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The KLF discography

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This discography lists the key British and notable international releases of The KLF and the other pseudonyms of Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty. It also details the other releases on their independent record label, KLF Communications, by KLF-spinoff Disco 2000 and Space (Cauty's solo work). In the United Kingdom—their home country—Drummond and Cauty released six albums and a wide array of 12 " singles on KLF Communications. In other territories their material was typically issued under licence by local labels.

Although the duo's early works as The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (The JAMs) aroused media interest, with many singles being awarded "single of the week" by various music publications,[1] Drummond and Cauty neither sought nor found mainstream chart success until the release of The Timelords' million-selling DIY release "Doctorin' the Tardis" in May 1988.[2] The KLF's single "Kylie Said to Jason", from The White Room soundtrack, was designed for chart success, but failed to reach the UK Top 100.[3] However, The KLF achieved international chart success with the string of pop-house singles that began with "What Time Is Love? (Live at Trancentral)", and they became the internationally highest-selling singles band of 1991.[4][5]

Note that this is a not a complete list; compilation appearances of otherwise available tracks, bootleg recordings, and certain very limited edition remix and promotional singles have been excluded.[n 1]

Discover more about The KLF discography related topics

Bill Drummond

Bill Drummond

William Ernest Drummond is a Scottish artist, musician, writer and record producer. He was the co-founder of late 1980s avant-garde pop group The KLF and its 1990s media-manipulating successor, the K Foundation, with which he famously burned £1 million in 1994. More recent art activities, carried out under Drummond's chosen banner of the Penkiln Burn, include making and distributing cakes, soup, flowers, beds and shoe-shines. More recent music projects include No Music Day, and the international tour of a choir called The17. Drummond is the author of several books about art and music.

Jimmy Cauty

Jimmy Cauty

James Francis Cauty, also known as Rockman Rock, is an English artist and musician, best known as one-half of the duo The KLF, co-founder of The Orb and as the man who burnt £1 million.

Independent record label

Independent record label

An independent record label is a record label that operates without the funding or distribution of major record labels; they are a type of small- to medium-sized enterprise, or SME. The labels and artists are often represented by trade associations in their country or region, which in turn are represented by the international trade body, the Worldwide Independent Network (WIN).

Disco 2000 (band)

Disco 2000 (band)

Disco 2000 was a British pop band, a side project of The KLF. Vocals were handled by Cress, then-wife of KLF co-founder Jimmy Cauty, and "Mo". Between 1987 and 1989, Disco 2000 released three singles on the KLF Communications label, none of which entered the top 75 of the UK Singles Chart.

Doctorin' the Tardis

Doctorin' the Tardis

"Doctorin' the Tardis" is a 1988 electronic novelty pop single by the Timelords. The song is predominantly a mash-up of the Doctor Who theme music and Gary Glitter's "Rock and Roll " with sections from "Blockbuster!" by Sweet. The single was not well received by critics but was a commercial success, hitting number one on the UK and New Zealand singles charts, and reaching the top 10 in Australia, Finland, Ireland and Norway.

Kylie Said to Jason

Kylie Said to Jason

"Kylie Said to Jason" was a 1989 single by The KLF, referring to Kylie Minogue and Jason Donovan, then stars in the popular Australian TV soap opera Neighbours. Designed for chart success, the single nonetheless failed to enter the UK top 100.

Pop music

Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form during the mid-1950s in the United States and the United Kingdom. The terms popular music and pop music are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many disparate styles. During the 1950s and 1960s, pop music encompassed rock and roll and the youth-oriented styles it influenced. Rock and pop music remained roughly synonymous until the late 1960s, after which pop became associated with music that was more commercial, ephemeral, and accessible.

House music

House music

House is a music genre characterized by a repetitive four-on-the-floor beat and a typical tempo of 120 beats per minute. It was created by DJs and music producers from Chicago's underground club culture in the late 1970s, as DJs began altering disco songs to give them a more mechanical beat.

Compilation album

Compilation album

A compilation album comprises tracks, which may be previously released or unreleased, usually from several separate recordings by either one or several performers. If by one artist, then generally the tracks were not originally intended for release together as a single work, but may be collected together as a greatest hits album or box set. If from several performers, there may be a theme, topic, time period, or genre which links the tracks, or they may have been intended for release as a single work—such as a tribute album. When the tracks are by the same recording artist, the album may be referred to as a retrospective album or an anthology.

Bootleg recording

Bootleg recording

A bootleg recording is an audio or video recording of a performance not officially released by the artist or under other legal authority. Making and distributing such recordings is known as bootlegging. Recordings may be copied and traded among fans without financial exchange, but some bootleggers have sold recordings for profit, sometimes by adding professional-quality sound engineering and packaging to the raw material. Bootlegs usually consist of unreleased studio recordings, live performances or interviews without the quality control of official releases.

Remix

Remix

A remix is a piece of media which has been altered or contorted from its original state by adding, removing, or changing pieces of the item. A song, piece of artwork, book, video, poem, or photograph can all be remixes. The only characteristic of a remix is that it appropriates and changes other materials to create something new.

Promotional recording

Promotional recording

A promotional recording, or promo, or plug copy, is an audio or video recording distributed free, usually in order to promote a recording that is or soon will be commercially available. Promos are normally sent directly to broadcasters, such as music radio and television stations, and to tastemakers, such as DJs, music journalists, and critics, in advance of the release of commercial editions, in the hope that airplay, reviews, and other forms of exposure will result and stimulate the public's interest in the commercial release.

Albums

Studio albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certification
UK
[6]
UK Indie
[7]
AUS
[8][9]
AUT
[10]
NLD
[11]
SWE
[12]
SWI
[13]
US
[14]
1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?) 5
Who Killed The JAMs?
  • Artist: The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu
  • Released: 8 February 1988
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP2
3
Chill Out
  • Artist: The KLF
  • Released: 5 February 1990
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP 5
Space
  • Artist: Space
  • Released: 16 July 1990
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: SPACE LP1
The White Room
  • Artist: The KLF
  • Released: 4 March 1991
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP 6
3 5 13 11 12 13 39
Waiting for the Rights of Mu
  • Artist: Kopyright Liberation Front (The KLF)
  • Released: 13 October 1997
  • Label: Echo Beach
  • Catalogue number: EBSC8/EB814
"—" denotes that the release did not chart

Compilation albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions
UK Indie
[7]
Shag Times
  • Artist: The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu/The KLF
  • Released: 16 January 1989
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS DLP 3
5
The "What Time Is Love?" Story
  • Artist: The KLF/Various Artists
  • Released: 25 September 1989
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP 4
Solid State Logik 1
  • Artist: The KLF
  • Released: 1 January 2021
  • Label: KLF Communications
Solid State Logik 2
  • Artist: The KLF
  • Released: 23 March 2021
  • Label: KLF Communications
"—" denotes that the release did not chart

Discover more about Albums related topics

UK Albums Chart

UK Albums Chart

The Official Albums Chart is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and audio streaming in the United Kingdom. It was published for the first time on 22 July 1956 and is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company (OCC) on Fridays. It is broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and found on the OCC website as a Top 100 or on UKChartsPlus as a Top 200, with positions continuing until all sales have been tracked in data only available to industry insiders. However, even though number 100 was classed as a hit album in the 1980s until January 1989, since the compilations were removed this definition was changed to Top 75 with follow-up books such as The Virgin Book of British Hit Albums book only including this data. As of 2021, the OCC still only tracks how many UK Top 75s album hits and how many weeks in Top 75 albums chart each artist has achieved.

ARIA Charts

ARIA Charts

The ARIA Charts are the main Australian music sales charts, issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association. The charts are a record of the highest selling songs and albums in various genres in Australia. ARIA became the official Australian music chart in June 1988, succeeding the Kent Music Report, which had been Australia's national music sales charts since 1974.

Austria

Austria

The Republic of Austria, commonly just Austria, is a country in the southern part of Central Europe, lying in the Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine states, one of which is the capital, Vienna, the most populous city and state. A landlocked country, Austria is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The country occupies an area of 83,871 km2 (32,383 sq mi) and has a population of 9 million.

Netherlands

Netherlands

The Netherlands, informally Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands consists of twelve provinces; it borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, with a North Sea coastline to the north and west. It shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom, Germany and Belgium in the North Sea. The country's official language is Dutch, with West Frisian as a secondary official language in the province of Friesland. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised regional languages, while Dutch Sign Language, Sinte Romani and Yiddish are recognised non-territorial languages. Dutch, English and Papiamento are official in the Caribbean territories.

Sweden

Sweden

Sweden, formally the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Nordic country in Scandinavia. It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge–tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest Nordic country, the third-largest country in the European Union, and the fifth-largest country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has a total population of 10.5 million, and a low population density of 25.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (66/sq mi), with around 87% of Swedes residing in urban areas in the central and southern half of the country.

Swiss Hitparade

Swiss Hitparade

The Swiss Hitparade is Switzerland's main music sales charts. The charts are a record of the highest-selling singles and albums in various genres in Switzerland.

Billboard 200

Billboard 200

The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–1972), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–1984), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–1985), and Billboard Top Pop Albums (1985–1992).

1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)

1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)

1987 is the debut studio album by British electronic band The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu, later known as the KLF. 1987 was produced using extensive unauthorised samples that plagiarised a wide range of musical works, continuing a theme begun in the JAMs' debut single "All You Need Is Love". These samples provided a deliberately provocative backdrop for beatbox rhythms and cryptic, political raps.

The KLF

The KLF

The KLF are a British electronic band formed in London in 1987. Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty began by releasing hip hop-inspired and sample-heavy records as the JAMs. As the Timelords, they recorded the British number-one single "Doctorin' the Tardis", and documented the process of making a hit record in a book The Manual . As the KLF, Drummond and Cauty pioneered stadium house and, with their 1990 LP Chill Out, the ambient house genre. The KLF released a series of international hits on their own KLF Communications record label and became the biggest selling singles act in the world in 1991.

Chill Out (KLF album)

Chill Out (KLF album)

Chill Out is the third studio album by British electronic music group The KLF, released on 5 February 1990. It is an ambient-styled concept album featuring an extensive selection of samples, portraying a mythical night-time journey throughout the U.S. Gulf Coast states, beginning in Texas and ending in Louisiana. Chill Out was conceived as a continuous piece of music, with original KLF music interwoven with samples from songs by Elvis Presley, Fleetwood Mac, Acker Bilk, Van Halen, 808 State and field recordings of Tuvan throat singers.

Space (Jimmy Cauty album)

Space (Jimmy Cauty album)

Space is a 1990 ambient house concept album by Jimmy Cauty under the alias Space. Originally intended to be The Orb's debut album, Space was refactored for release as a solo album following Cauty's departure from that group. Space was independently released on KLF Communications, the record label formed to distribute the work of Cauty's other project, The KLF.

The White Room (KLF album)

The White Room (KLF album)

The White Room is the fourth and final studio album by British electronic music group The KLF, released on 3 March 1991. The album features versions of the band's hit singles, including "What Time Is Love?", "3 a.m. Eternal", and "Last Train to Trancentral".

Singles

Year Single Artist Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
Album
UK[6][16] UK
Indie
[7]
AUS
[8][9]
AUT
[10]
IRE
[17]
NLD
[18]
NOR
[19]
SWE
[12][20]
SWI
[13][21]
US
[22]
US
Dance

[22]
1987 "All You Need Is Love"
  • JAMS 23
The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu 3 1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)
"Whitney Joins The JAMs"
  • JAMS 24T
4 Singles only
"1987 (The JAMS 45 Edits)"
  • JAMS 25T
35
"I Gotta CD"
  • D 2000
Disco 2000
"Down Town"
  • JAMS 27
The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu 5
1988 "Burn the Bastards" / "Burn the Beat"[n 2]
  • JAMS 26 / KLF 002
The KLF[n 3] 15 Who Killed The JAMs?
"One Love Nation"
  • D 2002
Disco 2000 Singles only
"Doctorin' the Tardis"
  • KLF 003
The Timelords 1 1 2 4 25 10 66 16
"What Time Is Love?
(Pure Trance Original)
"
  • KLF 004 [Pure Trance 1]
The KLF
1989 "Uptight (Everything's Alright)"
  • D 2003
Disco 2000
"3 a.m. Eternal
(Pure Trance Original)
"
  • KLF 005 [Pure Trance 2]
The KLF
"Kylie Said to Jason"
  • KLF 010
6
1990 "Last Train to Trancentral
(Pure Trance Original)
"
  • KLF 008 [Pure Trance 5][n 4]
"What Time Is Love?
(Live at Trancentral)
"
  • KLF 004
5 73 23 15 14 23 13 The White Room
1991 "3 a.m. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)"
  • KLF 005
1 3 7 5 5 2 4 5 1
"Last Train to Trancentral
(Live from the Lost Continent)
"
  • KLF 008
2 5 6 1 4 5 6 17
"America: What Time Is Love?"
  • KLF USA4
4 40 3 4 4 2 6 3 57 10 Singles only
"It's Grim Up North"
  • JAMS 28
The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu 10 136 26
"Justified and Ancient
(Stand by The JAMs)
"[n 5]
  • KLF 099
The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette) 2 3 1 4 2 3 1 2 11 2
1992 "3 a.m. Eternal"[n 6]
  • KLF 5TOTP
The KLF with Extreme Noise Terror
1993 "K Cera Cera
(War Is Over If You Want It)
"[n 7]
The K Foundation presents
The Red Army Choir
1997 "Fuck the Millennium" 2K (featuring Acid Brass) 28 29
"—" denotes that the release did not chart

Discover more about Singles related topics

UK Singles Chart

UK Singles Chart

The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company (OCC), on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, and over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is currently defined by the Official Charts Company (OCC) as either a 'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence. The rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.

ARIA Charts

ARIA Charts

The ARIA Charts are the main Australian music sales charts, issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association. The charts are a record of the highest selling songs and albums in various genres in Australia. ARIA became the official Australian music chart in June 1988, succeeding the Kent Music Report, which had been Australia's national music sales charts since 1974.

Irish Singles Chart

Irish Singles Chart

The Irish Singles Chart is the Republic of Ireland's music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by the Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA) and compiled on their behalf by the Official Charts Company. Chart rankings are based on sales, which are compiled through over-the-counter retail data captured electronically each day from retailers' EPOS systems. All major record shops, digital retailers and streaming services contribute to the chart, accounting for over 95% of the market. A new chart is compiled and officially released to the public by the Irish Recorded Music Association on Friday at noon. Each chart is dated with the "week-ending" date of the previous Thursday. The singles chart was first published on 1 October 1962, and covered the top ten singles of the previous week by record label shipments.

Netherlands

Netherlands

The Netherlands, informally Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands consists of twelve provinces; it borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, with a North Sea coastline to the north and west. It shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom, Germany and Belgium in the North Sea. The country's official language is Dutch, with West Frisian as a secondary official language in the province of Friesland. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised regional languages, while Dutch Sign Language, Sinte Romani and Yiddish are recognised non-territorial languages. Dutch, English and Papiamento are official in the Caribbean territories.

VG-lista

VG-lista

VG-lista is a Norwegian record chart. It is presented weekly in the newspaper VG. It is considered the primary Norwegian record chart, charting albums and singles from countries and continents around the world. The data are collected by Nielsen Soundscan International and are based on the sales in approximately 100 shops in Norway. The singles chart started as a top 10 chart in week 42 of 1958 and was expanded to a top 20 chart in week 5 of 1995, the same time the albums chart, which started as a top 20 chart in week 1 of 1967 was expanded to a top 40 chart.

Sweden

Sweden

Sweden, formally the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Nordic country in Scandinavia. It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge–tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest Nordic country, the third-largest country in the European Union, and the fifth-largest country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has a total population of 10.5 million, and a low population density of 25.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (66/sq mi), with around 87% of Swedes residing in urban areas in the central and southern half of the country.

Swiss Hitparade

Swiss Hitparade

The Swiss Hitparade is Switzerland's main music sales charts. The charts are a record of the highest-selling singles and albums in various genres in Switzerland.

Billboard Hot 100

Billboard Hot 100

The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Chart rankings are based on sales, radio play, and online streaming in the United States.

Dance Club Songs

Dance Club Songs

Dance Club Songs is a chart published weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. It is a national look over of club disc jockeys to determine the most popular songs being played in nightclubs across the country. It was launched as the Disco Action Top 30 chart on August 28, 1976, and became the first chart by Billboard to document the popularity of dance music. The first number-one song on the chart for the issue dated August 28, 1976, was "You Should Be Dancing" by the Bee Gees, spending five weeks atop the chart and the group's only number-one song on the chart.

1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)

1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)

1987 is the debut studio album by British electronic band The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu, later known as the KLF. 1987 was produced using extensive unauthorised samples that plagiarised a wide range of musical works, continuing a theme begun in the JAMs' debut single "All You Need Is Love". These samples provided a deliberately provocative backdrop for beatbox rhythms and cryptic, political raps.

Disco 2000 (band)

Disco 2000 (band)

Disco 2000 was a British pop band, a side project of The KLF. Vocals were handled by Cress, then-wife of KLF co-founder Jimmy Cauty, and "Mo". Between 1987 and 1989, Disco 2000 released three singles on the KLF Communications label, none of which entered the top 75 of the UK Singles Chart.

Down Town

Down Town

"Down Town" was a 1987 release by The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu. The song is gospel music driven by house music rhythms, incorporating a sample of Petula Clark's 1964 single "Downtown".

Remixes and production work

The following tracks were remixed by The KLF:

Year Original artist Song Remix
1990 Depeche Mode "Policy of Truth" "Trancentral Mix"
Pet Shop Boys "So Hard" "The KLF vs Pet Shop Boys"
"It Must Be Obvious" "UFO Mix"
1991 Moody Boys "What Is Dub?" "Kings of Low Frequency Dub Version"
"Dub Is What?"

In 1989, as The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu, the duo produced the Moody Boys' single "First National Rapper" and its B-side, "Funky Zulu".

Discover more about Remixes and production work related topics

Remix

Remix

A remix is a piece of media which has been altered or contorted from its original state by adding, removing, or changing pieces of the item. A song, piece of artwork, book, video, poem, or photograph can all be remixes. The only characteristic of a remix is that it appropriates and changes other materials to create something new.

The KLF

The KLF

The KLF are a British electronic band formed in London in 1987. Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty began by releasing hip hop-inspired and sample-heavy records as the JAMs. As the Timelords, they recorded the British number-one single "Doctorin' the Tardis", and documented the process of making a hit record in a book The Manual . As the KLF, Drummond and Cauty pioneered stadium house and, with their 1990 LP Chill Out, the ambient house genre. The KLF released a series of international hits on their own KLF Communications record label and became the biggest selling singles act in the world in 1991.

1990 in music

1990 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1990.

Depeche Mode

Depeche Mode

Depeche Mode are an English electronic music band formed in Basildon, Essex, in 1980. The band currently consists of Dave Gahan and Martin Gore.

Policy of Truth

Policy of Truth

"Policy of Truth" is a song by English electronic music band Depeche Mode, released on 7 May 1990 as the third single from their seventh studio album, Violator (1990). It is the only Depeche Mode single to chart higher on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart than on the UK Singles Chart, and it became the band's second chart-topper on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart.

Pet Shop Boys

Pet Shop Boys

The Pet Shop Boys are an English synth-pop duo formed in London in 1981. Consisting of primary vocalist Neil Tennant and keyboardist Chris Lowe, they have sold more than 50 million records worldwide, and were listed as the most successful duo in UK music history in the 1999 edition of The Guinness Book of Records.

So Hard

So Hard

"So Hard" is a song by English synth-pop duo Pet Shop Boys, released as the lead single from their fourth studio album, Behaviour (1990). The song is about "two people living together; they are totally unfaithful to each other but they both pretend they are faithful and then catch each other out". It peaked at No. 4 in the United Kingdom and reached the top three in at least seven European countries, including Finland, where it reached No. 1.

1991 in music

1991 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1991.

1989 in music

1989 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1989.

Record producer

Record producer

A record producer is a recording project's creative and technical leader, commanding studio time and coaching artists, and in popular genres typically creates the song's very sound and structure. The record producer, or simply the producer, is likened to film director and art director. The executive producer, on the other hand, enables the recording project through entrepreneurship, and an audio engineer operates the technology.

A-side and B-side

A-side and B-side

The A-side and B-side are the two sides of phonograph records and cassettes; these terms have often been printed on the labels of two-sided music recordings. The A-side usually features a recording that its artist, producer, or record company intends to be the initial focus of promotional efforts and radio airplay and hopefully become a hit record. The B-side is a secondary recording that typically receives less attention, although some B-sides have been as successful as, or more so than, their A-sides.

Compilation appearances

The following tracks and remixes were made available only on Various Artists compilation albums. Compilation appearances by tracks which were also released on an album or single are not included. Mixes for DJs and megamixes are also excluded.

Year Artist Song Compilation Album
1989 Discotec 2000 "Feel This" Eternity Project One
1990 The KLF "Build a Fire (Lenny Dee Remix)"[n 8] Energy - DJ's In The House
1991 The KLF "What Time Was Love"[n 9] Give Peace A Dance: A CND Compilation
1995 One World Orchestra "The Magnificent" The Help Album

Discover more about Compilation appearances related topics

Remix

Remix

A remix is a piece of media which has been altered or contorted from its original state by adding, removing, or changing pieces of the item. A song, piece of artwork, book, video, poem, or photograph can all be remixes. The only characteristic of a remix is that it appropriates and changes other materials to create something new.

Compilation album

Compilation album

A compilation album comprises tracks, which may be previously released or unreleased, usually from several separate recordings by either one or several performers. If by one artist, then generally the tracks were not originally intended for release together as a single work, but may be collected together as a greatest hits album or box set. If from several performers, there may be a theme, topic, time period, or genre which links the tracks, or they may have been intended for release as a single work—such as a tribute album. When the tracks are by the same recording artist, the album may be referred to as a retrospective album or an anthology.

Disc jockey

Disc jockey

A disc jockey, more commonly abbreviated as DJ, is a person who plays recorded music for an audience. Types of DJs include radio DJs, club DJs, mobile DJs, and turntablists. Originally, the "disc" in "disc jockey" referred to shellac and later vinyl records, but nowadays DJ is used as an all-encompassing term to also describe persons who mix music from other recording media such as cassettes, CDs or digital audio files on a CDJ, controller, or even a laptop. DJs may adopt the title "DJ" in front of their real names, adopted pseudonyms, or stage names.

Megamix

Megamix

A megamix is a remix containing multiple songs in rapid succession. It often features various artists. There may be only one verse or even just a brief chorus of each song used, sometimes in addition to samples of the same or other songs. It is common to use different samples to maintain and sometimes even ridicule the original. To unify the songs together smoothly, a single backing beat may be added as background throughout the megamix, although this is not a must. This backing beat is kept basic so as to simplify mixing and to not compete with the music. These mixes are usually several minutes long at minimum, going up to a half-hour or an hour, or even more sometimes.

1989 in music

1989 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1989.

Disco 2000 (band)

Disco 2000 (band)

Disco 2000 was a British pop band, a side project of The KLF. Vocals were handled by Cress, then-wife of KLF co-founder Jimmy Cauty, and "Mo". Between 1987 and 1989, Disco 2000 released three singles on the KLF Communications label, none of which entered the top 75 of the UK Singles Chart.

Eternity Project One

Eternity Project One

Eternity Project One was a 1989 British compilation released by Gee Street Records. It was compiled by Martin Glover aka Youth, under the pseudonym "Eternity". The album featured the first recorded material by The Orb as well as tracks by several acid house artists of the late 1980s. Many of the tracks include production from Bass, Rockman, and Eternity. Also featured is Robo-Bop, a joint venture between Jimmy Cauty and Kris Weston. The compilation was released on both CD and vinyl.

1990 in music

1990 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1990.

The KLF

The KLF

The KLF are a British electronic band formed in London in 1987. Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty began by releasing hip hop-inspired and sample-heavy records as the JAMs. As the Timelords, they recorded the British number-one single "Doctorin' the Tardis", and documented the process of making a hit record in a book The Manual . As the KLF, Drummond and Cauty pioneered stadium house and, with their 1990 LP Chill Out, the ambient house genre. The KLF released a series of international hits on their own KLF Communications record label and became the biggest selling singles act in the world in 1991.

1991 in music

1991 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1991.

1995 in music

1995 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1995.

The Help Album

The Help Album

The Help Album is a 1995 charity album to raise funds for the War Child charity, which provided aid to war-stricken areas, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. All the songs were recorded in a single day. The album features British and Irish artists including Paul McCartney, Paul Weller, Radiohead, Oasis, Blur and the Manic Street Preachers. It was followed by 1 Love (2002), Hope (2003), Help!: A Day in the Life (2005) and War Child Presents Heroes (2009).

Films

The KLF

All titles credited to The KLF and released on VHS video.

Year Title Notes
1990 Waiting KLF VT007. Ambient house film with an original soundtrack.
1991 The Stadium House Trilogy Picture Music International. Video performances of "3 a.m. Eternal", "Last Train to Trancentral", and "What Time Is Love?"; and a new instrumental piece, "This Is Not What The KLF Is About".
The Rites of Mu Promotional VHS only; KLF VT014. "Documentary" filmed on the island of Jura. Aired on MTV Europe, 24 June 1992.

K Foundation

The following K Foundation films have all had public screenings, but have not been released on any home video format.

Year Title Notes
1994 Watch the K Foundation Burn a Million Quid 55 minutes of footage showing the K Foundation (Cauty and Drummond) burning one million pounds. Premiered on 23 August 1995 on the island of Jura.
1995 Pissing in the Wind Footage of Drummond, Cauty and Mark Hawker urinating into the wind. Shot on 3 November 1995 and premiered at Glasgow University on the same day.
1997 This Brick 4 minutes of a still picture of a brick made from the ashes of the million pounds incinerated by the K Foundation. Premiered at the Barbican Hall, London on 17 September 1997.

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1990 in film

1990 in film

The year 1990 in film involved many significant events as shown below. Universal Pictures celebrated its 75th anniversary in 1990.

Ambient house

Ambient house

Ambient house is a downtempo subgenre of house music that first emerged in the late 1980s, combining elements of acid house and ambient music. The genre developed in chill-out rooms and specialist clubs as part of the UK's dance music scene. It was most prominently pioneered by the Orb and the KLF, along with artists such as Global Communication, Irresistible Force, Youth, and 808 State. The term was used vaguely, and eventually fell out of favor as more specific subgenres were recognized.

1991 in film

1991 in film

The year 1991 in film involved some significant events. Important films released this year included The Silence of the Lambs, Beauty and the Beast, Thelma & Louise, JFK and Terminator 2: Judgment Day.

Picture Music International

Picture Music International

PMI was a division of EMI that specialised in music video releases for EMI artists. Releases included videos from the Beatles, Kate Bush, Cliff Richard, Pet Shop Boys, Queen, Pink Floyd and Duran Duran, as well as Iron Maiden and Queensrÿche. It has been succeeded by Abbey Road Interactive.

Music video

Music video

A music video is a video of variable duration, that integrates a music song or a music album with imagery that is produced for promotional or musical artistic purposes. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a music marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings.

3 a.m. Eternal

3 a.m. Eternal

"3 a.m. Eternal" is a song by British acid house group the KLF. Numerous versions of the song were released as singles between 1989 and 1992. In January 1991, an acid house pop version of the song became an international top ten hit single, reaching number-one on the UK Singles Chart, number two on the UK Dance Singles Chart and number five on the US Billboard Hot 100, and leading to the KLF becoming the internationally biggest-selling singles band of 1991.

Last Train to Trancentral

Last Train to Trancentral

"Last Train to Trancentral" is a song released, in different mixes, as a series of singles by British electronic band The KLF, including "Last Train to Trancentral ". A commercially successful single of April 1991, it reached number two on the UK Singles Chart, number one on the UK Dance Singles Chart and achieved international top ten placings. It is a central song within The KLF's work, and is distinctive for an uplifting string-synthesiser break.

Jura, Scotland

Jura, Scotland

Jura is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, adjacent to and northeast of Islay. With an area of 36,692 hectares (142 sq mi), and 196 inhabitants recorded in the 2011 census, Jura is more sparsely populated than Islay, and is one of the least densely populated islands of Scotland: in a list of the islands of Scotland ranked by size, Jura comes eighth, whereas by population it comes 31st. The island is mountainous, bare and largely infertile, covered by extensive areas of blanket bog.

K Foundation

K Foundation

The K Foundation was an art foundation set up by Jimmy Cauty and Bill Drummond, formerly of The KLF, in 1993, following their 'retirement' from the music industry. The Foundation served as an artistic outlet for the duo's post-retirement KLF income. Between 1993 and 1995, they spent this money in a number of ways, including on a series of Situationist-inspired press adverts and extravagant subversions in the art world, focusing in particular on the Turner Prize. Most notoriously, when their plans to use banknotes as part of a work of art fell through, they burned a million pounds in cash.

1994 in film

1994 in film

This is a list of films released in 1994. The top worldwide grosser was The Lion King, becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all-time, although it was slightly overtaken at the North American domestic box office by Forrest Gump, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Pound sterling

Pound sterling

Sterling is the currency of the United Kingdom and nine of its associated territories. The pound is the main unit of sterling, and the word "pound" is also used to refer to the British currency generally, often qualified in international contexts as the British pound or the pound sterling.

1995 in film

1995 in film

This is a list of films released in 1995. The highly anticipated sequel Die Hard with a Vengeance was the year's biggest box-office hit, and Braveheart won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Books

Year Authors Title Publisher ISBN
1988 Jimmy Cauty
Bill Drummond
The Manual (How to Have a Number One the Easy Way) KLF Publications ISBN 0-86359-616-9
2017 Jimmy Cauty
Bill Drummond
2023: A Trilogy Faber & Faber ISBN 9780571342242

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Unreleased

The following KLF projects were announced but not released. Some of these, but by no means all, circulate as bootleg recordings/videos; some may not have been recorded at all.[n 10]

Year Format Project Notes
1988 Flexidisc "Deep Shit (Part 1)" Given catalogue number DS 1. KLF Communications Information Sheet 8 (1990) claimed that 500 copies had been pressed but had "never been deemed safe to release".[3]
Graphic novel "Deep Shit (The Further Adventures Of The Justified Ancients Of Mu Mu)" A comic book or graphic novel drawn by Cauty (with words by Drummond) was mentioned in NME and The Face and various KLF Information Sheets.[29][30][31]
Single "Love Trance" ["Pure Trance 3"] KLF 006. Sleeves and labels printed.
Single "Turn Up the Strobe" ["Pure Trance 4"] KLF 007. Sleeves printed.
Single "E-Train To Trancentral" ["Pure Trance 5"] KLF 008. Sleeves and labels printed.
Single "The Lovers' Side" ["Pure Trance 5"] This song also featured on the unreleased version of the album The White Room (see below).
1989 Single "Deep Shit (Part 3)" KLF 010R. Reportedly, 6 copies were pressed.[3]
Album The White Room - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack JAMS LP4. Very different from the White Room album eventually released, this widely bootlegged recording was scrapped after the commercial failure of the single "Kylie Said to Jason".[3]
Film The White Room KLF VT006. The KLF's road movie. A rough version was completed in 1989, before The KLF decided to film an "Outer Film" to augment it.[3] This was never completed. The "Inner Film" has been screened privately, and bootleg copies of it circulate.
1991 single "America: What Time Is January?" KLF 92 PROMO 2. Unreleased remix of "America: What Time Is Love?" Small amounts of single sided promos were pressed on black and clear vinyl.[32][33]
1992 Album The Black Room The KLF started work on a final album, but it remains unfinished and unissued.[34]

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The KLF

The KLF

The KLF are a British electronic band formed in London in 1987. Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty began by releasing hip hop-inspired and sample-heavy records as the JAMs. As the Timelords, they recorded the British number-one single "Doctorin' the Tardis", and documented the process of making a hit record in a book The Manual . As the KLF, Drummond and Cauty pioneered stadium house and, with their 1990 LP Chill Out, the ambient house genre. The KLF released a series of international hits on their own KLF Communications record label and became the biggest selling singles act in the world in 1991.

Bootleg recording

Bootleg recording

A bootleg recording is an audio or video recording of a performance not officially released by the artist or under other legal authority. Making and distributing such recordings is known as bootlegging. Recordings may be copied and traded among fans without financial exchange, but some bootleggers have sold recordings for profit, sometimes by adding professional-quality sound engineering and packaging to the raw material. Bootlegs usually consist of unreleased studio recordings, live performances or interviews without the quality control of official releases.

The Face (magazine)

The Face (magazine)

The Face is a British music, fashion, and culture monthly magazine originally published from 1980 to 2004, and relaunched in 2019.

The White Room (KLF album)

The White Room (KLF album)

The White Room is the fourth and final studio album by British electronic music group The KLF, released on 3 March 1991. The album features versions of the band's hit singles, including "What Time Is Love?", "3 a.m. Eternal", and "Last Train to Trancentral".

Kylie Said to Jason

Kylie Said to Jason

"Kylie Said to Jason" was a 1989 single by The KLF, referring to Kylie Minogue and Jason Donovan, then stars in the popular Australian TV soap opera Neighbours. Designed for chart success, the single nonetheless failed to enter the UK top 100.

Road movie

Road movie

A road movie is a film genre in which the main characters leave home on a road trip, typically altering the perspective from their everyday lives. Road movies often depict travel in the hinterlands, with the films exploring the theme of alienation and examining the tensions and issues of the cultural identity of a nation or historical period; this is all often enmeshed in a mood of actual or potential menace, lawlessness, and violence, a "distinctly existential air" and is populated by restless, "frustrated, often desperate characters". The setting includes not just the close confines of the car as it moves on highways and roads, but also booths in diners and rooms in roadside motels, all of which helps to create intimacy and tension between the characters. Road movies tend to focus on the theme of masculinity, some type of rebellion, car culture, and self-discovery. The core theme of road movies is "rebellion against conservative social norms".

The Black Room (KLF album)

The Black Room (KLF album)

The Black Room is a never-completed album by The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu, intended to be the follow-up to their KLF album The White Room.

Source: "The KLF discography", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_KLF_discography.

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Notes
  1. ^ The KLF's complete discography is complex, and it contains many variants and obscure items of interest only to collectors. Limited edition and white label remix singles bearing the same basic catalogue numbers and no new songs (such as KLF 004Y, the Moody Boys and Echo & the Bunnymen remixes of "What Time Is Love? (Live At Trancentral)"); bootlegs; and overseas releases which offer no additional material to the definitive KLF Communications UK catalogue are all outside the scope of this article. Readers interested in collecting KLF Communications releases should refer to Lazlo's KLF discography (Longmire, Ernie; et al. (2020) [1998]. "Discography: The KLF (including The JAMS, The Timelords, 2K etc.)". Archived from the original on 29 February 2020.) which is the main source from which this article has been compiled.
  2. ^ According to the label of "Burn The Bastards", "this is a transition record" between The JAMs and The KLF.[23]
  3. ^ "Burn the Beat" was the name of an instrumental remix of "Burn the Bastards" and also the name of a separate single containing remixes of the song. The singles are credited to The KLF, but the original recording is taken from the Justified Ancients of Mu Mu album Who Killed The JAMs?. For more information see Burn the Bastards.
  4. ^ Pure Trance 3 ("Love Trance"), 4 ("Turn Up the Strobe"), and the original Pure Trance 5 ("E-Train to Trancentral") were not released, although sleeves and labels were printed. "E-Train to Trancentral" and "Last Train to Trancentral (Pure Trance Original)" may be alternate names for the same recording.
  5. ^ The last single by The KLF to be sold through normal retail channels.
  6. ^ Limited edition, mail order-only release.
  7. ^ Released as a limited edition single in Israel and Palestine in November 1993.
  8. ^ A remix of a track from the original The White Room album.
  9. ^ A short re-modelling of What Time Is Love? that bears little relation to the original track; in the words of Peter Robinson, an "explosion, followed by 99 seconds of post-nuclear rumbling".[28]
  10. ^ The following unreleased singles are not listed: "Make It Rain" and "No More Tears", which feature on The White Room. "Go To Sleep" was never scheduled, and featured on the scrapped White Room album. The "Club Mix" of "Madrugada Eterna" was released on a very limited edition white label; alternate mixes were released on Chill Out and "Kylie Said to Jason". The club mix of "It's Grim Up North" (promo only). The Pure Trance LP is excluded because of insufficient sources; it was likely either disc 2 of Shag Times (sometimes called Towards the Trance) or a compilation of the not-completed "Pure Trance" series of singles.
References
  1. ^ See the Library of Mu: list of "singles of the week". Retrieved 31 May 2006. Archived 10 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine A browsable list of reviews is archived
  2. ^ Shaw, William (July 1992). "Who Killed The KLF". Select. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 11 October 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/315
  3. ^ a b c d e "The White Room - Information Sheet Eight". KLF Communications. August 1990. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 5 October 2007.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/508
  4. ^ Bush, John. KLF at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Timelords gentlemen, please!". NME. 16 May 1992. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 11 October 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/309
  6. ^ a b UK chart peaks:
  7. ^ a b c UK Indie chart peaks:
  8. ^ a b ARIA chart data cited in: Butler, Ben. "Interview: The KLF's James Cauty". Rocknerd.org. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  9. ^ a b Australian (ARIA Chart) peaks:
  10. ^ a b "Austrian chart data for The KLF". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  11. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40, Hidossier 1939 - 1994
  12. ^ a b "Swedish chart data for The KLF". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Swiss chart data for The KLF". swisscharts.com. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  14. ^ "The KLF > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums". Allmusic. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  15. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1991 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  16. ^ Rice, J. & Roberts, D. (2000). Guinness Book of British Hit Singles (13th Ed.). London: Guinness Publishing.
  17. ^ Irish Single Chart Irishcharts.ie (Retrieved 10 April 2008)
  18. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40, Hitdossier 1939 - 1994
  19. ^ "Norwegian chart data for The KLF". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  20. ^ "Swedish chart data for 2K". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  21. ^ "Swiss chart data for The JAMs". swisscharts.com. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  22. ^ a b "The KLF > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  23. ^ Burn the Bastards (Media notes). The KLF. KLF Communications. 1988. KLF 002T.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  24. ^ a b "BPI > Certified Awards > Search results for 'KLF' (from bpi.co.uk)". Imgur.com (original source published by British Phonographic Industry). Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  25. ^ a b "1991 ARIA Singles Chart". ARIA. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Gold and Platinum search results: The KLF". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  27. ^ "The ARIA Chart – Best of 1992". Imgur.com (original document published by ARIA). Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  28. ^ Robinson, Peter (5 January 2017). "The KLF are back (sort of) – and it's exactly what 2017 needs". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  29. ^ "JAMs go down under". New Musical Express. 29 July 1989.
  30. ^ "A Load of Pollocks?". The Face. April 1991. pp. 52–57.
  31. ^ Drummond, Bill; Cauty, Jimmy (August 1989). "KLF Info Sheet 4". KLF Communications. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 5 October 2007.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/505
  32. ^ "The KLF – America: What Time Is January?". Discogs. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  33. ^ "The KLF – America: What Time Is January?". Discogs. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  34. ^ Drummond, Bill; Manning, Mark (1996). Bad Wisdom. London: Penguin Books. p. 206. ISBN 978-0140261189.
Further reading
  • "The KLF: Enigmatic dance duo" (feature and discography up to that time), Record Collector Magazine, April 1991.
External links

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