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Thomas A. Finlay

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Thomas Aloysius Finlay, S.J. (1848 – 1940) was an Irish Catholic priest, economist, philosopher and editor.

Early life

He was born on 6 July 1848 near Lanesborough, the son of William Finlay, an engineer, and his wife Maria Magan; the politician Thomas Finlay, named after him, was his nephew. His father, who died in 1864, was from Fifeshire, a Protestant convert to Catholicism; his mother was a Catholic from County Cavan.[1]

Finlay was educated at St Augustine's College, Cavan, and became a novice of the Society of Jesus in 1866, at the Jesuit theological faculty, Milltown Park, Dublin. He took vows in 1868. He then spent time in Saint-Acheul, France, the Gregorian University, Rome. Moved on because of capture of Rome of the Risorgimento, he was sent to Maria Laach Abbey, in Germany. There he encountered Prussian agricultural methods and the Raiffeisenbank system; and gained an interest in biology from colleagues.[2] He returned to Ireland in 1873.[3]

From 1873 to 1876, Finlay taught at Crescent College, Limerick. He founded and edited the magazine Catholic Ireland, with Matthew Russell, later the Irish Monthly.[2] In 1877 he was moved to St Beuno's College in Wales, where he was noted for "direct speech and rough clothes".[4] He overlapped there with Gerard Manley Hopkins, whom he knew better from 1884, when Hopkins was a fellow of the Royal University of Ireland and had a post at University College, Dublin. At St Beuno's Finlay started The Lyceum, the college magazine, in the year he arrived, but could not induce Hopkins to contribute.[5][6][7]

Finlay in 1880 was ordained priest, and in 1881 he was made head of St Stanislaus College in Tullabeg, replacing William Delany.[8]

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Lanesborough–Ballyleague

Lanesborough–Ballyleague

Lanesborough–Ballyleague, more commonly known simply as Lanesborough, is a town in the midlands of Ireland. Lanesborough is on the County Longford (east) side and Ballyleague on the County Roscommon (west) side of the River Shannon. They are located at the northern tip of Lough Ree on the N63 national secondary road at its junction with the R371 and R392. The town of Longford is 16 km north-east on the N63, the town of Roscommon is 15 km south-west on the N63, the town of Ballymahon is 20 km south-east on the R392 and the town of Strokestown is 15 km north-west on the R371.

County Cavan

County Cavan

County Cavan is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Ulster and is part of the Border Region. It is named after the town of Cavan and is based on the historic Gaelic territory of East Breffny (Bréifne). Cavan County Council is the local authority for the county, which had a population of 76,176 at the 2016 census.

Saint-Acheul

Saint-Acheul

Saint-Acheul is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France. It is not to be confused with Saint-Acheul, a suburb of Amiens after which the Acheulean archaeological culture of the Lower Paleolithic is named.

Capture of Rome

Capture of Rome

The Capture of Rome on 20 September 1870 was the final event of the unification of Italy (Risorgimento), marking both the final defeat of the Papal States under Pope Pius IX and the unification of the Italian Peninsula under the Kingdom of Italy.

Maria Laach Abbey

Maria Laach Abbey

Maria Laach Abbey is a Benedictine abbey situated on the southwestern shore of the Laacher See, near Andernach, in the Eifel region of the Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. It is a member of the Beuronese Congregation within the Benedictine Confederation. The abbey was built in the 11th-12th centuries and was originally known as "Abtei Laach" until 1862 when the Jesuits added the name "Maria".

Raiffeisenbank

Raiffeisenbank

Raiffeisenbank refers to cooperative banks in Europe that are rooted in the early credit unions of Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen. The name is found in:Raiffeisen Bankengruppe (Austria), Austrian group of cooperative banks. Raiffeisen Zentralbank Österreich, the group's former central institution Raiffeisen Bank International, the group's central institution, which merged with Raiffeisen Zentralbank Österreich in 2017 Raiffeisen (Albania), the group's subsidiary in Albania Raiffeisenbank (Bulgaria), the group's subsidiary in Bulgaria Raiffeisenbank, the group's subsidiary in the Czech Republic Raiffeisen Bank (Hungary), the group's subsidiary in Hungary Raiffeisen Bank (Romania), the group's subsidiary in Romania Raiffeisenbank (Russia), the group's subsidiary in Russia Raiffeisen Bank (Serbia), the group's subsidiary in Serbia Raiffeisen Bank Aval, the group's subsidiary in Ukraine Raiffeisen-Landesbank Tirol Raiffeisenlandesbank Niederösterreich-Wien Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich German Cooperative Financial Group, which includes Volksbanken and Raiffeisenbanken. Raiffeisen Landesbank Südtirol – Cassa Centrale Raiffeisen dell'Alto Adige, South Tyrol, Italy group of cooperative banks. Raiffeisen (Switzerland), Swiss group of cooperative banks. Banque Raiffeisen, Luxembourgian group of cooperative banks. Rabobank, Dutch group of cooperative banks. Raiffeisen Bank Bosnia i Hercegovina, the group's subsidiary in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Crescent College

Crescent College

Crescent College Comprehensive SJ, formerly known as the College of the Sacred Heart, is a secondary school located on 40 acres (160,000 m2) of parkland at Dooradoyle, Limerick, Ireland. The college is one of a number of Jesuit schools in Ireland.

Limerick

Limerick

Limerick is a western city in Ireland situated within County Limerick. It is in the province of Munster and is located in the Mid-West which comprises part of the Southern Region. With a population of 94,192 at the 2016 census, Limerick is the third-most populous urban area in the state, and the fourth-most populous city on the island of Ireland at the 2011 census. The city lies on the River Shannon, with the historic core of the city located on King's Island, which is bounded by the Shannon and Abbey Rivers. Limerick is also located at the head of the Shannon Estuary, where the river widens before it flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Limerick City and County Council is the local authority for the city.

Matthew Russell (priest)

Matthew Russell (priest)

Matthew Russell SJ (1834–1912) was an Irish Jesuit, known as a writer, poet and editor.

Irish Monthly

Irish Monthly

The Irish Monthly was an Irish Catholic magazine founded in Dublin, Ireland in July 1873. Until 1920 it had the sub-title A Magazine of General Literature.

Gerard Manley Hopkins

Gerard Manley Hopkins

Gerard Manley Hopkins was an English poet and Jesuit priest, whose posthumous fame placed him among leading Victorian poets. His prosody – notably his concept of sprung rhythm – established him as an innovator, as did his praise of God through vivid use of imagery and nature. Only after his death did Robert Bridges publish a few of Hopkins's mature poems in anthologies, hoping to prepare for wider acceptance of his style. By 1930 Hopkins's work was seen as one of the most original literary advances of his century. It intrigued such leading 20th-century poets as T. S. Eliot, Dylan Thomas, W. H. Auden, Stephen Spender and Cecil Day-Lewis.

Royal University of Ireland

Royal University of Ireland

The Royal University of Ireland was founded in accordance with the University Education (Ireland) Act 1879 as an examining and degree-awarding university based on the model of the University of London. A Royal Charter was issued on 27 April 1880 and examinations were open to candidates irrespective of attendance at college lectures. The first chancellor was the Irish chemist Robert Kane.

Dublin

Amid reorganisation of the Catholic colleges in Dublin, Finlay moved on to University College, Dublin (formerly the Catholic University), then under Henry Neville. In 1883, under Delany from December, he became joint professor at University, with his brother Peter, of mental and moral science. He was also made rector of Belvedere College in north Dublin.[8][9] He was auditor of the Literary and Historical Society (University College Dublin) in 1883–1884; and, in turn, professor of classics, of philosophy, and of political economy at University College, from 1903 to 1930.[10]

With Horace Plunkett he helped found the Irish Agricultural Organisation Society, and was a member of the 1895 Recess Committee which led to the establishment of the Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction, a forerunner of the Department of Agriculture.[11] He was a Commissioner of National Education, chaired the Committee on Intermediate Education, and was chairman of the trustees of the National Library.[12] He was president of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland between 1911 and 1913.[13][14]

Finlay was involved as founder and editor of a second magazine called The Lyceum (1889–1994), and with the New Ireland Review and its successor Studies : An Irish Quarterly Review. He founded the Irish Homestead for the co-operative movement, in 1896, and edited it to 1905.[3] He also helped found the Irish Messenger of the Sacred Heart.[10]

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Henry Neville (Rector)

Henry Neville (Rector)

Henry Francis Neville was an Irish Roman Catholic priest and educator who served as Rector of the Catholic University of Ireland and Dean of Cork.

Belvedere College

Belvedere College

Belvedere College S.J. is a voluntary secondary school for boys in Dublin, Ireland. The school has numerous alumni in the arts, politics, sports, science, and business.

Auditors of the Literary and Historical Society (University College Dublin)

Auditors of the Literary and Historical Society (University College Dublin)

The Auditor of the Literary and Historical Society at University College Dublin, Ireland is a position elected by the members of the society. In this setting, the term auditor has no connection with accounting but means "a position corresponding to that of President of the Union at Oxford or Cambridge". Some former auditors of the society have gone on to careers of high distinction in law, politics, medicine, academia, journalism, and other endeavours.

Horace Plunkett

Horace Plunkett

Sir Horace Curzon Plunkett, was an Anglo-Irish agricultural reformer, pioneer of agricultural cooperatives, Unionist MP, supporter of Home Rule, Irish Senator and author.

Irish Agricultural Organisation Society

Irish Agricultural Organisation Society

The Irish Agricultural Organisation Society (IAOS) was an agricultural association in Ireland which advocated, and helped to organise, agricultural cooperativism, including mutual credit facilities. From its establishment by Sir Horace Plunkett in 1894, it quickly became an important element of the Irish economy and laid the foundations of the successful Irish dairy industry.

National Library of Ireland

National Library of Ireland

The National Library of Ireland is the Republic of Ireland's national library located in Dublin, in a building designed by Thomas Newenham Deane. The mission of the National Library of Ireland is 'To collect, preserve, promote and make accessible the documentary and intellectual record of the life of Ireland and to contribute to the provision of access to the larger universe of recorded knowledge.'

Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland

Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland

The Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland (SSISI) is a learned society which analyses the major changes that have taken place in population, employment, legal and administrative systems and social services in Ireland. It operates as an all-Ireland body.

New Ireland Review

New Ireland Review

The New Ireland Review was an Irish literary magazine founded in Dublin, Ireland in 1894. It was founded by Rev. Thomas A. Finlay, S.J., who was the editor until 1911, when it was replaced by the journal Studies.

Studies (journal)

Studies (journal)

Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review is an Irish scholarly journal established in 1912, with its first issue published in March 1912. It is published by Messenger Publications for the Jesuits of Ireland. Its current editor, appointed in 2021, is Dr Dermot Roantree, of the Irish Jesuit Communications office. He is the first lay editor of the journal.

Irish Homestead

Irish Homestead

The Irish Homestead was the weekly publication of the Irish Agricultural Organisation Society (IAOS). It was founded in 1895 by Horace Plunkett.

Messenger of the Sacred Heart

Messenger of the Sacred Heart

The Messenger of the Sacred Heart is a Roman Catholic periodical; the print organ of the Apostleship of Prayer, a pious association founded in nineteenth century France by the Jesuits. There are many editions in various languages, promoting devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. In the late 1940s, The Messenger was banned in many Soviet Block countries.

Source: "Thomas A. Finlay", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_A._Finlay.

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References
  1. ^ Morrissey, Thomas J. (2004). Thomas A. Finlay SJ, 1848-1940: Educationalist, Editor, Social Reformer. Four Courts Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-85182-827-2.
  2. ^ a b Morrissey, Thomas J. (2004). Thomas A. Finlay SJ, 1848-1940: Educationalist, Editor, Social Reformer. Four Courts Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-85182-827-2.
  3. ^ a b Morrissey, Thomas J. "Finlay, Thomas Aloysius". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/52697. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ White, Norman (1992). Hopkins : a literary biography. Oxford. p. 383. ISBN 019818350X.
  5. ^ Morrissey, Thomas J. (2004). Thomas A. Finlay SJ, 1848-1940: Educationalist, Editor, Social Reformer. Four Courts Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-85182-827-2.
  6. ^ White, Norman (1992). Hopkins : a literary biography. Oxford. pp. 386 and 399. ISBN 019818350X.
  7. ^ White, Norman. "Hopkins, Gerard Manley (1844–1889)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37565. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  8. ^ a b Morrissey, Thomas J. (2004). Thomas A. Finlay SJ, 1848-1940: Educationalist, Editor, Social Reformer. Four Courts Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-85182-827-2.
  9. ^ Morrissey, Thomas J. "Delany, William (1835–1924)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/55181. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. ^ a b Studies, Vol. 29, No. 113, Mar., 1940
  11. ^ Ireland in the New Century, Chapt.8
  12. ^ Morrissey, 2004
  13. ^ Finlay, T. A. (1912). "Labour associations in their relation to the state". tara.tcd.ie.
  14. ^ Rankin, Kieran; Sweeney, P.; Keating, B. (2014). "Biographical Portraits of the Past Presidents of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland". tara.tcd.ie. Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland. p. 2.
Sources

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