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Yungay, Chile

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Yungay
Flag
Coat of arms
Map of the Yungay commune in the Ñuble Region
Map of the Yungay commune in the Ñuble Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Yungay
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 37°07′11″S 72°01′09″W / 37.11972°S 72.01917°W / -37.11972; -72.01917Coordinates: 37°07′11″S 72°01′09″W / 37.11972°S 72.01917°W / -37.11972; -72.01917
CountryChile
RegionÑuble
ProvinceDiguillín
Villa de Yungay20 January 1842
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeAngel Castro Medina (PDC)
Area
 • Total823.5 km2 (318.0 sq mi)
Elevation
268 m (879 ft)
Population
 (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total16,949
 • Density21/km2 (53/sq mi)
 • Urban
11,469
 • Rural
5,345
Sex
 • Men8565
 • Women8249
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Area code56 + 42
ClimateCsb
WebsiteMunicipality of Yungay

Yungay is a Chilean town and commune in Diguillín Province, Ñuble Region. The commune spans an area of 823.5 km (512 mi).[3]

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Chile

Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in the western part of South America. It is the southernmost country in the world, and the closest to Antarctica, occupying a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Chile covers an area of 756,096 square kilometers (291,930 sq mi), with a population of 17.5 million as of 2017. It shares land borders with Peru to the north, Bolivia to the north-east, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chile also controls the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Isla Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. It also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometers (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica under the Chilean Antarctic Territory. The country's capital and largest city is Santiago, and its national language is Spanish.

Communes of Chile

Communes of Chile

A commune is the smallest administrative subdivision in Chile. It may contain cities, towns, villages, hamlets as well as rural areas. In highly populated areas, such as Santiago, Valparaíso and Concepción, a conurbation may be broken into several communes. In sparsely populated areas, conversely, a commune may cover a substantial rural area together with several settled areas which could range from hamlets to towns or cities.

Ñuble Region

Ñuble Region

The Ñuble Region, officially the Region of Ñuble, is — since 5 September 2018 – one of Chile's sixteen regions. It spans an area of 13,178.5 km2 (5,088 sq mi), making it the smallest region in Chile in terms of area, and is administratively constituted by 21 communes. It has a population of 480,609 inhabitants. Its capital is the city of Chillán.

Demographics

According to data from the 2002 Census of Population and Housing, the Yungay commune had 16,814 inhabitants; of these, 11,469 (68.2%) lived in urban areas and 5,345 (31.8%) in rural areas. At that time, there were 8,565 men and 8,249 women residing in the commune. The commune grew 10% in population between the censuses of 1992 and 2002 (1.0% annual growth).[3]

Towns

The following are the towns that made up the commune as with their respective populations (according to the 2002 Census):

  • Yungay, commune seat, 9288 inhabitants
  • Campanario, 2181 inhabitants
  • Cholguán, 718 inhabitants
  • Ranchillo, 319 inhabitants
  • El Roble, 152 inhabitants
  • Los Castaños, 142 inhabitants
  • Chillancito, 62 inhabitants

Administration

As a commune, Yungay is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. For the years 2016-2020, the alcalde is Rafael Cifuentes Rodríguez (PS), and the council members are:[1][2][4]

  • Juana Sandoval Rojas (PDC)
  • Rodrigo Stuardo Hernández (PRSD)
  • Ángelica Cabezas González (UDI)
  • Juan Quezada Garrido (ILH)
  • Ricardo Ramos Martínez (Ind.-PS)
  • Patricia Moncada Morales (PRSD)

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Yungay (together with Chillán, Coihueco, Pinto, San Ignacio, Chile, El Carmen, Pemuco and Chillán Viejo) is represented in the Chamber of Deputies as a part of the 41st electoral district. The commune is represented in the Senate as part of the 13th senatorial constituency (Biobío Coast).

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Communes of Chile

Communes of Chile

A commune is the smallest administrative subdivision in Chile. It may contain cities, towns, villages, hamlets as well as rural areas. In highly populated areas, such as Santiago, Valparaíso and Concepción, a conurbation may be broken into several communes. In sparsely populated areas, conversely, a commune may cover a substantial rural area together with several settled areas which could range from hamlets to towns or cities.

Municipal council

Municipal council

A municipal council is the legislative body of a municipality or local government area. Depending on the location and classification of the municipality it may be known as a city council, town council, town board, community council, rural council, village council, or board of aldermen.

Alcalde

Alcalde

Alcalde is the traditional Spanish municipal magistrate, who had both judicial and administrative functions. An alcalde was, in the absence of a corregidor, the presiding officer of the Castilian cabildo and judge of first instance of a town. Alcaldes were elected annually, without the right to reelection for two or three years, by the regidores of the municipal council. The office of the alcalde was signified by a staff of office, which they were to take with them when doing their business. A woman who holds the office is termed an Alcaldesa.

Independent Democratic Union

Independent Democratic Union

The Independent Democratic Union is a conservative and right-wing political party in Chile, founded in 1983. Its founder was the lawyer, politician and law professor Jaime Guzmán, a civilian allied with Augusto Pinochet. Guzmán was a senator from 1990 until his murder by communist guerrillas on April 1, 1991.

Electoral divisions of Chile

Electoral divisions of Chile

Chile has two distinct electoral division systems:To elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate, Chile is divided into several electoral divisions, namely electoral districts and senatorial constituencies. To elect members of the Regional Councils, Chile is divided into several provincial constituencies, each of which correspond to one province, except for a few ones that are divided into several constituencies.

Chillán

Chillán

Chillán is the capital city of the Ñuble Region in the Diguillín Province of Chile located about 400 km (249 mi) south of the country's capital, Santiago, near the geographical center of the country. It is the capital of the new Ñuble Region since 6 September 2015. Within the city are a railway station, an inter-city bus terminal, an agricultural extension of the University of Concepción, and a regimental military base. The city includes a modern-style enclosed shopping mall in addition to the multi-block open-air street market where fruits, vegetables, crafts and clothing are sold. The nearby mountains are a popular destination for skiing and hot spring bathing.

Coihueco

Coihueco

Coihueco is a Chilean commune and city in Punilla Province, Ñuble Region. It is located near Chillán, the provincial capital. Coihueco borders San Carlos and San Fabián on the north, Argentina on the east, Pinto on the South, and Chillán on the west.

Pinto, Chile

Pinto, Chile

Pinto is a Chilean town and commune in Diguillín Province, Ñuble Region. It is bordered by the commune of Coihueco to the north, Chillán and San Ignacio to the west, and El Carmen and Antuco to the south. The commune shares its eastern border with the Argentine province of Neuquén.

El Carmen, Chile

El Carmen, Chile

El Carmen is a Chilean commune and town in Diguillín Province, Ñuble Region.

Pemuco

Pemuco

Pemuco is a Chilean town and commune in Diguillín Province, Ñuble Region.

Chillán Viejo

Chillán Viejo

Chillán Viejo is a city and commune in the Diguillín Province of Chile Region of Ñuble According to the 2002 census, the population of the commune was 22,084 and it has an area of 292 km2 (113 sq mi).

Chamber of Deputies of Chile

Chamber of Deputies of Chile

The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 of Chile's current constitution.

Geography

Even though the total area of the commune is around 823 km squared, only 3.87 km squared (0.47% of the total territory) has been urbanized: the cities of Yungay (with 9,288 inhabitants as of 2002) and Campanario. In the 2017 census there were 17,787 total inhabitants in the commune. The Yungay Commune is located on the eastern borders of the region, thus it contains parts of the Cordillera of the Andes, where the altitude reaches between 150 and 2000 meters above sea level. Several rivers flow out of the Andes sector and cross the body of the region. Generally, the land is devoted to agricultural[5] purposes, principally the growth of California Pine, wheat, oats, or lentils; or for livestock grazing.[6]

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Andes

Andes

The Andes, Andes Mountains or Andean Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. The range is 8,900 km (5,530 mi) long, 200 to 700 km wide, and has an average height of about 4,000 m (13,123 ft). The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.

Pinus radiata

Pinus radiata

Pinus radiata, the Monterey pine, insignis pine or radiata pine, is a species of pine native to the Central Coast of California and Mexico. It is an evergreen conifer in the family Pinaceae.

Wheat

Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain that is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat. The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis.

Livestock

Livestock

Livestock are the domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to provide labor and produce commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool. The term is sometimes used to refer solely to animals who are raised for consumption, and sometimes used to refer solely to farmed ruminants, such as cattle, sheep, goats and pigs. Horses are considered livestock in the United States. The USDA classifies pork, veal, beef, and lamb (mutton) as livestock, and all livestock as red meat. Poultry and fish are not included in the category.

Library

The Yungay Public Library is named after the priest Oreste Montero, who was a great aid for the education in Yungay and left an impression on many generations through his positive nature. In the present day, the library has grown and offers many new services such as a computer lab that serves many students (from one of the several high schools within the area) who don’t have access to the necessary resources

Source: "Yungay, Chile", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yungay,_Chile.

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References
  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Yungay" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Government of Chile: SUBDERE - Alcaldes and Councilors" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on June 6, 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  4. ^ Lomnitz, Larissa (2000). Chile's political culture and parties : an anthropological explanation (1 ed.). University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 026800840X.
  5. ^ "Chile - Agricultural Sector | export.gov". www.export.gov. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Ficha nacional y regionales". ODEPA | Oficina de Estudios y Políticas Agrarias (in European Spanish).
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