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Zoom (1972 TV series)

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Zoom
Zoom (1972) logo.png
Zoom logo
GenreEducational
Created byChristopher Sarson
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons6
No. of episodes130
Production
Executive producersChristopher Sarson (1972–1974)
Kate Taylor (1975–1978)
Production locationsWGBH Studios
Boston, Massachusetts
Camera setupSegments
Production companyWGBH-TV
DistributorWGBH-TV
Release
Original networkPBS
Picture formatClosed-captioned, Color
Original releaseJanuary 9, 1972 (1972-01-09) –
February 10, 1978 (1978-02-10)
Chronology
Followed byZoom (1999 series)

Zoom (stylized as ZOOM) is a half-hour educational television program, created almost entirely by children, which aired on PBS originally from January 9, 1972, to February 10, 1978, with reruns being shown until September 12, 1980. It was originated and produced by WGBH-TV in Boston.[1][2] Inspired by educational shows like Sesame Street and The Electric Company, but designed to give the kids who watched it a voice without adults on screen, it was, for the most part, unscripted. Far from seeking to make stars of the child performers, their contracts prohibited them from making any television appearances or doing commercials for three years after they left the show.

The show was revived in 1999 and aired on PBS until 2005.[3]

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Educational television

Educational television

Educational television or learning television is the use of television programs in the field of distance education. It may be in the form of individual television programs or dedicated specialty channels that is often associated with cable television in the United States as Public, educational, and government access (PEG) channel providers. There are also adult education programs for an older audience; many of these are instructional television or "telecourse" services that can be taken for college credit, such as the Open University programs on BBC television in the UK.

Television show

Television show

A television show – or simply TV show – is any content produced for viewing on a television set which can be broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, or cable, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows. Television shows are most often scheduled for broadcast well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings, but streaming services often make them available for viewing anytime. The content in a television show can be produced with different methodologies such as taped variety shows emanating from a television studio stage, animation or a variety of film productions ranging from movies to series. Shows not produced on a television studio stage are usually contracted or licensed to be made by appropriate production companies.

Child

Child

A child is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty, or between the developmental period of infancy and puberty. The legal definition of child generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority. Children generally have fewer rights and responsibilities than adults. They are classed as unable to make serious decisions.

WGBH-TV

WGBH-TV

WGBH-TV, branded on-air as GBH or GBH 2 since 2020, is the primary PBS member television station in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is the flagship property of the WGBH Educational Foundation, which also owns Boston's secondary PBS member WGBX-TV and Springfield, Massachusetts PBS member WGBY-TV, Class A Biz TV affiliate WFXZ-CD and public radio stations WGBH and WCRB in the Boston area, and WCAI radio on Cape Cod. WGBH-TV also effectively, but unofficially serves as one of three flagship stations of PBS, along with WNET in New York City and WETA-TV in Washington, D.C.

Boston

Boston

Boston, officially the City of Boston, is the state capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the cultural and financial center of the New England region of the United States. It is the 24th-most populous city in the country. The city boundaries encompass an area of about 48.4 sq mi (125 km2) and a population of 675,647 as of 2020. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest MSA in the country. A broader combined statistical area (CSA), generally corresponding to the commuting area and including Providence, Rhode Island, is home to approximately 8.2 million people, making it the sixth most populous in the United States.

Sesame Street

Sesame Street

Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live-action, sketch comedy, animation and puppetry. It is produced by Sesame Workshop and was created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett. It is known for its images communicated through the use of Jim Henson's Muppets, and includes short films, with humor and cultural references. It premiered on November 10, 1969, to positive reviews, some controversy, and high viewership. It has aired on the United States national public television provider PBS since its debut, with its first run moving to premium channel HBO on January 16, 2016, then its sister streaming service HBO Max in 2020. Sesame Street is one of the longest-running shows in the world.

The Electric Company

The Electric Company

The Electric Company is an American educational children's television series produced by the Children's Television Workshop. It was co-created by Paul Dooley, Joan Ganz Cooney, and Lloyd Morrisett. The series aired on PBS for 780 episodes over the course of its six seasons from October 25, 1971, to April 15, 1977. The program continued in reruns until October 4, 1985. The Electric Company later reran on Noggin, a channel co-founded by the CTW, from 1999 to 2003. Noggin also produced a compilation special for the show.

Zoom (1999 TV series)

Zoom (1999 TV series)

Zoom is an American live-action children's television series in which child cast members present a variety of types of content, including games, recipes, science experiments, and short plays, based on ideas sent in by children, and is a remake from an existing 1972 version of the same name. Created by Christopher Sarson, the series originally aired on PBS Kids from January 4, 1999 to May 6, 2005, with reruns airing until September 2, 2007, and was produced by WGBH-TV in Boston.

Description

On the show, a cast of seven kids (ten in Season 4) known as Zoomers presented various activities such as games, plays, poems, recipes, jokes, movies and science experiments, all suggested by viewer contributions. These activities were introduced by such titles as Zoomovie, Zoom Play of the Week, Zoomgame, Zoomdo, Zoomgoody, Zoomphenomenon, etc. The cast also had informal chats on subjects such as hospitals, school, family and prejudice, titled Zoomraps. Each episode ended with a choreographed song performed by the cast.

The young Zoomers were only identified by first names, and in the early seasons half the cast were replaced every six months, allowing a set of veteran cast members to help new members become accustomed to the show.[4] The cast was chosen by audition, and the producers made efforts to include children of multiple cultures and backgrounds.[5]

The mail-in request became a pop culture reference for its musical exhortation to "Write Zoom, Z-double-O-M, Box 3-5-0, Boston, Mass 0-2-1-3-4: send it to Zoom!". The lines were mostly spoken, but the ZIP Code was sung.

In the opening sequence, each cast member performed a brief "signature move," and second season cast member Bernadette's "arm thing" (a helicopter-like series of arm moves) became famous among the show's young audience. By popular demand, Bernadette eventually explained on the show how to perform the move.[6]

The program featured its own language, Ubbi-Dubbi, where the syllable "ub" was added before each vowel sound in each syllable of each word ("H-ub-i, fr-ub-iends," etc.). For the first two seasons, a word game called "Fannee Doolee" was featured, in which a series of statements about the titular character were presented to the audience without further explanation (e.g., "Fannee Doolee likes sweets, but hates candy"). It was eventually revealed that Fannee Doolee loved all words with double letters and hated all words without them.

Each show had one or two Zoomguest sequences, short film documentaries about children with special talents (singing, tap-dancing, instrument-making, etc.) or interesting hobbies or jobs. The premiere episode featured a boy who built a boat by making a ring of sticks and twigs and covering them with a tarpaulin.

Throughout the show's run, Newton Wayland was the musical director, while Billy Wilson handled choreography during the first four seasons.[7][8]

In the show's first two seasons, Tracy hosted a "Tracy Asks..." sequence in which she asked a question, e.g., "Which came first, the chicken or the egg?" or "What is the world's longest word?", and local children were filmed giving their answers. In later episodes, other cast members hosted and the segment was retitled "Zoom in the Street." The first two seasons had "quickie" comedy routines modeled after Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In. Season 4 featured a recurring mock-soap opera titled As the World Zooms.

The performers in the original series were known for wearing striped rugby shirts and jeans. The cast often performed barefoot in Seasons 1 and 2 but wore shoes from Season 3 on.

The first Zoom series lasted six seasons (1972–1978) and featured 49 Zoomers. During the second and third seasons, cast members were transitioned with a catchy production number that introduced the new cast members to the continuing cast members. The same song was used for each transition ("How do ya do do-dee-do, how do ya do-dee-do-dee-do, how's your sister, how's your brother, how are you?"), based on the Woody Guthrie song "Howjadoo." In the last three seasons, entirely new casts were used.

Several episodes were available with captions for the hearing-impaired.

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ZIP Code

ZIP Code

A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service (USPS). Introduced on July 1, 1963, the basic format consisted of five digits. In 1983, an extended ZIP+4 code was introduced; it included the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four digits that designated a more specific location.

Newton Wayland

Newton Wayland

Newton Hart Wayland was an American orchestral conductor, arranger, composer and keyboardist. The product of an elite musical education, Wayland was known for his dedication to performing for the broadest possible audience.

Rugby shirt

Rugby shirt

A rugby shirt, also known as a rugby jersey, is worn by players of rugby union or rugby league. It usually has short sleeves, though long sleeves are common as well.

Jeans

Jeans

Jeans are a type of pants or trousers made from denim or dungaree cloth. Often the term "jeans" refers to a particular style of trousers, called "blue jeans", with copper-riveted pockets which were invented by Jacob W. Davis in 1871 and patented by Jacob W. Davis and Levi Strauss on May 20, 1873. Prior to the patent, the term "blue jeans" had been long in use for various garments, constructed from blue-colored denim.

Barefoot

Barefoot

Barefoot is the state of not wearing any footwear.

Woody Guthrie

Woody Guthrie

Woodrow Wilson Guthrie was an American singer-songwriter, one of the most significant figures in American folk music. His work focused on themes of American socialism and anti-fascism. He has inspired several generations both politically and musically with songs such as "This Land Is Your Land", written in response to the American exceptionalist song "God Bless America".

Cast (in order by introduction in the opening song)

Season Cast Member #1 Cast Member #2 Cast Member #3 Cast Member #4 Cast Member #5 Cast Member #6 Cast Member #7 Cast Member #8 Cast Member #9 Cast Member #10
1 (1972) Joe Shrand Nina Lillie Kenny Pires Tracy Tannebring Tommy White Nancy Tates Jon Reuning
2 (1972-1973) Maura Mullaney Kenny Pires Ann Messer David Alberico Nancy Tates Jay Schertzer Tracy Tannebring
Luiz Gonzales Bernadette Yao Leon Mobley
Edith Mooers Lori Boskin Danny McGrath Leon Mobley Neal Johnson
3 (1973-1974) Danny McGrath Edith Mooers Mike Dean Donna Moore Timmy Pruce Lori Boskin
Mike Dean Rose Clarkow Hector Dorta Shawn Miranda Reed Danny Malloy
4 (1974-1975) Harvey Reed Tishy Flaherty David "Red" O'Brien Cate Wadsworth Norman Christian Tracey Dellaria Tommy Schultz Carmen Hernandez David Azzoto Andrae Wyatt
5 (1976) Chris Blackwell Jennifer Gold Ron Richmond Arcadio Gonzales Karen Wing Levell Gethers Nell Cox
6 (1977-1978) Amy Clark John Lathan Carolyn Malcolm Nicholas Butterworth Shona de Nile Chee Kim Susan Wolf

Some PBS stations continued to broadcast reruns of the series until September 12, 1980.

Merchandise

In 1973, the cast members from the first season released an album called Playgrounds (LP OCLC 3399239), produced by Rupert Holmes, that was available by mail order.[9]

In 1974, A&M Records released an album of songs from the show titled Come on and Zoom (LP OCLC 3060311; cassette OCLC 18900529), featuring cast members from the second season. The catalogue number of the album was SP-3402 (213 402 under the PolyGram system).

In 1977, Rounder Records released Zoom Tunes, featuring cast members from the fourth season.[10] John Nagy and Newton Wayland produced the latter two albums.

Two books for children were based on the 1970s Zoom series:

  • The Zoom Catalog (ISBN 0394825322), published by Random House in 1972, was a collection of stories, poems, plays, jokes and activities from the show, featuring the second cast.
  • Do a Zoomdo, published by Little Brown in 1975, was a collection of activities from the show, featuring cast members from the second and third seasons.

On December 1, 1998, WGBH released the video-and-book set Best of the 70s and Zoomers Revisited — Where Are They Now? (ISBN 1578072077).

On October 28, 2008, WGBH released a two-DVD set, Zoom Back to the '70s. The first DVD was a reissue of Best of the 70s, with extras consisting of behind the scenes stills set to the theme song and a 10-question quiz asking what a few of the cast members are doing today. The second DVD consisted of four episodes from the series.

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Rupert Holmes

Rupert Holmes

David Goldstein, better known as Rupert Holmes, is a British-American composer, singer-songwriter, dramatist and author. He is widely known for the hit singles "Escape " (1979) and "Him" (1980). He is also known for his musicals The Mystery of Edwin Drood, which earned him two Tony Awards, and Curtains, and for his television series Remember WENN.

A&M Records

A&M Records

A&M Records was an American record label founded as an independent company by Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss in 1962. Due to the success of the discography A&M released, the label garnered interest and was acquired by PolyGram in 1989 and began distributing releases from Polydor Ltd. from the UK. Throughout its operations, A&M housed well-known acts such as Alpert himself, Squeeze, Gin Blossoms, Joe Cocker, Procol Harum, Captain & Tennille, Sting, Supertramp, Bryan Adams, Burt Bacharach, Liza Minnelli, The Carpenters, Paul Williams, Quincy Jones, Janet Jackson, Cat Stevens, Peter Frampton, Elkie Brooks, Carole King, Styx, Dennis DeYoung, Extreme, Amy Grant, Joan Baez, The Police, Jann Arden, CeCe Peniston, Shanice, Blues Traveler, Soundgarden, Duffy, Phil Ochs, Sheryl Crow, Yellow Magic Orchestra, and Nazareth.

Rounder Records

Rounder Records

Rounder Records is an independent record label founded in 1970 in Somerville, Massachusetts by Marian Leighton Levy, Ken Irwin, and Bill Nowlin. Focused on American roots music, Rounder's catalogue of more than 3000 titles includes records by Alison Krauss and Union Station, George Thorogood, Tony Rice, and Béla Fleck, in addition to re-releases of seminal albums by artists such as the Carter Family, Jelly Roll Morton, Lead Belly, and Woody Guthrie. "Championing and preserving the music of artists whose music falls outside of the mainstream," Rounder releases have won 54 Grammy Awards representing diverse genres, from bluegrass, folk, reggae, and gospel to pop, rock, Americana, polka and world music. Acquired by Concord in 2010, Rounder is based in Nashville, Tennessee.

Newton Wayland

Newton Wayland

Newton Hart Wayland was an American orchestral conductor, arranger, composer and keyboardist. The product of an elite musical education, Wayland was known for his dedication to performing for the broadest possible audience.

Random House

Random House

Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world. The company has several independently managed subsidiaries around the world. It is part of Penguin Random House, which is owned by German media conglomerate Bertelsmann.

50th Anniversary

At the show's 50th anniversary in 2022, WGBH posted all surviving episodes online.[11] On January 28, 2022, original executive producer Christopher Sarson and members of the first cast appeared in online video chats,[12] followed on February 2, 2022 by a chat with Sarson and cast members from the second and third seasons.[13]

Source: "Zoom (1972 TV series)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoom_(1972_TV_series).

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See also
References
  1. ^ Julie Salamon (February 15, 2002). "Grabbing Viewers 'Tween 8 and 14". The New York Times.
  2. ^ Emily Nussbaum (August 24, 2003). "That 70's Show: The Bouncy Everykids of 'Zoom'". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Newton, Catherine (January 20, 1999). "It's Ubbi-Dubbi all over again: "Zoom" zooms back to TV". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  4. ^ Woolery, George W. (1985). Children's Television: The First Thirty-Five Years, 1946–1981, Part II: Live, Film, and Tape Series. The Scarecrow Press. pp. 574–575. ISBN 0-8108-1651-2.
  5. ^ Nicholas Butterworth. "Being on Zoom".
  6. ^ Pamela H. Sacks (2002). "ZOOM' holds treasured memories". Worcester Telegram & Gazette.
  7. ^ IMDB, accessed October 29, 2022, https://www.imdb.com/name/nm7051437/
  8. ^ IMDB, accessed October 29, 2022, https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0933068/
  9. ^ Playgrounds (full album), YouTube, posted Sept. 16, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qx1hzCz_50U&t=28s
  10. ^ Discogs, accessed February 25, 2022, https://www.discogs.com/release/4430719-Various-Zoom-Tunes-Songs-From-The-Three-Time-Emmy-Award-Winning-Childrens-TV-Show
  11. ^ American Archive of Public Broadcasting, accessed June 19, 2022, https://americanarchive.org/catalog?f%5Baccess_types%5D%5B%5D=online&q=%2Btitles%3A%22Zoom%22&sort=episode_number_sort+asc
  12. ^ YouTube, accessed June 19, 2022, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xv6xHH0rG8
  13. ^ YouTube, accessed June 19, 2022, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gu9T1UmRjmQ
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