Timeline of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 3
|Timeline of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine|
This timeline of the third phase of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine covers the period from 29 August 2022, when Ukrainian forces retook substantial ground during counteroffensives in the south and east, to the present day. Starting in October, Russia began a campaign of massive strikes against Ukrainian infrastructure.
This timeline is a dynamic and fluid list, and as such may never satisfy criteria of completeness. Please note that some events may only be fully understood and/or discovered in retrospect.
Ukraine has reportedly launched a counteroffensive in the south. The Ukrainian government said that its military had "breached Russia's first line of defense near Kherson", while the Ukrainian military also claimed to have struck a Russian military base in the Kherson region, though this claim is still not verified. Russian forces claim that Ukrainian forces have suffered "heavy losses". Ukraine also claims that Russian paratroopers have fled the battlefield.
Ukraine claims to have used decoy HIMARS units made out of wood. This may explain Russian claims of having destroyed multiple HIMARS systems. Ukrainian officials claim to have decoyed 10 Russian 3M-54 Kalibr cruise missiles alone. One US diplomat has noted that Russian sources have claimed more HIMARS destroyed than the US has sent. Another US Pentagon official has confirmed no HIMARS have been destroyed yet.
Russia pulled its fighter jets out of Crimea and increased its surface-to-air missiles to defend against future shelling.
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Ravil Maganov, the chairman of Lukoil, had died. According to Interfax, Maganov "fell out of a window of the Central Clinical Hospital" and "died from his injuries". Lukoil was one of the few Russian companies to oppose the war in Ukraine, calling for an "immediate" end to the war. Maganov's death is the latest mysterious death of current or former Russian businessmen since the war began.
Norwegian state-owned oil company Equinor exited the last of their joint ventures in Russia following the February invasion by withdrawing from the joint venture with Lukoil and exiting the Kharyaga project on 2 September 2022.
Ukraine arrested a woman in the eastern Dnipropetrovsk region. She was accused of sending the details of her husband's unit and other military information to Russian forces which was then used to the advantage of Russian military action.
Russian support for the war in Ukraine remains stable despite it dragging on for six months. The greatest disagreement was on whether to continue the war or proceed to negotiations.
Ukraine is searching the UK for foundries to make 155 mm ammunition due to Western stockpiles running low. BAE systems can increase production however Ukrainian officials are looking for other manufacturers. The US has sent "806,000" of these rounds to Ukraine and replacing them could take as long as "18 months".
Gazprom has maintained its shutdown of Nord Stream 1 without providing a date for restarting the flow of gas. Gazprom cites Western sanctions as the reason that it cannot fix the "malfunction" in the pipe, which is claimed to be a leak. Brussels has called it an economic weapon.
According to the UK MoD, since 29 August Ukrainian forces have gained surprise due to mistakes made by Russian commanders and logistical problems Russian forces face. There are three main thrusts by Ukrainian forces into Kherson Oblast. Ukraine has also destroyed pontoon bridges used by Russian forces.
The Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant has been cut from its main power line, with only a reserve line operational, which is supplying power to the grid. Only one of the six reactors remains operational. Russia blamed this on an alleged Ukrainian attempt to retake the plant.
After not being used for several months Ukraine is now using Bayraktar TB2 drones again. Ukraine has started putting footage from these online again after no new footage in the last two months. This has been credited to the use of HARM missiles and their impact on Russian air defences.
Artem Bardin, a Russian-installed official in Berdyansk, was seriously injured in a bomb attack.
The US is looking to double its production of 155 mm shells due to a need to replenish US stocks as well as supply Ukrainian needs. The Pentagon wants to increase the number of HIMARS built each month to 12.
Ukrainian forces retook parts of Kharkiv Oblast.
As part of a major counteroffensive, Ukrainian forces recaptured Kupiansk and Izium; according to the UK Ministry of Defence, Russian defences in the Kharkiv region were "likely taken by surprise". By late afternoon, Ukrainian troops were reported to have reached Lysychansk in Luhansk Oblast. The Russian Ministry of Defence spokesperson Igor Konashenkov responded to these developments by claiming that Russian forces in the Balakliya and Izyum area would "regroup" in the Donetsk area "in order to achieve the stated goals of the special military operation to liberate Donbas". Ukrainian President Zelenskyy said that Ukraine has recaptured 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) since the start of the counteroffensive.
The Russian Ministry of Defense published a map which confirmed that Russian forces in Kharkiv region had retreated to the east bank of the Oskol river. The settlements of Kozachya Lopan, Vovchansk and Lyptsi were confirmed as being under control of Ukrainian forces. By late afternoon, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the formal withdrawal of Russian forces from nearly all of Kharkiv Oblast stating that an "operation to curtail and transfer troops" was underway.
Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov questioned Russian leadership of the war, writing on Telegram: "They have made mistakes and I think they will draw the necessary conclusions. If they don't make changes in the strategy of conducting the special military operation in the next day or two, I will be forced to contact the leadership of the Defense Ministry and the leadership of the country to explain the real situation on the ground."
Following the 2022 Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive, Russia launched missile strikes with Kalibr cruise missiles on critical infrastructure objects, including Kharkiv TEC-5, causing a total blackout and water shutdown in Northeastern Ukraine and the Kharkiv and Donetsk Oblasts.
Ukraine claimed it had reached the Russia–Ukraine border. Zelenskyy said that Ukrainian forces had retaken a total of 6,000 square kilometres (2,300 sq mi) from Russia, in both the south and the east; the BBC could not verify the claims.
Thirty-five Russian municipal deputies signed a petition calling for Putin to resign.
On the Kherson front, it was reported that Russian forces had withdrawn from Kiselyovka, a settlement 15 km from Kherson. The Ukrainian armed forces announced that the frontline in the Kherson region had advanced by 12 km and that 500 square kilometres (190 sq mi) including 13 settlements had been recovered.
Ukrainian Governor of Luhansk Oblast, Serhiy Haidai, stated that Russian forces had left Kreminna three days ago, the Ukrainian flag has been raised by local residents and that Ukrainian forces had not yet entered the town. He also said that Russian forces had fled Starobilsk, adding that the city was "practically empty".
After a phone call with Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz told journalists that Putin did not seem to believe that the invasion of Ukraine was a mistake. UN Secretary-General António Guterres also said that prospects for a peace negotiation were "minimal".
Russian forces launched eight cruise missiles at the dam of the Karachunivske reservoir causing extensive flooding in Kryvyi Rih and a 2.5 metres (8 ft) increase of water level in the Inhulets River.
The United States announced a $600 million aid package for Ukraine, including additional HIMARS ammunition, "tens of thousands" of 105 mm artillery rounds, one thousand 155 mm rounds, counter-drone systems, winter gear, and night vision devices.
BM-21 missiles and heavy artillery shelled Nikopol, injuring 1 and damaging 11 high-rise buildings, a kindergarten, a school, gas furnaces, and power lines.
The Russian State Duma introduced laws prohibiting voluntary surrender and looting, with aggravating circumstances including committing the crime "during mobilization or martial law". Under those circumstances, refusing to obey a superior's order or participate in military action was also made illegal. Penalties for not reporting for military duty, or leaving it without permission, were increased.
The Russian-appointed officials of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics announced referendums to approve their annexation by Russia on 23–27 September. Similar referendums were announced by the occupying Russian officials in Kherson and Zaporizhzhia.
The Council of the EU approved 5 billion euros of macro-financial assistance for Ukraine.
In a prerecorded speech, Vladimir Putin officially announced partial mobilization to begin immediately. Although Putin's address stated only reservists will be called up, with a focus on reservists with military experience, the official decree allowed for any citizen to be conscripted with exceptions for only age, sickness, and imprisonment status; it was reported that anti-war protesters who had been arrested were being conscripted. Furthermore, militants in the Luhansk and Donetsk People's Republics will be considered soldiers of the Russian Federation going forward, and the LPR and DPR military units will be reordered according to Russian standards. Defence minister Sergei Shoigu said that 300,000 reservists will be mobilized. Putin also raised the threat of a nuclear response, saying "Russia will use all the instruments at its disposal to counter a threat against its territorial integrity—this is not a bluff".
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia reported that Russia released ten foreign prisoners of war after mediation by Mohammed bin Salman. According to Robert Jenrick, the junior health minister of Britain, Aiden Aslin is among the prisoners released. Viktor Medvedchuk was reportedly freed as part of the deal.
A record high of 215 Ukrainian soldiers, including fighters who led the defence of the Azovstal steelworks in Mariupol, have been released in a prisoner exchange with Russia after mediation by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Zelenskyy announced that, as part of the agreement, five of the freed captives would remain in Turkey in secure but comfortable conditions until the war is over.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine reestablished control over the settlement of Yatskivka in the Donetsk region. The settlement is east of the Oskil river, which acts as a front line for a large portion of the eastern front.
The United Kingdom introduced new sanctions against Russia due to Russia's holding of pseudo-referendums in occupied Ukrainian territories. The sanctions list includes 92 individuals and legal entities, including 33 Russian officials sent to the occupied territories of Ukraine as well as 55 top managers of Russian state-owned companies.
More than 1600 Russian propaganda accounts were taken down by Facebook.
The results of the referendums in the Russian-occupied territories were announced, all of which were in favor of annexation into Russia, with Donetsk 99.23% in favour, Luhansk 98.42% in favour, Kherson 87.05%, and Zaporizhzhia at 93.11%. There were planned votes in the Mykolaiv and Kharkiv oblasts that never materialized, mainly owing to limited control of territory. As a side effect of these referendums, Russia may now claim that the "very existence of the state is at risk", since much of the war is happening on what it now illegally considers Russian territory. This may be used as justification of using nuclear weapons.
Over 194,000 Russian citizens, primarily fighting age men and their families, have left Russia in what has been called a "mass exodus" after the announcement of a draft of 300,000 citizens to fight in the war. Many have gone to Kazakhstan, Serbia, Georgia, and Finland.
- 18 High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) and ammunition
- 150 Armored High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (Humvee)
- 150 tactical vehicles to tow weapons
- 40 trucks and 80 trailers
- 2 radars for unmanned aerial systems
- 20 multi-mission radars
Finland announced the closure of its borders to Russian citizens at midnight. The Finnish Government deemed that the Russian mobilization and the rapidly increasing volume of tourists arriving in and transiting via the country endanger Finland's international position and relations.
Putin held a speech in a so-called "signing ceremony" intended to mark the Russian annexation of Southeastern Ukraine. In the speech, Putin announced claims on Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia, saying they were now "four new regions" of the Russian Federation. In response, Zelenskyy asked NATO to give Ukraine membership into the military alliance.
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Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov called on Putin to take "more drastic measures", including martial law and the use of low-yield nuclear weapons. This is in response to the Russian withdrawal from Lyman where he placed blame on communication among leadership and supply issues.
A Ukrainian armoured offensive burst through Russian lines in the south capturing multiple villages along the Dnieper river. This was the biggest Ukrainian advance in the south since the war began.
It was reported that Russian forces had fled from Nyzhe Zolone, Pidlyman, Nyznya Zhuravka, Borova and Shyikivka in Kharkiv Oblast and that Ukrainian authorities had regained control of those settlements, effectively ending the Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast.
According to Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu, more than 200,000 people have been called up for military service since Russia announced a "partial mobilization".
Ukrainian forces regained control of numerous settlements north of the Dnieper River in Kherson Oblast including Davydiv Brid, Lyubymivka, Khreshchenivka, Zolota Balka, Bilyaivka, Ukrainka and Velyka Oleksandrivka.
The pro-Russian deputy head of the Kherson region, Kirill Stremousov, stated that Russian forces were regrouping to strike back at Ukrainian troops; he added that the Ukrainian advance had been "halted" and therefore it was "not possible" for the Ukrainian Army to break through to the city of Kherson. The Russians were seemingly retreating to fortified positions around Nova Kakhovka. Russian officers (but not troops) were reported as withdrawing from Snihurivka.
Russian forces launched seven rockets into apartment buildings in Zaporizhzhia, killing at least three people and wounding twelve others. The casualties rose to 17 (including one child) by 9 October.
Ukrainian officials said they shot down 20 drones in the last 24 hours.
Russia launched a massive missile strike across the entire territory of Ukraine, including the capital, Kyiv, killing at least 23 civilians and injuring more than 100. Putin said that Russia carried out this attack as revenge for the attack on the Crimean Bridge. The German Embassy in Kyiv was damaged due to the strikes. No officials were present at the embassy since it has been vacant since the war began.
Alexander Lukashenko announced Belarus would form a "joint regional group of forces" with Russia, possibly also joining the war further on. Lukashenko said, "If they touch one metre of our territory then the Crimean Bridge will seem to them like a walk in the park."
The United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution ES-11/4 by a large majority, calling on countries not to recognise the four regions of Ukraine which Russia has claimed, following so-called referendums held late last month, and demanding that Moscow reverse course on its "attempted illegal annexation". 143 member states voted in favor and 35 abstained, notably China and India. Only Belarus, North Korea, Nicaragua, Russia and Syria voted against the resolution.
A Ukrainian MiG-29 became the first manned aircraft to be downed by a drone during combat. The pilot claimed to have destroyed a Shahed-136 drone with his cannon, with the resulting blast downing the aircraft and hospitalising the pilot.
Eleven people were killed and 15 others injured after two shooters opened fire on a group of volunteers at a Russian military training ground in Soloti, Belgorod Oblast, near the border with Ukraine. The two attackers were killed during the incident.
Ukrainian officials claimed to have found wreckage of multiple HESA Shahed 136 kamikaze drones which struck Kyiv, causing three to four explosions and killing at least 4 people, according to the city's mayor, Vitali Klitschko. Another four were killed in Sumy. This came after Russian President Vladimir Putin said there was no need for further "large-scale" strikes on Ukraine. According to a Reuters journalist, some drones bore the inscription "For Belgorod". In Mykolaiv the mayor, Oleksandr Senkevich, said sunflower oil tanks caught fire after a drone attack. The Ukrainian Air Force said it intercepted 37 drones.
A Russian Sukhoi Su-34 fighter-bomber crashed into a residential building in the Russian city of Yeysk, causing multiple apartments to catch fire. The pilots managed to eject safely, according to Russian agencies; 13 people were killed and 19 injured in the crash.
According to Ukrainian officials, Russian forces have struck "critical infrastructure" north of Kyiv and in Zhytomyr, leading to water and power cuts in Zhytomyr. In Kyiv "several explosions" were heard, while in Mykolaiv a person is claimed to have been killed by a missile strike. Dnipro was also attacked. President Zelenskyy claims that over the last 8 days, since 10 October, a third of Ukrainian power stations have been destroyed. He wrote on Twitter: "no space left for negotiations with Russian President Vladimir Putin's regime." In total, over the last 10 days, Ukrainian national emergency services claim that 70 people were killed, 290 were wounded and 1,162 villages and towns remain without power due to attacks on electrical infrastructure.
In a prisoner swap between Ukraine and Russia, 108 women were freed, including 97 service personnel and 37 Azovstal evacuees.
Sergey Surovikin said that civilians were being relocated from Kherson in preparation for a Ukrainian offensive on the city. It looks to be aimed at 50 to 60 thousand civilians. Ukraine has called on residents to ignore the Russian move.
Russian President Vladimir Putin declared martial law in the annexed Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson, and Zaporizhzhia Oblasts. Russia also introduced an "intermediate response level" in Crimea and Sevastopol, and in regions bordering Ukraine: Krasnodar Krai and the Belgorod, Bryansk, Voronezh, Kursk, and Rostov Oblasts.
Power outages were reported across Ukraine as Russian airstrikes across the country struck critical infrastructure and energy facilities.
Ukraine has accused Russia of delaying 165 cargo ships heading from Turkey to Ukraine.
Vladimir Putin is said to have monitored drills of Russia's strategic nuclear forces.
Kyiv will have stricter blackouts due to the drone strikes.
South Korea has denied they were sending weapons to Ukraine after Putin's remarks that such a move "would destroy relations".
The Russian-occupied Sevastopol Naval Base was attacked by unmanned surface vehicles and drones. Nine UAVs and seven USVs were destroyed according to Russian officials. Russia accused Britain of being involved in the preparation of the attacks. The UK Ministry of Defence responded, saying Russia was "peddling lies on an epic scale". After the attack, Russia suspended its participation in the Black Sea Grain Initiative but resumed its participation four days later. One of the ships which appeared to be damaged in videos was the Admiral Makarov, the new flagship of Russia's Black Sea Fleet following the sinking of the Moskva.
Russian Armed Forces launched more than 50 missiles at energy infrastructure in Kyiv, and other regions such as Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia, Cherkasy and Kirovohrad. 13 people were injured by the strikes. Up to 18 facilities were hit, according to Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal. 40% of Kyiv residents were left without water and 270,000 apartments were left without electricity. One missile shot down by Ukraine fell in the Moldovan village of Naslavcea, causing no casualties but shattering windows in some houses. Moldova told an unnamed Russian embassy employee to leave the country, making him a persona non grata.
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Russia announced the completion of its partial mobilization.
In a prisoner swap, 107 Ukrainian servicemen were returned to Ukraine.
The Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant is running on backup generators due to Russian shelling.
President Putin has signed a decree that allows people convicted of serious crimes to be mobilised into the Russian army. Exempted from this decree are people convicted of sex crimes involving minors and crimes against the state such as treason, spying or terrorism—such people still cannot be mobilised. This could allow "hundreds of thousands" of people to be mobilised.
Several United States officials announced a $400 million military aid package to Ukraine, including ammunition for the High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), mortars and missiles for the Hawk surface-to-air anti-aircraft system, and, for the first time, Avenger air defense systems.
Russia launched about 85 to 100 missiles at a number of Ukrainian cities. The recent strategic bombing campaign has caused severe shortages of electricity and water at multiple cities. According to the Ukrainian Air Force some 77 of 96 Russian missiles were shot down. A Pentagon official claims the Russian plan is to exhaust the Ukrainian air defences. At one stage some 50 missiles were in combat "within minutes" near the Polish border.
A missile crossed over Polish borders and struck the village of Przewodów, killing two civilians. Top leaders in Poland held an emergency meeting. Initial assessments by the United States found that the missile was likely to have been an air defence missile fired by Ukrainian forces at an incoming Russian missile.
After the missile strikes, more than 10 million people were without power by 17 November, but a day later Ukrainian officials reported that electricity had already been restored to "nearly 100%" of Ukraine.
According to Ukrainian officials, one of the wrecks of missiles found after a missile attack earlier that day is that of an "X-55/Kh-55" cruise missile. These missiles are apparently incapable of carrying a conventional warhead, but this specific missile had an "imitation block" (model for training) of a nuclear bomb. They believe that the missile was meant to help overwhelm Ukraine's missile defenses.
The European Parliament declared Russia a "state sponsor of terrorism" for the way Russia has systematically attacked civilians and committed war crimes. This declaration is itself symbolic, but calls for more sanctions.
The Russian military has launched 65 to 70 missiles at civilian settlements and energy infrastructure, although 51 of those were said to have been shot down. The attack caused blackouts over much of Ukraine and forced several nuclear power plants to shut down. Much of Moldova was also experiencing blackouts due to the attack-related power grid failure in Ukraine.
According to U.S. and Ukrainian officials, about 1/3 of Western-supplied artillery is always out of action in Ukraine due to wear-related mechanical problems. The United States European Command is said to have a repair base in Poland, but it is problematic to transport the weapons there from the front.
The Russian army was actively pushing on both sides of Bakhmut, a city in the immediate vicinity of the front on the Ukrainian side. The Russians were trying to encircle the town, but according to observers, they were making very slow progress, so there was no immediate danger to the settlement and the Russians might not be able to encircle it at the current rate.
Jens Stoltenberg, the Secretary-General of NATO, made a speech at the meeting of NATO foreign ministers at Bucharest, in which he expressed alliance commitment to support Ukraine for as long as is required, because allowing Russia to win would only embolden Putin. He also promised Ukraine that NATO would one day accept them as a member and that Putin cannot deny sovereign nations the right to make their own sovereign decisions that are not a threat to Russia. He also speculated that the main challenges to Putin are democracy and freedom.
Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, speaking in the name of the EU, suggested the creation of a UN court to investigate war crimes committed by Russia. Russia does not recognize the International Criminal Court, so the European Commission has proposed two possible alternative ways to hold Russia accountable: either to create a court that would be set up by international treaties, or to create an international court with a number of judges from several countries. She estimated the war-damage to Ukraine is about 600 billion Euros. She proposed a financial plan to help pay for this. She pointed out that the EU has frozen 300 billion Euros worth of Russian central bank reserves and 20 billion Euros worth of money belonging to Russias oligarchs, which she suggested should be invested. The investments could be given to Ukraine when sanctions are lifted. The original statement by Ursula von der Leyen included a claim that 100,000 Ukrainian soldiers and 20,000 Ukrainian civilians have been killed so far in the war. This angered unspecified Ukrainian military officials, who are reported to have said that the death toll is classified information. In response, the European Commission edited the video of von der Leyen's speech to remove this information. Official publications of the text of the speech was also edited to omit the numbers.
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Explosions were reported at two Russian airbases: the one at Engels-2 reportedly damaged two Tu-95s according to Baza; the other at the Dyagilevo military airbase near Ryazan, destroyed a fuel truck and killed three, injuring five. Russian Minisitry of Defence stated Ukraine attempted to strike Russia's long-range aviation bombers with Soviet-made jet drones, and that the drones were subsequently shot down at low altitude when approaching the air bases. The attack involved the use of Tu-141 drones that were taken out of storage. They appear to have been fitted with improvised explosives. While no significant damage or burn marks are visible on satellite images of the Engels-2 air base, at least one Tu-22M3 bomber was visually confirmed to be slightly damaged at the Dyagilevo air base.
Following the attacks, Russia launched a renewed wave of missile strikes against Ukraine, consisting of about 70 cruise misilles. Ukraine claimed 60 missiles have been shot down, Russia claimed 17 targets have been hit on the ground. As a result, a missile fell again within the borders of Moldova, near the city of Briceni.
The Russian governor of Kursk, Roman Starovoyt, claimed that a Ukrainian drone attack destroyed an oil tank near an airbase. No reports of casualties and the fire was under control. No comment from Ukraine on these claims.
President Putin has acknowledged that the "special military operation" is taking longer than expected, however the Russian nuclear arsenal is preventing the conflict from escalating. As in June 2022, he made another reference to the expansion of the Russian Empire by Peter the Great.
Putin revealed that he is considering adopting the concept of the "preemptive strike" from the U.S. According to him, the U.S. openly discussed this policy some years ago, but currently Russia is only just thinking about it. A few hours after Putin's statement, Jens Stoltenberg, general secretary of NATO, warned that there's a real possibility of a major war between Russia and NATO.
Russia re-occupied the previously liberated Dnipro river island of Ostriv Velykyi Potomkin close to Kherson. This was confirmed by presidential advisor Oleksii Arestovych and Lieutenant Colonel Konstiantyn Mashovets, as well as some unofficial Russian sources. The General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces claimed on 15 December that Russia had begun the process of forcibly deporting the island's civilian residents.
Ukraine launched a missile attack on the Russian-occupied city of Melitopol including at a Russian military barracks; according to Melitopol's Russia-installed administrators, four missiles hit the city, killing two people. In addition, explosions were reported in Donetsk and Crimea.
The UK sanctioned Russian military commanders for missile attacks and Iranian businessmen for the production and supply of military drones. EU sanctioned 20 individuals and one entity of Iran over human rights abuse. Ministers of the European Union of Foreign Affairs have also claimed that they have proofs to support Iran supplying Shahed-136 drones to Russia despite denials from both countries.
Robert Magowan, a British lieutenant general and former commander of the Royal Marines, revealed that the Royal Marines have several times been involved in "secret operations" in Ukraine, in "extremely sensitive context", involving "a high level of political and military risk".
Reports emerged that U.S. officials were finalising and preparing to announce a plan to provide Ukraine with the sophisticated Patriot air defence system, agreeing to an urgent request from Ukrainian leaders amid increasing Russian missile attacks against Ukraine's infrastructure. Biden administration was reluctant to deploy the system for months, as a Patriot battery complex would need at least 90 trained troops to operate and maintain it, along with concerns that it would provoke Russia to escalate.
Andrii Yermak, Chief of Staff of the Office of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy, stated that they have released around 64 military personnel and a US Citizen during a prisoner swap deal with Russia.
The Kyiv School of Economics published a report estimating that, as of November 2022, Russia's invasion had caused $136 billion in direct damage to Ukraine's infrastructure. Energy infrastructure, industry, public, and private enterprises were impacted the most.
The recently liberated city of Kherson was entirely without power following recent Russian shelling, which killed at least two people. The Kherson military administration stated that the city was hit 86 times with "artillery, MLRS, tanks, mortars and UAVs," in the past 24 hours.
Russia launched around 76 missiles on Kyiv, Kharkiv, Poltava, and Kremenchuk, destroying infrastructure. Reports suggest at least four were killed in Kryvyi Rih. These 76 missiles were fired at 9 power plants; Ukraine claims 60 were intercepted.
Missiles were launched targeting infrastructure on Kyiv, Kharkiv, Kryvyi Rih and Zaporhizhzhia. Kyiv council member Ksenia Semenova stated that approximately 60% of residents were without power and 70% were without water. Ukraine restored power and water to approximately 6 million residents in 24 hours. 37 out of the 40 missiles fired at Kyiv were intercepted.
Russia started a new campaign on TV to recruit more soldiers. In one advertisement, some men leave for Georgia. An old woman drops her groceries and men who have not left help her pick them up. She then says: "The boys have left, the men stayed."
The Russian government recruited musicians to boost morale. The so-called "front-line creative brigade" will be made up from mobilised soldiers and musicians who have volunteered.
According to Ukrainian Air Force, Russia attacked Ukraine's infrastructure with 35 Iranian kamikaze drones, 30 of which are said to be shot down. 23 of the drones attacked Kyiv (according to the city officials, 18 of them were shot down). An infrastructure facility was damaged, leaving three areas in Kyiv without power supply. Energy shortages caused interruptions in heat and water supply. Mykolaiv and Kherson regions were also attacked. Building of Kherson Oblast State Administration was partially destroyed.
President Putin stated that the situation is "extremely difficult" in the four areas of Russia-annexed Ukraine. Putin ordered the Federal Security Services to step up surveillance at the country's borders to combat "emergence of new threats" from abroad and traitors.
Russian energy exporter Gazprom said that despite a fatal explosion at the Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhhorod pipeline they were able to supply gas to their customers using parallel pipelines without any shortages.
Ukraine President Zelenskyy met United States President Biden during his 2022 visit and addressed a joint session of the US Congress after Speaker of the house Nancy Pelosi invited President Zelenskyy.
United States National Security Council spokesperson John Kirby estimated that the Wagner Group deployed 40,000 mercenaries of recruited convicts and 10,000 mercenaries of contractors. The North Korean Foreign ministry denied US claims that it was supplying "infantry rockets and missiles into Russia".
Speaking to reporters, President Putin referred to the conflict in Ukraine as a "war" and also said that the U.S. Patriot system is "old and does not work as well as the Russian S-300 missile system". Critics stated that referring to the conflict as a "war" is considered a crime under a censorship law signed in March 2022, with a penalty of up to 15 years in prison, and called for the prosecution of President Putin.
The Netherlands pledged up to 2.5 billion euros to help Ukraine in 2023. This aid will pay for military equipment and rebuilding critical infrastructure. President Zelenskyy thanked them for this pledge.
Russian forces shelled Kherson leaving 10 dead and 55 injured according to the Ukrainian President and officials. President Zelenskyy stated that the shelling first hit a department store and then a market.
Pavel Antov, a Russian billionaire and member of the United Russia party for a regional parliament, has died after a fall from a hotel in India. Describe as a "sausage magnate", Antov is about the 12th high-profile Russian businessman to have died due to suicide or an accident. Having previously made anti-war comments on WhatsApp, he claimed it was due to a "technical error". Another Russian, and friend of Antov's, Vladimir Budanov also died at the same hotel just two days before.
President Putin stated that Russia is ready for negotiation, but that Kyiv and its Western backers refused to engage in talks. Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan accused the West of only provoking the war in Ukraine, rather than mediating it. Erdogan cited the Black Sea Grain Initiative as an example of Turkey's role in mediating.
Russia claims to have shot down a Ukrainian drone near the Engels-2 (air base). The governor of the region, Roman Busargin, reported no damage to "civilian infrastructure". Three people from the "technical staff" were killed by falling drone wreckage. According to the Russian defence ministry, "a Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicle was shot down at low altitude while approaching the Engels military airfield in the Saratov region." Ukrainian and Russian social media accounts report a number of bombers have been destroyed; however Reuters couldn't confirm these claims.
Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) reported four Ukrainian saboteurs were killed by landmines during a failed cross-border operation into the Bryansk region. The Ukrainians were wearing winter camouflage and carrying German SIG Sauer firearms, navigation equipment, and four bombs.
Ukraine has asked the United Nations to expel Russia from the United Nations Security Council, claiming that Russia has illegally taken the seat of the USSR and is a hostile nation that wages illegal wars.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stated that Ukraine must accept Moscow's peace demands: "Our proposals for the demilitarisation and denazification of the territories controlled by the regime, the elimination of threats to Russia's security emanating from there, including our new lands, are well known to the enemy. The point is simple: Fulfil them for your own good. Otherwise, the issue will be decided by the Russian army."
Russia banned crude oil sales to price cap nations which includes G7, European Union, and Australia. President Putin issued a decree that ban will be effective from 1 February 2023 up to 5 months and stated that sale ban could be lifted to individuals through "specific reasons".
Chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate of Ukraine, Kyrylo Budanov said that at present, neither Ukraine nor Russian forces were able to advance.
Ukraine Presidential advisor Mykhailo Podolyak stated that over 120 missiles were launched at infrastructure facilities in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv and other cities. Ukraine claimed that 54 of 69 missiles were shot down and three people died in Kyiv; 90% of Lviv and 40% of Kyiv were without power.
The Russian regional governor, Roman Busargin, claimed that a Ukrainian drone was shot down near the Engels-2 Air Base with only slight damage to residential housing and no injuries. There were unverified reports on social media of air raid sirens and an explosion.
Ukrainian army claimed to have shot down 16 drones launched by Russian forces at Kyiv and other cities. Mayor of Kyiv Vitali Klitschko, stated that two were shot down outside Kyiv while five were shot down "over" Kyiv.
President Putin and President Xi Jinping held talks via video link in which the latter reassured the former that he would maintain an "objective and fair stance" regarding the situation, according to CCTV.
The head of Ukraine's armed forces, Valerii Zaluzhnyi, claimed that air defences had shot down 12 of 20 Russian cruise missiles. Vitaly Klitschko, the Mayor of Kyiv, stated that a series of explosions directed at infrastructure killed at least one person and wounded twenty, including a Japanese journalist. A drone strike on Khmelnytskyi injured two persons.
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The Ukrainian military claimed to have killed 400 Russian soldiers with another 300 being wounded during a missile attack on Makiivka in occupied Donetsk. Daniil Bezsonov, a senior Russian-backed official, blamed the attack on the "American HIMARS", claiming that some 25 rockets were fired at the region. Russia's Ministry of Defence confirmed that a total of 63 Russian soldiers had died in the attack after 6 rockets had been fired. The barracks was based next to an ammunition dump, according to Russian milbloggers, which may explain the large explosion. Bezsonov has called for the military officers responsible to be "punished". The General Staff of Ukraine claimed 10 vehicles destroyed. On 3 January the Russian Ministry of Defence gave an updated figure of 89 dead.
Ukraine armed forces claimed that they had shot down 45 kamikaze drones. The Russian attack came several hours after the Ukrainian attack on Makiivka. According to the Mayor of Kyiv, one man was injured by falling debris.
Russian Orthodox Church Primate Patriarch Kirill called for a Christmas ceasefire so that people could attend Orthodox Christmas services on 6 and 7 January. Turkish President Erdogan also called for a "unilateral cease-fire"; afterwards, President Putin ordered Russian armed forces to hold a 36-hour cease-fire for the Russian Orthodox Christmas. Ukraine rejected Russia's cease-fire proposal. The UK MoD said that fighting had "continued at a routine level into the Orthodox Christmas period."
In a joint statement President Biden and Chancellor Scholz announced that the German government had decided to provide Ukraine with a Patriot missile system and 40 Marder Infantry Fighting Vehicles, while the United States government would provide around 50 Bradley Fighting Vehicles.
The United States Department of Defence awarded a $40 million contract to L3Harris to provide Ukraine with 4 VAMPIRE kits (vehicle-mountable light guided missile system) in mid 2023 and 10 by 2023 year-end.
The Russian ministry of defence claimed that more than 600 Ukrainian soldiers were killed during the attack on barracks in Kramatorsk. Kramatorsk's Mayor Oleksandr Honcharenko stated that the attack only damaged two buildings and there was no evidence of casualties. A Finnish and more than one Reuters journalist visited the site and found out that an S-300 had struck an empty school building, with no signs of casualties.
Ukraine's Regional prosecutor office claimed that an S-300 fired from Belgorod Oblast hit a market in Shevchenkove, killing two women, wounding a child, and reportedly damaging a shopping centre.
A spokesperson stated that Germany has no plans to provide the Leopard 2 to Ukraine. Armin Papperger, the CEO of German arms manufacturer Rheinmetall, stated that the company would not be able to deliver battle-ready Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine until 2024.
Ukrainian steel production was reduced by about 70% in 2022 as a result of the conflict.
US and Ukrainian officials stated that Russian artillery fire had declined nearly 75% in some places.
The Russian Military stated that it captured Soledar, but Ukraine Defence minister Oleksii Reznikov denied that the city had been captured and stated the fighting was "very difficult". Governor of Donetsk Pavlo Kyrylenko stated that "559 civilians including 15 children" remained in Soledar and couldn't be evacuated. President Zelenskyy and Ukrainian Deputy Defense Minister Hanna Maliar announced that pockets of resistance in the city center continues, and that the western portion of the settlement remains in Ukrainian hands. Chief of staff to the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak stated that "Soledar is a scene of street battles, with neither side really in control of the town." Geolocation based on photos suggested that Ukrainian troops were still defending the north western part of the city.
Ukranian energy minister German Galushchenko stated that Russian missiles hit critical infrastructure in most regions of Ukraine. Two Russian S-300 missiles attacked critical infrastructure in Kharkiv.
The Deputy head of the Office of the President, Kyrylo Tymoshenko, stated that a multi-storey residential building in Dnipro was hit, resulting in around 73 people wounded including 14 children, 40 deaths, 30 missing and 400 homeless. President Zelenskyy claimed that around 20 missiles out of 30 launched were shot down and 37 people were yet to be rescued. The building was hit by a kh-22 missile, a missile that Ukraine can't intercept.
A grenade exploded in Tonenkoye village's community center, which was used to store ammunition and house Russian soldiers. TASS reported that the RGD-5 grenade explosion in Belgorod Oblast killed 3 soldiers and wounded 16. Eight soldiers are missing.
Australian Defence minister Richard Marles stated that Australian Army soldiers will be deployed in the UK to train Ukrainian soldiers in "infantry tactics in an urban, wooded and basic infantry tactics".
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki stated that Poland will provide 14 Leopard tanks to Ukraine regardless of Germany's approval; the next day, Poland officially requested permission to export them. German Defence Minister Boris Pistorius encouraged other countries to provide training on the tanks for Ukrainian soldiers.
Norwegian defence chief General Eirik Kristoffersen stated that around 180,000 Russian soldiers were dead or wounded and there were around 100,000 military casualties and 30,000 civilian dead from Ukraine.
Several senior and junior ministers resigned from positions in the Ukrainian government, including the deputy head of the President's Office, a deputy Defence Minister, the Deputy Prosecutor-General and the deputy infrastructure minister.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz agreed to provide Leopard 2 tanks and allowed other countries to do the same. Ukraine senior officals stated that around 100 Leopard 2 tanks from twelve countries are ready to be transferred to Ukraine.
The United States is expected to send 31 M1 Abrams tanks to Ukraine and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz agreed to provide 14 Leopard 2A6 tanks to Ukraine. Those tanks, along with the contributions of other nations, will total around 88 Leopard tanks.
The Ukrainian Air Force stated that Russia had launched around 55 missiles, 24 Shahed-136 drones and a Kh-47 Kinzhal hypersonic, of which 47 were claimed to be shot down. Kyiv’s Mayor reported one casualty and two persons wounded at an apartment block hit in the Holosiiv district.
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Source: "Timeline of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 3", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 27th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_2022_Russian_invasion_of_Ukraine:_phase_3.
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2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
List of military engagements during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Territorial control during the Russo-Ukrainian War
Eastern Ukraine campaign
Northeastern Ukraine campaign
Russian occupation of Donetsk Oblast
2022 Kherson counteroffensive
Attacks on civilians in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
2022 Kharkiv counteroffensive
Russian annexation of Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia oblasts
2022–2023 Russian strikes against Ukrainian infrastructure
Outline of the Russo-Ukrainian War
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