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What Russia Should Do with Ukraine

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"What Russia Should Do with Ukraine" (Russian: Что Россия должна сделать с Украиной, romanizedChto Rossiya dolzhna sdelat' s Ukrainoy),[a][1] is an op-ed article written by Timofey Sergeytsev [uk] and published by the Russian state-owned news agency RIA Novosti.[2] The article calls for the full destruction of Ukraine as a state and it also calls for the full destruction of the Ukrainian national identity in accordance with Russia's aim to accomplish the "denazification" of the latter.[3][4]

It was published on 3 April 2022 in the context of the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine,[2] on the same day as the bodies of dozens of civilians were discovered after the retreat of Russian forces from Ukrainian city of Bucha.[3][5][6]

The article caused international criticism and outrage[3][7][8] and has been condemned as evidence of genocidal intent.[9][10][11]

Discover more about What Russia Should Do with Ukraine related topics

Russian language

Russian language

Russian Russian [ˈruskʲɪj jɪˈzɨk] is an East Slavic language mainly spoken across Russia. It is the native language of the Russians, and belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of four living East Slavic languages, and is also a part of the larger Balto-Slavic languages. Besides Russia itself, Russian is an official language in Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, and is used widely as a lingua franca throughout Ukraine, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and to some extent in the Baltic states. It was the de facto language of the former Soviet Union, and continues to be used in public life with varying proficiency in all of the post-Soviet states.

Romanization of Russian

Romanization of Russian

The romanization of the Russian language, aside from its primary use for including Russian names and words in text written in a Latin alphabet, is also essential for computer users to input Russian text who either do not have a keyboard or word processor set up for inputting Cyrillic, or else are not capable of typing rapidly using a native Russian keyboard layout (JCUKEN). In the latter case, they would type using a system of transliteration fitted for their keyboard layout, such as for English QWERTY keyboards, and then use an automated tool to convert the text into Cyrillic.

Op-ed

Op-ed

An op-ed, short for "opposite the editorial page", is a written prose piece, typically published by a North-American newspaper or magazine, which expresses the opinion of an author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board. Op-eds are different from both editorials and letters to the editor. In 2021, The New York Times—the paper credited with developing and naming the modern op-ed page—announced that it was retiring the label, and would instead call submitted opinion pieces "Guest Essays." The move was a result of the transition to online publishing, where there is no concept of physically opposing (adjacent) pages.

State media

State media

State media or government media are media outlets that are under financial and/or editorial control of the state or government, directly or indirectly. There are different types of state and government media. State-controlled or state-run media are under editorial control or influence by the state or government.

RIA Novosti

RIA Novosti

RIA Novosti, sometimes referred to as RIAN (РИАН) or RIA (РИА) is a Russian state-owned domestic news agency. On 9 December 2013 by a decree of Vladimir Putin it was liquidated and its assets and workforce were transferred to the newly created Rossiya Segodnya agency. On 8 April 2014 RIA Novosti was registered as part of the new agency.

National identity

National identity

National identity is a person's identity or sense of belonging to one or more states or to one or more nations. It is the sense of "a nation as a cohesive whole, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture, and language". National identity may refer to the subjective feeling one shares with a group of people about a nation, regardless of one's legal citizenship status. National identity is viewed in psychological terms as "an awareness of difference", a "feeling and recognition of 'we' and 'they'". National identity also includes the general population and diaspora of multi-ethnic states and societies that have a shared sense of common identity identical to that of a nation while being made up of several component ethnic groups. Hyphenated ethnicities are an example of the confluence of multiple ethnic and national identities within a single person or entity.

Denazification

Denazification

Denazification was an Allied initiative to rid German and Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, and politics of the Nazi ideology following the Second World War. It was carried out by removing those who had been Nazi Party or SS members from positions of power and influence, by disbanding or rendering impotent the organizations associated with Nazism, and by trying prominent Nazis for war crimes in the Nuremberg trials of 1946. The program of denazification was launched after the end of the war and was solidified by the Potsdam Agreement in August 1945. The term denazification was first coined as a legal term in 1943 by the U.S. Pentagon, intended to be applied in a narrow sense with reference to the post-war German legal system. However, it later took on a broader meaning.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has likely resulted in tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and caused Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II, with an estimated 8 million people being displaced within the country by late May as well as 7.8 million Ukrainians fleeing the country as of 8 November 2022. Within five weeks of the invasion, Russia experienced its greatest emigration since the 1917 October Revolution. The invasion has also caused global food shortages.

Bucha massacre

Bucha massacre

The Bucha massacre was the mass murder of Ukrainian civilians by Russian Armed Forces during the fight for and occupation of the Ukrainian city of Bucha amid the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Photographic and video evidence of the massacre emerged on 1 April 2022 after Russian forces withdrew from the city.

Bucha, Kyiv Oblast

Bucha, Kyiv Oblast

Bucha is a city in Ukraine's Kyiv Oblast. Administratively, it serves as the administrative center of Bucha Raion. It hosts the administration of Bucha urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Its population is approximately 36,971 . Bucha Day is celebrated in the city between 11 and 13 September.

Genocidal intent

Genocidal intent

Genocidal intent is the mens rea for the crime of genocide. "Intent to destroy" is one of the elements of the crime of genocide according to the 1948 Genocide Convention. There are some analytic differences between the concept of intent under national criminal law, where responsibility for a murder is ascribed to an individual based on their mental state, and international law. Under international law, responsibility falls upon individuals in their capacities as members of certain organizations or other official roles. The intent for genocide is less direct. An international court might look at whether the defendant participated in planning the genocidal acts, perhaps within the auspices of a certain organizational structure, or whether they acted with knowledge of such a preconceived plan.

Content

The article advocates for "brutal censorship" of the Ukrainian culture, large-scale "de-ukrainization" of Ukrainians on the territories occupied by Russia in the 2022 invasion of Ukraine.[4][12][8]

The author insists that Ukraine's ethnocentrism is an artificial perversion,[13] that Ukraine's existence is "impossible" as a nation-state,[12] and that the word "Ukraine" itself cannot be allowed to exist.[3][4] According to the author, Ukraine should be dismantled and replaced with several states under direct control by Russia.[14] He adds that the "ethnic component of self-identification" of Ukraine would also be rejected after its occupation by Russia.[12]

The author claims that "most likely the majority" of Ukrainian civilians are "Nazis" (without knowing it),[12] thus, who "technically" cannot be punished as war criminals, but can be subjected to "denazification".[15] While Sergeytsev notes that there are no Nazi parties, symbols, racist laws, or other evidence of actual Nazism, he counters that by asserting that "Ukrainian Nazism is unique due to its amorphism and ambiguity", which is, per Timothy Snyder, equivalent to a "special Russian definition of Nazism".[5] The author asserts that Banderites are actually marginal to "Ukro-nazism", and that the real menace is Pro-Europeanism.

He claims that Ukrainians must "assimilate the experience" of the war "as a historical lesson and atonement for [their] guilt". After the war, forced labor, imprisonment and the death penalty would be used as punishment. After that, the population would be "integrated" into "Russian civilization".[12] The author describes the planned actions as a "decolonization" of Ukraine.[13][14]

According to Anton Shekhovtsov, writing in Haaretz, the article is an expanded version of a 2016 article by Russian columnist Alexander Zhuchkovsky, who is linked to Russian Imperial Movement. In that article, Zhuchkovsky called for the dehumanization of Ukrainians, saying "It is natural and right, as we are fighting not against people but against enemies, [...] not against people but against Ukrainians."[16]

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Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism in social science and anthropology—as well as in colloquial English discourse—means to apply one's own culture or ethnicity as a frame of reference to judge other cultures, practices, behaviors, beliefs, and people, instead of using the standards of the particular culture involved. Since this judgment is often negative, some people also use the term to refer to the belief that one's culture is superior to, or more correct or normal than, all others—especially regarding the distinctions that define each ethnicity's cultural identity, such as language, behavior, customs, and religion. In common usage, it can also simply mean any culturally biased judgment. For example, ethnocentrism can be seen in the common portrayals of the Global South and the Global North.

Russian allegations of fascism against Ukraine

Russian allegations of fascism against Ukraine

Russian allegations of fascism against Ukraine, alongside pejorative terms Ukronazism, and Kyiv junta, is a claim that Ukraine has been transformed into a fascist / Nazi country or "anti-Russia"; for example, Vladimir Putin has called Ukraine's government "a band of junkies and neo-Nazis". The allegations has become one of the main sources of justification within the Russian Federation for Russo-Ukrainian War; it is also the official Russian justification for their 2022 invasion of Ukraine during the Russo-Ukrainian War.

Denazification

Denazification

Denazification was an Allied initiative to rid German and Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, and politics of the Nazi ideology following the Second World War. It was carried out by removing those who had been Nazi Party or SS members from positions of power and influence, by disbanding or rendering impotent the organizations associated with Nazism, and by trying prominent Nazis for war crimes in the Nuremberg trials of 1946. The program of denazification was launched after the end of the war and was solidified by the Potsdam Agreement in August 1945. The term denazification was first coined as a legal term in 1943 by the U.S. Pentagon, intended to be applied in a narrow sense with reference to the post-war German legal system. However, it later took on a broader meaning.

Kyiv junta

Kyiv junta

Timothy D. Snyder

Timothy D. Snyder

Timothy David Snyder is an American historian specializing in the modern history of Central and Eastern Europe, who is the Richard C. Levin Professor of History at Yale University and a permanent fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna.

Pro-Europeanism

Pro-Europeanism

Pro-Europeanism, sometimes called European Unionism, is a political position that favours European integration and membership of the European Union (EU).

Forced labour

Forced labour

Forced labour, or unfree labour, is any work relation, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence including death, or other forms of extreme hardship to either themselves or members of their families.

Russian civilization

Russian civilization

The Russian civilization is a purported civilization formed by Russians, and a concept used in Russian nationalism and Russian irredentism.

Decolonization

Decolonization

Decolonization or decolonisation is the undoing of colonialism, the latter being the process whereby imperial nations establish and dominate foreign territories, often overseas. Some scholars of decolonization focus especially on independence movements in the colonies and the collapse of global colonial empires. Other scholars extend the meaning to include economic, cultural and psychological aspects of the colonial experience.

Anton Shekhovtsov

Anton Shekhovtsov

Anton Volodymyrovich Shekhovtsov is a Ukrainian academic and writer. He is known for his writings on the European radical right and in particular its connections to Russia. He is the editor of the Explorations of the Far Right book series at ibidem-Verlag and sits on the board of the open source Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies.

Haaretz

Haaretz

Haaretz is an Israeli newspaper. It was founded in 1918, making it the longest running newspaper currently in print in Israel, and is now published in both Hebrew and English in the Berliner format. The English edition is published and sold together with the International New York Times. Both Hebrew and English editions can be read on the internet. In North America, it is published as a weekly newspaper, combining articles from the Friday edition with a roundup from the rest of the week. It is considered Israel's newspaper of record. It is known for its left-wing and liberal stances on domestic and foreign issues.

Russian Imperial Movement

Russian Imperial Movement

The Russian Imperial Movement is a Russian ultranationalist, white supremacist, far-right paramilitary organization which operates out of Russia.

Author

The author of the text, Timofey Sergeytsev [uk], advised Victor Pinchuk projects from 1998 to 2000, including Pinchuk's 1998 parliamentary election campaign in Ukraine, and was a member of the Board of Directors of Interpipe Group.[17]

He was born in 1963.[18] He studied at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1980, where he was a student of Georgy Shchedrovitsky.[19][20]

In 1999, he worked for the presidential campaign of then incumbent Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma. In September 2004, he was a consultant to Viktor Yanukovych. In 2010, he worked with Arseniy Yatsenyuk.[17] During Russia’s 2012 presidential elections, he worked as a consultant for Russian billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov and his party Right Cause.[21] In 2012, Sergeitsev co-produced the Russian feature film Match which was criticized for Ukrainophobia.[22] In 2014, it was banned on the territory of Ukraine as propaganda.[23][24]

According to Der Tagesspiegel, Sergeitsev supports the (since 2015) pro-Putin political party "Civic Platform" financed by one of the oligarchs from Putin's inner circle.[4] According to Euractiv, Sergeitsev is "one of the ideologists of modern Russian fascism".[25]

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Interpipe Group

Interpipe Group

Interpipe Group, or simply Interpipe, is a Ukrainian industrial company, a global producer of steel pipes and railway wheels. Interpipe headquarters and production facilities are located in Nikopol, Ukraine. The network of sales offices covers the key markets of Ukraine, CIS, Middle East, North America, and Europe.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, is a public research university located in Moscow Oblast, Russia. It prepares specialists in theoretical and applied physics, applied mathematics and related disciplines.

Georgy Shchedrovitsky

Georgy Shchedrovitsky

Georgy Petrovich Shchedrovitsky was a Soviet and Russian philosopher and methodologist, public and cultural figure. The creator of the system-thinking methodology, the founder and leader of the Moscow methodological circle, the ideological inspirer of the "methodological movement."

Leonid Kuchma

Leonid Kuchma

Leonid Danylovych Kuchma is a Ukrainian politician who was the second president of Ukraine from 19 July 1994 to 23 January 2005. Kuchma's presidency saw numerous corruption scandals and the lessening of media freedoms.

Arseniy Yatsenyuk

Arseniy Yatsenyuk

Arseniy Petrovych Yatsenyuk is a Ukrainian politician, economist and lawyer who served as Prime Minister of Ukraine twice – from 27 February 2014 to 27 November 2014 and from 27 November 2014 to 14 April 2016.

2012 Russian presidential election

2012 Russian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Russia on 4 March 2012. There were five officially registered candidates: four representatives of registered parties, and one nominal independent. The election was the first one held after constitutional amendments were introduced in 2008, in which the elected president for the first time would serve a six-year term, rather than a four-year term.

Mikhail Prokhorov

Mikhail Prokhorov

Mikhail Dmitrievich Prokhorov is a Russian-Israeli oligarch, politician, and former owner of the Brooklyn Nets. In April 2022, Prokhorov reportedly obtained Israeli citizenship.

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment, Ukrainophobia or anti-Ukrainianism is animosity towards Ukrainians, Ukrainian culture, the Ukrainian language, Ukraine as a nation, or all of the above.

Der Tagesspiegel

Der Tagesspiegel

Der Tagesspiegel is a German daily newspaper. It has regional correspondent offices in Washington D.C. and Potsdam. It is the only major newspaper in the capital to have increased its circulation, now 148,000, since reunification. Der Tagesspiegel is a liberal newspaper that is classified as centrist media in the context of German politics.

Civic Platform (Russia)

Civic Platform (Russia)

Civic Platform is a conservative political party in Russia. The party was formed on 4 June 2012 by businessman and 2012 presidential candidate Mikhail Prokhorov.

Euractiv

Euractiv

Euractiv is a pan-European news website specialised in EU policies, founded in 1999 by the French media publisher Christophe Leclercq. Its headquarters and central editorial staff are located in Brussels,with further offices in Paris and Berlin. Its content is produced by about 50 journalists staffed in Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania, Serbia, and Slovakia.

Rashism

Rashism

Rashism, also known as Ruscism, Russism, or Russian fascism, is a term used by a number of scholars, politicians and publicists to describe the political ideology and social practices of the Russian authorities during the rule of Vladimir Putin. It is also used to refer to the ideology of Russian military expansionism, and has been used as a label to describe an undemocratic system and nationality cult mixed with ultranationalism and a cult of personality. That transformation was described as based on the ideas of the "special civilizational mission" of the Russians, such as Moscow as the third Rome and expansionism, which manifests itself in anti-Westernism and supports regaining Imperial lands by conquest. The term "Rashist" is also widely used by Ukrainian officials and media to more generally identify members of the Russian Armed Forces and supporters of Russian military aggression against Ukraine.

Reactions

Domestic reaction

Dmitry Medvedev, the current deputy chairman of the Security Council of Russia, as well as former president of Russia between 2008 and 2012 and former prime minister of Russia between 2012 and 2020, reiterated the main points of the article a few days after its publication. According to Medvedev, "a passionate segment of Ukrainian society has been praying to the Third Reich",[26] Ukraine is a Nazi state like the Third Reich that must be "denazified" and "eradicated", and the result will be a collapse of Ukraine as a state.[27] Medvedev claims that the collapse is a path towards "open Eurasia from Lisbon to Vladivostok".[27] Medvedev has continued this rhetoric, posting lengthy diatribes against Ukraine aimed at domestic audiences. For example, in his "On Fakes and True History", he claimed that "the very essence of Ukrainianness, fed by anti-Russian venom and lies about its identity, is one big sham.... Ukrainian identity does not exist and never has."[28]

On April 26 of 2022, Putin's national security adviser Nikolai Patrushev said that "the Americans by using their proteges in Kyiv decided to create an antipode of our country, cynically choosing Ukraine for this, trying to divide an essentially single nation" and that "the result of the policy of the West and the Kyiv regime under its control can only be the disintegration of Ukraine into several states".[29]

Russian opposition politician Leonid Gozman, former co-chairman of Right Cause, called Sergeytsev a "scumbag".[21] Andrei Kolesnikov, a political analyst at Carnegie Moscow Center, said that consultants like Sergeytsev can be used to create strategies for authorities but they "don’t have any serious influence on anything".[21]

International reactions

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy said that the article is proof of the Russian Federation's plans to carry out a genocide of Ukrainian citizens.[10] He noted that in order to denote the genocide of Ukrainians in the article the terms "de-Ukrainisation" and "de-Europeanization" were used. In his opinion, this is a part of the evidence for a future tribunal against Russian war crimes in Ukraine.[9][30]

According to a representative of Ukraine at Russian-Ukrainian peace negotiations Mykhailo Podoliak, the article is an official call for mass murders of Ukrainians because of their ethnicity, and will be considered as such by international criminal courts.[11] The Minister of Culture and Information Policy of Ukraine Oleksandr Tkachenko commented:[9]

Cynically, the author speaks about Ukrainian Nazism. When we see exactly the opposite: Russia is mass murdering Ukrainians because of their national identity. What should I call it? I will answer straight away: it is genocide of the Ukrainian people by Russia.

The head of the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Edgars Rinkēvičs called the article "ordinary fascism".[31] Former Canadian ambassador to Ukraine Roman Waschuk said that "It's essentially a rhetorical 'licence to kill' Ukrainians."[3]

Slavoj Žižek called the article "mad ravings" and noted that "Western imperial powers' brutal exploitation of the Global South is a truth that must never be forgotten. But it is strange to hear such talk from Russia, with its long history of such behavior... Now, we are told that Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Ukraine will be "decolonized" by way of... Russian colonization. Territories will be liberated against the will of their people (who will have to be re-educated or otherwise dissolved)" and that "if a new world war is to be avoided, it will be through a "hot peace," with massive military investments sustaining a fragile new balance of power."[32]

Legal

In Germany in April, Bundestag deputy Thomas Heilmann has filed a lawsuit with the Berlin prosecutor against the author of the article. According to Heilmann, the article may be a violation of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide.[33]

In Ukraine in May, the Ukrainian Prosecutor General's Office opened a pre-trial investigation in the case.[34]

The death penalty is forbidden under both Russian and Ukrainian law, as of June 2022.[35] On the 8th of July 2022, a month after it sentenced three prisoners of war to death, the DPR lifted a moratorium on the death penalty.[36]

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Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev is a Russian politician who has been serving as the deputy chairman of the Security Council of Russia since 2020. Medvedev also served as the president of Russia between 2008 and 2012 and prime minister of Russia between 2012 and 2020.

President of Russia

President of Russia

The president of the Russian Federation is the supreme head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces. It is the highest office in Russia.

Lisbon

Lisbon

Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.7 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the Iberian Peninsula, after Madrid and Barcelona. It represents approximately 27% of the country's population. It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost portions of its metro area, the Portuguese Riviera, form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, culminating at Cabo da Roca.

Nikolai Patrushev

Nikolai Patrushev

Nikolai Platonovich Patrushev is a Russian politician, security officer and intelligence officer who has served as the secretary of the Security Council of Russia since 2008. He previously served as the director of the Federal Security Service (FSB) from 1999 to 2008. Belonging to the siloviki faction of president Vladimir Putin's inner circle, Patrushev is believed to be one of the closest advisors to Putin and a leading figure behind Russia's national security affairs. He is considered as very hawkish towards the West and the US and has promoted various conspiracy theories. Patrushev is seen by observers as one of the likeliest candidates for succeeding Putin.

Opposition to Vladimir Putin in Russia

Opposition to Vladimir Putin in Russia

Opposition to the government of President Vladimir Putin in Russia can be divided between the parliamentary opposition parties in the State Duma and the various non-systemic opposition organizations. While the former are largely viewed as being more or less loyal to the government and Putin, the latter oppose the government and are mostly unrepresented in government bodies.

Leonid Gozman

Leonid Gozman

Leonid Yakovlevich Gozman is a Russian politician and president of the all-Russian public movement Union of Right Forces.

Right Cause

Right Cause

The All-Russian Political Party «Right Cause» was an officially registered centre-right Russian political party that existed in 2008–2016, created on the basis of three parties, which declared a liberal orientation.

Andrey Vladimirovich Kolesnikov

Andrey Vladimirovich Kolesnikov

Andrey Vladimirovich Kolesnikov is a Russian journalist, an author of a series of books about Anatoly Chubais.

Carnegie Moscow Center

Carnegie Moscow Center

The Carnegie Moscow Center was a Moscow-based think tank that focuses on domestic and foreign policy. It was established in 1994 as a regional affiliate of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. In April 2022, the Carnegie Moscow Center was forced to close at the direction of the Russian government.

Genocidal intent

Genocidal intent

Genocidal intent is the mens rea for the crime of genocide. "Intent to destroy" is one of the elements of the crime of genocide according to the 1948 Genocide Convention. There are some analytic differences between the concept of intent under national criminal law, where responsibility for a murder is ascribed to an individual based on their mental state, and international law. Under international law, responsibility falls upon individuals in their capacities as members of certain organizations or other official roles. The intent for genocide is less direct. An international court might look at whether the defendant participated in planning the genocidal acts, perhaps within the auspices of a certain organizational structure, or whether they acted with knowledge of such a preconceived plan.

Oleksandr Tkachenko (journalist)

Oleksandr Tkachenko (journalist)

Oleksandr Vladyslavovych Tkachenko is a Ukrainian journalist, CEO and politician who has served as Ukraine's Minister of Culture and Information Policy since 4 June 2020.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Latvia)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Latvia)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for maintaining the Republic of Latvia's external relations and the management of its international diplomatic missions. The actual Minister of Foreign Affairs is Edgars Rinkēvičs, a member of the Unity Party and former State Secretary within Latvia's Ministry of Defence.

Criticism

According to Mika Aaltola, director of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs, the article showed Russian war propaganda "developing in a worrying direction".[37]

According to Latvian-based Russian media Meduza, the article is "essentially a blueprint for the genocide" of Ukrainians.[13]

According to Oxford expert on Russian affairs Samuel Ramani, the article "represents mainstream Kremlin thinking".[26]

The American historian Timothy Snyder wrote that the text "advocates the elimination of the Ukrainian people as such".[38] He later noted that it uses a special definition of the word "Nazi": "a Nazi is a Ukrainian who refuses to admit being a Russian". In his opinion, the article reveals the genocidal intent of Russia.[5]

Slavoj Žižek wrote: "So, Russia plans to do with Ukraine what Bertolt Brecht describes in his 1953 poem "The Solution": dissolve the people and elect another. By reading Sergeytsev's mad ravings alongside Putin's claim that Lenin invented Ukraine, we can discern the current Russian position. Ukraine has two fathers: Lenin, who invented it, and Hitler, who inspired today's “ukronazis” to actualize Lenin's invention... Now, we are told that Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Ukraine will be “decolonized” by way of... Russian colonization. Territories will be liberated against the will of their people (who will have to be re-educated or otherwise dissolved). If a new world war is to be avoided, it will be through a “hot peace,” with massive military investments sustaining a fragile new balance of power. The fragility of the situation stems not just from conflicting economic interests but also from conflicting interpretations of reality, which is not just about settling facts. But simply trying to prove that Russian claims are false misses the point made by Aleksandr Dugin, Putin's court philosopher: “Post-modernity shows that every so-called truth is a matter of believing. So we have our special Russian truth that you need to accept.” Faith, it seems, overrides knowledge. According to the “special Russian truth,” Russia's soldiers left behind no corpses of brutalized civilians in Bucha and other Ukrainian cities and towns; Western propagandists supposedly staged those atrocities. Given these circumstances, Westerners must stop proposing that Zelensky meet with Putin to negotiate a peace settlement... Any eventual negotiations will have to be conducted by lower-level bureaucrats. Putin and his inner circle are criminals who must be ignored as much as possible".[32]

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Mika Aaltola

Mika Aaltola

Mika Aaltola is a Finnish political scientist and director of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs. He has gained media attention during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, which he follows and regularly comments on. Aaltola holds a doctorate in social sciences. He works as docent at Tampere University, and is a part-time professor at Tallinn University.

Finnish Institute of International Affairs

Finnish Institute of International Affairs

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs is an independent research institute located in Töölö, Helsinki, that produces topical information on international relations and the European Union. It also publishes the journal Ulkopolitiikka.

Meduza

Meduza

Meduza is a Russian- and English-language independent news website, headquartered in Riga. It was founded in 2014 by a group of former employees of the then-independent Lenta.ru news website. Free mobile applications for iOS, Windows Phone and Android became the basis of the media.

Genocide

Genocide

Genocide is the intentional destruction of a people—usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group—in whole or in part. Raphael Lemkin coined the term in 1944, combining the Greek word γένος with the Latin suffix -caedo.

Government of Russia

Government of Russia

The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation". The Apparatus of the Government of Russia is a governmental body which administrates the activities of the government.

Genocidal intent

Genocidal intent

Genocidal intent is the mens rea for the crime of genocide. "Intent to destroy" is one of the elements of the crime of genocide according to the 1948 Genocide Convention. There are some analytic differences between the concept of intent under national criminal law, where responsibility for a murder is ascribed to an individual based on their mental state, and international law. Under international law, responsibility falls upon individuals in their capacities as members of certain organizations or other official roles. The intent for genocide is less direct. An international court might look at whether the defendant participated in planning the genocidal acts, perhaps within the auspices of a certain organizational structure, or whether they acted with knowledge of such a preconceived plan.

Slavoj Žižek

Slavoj Žižek

Slavoj Žižek is a Slovenian philosopher, cultural theorist and public intellectual. He is international director of the Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities at the University of London, visiting professor at New York University and a senior researcher at the University of Ljubljana's Department of Philosophy. He primarily works on continental philosophy and political theory, as well as film criticism and theology.

Die Lösung

Die Lösung

"Die Lösung" is a famous satirical German poem by Bertolt Brecht about the East German uprising of 1953. Written in mid-1953, it is critical of the government and was not published at the time. It was first published in 1959 in the West German newspaper Die Welt.

Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Vladimir Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as the first and founding head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Under his administration, Russia, and later the Soviet Union, became a one-party socialist state governed by the Communist Party. Ideologically a Marxist, his developments to the ideology are called Leninism.

Aleksandr Dugin

Aleksandr Dugin

Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin is a Russian political philosopher, analyst, and strategist, known for views widely characterized as fascist.

Source: "What Russia Should Do with Ukraine", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Russia_Should_Do_with_Ukraine.

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Notes
  1. ^ Alternatively, rendered in question format, "What Should Russia Do with Ukraine?"
References
  1. ^ Ball, Tom. "Russia's vision for renaming Ukraine includes executing rebels". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Ukraine 'to be renamed' after war". The Australian. 5 April 2022. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e Brown, Chris (5 April 2022). "A Kremlin paper justifies erasing the Ukrainian identity, as Russia is accused of war crimes". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d Reuter, Benjamin; Stolz, Christopher (4 April 2022). "Russische Nachrichtenagentur ruft zur Vernichtung der Ukraine auf" [Russian news agency calls for annihilation of Ukraine]. Der Tagesspiegel Online (in German) – via Tagesspiegel.
  5. ^ a b c Snyder, Timothy (8 April 2022). "Russia's genocide handbook - The evidence of atrocity and of intent mounts". Thinking about... - Opening the future by understanding the past. Substack. Archived from the original on 11 April 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  6. ^ Снайдер, Тімоті (10 April 2022). "Російський посібник з геноциду" [Russian manual on genocide] (in Ukrainian). NV.ua. Archived from the original on 10 April 2022. Retrieved 10 April 2022.
  7. ^ Ball, Tom. "Russia's vision for renaming Ukraine includes executing rebels". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  8. ^ a b Samantha, Lock; Clayton, Abené; Oladipo, Gloria; Chao-Fong, Léonie; Belam, Martin (5 April 2022). "Zelenskiy says more than 300 people killed and tortured in Bucha – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  9. ^ a b c Котубей, Олеся (4 April 2022). "На державному російському сайті вийшла стаття "Що Росія має зробити з Україною"". Суспільне | Новини (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Article 'What Russia should do with Ukraine' is evidence for future tribunal - Zelensky". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  11. ^ a b "В ОП напомнили России о международных судах из-за статьи о "перевоспитании" украинцев" [The Presidential Office reminded Russia of international courts because of the article on the "re-education" of Ukrainians]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian).
  12. ^ a b c d e "Russian state media: 'Ukronazism' greater threat to world than Hitler". The Jerusalem Post.
  13. ^ a b c "Russia's war against Ukraine Daily updates as Moscow's full-scale invasion enters its second month". Meduza.
  14. ^ a b NACHRICHTEN, n-tv. "Russische Nachrichtenagentur ruft zum Völkermord auf" [Russian news agency calls for genocide]. n-tv.de (in German).
  15. ^ "Killings in Ukraine amount to genocide, Holocaust expert says". The Independent. 4 April 2022.
  16. ^ "The Shocking Inspiration for Putin's Atrocities in Ukraine". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 June 2022.
  17. ^ a b "Державне інформагентство РФ опублікувало текст з обґрунтуванням геноциду в Україні". LB.ua. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  18. ^ "Биография Тимофей Сергейцева. Политолог Тимофей Сергейцев. Тимофей Сергейцев биография - Свободная Пресса". svpressa.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  19. ^ "Тимофей Сергейцев. Биография" [Timofey Sergeytsev. Biography]. Peoples.ru (in Russian).
  20. ^ "Тимофей Сергейцев". ЛитРес (in Russian). Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  21. ^ a b c "Who Is the Author of Russia's 'Blueprint for Genocide' Essay?". The Moscow Times. 7 April 2022.
  22. ^ "KinoKultura".
  23. ^ Body, Some (4 April 2022). "Колумнист РИА "Новости" призвал к "деукраинизации" и репрессиям против украинцев. В соцсетях статью посчитали нацистской — Интернет на TJ". TJ. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  24. ^ "Заборонити слово Україна та репресувати ціле покоління – розкрито плани кремлівських нацистів, які здивували б Гітлера" [Banning the word Ukraine and repressing an entire generation - plans of Kremlin Nazis to surprise Hitler]. www.segodnya.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  25. ^ Rukomeda, Roman (6 April 2022). "'The whole world can observe the clash of civilization and anticivilization'". www.euractiv.com.
  26. ^ a b "'Genocide masterplan': Experts alarmed after Kremlin intellectual calls for 'cleansed' Ukraine". news.yahoo.com.
  27. ^ a b "Wie soll der Krieg in der Ukraine enden? Dieser russische Text lässt Böses erahnen" [How should the war in Ukraine end? This Russian text foreshadows evil]. watson.ch (in Swiss German).
  28. ^ "Medvedev escalates anti-Ukrainian rhetoric". OSW Centre for Eastern Studies. 5 April 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  29. ^ "Патрушев: Запад создал империю лжи, предполагающую уничтожение России". 26 April 2022.
  30. ^ "Zelenskyy on RIA Novosti article: One piece of evidence for a future tribunal". Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  31. ^ Цензор.НЕТ. "Звичайний фашизм, - глава МЗС Латвії щодо статті "Що Росія має зробити з Україною"" [Ordinary fascism - Latvian Foreign Minister on the article "What Russia should do with Ukraine"]. Цензор.НЕТ (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  32. ^ a b "War in a World that Stands for Nothing | by Slavoj Žižek". 18 April 2022.
  33. ^ Лебедева, Ольга (8 April 2022). "Немецкий депутат подал иск на автора статьи о денацификации Украины в РИА "Новости"" [A German MP filed a lawsuit against the author of an article about the denazification of Ukraine in RIA Novosti]. Deutsche Welle (in Russian).
  34. ^ "Ukraine presses charges against author of Russia's manifesto calling for genocide of Ukrainians". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  35. ^ "IBA and IBAHRI strongly condemn the illegal 'trial' and sentencing to death of Aiden Aslin, Shaun Pinner and Brahim Saaudun". www.ibanet.org. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  36. ^ "Ukraine: Russia-backed separatists lift death penalty moratorium". www.aljazeera.com.
  37. ^ "Venäjän propaganda viestii kansanmurhaa - "huolestuttavaa, kammottavaa"" [Russian propaganda signals genocide - "worrying, creepy"]. Verkkouutiset (in Finnish). 4 April 2022. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  38. ^ Snyder, Timothy [@TimothyDSnyder] (5 April 2022). "An article in the official state Russian news agency RIA Novosti..." (Tweet) – via Twitter. An article in the official state Russian news agency RIA Novosti advocates the elimination of the Ukrainian people as such. The text is so despicable that I’m not going to link to it. Will write about it later.
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