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Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain (formerly Mount Pétain)

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Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain
Mount Pétain (1919–2022)
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain is located in Alberta
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain
Location in Alberta and British Columbia
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain is located in British Columbia
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain
Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain (British Columbia)
Highest point
Elevation3,196 m (10,486 ft)[1]
Prominence326 m (1,070 ft)[1]
ListingMountains of Alberta
Mountains of British Columbia
Coordinates50°32′39″N 115°11′07″W / 50.54417°N 115.18528°W / 50.54417; -115.18528Coordinates: 50°32′39″N 115°11′07″W / 50.54417°N 115.18528°W / 50.54417; -115.18528[2]
Geography
CountryCanada
ProvincesAlberta and British Columbia
Parent rangePark Ranges[1]
Topo mapNTS 82J11 Kananaskis Lakes[2]
Climbing
First ascent1930 Katie Gardiner, Walter Fuez[3]

A mountain formerly known as Mount Pétain, but with no current official name, is located on the border of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia (BC) on the Continental Divide.

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Alberta

Alberta

Alberta is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is part of Western Canada and is one of the three prairie provinces. Alberta is bordered by British Columbia to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories (NWT) to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. It is one of the only two landlocked provinces in Canada. The eastern part of the province is occupied by the Great Plains, while the western part borders the Rocky Mountains. The province has a predominantly continental climate but experiences quick temperature changes due to air aridity. Seasonal temperature swings are less pronounced in western Alberta due to occasional Chinook winds.

British Columbia

British Columbia

British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. It has a diverse geography, with rugged landscapes that include rocky coastlines, sandy beaches, forests, lakes, mountains, inland deserts and grassy plains, and borders the province of Alberta to the east and the Yukon and Northwest Territories to the north. With an estimated population of 5.3 million as of 2022, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria and its largest city is Vancouver. Vancouver is the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada; the 2021 census recorded 2.6 million people in Metro Vancouver.

Continental Divide of the Americas

Continental Divide of the Americas

The Continental Divide of the Americas is the principal, and largely mountainous, hydrological divide of the Americas. The Continental Divide extends from the Bering Strait to the Strait of Magellan, and separates the watersheds that drain into the Pacific Ocean from those river systems that drain into the Atlantic and Arctic oceans.

Original nomenclature

It was named in 1918 after the then-to-be Nazi-collaborator, Marshal Philippe Pétain,[3][1] who was then an honoured war hero for the Allies of World War I. The name was retained despite the later reversal in Pétain's reputation after his having been Head of State of Vichy France and being partly responsible for the murder of 76,000 Jews.[4][5]

Besides the mountain several other geographical points were named for Pétain. Pétain Glacier is found next to Mount Joffre and Mount Pétain forming the Pétain Basin, with melt cascading down Pétain Creek Falls into the Pétain Creek below.[6]

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Philippe Pétain

Philippe Pétain

Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Pétain, commonly known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain, was a French general who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun. From 1940 to 1944, during World War II, he served as head of the collaborationist regime of Vichy France. Pétain, who was 84 years old in 1940, remains the oldest person to become the head of state of France.

Allies of World War I

Allies of World War I

The Allies of World War I, Entente Powers, or Allied Powers were a coalition of countries led by France, the United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, Japan, and the United States against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, and their colonies during the First World War (1914–1918).

Vichy France

Vichy France

Vichy France, officially the French State, was the authoritarian French state headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II. Officially independent, but with half of its territory occupied under harsh terms of the armistice, it adopted a policy of collaboration with Nazi Germany, which occupied the northern and western portions before occupying the remainder of Metropolitan France in November 1942. Though Paris was ostensibly its capital, the collaborationist Vichy government established itself in the resort town of Vichy in the unoccupied "Free Zone", where it remained responsible for the civil administration of France as well as its colonies.

Mount Joffre

Mount Joffre

Mount Joffre is a mountain located on the Continental Divide, in Peter Lougheed Provincial Park, Alberta, and Elk Lakes and Height of the Rockies Provincial Parks in British Columbia. The mountain was named in 1918 by the Interprovincial Boundary Survey after Marshal Joseph Joffre, commander-in-chief of the French Army during World War I.

Renaming

In 2019, the Government of Alberta rescinded Pétain's name from the Alberta side of the border. In October 2021, the Regional District of East Kootenay, upon being consulted by BC Geographical Names, voted to support removing Pétain's name from the British Columbia side.[7] On June 29, 2022, the Government of British Columbia also rescinded the name, rendering the mountain officially nameless.[8] The names of Pétain Creek and Pétain Glacier were also rescinded.[9]

As of July 2022, neither of the provinces in which the mountain sits have decided on a new name, but "will work together" with local stakeholders to determine one.[10]

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Government of Alberta

Government of Alberta

The government of Alberta is the body responsible for the administration of the Canadian province of Alberta. As a constitutional monarchy, the Crown—represented in the province by the lieutenant governor—is the corporation sole, assuming distinct roles: the executive, as the Crown-in-Council; the legislature, as the Crown-in-Parliament; and the courts, as the Crown-on-the-Bench. The functions of the government are exercised on behalf of three institutions—the Executive Council; the Legislative Assembly; and the judiciary, respectively. Its powers and structure are partly set out in the Constitution Act, 1867.

Regional District of East Kootenay

Regional District of East Kootenay

The Regional District of East Kootenay (RDEK) is a regional district in the Canadian province of British Columbia, Canada. In the 2016 census, the population was 60,439. Its area is 27,542.69 km2 (10,634.29 sq mi). The regional district offices are in Cranbrook, the largest community in the region. Other important population centres include the cities of Kimberley and Fernie, and the district municipality of Invermere and Sparwood. Despite its name, the regional district does not include all of the region known as the East Kootenay, which includes the Creston Valley and the east shore of Kootenay Lake.

BC Geographical Names

BC Geographical Names

The BC Geographical Names is a geographic name web service and database for the Canadian province of British Columbia run by the Base Mapping and Geomatic Services Branch of the Integrated Land Management Bureau. The database contains official names and spellings of towns, mountains, rivers, lakes, and other geographic places. The database often has other useful information, such as the history of geographic names, and their use in history.

Government of British Columbia

Government of British Columbia

The Government of British Columbia is the body responsible for the administration of the Canadian province of British Columbia. A constitutional monarchy, the Crown is the corporation sole, assuming distinct roles: the executive, as the Crown-in-Council; the legislature, as the Crown-in-Parliament; and the courts, as the Crown-on-the-Bench. Three institutions—the Executive Council (Cabinet); the Legislative Assembly; and the judiciary, respectively—exercise the powers of the Crown.

Access

The snow-capped mountain can be reached from Height of the Rockies Provincial Park and Elk Lakes Provincial Park within British Columbia or Peter Lougheed Provincial Park in Alberta.

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Height of the Rockies Provincial Park

Height of the Rockies Provincial Park

Height of the Rockies Provincial Park is a provincial park in the Canadian Rockies of south eastern British Columbia, Canada. It is located west of the Continental Divide, adjacent to Elk Lakes Provincial Park.

Elk Lakes Provincial Park

Elk Lakes Provincial Park

Elk Lakes Provincial Park is a provincial park in southeastern British Columbia, Canada, located west of the continental divide. It is located adjacent to Height of the Rockies Provincial Park and is about 104 kilometers north of Sparwood. The park features sub-alpine landscapes, remnant glaciers, rugged peaks and productive lakes. Much of the park is above treeline and features several prominent mountains including Mount Fox, Mount Aosta, Mount McCuaig, and Mount Elkan. The Petain, Castelnau, Nivelle, and Elk Glaciers lie on the northeastern edge of the park. The following lakes are also present inside park boundaries: Upper and Lower Elk Lake, Frozen Lake, Fox Lake, Cadorna Lake, and Abruzzi Lake. Below the treeline, the park features mature growth forests of alpine fir, Engelmann spruce, and lodgepole pine. These trees are also intermingled with juniper, twinberry, false azalea, white rhododendron, and buffalo berry. The wildlife of the area includes Beaver, Snowshoe Hare, Red Squirrel, white-tailed deer, moose, and many varieties of birds.

British Columbia

British Columbia

British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. It has a diverse geography, with rugged landscapes that include rocky coastlines, sandy beaches, forests, lakes, mountains, inland deserts and grassy plains, and borders the province of Alberta to the east and the Yukon and Northwest Territories to the north. With an estimated population of 5.3 million as of 2022, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria and its largest city is Vancouver. Vancouver is the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada; the 2021 census recorded 2.6 million people in Metro Vancouver.

Peter Lougheed Provincial Park

Peter Lougheed Provincial Park

Peter Lougheed Provincial Park is a provincial park located in Alberta, Canada. The park is in Kananaskis Country about 90 kilometres (56 mi) west of Calgary, along the Kananaskis Trail.

Alberta

Alberta

Alberta is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is part of Western Canada and is one of the three prairie provinces. Alberta is bordered by British Columbia to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories (NWT) to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. It is one of the only two landlocked provinces in Canada. The eastern part of the province is occupied by the Great Plains, while the western part borders the Rocky Mountains. The province has a predominantly continental climate but experiences quick temperature changes due to air aridity. Seasonal temperature swings are less pronounced in western Alberta due to occasional Chinook winds.

Source: "Unnamed Alberta–BC mountain (formerly Mount Pétain)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unnamed_Alberta–BC_mountain_(formerly_Mount_Pétain).

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References
  1. ^ a b c d "Mount Petain". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  2. ^ a b "Mount Pétain". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Petain". PeakFinder.com. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  4. ^ Golinkin, Lev. "Nazi collaborator monuments around the world". The Forward. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  5. ^ "Mount Pétain". BC Geographical Names. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  6. ^ "Elk Lakes Provincial Park: Hiking". BC Parks. Retrieved 2021-01-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Mount Pétain in the Rockies to have name rescinded". 18 October 2021.
  8. ^ Kaufmann, Bill (July 4, 2022). "After Calgarian's efforts, Nazi collaborator's name removed from Alberta-B.C. peak". Calgary Herald. Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  9. ^ "British Columbia to Rename Geographical Sites Honoring Nazi Collaborator Pétain". The Algemeiner. July 5, 2022.
  10. ^ "Canadian mountain no longer named for Nazi collaborator thanks to father and son". CBC Radio. July 5, 2022. Retrieved July 6, 2022.


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