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WVOC

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WVOC
Broadcast areaColumbia metropolitan area
Frequency560 kHz
BrandingNews Radio 560 WVOC
Programming
FormatTalk
AffiliationsPremiere Networks
Westwood One
Compass Media Networks
Fox News Radio
Ownership
Owner
WCOS, WCOS-FM, WLTY, WNOK, WXBT
History
First air date
July 10, 1930 (1930-07-10) (as WIS)
Former call signs
WIS (1930–1986)
WVOC (1986–2011)
WXBT (2011–2014)
Call sign meaning
"Voice Of Columbia"
Technical information
Facility ID11902
ClassB
Power5,000 watts
Transmitter coordinates
34°02′00″N 81°08′32″W / 34.03333°N 81.14222°W / 34.03333; -81.14222
Translator(s)103.5 W278CY (Columbia)
Links
WebcastListen Live
Websitewvoc.iheart.com

WVOC (560 AM) – branded News Radio 560 WVOC – is a commercial talk radio station licensed to serve Columbia, South Carolina. Owned by iHeartMedia, Inc., the station covers the Columbia metropolitan area. The WVOC studios and transmitter are located in Columbia. In addition to a standard analog transmission, WVOC is simulcast over low-power FM translator W278CY (103.5 FM),[1] and is available online via iHeartRadio.

WVOC's main signal operates at 5,000 watts around the clock. By day it uses a non-directional signal from a single tower, providing secondary coverage to most of South Carolina and portions of North Carolina and Georgia—as far north as the Charlotte suburbs, as far east as the outer suburbs of Charleston, as far south as the Augusta suburbs, and as far west as the fringes of the Upstate. At night, three towers are used in a directional pattern to protect other stations on 560 AM. This concentrates WVOC's signal in the central part of the state.

Discover more about WVOC related topics

AM broadcasting

AM broadcasting

AM broadcasting is radio broadcasting using amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions. It was the first method developed for making audio radio transmissions, and is still used worldwide, primarily for medium wave transmissions, but also on the longwave and shortwave radio bands.

Columbia, South Carolina

Columbia, South Carolina

Columbia is the capital of the U.S. state of South Carolina. With a population of 136,632 at the 2020 census, it is the second-largest city in South Carolina. The city serves as the county seat of Richland County, and a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County. It is the center of the Columbia metropolitan statistical area, which had a population of 829,470 in 2020 and is the 72nd-largest metropolitan statistical area in the nation. The name Columbia is a poetic term used for the United States, derived from the name of Christopher Columbus, who explored for the Spanish Crown. Columbia is often abbreviated as Cola, leading to its nickname as "Soda City."

Analog transmission

Analog transmission

Analog transmission is a transmission method of conveying information using a continuous signal which varies in amplitude, phase, or some other property in proportion to that information. It could be the transfer of an analog signal, using an analog modulation method such as frequency modulation (FM) or amplitude modulation (AM), or no modulation at all.

FM broadcasting

FM broadcasting

FM broadcasting is the method of radio broadcasting that uses frequency modulation (FM). Invented in 1933 by American engineer Edwin Armstrong, wide-band FM is used worldwide to transmit high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. FM broadcasting offers higher fidelity—more accurate reproduction of the original program sound—than other broadcasting techniques, such as AM broadcasting. It is also less susceptible to common forms of interference, having less static and popping sounds than are often heard on AM. Therefore, FM is used for most broadcasts of music and general audio. FM radio stations use the very high frequency range of radio frequencies.

Broadcast relay station

Broadcast relay station

A broadcast relay station, also known as a satellite station, relay transmitter, broadcast translator (U.S.), re-broadcaster (Canada), repeater or complementary station (Mexico), is a broadcast transmitter which repeats the signal of a radio or television station to an area not covered by the originating station. It expands the broadcast range of a television or radio station beyond the primary signal's original coverage or improves service in the original coverage area. The stations may be used to create a single-frequency network. They may also be used by an AM or FM radio station to establish a presence on the other band.

IHeartRadio

IHeartRadio

iHeartRadio is an American freemium broadcast, podcast and radio streaming platform owned by iHeartMedia. It was founded in August 2008. As of 2019, iHeartRadio was functioning as the national umbrella brand for iHeartMedia's radio network, the largest radio broadcaster in the United States with 128 million registered users as of 2019. Its main competitors are Audacy, TuneIn and Sirius XM.

North Carolina

North Carolina

North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States. The state is the 28th largest and 9th-most populous of the United States. It is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west. In the 2020 census, the state had a population of 10,439,388. Raleigh is the state's capital and Charlotte is its largest city. The Charlotte metropolitan area, with a population of 2,595,027 in 2020, is the most-populous metropolitan area in North Carolina, the 21st-most populous in the United States, and the largest banking center in the nation after New York City. The Raleigh-Durham-Cary combined statistical area is the second-largest metropolitan area in the state and 32nd-most populous in the United States, with a population of 2,043,867 in 2020, and is home to the largest research park in the United States, Research Triangle Park.

Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina; to the northeast by South Carolina; to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean; to the south by Florida; and to the west by Alabama. Georgia is the 24th-largest state in area and 8th most populous of the 50 United States. Its 2020 population was 10,711,908, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Atlanta, a "beta(+)" global city, is both the state's capital and its largest city. The Atlanta metropolitan area, with a population of more than 6 million people in 2021, is the 8th most populous metropolitan area in the United States and contains about 57% of Georgia's entire population.

Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston is the largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston metropolitan area. The city lies just south of the geographical midpoint of South Carolina's coastline on Charleston Harbor, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the confluence of the Ashley, Cooper, and Wando rivers. Charleston had a population of 150,277 at the 2020 census. The 2020 population of the Charleston metropolitan area, comprising Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester counties, was 799,636 residents, the third-largest in the state and the 74th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States.

Augusta, Georgia

Augusta, Georgia

Augusta, officially Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Georgia. The city lies across the Savannah River from South Carolina at the head of its navigable portion. Georgia's third-largest city, Augusta is located in the Fall Line section of the state.

Directional antenna

Directional antenna

A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater radio wave power in specific directions. Directional antennas can radiate radio waves in beams, when greater concentration of radiation in a certain direction is desired, or in receiving antennas receive radio waves from one specific direction only. This can increase the power transmitted to receivers in that direction, or reduce interference from unwanted sources. This contrasts with omnidirectional antennas such as dipole antennas which radiate radio waves over a wide angle, or receive from a wide angle.

560 AM

560 AM

The following radio stations broadcast on AM frequency 560 kHz: The Federal Communications Commission categorizes 560 AM as a regional frequency; the maximum power for any station on this frequency is 5,000 watts.

History

The station signed on as WIS on July 10, 1930.[2] The call letters were derived from South Carolina's nickname "Wonderful Iodine State"; before the modern-day manufacturing of iodized salt, a high level of iodine in the state's soil gave the state's residents "a low incidence of goiters."[3] WIS was the last broadcast station in the United States to have been issued a previously unused call sign with three letters; this assignment took place on January 23, 1930.[4] Soon after signing on, WIS was bought by Liberty Life Insurance Company of Columbia, becoming one of many early radio stations owned by insurance companies in the South.

On October 10, 1931, WIS changed its network affiliation from CBS to the NBC Blue Network.[5] In December 1940, the affiliation was switched to the NBC Red Network.[6]

On November 14, 1949, a two-story studio on Bull Street was completed to house both the radio station and a planned television station. Construction of WIS-TV was authorized January 29, 1953, and the station signed on the air on November 7, 1953.[7] The two stations operated under a newly formed Liberty Insurance subsidiary, the Broadcasting Company of the South. After acquiring several other stations across the country, it changed its name to Cosmos Broadcasting Corporation, with WIS-AM-TV as the flagship stations.

Cosmos pulled out of radio in 1986, and the new owners adopted the call sign WVOC on December 31. The TV station kept the WIS-TV call letters. The radio station had to change its call sign due to a since-repealed FCC rule that barred stations with different ownership from sharing the same call sign. (WVOC had been the call letters of the student radio station at Canisius College in Buffalo, New York, from 1964 to 1976.[8]) The new owners dropped the 56-year affiliation with NBC in favor of CBS Radio News.

WVOC began a talk radio format with mostly syndicated shows, including Rush Limbaugh, Michael Savage, Glenn Beck, Matt Drudge, Kim Komando and Coast to Coast AM. The station also featured a statewide-syndicated sports talk show in evenings.

In 2001, Clear Channel Communications bought the station. WVOC switched its network affiliation to ABC Radio News after signing a deal to run ABC Radio commentator Paul Harvey. In 2005, as part of a corporate-wide change, the station changed to Fox News Radio.

From 1954 until 2002, WIS/WVOC was the flagship for the University of South Carolina college football and basketball, and touted itself as the "Home of the Gamecocks." However, on June 27, 2002, Host Communications, which handled game broadcasts for the university, decided to leave WVOC in favor of rival Citadel Broadcasting stations. The decision put Gamecock athletics on Citadel's FM signals, which had wider coverage than WVOC.

WVOC was the flagship radio station of the May 15, 2007, broadcast of the Fox News Republican Presidential Debate which took place in Columbia.

On October 26, 2011, WVOC began simulcasting on its sister station WXBT, which had previously broadcast an urban contemporary format. That November, WXBT changed its call sign to WVOC-FM. On January 3, 2012, as part of a three-way format swap, the sports radio programming that was on WCOS (1400 AM) was moved to WVOC, and the call sign was changed to WXBT. As part of the swap, WXBT adopted the moniker "SportsRadio 560 The Team."

In 2013, WXBT became an affiliate of Fox Sports Radio after it originally carried ESPN Radio programming.

WXBT fired most of its local hosts in October 2014 owing to poor ratings.[9] That November 6, WXBT switched to a simulcast of WVOC-FM, while its former sports programming moved back to WCOS.[10]

Logo before translator sign on
Logo before translator sign on

The simulcast ended on December 10, when the talk programming moved exclusively to AM 560, which changed its call letters back to WVOC on December 15. WXBT also returned to its previous urban contemporary format; in effect, this move reversed the 2011 format swap. In November 2019, WVOC added an FM translator, W278CY at 103.5 MHz.

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Iodine

Iodine

Iodine is a chemical element with the symbol I and atomic number 53. The heaviest of the stable halogens, it exists as a semi-lustrous, non-metallic solid at standard conditions that melts to form a deep violet liquid at 114 °C (237 °F), and boils to a violet gas at 184 °C (363 °F). The element was discovered by the French chemist Bernard Courtois in 1811 and was named two years later by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, after the Ancient Greek Ιώδης 'violet-coloured'.

WIS (TV)

WIS (TV)

WIS is a television station in Columbia, South Carolina, United States, affiliated with NBC and The CW. The station is owned by Gray Television, and maintains studios on Bull and Gervais Streets in downtown Columbia and a transmitter on Rush Road in rural southwestern Kershaw County, outside Lugoff.

Canisius College

Canisius College

Canisius College is a private Jesuit college in Buffalo, New York. It was founded in 1870 by Jesuits from Germany and is named after St. Peter Canisius. Canisius offers more than 100 undergraduate majors and minors, and around 34 master's and certificate programs.

Buffalo, New York

Buffalo, New York

Buffalo is the second-largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Erie County. It lies in Western New York, at the eastern end of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, near the United States border with Canada. With a population of 278,349 according to the 2020 census, Buffalo is the 78th-largest city in the United States. Buffalo and the city of Niagara Falls together make up the two-county Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which had an estimated population of 1.1 million in 2020, making it the 49th largest MSA in the United States.

Talk radio

Talk radio

Talk radio is a radio format containing discussion about topical issues and consisting entirely or almost entirely of original spoken word content rather than outside music. They may feature monologues, dialogues between the hosts, interviews with guests, and/or listener participation which may be live conversations between the host and listeners who "call in" or via voice mail. Listener contributions are usually screened by a show's producers to maximize audience interest and, in the case of commercial talk radio, to attract advertisers.

Michael Savage

Michael Savage

Michael Alan Weiner, known by his professional name Michael Savage, is a far-right author, conspiracy theorist, political commentator, activist, and former radio host. Savage is best known as the host of The Savage Nation, a nationally syndicated talk show that aired on Talk Radio Network across the United States until 2021, and in 2009 was the second most listened-to radio talk show in the country with an audience of over 20 million listeners on 400 stations across the United States. From October 23, 2012, to January 1, 2021, Michael Savage had been syndicated by Cumulus Media and Westwood One. He holds master's degrees from the University of Hawaii in medical botany and medical anthropology, and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in nutritional ethnomedicine. As Michael Weiner, he has written books on nutrition, herbal medicine, and homeopathy; as Michael Savage, he has written several political books that have reached The New York Times Best Seller list.

Matt Drudge

Matt Drudge

Matthew Nathan Drudge is an American journalist and the creator/editor of the Drudge Report, an American news aggregator. Drudge is also an author and a former radio and television show host.

Paul Harvey

Paul Harvey

Paul Harvey Aurandt was an American radio broadcaster for ABC News Radio. He broadcast News and Comment on mornings and mid-days on weekdays and at noon on Saturdays and also his famous The Rest of the Story segments. From 1951 to 2008, his programs reached as many as 24 million people per week. Paul Harvey News was carried on 1,200 radio stations, on 400 American Forces Network stations, and in 300 newspapers.

Fox News Radio

Fox News Radio

Fox News Radio is an American radio network owned by Fox News. It is syndicated to over 500 AM and FM radio stations across the United States. It also supplies programming for three channels on Sirius XM Satellite Radio.

University of South Carolina

University of South Carolina

The University of South Carolina is a public research university in Columbia, South Carolina. It is the flagship of the University of South Carolina System and has a main campus residing on over 359 acres (145 ha) in downtown Columbia, close to the South Carolina State House. The university is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities with Highest Research Activity". It also houses the largest collection of Robert Burns and Scottish literature materials outside Scotland, and the world's largest Ernest Hemingway collection.

College football

College football

College football refers to gridiron football played by teams of student athletes. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.

Basketball

Basketball

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches in diameter mounted 10 feet high to a backboard at each end of the court, while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one, two or three one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated.

Programming

WVOC personalities Gary David and Christopher Thompson host the morning drive program; The Glenn Beck Program, The Clay Travis and Buck Sexton Show, The Sean Hannity Show, air in late mornings, middays, and afternoons, all of which are from Premiere Networks. The Mark Levin Show (via Westwood One), and Clyde Lewis (via Premiere) air in the evening hours, while Coast to Coast AM (via Premiere) and This Morning, America's First News with Gordon Deal (via Compass Media Networks) air in the overnight hours.

Weekends hosts include Kim Komando, Rudy Maxa, Ron Wilson, Gary Sullivan, Joe Pags, Art Bell and Bill Cunningham.

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The Clay Travis and Buck Sexton Show

The Clay Travis and Buck Sexton Show

The Clay Travis and Buck Sexton Show is an American radio program hosted by former Fox Sports Radio personality Clay Travis and former America Now/The Buck Sexton Show host Buck Sexton. It is broadcast on over 400 talk radio stations nationwide through syndication by Premiere Networks, and is considered the direct successor of The Rush Limbaugh Show.

Premiere Networks

Premiere Networks

Premiere Networks is an American media company, a wholly owned subsidiary of iHeartMedia, for which it currently serves as its main original radio content distribution and production arm. It is the largest syndication company in the United States. Founded independently in 1987, it is headed by Julie Talbott, who serves as president.

The Mark Levin Show

The Mark Levin Show

The Mark Levin Show is a conservative talk radio show hosted by Mark Levin. The program is broadcast nationwide on Westwood One and reaches an estimated seven million weekly listeners, according to an estimate from Talkers Magazine. The Talkers estimate puts Levin's listenership in a tie with The Glenn Beck Radio Program for fourth-most-listened-to talk radio show in the United States and, counting all radio formats, is the seventh-most-listened-to radio program in the United States.

Clyde Lewis

Clyde Lewis

Clyde Lewis is an Australian competitive swimmer. He currently represents the Cali Condors which is part of the International Swimming League. Lewis won the gold medal in the 400 metre individual medley at the 2018 Commonwealth Games despite only gaining a place in the competition because another swimmer Mitch Larkin dropped out. He also bronze medaled in the 200 m individual medley. He also won the gold medal in the 200 metre individual medley at the 2015 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships. He also won a silver medal in the 4 × 200 m freestyle, swimming the second leg. Lewis competed at the 2015 Commonwealth Youth Games where he brought back a total of 8 medals, 5 of them being gold. There, he also set a personal best time in the 50 metre backstroke and the 400 m individual medley.

Coast to Coast AM

Coast to Coast AM

Coast to Coast AM is an American late-night radio talk show that deals with a variety of topics. Most frequently the topics relate to either the paranormal or conspiracy theories. It was hosted by creator Art Bell from its inception in 1988 until 2003, and is currently hosted by George Noory. The program is distributed by Premiere Networks, a subsidiary of iHeartMedia, both as part of its talk network and separately as a syndicated program. The program now airs seven nights a week from 1:00–5:00 a.m. Eastern Time Zone. It appears on over 600 affiliates, and has repeatedly been called the most popular overnight show in the country.

Compass Media Networks

Compass Media Networks

Compass Media Networks is an American radio network. The company launched in January 2009. It is owned by former Westwood One CEO and former COO of Connoisseur Media, Peter Kosann. The company focuses on radio and offers representation and marketing services for national radio.

Kim Komando

Kim Komando

Kimberly Ann Komando is the host of two daily radio shows and one weekend radio show about consumer technology. On her weekly call-in show, she provides advice about technology gadgets, websites, smartphone apps, and internet security.

Rudy Maxa

Rudy Maxa

Rudy Maxa was born in 1949 and is an American consumer travel expert.

Ron Wilson (Clear Channel radio host)

Ron Wilson (Clear Channel radio host)

Ron Wilson is the host of the American nationally syndicated gardening tips and call-in program "In the Garden with Ron Wilson" which airs Saturdays from 6 to 9 a.m., Eastern Time, on many talk radio stations owned by iHeartMedia, Inc. The show originates from 550 WKRC in Cincinnati, Ohio, and is syndicated via iHeart-owned Premiere Networks.

Joe Pags

Joe Pags

Joseph John Pagliarulo, also known on the air as Joe Pags, is an American nationally syndicated conservative television and radio talk show host.

Art Bell

Art Bell

Arthur William Bell III was an American broadcaster and author. He was the founder and the original host of the paranormal-themed radio program Coast to Coast AM, which is syndicated on hundreds of radio stations in the United States and Canada. He also created and hosted its companion show Dreamland. Coast to Coast still airs nightly.

Bill Cunningham (talk show host)

Bill Cunningham (talk show host)

William Daniel Cunningham is an American radio and television talk show host, conservative commentator, attorney, and entrepreneur.

Source: "WVOC", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WVOC.

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References
  1. ^ "News Bites: 'Jingle Ball Pre-Show Village,' 'Cruz Cares,' Jed The Fish, Dr. Drew Pinsky". Insideradio.com. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
  2. ^ "WIS History". WIS-TV. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
  3. ^ "WIS - Columbia/Florence, South Carolina". Raycom Media. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
  4. ^ White, Thomas H. (2012-01-01). "Mystique of the Three-Letter Callsigns". Retrieved 2012-01-10.
  5. ^ "WWNC, WIS Join NBC" (PDF). Broadcasting. October 15, 1931. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. ^ "(photo caption)" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 1, 1941. p. 16. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  7. ^ Telecasting Yearbook 1955-1956 page 236
  8. ^ http://repox.metro.org/dpla-submission-precheck/viewoai.php?identifier=oai:repox.ist.utl.pt:p16694coll82:oai:cdm16694.contentdm.oclc.org:p16694coll82/773&set=p16694coll82
  9. ^ "Gillespie: Bottom line drives changes at stations such as 560 the Team | Sports | the State". Archived from the original on 2014-12-08. Retrieved 2014-12-07.
  10. ^ "WVOC Columbia Returns To 560; Sports Moves Back To 1400". RadioInsight. 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
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