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Tornadoes of 2023

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Tornadoes of 2023
2023 tornado track map summary.png
A map of 2023 United States tornado paths from the results of preliminary surveys.
2023 United States tornado LSR count.png
A chart of the 2023 United States tornado local storm report count compared to years 2005 through 2022, and the 2005-2022 mean.
TimespanJanuary 2–ongoing
Maximum rated tornadoEF3 tornado
Tornadoes in U.S.124
Damage (U.S.)Unknown
Fatalities (U.S.)8
Fatalities (worldwide)8

This page documents notable tornadoes and tornado outbreaks worldwide in 2023. Strong and destructive tornadoes form most frequently in the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Bangladesh, and Eastern India, but can occur almost anywhere under the right conditions. Tornadoes also develop occasionally in southern Canada during the Northern Hemisphere's summer and somewhat regularly at other times of the year across Europe, Asia, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand. Tornadic events are often accompanied by other forms of severe weather, including strong thunderstorms, strong winds, and hail.

There have been 143 preliminary filtered reported tornadoes[1] and 124 confirmed tornadoes in the United States in 2023. Worldwide, eight tornado-related deaths have been confirmed, all of them in the United States.

Through January 12, the combined number of severe thunderstorm warnings and tornado warnings issued by the National Weather Service in the U.S. for the year was the highest on record.[2]

Discover more about Tornadoes of 2023 related topics

Tornado

Tornado

A tornado is a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. It is often referred to as a twister, whirlwind or cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology to name a weather system with a low-pressure area in the center around which, from an observer looking down toward the surface of the Earth, winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, and they are often visible in the form of a condensation funnel originating from the base of a cumulonimbus cloud, with a cloud of rotating debris and dust beneath it. Most tornadoes have wind speeds less than 180 kilometers per hour, are about 80 meters across, and travel several kilometers before dissipating. The most extreme tornadoes can attain wind speeds of more than 480 kilometers per hour (300 mph), are more than 3 kilometers (2 mi) in diameter, and stay on the ground for more than 100 km.

Tornado outbreak

Tornado outbreak

A tornado outbreak is the occurrence of multiple tornadoes spawned by the same synoptic scale weather system. The number of tornadoes required to qualify as an outbreak typically are at least six to ten, with at least two rotational locations or at least two supercells producing multiple tornadoes.

East India

East India

East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal and also the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The region roughly corresponds to the historical region of Magadha from which it inherits its various Eastern Indo-Aryan languages.

Northern Hemisphere

Northern Hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator. For other planets in the Solar System, north is defined as being in the same celestial hemisphere relative to the invariable plane of the solar system as Earth's North Pole.

Severe thunderstorm warning

Severe thunderstorm warning

A severe thunderstorm warning is a severe weather warning product of the National Weather Service that is issued by regional offices of weather forecasting agencies throughout the world to alert the public that severe thunderstorms are imminent or occurring. A severe thunderstorm warning is issued when Doppler weather radar, trained storm spotters or local emergency management personnel indicate that a thunderstorm is producing large hail and high winds capable of causing significant damage, and is expected to continue producing severe weather along the storm's projected track. Flooding is also sometimes caused by torrential rainfall produced by a thunderstorm.

Tornado warning

Tornado warning

A tornado warning is a severe weather warning product of the National Weather Service that is issued by regional offices of weather forecasting agencies throughout the world to alert the public when a tornado has been reported or indicated by weather radar within the parent severe thunderstorm. It can be issued after a tornado, funnel cloud and rotation in the clouds has been witnessed by the public, storm chasers, emergency management or law enforcement, and indicates that residents in the affected areas should take immediate safety precautions.

National Weather Service

National Weather Service

The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States federal government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information. It is a part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) branch of the Department of Commerce, and is headquartered in Silver Spring, Maryland, within the Washington metropolitan area. The agency was known as the United States Weather Bureau from 1890 until it adopted its current name in 1970.

Events

United States yearly total

Confirmed tornadoes by Enhanced Fujita rating
EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5 Total
6 38 58 19 3 0 0 124

January

There have been 124 confirmed tornadoes in the United States in the month of January.

January 2–4

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
5 25 24 4 0 0 0

In early January, a three-day severe weather outbreak brought damaging winds, large hail, and numerous tornadoes to the Southern United States, and impacted the Midwestern United States to a lesser extent. On January 2, the Storm Prediction Center issued an enhanced risk for all of Arkansas and parts of surrounding states, with a 10% hatched risk for tornadoes.

EF2 damage to a home northeast of Jonesboro, Louisiana.
EF2 damage to a home northeast of Jonesboro, Louisiana.

An EF1 tornado damaged homes and the high school in Jessieville, Arkansas, injuring two people.[4][5][6] A large 1.1 mi (1.8 km) wide EF2 tornado caused severe damage near Jonesboro, Louisiana, snapping many large trees, inflicting significant damage to several residences, and injuring three people.[4] Another strong EF2 tornado knocked down metal truss electrical transmission towers near Haile and destroyed an outbuilding. A third large, long-tracked EF2 tornado damaged or destroyed multiple houses, vehicles, and a mobile home in Montrose, Arkansas, and snapped or uprooted countless trees and many power poles along its path.[4][7] The next day, another enhanced risk was issued farther east in the Gulf Coast region, with a 10% hatched risk area for tornadoes in place for parts of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. An EF2 tornado downed many large trees, tore most of the roof off a house, caused roof damage to other homes, and destroyed boathouses and outbuildings at the Jordan Lake Reservoir near Deatsville, Alabama. Several tornadoes touched down as far north as Illinois, including two separate EF0 and EF1 tornadoes that caused damage to outbuildings and farm equipment near Maroa. Another pair of EF1 and EF0 tornadoes also briefly touched down in Decatur, with the EF1 tornado damaging a vacant bowling alley and the EF0 tornado causing minor damage at Richland Community College. Tornadoes continued touching down into the morning of January 4, including a high-end EF1 tornado that damaged several homes, flipped cars, and severely injured a person on the eastern side of Montgomery, Alabama. In Georgia, an EF1 tornado struck the small community of Roosterville, where a barn and a mobile home were destroyed. An EF1 tornado also struck Sandersville, where homes and a warehouse were damaged and many trees were downed, some of which landed on structures. A semi-truck was overturned in Sandersville, injuring the driver.[4][8]

Additional weak tornadoes touched down across parts of the Carolinas later that day before the outbreak came to an end. Widespread flooding also occurred as a result of the storm system, with 8.55 in (21.7 cm) of rain in DeWitt, Arkansas and 4.99 in (12.7 cm) of rain in Greenville, Kentucky. Cane Creek State Park recorded 7.30 in (18.5 cm) of rain, their largest 24-hour total on record.[9] Daily rainfall records were also established in Memphis, Tennessee and Jackson, Mississippi with Amtrak's northbound City of New Orleans being delayed due to flooding and debris on the tracks between the two cities.[10][11] Overall, a total of 58 tornadoes were confirmed.

January 4 (Indonesia)

A weak but large tornado impacted Siguci Village, Pecalungan District, Batang Regency in Indonesia. Multiple houses were damaged by falling trees.[12]

January 12

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 8 19 10 2 0 0
High-end EF2 damage to Crosspoint Christian Church in Selma, Alabama.
High-end EF2 damage to Crosspoint Christian Church in Selma, Alabama.

A significant tornado outbreak impacted the Southeastern United States with several strong and long-tracked tornadoes touching down. One long-lived supercell produced a large high-end EF2 tornado that caused extensive damage in Selma, Alabama. In Selma, a daycare with 70 children plus workers was destroyed, but only one minor injury occurred. The same storm quickly produced a long-tracked EF3 tornado that prompted tornado emergencies for Autauga, Elmore, Chilton, Coosa, and northern Tallapoosa counties[13] causing seven fatalities in the Old Kingston community of Autauga County.[14] It also produced another EF2 tornado that crossed the state line into Georgia. Once into Georgia, the storm produced three additional EF1 tornadoes, three more EF2 tornadoes and another EF3 tornado with the cities of LaGrange, Griffin, and Experiment being especially hard hit. There tornadoes caused a direct death, an indirect death, and at least 28 injuries.[15] Other strong tornadoes caused damage in Winston, Sumter and Mobile counties in Alabama, while weaker tornadoes caused damage in Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, and the Carolinas.[16] Overall, 39 tornadoes were confirmed.

January 13 (Brazil)

A tornado touched down on the afternoon of January 13, causing damage in the municipality of Sangão, Santa Catarina. Meteorologist Piter Sheuer confirmed that it was an F0/1 tornado.[17]

January 17 (Italy)

A brief but strong tornado struck Valmontone, which is part of the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, causing damage all across the comune. The tornado was "from a comma head", which was captured by a surveillance camera. The tornado caused roof damage to multiple structures, with the upper floor of one structure sustaining severe damage, and two people were injured. The European Severe Storms Laboratory rated the tornado F2 on the Fujita scale, with a path length of just 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) and a maximum width of 150 metres (160 yd).[18] After the tornado, Valmontone declared a state of disaster.[19]

January 22

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 0 3 2 0 0 0
EF2 damage to a metal building in Adel, Georgia.
EF2 damage to a metal building in Adel, Georgia.

A line of severe storms produced damaging straight-line winds and multiple tornadoes in the Florida Panhandle and Southeast Georgia throughout January 22, including two low-end EF2 tornadoes. The first one struck the Turquoise Beach, Florida northwest of Santa Rosa Beach, damaging trees and several homes, including three houses that suffered significant roof damage.[20] The other strong tornado struck Northern Adel, Georgia, shifting multiple buildings off their foundations and lofting debris as far as 100 yards (91 m). It also destroyed a motorhome, knocked over a series of centerline irrigation pivots, and damaged trees, some of which fell on homes.[20] Three EF1 tornadoes also touched down that day, bringing the final tornado tally to five.[4]

January 24–25

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 4 8 3 1 0 0
NEXRAD radar data of the EF3 tornado in Deer Park, Texas. An annular ring of debris circling the tornado is visible on the correlation coefficient (bottom left).
NEXRAD radar data of the EF3 tornado in Deer Park, Texas. An annular ring of debris circling the tornado is visible on the correlation coefficient (bottom left).

A severe weather event impacted the Southeastern United States, primarily the Gulf Coast from Southeast Texas to the Florida Panhandle, during the afternoon of January 24 through January 25. Multiple tornadoes were confirmed, including a destructive EF3 tornado that struck Deer Park in the Houston metropolitan area.[21] This prompted the issuance of a tornado emergency, the first ever issued by the National Weather Service's forecast office in Houston.[22][23] Other tornadoes were reported across Southeast Texas, southern Louisiana, and the Florida Panhandle, although most were rated EF0 to EF1.[24] Three people were injured in Ventress, Louisiana when an EF1 tornado flipped a mobile home,[25] and an EF2 tornado damaged numerous homes in the Gaytine community of Beauregard Parish, Louisiana, resulting in three more injuries. In addition to tornadoes, a daily record for rainfall was set in Houston, at 4.05 in (10.3 cm).[26]

Discover more about January related topics

List of United States tornadoes in January 2023

List of United States tornadoes in January 2023

This page documents all tornadoes confirmed by various weather forecast offices of the National Weather Service in the United States during January 2023. Tornado counts are considered preliminary until final publication in the database of the National Centers for Environmental Information.

Arkansas

Arkansas

Arkansas is a landlocked state in the South Central United States. It is bordered by Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east, Louisiana to the south, and Texas and Oklahoma to the west. Its name is from the Osage language, a Dhegiha Siouan language, and referred to their relatives, the Quapaw people. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Jessieville, Arkansas

Jessieville, Arkansas

Jessieville is an unincorporated community located in Garland County, Arkansas, United States. It is located next to Hot Springs Village and north of Hot Springs. Highway 7 runs through the community, and Highway 298 is also inside the town. The town has one school campus, which contains an elementary school, a middle school and a high school.

Jonesboro, Louisiana

Jonesboro, Louisiana

Jonesboro is a town in, and the parish seat of, Jackson Parish in the northern portion of the U.S. state of Louisiana. The population was 4,106 in 2020.

Louisiana

Louisiana

Louisiana is a state in the Deep South and South Central regions of the United States. It is the 20th-smallest by area and the 25th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties, making it one of only two U.S. states not subdivided into counties. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans, with a population of roughly 383,000 people.

Alabama

Alabama

Alabama is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered by Tennessee to the north; Georgia to the east; Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south; and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Jordan Lake (Alabama)

Jordan Lake (Alabama)

Jordan Lake is a lake in Elmore County, Alabama. The closest city is Wetumpka.

Deatsville, Alabama

Deatsville, Alabama

Deatsville is a town in Elmore County, Alabama, United States. Although Deatsville initially incorporated in 1903, it lapsed at some point after the 1910 U.S. Census and did not appear again as incorporated until 2000. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,679,

Illinois

Illinois

Illinois is a state in the Midwestern United States. Its largest metropolitan areas include the Chicago metropolitan area, and the Metro East section, of Greater St. Louis. Other metropolitan areas include Peoria and Rockford, as well as Springfield, its capital. Of the fifty U.S. states, Illinois has the fifth-largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth-largest population, and the 25th-largest land area.

Maroa, Illinois

Maroa, Illinois

Maroa is a city in Macon County, Illinois, United States whose population was 1,801 at the 2010 census, and 1,716 at a 2018 estimate. It is included in the Decatur, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Decatur, Illinois

Decatur, Illinois

Decatur is the largest city and the county seat of Macon County in the U.S. state of Illinois, with a population of 70,522 as of the 2020 Census. The city was founded in 1829 and is situated along the Sangamon River and Lake Decatur in Central Illinois. Decatur is the seventeenth-most populous city in Illinois.

Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina; to the northeast by South Carolina; to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean; to the south by Florida; and to the west by Alabama. Georgia is the 24th-largest state in area and 8th most populous of the 50 United States. Its 2020 population was 10,711,908, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Atlanta, a "beta(+)" global city, is both the state's capital and its largest city. The Atlanta metropolitan area, with a population of more than 6 million people in 2021, is the 8th most populous metropolitan area in the United States and contains about 57% of Georgia's entire population.

Source: "Tornadoes of 2023", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 28th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tornadoes_of_2023.

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See also
References
  1. ^ "Annual Severe Weather Report Summary 2023". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 9, 2023.
  2. ^ Capital Weather Gang [@capitalweather] (January 13, 2023). "The Weather Service has issued more severe thunderstorm and tornado warnings so far this year than any other comparable period on record" (Tweet). Retrieved January 13, 2023 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "Annual U.S. Killer Tornado Statistics". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2023.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Damage Assessment Toolkit". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 4 January 2023.
  5. ^ "NWS Damage Survey for Jessieville Tornado Event". Iowa State University, Iowa Environmental Mesonet. January 3, 2023. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
  6. ^ Staff (January 2, 2023). "UPDATE: Two J'ville staff members suffered minor injuries in storm; school closed Tuesday". The Sentinel-Record. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
  7. ^ "SPC Severe Weather Event Review for Monday January 02, 2023". www.spc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 4 January 2023.
  8. ^ "Storm Prediction Center Today's Storm Reports". www.spc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 4 January 2023.
  9. ^ 'I've never seen anything like it': Severe weather plagues South with flooding rainfall, tornadoes, AccuWeather, January 4, 2023
  10. ^ Damaging weather menaces the Southeast as a 'brutal' storm system threatens California with fresh flooding, WSVN, January 4, 2023
  11. ^ "Tweet See new Tweets Conversation Amtrak Alerts @AmtrakAlerts Official City of New Orleans Train 59, which departed Chicago (CHI) on 1/2, is being delayed between Fulton (FTN) and Memphis (MEM) due to flash flood warnings". Twitter. Retrieved 17 January 2023."UPDATE: City of New Orleans Train 59, which departed Chicago (CHI) on 1/2 continues to be delayed north of Fulton (FTN) due to flash flooding and debris on the tracks". Twitter. Retrieved 17 January 2023."UPDATE: City of New Orleans Train 59 which departed Chicago (CHI) on 1/2 has arrived into Fulton (FTN) 3hrs 40mins late. Further delays are expected due to a flood warning in the area. Updates to follow as more information becomes available". Twitter. Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  12. ^ "3 Rumah di Batang Porak Poranda Diterjang Hujan Campur Angin Kencang". Ayo Semarang. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  13. ^ "BMX Tornado Warning #28". mesonet.agron.iastate.edu. National Weather Service Birmingham AL. Retrieved 12 January 2023."BMX Tornado Warning #29". mesonet.agron.iastate.edu. National Weather Service Birmingham AL. Retrieved 12 January 2023."BMX Tornado Warning #30". mesonet.agron.iastate.edu. National Weather Service Birmingham AL. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  14. ^ "TIMELINE: Seven dead, dozen missing in Autauga County after tornado hits central Alabama". Montgomery Advertiser. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  15. ^ "SPC Severe Weather Event Review for Wednesday January 11, 2023". www.spc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 12 January 2023."SPC Severe Weather Event Review for Thursday January 12, 2023". www.spc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  16. ^ "Tornado hits Selma, Alabama; 7 deaths reported across South". KOLD News13. Retrieved January 13, 2023.
  17. ^ 𝑪𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒍𝒂35 [@QuakeChaser35] (January 14, 2023). "#Brasil 🇧🇷 | Un tornado tocó tierra la tarde del viernes 13 de enero y causó daños en el municipio de #Sangão, estado de Santa Catarina. El meteorólogo Piter Sheuer, confirmó que se trató de un tornado F1 con vientos de hasta 70 km/h. Crédito: @Piter_Scheuer t.co/sdGfqlGahC" [#Brasil 🇧🇷 | A tornado touched down on the afternoon of Friday, January 13, causing damage in the municipality of #Sangão, state of Santa Catarina. Meteorologist Piter Sheuer confirmed that it was an F1 tornado with winds of up to 70 km/h. Credit: @Piter_Scheuer] (Tweet) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 14, 2023. Retrieved January 16, 2023 – via Twitter.
  18. ^ "European Severe Weather Database". European Severe Storms Laboratory. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  19. ^ "AIR TRACK: DAMAGE TO HOMES AND INFRASTRUCTURE. THE STATE OF DISASTER WILL BE ASKED". Facebook. Città di Valmontone. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  20. ^ a b National Weather Service in Tallahassee, Florida (January 23, 2023). NWS Damage Survey for 01/22/2023 Tornado Event (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. Retrieved January 23, 2023.
  21. ^ NWS Houston [@NWSHouston] (January 25, 2023). "NWS Houston can now confirm that the Deer Park/Pasadena tornado will be preliminarily rated EF3, with an estimated maximum path length of 18 mi, maximum path width of 0.66 mi, and maximum wind speed of 140 mph. We will provide a full summary later this evening" (Tweet). Retrieved January 25, 2023 – via Twitter.
  22. ^ "HGX Tornado Warning #8". mesonet.agron.iastate.edu. National Weather Service Houston/Galveston TX. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  23. ^ "According to NWS Houston, this is was the first ever #tornado emergency product issued by the office". Twitter. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  24. ^ "Storm Prediction Center Today's Storm Reports". www.spc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  25. ^ "Three injured, hospitalized in Louisiana after mobile homes were hit by tornado, sheriff says". The Advocate. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  26. ^ Here are the preliminary rainfall totals over the past 24 hours. A record rainfall of 4.05" was set at the City of Houston yesterday. This breaks the old record of 1.94" set in 2011. More detailed rainfall totals across SETX 👉bit.ly/2rWJc19, NWS Houston, Twitter, January 25, 2022

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