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Timeline of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 3

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Timeline of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

This timeline of the third phase of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine covers the period from 29 August 2022, when Ukrainian forces retook substantial ground during counteroffensives in the south and east, to the present day. Starting in October, Russia began a campaign of massive strikes against Ukrainian infrastructure.

This timeline is a dynamic and fluid list, and as such may never satisfy criteria of completeness. Please note that some events may only be fully understood and/or discovered in retrospect.

August 2022

29 August

Ukraine has reportedly launched a counteroffensive in the south.[1] The Ukrainian government said that its military had "breached Russia's first line of defense near Kherson", while the Ukrainian military also claimed to have struck a Russian military base in the Kherson region, though this claim is still not verified.[2] Russian forces claim that Ukrainian forces have suffered "heavy losses". Ukraine also claims that Russian paratroopers have fled the battlefield.[3]

30 August

Ukraine claims to have used decoy HIMARS units made out of wood. This may explain Russian claims of having destroyed multiple HIMARS systems. Ukrainian officials claim to have decoyed 10 Russian 3M-54 Kalibr cruise missiles alone. One US diplomat has noted that Russian sources have claimed more HIMARS destroyed than the US has sent. Another US Pentagon official has confirmed no HIMARS have been destroyed yet.[4]

Images from Maxar Technologies show holes in the roof of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant. IAEA chief Rafael Grossi has confirmed that the support and assistance mission is "now on its way".[5]

31 August

Russia pulled its fighter jets out of Crimea and increased its surface-to-air missiles to defend against future shelling.[6]

Russia has stopped gas supplies to Germany via Nord Stream 1 for three days to perform repairs.[7]

According to the UK MoD, Ukrainian forces pushed the Russian "front line back some distance in places", due to Ukraine "exploiting relatively thinly held Russian defenses".[8]

Ukraine has released footage of a MiG-29 firing an AGM-88 HARM, which had to be somehow integrated into the MiG-29's analogue displays.[9]

Discover more about August 2022 related topics

3M-54 Kalibr

3M-54 Kalibr

The 3M-54 Kalibr,, also referred to it as 3M54-1 Kalibr, 3M14 Biryuza, is a family of Russian cruise missiles developed by the Novator Design Bureau (OKB-8). It first saw service in 1994. There are ship-launched, submarine-launched and air-launched versions of the missile, and variants for anti-ship, anti-submarine and land attack use. Some versions have a second propulsion stage that initiates a supersonic sprint in the terminal approach to the target, reducing the time that target's defense systems have to react, while subsonic versions have greater range than the supersonic variants. The missile can carry a warhead weighing up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of explosive or a thermonuclear warhead.

Maxar Technologies

Maxar Technologies

Maxar Technologies Inc. is a space technology company headquartered in Westminster, Colorado, United States, specializing in manufacturing communication, Earth observation, radar, and on-orbit servicing satellites, satellite products, and related services. DigitalGlobe and MDA Holdings Company merged to become Maxar Technologies on October 5, 2017. Maxar Technologies is the parent holding company of Space Systems Loral, headquartered in Palo Alto, California, US; DigitalGlobe, headquartered in Westminster, Colorado, US; and Radiant Solutions, headquartered in Herndon, Virginia, US. Maxar Technologies is dual-listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange as MAXR.

Rafael Grossi

Rafael Grossi

Rafael Mariano Grossi is an Argentine diplomat. He has served as Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since December 3, 2019. He was formerly the Argentine Ambassador to Austria, concurrent with Slovenia, Slovakia and International Organisations based in Vienna (2013–2019).

Nord Stream 1

Nord Stream 1

Nord Stream is a pair of offshore natural gas pipelines in Europe that run under the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany. It comprises the Nord Stream 1 (NS1) pipeline running from Vyborg in northwestern Russia, near Finland, and the Nord Stream 2 (NS2) pipeline running from Ust-Luga in northwestern Russia near Estonia. Both pipelines run to Lubmin in the northeastern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Each pipeline comprises two pipes, denoted A and B; each of the four pipes is approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) long and with approximate diameters of 1,220 millimetres (48 in). The combined capacity of the four pipes is 110 billion cubic metres per annum of natural gas.



The AGM-88 HARM is a tactical, air-to-surface anti-radiation missile designed to home in on electronic transmissions coming from surface-to-air radar systems. It was originally developed by Texas Instruments as a replacement for the AGM-45 Shrike and AGM-78 Standard ARM system. Production was later taken over by Raytheon Corporation when it purchased the defense production business of Texas Instruments.

September 2022

1 September

IAEA inspectors arrived at the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant.[10]

Ravil Maganov, the chairman of Lukoil, had died. According to Interfax, Maganov "fell out of a window of the Central Clinical Hospital" and "died from his injuries". Lukoil was one of the few Russian companies to oppose the war in Ukraine, calling for an "immediate" end to the war. Maganov's death is the latest mysterious death of current or former Russian businessmen since the war began.[11]

2 September

Norwegian state-owned oil company Equinor exited the last of their joint ventures in Russia following the February invasion by withdrawing from the joint venture with Lukoil and exiting the Kharyaga project on 2 September 2022.[12]

Ukraine arrested a woman in the eastern Dnipropetrovsk region. She was accused of sending the details of her husband's unit and other military information to Russian forces which was then used to the advantage of Russian military action.[13]

Russian support for the war in Ukraine remains stable despite it dragging on for six months. The greatest disagreement was on whether to continue the war or proceed to negotiations.[14]

Ukraine is searching the UK for foundries to make 155 mm ammunition due to Western stockpiles running low. BAE systems can increase production however Ukrainian officials are looking for other manufacturers. The US has sent "806,000" of these rounds to Ukraine and replacing them could take as long as "18 months".[15]

3 September

Gazprom has maintained its shutdown of Nord Stream 1 without providing a date for restarting the flow of gas. Gazprom cites Western sanctions as the reason that it cannot fix the "malfunction" in the pipe, which is claimed to be a leak. Brussels has called it an economic weapon.[16]

According to the UK MoD, since 29 August Ukrainian forces have gained surprise due to mistakes made by Russian commanders and logistical problems Russian forces face. There are three main thrusts by Ukrainian forces into Kherson Oblast. Ukraine has also destroyed pontoon bridges used by Russian forces.[17][18]

4 September

The Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant has been cut from its main power line, with only a reserve line operational, which is supplying power to the grid. Only one of the six reactors remains operational.[19] Russia blamed this on an alleged Ukrainian attempt to retake the plant.[20]

After not being used for several months Ukraine is now using Bayraktar TB2 drones again. Ukraine has started putting footage from these online again after no new footage in the last two months. This has been credited to the use of HARM missiles and their impact on Russian air defences.[21]

6 September

Artem Bardin, a Russian-installed official in Berdyansk, was seriously injured in a bomb attack.[22]

Sky News reported that Russia bought rockets from North Korea to assist with the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[23]

7 September

Ukraine's SBU Alpha Group in Kupiansk during the Kharkiv counteroffensive, early September 2022
Ukraine's SBU Alpha Group in Kupiansk during the Kharkiv counteroffensive, early September 2022

The US is looking to double its production of 155 mm shells due to a need to replenish US stocks as well as supply Ukrainian needs. The Pentagon wants to increase the number of HIMARS built each month to 12.[24]

9 September

Ukrainian forces retook parts of Kharkiv Oblast.[25]

10 September

As part of a major counteroffensive, Ukrainian forces recaptured Kupiansk and Izium; according to the UK Ministry of Defence, Russian defences in the Kharkiv region were "likely taken by surprise".[26] By late afternoon, Ukrainian troops were reported to have reached Lysychansk in Luhansk Oblast.[27][28] The Russian Ministry of Defence spokesperson Igor Konashenkov responded to these developments by claiming that Russian forces in the Balakliya and Izyum area would "regroup" in the Donetsk area "in order to achieve the stated goals of the special military operation to liberate Donbas". Ukrainian President Zelenskyy said that Ukraine has recaptured 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) since the start of the counteroffensive.[29]

11 September

The Russian Ministry of Defense published a map which confirmed that Russian forces in Kharkiv region had retreated to the east bank of the Oskol river.[30] The settlements of Kozachya Lopan,[31] Vovchansk and Lyptsi[32] were confirmed as being under control of Ukrainian forces. By late afternoon, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the formal withdrawal of Russian forces from nearly all of Kharkiv Oblast stating that an "operation to curtail and transfer troops" was underway.[33][34]

Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov questioned Russian leadership of the war, writing on Telegram:[35] "They have made mistakes and I think they will draw the necessary conclusions. If they don't make changes in the strategy of conducting the special military operation in the next day or two, I will be forced to contact the leadership of the Defense Ministry and the leadership of the country to explain the real situation on the ground."[36]

Kharkiv power plant after missile strike
Kharkiv power plant after missile strike

Following the 2022 Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive, Russia launched missile strikes with Kalibr cruise missiles on critical infrastructure objects, including Kharkiv TEC-5, causing a total blackout and water shutdown in Northeastern Ukraine and the Kharkiv and Donetsk Oblasts.[37][38]

12 September

Ukraine claimed it had reached the Russia–Ukraine border.[39] Zelenskyy said that Ukrainian forces had retaken a total of 6,000 square kilometres (2,300 sq mi) from Russia, in both the south and the east; the BBC could not verify the claims.[40]

Thirty-five Russian municipal deputies signed a petition calling for Putin to resign.[41]

13 September

On the Kherson front, it was reported that Russian forces had withdrawn from Kiselyovka, a settlement 15 km from Kherson.[42][43] The Ukrainian armed forces announced that the frontline in the Kherson region had advanced by 12 km and that 500 square kilometres (190 sq mi) including 13 settlements had been recovered.[44]

Ukrainian Governor of Luhansk Oblast, Serhiy Haidai, stated that Russian forces had left Kreminna three days ago, the Ukrainian flag has been raised by local residents and that Ukrainian forces had not yet entered the town. He also said that Russian forces had fled Starobilsk, adding that the city was "practically empty".[42]

14 September

Flood after rocket strikes on the dam of Karachunivske Reservoir (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast)
Flood after rocket strikes on the dam of Karachunivske Reservoir (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast)

After a phone call with Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz told journalists that Putin did not seem to believe that the invasion of Ukraine was a mistake. UN Secretary-General António Guterres also said that prospects for a peace negotiation were "minimal".[45]

Russian forces launched eight cruise missiles at the dam of the Karachunivske reservoir causing extensive flooding in Kryvyi Rih and a 2.5 metres (8 ft) increase of water level in the Inhulets River.[46]

15 September

The United States announced a $600 million aid package for Ukraine, including additional HIMARS ammunition, "tens of thousands" of 105 mm artillery rounds, one thousand 155 mm rounds, counter-drone systems, winter gear, and night vision devices.[47]

16 September

BM-21 missiles and heavy artillery shelled Nikopol, injuring 1 and damaging 11 high-rise buildings, a kindergarten, a school, gas furnaces, and power lines.[48]

17 September

Two people were killed as the result of a rocket attack by Russian forces on residential buildings in the town of Chuhuiv.[49]

18 September

Catherine, Princess of Wales met Olena Zelenska, the first lady of Ukraine, at Buckingham Palace on Sunday.[50]

19 September

Rocket strike near the South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant

The Ukrainian Ground Forces recaptured the village of Bilohorivka in Luhansk Oblast during their advance on Lysychansk.[51]

A Russian missile hit the outskirts of the South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant, damaging buildings and a neighboring hydroelectric power station. Nuclear reactors were not damaged.[52]

20 September

The Russian State Duma introduced laws prohibiting voluntary surrender and looting, with aggravating circumstances including committing the crime "during mobilization or martial law". Under those circumstances, refusing to obey a superior's order or participate in military action was also made illegal. Penalties for not reporting for military duty, or leaving it without permission, were increased.[53]

The Russian-appointed officials of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics announced referendums to approve their annexation by Russia on 23–27 September.[54][55] Similar referendums were announced by the occupying Russian officials in Kherson and Zaporizhzhia.[56][57]

The Council of the EU approved 5 billion euros of macro-financial assistance for Ukraine.[58]

21 September

After a delay in broadcasting[59] Vladimir Putin announces a partial mobilization in his address on the morning of 21 September.

In a prerecorded speech, Vladimir Putin officially announced partial mobilization to begin immediately. Although Putin's address stated only reservists will be called up, with a focus on reservists with military experience, the official decree allowed for any citizen to be conscripted with exceptions for only age, sickness, and imprisonment status; it was reported that anti-war protesters who had been arrested were being conscripted.[60] Furthermore, militants in the Luhansk and Donetsk People's Republics will be considered soldiers of the Russian Federation going forward, and the LPR and DPR military units will be reordered according to Russian standards.[61] Defence minister Sergei Shoigu said that 300,000 reservists will be mobilized.[62] Putin also raised the threat of a nuclear response, saying "Russia will use all the instruments at its disposal to counter a threat against its territorial integrity—this is not a bluff".[63]

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia reported that Russia released ten foreign prisoners of war after mediation by Mohammed bin Salman.[64] According to Robert Jenrick, the junior health minister of Britain, Aiden Aslin is among the prisoners released.[65] Viktor Medvedchuk was reportedly freed as part of the deal.[66]

A record high of 215 Ukrainian soldiers, including fighters who led the defence of the Azovstal steelworks in Mariupol, have been released in a prisoner exchange with Russia after mediation by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[67] Zelenskyy announced that, as part of the agreement, five of the freed captives would remain in Turkey in secure but comfortable conditions until the war is over.[68]

23 September

Russian-occupied regions held referendums to join Russia. US President Joe Biden and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz referred to them as shams.[69]

In Izium, in the Kharkiv region, the exhumation a mass burial was completed. A total of 436 bodies were recovered, of which thirty had traces of torture.[70]

The Armed Forces of Ukraine reestablished control over the settlement of Yatskivka in the Donetsk region. The settlement is east of the Oskil river, which acts as a front line for a large portion of the eastern front.[71]

26 September

The United Kingdom introduced new sanctions against Russia due to Russia's holding of pseudo-referendums in occupied Ukrainian territories. The sanctions list includes 92 individuals and legal entities, including 33 Russian officials sent to the occupied territories of Ukraine as well as 55 top managers of Russian state-owned companies.[72]

27 September

More than 1600 Russian propaganda accounts were taken down by Facebook.[73]

The Armed Forces of Ukraine retook the village of Kupiansk-Vuzlovyi in the Kharkiv region. As of 27 September, up to 6% of the territory of the Kharkiv region remained under occupation.[74]

The results of the referendums in the Russian-occupied territories were announced, all of which were in favor of annexation into Russia, with Donetsk 99.23% in favour, Luhansk 98.42% in favour, Kherson 87.05%, and Zaporizhzhia at 93.11%. There were planned votes in the Mykolaiv and Kharkiv oblasts that never materialized, mainly owing to limited control of territory.[75] As a side effect of these referendums, Russia may now claim that the "very existence of the state is at risk", since much of the war is happening on what it now illegally considers Russian territory. This may be used as justification of using nuclear weapons.[76][77]

Over 194,000 Russian citizens, primarily fighting age men and their families, have left Russia in what has been called a "mass exodus" after the announcement of a draft of 300,000 citizens to fight in the war. Many have gone to Kazakhstan, Serbia, Georgia, and Finland.[78]

28 September

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg attributed the Nord Stream pipeline leaks to acts of sabotage.[79] The next day, the Swedish Coast Guard found a fourth leak on Nord Stream 2.[80]

The Ukrainian police have recorded at least 582 war crimes committed by Russia in the formerly occupied territories of the Kharkiv Oblast.[81]

The United States announced a $1.1 billion aid package to Ukraine,[82] including:[83][84]

29 September

Finland announced the closure of its borders to Russian citizens at midnight.[85] The Finnish Government deemed that the Russian mobilization and the rapidly increasing volume of tourists arriving in and transiting via the country endanger Finland's international position and relations.[86][87]

Ukraine fully captured Kupiansk. Russian soldiers held positions on the eastern beach of the river Oskil that flows through the city. Exchange of fire happened until the positions had been taken.[88]

Vladimir Putin signed decrees recognizing the sovereignty and independence of Kherson Oblast and Zaporizhzhia Oblast.[89]

30 September

At least thirty civilians died and dozens more were injured in Zaporizhzhia when a Russian missile hit a humanitarian convoy.[90]

Putin held a speech in a so-called "signing ceremony" intended to mark the Russian annexation of Southeastern Ukraine. In the speech, Putin announced claims on Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia, saying they were now "four new regions" of the Russian Federation.[91] In response, Zelenskyy asked NATO to give Ukraine membership into the military alliance.[92]

Discover more about September 2022 related topics

International Atomic Energy Agency

International Atomic Energy Agency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an intergovernmental organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. It was established in 1957 as an autonomous organization within the United Nations system; though governed by its own founding treaty, the organization reports to both the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations, and is headquartered at the UN Office at Vienna, Austria.

Ravil Maganov

Ravil Maganov

Ravil Ulfatovich Maganov was a Russian oligarch who was the chairman of the national oil company Lukoil.



The PJSC Lukoil Oil Company is a Russian multinational energy corporation headquartered in Moscow, specializing in the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of petroleum, natural gas, petroleum products, and electricity. It was formed in 1991 when three state-run, western Siberian companies named after the respective town in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug that each was based in, Langepasneftegaz, Urayneftegaz, and Kogalymneftegaz, merged. Its name is the combination of the acronym LUK and the English word "oil".



Interfax is a Russian news agency. The agency is owned by Interfax News Agency joint-stock company and is headquartered in Moscow.

Moscow Central Clinical Hospital

Moscow Central Clinical Hospital

The Central Clinical Hospital of the Administrative directorate of the President of the Russian Federation is a heavily guarded facility 14 kilometres west of the Kremlin in an exclusive, wooded suburban area known as Kuntsevo. It is considered to be the best hospital in Russia. The hospital is guarded by the Federal Protective Service.



Equinor ASA is a Norwegian state-owned multinational energy company headquartered in Stavanger. It is primarily a petroleum company, operating in 36 countries with additional investments in renewable energy. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, Equinor was ranked as the 169th-largest public company in the world. As of 2021, the company has 21,126 employees.

Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)

Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Defence is the department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by His Majesty's Government, and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.

Sky News

Sky News

Sky News is a British free-to-air television news channel and organisation. Sky News is distributed via an English-language radio news service, and through online channels. It is owned by Sky Group, a division of Comcast. John Ryley is the head of Sky News, a role he has held since June 2006. In 2019, Sky News was named Royal Television Society News Channel of the Year, the 12th time it has held the award. The channel and its live streaming world news is available on its website, TV platforms, and online platforms such as YouTube and Apple TV, and various mobile devices and digital media players.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has caused tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. About 8 million Ukrainians were displaced within their country by late May, and more than 7.9 million fled the country by 3 January 2023.

Security Service of Ukraine

Security Service of Ukraine

The Security Service of Ukraine or SBU is the law enforcement authority and main intelligence and security agency of the Ukrainian government, in the areas of counter-intelligence activity and combating organized crime and terrorism. The Constitution of Ukraine defines the SBU as a military formation, and its staff are considered military personnel with ranks. It is subordinated directly under the authority of the president of Ukraine. The SBU also operates its own special forces unit, the Alpha Group.

Alpha Group (Ukraine)

Alpha Group (Ukraine)

Special Group "Alpha" is an elite Ukrainian Spetsnaz group, branch of the Security Service of Ukraine; and a successor of the Soviet Union's Alpha Group. Group Alpha is one of the top divisions of the special forces of Ukraine.

Battle of Kupiansk

Battle of Kupiansk

The Battle of Kupiansk was the third battle of the Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive that began on September 8, 2022 and ended on September 16, 2022. A Financial Times article on 28 September depicted the battle as "The 90km journey that changed the course of the war in Ukraine."

October 2022

1 October

Ukrainian troops raised the Ukrainian flag at an entrance to the city of Lyman.[93][94] Russia confirmed that it had lost control of Lyman later that afternoon.[95][96]

Zelenskyy announced that Ukrainian soldiers retook Yampil, a town near Lyman.[97]

Kyiv announced the deaths of 24 citizens, 13 of whom were children, in a Russian strike in Kharkiv.[98]

Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov called on Putin to take "more drastic measures", including martial law and the use of low-yield nuclear weapons. This is in response to the Russian withdrawal from Lyman where he placed blame on communication among leadership and supply issues.[99]

2 October

A Ukrainian armoured offensive burst through Russian lines in the south capturing multiple villages along the Dnieper river. This was the biggest Ukrainian advance in the south since the war began.[100]

3 October

It was reported that Russian forces had fled from Nyzhe Zolone, Pidlyman, Nyznya Zhuravka, Borova and Shyikivka in Kharkiv Oblast and that Ukrainian authorities had regained control of those settlements, effectively ending the Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast.[101][102]

4 October

According to Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu, more than 200,000 people have been called up for military service since Russia announced a "partial mobilization".[103]

The US announced a new package of $625 million to Ukraine. They also sent 4 more HIMARS rocket artillery systems.[104]

Ukrainian forces regained control of numerous settlements north of the Dnieper River in Kherson Oblast including Davydiv Brid, Lyubymivka, Khreshchenivka, Zolota Balka, Bilyaivka, Ukrainka and Velyka Oleksandrivka.[105]

5 October

The pro-Russian deputy head of the Kherson region, Kirill Stremousov, stated that Russian forces were regrouping to strike back at Ukrainian troops; he added that the Ukrainian advance had been "halted" and therefore it was "not possible" for the Ukrainian Army to break through to the city of Kherson.[106] The Russians were seemingly retreating to fortified positions around Nova Kakhovka.[107] Russian officers (but not troops) were reported as withdrawing from Snihurivka.[108]

6 October

According to CNN, unidentified "US intelligence officials" believe that the car bombing of Darya Dugina may have been authorized "by elements within the Ukrainian government".[109]

Ukrainian authorities found two mass graves in liberated Lyman.[110][111]

Russian forces launched seven rockets into apartment buildings in Zaporizhzhia, killing at least three people and wounding twelve others.[112][113] The casualties rose to 17 (including one child) by 9 October.[114][115]

7 October

Ukrainian officials said they shot down 20 drones in the last 24 hours.[116]

8 October

An explosion on the Crimean Bridge caused a section to burn and partially collapse resulting in the death of at least 3 people.[117][118]

9 October

Russian Armed Forces launched six missiles at an apartment block in Zaporizhzhia, resulting in the deaths of 13 people and injuring more than 89 others.[119]

10 October

Kyiv after the missile strikes
Kyiv after the missile strikes

Russia launched a massive missile strike across the entire territory of Ukraine, including the capital, Kyiv, killing at least 23 civilians and injuring more than 100.[120][121][122] Putin said that Russia carried out this attack as revenge for the attack on the Crimean Bridge.[123] The German Embassy in Kyiv was damaged due to the strikes. No officials were present at the embassy since it has been vacant since the war began.[124]

Alexander Lukashenko announced Belarus would form a "joint regional group of forces" with Russia, possibly also joining the war further on.[125] Lukashenko said, "If they touch one metre of our territory then the Crimean Bridge will seem to them like a walk in the park."[126]

12 October

United Nations General Assembly resolution, 12 October 2022
United Nations General Assembly resolution, 12 October 2022

The United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution ES-11/4 by a large majority, calling on countries not to recognise the four regions of Ukraine which Russia has claimed, following so-called referendums held late last month, and demanding that Moscow reverse course on its "attempted illegal annexation". 143 member states voted in favor and 35 abstained, notably China and India. Only Belarus, North Korea, Nicaragua, Russia and Syria voted against the resolution.[127]

13 October

Russian forces launched eight missiles at Mykolaiv, hitting a five-story residential building. One of the victims was an 11-year-old boy.[128][129]

A Ukrainian MiG-29 became the first manned aircraft to be downed by a drone during combat. The pilot claimed to have destroyed a Shahed-136 drone with his cannon, with the resulting blast downing the aircraft and hospitalising the pilot.[130][131]

15 October

Eleven people were killed and 15 others injured after two shooters opened fire on a group of volunteers at a Russian military training ground in Soloti, Belgorod Oblast, near the border with Ukraine. The two attackers were killed during the incident.[132][133]

17 October

A destroyed house in Kyiv
A destroyed house in Kyiv

Ukrainian officials claimed to have found wreckage of multiple HESA Shahed 136 kamikaze drones which struck Kyiv, causing three to four explosions and killing at least 4 people, according to the city's mayor, Vitali Klitschko. Another four were killed in Sumy. This came after Russian President Vladimir Putin said there was no need for further "large-scale" strikes on Ukraine. According to a Reuters journalist, some drones bore the inscription "For Belgorod". In Mykolaiv the mayor, Oleksandr Senkevich, said sunflower oil tanks caught fire after a drone attack. The Ukrainian Air Force said it intercepted 37 drones.[134][135][136]

A Russian Sukhoi Su-34 fighter-bomber crashed into a residential building in the Russian city of Yeysk, causing multiple apartments to catch fire. The pilots managed to eject safely, according to Russian agencies; 13 people were killed and 19 injured in the crash.[137]

18 October

According to Ukrainian officials, Russian forces have struck "critical infrastructure" north of Kyiv and in Zhytomyr, leading to water and power cuts in Zhytomyr. In Kyiv "several explosions" were heard, while in Mykolaiv a person is claimed to have been killed by a missile strike. Dnipro was also attacked. President Zelenskyy claims that over the last 8 days, since 10 October, a third of Ukrainian power stations have been destroyed. He wrote on Twitter: "no space left for negotiations with Russian President Vladimir Putin's regime."[138][139] In total, over the last 10 days, Ukrainian national emergency services claim that 70 people were killed, 290 were wounded and 1,162 villages and towns remain without power due to attacks on electrical infrastructure.[140]

In a prisoner swap between Ukraine and Russia, 108 women were freed, including 97 service personnel and 37 Azovstal evacuees.[141]

Ukraine recognised the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria as "Territory temporarily occupied by Russia".[142]

19 October

Sergey Surovikin said that civilians were being relocated from Kherson in preparation for a Ukrainian offensive on the city. It looks to be aimed at 50 to 60 thousand civilians. Ukraine has called on residents to ignore the Russian move.[143][144]

Russian President Vladimir Putin declared martial law in the annexed Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson, and Zaporizhzhia Oblasts. Russia also introduced an "intermediate response level" in Crimea and Sevastopol, and in regions bordering Ukraine: Krasnodar Krai and the Belgorod, Bryansk, Voronezh, Kursk, and Rostov Oblasts.[145]

22 October

Power outages were reported across Ukraine as Russian airstrikes across the country struck critical infrastructure and energy facilities.[146]

23 October

The US has dismissed Russian fears of Ukraine using a dirty bomb.[147] Two weeks later, UN nuclear inspectors announced they had found no evidence of a dirty bomb in Ukraine.[148]

24 October

Ukraine has accused Russia of delaying 165 cargo ships heading from Turkey to Ukraine.[149]

26 October

Russia started recruiting members of the Afghan National Army Commando Corps, soldiers trained by the US Navy SEALs and British Armed Forces.[150]

A Russian missile strike on Dnipro killed two people, including a pregnant woman.[151]

Russian forces have deported about 70,000 Ukrainian civilians from the right bank of the Dnieper river, some of them to southern Russia.[152]

27 October

Vladimir Putin is said to have monitored drills of Russia's strategic nuclear forces.[153]

Moscow-backed authorities in Zaporizhzhia ordered phone checks on local residents following the implementation of military censorship.[154]

Kyiv will have stricter blackouts due to the drone strikes.[154]

28 October

South Korea has denied they were sending weapons to Ukraine after Putin's remarks that such a move "would destroy relations".[155]

The European Union appointed General Piotr Trytek of Poland to lead its training mission for Ukrainian troops.[156]

29 October

The Russian-occupied Sevastopol Naval Base was attacked by unmanned surface vehicles and drones. Nine UAVs and seven USVs were destroyed according to Russian officials.[157] Russia accused Britain of being involved in the preparation of the attacks.[158] The UK Ministry of Defence responded, saying Russia was "peddling lies on an epic scale".[159] After the attack, Russia suspended its participation in the Black Sea Grain Initiative[158] but resumed its participation four days later.[160] One of the ships which appeared to be damaged in videos was the Admiral Makarov, the new flagship of Russia's Black Sea Fleet following the sinking of the Moskva.[161][162][163]

31 October

Russian Armed Forces launched more than 50 missiles at energy infrastructure in Kyiv, and other regions such as Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia, Cherkasy and Kirovohrad.[164][165] 13 people were injured by the strikes. Up to 18 facilities were hit, according to Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal. 40% of Kyiv residents were left without water and 270,000 apartments were left without electricity. One missile shot down by Ukraine fell in the Moldovan village of Naslavcea, causing no casualties but shattering windows in some houses. Moldova told an unnamed Russian embassy employee to leave the country, making him a persona non grata.[165]

Discover more about October 2022 related topics

Lyman, Ukraine

Lyman, Ukraine

Lyman, formerly Krasnyi Lyman from 1925 to 2016, is a city in the Donetsk region of Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Until 2016, it also served as the administrative center of Lyman Raion, though it was not a part of the raion. It still serves as the center of Lyman hromada. The population was 20,066 down from 28,172 in 2001. In October 2022, following the two Battles of Lyman of the 2022 Russian Invasion of Ukraine, the population was estimated to be approximately 5,000.

Kharkiv Oblast

Kharkiv Oblast

Kharkiv Oblast, also referred to as Kharkivshchyna, is an oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine.

Ramzan Kadyrov

Ramzan Kadyrov

Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov is a Russian politician who currently serves as the Head of the Chechen Republic. He was formerly affiliated to the Chechen Independence movement, through his father who was the separatist appointed mufti of Chechnya. He is a colonel general in the Russian military.



The Dnieper or Dnipro is one of the major transboundary rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after the Volga, Danube, and Ural rivers. It is approximately 2,200 km (1,400 mi) long, with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi).

Borova, Kharkiv Oblast

Borova, Kharkiv Oblast

Borova is an urban-type settlement in Izium Raion, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Borova settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 5,174.

Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast

Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast

The Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast, officially the Kharkov Military–Civilian Administration, known in Ukrainian as Kharkiv Military–civilian administration, is an ongoing military occupation that began on 24 February 2022, after Russian forces invaded Ukraine and began capturing and occupying parts of Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine. Russian forces failed to capture the capital of the oblast, Kharkiv. However, other major cities including Izium, Kupiansk, and Balakliia were captured by Russian forces. The city of Chuhuiv was captured by Russian forces on 25 February, but was recaptured by Ukrainian forces on 7 March. As of November 2022, Russian forces only occupy a small portion of land in the Kharkiv Oblast.



The M142 HIMARS is a light multiple rocket launcher developed in the late 1990s for the United States Army and mounted on a standard United States Army Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) truck frame.

Kherson Oblast

Kherson Oblast

Kherson Oblast, also known as Khersonshchyna, is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine, currently claimed and partly occupied by Russia. It is located just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson, on the west bank of the Dnieper which bisects the oblast. The area of the region is 28,461 km2 and the population 1,016,707. It is considered the 'fruit basket' of the country, as much of its agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.

Davydiv Brid

Davydiv Brid

Davydiv Brid is a village in Beryslav Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine, about 76 kilometres (47 mi) northeast of the centre of Kherson city. It belongs to the Velyka Oleksandrivka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. The village lies besides the Inhulets river. The border of Kherson Oblast with Mykolaiv Oblast runs on the north-west side of the village.



Khreshchenivka is a village in Beryslav Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine, about 127 kilometres (79 mi) northeast of the centre of Kherson city. It belongs to the Novovorontsovka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.

Kirill Stremousov

Kirill Stremousov

Kirill Sergeyevich Stremousov was a Ukrainian and Russian politician and blogger who served as the deputy head of the Kherson military–civilian administration in Russian-occupied Ukraine from 26 April 2022 until his death on 9 November 2022, just before Russia ordered a retreat from Kherson.



Snihurivka is a small city in Bashtanka Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It was occupied by Russia from March 2022 until early November 2022. It hosts the administration of the Snihurivka urban hromada. Population of Snihurivka is 12,045

November 2022

1 November

Russia announced the completion of its partial mobilization.[166]

3 November

The US said that North Korea was covertly shipping artillery to Russia.[167]

In a prisoner swap, 107 Ukrainian servicemen were returned to Ukraine.[168]

The Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant is running on backup generators due to Russian shelling.[169]

4 November

Ukrainian Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov has announced that Ukroboronprom will start manufacturing 152 and 122mm shells for its Soviet-era weapons.[170]

5 November

Demining in Kharkiv region
Demining in Kharkiv region

President Putin has signed a decree that allows people convicted of serious crimes to be mobilised into the Russian army. Exempted from this decree are people convicted of sex crimes involving minors and crimes against the state such as treason, spying or terrorism—such people still cannot be mobilised. This could allow "hundreds of thousands" of people to be mobilised.[171]

9 November

Ukrainian forces entered Snihurivka.[172] Russian forces announced their withdrawal from the city of Kherson and their retreat to the east bank of the Dnipro.[173][174]

The pro-Russian deputy head of the Kherson region, Kirill Stremousov, died in a car crash near Henichesk.[175][176][177]

10 November

Fields in Kharkiv region strewn with craters

Several United States officials announced a $400 million military aid package to Ukraine, including ammunition for the High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), mortars and missiles for the Hawk surface-to-air anti-aircraft system, and, for the first time, Avenger air defense systems.[178]

11 November

Ukrainian troops entered the city of Kherson with little fighting, while the front line reached the western bank of the Dnipro River.[179][180]

14 November

The United Nations General Assembly has passed a resolution that holds Russia responsible for all damage caused to Ukraine by the invasion and demands reparations.[181]

15 November

Fire after strike on an infrastructure facility in Kyiv Oblast
Fire after strike on an infrastructure facility in Kyiv Oblast

Russia launched about 85 to 100 missiles at a number of Ukrainian cities. The recent strategic bombing campaign has caused severe shortages of electricity and water at multiple cities.[182][183][184] According to the Ukrainian Air Force some 77 of 96 Russian missiles were shot down. A Pentagon official claims the Russian plan is to exhaust the Ukrainian air defences. At one stage some 50 missiles were in combat "within minutes" near the Polish border.[185][186]

A missile crossed over Polish borders and struck the village of Przewodów, killing two civilians. Top leaders in Poland held an emergency meeting.[187] Initial assessments by the United States found that the missile was likely to have been an air defence missile fired by Ukrainian forces at an incoming Russian missile.[188][189][190]

According to Ukraine's Operational Command South, Ukrainian rocket and artillery units attacked Russian positions on the left bank of the Dnipro River and in the area of the Kinburn Spit.[191][192]

17 November

After the missile strikes, more than 10 million people were without power by 17 November, but a day later Ukrainian officials reported that electricity had already been restored to "nearly 100%" of Ukraine.[193][194]

According to Ukrainian officials, one of the wrecks of missiles found after a missile attack earlier that day is that of an "X-55/Kh-55" cruise missile. These missiles are apparently incapable of carrying a conventional warhead, but this specific missile had an "imitation block" (model for training) of a nuclear bomb. They believe that the missile was meant to help overwhelm Ukraine's missile defenses.[195]

20 November

New Zealand Defence Minister Peeni Henare became the first NZ minister to visit Kyiv. He has indicated that New Zealand is prepared to consider more aid.[196]

23 November

Hospital in Vilniansk after missile strike on 23 November
Hospital in Vilniansk after missile strike on 23 November

The European Parliament declared Russia a "state sponsor of terrorism" for the way Russia has systematically attacked civilians and committed war crimes. This declaration is itself symbolic, but calls for more sanctions.[197][198][199]

The Russian military has launched 65 to 70 missiles at civilian settlements and energy infrastructure, although 51 of those were said to have been shot down. The attack caused blackouts over much of Ukraine and forced several nuclear power plants to shut down.[200][201][202] Much of Moldova was also experiencing blackouts due to the attack-related power grid failure in Ukraine.[203]

25 November

According to U.S. and Ukrainian officials, about 1/3 of Western-supplied artillery is always out of action in Ukraine due to wear-related mechanical problems. The United States European Command is said to have a repair base in Poland, but it is problematic to transport the weapons there from the front.[204]

28 November

The Russian army was actively pushing on both sides of Bakhmut, a city in the immediate vicinity of the front on the Ukrainian side. The Russians were trying to encircle the town, but according to observers, they were making very slow progress, so there was no immediate danger to the settlement and the Russians might not be able to encircle it at the current rate.[205]

29 November

Jens Stoltenberg, the Secretary-General of NATO, made a speech at the meeting of NATO foreign ministers at Bucharest, in which he expressed alliance commitment to support Ukraine for as long as is required, because allowing Russia to win would only embolden Putin.[206] He also promised Ukraine that NATO would one day accept them as a member and that Putin cannot deny sovereign nations the right to make their own sovereign decisions that are not a threat to Russia. He also speculated that the main challenges to Putin are democracy and freedom.[207][208]

30 November

Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, speaking in the name of the EU, suggested the creation of a UN court to investigate war crimes committed by Russia. Russia does not recognize the International Criminal Court, so the European Commission has proposed two possible alternative ways to hold Russia accountable: either to create a court that would be set up by international treaties, or to create an international court with a number of judges from several countries. She estimated the war-damage to Ukraine is about 600 billion Euros. She proposed a financial plan to help pay for this. She pointed out that the EU has frozen 300 billion Euros worth of Russian central bank reserves and 20 billion Euros worth of money belonging to Russias oligarchs, which she suggested should be invested. The investments could be given to Ukraine when sanctions are lifted.[209][210][211] The original statement by Ursula von der Leyen included a claim that 100,000 Ukrainian soldiers and 20,000 Ukrainian civilians have been killed so far in the war. This angered unspecified Ukrainian military officials, who are reported to have said that the death toll is classified information. In response, the European Commission edited the video of von der Leyen's speech to remove this information. Official publications of the text of the speech was also edited to omit the numbers.[212][213]

Discover more about November 2022 related topics

North Korea

North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia. It constitutes the northern half of the Korean Peninsula and shares borders with China and Russia to the north at the Yalu (Amnok) and Tumen rivers, and South Korea to the south at the Korean Demilitarized Zone. North Korea's border with South Korea is a disputed border as both countries claim the entirety of the Korean Peninsula. The country's western border is formed by the Yellow Sea, while its eastern border is defined by the Sea of Japan. North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Pyongyang is the capital and largest city.

Oleksii Reznikov

Oleksii Reznikov

Oleksii Yuriyovych Reznikov is a Ukrainian lawyer and politician who has served as the Minister of Defence of Ukraine since 4 November 2021. Reznikov previously has served in several other positions in the government of Ukraine; Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Reintegration of the Temporarily Occupied Territories of Ukraine, deputy head of the Kyiv City State Administration from 2016 to 2018, and deputy mayor-secretary of the Kyiv City Council from June 2014 to December 2015. Reznikov also served as Head of Ukraine's National delegation in Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe from 2015 to 2016, and was chosen by President Volodymyr Zelensky on 5 May 2020 to represent Ukraine in the working political subgroup at the Trilateral Contact Group regarding a settlement to the War in Donbas.



Kherson is a port city of Ukraine that serves as the administrative centre of Kherson Oblast. Located on the Black Sea and on the Dnieper River, Kherson is the home of a major ship-building industry and is a regional economic centre. In 2021, the city had an estimated population of 283,649.



The Dnieper or Dnipro is one of the major transboundary rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after the Volga, Danube, and Ural rivers. It is approximately 2,200 km (1,400 mi) long, with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi).

Kirill Stremousov

Kirill Stremousov

Kirill Sergeyevich Stremousov was a Ukrainian and Russian politician and blogger who served as the deputy head of the Kherson military–civilian administration in Russian-occupied Ukraine from 26 April 2022 until his death on 9 November 2022, just before Russia ordered a retreat from Kherson.



Henichesk is a port city along the Sea of Azov in the Kherson Oblast of southern Ukraine. It serves as the administrative centre of Henichesk Raion. Henichesk hosts the administration of the Henichesk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. In 2021, Henichesk had a population of 19,253 .

List of foreign aid to Ukraine during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of foreign aid to Ukraine during the Russo-Ukrainian War

This is a list of known foreign aid, including military aid, humanitarian aid and financial aid, that has and will be provided to Ukraine during the Russo-Ukrainian War.



The M142 HIMARS is a light multiple rocket launcher developed in the late 1990s for the United States Army and mounted on a standard United States Army Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) truck frame.

MIM-23 Hawk

MIM-23 Hawk

The Raytheon MIM-23 HAWK is an American medium-range surface-to-air missile. It was designed to be a much more mobile counterpart to the MIM-14 Nike Hercules, trading off range and altitude capability for a much smaller size and weight. Its low-level performance was greatly improved over Nike through the adoption of new radars and a continuous wave semi-active radar homing guidance system. It entered service with the US Army in 1959.

AN/TWQ-1 Avenger

AN/TWQ-1 Avenger

The Avenger Air Defense System, designated AN/TWQ-1 under the Joint Electronics Type Designation System, is an American self-propelled surface-to-air missile system which provides mobile, short-range air defense protection for ground units against cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, low-flying fixed-wing aircraft, and helicopters.

Liberation of Kherson

Liberation of Kherson

The Liberation of Kherson was the recapture on 11 November 2022 of the city of Kherson and other areas of Kherson Oblast and parts of Mykolaiv Oblast on the right bank of the Dnieper river by the Armed Forces of Ukraine (ZSU), while the Russian Armed Forces withdrew to the left bank. The events were a result of the 2022 Ukrainian southern counteroffensive during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Kinburn Spit

Kinburn Spit

The Kinburn Spit is a spit in Mykolaiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine, with the only land access being through Kherson Oblast. It occupies the westernmost part of the Kinburn Peninsula, being its natural extension stretching west into the Black Sea between the Dnieper-Bug estuary to the north and the Yahorlyk Bay to the south. It is approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) long, with a width of about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) at its base, narrowing to about 100 metres (330 ft) in its western half.

December 2022

2 December

Ukrainian Presidential Advisor Mykhailo Podolyak claims that 10–13,000 Ukrainian soldiers have been killed since 24 February, with a figure last given in August of 9,000.[214]

5 December

Explosions were reported at two Russian airbases: the one at Engels-2 reportedly damaged two Tu-95s according to Baza; the other at the Dyagilevo military airbase near Ryazan, destroyed a fuel truck and killed three, injuring five.[215] Russian Minisitry of Defence stated Ukraine attempted to strike Russia's long-range aviation bombers with Soviet-made jet drones, and that the drones were subsequently shot down at low altitude when approaching the air bases. The attack involved the use of Tu-141 drones that were taken out of storage. They appear to have been fitted with improvised explosives.[216][217][218] While no significant damage or burn marks are visible on satellite images of the Engels-2 air base, at least one Tu-22M3 bomber was visually confirmed to be slightly damaged at the Dyagilevo air base.[219]

Following the attacks, Russia launched a renewed wave of missile strikes against Ukraine, consisting of about 70 cruise misilles. Ukraine claimed 60 missiles have been shot down, Russia claimed 17 targets have been hit on the ground.[215] As a result, a missile fell again within the borders of Moldova, near the city of Briceni.[220]

6 December

The Russian governor of Kursk, Roman Starovoyt, claimed that a Ukrainian drone attack destroyed an oil tank near an airbase. No reports of casualties and the fire was under control. No comment from Ukraine on these claims.[221]

7 December

Gathered remains of Russian Uragan, Smerch, and S-300 rockets in Kharkiv. 52,000 explosive objects were disposed as of in the Kharkiv region as of 7 December 2022.

President Putin has acknowledged that the "special military operation" is taking longer than expected, however the Russian nuclear arsenal is preventing the conflict from escalating. As in June 2022, he made another reference to the expansion of the Russian Empire by Peter the Great.[222][223]

9 December

Putin revealed that he is considering adopting the concept of the "preemptive strike" from the U.S. According to him, the U.S. openly discussed this policy some years ago, but currently Russia is only just thinking about it.[224][225][226] A few hours after Putin's statement, Jens Stoltenberg, general secretary of NATO, warned that there's a real possibility of a major war between Russia and NATO.[227][228]

Russia re-occupied the previously liberated Dnipro river island of Ostriv Velykyi Potomkin close to Kherson. This was confirmed by presidential advisor Oleksii Arestovych and Lieutenant Colonel Konstiantyn Mashovets, as well as some unofficial Russian sources.[229][230][231][232] The General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces claimed on 15 December that Russia had begun the process of forcibly deporting the island's civilian residents.[233]

10 December

Russia used Iranian-made drones to hit two energy facilities in Odesa, leaving all non-critical infrastructure in the Ukrainian port without power and 1.5 million people without electricity.[234]

Ukraine launched a missile attack on the Russian-occupied city of Melitopol including at a Russian military barracks; according to Melitopol's Russia-installed administrators, four missiles hit the city, killing two people. In addition, explosions were reported in Donetsk and Crimea.[235][236]

11 December

Ukraine President Zelenskyy said that Russian forces have turned the city of Bakhmut into "burned ruins".[237]

12 December

President Zelenskyy appealed to the G7 for tanks, artillery and long range weapons. In response, the G7 pledged to meet Ukraine's requirements.[238]

Luhansk's exiled Governor Serhiy Haidai claimed that Ukraine's armed forces killed personnel from the Wagner Group, a private military company in the Luhansk Region.[239]

The UK sanctioned Russian military commanders for missile attacks and Iranian businessmen for the production and supply of military drones.[240] EU sanctioned 20 individuals and one entity of Iran over human rights abuse. Ministers of the European Union of Foreign Affairs have also claimed that they have proofs to support Iran supplying Shahed-136 drones to Russia despite denials from both countries.[241]

13 December

Robert Magowan, a British lieutenant general and former commander of the Royal Marines, revealed that the Royal Marines have several times been involved in "secret operations" in Ukraine, in "extremely sensitive context", involving "a high level of political and military risk".[242][243]

Denis Pushilin, Acting head of Donetsk's People of Republic claimed that half of the Donetsk region is under Russian control.[244]

14 December

Three explosions were heard in the centre of Kyiv; President Zelenskyy claimed that Ukrainian air defence forces shot down 13 Iranian Shahed drones.[245]

Reports emerged that U.S. officials were finalising and preparing to announce a plan to provide Ukraine with the sophisticated Patriot air defence system, agreeing to an urgent request from Ukrainian leaders amid increasing Russian missile attacks against Ukraine's infrastructure. Biden administration was reluctant to deploy the system for months, as a Patriot battery complex would need at least 90 trained troops to operate and maintain it, along with concerns that it would provoke Russia to escalate.[246][247]

Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights Dmytro Lubinets claimed that a children's torture chamber had been uncovered in Kherson.[248][249]

Andrii Yermak, Chief of Staff of the Office of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy, stated that they have released around 64 military personnel and a US Citizen during a prisoner swap deal with Russia.[250][251]

15 December

Zelenskyy stated that Russia should start to withdraw their troops by Christmas as a step to end the conflict. Russia responded "No Christmas Ceasefire" until Ukraine accepts loss of territory.[252]

The Kyiv School of Economics published a report estimating that, as of November 2022, Russia's invasion had caused $136 billion in direct damage to Ukraine's infrastructure. Energy infrastructure, industry, public, and private enterprises were impacted the most.[253]

USAID delivered four excavators and over 130 generators to Kyiv for use in "boiler houses and heat supply stations" according to mayor Vitali Klitschko.[254]

The recently liberated city of Kherson was entirely without power following recent Russian shelling, which killed at least two people.[247] The Kherson military administration stated that the city was hit 86 times with "artillery, MLRS, tanks, mortars and UAVs," in the past 24 hours.[254]

In the Donbas, Ukrainian forces bombarded Donetsk city in the largest wave of shelling seen since 2014, according to mayor Alexey Kulemzin.[254]

Volker Türk, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, published a detailed summary of 441 killings including 8 girls during the conflict.[255]

The United States expanded its training to 500 Ukrainians each month in Germany.[256][257]

16 December

Civilians shelter in the Kyiv Metro during a Russian missile attack, 16 December
Civilians shelter in the Kyiv Metro during a Russian missile attack, 16 December

Russia launched around 76 missiles on Kyiv, Kharkiv, Poltava, and Kremenchuk, destroying infrastructure. Reports suggest at least four were killed in Kryvyi Rih.[258][259][260] These 76 missiles were fired at 9 power plants; Ukraine claims 60 were intercepted.[261]

A Ukrainian strike on the village of Lantrativka, in Luhansk Oblast, officially kills 11 Russian trench diggers, but eyewitnesses claim the number is 84 killed.[262]

17 December

Missiles were launched targeting infrastructure on Kyiv, Kharkiv, Kryvyi Rih and Zaporhizhzhia. Kyiv council member Ksenia Semenova stated that approximately 60% of residents were without power and 70% were without water.[263] Ukraine restored power and water to approximately 6 million residents in 24 hours.[264] 37 out of the 40 missiles fired at Kyiv were intercepted.[265]

Russia started a new campaign on TV to recruit more soldiers. In one advertisement, some men leave for Georgia. An old woman drops her groceries and men who have not left help her pick them up. She then says: "The boys have left, the men stayed."[266]

18 December

The Russian government recruited musicians to boost morale. The so-called "front-line creative brigade" will be made up from mobilised soldiers and musicians who have volunteered.[261]

19 December

Building of Kherson Oblast State Administration after Russian strike on 19 December
Building of Kherson Oblast State Administration after Russian strike on 19 December

According to Ukrainian Air Force, Russia attacked Ukraine's infrastructure with 35 Iranian kamikaze drones, 30 of which are said to be shot down. 23 of the drones attacked Kyiv (according to the city officials, 18 of them were shot down).[267] An infrastructure facility was damaged, leaving three areas in Kyiv without power supply.[268] Energy shortages caused interruptions in heat and water supply.[269][270] Mykolaiv and Kherson regions were also attacked.[271] Building of Kherson Oblast State Administration was partially destroyed.[272]

20 December

President Putin stated that the situation is "extremely difficult" in the four areas of Russia-annexed Ukraine. Putin ordered the Federal Security Services to step up surveillance at the country's borders to combat "emergence of new threats" from abroad and traitors.[273][274]

President Zelenskyy visited the Bakhmut region.[275]

Russian energy exporter Gazprom said that despite a fatal explosion at the Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhhorod pipeline they were able to supply gas to their customers using parallel pipelines without any shortages.[276]

21 December

The United States is aiming to provide military aid of $1.8 billion USD including the Patriot missile system.[277]

Ukraine President Zelenskyy met United States President Biden during his 2022 visit and addressed a joint session of the US Congress after Speaker of the house Nancy Pelosi invited President Zelenskyy.[278]

22 December

United States National Security Council spokesperson John Kirby estimated that the Wagner Group deployed 40,000 mercenaries of recruited convicts and 10,000 mercenaries of contractors.[279] The North Korean Foreign ministry denied US claims that it was supplying "infantry rockets and missiles into Russia".[280][281]

Speaking to reporters, President Putin referred to the conflict in Ukraine as a "war" and also said that the U.S. Patriot system is "old and does not work as well as the Russian S-300 missile system". Critics stated that referring to the conflict as a "war" is considered a crime under a censorship law signed in March 2022, with a penalty of up to 15 years in prison, and called for the prosecution of President Putin.[282]

Ukrainian game developer Volodymyr Yezhov is killed defending Bakhmut[283]

23 December

The Netherlands pledged up to 2.5 billion euros to help Ukraine in 2023. This aid will pay for military equipment and rebuilding critical infrastructure. President Zelenskyy thanked them for this pledge.[284][285]

24 December

Kherson after the shelling
Kherson after the shelling

Russian forces shelled Kherson leaving 10 dead and 55 injured according to the Ukrainian President and officials.[286] President Zelenskyy stated that the shelling first hit a department store and then a market.[287][288]

The Russian army has placed three battalions near the Ukraine border, inside Belarus. The Ukrainian military has made note of this and considered further securing the northern border.[289][290][291]

Pavel Antov, a Russian billionaire and member of the United Russia party for a regional parliament, has died after a fall from a hotel in India. Describe as a "sausage magnate", Antov is about the 12th high-profile Russian businessman to have died due to suicide or an accident. Having previously made anti-war comments on WhatsApp, he claimed it was due to a "technical error". Another Russian, and friend of Antov's, Vladimir Budanov also died at the same hotel just two days before.[292]

25 December

President Putin stated that Russia is ready for negotiation, but that Kyiv and its Western backers refused to engage in talks.[293] Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan accused the West of only provoking the war in Ukraine, rather than mediating it. Erdogan cited the Black Sea Grain Initiative as an example of Turkey's role in mediating.[294]

26 December

Russia claims to have shot down a Ukrainian drone near the Engels-2 (air base). The governor of the region, Roman Busargin, reported no damage to "civilian infrastructure". Three people from the "technical staff" were killed by falling drone wreckage. According to the Russian defence ministry, "a Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicle was shot down at low altitude while approaching the Engels military airfield in the Saratov region." Ukrainian and Russian social media accounts report a number of bombers have been destroyed; however Reuters couldn't confirm these claims.[295][296]

Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) reported four Ukrainian saboteurs were killed by landmines during a failed cross-border operation into the Bryansk region. The Ukrainians were wearing winter camouflage and carrying German SIG Sauer firearms, navigation equipment, and four bombs.[297][298]

Ukraine has asked the United Nations to expel Russia from the United Nations Security Council, claiming that Russia has illegally taken the seat of the USSR and is a hostile nation that wages illegal wars.[299][300]

27 December

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stated that Ukraine must accept Moscow's peace demands: "Our proposals for the demilitarisation and denazification of the territories controlled by the regime, the elimination of threats to Russia's security emanating from there, including our new lands, are well known to the enemy. The point is simple: Fulfil them for your own good. Otherwise, the issue will be decided by the Russian army."[301]

Russia banned crude oil sales to price cap nations which includes G7, European Union, and Australia. President Putin issued a decree that ban will be effective from 1 February 2023 up to 5 months and stated that sale ban could be lifted to individuals through "specific reasons".[302]

28 December

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade confirmed the death of Sage O’Donnell, the fourth Australian to die fighting for Ukraine.[303]

Russian health ministry will permit Russian soldiers who had been fighting in Ukraine to have their sperm frozen in cryobanks for free.[304]

Chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate of Ukraine, Kyrylo Budanov said that at present, neither Ukraine nor Russian forces were able to advance.[305]

29 December

The Indian Police launched a criminal investigation into the deaths of two Russians in India, including war critic and billionaire Pavel Antov.[306]

Ukraine Presidential advisor Mykhailo Podolyak stated that over 120 missiles were launched at infrastructure facilities in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv and other cities. Ukraine claimed that 54 of 69 missiles were shot down and three people died in Kyiv; 90% of Lviv and 40% of Kyiv were without power.[307][308]

Belarus reported that they shot down an S-300 anti-aircraft missile that had been launched targeting rural Belarus.[309][310]

The Russian regional governor, Roman Busargin, claimed that a Ukrainian drone was shot down near the Engels-2 Air Base with only slight damage to residential housing and no injuries. There were unverified reports on social media of air raid sirens and an explosion.[311]

30 December

Ukrainian army claimed to have shot down 16 drones launched by Russian forces at Kyiv and other cities. Mayor of Kyiv Vitali Klitschko, stated that two were shot down outside Kyiv while five were shot down "over" Kyiv.[312]

President Putin and President Xi Jinping held talks via video link in which the latter reassured the former that he would maintain an "objective and fair stance" regarding the situation, according to CCTV.[313]

31 December

The head of Ukraine's armed forces, Valerii Zaluzhnyi, claimed that air defences had shot down 12 of 20 Russian cruise missiles. Vitaly Klitschko, the Mayor of Kyiv, stated that a series of explosions directed at infrastructure killed at least one person and wounded twenty, including a Japanese journalist. A drone strike on Khmelnytskyi injured two persons.[314]

Russia announced that armed forces fighting in the regions of Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhia will have their income tax exempted.[315]

Discover more about December 2022 related topics

Mykhailo Podolyak

Mykhailo Podolyak

Mykhailo Mykhailovych Podolyak is a Ukrainian politician, journalist and negotiator, serving as the adviser to the president of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy.



Briceni is a city in northern Moldova. It is the seat of Briceni District.

Kursk Oblast

Kursk Oblast

Kursk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Kursk. As of the 2021 Census, Kursk Oblast has a population of 1,082,458.

BM-27 Uragan

BM-27 Uragan

The BM-27 Uragan is a self-propelled 220 mm multiple rocket launcher designed in the Soviet Union. The system began its service with the Soviet Army in the late 1970s, and was its first modern spin and fin stabilized heavy multiple rocket launcher.

BM-30 Smerch

BM-30 Smerch

The BM-30 Smerch, 9K58 Smerch or 9A52-2 Smerch-M is a heavy self-propelled 300 mm multiple rocket launcher designed in the Soviet Union. The system is intended to defeat personnel, armored, and soft targets in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was designed in the early 1980s and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989. When first observed by the West in 1983, it received the code MRL 280mm M1983. It continues in use by Russia; a program to replace it with the 9A52-4 Tornado began in 2018.

Peter the Great

Peter the Great

Peter I, most commonly known as Peter the Great, was a Russian monarch who ruled the Tsardom of Russia from 7 May [O.S. 27 April] 1682 to 1721 and subsequently the Russian Empire until his death in 1725, jointly ruling with his elder half-brother, Ivan V until 1696. He is primarily credited with the modernisation of the country, transforming it into a European power.

First strike (nuclear strategy)

First strike (nuclear strategy)

In nuclear strategy, a first strike or preemptive strike is a preemptive surprise attack employing overwhelming force. First strike capability is a country's ability to defeat another nuclear power by destroying its arsenal to the point where the attacking country can survive the weakened retaliation while the opposing side is left unable to continue war. The preferred methodology is to attack the opponent's strategic nuclear weapon facilities, command and control sites, and storage depots first. The strategy is called counterforce.

Jens Stoltenberg

Jens Stoltenberg

Jens Stoltenberg is a Norwegian politician who has been serving as the 13th secretary general of NATO since 2014. A member of the Norwegian Labour Party, he previously served as the 34th prime minister of Norway from 2000 to 2001, and again from 2005 until 2013.

Ostriv Velykyi Potomkin

Ostriv Velykyi Potomkin

Ostriv Velykyi Potomkin, also known as Ostrov Bol’shoy Potëmkin and Potemkin Island, is a river island located within the Dnipro river in the Kherson urban hromada of Kherson Raion of Kherson oblast of Ukraine.

Oleksii Arestovych

Oleksii Arestovych

Oleksii Mykolaiovych Arestovych is a Ukrainian intelligence officer, blogger, actor, political and military columnist. He was a speaker of the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine. He worked as a Strategic Communications Advisor of the Office of the President of Ukraine from December 2020 to January 2023.

General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces

General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces

The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is the military staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. It is the central organ of the Armed Forces Administration and oversees operational management of the armed forces under the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.



Odesa is the third most populous city and municipality in Ukraine and a major seaport and transport hub located in the south-west of the country, on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea. The city is also the administrative centre of the Odesa Raion and Odesa Oblast, as well as a multiethnic cultural centre. As of January 2021 Odesa's population was approximately 1,010,537. On January 25, 2023, its historic city centre was declared a World Heritage Site and added to the List of World Heritage in Danger by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in recognition of its influence on cinema, literature, and the arts. The declaration was made in response to the bombing of Odesa during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, which has damaged or destroyed buildings across the city.

January 2023

1 January

The Ukrainian military claimed to have killed 400 Russian soldiers with another 300 being wounded during a missile attack on Makiivka in occupied Donetsk. Daniil Bezsonov, a senior Russian-backed official, blamed the attack on the "American HIMARS", claiming that some 25 rockets were fired at the region.[316] Russia's Ministry of Defence confirmed that a total of 63 Russian soldiers had died in the attack after 6 rockets had been fired.[317] The barracks was based next to an ammunition dump, according to Russian milbloggers, which may explain the large explosion. Bezsonov has called for the military officers responsible to be "punished". The General Staff of Ukraine claimed 10 vehicles destroyed.[318] On 3 January the Russian Ministry of Defence gave an updated figure of 89 dead.[319]

Ukraine armed forces claimed that they had shot down 45 kamikaze drones.[320] The Russian attack came several hours after the Ukrainian attack on Makiivka. According to the Mayor of Kyiv, one man was injured by falling debris.[316]

Russian Governor Alexander Bogomaz claimed that Ukraine launched a drone attack on an electrical facility in the Klimovsky District.[321]

2 January

According to TASS, Russian forces shot down a Ukrainian drone near the city of Voronezh.[322]

4 January

France announced that it would send AMX-10 RC and ACMAT Bastion to Ukraine.[323]

5 January

Russian Orthodox Church Primate Patriarch Kirill called for a Christmas ceasefire so that people could attend Orthodox Christmas services on 6 and 7 January.[324] Turkish President Erdogan also called for a "unilateral cease-fire"; afterwards, President Putin ordered Russian armed forces to hold a 36-hour cease-fire for the Russian Orthodox Christmas.[325][326] Ukraine rejected Russia's cease-fire proposal.[327] The UK MoD said that fighting had "continued at a routine level into the Orthodox Christmas period."[328][329]

The first group of 24 prisoners[330] recruited by PMC Wagner, fighting in Ukraine, have finished their six months contracts and have been released with full amnesty for their past crimes.[331]

In a joint statement President Biden and Chancellor Scholz announced that the German government had decided to provide Ukraine with a Patriot missile system and 40 Marder Infantry Fighting Vehicles, while the United States government would provide around 50 Bradley Fighting Vehicles.[332][333]

6 January

The United States Department of Defence awarded a $40 million contract to L3Harris to provide Ukraine with 4 VAMPIRE kits (vehicle-mountable light guided missile system) in mid 2023 and 10 by 2023 year-end.[334][335]

8 January

The Russian ministry of defence claimed that more than 600 Ukrainian soldiers were killed during the attack on barracks in Kramatorsk.[336] Kramatorsk's Mayor Oleksandr Honcharenko stated that the attack only damaged two buildings and there was no evidence of casualties. A Finnish and more than one Reuters journalist visited the site and found out that an S-300 had struck an empty school building, with no signs of casualties.[337][338][339][340]

9 January

Russia and Ukraine conducted their 36th prisoner swap of the conflict, with each side trading 50 POWs to the other.[341][342]

Ukraine's Regional prosecutor office claimed that an S-300 fired from Belgorod Oblast hit a market in Shevchenkove, killing two women, wounding a child, and reportedly damaging a shopping centre.[343][344]

A spokesperson stated that Germany has no plans to provide the Leopard 2 to Ukraine.[345] Armin Papperger, the CEO of German arms manufacturer Rheinmetall, stated that the company would not be able to deliver battle-ready Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine until 2024.[346]

10 January

Ukrainian steel production was reduced by about 70% in 2022 as a result of the conflict.[347]

US and Ukrainian officials stated that Russian artillery fire had declined nearly 75% in some places.[348]

The UK says most of Soledar is under Russian control, whereas Wagner claims all.[349]

11 January

Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu appointed Valery Gerasimov in place of Sergey Surovikin as overall commander of the war against Ukraine. Surovikin will serve as Gerasimov's deputy.[350]

13 January

The Russian Military stated that it captured Soledar, but Ukraine Defence minister Oleksii Reznikov denied that the city had been captured and stated the fighting was "very difficult". Governor of Donetsk Pavlo Kyrylenko stated that "559 civilians including 15 children" remained in Soledar and couldn't be evacuated.[351][352] President Zelenskyy and Ukrainian Deputy Defense Minister Hanna Maliar announced that pockets of resistance in the city center continues, and that the western portion of the settlement remains in Ukrainian hands.[353][354][355][356][357] Chief of staff to the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak stated that "Soledar is a scene of street battles, with neither side really in control of the town."[358] Geolocation based on photos suggested that Ukrainian troops were still defending the north western part of the city.[359]

14 January

Ukranian energy minister German Galushchenko stated that Russian missiles hit critical infrastructure in most regions of Ukraine.[360] Two Russian S-300 missiles attacked critical infrastructure in Kharkiv.[361]

The Deputy head of the Office of the President, Kyrylo Tymoshenko, stated that a multi-storey residential building in Dnipro was hit, resulting in around 73 people wounded including 14 children, 40 deaths, 30 missing and 400 homeless. President Zelenskyy claimed that around 20 missiles out of 30 launched were shot down and 37 people were yet to be rescued.[362][363][363][364][365][366][367][368] The building was hit by a kh-22 missile, a missile that Ukraine can't intercept.[369]

As a result of another wave of Russian missile strikes against Ukraine, yet another missile fell into the territory of Moldova, in the village of Larga, violating Moldova's airspace.[370][371]

The United Kingdom stated that it would provide a squadron of 14 Challenger 2 tanks and around 30 AS90 large, self-propelled guns to Ukraine.[372][373][374]

16 January

German Defence Minister Christine Lambrecht resigned in part due to blunders over German support for Ukraine.[375]

A grenade exploded in Tonenkoye village's community center, which was used to store ammunition and house Russian soldiers. TASS reported that the RGD-5 grenade explosion in Belgorod Oblast killed 3 soldiers and wounded 16. Eight soldiers are missing.[376]

Russia had secured control of Soledar after capturing the last industrial zone near mine number 7 which was previously held by Ukrainian troops.[377][378]

17 January

IAEA team visiting the Rivne Nuclear Power Plant, 17 January 2023
IAEA team visiting the Rivne Nuclear Power Plant, 17 January 2023

The US Military stated that Ukrainian soldiers are being trained in the United States on the Patriot Missile system.[379]

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic condemned PMC Wagner for running a social media campaign calling for Serbian recruits to fight in Ukraine.[380]

18 January

Australian Defence minister Richard Marles stated that Australian Army soldiers will be deployed in the UK to train Ukrainian soldiers in "infantry tactics in an urban, wooded and basic infantry tactics".[381]

20 January

Ukraine Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov stated that, despite the lack of agreement to export the tanks, Ukrainian soldiers would be trained on Leopard 2 tanks in Poland.[382]

21 January

Russia claimed to conduct a new offensive in Zaporizhzhia Oblast.[383]

22 January

German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock stated that Germany would not stand in the way if Poland or other countries provide Leopard 2 tanks.[384]

Russian state media reported that Russia advanced into Orikhiv and Hulyaipol towns in Zaporizhia region.[385]

23 January

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki stated that Poland will provide 14 Leopard tanks to Ukraine regardless of Germany's approval;[386] the next day, Poland officially requested permission to export them. German Defence Minister Boris Pistorius encouraged other countries to provide training on the tanks for Ukrainian soldiers.[387]

French President Emmanuel Macron stated that France would send Leclerc tanks to Ukraine.[388][389]

Norwegian defence chief General Eirik Kristoffersen stated that around 180,000 Russian soldiers were dead or wounded and there were around 100,000 military casualties and 30,000 civilian dead from Ukraine.[390]

24 January

Several senior and junior ministers resigned from positions in the Ukrainian government, including the deputy head of the President's Office, a deputy Defence Minister, the Deputy Prosecutor-General and the deputy infrastructure minister.[391][392]

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz agreed to provide Leopard 2 tanks and allowed other countries to do the same.[393][394] Ukraine senior officals stated that around 100 Leopard 2 tanks from twelve countries are ready to be transferred to Ukraine.[395]

A missile hit a Turkish-owned cargo ship Tuzla and started a fire while at the Port of Kherson. There were no reported casualties.[a]

25 January

The United States is expected to send 31 M1 Abrams tanks to Ukraine and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz agreed to provide 14 Leopard 2A6 tanks to Ukraine. Those tanks, along with the contributions of other nations, will total around 88 Leopard tanks.[403]

26 January

The Ukrainian Air Force stated that Russia had launched around 55 missiles, 24 Shahed-136 drones and a Kh-47 Kinzhal hypersonic, of which 47 were claimed to be shot down. Kyiv’s Mayor reported one casualty and two persons wounded at an apartment block hit in the Holosiiv district.[404][405]

Discover more about January 2023 related topics

Makiivka military quarters shelling

Makiivka military quarters shelling

During the night of 31 December 2022/1 January 2023, the Ukrainian Ground Forces launched a rocket strike on the building of Professional Technical School (PTU) No. 19 in Makiivka, Donetsk Oblast. Ukrainian officials claimed that the attack killed 400 Russian troops, while Russian officials initially stated that only 63 troops were killed. On 4 January, Russia raised the death toll to 89 dead. The attack was carried out using HIMARS rockets, and resulted in the destruction of the building and nearby military equipment.



Makiivka ; Russian: Макеевка, romanized: Makeyevka, IPA: [mɐˈkʲe(j)ɪfkə]), formerly Dmytriivsk, is an industrial city in Donetsk Oblast in eastern Ukraine, located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east from the capital Donetsk. The two cities are practically a conurbation. Makiivka is a leading metallurgical and coal-mining centre of the Donets Basin, with heavy industry and coking plants supporting the local steel and coal industries. While internationally recognized as part of Ukraine, the city has been under Russian occupation since its capture by Russian forces in 2014. It has a population of 338,968 .



Donetsk, formerly known as Aleksandrovka, Yuzivka, Stalin and Stalino, is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine located on the Kalmius River in Donetsk Oblast. The population was estimated at 901,645 in the city core, with over 2 million in the metropolitan area (2011). According to the 2001 census, Donetsk was the fifth-largest city in Ukraine.

Alexander Bogomaz

Alexander Bogomaz

Alexander Vasilyevich Bogomaz is a Russian official and politician who is serving as the Governor of Bryansk Oblast in European Russia.

Klimovsky District

Klimovsky District

Klimovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-seven in Bryansk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,554 square kilometers (600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Klimovo. Population: 25,897 (2021 Census); 30,003 (2010 Census); 34,556 ; 40,119 (1989 Census). The population of Klimovo accounts for 52.3% of the district's total population.



The AMX-10 RC is a French armoured fighting vehicle manufactured by Nexter Systems for armoured reconnaissance purposes. Equipping French cavalry units since 1981, over 240 remained in service with the French Army in 2021. 108 units were sold to Morocco and 12 to Qatar. "RC" stands for "Roues-Canon", meaning "wheeled gun". The vehicle can be described as a wheeled tank destroyer or light tank, being referred to as a "char", which is the French word for tank, in French service.

ACMAT Bastion

ACMAT Bastion

The ACMAT Bastion is a modern French armoured personnel carrier, manufactured by ACMAT.

Russian Orthodox Church

Russian Orthodox Church

The Russian Orthodox Church, alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate, is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Christian church. It has 194 dioceses inside Russia. The primate of the ROC is the Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus'.

Primate (bishop)

Primate (bishop)

Primate is a title or rank bestowed on some important archbishops in certain Christian churches. Depending on the particular tradition, it can denote either jurisdictional authority or (usually) ceremonial precedence.

Patriarch Kirill of Moscow

Patriarch Kirill of Moscow

Kirill or Cyril is a Russian Orthodox bishop. He became Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus' and Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church on 1 February 2009.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is a Turkish politician serving as the 12th and current president of Turkey since 2014. He previously served as prime minister of Turkey from 2003 to 2014 and as mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998. He founded the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in 2001, leading it to election victories in 2002, 2007, and 2011 general elections before being required to stand down upon his election as president in 2014. He later returned to the AKP leadership in 2017 following the constitutional referendum that year. Coming from an Islamist political background and self-describing as a conservative democrat, he has promoted socially conservative and populist policies during his administration.

Christmas in Russia

Christmas in Russia

Christmas in Russia, called Е́же по пло́ти Рождество Господа Бога и Спа́са нашего Иисуса Христа Yezhe po ploti Rozhdestvo Gospoda Boga i Spasa nashego Yisusa Khrista) in the Russian Orthodox Church, is a holiday commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ. It is celebrated on 25 December in the Julian calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church, which falls on 7 January in the common Gregorian calendar. Christmas is considered a high holiday by the church, one of the 12 Great Feasts, and one of only four of which are preceded by a period of fasting. Traditional Russian Christmas festivities start on Christmas Eve, which is celebrated on 6 January [O.S. 24 December].

Source: "Timeline of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 3", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 27th),

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