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Marcus Verrius Flaccus (c. 55 BC – AD 20) was a Roman grammarian and teacher who flourished under Augustus and Tiberius.
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He was a freedman, and his manumitter has been identified with Verrius Flaccus, an authority on pontifical law; but for chronological reasons the name of Veranius Flaccus, a writer on augury, has been suggested (Teuffel-Schwabe, Hist. of Roman Lit. 199, 4). He gained such a reputation by his methods of instruction that he was summoned to court to bring up Gaius and Lucius, the grandsons of Augustus. He moved there with his whole school, and his salary was greatly increased on the condition that he took no fresh pupils. He died at an advanced age during the reign of Tiberius (Suetonius, De Grammaticis, 17), and a statue in his honour was erected at Praeneste, in a marble recess, with inscriptions from his Fasti Praenestini.
Flaccus was also a distinguished philologist and antiquarian investigator. His most important work, De verborum significatu, was the first major alphabetical dictionary in Latin. Though only small fragments remain of the work, it served as the basis for Sextus Pompeius Festus's epitome, also called De verborum significatu. Festus's work was in turn abridged centuries later by Paul the Deacon for the library of Charlemagne. Of the calendar of Roman festivals (Fasti Praenestini) engraved on marble and set up in the forum at Praeneste, some fragments were discovered (1771) at some distance from the town itself in a Christian building of later date, and some consular fasti in the forum itself (1778). The collection was subsequently increased by two new fragments.
Other lost works of Flaccus include:
- De Orthographia: De Obscuris Catonis, an elucidation of obscurities in the writings of Cato the Elder
- Saturnus, dealing with questions of Roman ritual
- Rerum memoria dignarum libri, an encyclopaedic work much used by Pliny the Elder
- Res Etruscae, probably on augury.
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Source: "Verrius Flaccus", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 5th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verrius_Flaccus.
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- ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Verrius Flaccus, Marcus". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 1038. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- For the fragments of the Fasti see Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, i. pp. 311;
- G. Gatti, "Due nuovi Frammenti del Calendario di Verrio Flacco," in Atti della r. Accademia dei Lincei, 5th ser., vol. 5, pt. 2, p. 421 (1898);
- Winther, De Fastis Verrii Flacci ab Ovidio adhibitis (1885);
- John Edwin Sandys, Classical Scholarship (ed. 1906), vol. i., index, s.v. "Verrius";
- Fragments of Flaccus in KO Müller's edition of Festus;
- Henry Nettleship, Lectures and Essays.
- Fragments of Verrius Flaccus's works and testimonia in Latin
- English translation of Fasti Praenestinini at attalus.org
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