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Toronto Star

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Toronto Star
Toronto-Star-Logo.svg
Toronto Star frontpage.jpg
Front page of the January 23, 2013, edition of the Toronto Star
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. (subsidiary of Torstar)
PublisherJordan Bitove
EditorAnne Marie Owens
Founded1892; 131 years ago (1892) (as Evening Star)
Political alignmentSocial liberalism[1][2][3][4]
Headquarters1 Yonge Street
Toronto, Ontario
M5E 1E6
Circulation193,050 weekdays
290,153 Saturdays
185,159 Sundays in 2018[5]
ISSN0319-0781
OCLC number137342540
Websitethestar.com

The Toronto Star is a Canadian English-language broadsheet daily newspaper. It is owned by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of Torstar Corporation and part of Torstar's Daily News Brands division.[6]

The newspaper was established in 1892 as the Evening Star and was later renamed the Toronto Daily Star in 1900, under Joseph E. Atkinson. Atkinson was a major influence in shaping the editorial stance of the paper, with the paper reflecting his principles until his death in 1948.[7] His son-in-law, Harry C. Hindmarsh, shared those principles as the paper's longtime managing editor while also helping to build circulation with sensational stories, bold headlines and dramatic photos.[8] The paper was renamed the Toronto Star in 1971 and introduced a Sunday edition in 1977.[9]

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Broadsheet

Broadsheet

A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of 22.5 inches (57 cm). Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid–compact formats.

Daily News Brands (Torstar)

Daily News Brands (Torstar)

Daily News Brands, formerly Star Media Group, is a Canadian media organization and a division of Torstar Corporation. Its flagship publication is the Toronto Star newspaper, which is owned by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of Torstar.

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson was a Canadian newspaper editor and activist. Under his leadership the Toronto Star became one of the largest and most influential newspapers in Canada. Atkinson amassed a considerable fortune, eventually holding the controlling interest in the paper he edited. After his death, control of the paper passed to the trustees of the Atkinson Foundation, a major Canadian charity.

Harry C. Hindmarsh

Harry C. Hindmarsh

Harry Comfort Hindmarsh was a reporter, editor and newspaper executive who helped turn the Toronto Daily Star and its weekend supplement, The Star Weekly into one of Canada's most financially successful and politically influential newspapers. During his 45-year career at the Star, beginning in 1911, HCH, as he was known, rose from cub reporter to managing editor and after the death of owner/editor Joseph E. Atkinson in 1948, he served for nearly nine years as president of the company.

History

The Star was created in 1892[10] by striking Toronto News printers and writers, led by future mayor of Toronto and social reformer Horatio Clarence Hocken, who became the newspaper's founder,[11] along with another future mayor, Jimmy Simpson.

The Star was first printed on Toronto World presses, and at its formation, The World owned a 51 percent interest in it[12] as a silent partner.[13] That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that William Findlay "Billy" Maclean, The World's proprietor, was considering selling the Star to the Riordon family.[a] After an extensive fundraising campaign among the Star staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken.[13][15]

The paper did poorly in its first few years. Hocken sold out within the year, and several owners followed in succession until railway entrepreneur William Mackenzie bought it in 1896.[16] Its new editors, Edmund E. Sheppard and Frederic Thomas Nicholls, moved the entire Star operation into the same building used by the magazine Saturday Night.[17]

Under Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson, c. 1910s. The Star became Toronto's largest newspaper under his leadership.[7]
Joseph E. Atkinson, c. 1910s. The Star became Toronto's largest newspaper under his leadership.[7]

Joseph E. "Holy Joe" Atkinson, backed by funds raised by supporters of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier, bought the paper on December 13, 1899.[17] The supporters included Senator George Cox, William Mulock, Peter Charles Larkin and Timothy Eaton.[18] Atkinson became the controlling shareholder of the Star.[19] The Star was frequently criticized for practising the yellow journalism of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change.

Atkinson was the Star's editor from 1899 until his death in 1948.[20] The newspaper's early opposition and criticism of the Nazi regime[21] saw it become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany.[22] Atkinson had a social conscience. He championed many causes that would come to be associated with the modern welfare state: old age pensions, unemployment insurance, and health care. The Government of Canada Digital Collections website describes Atkinson as:

a "radical" in the best sense of that term.... The Star was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with Mackenzie King, the prime minister, was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy.[23]

Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition.[24] In 1949, the Province of Ontario passed the Charitable Gifts Act,[b] barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses,[25] that effectively required the Star to be sold.[c]

Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social, scientific and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views.[27] The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the Supreme Court of Ontario to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles":[28]

Front page of the Star in 1922, covering Frederick Banting's accomplishments with insulin.
Front page of the Star in 1922, covering Frederick Banting's accomplishments with insulin.
  • A strong, united and independent Canada
  • Social justice
  • Individual and civil liberties
  • Community and civic engagement
  • The rights of working people
  • The necessary role of government

These principles continue to affect the Star's editorial stances. In February 2006, Star media columnist Antonia Zerbisias wrote on her blog:

Besides, we are the Star which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, and they almost always work in favour of building a better Canada.[29]

Other early media ventures

Under Atkinson, the Star launched several other media initiatives, including a weekend supplemental magazine, the Star Weekly, from 1910 to 1973. From 1922 to 1933, the Star was also a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA, broadcasting on a wavelength of 400 metres (749.48 kHz); its coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting.[30] The station was closed following the establishment of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC) and the introduction of a government policy that, in essence, restricted private stations to an effective radiated power of 100 watts.[30] The Star would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's CRCT station—which later became CBC station CBL—an arrangement that lasted until 1946.[30]

1971–present

In 1971, the newspaper was renamed The Toronto Star and moved to a modern International-style office tower at One Yonge Street by Queens Quay. The original Star building at 80 King Street West was demolished to make room for First Canadian Place.

The Star expanded during the 1970s with the introduction of a Sunday edition in 1973 and a morning edition in 1981.[7]

In 1992, its printing plant was moved to the Toronto Star Press Centre at the Highway 407 & 400 interchange in Vaughan.[31] In September 2002, the logo was changed, and "The" was dropped from the masthead. During the 2003 Northeast blackout, the Star printed the paper at a press in Welland, Ontario. The newspaper's former printing plant was housed at One Yonge Street until the Toronto Star Press Centre opened.

Until the mid-2000s, the front page of the Toronto Star had no third-party advertising aside from upcoming lottery jackpot estimates from the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLG).

On May 28, 2007, the Star unveiled a redesigned paper that featured larger type, narrower pages, fewer and shorter articles, renamed sections, a more prominent focus on local news, and less focus on international news, columnists, and opinion pieces.[32] However, on January 1, 2009, the Star reverted to its previous format. Star P.M., a free newspaper in PDF format that could be downloaded from the newspaper's website each weekday afternoon, was discontinued in October 2007, thirteen months after its launch.

On January 15, 2016, Torstar confirmed the closure of its Vaughan printing presses and indicated that it would outsource printing to Transcontinental Printing, leading to the layoff of all 285 staff at the plant, as Transcontinental had its own existing facility, also in Vaughan.[33] The newspaper said the closure was effected so it could better focus on its digital outlets.[34]

In February 2018, the Toronto Star suspended its internship program indefinitely to cut its costs.[35] Long a source of Canada's next generation of journalists, the paid positions were seen as a vital part of the national industry, and their suspension, a sign of its continuing decline.[36] In 2020, the internship program returned.[37]

In April 2018, the Toronto Star expanded its local coverage of Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Halifax with rebranded daily newspapers, previously known as Metro, as StarMetro, which was a joint venture between Torstar (90%) and Swedish media company Metro International (10%).[38][39][40] In October 2018, the Toronto Star acquired iPolitics, a political news outlet.[41][42]

On December 20, 2019, all StarMetro editions ceased publication amid the popularity and resultant growth of news apps on mobile devices. Local coverage once again became restricted to the Golden Horseshoe conurbation.[43][44]

The newspaper was acquired by NordStar Capital on May 26, 2020, after the board of Torstar voted to sell the company to the investment firm for CA$52 million—making Torstar a privately held company.[45] The deal was expected to be approved by Torstar's shareholders and to close by the end of 2020.[46] Canadian Modern Media Holdings made an offer of $58 million on July 9, 2020;[47] NordStar subsequently increased its offer to $60 million, effectively ending the bidding war.[47] A vast majority of shareholders subsequently voted in favour of the deal.[48] The takeover was approved by an Ontario judge on July 27, 2020.[49] An appeal of the judgement by another prospective purchaser failed on July 31 when Ontario Superior Court Justice Michael Penny dismissed the motion.[50] The deal was expected to close during the following week.[51][52]

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Mayor of Toronto

Mayor of Toronto

The mayor of Toronto is the head of Toronto City Council and chief executive officer of the municipal government. The mayor is elected alongside city council every four years on the fourth Monday of October; there are no term limits. While in office, mayors are styled His/Her Worship.

Horatio Clarence Hocken

Horatio Clarence Hocken

Horatio Clarence Hocken was a Canadian politician, Mayor of Toronto, social reformer, a founder of what became the Toronto Star and Grand Master of the Grand Orange Lodge of British America from 1914-1918.

James Simpson (Canadian politician)

James Simpson (Canadian politician)

James "Jimmie" Simpson was a British-Canadian trade unionist, printer, journalist and left-wing politician in Toronto, Ontario. He was a longtime member of Toronto's city council and served as Mayor of Toronto in 1935, the first member of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation to serve in that capacity. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada.

The Toronto World

The Toronto World

The Toronto World was a newspaper based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It existed between 1880 and 1921, and a Sunday edition operated from 1891 to 1924. Founded by William Findlay "Billy" Maclean, it was popular among Toronto's working class and similar in style to The New York Herald. It was said to be the "editorially boldest" of the Toronto press, and was notable for its irreverence, noisy exposés of civic corruption, skilful skirting of the libel laws, and opposition to the religious establishment. Journalists such as Hector Charlesworth, Joseph E. Atkinson and John Bayne Maclean first worked there, before moving on to senior positions at other publications.

Frederic Thomas Nicholls

Frederic Thomas Nicholls

Frederic Thomas Nicholls was a Canadian businessman, electrical engineer and politician. He was a Conservative senator representing the senatorial division of Toronto, Ontario from 1917 to 1921.

Saturday Night (magazine)

Saturday Night (magazine)

Saturday Night was a Canadian general interest magazine. It was founded in Toronto, Ontario in 1887 and was Canada's oldest general interest magazine. The magazine ceased publication in 2005.

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson was a Canadian newspaper editor and activist. Under his leadership the Toronto Star became one of the largest and most influential newspapers in Canada. Atkinson amassed a considerable fortune, eventually holding the controlling interest in the paper he edited. After his death, control of the paper passed to the trustees of the Atkinson Foundation, a major Canadian charity.

George Albertus Cox

George Albertus Cox

George Albertus Cox was a very prominent Canadian businessman and a member of the Senate of Canada.

Peter Charles Larkin

Peter Charles Larkin

Peter Charles Larkin, was a Canadian businessman, diplomat and political patron.

Shareholder

Shareholder

A shareholder of corporate stock refers to an individual or legal entity that is registered by the corporation as the legal owner of shares of the share capital of a public or private corporation. Shareholders may be referred to as members of a corporation. A person or legal entity becomes a shareholder in a corporation when their name and other details are entered in the corporation's register of shareholders or members, and unless required by law the corporation is not required or permitted to enquire as to the beneficial ownership of the shares. A corporation generally cannot own shares of itself.

Nazi Party

Nazi Party

The Nazi Party, officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party, was a far-right political party in Germany active between 1920 and 1945 that created and supported the ideology of Nazism. Its precursor, the German Workers' Party, existed from 1919 to 1920. The Nazi Party emerged from the extremist German nationalist, racist and populist Freikorps paramilitary culture, which fought against the communist uprisings in post–World War I Germany. The party was created to draw workers away from communism and into völkisch nationalism. Initially, Nazi political strategy focused on anti–big business, anti-bourgeois, and anti-capitalist rhetoric, which was later downplayed to gain the support of business leaders. By the 1930s, the party's main focus shifted to antisemitic and anti-Marxist themes. The party had little popular support until the Great Depression, where worsening living standards and vast unemployment drove Germans into political extremism.

Censorship in Nazi Germany

Censorship in Nazi Germany

Censorship in Nazi Germany was extreme and strictly enforced by the governing Nazi Party, but specifically by Joseph Goebbels and his Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Censorship within Nazi Germany included control of all forms of mass communication, which included newspaper, music, literature, radio, and film. The same body also produced and disseminated their own literature which were solely devoted to furthering Nazi ideas and myths. Anti-semitism lay at the core of their works, including 1940 films such as Jud Süß and The Eternal Jew. The ministry promoted the cult of Adolf Hitler by sponsoring early films such as Triumph of the Will of the 1934 rally and The Victory of Faith made in 1933, and which survives now as a single copy recently discovered in the UK. It was banned by the Nazis owing to the prominent role of Ernst Roehm, who was murdered by Hitler on the Night of the Long Knives in 1934.

Content

Editorial position

Like its competitor The Globe and Mail, the Star covers "a spectrum of opinion that is best described as urban and Central Canadian" in character. The Star is generally centrist and centre-left, and is more socially liberal than The Globe and Mail.[53] The paper has aligned itself over the years with the progressive "Atkinson principles" named for publisher Joseph E. Atkinson,[54] who was editor and publisher of the paper for 50 years.[55] These principles included social justice and social welfare provision, as well as individual rights and civil liberties.[55] In 1984, scholar Wilfred H. Kesterton described the Star as "perpetually indignant" because of its social consciousness.[53] When Atkinson's son Joseph Story Atkinson became president of the Star in 1957, he said, "From its inception in 1892, the Star has been a champion of social and economic reform, a defender of minority rights, a foe of discrimination, a friend of organized labour and a staunch advocate of Canadian nationhood."[55]

Another of the "Atkinson principles" has been a "strong, united and independent Canada"; in a 1927 editorial, the paper wrote, "We believe in the British connection as much as anybody does but on a self-respecting basis of equality, of citizenship, and not on the old basis of one country belonging to the other."[55] The paper was historically wary of American influence,[55] and during the debates over the North American Free Trade Agreement, the paper was frequently critical of free trade and expressed concerns about Canadian sovereignty.[56] The paper has been traditionally supportive of official bilingualism and maintaining Canadian unity in opposition to Quebec separatism.[55]

In the 1980s, Michael Farber wrote in the Montreal Gazette that the Star's coverage was Toronto-centric to the point that any story was said to carry an explanation as to "What it means to Metro."[57] Conversely, Canadian sociologist Elke Winter wrote in 2011 that the Toronto Star was less "Toronto-centric" than its rival, The Globe and Mail, writing that the Star "consciously reports for and from Canada's most multicultural city" and catered to a diverse readership.[53]

The advent of the National Post in 1998 shook up the Toronto newspaper market.[58] In the upheaval that followed, editorial spending increased and there was much turnover of editors and publishers.[59]

Election endorsements

In the 50 years to 1972, the Star endorsed the Liberal Party in each federal general election.[60] In the fifteen federal elections between 1968 and 2019, the Star has endorsed the Liberal Party eleven times, the New Democratic Party twice, and the Progressive Conservative Party twice.[54]

Elections in which the Star did not endorse the Liberals took place in 1972 and 1974 (when it endorsed the Progressive Conservatives), and 1979 and 2011 (when it endorsed the NDP).[60][54] In the 2011 election, the Star endorsed the NDP under Jack Layton,[61] but to avoid vote splitting that could inadvertently help the Conservatives under Stephen Harper, which it saw as the worst outcome for the country, the paper also recommended Canadians vote strategically by voting for "the progressive candidate best placed to win" in certain ridings.[62] For the 2015 election, the Star endorsed the Liberal Party under Justin Trudeau,[63] and did so again in the 2019 federal election.[64]

In Toronto's non-partisan mayoral elections, the Star endorsed George Smitherman in 2010[65] and John Tory in 2014[66] and 2018.[67]

Features

The Star is one of the few Canadian newspapers that employs a "public editor" (ombudsman) and was the first to do so. Its newsroom policy and journalistic standards guide is also published online.[68]

Other notable features include:

  • optional supplements on Saturday and Sunday include Starweek (television listings and episode summaries), abridged version of The New York Times international section). Starweek and The New York Times supplements require separate additional payment)

The Star states that it favours an inclusive, "big tent" approach, not wishing to attract one group of readers at the expense of others. It publishes regular features on real estate (including condominiums), individual neighbourhoods (and street name etymologies), shopping, cooking, dining, alcoholic beverages (right down to having an exclusive on the anti-competitive practices of the Beer Store that led to major reforms on the sale of alcohol in Ontario grocery stores in 2015 by Premier Kathleen Wynne and Ed Clark), automobiles (as Wheels), and travel destinations.

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Central Canada

Central Canada

Central Canada is a region consisting of Canada's two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and Quebec. Geographically, they are not at the centre of Canada but instead overlap with Eastern Canada toward the east. Because of their large populations, Ontario and Quebec have traditionally held a significant amount of political power in Canada, leading to some amount of resentment from other regions of the country. Before Confederation, the term "Canada" specifically referred to Central Canada. Today, the term "Central Canada" is less often used than the names of the individual provinces.

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson was a Canadian newspaper editor and activist. Under his leadership the Toronto Star became one of the largest and most influential newspapers in Canada. Atkinson amassed a considerable fortune, eventually holding the controlling interest in the paper he edited. After his death, control of the paper passed to the trustees of the Atkinson Foundation, a major Canadian charity.

Civil liberties

Civil liberties

Civil liberties are guarantees and freedoms that governments commit not to abridge, either by constitution, legislation, or judicial interpretation, without due process. Though the scope of the term differs between countries, civil liberties may include the freedom of conscience, freedom of press, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, the right to security and liberty, freedom of speech, the right to privacy, the right to equal treatment under the law and due process, the right to a fair trial, and the right to life. Other civil liberties include the right to own property, the right to defend oneself, and the right to bodily integrity. Within the distinctions between civil liberties and other types of liberty, distinctions exist between positive liberty/positive rights and negative liberty/negative rights.

North American Free Trade Agreement

North American Free Trade Agreement

The North American Free Trade Agreement was an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States that created a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994, and superseded the 1988 Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement between the United States and Canada. The NAFTA trade bloc formed one of the largest trade blocs in the world by gross domestic product.

Free trade

Free trade

Free trade is a trade policy that does not restrict imports or exports. In government, free trade is predominantly advocated by political parties that hold economically liberal positions, while economic nationalist and left-wing political parties generally support protectionism, the opposite of free trade.

Michael Farber

Michael Farber

Michael Farber is an American author and sports journalist, and was a writer with Sports Illustrated from 1994 to 2014. He covered mostly ice hockey and olympic sports. Before 1994, Farber spent 15 years as a sports columnist for the Montreal Gazette, and previously wrote for the Bergen Record, and the Sun Bulletin. Farber is a commentator for CJAD 800 AM in Montreal, and on The Sports Network's The Reporters.

Montreal Gazette

Montreal Gazette

The Montreal Gazette, formerly titled The Gazette, is the only English-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Three other daily English-language newspapers shuttered at various times during the second half of the 20th century. It is one of the French-speaking province's last two English-language dailies; the other is the Sherbrooke Record, which serves the anglophone community in Sherbrooke and the Eastern Townships southeast of Montreal.

Metropolitan Toronto

Metropolitan Toronto

The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was an upper-tier level of municipal government in Ontario, Canada, from 1953 to 1998. It was made up of the old city of Toronto and numerous townships, towns and villages that surrounded Toronto, which were starting to urbanize rapidly after World War II. It was commonly referred to as "Metro Toronto" or "Metro".

National Post

National Post

The National Post is a Canadian English-language broadsheet newspaper available in several cities in central and western Canada. The paper is the flagship publication of Postmedia Network and is published Mondays through Saturdays, with Monday released as a digital e-edition only. The newspaper is distributed in the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia. Weekend editions of the newspaper are also distributed in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

Liberal Party of Canada

Liberal Party of Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada is a federal political party in Canada. The party espouses the principles of liberalism, and generally sits at the centre to centre-left of the Canadian political spectrum, with their rival, the Conservative Party, positioned to their right and the New Democratic Party, who at times aligned itself with the Liberals during minority governments, positioned to their left. The party is described as "big tent", practising "brokerage politics", attracting support from a broad spectrum of voters. The Liberal Party is the longest-serving and oldest active federal political party in the country, and has dominated federal politics of Canada for much of its history, holding power for almost 70 years of the 20th century. As a result, it has sometimes been referred to as Canada's "natural governing party".

List of Canadian federal general elections

List of Canadian federal general elections

This article provides a summary of results for Canadian general elections to the House of Commons, the elected lower half of Canada's federal bicameral legislative body, the Parliament of Canada. The number of seats has increased steadily over time, from 180 for the first election to the current total of 338. The current federal government structure was established in 1867 by the Constitution Act.

New Democratic Party

New Democratic Party

The New Democratic Party is a federal political party in Canada. Widely described as social democratic, the party occupies the left, to centre-left on the political spectrum, sitting to the left of the Liberal Party. The party was founded in 1961 by the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC).

Products

Website

The Star has maintained a website where it publishes its content since 1996.[7] On October 2012, the Star announced its intention to implement a paywall on its website, thestar.com,[69] which was made effective on August 13, 2013. Readers with daily home delivery had free access to all its digital content. Those without a digital subscription can view up to ten articles a month.[70][71] The paywall does not apply to its sister sites, such as wheels.ca (automotive news and classifieds). However, during 2015, the Star announced that it would end its paywall, which it did on April 1, 2015.[72] In June 2018, the Star announced it was implementing a paywall again.[73]

Mobile app

On September 15, 2015, the Toronto Star released the Toronto Star Touch tablet app, which was a free interactive news app with interactive advertisements. It was discontinued in 2017. At launch, it was only available for the iPad, which uses iOS. Based on a similar app for Montreal-based La Presse released in 2013, Star Touch is the first such app for any English-language news organization, quality-wise.[74] In slightly over 50 days since launch, the app had reached the 100,000-download milestone.[75] The Android version was launched on December 1, 2015.[76] The iOS version is rated 12+ by Apple's App Store guidelines[77] and the Android version is rated Mature 17+ by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB).[78]

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Paywall

Paywall

A paywall is a method of restricting access to content, with a purchase or a paid subscription, especially news. Beginning in the mid-2010s, newspapers started implementing paywalls on their websites as a way to increase revenue after years of decline in paid print readership and advertising revenue, partly due to the use of ad blockers. In academics, research papers are often subject to a paywall and are available via academic libraries that subscribe.

IPad

IPad

The iPad is a brand of iOS and iPadOS-based tablet computers that are developed by Apple Inc. The iPad was conceived before the related iPhone but the iPhone was developed and released first. Speculation about the development, operating system, and release of the original iPad began in 2002 prior to its introduction on January 27, 2010. The iPad range consists of the original iPad lineup and the flagship products iPad Mini, iPad Air, and iPad Pro.

IOS

IOS

iOS is a mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone; the term also includes the system software for iPads predating iPadOS—which was introduced in 2019—as well as on the iPod Touch devices—which were discontinued in mid-2022. It is the world's second-most widely installed mobile operating system, after Android. It is the basis for three other operating systems made by Apple: iPadOS, tvOS, and watchOS. It is proprietary software, although some parts of it are open source under the Apple Public Source License and other licenses.

La Presse (Canadian newspaper)

La Presse (Canadian newspaper)

La Presse, founded in 1884, is a French-language digital newspaper published daily in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is owned by an independent nonprofit trust.

Android (operating system)

Android (operating system)

Android is a mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open-source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android is developed by a consortium of developers known as the Open Handset Alliance, though its most widely used version is primarily developed by Google. It was unveiled in November 2007, with the first commercial Android device, the HTC Dream, being launched in September 2008.

Entertainment Software Rating Board

Entertainment Software Rating Board

The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a self-regulatory organization that assigns age and content ratings to consumer video games in the United States and Canada. The ESRB was established in 1994 by the Entertainment Software Association, in response to criticism of controversial video games with excessively violent or sexual content, particularly after the 1993 congressional hearings following the releases of Mortal Kombat and Night Trap for home consoles and Doom for home computers. The industry, pressured with potential government oversight of video game ratings from these hearings, established both the IDSA and the ESRB within it to create a voluntary ratings system based on the Motion Picture Association of America film rating system with additional considerations for video game interactivity.

Circulation

A Canada Post mailbox next to an empty Toronto Star vending box.
A Canada Post mailbox next to an empty Toronto Star vending box.

The Toronto Star has seen, like most Canadian daily newspapers, a decline in circulation. Its total circulation dropped by 22 percent to 318,763 copies daily from 2009 to 2015.[79]

100,000
200,000
300,000
400,000
500,000
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Daily average total circulation (print and digital combined) which includes paid and unpaid copies[80]

Offices

Offices used by the Star
Offices used by the Star1905–19291929–19701970–present
1905–1929
Offices used by the Star1905–19291929–19701970–present
1929–1970
Offices used by the Star1905–19291929–19701970–present
1970–present

The Toronto Star has been located at several addresses since 1892.[9]

Notable staff

Publishers

Journalists and columnists

Cartoonists

Discover more about Notable staff related topics

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson

Joseph E. Atkinson was a Canadian newspaper editor and activist. Under his leadership the Toronto Star became one of the largest and most influential newspapers in Canada. Atkinson amassed a considerable fortune, eventually holding the controlling interest in the paper he edited. After his death, control of the paper passed to the trustees of the Atkinson Foundation, a major Canadian charity.

Beland Honderich

Beland Honderich

Beland Hugh Honderich, was a Canadian newspaper executive who was the Chairman and Publisher of the Toronto Star and Chairman and President of the Torstar Corporation.

John Honderich

John Honderich

John Allen Honderich, was a Canadian businessman, journalist, and editor who was publisher of the Toronto Star from 1994 to 2004. He previously served as its editor from 1988, the same year his father, Beland Honderich, retired as publisher of the paper.

Jagoda Pike

Jagoda Pike

Jagoda Pike is a former publisher of the Toronto Star and former president of the Star Media Group. Effective October 4, 2008, Pike stepped down as publisher of the Toronto Star and assumed the role of heading Ontario's bid for the 2015 Pan American Games. As of 2016, Jagoda is president and CEO of the Homewood Health Inc (2013) in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

June Callwood

June Callwood

June Rose Callwood, was a Canadian journalist, author and social activist. She was known as "Canada's Conscience".

Greg Clark (journalist)

Greg Clark (journalist)

Gregory Clark, was a Canadian war veteran, journalist, and humourist.

Jeremy Clarkson

Jeremy Clarkson

Jeremy Charles Robert Clarkson is an English broadcaster, journalist, game show host and writer who specialises in motoring. He is best known for the motoring programmes Top Gear and The Grand Tour alongside Richard Hammond and James May. He also currently writes weekly columns for The Sunday Times and The Sun. Since 2018, Clarkson has hosted the ITV game show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?.

Erin Combs

Erin Combs

Erin Combs, also known as Erin Combs Pearl, is a photographer who worked at the Toronto Star. Hired as a photojournalist in 1974, she was one of the first women photographers to contribute regularly to a major Canadian newspaper.

Daniel Dale

Daniel Dale

Daniel Dale is a Canadian journalist known for rebutting a large number of claims made by United States President Donald Trump during his 2016 presidential campaign and presidency. Dale credits an encounter with Toronto Mayor Rob Ford while covering the mayor and his brother Doug for the Toronto Star as the inspiration for developing his brand of adversarial journalism.

Joe Fiorito

Joe Fiorito

Joe Fiorito is a Canadian journalist and author.

Graham Fraser

Graham Fraser

Graham Fraser is a Canadian former journalist and writer who served as Canada's sixth Commissioner of Official Languages. He is the author of several books, both in English and French.

Michael Geist

Michael Geist

Michael Allen Geist is a Canadian academic, the Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-Commerce Law at the University of Ottawa and a member of the Centre for Law, Technology and Society. Geist was educated at the University of Western Ontario, Osgoode Hall Law School, where he received his Bachelor of Laws, Cambridge University, where he received a Master of Laws, and Columbia Law School, where he received a Master of Laws and Doctor of Law degree. He has been a visiting professor at universities around the world including the University of Haifa, Hong Kong University, and Tel Aviv University. He is also a senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Source: "Toronto Star", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 21st), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toronto_Star.

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See also
Notes
  1. ^ Owners of the Riordon Pulp and Paper Company, and investors in The Hamilton Spectator, Toronto Mail and the Toronto Evening News.[14]
  2. ^ The Charitable Gifts Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.8 , repealed in 2009 by the Good Government Act, 2009, S.O. 2009, c. 33, Sch. 2
  3. ^ But the Act's repeal in 2009 did not mean that charities in Ontario could then set up for-profit companies or pursue business activities.[26]
References
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  2. ^ "But vote strategically". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Archived from the original on May 3, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  3. ^ "World Newspapers and Magazines: Canada". Worldpress.org. 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "Star's choice: Dion, Liberals". Toronto Star. October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
  5. ^ "Toronto Star Media Kit" (PDF). News Media Canada. Retrieved March 7, 2020. Numbers are based on the total circulation (print plus digital editions).
  6. ^ "Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "Toronto Star". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Historica Canada. December 20, 2021. Retrieved August 30, 2022.
  8. ^ Harkness, Ross (1963). J.E. Atkinson of the Star. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  9. ^ a b "History of the Toronto Star". Toronto Star. September 23, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  10. ^ "The Toronto Star | Canadian newspaper". Britannica.com. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  11. ^ "Profile – Hocken, Horatio Clarence". Parlinfo. Parliament of Canada. Archived from the original on July 11, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  12. ^ Archer 1947, p. 3.
  13. ^ a b Sotiron 2005.
  14. ^ Rutherford 1982.
  15. ^ Archer 1947, pp. 4–5.
  16. ^ Archer 1947, pp. 5–6.
  17. ^ a b Archer 1947, p. 6.
  18. ^ Otto, Stephen A. (2005). "Larkin, Peter Charles". In Cook, Ramsay; Bélanger, Réal (eds.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XV (1921–1930) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  19. ^ James H. Marsh (1999). The Canadian Encyclopedia. p. 2368. ISBN 9780771020995. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  20. ^ "History of the Toronto Star". thestar.com. September 23, 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  21. ^ "A Canadian Observer". Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre.
  22. ^ Phillips, Andrew (November 1, 2017). "125 years of speaking out". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  23. ^ "Bienvenue au site Web Bibliothèque et Archives Canada / Welcome to the Library and Archives Canada website". Collections Canada. August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  24. ^ Powell, Betsy (November 6, 2002). "Atkinson's will kept Star's resolve". Toronto Star. Toronto. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  25. ^ Bourgeois, Donald. "The Charitable Gifts Act: A Commentary". Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  26. ^ Lazier, Kate; Manwaring, Susan M. (December 2009). "Ontario Government passes Good Government Act that includes positive changes for charities" (PDF). Miller Thomson.
  27. ^ Martin, Sandra (November 8, 2005). "Beland Honderich, 86". The Globe and Mail.
  28. ^ "Atkinson Principles". Torstar. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  29. ^ Zerbisias, Antonia (February 20, 2006). "Kartoon Kontroversy Kontinues". Archived from the original on March 23, 2006. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c Plummer, Kevin (March 22, 2014). "Historicist: An Invisible Giant". torontoist.com.
  31. ^ "Torstar's Vaughan Press Centre celebrates 20th anniversary". Toronto Star. September 6, 2012.
  32. ^ Kuntz, J. Fred (May 28, 2007). "You spoke, we listened: Here are the changes". Toronto Star. Toronto. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  33. ^ "Torstar to sell printing plant in Vaughan, close to 300 jobs affected". toronto.citynews.ca.
  34. ^ Sagan, Aleksandra (January 15, 2016). "Torstar lays off more than 300 production, editorial staff, selling staff". Toronto Sun.
  35. ^ "Toronto Star Suspending Internship Programs Indefinitely". Canadaland. February 13, 2018.
  36. ^ "Why the Toronto Star internship program was unique". J-Source. February 21, 2018.
  37. ^ "Toronto Star welcomes back internship program with seven young reporters". The Toronto Star. December 20, 2020. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  38. ^ "Torstar hiring 20 reporters as it rebrands and revamps Metro Urban dailies across Canada". Financial Post. The Canadian Press.
  39. ^ Healing, Dan. "StarMetro? Toronto Star publisher rebranding free daily newspapers across Canada – cites appetite for 'progressive voice'". Calgary Herald. The Canadian Press. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  40. ^ Popplewell, Brett (May 10, 2018). "Inside the Toronto Star's Bold Plan to Save Itself". The Walrus. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  41. ^ "Tortar signs agreement to purchase political website iPolitics". CBC. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  42. ^ "Torstar to purchase iPolitics media outlet". Cision. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  43. ^ "Torstar shutting down StarMetro papers across Canada". CityNews. Rogers Digital Media. November 19, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  44. ^ "Toronto Star shutting down StarMetro newspapers". CBC.ca. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. November 19, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  45. ^ The Canadian Press (May 26, 2020). "Torstar agrees to $52M sale to NordStar Capital". CBC News. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  46. ^ "Torstar to be sold, taken private in $52-million deal". Toronto.com. May 26, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  47. ^ a b "Surprise $60-million bid from NordStar locks up acquisition of Torstar". Toronto Star. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  48. ^ "Shareholders have given a proposed $60 million takeover of the Toronto Star's publisher their seal of approval". St Catharines Standard. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
  49. ^ "Judge approves NordStar's $60-million takeover of Torstar – The Globe and Mail". www.theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  50. ^ "Torstar Corporation Announces Dismissal of Stay Motion in Connection with Arrangement with NordStar Capital LP". Financial Times. July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  51. ^ "NordStar takeover of Toronto Star publisher cleared to go ahead early next week". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  52. ^ "Torstar Corporation Announces Dismissal of Stay Motion in Connection with Arrangement with NordStar Capital LP". Financial Times. July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020. he Ontario Superior Court of Justice (Divisional Court) has dismissed a motion for a stay of the final order
  53. ^ a b c Elke Winter, Us, Them and Others: Pluralism and National Identities in Diverse Societies (University of Toronto Press, 2011), p. 96.
  54. ^ a b c Kenyon Wallace, How the Star is making its political endorsements more transparent, Toronto Star (May 26, 2018).
  55. ^ a b c d e f Tamar Harris, Through constant change, Atkinson Principles endure, Toronto Star (November 4, 2017).
  56. ^ Perrella, Andrea M.L. (1995). Guy Lachapelle (ed.). "Editorials and the Free Trade Agenda: Comparison of Law Press and the Toronto Star Quebec Under Free Trade: Making Public Policy in North America". Quebec Under Free Trade: Making Public Policy in North America. Presses de l'Université du Québec: 276–79.
  57. ^ Farber, Michael (August 27, 1985). "Stock deal ends talk of takeover". Montreal Gazette. p. A-3.
  58. ^ "As the Globe turns – Macleans.ca". Macleans. July 9, 2009. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  59. ^ Orth, Maureen. "Black Mischief". The Hive. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  60. ^ a b Kathy English, Why do newspapers endorse?, Toronto Star (October 11, 2008).
  61. ^ "Toronto Star endorses the NDP". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
  62. ^ "But vote strategically". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  63. ^ "Toronto Star endorses Liberal leader Justin Trudeau for prime minister". Toronto Star. October 9, 2015.
  64. ^ "Liberals are the best choice for Canada". Toronto Star. October 16, 2019.
  65. ^ "The Star's choices for Toronto mayor: George Smitherman". Toronto Star. October 17, 2010.
  66. ^ "John Tory is the best choice to lead Toronto: Editorial". Toronto Star. October 21, 2014.
  67. ^ "John Tory is the best choice for Toronto now". Toronto Star. October 19, 2018.
  68. ^ "Toronto Star Newsroom Policy and Journalistic Standards Guide". Toronto Star. December 7, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  69. ^ "The Star to launch digital subscription". Toronto Star. October 29, 2012.
  70. ^ "Toronto Star launches digital subscriptions: Publisher". Toronto Star. August 13, 2013.
  71. ^ "Toronto Star moving behind paywall". CBC News. August 13, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  72. ^ "Note to Readers: Star to end paid digital subscriptions on April 1". Toronto Star. March 7, 2015.
  73. ^ "Registration". Toronto Star. June 28, 2018.
  74. ^ "Toronto Star makes news with innovative Star Touch tablet app". Toronto Star. September 15, 2015.
  75. ^ "Toronto Star Touch hits 100,000 downloads. Have you tried it?". Toronto Star. November 13, 2015.
  76. ^ "Toronto Star Touch launches on Android". Toronto Star. November 30, 2015.
  77. ^ "iTunes". iTunes.
  78. ^ "Google".
  79. ^ "Daily Newspaper Circulation Data". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  80. ^ "Daily Newspaper Circulation Data". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  81. ^ "Opinion | the Star's move requires us to rethink what our office should be, post-pandemic". The Toronto Star. December 29, 2021.
  82. ^ A collection of Hemingway's work in the Star was published as Dateline: Toronto
  83. ^ Sullivan, Jack (December 8, 1953). "After 60 Years In Sport: 500 Sportsmen To Honor William "Billy" Hewitt". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 19.icon of an open green padlock; Sullivan, Jack (December 8, 1953). "Sportsmen Honour W. A. (Billy) Hewitt at Dinner Tonight". The Kingston Whig-Standard. Kingston, Ontario. The Canadian Press. p. 11.icon of an open green padlock
  84. ^ Hughes, Kim (May 18, 2008). "The soundtrack of a generation". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  85. ^ Hughes, Kim (July 8, 2007). "They loved, lusted, lost". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  86. ^ "Harper finds new communication director in ranks of ethnic media". The Globe and Mail. August 31, 2011. Archived from the original on September 6, 2011.
  87. ^ Gordon, Cameron. "Toronto's Star... Ben Rayner In a rockcritics.com interview". Rockcritics.com. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  88. ^ "Ben Rayner". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
Further reading
External links

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