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Visa requirements for United States citizens

From Wikipedia, in a visual modern way
A United States passport with biometric chip.
A United States passport with biometric chip.

As of 15 July 2022, holders of a United States passport may travel to 186 countries and territories without a travel visa, or with a visa on arrival. The United States passport currently ranks[Note 1] 7th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Belgium, New Zealand, Norway, and Switzerland) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] It is also ranked 3rd by the Global Passport Power Rank.[2]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for holders of regular United States passports  .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  United States   Freedom of movement   Visa-free access   Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa   Visa available both on arrival or online   Visa issued upon arrival   Visa required prior to arrival   Travel ban imposed by the U.S. federal government
Visa requirements for holders of regular United States passports
  United States
  Freedom of movement
  Visa-free access
  Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Visa required prior to arrival
  Travel ban imposed by the U.S. federal government

Visa requirements

General visa requirements of sovereign countries towards United States citizens:

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[3][4]
  • Visitors born in Afghanistan do not require a visa.
  • Visitors arriving via military air need to legalize their stay if they wish to leave via commercial airline.
  • All visitors are fingerprinted.[5]
Yes
 Albania Visa not required[6][7] 360 days No
 Algeria Visa required[8][9]
  • Persons may be denied entry if entering with a passport containing visas or stamps issued by Israel.
Yes
 Andorra Visa not required[10] 3 months[11][12] Yes
 Angola eVisa[13][14][15] 30 days
  • 30 days extendable once.[16]
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested a pre-visa from an Angolan consulate abroad are issued a visa upon arrival at the country's border crossings.[16]
  • Maximum total stay of 90 days within a one-year period.[17]
  • Visitors must have a return/onward ticket and a hotel reservation confirmation.[18]
  • International Certificate of Vaccination required.[16]
No
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[19][20] 6 months[21]
  • Stringent application of rules regarding proof of sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation.[22]
No
 Argentina Visa not required[23] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180 days.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.
No
 Armenia Visa not required[24] 180 days No
 Australia Electronic Travel Authority[25] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted[26]
  • May enter using SmartGate.[27]
Yes
 Austria Visa not required[28][29] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area[30]
  • Residence permit (Aufenthaltstitel) for stays of longer than 90 days obtainable after arrival under certain conditions.
Yes
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[31] 30 days[32]
  • If staying in Azerbaijan for more than ten days, visitors must register at the State Migration Service within three days of arrival.[33][34]
  • Applicants of Armenian ancestry or with Armenian visas in their passport may be denied a visa.[35]
  • Can obtain a 30 days visa on arrival only if arriving on a direct flight on Azerbaijan Airlines from New York City.[36]
No
 Bahamas Visa not required[37][38] 8 months
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
No
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[39] 14 days[40]
  • Visa also obtainable online[41]
No
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[42] 30 days[43]
  • Available at international airports in Dhaka, Chittagong, and Sylhet.
  • No visa required for Bangladeshi Americans and their spouse and children with a copy of a former Bangladeshi passport, a Dual Nationality Certificate, NVR, a Bangladeshi NID, or a digital birth registration certificate.[44]
  • Departure tax applies.[45]
No
 Barbados Visa not required[46][47] 6 months[48] No
 Belarus Visa required[49]
  • Registration upon arrival for stays longer than 5 days is mandatory.
  • No transit without a visa under any circumstance.[50]
Yes
 Belgium Visa not required[51] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area[52]
  • Residence permit (Titre de séjour/Verblijfstitel/Aufenthaltstitel) obtainable after arrival for stays longer than 90 days under certain conditions.
Yes
 Belize Visa not required[53][54] 30 days[55]
  • Departure tax applies.[56]
No
 Benin eVisa[57][58] 30 days No
 Bhutan Visa required[60]
  • Sustainable Development Fee of $200 per day for almost all visitors to Bhutan.[61]
 Bolivia Visa required[62][63]
  • Beginning February 8, 2021, all U.S. citizens visiting Bolivia for tourism will be required to obtain a tourist visa.
No
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[64][65] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[66]
No
 Botswana Visa not required[67][68] 90 days
  • 90 days within any one-year period[69]
No
 Brazil Visa not required[70][71] 90 days
  • Up to 90 days per visit, but no more than 180 days per year.
No
 Brunei Visa not required[72][73] 90 days Yes
 Bulgaria Visa not required[74][75] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[76]
No
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[77] 1 month No
 Burundi Visa on arrival[79] 1 month No
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[81] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[82]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted upon arrival and departure.[83]
No
 Cameroon Visa required[84]
 Canada Visa not required[86][87] 6 months
  • Anyone with a criminal record (including misdemeanors or alcohol-related driving offenses in the US) may not be able to enter Canada without first obtaining an approval for rehabilitation[88] or a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP).[89]
  • Passport Card, NEXUS card, or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
  • Proof of COVID-19 vaccine required for tourists for travel before October 1, 2022.[90]
Yes
 Cape Verde Visa not required[91] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[92]
No
 Central African Republic Visa not required[93][94][95] 180 days No
 Chad Visa required[97][98]
 Chile Visa not required[101] 90 days[102][103]
  • Proof of COVID-19 vaccine, negative PCR test, and health insurance is required.[104]
Yes
 China Visa required[105]
  • Registration mandatory within 24 hours of arrival.[106]
  • All visitors between the ages of 14 and 70 are fingerprinted upon arrival and departure.
  • Visas for U.S. citizens are valid for up to 10 years.[108]
 Colombia Visa not required[109][110] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period[111]
  • Colombian-born U.S. citizens and U.S. citizens traveling with children may face special exit requirements.[112]
No
 Comoros Visa on arrival[113][114] No
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[115][116]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo eVisa[118][119][120] 7 days
 Costa Rica Visa not required[122] 90 days
  • Departure tax applies.[123]
No
 Croatia Visa not required[124][125] 90 days Yes
 Cuba Travel restricted[127] 30 days
  • Tourist travel is prohibited under U.S. law for U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and others subject to U.S. jurisdiction.[128] Under the Cuban Assets Control Regulations, all persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are not permitted to travel to Cuba, and must be licensed in order to engage in any travel-related transactions pursuant to travel to, from, and within Cuba.
 Cyprus Visa not required[129][130] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[131]
No
 Czech Republic Visa not required[132][133] 90 days Yes
 Denmark Visa not required[135][136] 90 days
  • U.S. citizens can enter Denmark for up to 3 months every six months, regardless of whether they have stayed in other Schengen countries prior to entry into Denmark.[137]
Yes
 Djibouti eVisa[138] 31 days No
 Dominica Visa not required[139][140] 6 months
  • Departure tax applies.[141]
No
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[142][143] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 90 days
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for sea travel
No
 Ecuador Visa not required[144] 90 days
  • Extendable for another 90 days, per year[145]
No
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[146] 30 days No
 El Salvador Visa not required[149][150] 3 months No
 Equatorial Guinea Visa not required[151] 90 days No
 Eritrea Visa required[153]
  • Airport departure tax applies.[154]
 Estonia Visa not required[155][156] 90 days Yes
 Eswatini Visa not required[158] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 60 days[159]
No
 Ethiopia eVisa[160] up to 90 days
  • Visitors are fingerprinted
No
 Fiji Visa not required[163] 4 months[164] No
 Finland Visa not required[165][166] 90 days Yes
 France Visa not required[168][169] 90 days Yes
 Gabon eVisa[175] 6 months No
 Gambia Visa on arrival[178][179]
 Georgia Visa not required[181] 1 year No
 Germany Visa not required[182] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area[183]
  • Residence permit (Aufenthaltstitel) for stays of longer than 90 days obtainable after arrival under certain conditions.
Yes
 Ghana Visa required[184][185]
 Greece Visa not required[187][188] 90 days Yes
 Grenada Visa not required[190][191] 3 months
  • Extensions possible
No
 Guatemala Visa not required[192] 90 days No
 Guinea eVisa[194] up to 5 years No
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[196] 90 days[197]
  • Visitors must apply for a visa on arrival in advance or online.[198]
No
 Guyana Visa not required[199] 3 months[200] No
 Haiti Visa not required[201][202] 3 months No
 Honduras Visa not required[203] 3 months No
 Hungary Visa not required[204][205] 90 days Yes
 Iceland Visa not required[207][208] 90 days Yes
 India eVisa[210] 180 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 2] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 3][211]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  • $100 fee along with bank surcharge of 2.5%[212]
  • Visitors are fingerprinted.
  • American citizens are eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa.[213]
  • American citizens of Pakistani heritage are not eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa, and must apply for a regular visa.
No
 Indonesia Visa on arrival[214][215] 30 days No
 Iran Visa required[216]
  • Iranian visas must be obtained from the Iranian Interests section of the Embassy of Pakistan, Washington, D.C. or an Iranian embassy in a third country.[217]
  • U.S. visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.[218]
  • Independent travelers must be accompanied by an authorized guide at all times.
  • Tourists for Kish Island do not require a visa for a total of 14 days.[219]
 Iraq Visa on arrival[220] 60 days
  • U.S. citizens can apply for on-arrival visas at approved land, sea, and air border crossings.
No
 Ireland Visa not required[221][222] 3 months
  • Strict application of immigration rules regarding providing proof of the trip purpose, sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation.[223]
  • Residence permit for stays of longer than 90 days obtainable after arrival under certain conditions.
Yes
 Israel Visa not required[224] 3 months
  • Dual nationals of Israel and the United States who don't have an Israeli passport, including infants, may be required to obtain an Israeli passport in order to leave Israel.[225]
  • Entry prohibited for any person "who knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel".[226]
No
 Italy Visa not required[227][228] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area[229]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area may allow 90 days of stay in Italy regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries.[173]
Yes
 Ivory Coast eVisa[230] 3 months No
 Jamaica Visa not required[232] 6 months
  • There is a departure tax for travelers, which is regularly included in airfare.[233]
Yes
 Japan Visa not required[234] 3 months
  • Japan is reopening to individual travelers but needed to obtain visas from travel agencies organized by Japanese government. All visitors are fingerprinted and photographed.[235]
  • Beginning on October 11, 2022, U.S. citizens may enter Japan without a visa for stays not exceeding 90 days.
Yes
 Jordan Visa on arrival[236] 30 days No
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[239][240] 30 days
  • As part of the no-visa pilot program in period July 15, 2014 – July 15, 2015. In June 2015 this program was extended until December 31, 2017.[241][242]
No
 Kenya eVisa[243][244] 3 months No
 Kiribati Visa not required[246] 30 days
  • Airport Embarkation Tax applies.[247]
No
 North Korea Travel restricted[248][249][250]
  • U.S. passports holders must obtain a special passport validation from the U.S. federal government before travel.
 South Korea Electronic Travel Authority (K-ETA)[251] 90 days
  • All visitors are fingerprinted. From September 2021, travellers require a K-ETA, issued for a fee of 10,000 won.[252][253]
Yes
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[254] 3 months No
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[255] 60 days[256] No
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[257][258] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane international airports, the 4 Thai-Lao Friendship Bridges,[Note 4] 13 border crossings,[Note 5] and Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane.[259] Visa on arrival facilities will be gradually phased out starting in January 2020.[260]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge.
  • The Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou border crossings are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
No
 Latvia Visa not required[261][262] 180 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area[263]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area allows an additional 90 days of stay in Latvia (to a total of 180) regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries.[264]
Yes
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[265] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months.
  • Granted free of charge if there is no Israeli visa or seal and traveler has a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
No
 Lesotho Visa not required[266] 14 days
  • Extendable up to 180 days.[267]
No
 Liberia Visa required[268]
 Libya Visa required[270]
  • Visitors travelling to Libya for touristic purposes are required to convert US$1,000 or equivalent on arrival.
  • Holders of passports bearing an Israeli visa or entry/exit stamps from Israel are not allowed to enter Libya.[271]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[272] 90 days Yes
 Lithuania Visa not required[274][275] 90 days Yes
 Luxembourg Visa not required[277][278] 90 days Yes
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[280] 90 days No
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[281][282]
  • From October 1, 2015, visitors are generally advised to obtain a visa in advance.[283]
No
 Malaysia Visa not required[284] 3 months
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure.[285]
  • Immigration offenses, such as visa overstaying, are punishable by caning.
No
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[286][287] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 90 days.
No
 Mali Visa required[288][289]
 Malta Visa not required[291][292] 90 days Yes
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[294] Unlimited Yes
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[296] No
 Mauritius Visa not required[298] 60 days[299] No
 Mexico Visa not required[300][301] 180 days
  • Visitors must obtain a Forma Migratoria Multiple. There is no charge for a tourist FMM for stays of less than 7 days when entering by land. For visitors staying more than 7 days and entering by land the cost is MXN$575. An FMM is required for all visitors entering via air, regardless of length of stay, and the cost is included in the traveler's airfare and remitted by the airline.[302][303]
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
No
 Micronesia Visa not required[304] Unlimited[305]
  • All states except Yap have a departure fee.[306]
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in Micronesia under the Compact of Free Association.
  • There is no limit to the length of time U.S. citizens can remain in the FSM.[307]
Yes
 Moldova Visa not required[308] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • Registration upon arrival is mandatory.[309]
No
 Monaco Visa not required[310] 90 days Yes
 Mongolia Visa not required[313] 90 days
  • Registration required after 30 days.[314]
No
 Montenegro Visa not required[315] 90 days
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[316]
No
 Morocco Visa not required[317] 3 months[318] No
 Mozambique eVisa / Visa on arrival[319][320] 30 days[321] No
 Myanmar eVisa[322] 28 days No
 Namibia Visa not required[323] 3 months[324] No
 Nauru Visa required[325] 30 days
  • Visas are issued with validity of 30 days.[326]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[327] 90 days
  • Obtainable at Tribhuvan International Airport and certain land borders.
  • Total aggregate stay of no more than 150 days in any given calendar year.[328]
  • US Citizens are eligible for five-year multiple entry visas.
No
 Netherlands Visa not required[329][330] 90 days Yes
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[333] 3 months[334][335] Yes
 Nicaragua Visa not required[338] 90 days No
 Niger Visa required[340][98]
 Nigeria Visa required[342][343]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[344] 90 days
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory[345]
No
 Norway Visa not required[346][347] 90 days
  • 3 months within a 6-month period, regardless of previous time spent in other Schengen countries, but including time spent in other Nordic countries.[348][349]
Yes
 Oman Visa not required / eVisa[350] 14 days / 30 days
  • Visa exemption valid for 10 days [351]
  • Holders of a visa or entrance stamp of the Emirate of Dubai that is valid for at least 21 days are visa exempt.[352]
  • Holders of a visa for Qatar that is valid for travel to Oman and valid for at least one month are visa exempt when arriving directly from Qatar.[353]
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival.[238]
No
 Pakistan ETA / eVisa[354] 30 days
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[355]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[356]
  • Online Visa eligible.[357]
No
 Palau Visa not required[358] 1 year[359]
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in Palau under the Compact of Free Association.
  • As of January 1, 2018, every visitor coming to Palau will be assessed a $100 environmental fee.
Yes
 Panama Visa not required[360] 180 days
  • Denial of entry or transit to any person who has a criminal conviction.[361]
No
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Visa on arrival[362] 60 days
  • Extendable for 30 days[363]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
  • Visa on Arrival is currently suspended.
No
 Paraguay Visa not required[364] 90 days
  • Effective October 12, 2021, U.S. citizens are no longer required to obtain a tourist visa for stays of up to 90 days.[365]
No
 Peru Visa not required[366] 90 days
  • Determined on arrival[367]
No
 Philippines Visa not required[368][369] 30 days
  • Naturalized US citizens of former Philippine nationality (balikbayan) allowed to stay for one year.
No
 Poland Visa not required[370] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area.
  • Dual nationals must use their Polish passport.[371]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area allows a stay in Poland regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries.[372][373][174]
Yes
 Portugal Visa not required[374][375][376] 90 days Yes
 Qatar Visa not required[378] 30 days No
 Romania Visa not required[379][380] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.[381]
No
 Russia Visa required[382]
  • 72-hour visa-free transit for international cruise ship/ferry passengers only if travelling with an organized tour and accompanied at all times by a tour operator.
  • Registration required after 7 business days.[383][384]
  • American citizens may receive multiple-entry visas valid for three years.[385]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[386][387] 30 days No
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[389][390] 3 months No
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[391][392] 6 weeks No
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[393] 6 months[394] No
 Samoa Free Entry permit on arrival[395] 60 days
  • Departure tax applies.[396]
No
 San Marino Visa not required[397][398] Yes
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[399] 15 days No
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[401][402] 90 days No
 Senegal Visa not required[403] 90 days No
 Serbia Visa not required[405] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[406]
No
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[407] 3 months
  • Extendable up to a year[408]
No
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[409] No
 Singapore Visa not required[411] 90 days[412]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted upon arrival and departure[413]
Yes
 Slovakia Visa not required[414][415] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area.
  • Medical insurance required.
  • Sufficient funds of $50 per person per day required.
  • Registration within 3 working days required.[416]
Yes
 Slovenia Visa not required[417][418] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area.
  • Registration with the local police required within 72 hours of arrival.[419]
Yes
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[420] 3 months
  • 3 months within 12 months[421]
No
 Somalia Visa on arrival[422] No
 South Africa Visa not required[423] 90 days
  • Holders of passports without 2 blank pages may be refused entry.[424]
No
 South Sudan eVisa[425] No
 Spain Visa not required[427][428] 90 days Yes
 Sri Lanka ETA / Visa on arrival[430] 30 days[431]
  • Visa on arrival with Electronic Travel Authorization
No
 Sudan Visa required[432][433]
  • Holders of passports that contain visas or entry/exit stamps for Israel may be refused entry.
  • Exit visa required.
  • Registration within 3 days mandatory.[434]
 Suriname Visa not required[435] 90 days
  • An entrance fee of 25 USD or 25 Euros must be paid online prior to arrival.[436]
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[437]
No
 Sweden Visa not required[438][439] 90 days Yes
 Switzerland Visa not required[441][442] 90 days Yes
 Syria Travel restricted[444][445]
  • Registration required within 15 days.
  • Departure tax applies at all borders.
  • Persons with passports bearing Israeli visas or entry/exit stamps are not allowed to enter.[446]
  • Visas are not currently available to United States residents.[445]
  • Visa not required for foreign citizens with proof of Syrian origin, such as an identification card or passport
  • Dual-Citizen Males ages 17–42 need military service book
  • If not forgiven by the military, dual-citizens may apply for a visit visa once a year through the embassy
Taiwan Taiwan[447] Visa not required 90 days[448] Visitors fingerprinted
 Tajikistan Visa not required[449][450] 30 days
  • eVisa also available.
  • eVisa holders can enter through all border points.[451]
No
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[452][453][454] 3 months
  • Ordinary visa available on arrival for $100[455]
No
 Thailand Visa not required[456] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
No
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[457] 30 days
  • For arrivals by air only[458]
No
 Togo Visa on arrival[459] 7 days[460] No
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[461][462] 31 days No
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[463] 90 days[464] No
 Tunisia Visa not required[465] 90 days[466] No
 Turkey eVisa[467][468] 3 months
  • Single or multiple entry visa[469]
No
 Turkmenistan Visa required[470]
  • Departure fee applies.[471]
  • 10-day visa on arrival if holding letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan with a prior approval from the Foreign Ministry.[472]
 Tuvalu Free visa on arrival[473] 1 month
  • Extendable up to 3 months[474]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
No
 Uganda eVisa[475] 90 days
  • Determined at the port of entry.
  • Must apply online at least 2 business days prior to travel.[476] As of March 2017, airlines may deny passengers permission to board flights to Uganda without proof that they had successfully applied for an eVisa. Ugandan immigration authorities may require additional documentation, including proof of a return plane ticket and detailed tour itinerary in Uganda.
  • International Certificate of Vaccination required.[477]
No
 Ukraine Visa not required[478] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[479]
No
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[480][481] 30 days
  • Extension possible with a fee
  • Iris scan taken on arrival
  • U.S. passport holders can sign up for E-Gate access on arrival/departure at Dubai International Airport
No
 United Kingdom Visa not required[482][483] 6 months[484] Yes
 Uruguay Visa not required[485] 3 months[486] No
 Uzbekistan eVisa[487][488] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit at the international airports if holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[489]
  • Registration within 3 days is mandatory.[490]
No
 Vanuatu Visa not required[491] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 120 days[492]
No
  Vatican City Visa not required[493] No
 Venezuela Visa required[494]
 Vietnam eVisa[494] 30 days No
 Yemen Visa required[498][499]
  • Registration mandatory.
  • Exit visa required for stays over 30 days.[500]
 Zambia Visa not required[501] 90 days No
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[504] 3 months
  • Tourism purposes only.[505]
  • Electronic visa also available.[506]
No

Territories or administrative subdivisions with different visa policies

Visa requirements for United States citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries not mentioned in the list above, recognized administrative subdivisions that operate on different visa policies and restricted zones:

Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
Africa
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[507]
 Ascension Island eVisa[508][509] 3 months
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Visa Free with Payment Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[510]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[511]
 Mayotte Visa not required[512] 90 days
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara, same entry requirements with Morocco, controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days 60 US dollars, payable on arrival, or 80 US dollars at the Somaliland Mission in Alexandria, VA.[513]
 Réunion Visa not required[514] 90 days
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[515]
Asia
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[516]
China Hainan Visa not required when travelling as part of a tour group Visa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (2 or more people)[517][518]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 90 days[519]
India Protected and restricted areas of India PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[520][521][522][523][524][525]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa stamp on arrival for 30 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports for $70.
Kazakhstan Baikonur & Priozersk Special permission required Special permission required for the city of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Priozersk near Almaty.[526]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Tourists for Kish Island do not require a visa.[218]
 Macau Visa not required 30 days[527]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[528]
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required Tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of the Maldives.[529]
Saudi Arabia Mecca and Medina Special access required Non-Muslims and those following the Ahmadiyya religious movement are strictly prohibited from entry.
India North Sentinel Island Travel restricted Travel to anywhere within five nautical miles of the island requires very special permission from the Indian government, regardless of nationality.
 Palestine Visa not required Travel to Gaza Strip may be restricted .[530]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[531][532][533]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[534]
Turkmenistan Closed cities of Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[535]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[496]
 Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[500]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[536]
 Aruba Visa not required 30 days For stays longer than 30 days, see Aruba’s extension of stay upon entry requirements.[537][538]
 Bermuda Visa not required 6 months Decided on arrival.[539]
Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) Visa not required 180 days Up to 180 days every 365 days[540][541]
Up to 180 days every 365 days, If US citizens want to work or do an internship, a maximum stay of 90 days per 365 days without a Declaration of Admittance by Law applies.
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days Extensions possible[542]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[543]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[544]
 Curaçao Visa not required 6 months Maximum consecutive period of six months each calendar year. [545]
France French West Indies Visa not required 3 months French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy[546]
 Greenland Visa not required[547]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required All visitors are fingerprinted.[548]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 6 months Maximum stay allowed is 6 months uninterrupted with the

possibility to extend[549][550]

 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[551]
Europe
 Abkhazia Visa required[552]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[553][554]
Ukraine ATO zone Special permission required[555]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required 10 days[556]
 Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[557]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[558]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[559]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[560] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[547]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[561]
 Guernsey Visa not required[562]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[563]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[561] 24 hours Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[564] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[565]
 Jersey Visa not required[566]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[567]
 Artsakh Visa required[568][569] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[570]
Russia Closed cities of Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[384]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[571][572]
 Svalbard Visa not required[573] Unlimited Anyone may live and work freely in Svalbard per the Svalbard Treaty.
 Transnistria Visa not required 24 hours Registration required after 24h.[574][575]
Oceania
American Samoa American Samoa Freedom of movement Unlimited
  • Passport is required for entry because American Samoans, by law, are not US citizens; rather they are US nationals.
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in American Samoa.[576]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[577]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[578]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[579]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[164]
 French Polynesia Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any 180-day period[580]
Guam Guam Freedom of movement Unlimited U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in Guam. Passport/EDL is required for entry.[581][582]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[583]
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Freedom of movement Unlimited U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in the Northern Mariana Islands. Passport/EDL is required for entry.[584]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days Visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[585][586][587]
 Tokelau Entry permit required[588]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[589][590][591][592][593][594][595]
South America
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[596]
France French Guiana Visa not required 3 months[597] International Certificate of Vaccination required.
South Atlantic and Antarctica
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[598]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[599][600]
 Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[601][602][603][604][605][606][607][608][609][610][611][612]

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Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central Asia and South Asia. Referred to as the Heart of Asia, it is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north, Tajikistan to the northeast, and China to the northeast and east. Occupying 652,864 square kilometers (252,072 sq mi) of land, the country is predominantly mountainous with plains in the north and the southwest, which are separated by the Hindu Kush mountain range. As of 2021, its population is 40.2 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks. Kabul is the country's largest city and serves as its capital.

Albania

Albania

Albania, officially the Republic of Albania, is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is located on the Adriatic and Ionian Seas within the Mediterranean Sea and shares land borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south. The country displays varied climatic, geological, hydrological, and morphological conditions, in an area of 28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi). The landscape ranges from the snow-capped mountains in the Albanian Alps and the Korab, Skanderbeg, Pindus, and Ceraunian Mountains, to the hot and sunny coasts of the Adriatic and Ionian Seas along the Mediterranean. Tirana is its capital and largest city, followed by Durrës, Vlorë, and Shkodër.

Algeria

Algeria

Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia; to the east by Libya; to the southeast by Niger; to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara; to the west by Morocco; and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered part of the Maghreb region of North Africa. It has a semi-arid geography, with most of the population living in the fertile north and the Sahara dominating the geography of the south. Algeria covers an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), making it the world's tenth largest nation by area, and the largest nation in Africa, being more than 200 times as large as the smallest country in the continent, The Gambia. With a population of 44 million, Algeria is the ninth-most populous country in Africa, and the 32nd-most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city is Algiers, located in the far north on the Mediterranean coast.

Andorra

Andorra

Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south. Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the count of Urgell until 988, when it was transferred to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell. The present principality was formed by a charter in 1278. It is headed by two co-princes: the bishop of Urgell in Catalonia, Spain and the president of France. Its capital and largest city is Andorra la Vella.

Angola

Angola

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country located on the west coast of Southern Africa. It is the second-largest Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in both total area and population, and is the seventh-largest country in Africa. It is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda, that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and most populous city is Luanda.

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign country in the West Indies. It lies at the juncture of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean in the Leeward Islands part of the Lesser Antilles, at 17°N latitude.

Argentina

Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country in the southern half of South America. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), making it the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world. It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and a part of Antarctica.

Armenia

Armenia

Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked country in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region; and is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the Lachin corridor and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. Yerevan is the capital, largest city and the financial center.

Australia

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.

Austria

Austria

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a country in the southern part of Central Europe, lying in the Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine states, one of which is the capital, Vienna, the most populous city and state. A landlocked country, Austria is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The country occupies an area of 83,871 km2 (32,383 sq mi) and has a population of 9 million.

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a transcontinental country located at the boundary of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the South Caucasus region and is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia and Turkey to the west, and Iran to the south. Baku is the capital and largest city.

Azerbaijan Airlines

Azerbaijan Airlines

Azerbaijan Airlines, also known as AZAL, is the flag carrier and largest airline of the country of Azerbaijan. Based in Baku, adjacent to Heydar Aliyev International Airport, the carrier operates to destinations across Asia, the CIS, Europe and the USA. Azerbaijan Airlines is a member of the International Air Transport Association. The airline was founded on 7 April 1992 as the first national airline established after the country gained its independence.

Pre-approved visas pick-up

Pre-approved visas can be picked up on arrival in the following countries instead in embassy or consulate.

Pre-approved
visas pick-up
on arrival
Conditions
 Bhutan[613] For a maximum stay of 15 days if the application was submitted at least 2 and a half months before arrival and if the clearance was obtained.
 Cameroon[614] Must hold approval from the General Delegate of Security.
 Eritrea[615] Must have a sponsor who must submit an application at least 48 hours before arrival.
 Liberia[616] Available only if arriving from a country without a diplomatic mission of Liberia and if a sponsor obtained an approval.
 Nigeria[617] Holders of a visa application who have a Nigerian company taking responsibility for them.
 Sudan[618] Holders of an entry permit issued by the Ministry of Interior.
 Turkmenistan[619] Holders of an invitation letter from the local company that was approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Bhutan

Bhutan

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is situated in the Eastern Himalayas, between China in the north and India in the south. A mountainous country, Bhutan is known locally as "Druk Yul" or "Land of the Thunder Dragon". Nepal and Bangladesh are located near Bhutan but do not share a land border. The country has a population of over 727,145 and territory of 38,394 square kilometres (14,824 sq mi) and ranks 133rd in terms of land area and 160th in population. Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with a king as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. Vajrayana Buddhism is the state religion and the Je Khenpo is the head of state religion.

Cameroon

Cameroon

Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a country in west-central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Its coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its strategic position at the crossroads between West Africa and Central Africa, it has been categorized as being in both camps. Its nearly 27 million people speak 250 native languages.

Eritrea

Eritrea

Eritrea (listen), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa region of Eastern Africa, with its capital and largest city at Asmara. It is bordered by Ethiopia in the south, Sudan in the west, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Liberia

Liberia

Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its northwest, Guinea to its north, Ivory Coast to its east, and the Atlantic Ocean to its south and southwest. It has a population of around 5 million and covers an area of 43,000 square miles (111,369 km2). English is the official language, but over 20 indigenous languages are spoken, reflecting the country's ethnic and cultural diversity. The country's capital and largest city is Monrovia.

Nigeria

Nigeria

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa. It is situated between the Sahel to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south in the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area of 923,769 square kilometres (356,669 sq mi), and with a population of over 225 million, it is the most populous country in Africa, and the world's sixth-most populous country. Nigeria borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second-largest in Africa.

Sudan

Sudan

Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered with the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, Egypt to the north, Eritrea to the northeast, Ethiopia to the southeast, Libya to the northwest, South Sudan to the south and the Red Sea. It has a population of 45.70 million people as of 2022 and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres, making it Africa's third-largest country by area, and the third-largest by area in the Arab League. It was the largest country by area in Africa and the Arab League until the secession of South Sudan in 2011, since which both titles have been held by Algeria. Its capital city is Khartoum and its most populous city is Omdurman.

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north, east and northeast, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city. The population is about 6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics, and Turkmenistan is one of the most sparsely populated nations in Asia.

Passport card

The United States Passport Card can be used as an alternative to the passport booklet only when travelling to and from Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, and Caribbean islands at maritime ports-of-entry or land border crossings. The card is not valid for international air travel whatsoever; if traveling by air, the passport book is required.[620]

APEC Travel Business Card

The APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) is meant to facilitate travel for U.S. citizens engaged in verified business in the APEC region.[621]

The U.S. ABTC should enable access to a dedicated fast-track lane for expedited immigration processing at some participating foreign APEC member airports.[622] U.S. APEC Business Travel Card holders may also use the Global Entry kiosks at participating airports upon their U.S. return.[623] However, as the U.S. is a transitional member of the ABTC scheme, the U.S. APEC Business Travel Card cannot be used in lieu of a visa to enter an APEC member country.[624] The program was initially set to expire on September 30, 2018, but the November 2017 signing of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards Act of 2017 (S. 504) ensured it would permanently remain.[625]

Consular protection of U.S. citizens abroad

American diplomatic missions, including embassies (blue), interests sections, and other representations (light blue)
American diplomatic missions, including embassies (blue), interests sections, and other representations (light blue)

The United States has the second most diplomatic missions of any country in the world.
See also List of diplomatic missions of the United States and List of diplomatic missions in the United States.

The Department of State regularly publishes travel warnings or travel alerts.

Non-visa restrictions


Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[626] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being valid or available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever
An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[627] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[628]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[629][630]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[631]

Passport validity length

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a valid passport on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card - especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[632][633] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[634]

Some countries, such as Japan,[635] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[636] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[637] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[638] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[639] Philippines,[640] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[641]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Honduras, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[642] and South Africa.

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[643] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport
Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[644]

For example, Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens that have previously entered Azerbaijan through non-Azerbaijani controlled borders. This includes the illegal entry into the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[645] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding Armenian-occupied territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[646] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[647] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)
Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[648] Lebanon,[649] Libya,[650] Syria,[651] and Yemen[652] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.
A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[653]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[654][655] Argentina,[656] Brunei, Cambodia,[657] China,[658] Ethiopia,[659] Ghana, Guinea,[660] India, Japan,[661][662] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[663] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[664] Mongolia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[665] Singapore, South Korea,[666] Taiwan, Thailand,[667] Uganda,[668] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[669][670][671] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[672]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[673] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[674][675] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[676] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[677][678]


Discover more about Non-visa restrictions related topics

Non-visa travel restrictions

Non-visa travel restrictions

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

The International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP), also known as the Carte Jaune or Yellow Card, is an official vaccination report created by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a travel document, it is a kind of medical passport that is recognised internationally and may be required for entry to certain countries where there are increased health risks for travellers.

Vaccination requirements for international travel

Vaccination requirements for international travel

Vaccination requirements for international travel are the aspect of vaccination policy that concerns the movement of people across borders. Countries around the world require travellers departing to other countries, or arriving from other countries, to be vaccinated against certain infectious diseases in order to prevent epidemics. At border checks, these travellers are required to show proof of vaccination against specific diseases; the most widely used vaccination record is the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis. Some countries require information about a passenger's vaccination status in a passenger locator form.

Vaccine passports during the COVID-19 pandemic

Vaccine passports during the COVID-19 pandemic

A vaccine passport or proof of vaccination is an immunity passport employed as a credential in countries and jurisdictions as part of efforts to control the COVID-19 pandemic via vaccination. A vaccine passport is typically issued by a government or health authority, and usually consists of a digital or printed record. Some credentials may include a scannable QR code, which can also be provisioned via mobile app. It may or may not use a COVID-19 vaccine card as a basis of authentication.

Visa policy of Angola

Visa policy of Angola

Visitors to Angola must obtain either a visa in advance from one of the Angolan diplomatic missions or a pre-visa online, unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries.

Visa policy of Benin

Visa policy of Benin

Visitors to Benin must obtain a visa from one of the Beninese diplomatic missions or apply for an e-Visa, unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries.

Visa policy of Burkina Faso

Visa policy of Burkina Faso

Visitors to Burkina Faso must obtain a visa from one of the Burkina Faso diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries or a country whose citizens may obtain a visa on arrival.

Visa policy of Burundi

Visa policy of Burundi

Starting December 3, 2021, all visitors to Burundi, unless they come from one of the visa-exempt countries mentioned below, can obtain a visa upon arrival at Bujumbura International Airport and all land borders. They can also obtain from one of the Burundian diplomatic missions before entering the country.

Visa policy of Cameroon

Visa policy of Cameroon

Visitors to Cameroon must obtain a visa from one of the Cameroonian diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries.

Visa policy of Central African Republic

Visa policy of Central African Republic

Visitors to the Central African Republic must obtain a visa from one of the Central African Republic diplomatic missions or French diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries.

Visa policy of Chad

Visa policy of Chad

Visitors to Chad must obtain a visa from one of the Chadian diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries.

Visa policy of Equatorial Guinea

Visa policy of Equatorial Guinea

All visitors to Equatorial Guinea, unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries mentioned below, must obtain a visa from one of the Equatorial Guinea diplomatic missions prior to arrival.

Foreign travel statistics

These are the numbers of visits by U.S. nationals to various countries in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Data for 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Data for 2014
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  5. ^ a b c Data for 2013
  6. ^ a b c d Data for arrivals by air only.
  7. ^ a b Data for 2012
  8. ^ Excluding one-day visits
  9. ^ a b c d e Data for 2010
  10. ^ Data for 2007
  11. ^ Data for 2009
  12. ^ Data for 2005
  13. ^ a b Data for 2019
  14. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  15. ^ Data for 2015

Discover more about Foreign travel statistics related topics

American Samoa

American Samoa

American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the island country of Samoa. Its location is centered on 14.3°S 170.7°W. It is east of the International Date Line, while Samoa is west of the Line. The total land area is 199 square kilometers (76.8 sq mi), slightly more than Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the southernmost territory of the United States and one of two U.S. territories south of the Equator, along with the uninhabited Jarvis Island. Tuna products are the main exports, and the main trading partner is the rest of the United States.

Angola

Angola

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country located on the west coast of Southern Africa. It is the second-largest Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in both total area and population, and is the seventh-largest country in Africa. It is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda, that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and most populous city is Luanda.

Anguilla

Anguilla

Anguilla is a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean. It is one of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles, lying east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and directly north of Saint Martin. The territory consists of the main island of Anguilla, approximately 16 miles long by 3 miles (5 km) wide at its widest point, together with a number of much smaller islands and cays with no permanent population. The territory's capital is The Valley. The total land area of the territory is 35 square miles (91 km2), with a population of approximately 15,753 (2021).

Antarctica

Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost and least-populated continent. Situated almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle and surrounded by the Southern Ocean, it contains the geographic South Pole. Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent, being about 40% larger than Europe, and has an area of 14,200,000 km2 (5,500,000 sq mi). Most of Antarctica is covered by the Antarctic ice sheet, with an average thickness of 1.9 km (1.2 mi).

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign country in the West Indies. It lies at the juncture of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean in the Leeward Islands part of the Lesser Antilles, at 17°N latitude.

Aruba

Aruba

Aruba, officially the Country of Aruba is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands physically located in the mid-south of the Caribbean Sea, about 29 kilometres (18 mi) north of the Venezuela peninsula of Paraguaná and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Curaçao. It measures 32 kilometres (20 mi) long from its northwestern to its southeastern end and 10 kilometres (6 mi) across at its widest point. Together with Bonaire and Curaçao, Aruba forms a group referred to as the ABC islands. Collectively, these and the other three Dutch substantial islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean, of which Aruba has about one-third of the population. In 1986, it became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and acquired the formal name the Country of Aruba.

Australia

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.

Austria

Austria

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a country in the southern part of Central Europe, lying in the Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine states, one of which is the capital, Vienna, the most populous city and state. A landlocked country, Austria is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The country occupies an area of 83,871 km2 (32,383 sq mi) and has a population of 9 million.

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a transcontinental country located at the boundary of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the South Caucasus region and is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia and Turkey to the west, and Iran to the south. Baku is the capital and largest city.

Barbados

Barbados

Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of the Americas, and the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands. It occupies an area of 432 km2 (167 sq mi) and has a population of about 287,000. Its capital and largest city is Bridgetown.

Belgium

Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Northwestern Europe. The country is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,528 km2 (11,787 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.5 million, making it the 22nd most densely populated country in the world and the 6th most densely populated country in Europe, with a density of 376/km2 (970/sq mi). Belgium is part of an area known as the Low Countries, historically a somewhat larger region than the Benelux group of states, as it also included parts of northern France. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège, Bruges, Namur, and Leuven.

Belize

Belize

Belize is a Caribbean and Central American country on the north-eastern coast of Central America. It is bordered by Mexico to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Guatemala to the west and south. It also shares a water boundary with Honduras to the southeast. It has an area of 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) and a population of 441,471 (2022). Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km (68 mi) wide. It is the least populated and least densely populated country in Central America. Its population growth rate of 1.87% per year is the second-highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere. Its capital is Belmopan, and its largest city is the namesake city of Belize City. Belize is often thought of as a Caribbean country in Central America because it has a history similar to that of English-speaking Caribbean nations. Indeed, Belize’s institutions and official language reflect its history as a British colony.

Source: "Visa requirements for United States citizens", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 29th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visa_requirements_for_United_States_citizens.

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See also
Notes
  1. ^ Using dense ranking.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  5. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
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