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Yatte Yattah

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Yatte Yattah
New South Wales
Yatte Yattah is located in New South Wales
Yatte Yattah
Yatte Yattah
Coordinates35°16′55″S 150°25′15″E / 35.28194°S 150.42083°E / -35.28194; 150.42083Coordinates: 35°16′55″S 150°25′15″E / 35.28194°S 150.42083°E / -35.28194; 150.42083
Population189 (2021 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2539
Location
LGA(s)City of Shoalhaven
RegionSouth Coast
CountySt Vincent
ParishConjola
State electorate(s)South Coast
Federal division(s)Gilmore
Shoalhaven City Council Logo.jpg
Suburbs around Yatte Yattah:
Fishermans Paradise
Little Forest Yatte Yattah Conjola Park
Little Forest Milton Lake Conjola

Yatte Yattah (pronounced 'Yadda Yadda') is a historically significant suburb within the City of Shoalhaven on the New South Wales South Coast. It is located on the Princes Highway about 4km north of Milton and 2km south of Conjola Lake. At the 2021 Census, the population was 189.[1] Settled in 1827, Yatte Yattah was a pioneer town in the decades preceding the establishment of nearby Milton and Ulladulla. Selected for its highly fertile soils and red cedar,[2] Early settlers of Yatte Yattah used convicts to procure timber, build roads and dig extensive drains along Narrawallee Creek[3]. During this boom period Yatte Yattah had a functioning school, church and post office.[4] Today, Yatte Yattah is characterised by picturesque farming estates and private rural retreats. There are views of Pigeon House Mountain and the Budawang Ranges. There are many surfing beaches near Yatte Yattah[5] and with incereasing popularity the highway is known to become congested during peak holiday season.[6]

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City of Shoalhaven

City of Shoalhaven

The City of Shoalhaven is a local government area in the south-eastern coastal region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is about 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of Sydney. The Princes Highway passes through the area, and the South Coast railway line traverses the northern section, terminating at Bomaderry. At the 2021 census, the population was 108,531.

South Coast (New South Wales)

South Coast (New South Wales)

The South Coast refers to the narrow coastal belt from Shoalhaven district in the north to the border with Victoria in the south in the south-eastern part of the State of New South Wales, Australia. It is bordered to the west by the coastal escarpment of the Southern Tablelands, and is largely covered by a series of national parks, namely Jervis Bay National Park, Eurobodalla National Park, and Beowa National Park. To the east is the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, which is characterised by rolling farmlands, small towns and villages along a rocky coastline, interspersed by numerous beaches and lakes.

Princes Highway

Princes Highway

Princes Highway is a major road in Australia, extending from Sydney via Melbourne to Adelaide through the states of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. It has a length of 1,941 kilometres (1,206 mi) or 1,898 kilometres (1,179 mi) via the former alignments of the highway, although these routes are slower and connections to the bypassed sections of the original route are poor in many cases.

Milton, New South Wales

Milton, New South Wales

Milton is a village in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, within the City of Shoalhaven. It was founded in 1860, named after the property of post master George Knight and became an important regional centre during the 19th Century. Today, Milton remains one of the two main commercial centres of the Milton-Ulladulla district, with a population at the 2016 census of 1,663. It is a popular stopping place for travellers on the Princes Highway which runs through the centre of town. In recent years, Milton has undergone a resurgence largely influenced by the local tourism industry and an influx of residents to the district seeking a seachange. Several new housing estates are being developed on the fringes of the village and new boutique stores, cafes and bed and breakfast type businesses have located in the town.

Ulladulla, New South Wales

Ulladulla, New South Wales

Ulladulla is a coastal town in New South Wales, Australia in the City of Shoalhaven local government area. It is on the Princes Highway about 230 kilometres (140 mi) south of Sydney, halfway between Batemans Bay to the south and Nowra to the north. Ulladulla has close links with the nearby historic settlement of Milton and many services are shared between these towns.

Convicts in Australia

Convicts in Australia

Between 1788 and 1868, about 162,000 convicts were transported from Britain and Ireland to various penal colonies in Australia.

Pigeon House Mountain

Pigeon House Mountain

Pigeon House Mountain is a mountain at an elevation of 720 metres (2,360 ft) AHD  on the Budawang Range that is situated within the Morton National Park, located on the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

Budawang Range

Budawang Range

The Budawang Range, commonly called The Budawangs, a rugged mountain range within the Budawang National Park and the Morton National Park, are part of a spur off the Great Dividing Range and are located in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

History

Yatte Yattah was the first area settled by europeans in the Milton-Ulladulla district[7]. The first land grant of 1,280 acres (5.2 km2) in the region was issued in 1827 to Reverend Thomas Kendall (1778-1832).[7] The land he settled upon would later be named Yatte Yattah, a word derived from local aboriginal language thought by some to mean 'waterfall'.[8] On this land he built his residence ‘Kendall Dale’. There he ran cattle and felled timber including Australian Red Cedar, utilising ticket-of-leave men for labour. Kendall travelled often from Ulladulla to Sydney but was drowned when his cargo ship, the Brisbane, was wrecked off Jervis Bay.[9]

Yatte Yattah was designated as the site for a new and prosperous township on the South Coast. A schoolhouse, post office and church were erected near current day Tierney Road above Currowar Creek.[4][10][11]

Decades later when the private township of Milton was incorporated by timbergetters 4 km to the north, plans to develop Yatte Yattah into a fully fledged town were abandoned.[12][13]

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Agriculture

The stretch of land between Yatte Yattah and Milton has been described as having some of the finest pastoral land in the state.[14]

Yatte Yattah was recognised by early colonial settlers for its highly productive farmland, particularly in Boolgatta Flat where James Warden used ticket-of-leave convict labour to build an extensive network of drains along the freshwater portion of Narrawallee Creek, to make better use of the alluvial soils.[15][16][17]

Crops of oat and corn were grown in the 19th & early 20th Century. Beef and dairy cattle grazing now make up the majority of farms in Yatte Yattah. The number of dairy farms in the area has been declining over the past few decades with beef taking its place.[16][18]

Corn Planter at work on Boolgatta Flat, 1908
Corn Planter at work on Boolgatta Flat, 1908

Biodiversity

Although large swathes of rainforest were cleared by early settlers, Yatte Yattah remains rich in biodiversity and is surrounded by numerous nature reserves. Morton National Park and Little Forest Plateau are escarpment are nearby to the West, Conjola National Park and YatteYattah Nature Reserve are in the North and Narrawallee Nature Reserve is to the East. Yatte Yattah has a diverse range of habitats including remnant Milton Rainforest, several freshwater creeks and tidal mangrove flats to the East. Yatte Yattah is part of the Budawang Atlas of Life Project which seeks to document biodiversity in the region.[19]

A waterfall in Yatte Yattah
A waterfall in Yatte Yattah

Geography

Yatte Yattah is located in a fertile stretch of hills and valleys between the Pacific Ocean to the East and the steep escarpment of Little Forest Plateau to the west. Lake Conjola is to the North and Milton, Mollymook and Ulladlla are to the South. The Princes Highway runs north to south through Yatte Yattah. The Milton Ulladulla Bypass has been planned for completion in Late 2029.[20]

Creeks

Yatte Yattah sits within two water catchments with the vast majority flowing into Narrawallee Inlet. The area North of Lake Conjola Entrance Road flows into Lake Conjola.[21]

There are 4 named creeks running through Yatte Yattah.

  • Currowar Creek[22]
  • Yackungarrah Creek[22]
  • Narrawallee Creek[22]
  • Myrtle Gully Creek[23]

Geology

Yatte Yattah is primarily composed of Milton Monzonite and permian sediments formed in the early Triassic period.[24][25] The flat stretch of land along Boolgatta Flat featuring deep alluvial soils was formed from ancient glacial infilling during the last ice age.[15][16]

Notable People

Reverend Thomas Kendall (1778-1832).

From his large estate in Yatte Yattah, Thomas Kendall played a pivitol role in the early development of the Milton-Ulladulla area.[2] He died at sea when his merchant ship carrying red cedar sunk off Jervis Bay.[20][9][7][3]

Henry Kendall

Acclaimed Australian poet Henry Kendall and grandson of Thomas Kendall[3] was born in a shack on the banks of Yackungarrah Creek.[12][8] He wrote poems inspired by the scenery of Yatte Yattah.[8]

James Warden

Labelled as a 'South Coast Pioneer',[26] James Warden was a shipwright, Australian politician in the NSW Legislative Assembly and purchaser of Boolgatta Estate, Yatte Yattah.[17][16][26] Warden Head, the location of Ulladulla Lighthouse is named after James and his rival brother.[27]

Max Atkins

Former Shoalhaven mayor from 1987 to 1999[28] and award-winning breeder of stud French Limousin beef cattle at former Willowbank Estate, Yatte Yattah.[29][30] Atkins' historic house was destroyed in the Currowan fire.[31]

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Thomas Kendall

Thomas Kendall

Thomas Kendall was a New Zealand missionary, recorder of the Māori language, schoolmaster, arms dealer, and Pākehā Māori.

Henry Kendall (poet)

Henry Kendall (poet)

Thomas Henry Kendall, was an Australian author and bush poet, who was particularly known for his poems and tales set in a natural environment. He appears never to have used his first name — his three volumes of verse were all published under the name of "Henry Kendall".

James Warden (politician)

James Warden (politician)

James Warden was a Scottish-born Australian politician.

City of Shoalhaven

City of Shoalhaven

The City of Shoalhaven is a local government area in the south-eastern coastal region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is about 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of Sydney. The Princes Highway passes through the area, and the South Coast railway line traverses the northern section, terminating at Bomaderry. At the 2021 census, the population was 108,531.

Limousin cattle

Limousin cattle

The Limousin, French: Limousine, is a French breed of beef cattle from the Limousin and Marche regions of France. It was formerly used mainly as a draught animal, but in modern times is reared for beef. A herd-book was established in France in 1886. With the mechanisation of agriculture in the twentieth century, numbers declined. In the 1960s there were still more than 250 000 head, but the future of the breed was not clear; it was proposed that it be merged with the other blonde draught breeds of south-western France – the Blonde des Pyrénées, the Blonde de Quercy and the Garonnaise – to form the new Blonde d'Aquitaine. Instead, a breeders' association was formed; new importance was given to extensive management, to performance recording and to exports. In the twenty-first century the Limousin is the second-most numerous beef breed in France after the Charolais. It is a world breed, raised in about eighty countries round the world, many of which have breed associations.

Historic Buildings

Yatte Yattah has several heritage listed homes dating from early settlement in the 1830s.

Kendall Dale

One of the oldest residences on the South Coast. A heritage listed Victorian Georgian house constructed from rendered rubble. It was built by convicts in 1848 after the original homestead burned down[32]. Located on the Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah.

Boolgatta House

Boolgatta is one of the finest homesteads in the Shoalhaven. The Victorian Georgian Mansion was constructed by James Poole for pioneer James Warden. James Warden designed Boolgatta house to rival the prestige of Airlie House owned by his brother and bitter rival, David Warden. It is located on the Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah.[32]

Boolgatta Homestead, Yatte Yattah
Boolgatta Homestead, Yatte Yattah

Kirmington

Kirmington is a Victorian Georgian residence listed on the Register of the National Estate for its historical significance. It is located on the Kendall Dale estate on the Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah.[32]

Whoppindally House

Whoppindally is a heritage listed farmhouse constructed in 1867 for Thomas Robert and Margaret Kendall. It is located on the Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah.[32]

Yatte Yattah Cheese Factory

The Yatte Yattah Cheese Factory was built by the Yatteyattah Co-operative Dairy Company in 1907 with the objective to produce butter. The location for the building was chosen for its proximity to the 'rich loamy soils' of Boolgatta Flat which produced high quality dairy.[33] As on 2023 the building has since been repurposed but remains highly visble at E380 Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah.[34]

Former Yatte Yattah Public School and schoolmaster’s residence

In the 19th Century and before the establishment of Milton just to the North, Yatte Yattah had been the designated site for a new town. A school and post office were built.[4] Both heritage listed buildings were destroyed in the Currowan fire.[11] The location was at 8A Tierney Road, Yatte Yattah.[34] Images of the formery heritage listed buildings are scarce.[13]

Cemeteries

  • "Hillview" Private Cemetery located at 8B Tierney Road, Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah (Lot 6, DP 32380)[34]
  • Roman Catholic Church and cemetery located at Princes Highway, Yatte Yattah (Lot 138, DP 755923)[34]
  • The Sheaffe Family Cemetery located at Pointer Road, Yatte Yattah (Lot 17, DP 847482)[34]

Public transport

There is a bus stop at the Lake Conjola turn off in Yatte Yattah. Premier Motor Service operate two daily service in each direction between Sydney and Eden as well as two services from Bomaderry railway station that connect with NSW TrainLink services.[33]

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Sydney

Sydney

Sydney is the capital city of the state of New South Wales, and the most populous city in both Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Sydney Harbour and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, spread across 33 local government areas. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". The 2021 census recorded the population of Greater Sydney as 5,231,150, meaning the city is home to approximately 66% of the state's population. Nicknames of the city include the 'Emerald City' and the 'Harbour City'.

Eden, New South Wales

Eden, New South Wales

Eden is a coastal town in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The town is 478 kilometres (297 mi) south of the state capital Sydney and is the most southerly town in New South Wales, located between Nullica Bay to the south and Calle Calle Bay, the northern reach of Twofold Bay, and built on undulating land adjacent to the third-deepest natural harbour in the southern hemisphere, and Snug Cove on its western boundary. At the 2016 census, Eden had a population of 3,151. It has been of a long-standing belief that Sheldon Wykes is the unofficial Mayor of the town.

Bomaderry railway station

Bomaderry railway station

Bomaderry railway station is a heritage-listed single-platform intercity train station located in Bomaderry, New South Wales, Australia, on the South Coast railway line. The station serves NSW TrainLink diesel multiple unit trains to Kiama. Early morning and late night services to the station are provided by train replacement bus services. A siding near the station is used by freight trains operated by the Manildra Group.

NSW TrainLink

NSW TrainLink

NSW TrainLink is a train and coach operator in Australia, providing services throughout New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, along with limited interstate services into Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. Its primary intercity and regional services are spread throughout five major rail lines, operating out of Sydney's Central railway station.

Black Summer

Parts of Yatte Yattah and the surrounding area, including the neighboring suburb of Conjola Park, were impacted by the large Currowan fire during the 2019-20 Black summer fire season. A number of businesses, properties and homes were destroyed including the Eagleview Farm Piggery on New Year's Eve, with 2 bodies located inside burned out vehicles near the Princes Highway the following day.[35][36] The Currowan fire predominantly impacted the elevated topography of Yatte Yattah with the low-lying alluvial flats mostly unaffected. The cleared grazing land at Boolgatta Flat acted as a protective buffer.[37]

Localities

Source: "Yatte Yattah", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 29th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yatte_Yattah.

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References
  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Yatte Yattah". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 December 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b Davidson, J. W., "Kendall, Thomas (1778–1832)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 25 January 2023
  3. ^ a b c "Thomas Kendall 1778–1832 – Australian Royalty: Genealogy of the colony of New South Wales". australianroyalty.net.au. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  4. ^ a b c "School house map".
  5. ^ "100 Beach Challenge". Shoalhaven - South Coast NSW. Retrieved 28 January 2023.
  6. ^ Lemon, Harriet Alexander, James (27 December 2022). "Heavy traffic out of Sydney for great summer exodus". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 January 2023.
  7. ^ a b c Davidson, J. W., "Kendall, Thomas (1778–1832)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 25 January 2023
  8. ^ a b c "Yatta Yatta Dreaming, Yatteyattah". Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  9. ^ a b "ULLADULLA POLICE STATION | Australian Police". 5 September 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference :0 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ a b "Yatte Yattah nursery owner unsure if he'll ever restart". Milton Ulladulla Times. 17 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Henry Kendall Birthplace Cairn 1913 | Ulladulla.Info". ulladulla.info. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  13. ^ a b "Members Meeting 12th February 2020 | Milton Ulladulla Family History Society Inc". Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  14. ^ "THE FARMER". Australian Town and Country Journal. 22 January 1908. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  15. ^ a b "Yatteyattah Nature Reserve Plan of Management 2002" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ a b c d "Farming in Ulladulla district | Ulladulla.Info". ulladulla.info. 25 July 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  17. ^ a b "Mr James WARDEN (1820 - 1904)". www.parliament.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  18. ^ "THE FARMER". Australian Town and Country Journal. 29 January 1908. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  19. ^ "Budawang Coast Atlas of Life". iNaturalist. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  20. ^ a b Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities. "Project Details". Infrastructure and Regional Development. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  21. ^ "Narrawallee Creek Nature Reserve". NSW National Parks. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  22. ^ a b c McAndrew, Alex (1995). The Narrawallee Story Retold. Epping, NSW: A. McAndrew, 1995. ISBN 9780646186481.
  23. ^ "Conjola National Park Plan of Management April 2009" (PDF).
  24. ^ Dunlop, D. J.; Schmidt, P. W.; Özdemir, Ö.; Clark, D. A. (10 December 1997). "Paleomagnetism and paleothermometry of the Sydney Basin 1. Thermoviscous and chemical overprinting of the Milton Monzonite". Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 102 (B12): 27271–27283. doi:10.1029/97JB02479.
  25. ^ "Australian Stratigraphic Units Database, Geoscience Australia". asud.ga.gov.au. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  26. ^ a b c "A South Coast Pioneer". Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser. 9 November 1904. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  27. ^ "Place Names | Ulladulla.Info". ulladulla.info. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  28. ^ Condie, Katrina (30 September 2012). "Atkins family to sell Limousin herd". South Coast Register. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  29. ^ "Get to know your local faces". Milton Ulladulla Times. 21 November 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  30. ^ "Max and Val Atkins toast 60 years of marriage". Milton Ulladulla Times. 28 December 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  31. ^ "Roses achieve blooming success after burning 'right to the ground' in bushfires". ABC News. 7 March 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  32. ^ a b c d "Historic homesteads » Milton Ulladulla Historical Society". Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  33. ^ a b "Timetables Archive - Premier Transport". www.premierms.com.au. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  34. ^ a b c d e Cite error: The named reference :6 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  35. ^ Lucy Bladen (1 January 2020). "South Coast fires: Seven found amid reports of hundreds of homes lost". Northern Daily Leader. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  36. ^ Sean Rubinsztein-Dunlop; John Stewart (9 June 2020). "The water stopped. But the fire kept coming". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  37. ^ "Currowan Fire Scar Mapping 2019-2020". www.shoalhaven.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  38. ^ "Midnight Smash". Nowra Leader. 7 June 1929. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  39. ^ "A Survey and Some Opinions". Sydney Mail. 23 March 1938. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
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