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The Honourable

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The Honourable (British English) or The Honorable (American English; see spelling differences) (abbreviation: Hon., Hon'ble, or variations) is an honorific style that is used as a prefix before the names or titles of certain people, usually with official governmental or diplomatic positions.

Discover more about The Honourable related topics

British English

British English

British English is, according to Oxford Dictionaries, "English as used in Great Britain, as distinct from that used elsewhere". More narrowly, it can refer specifically to the English language in England, or, more broadly, to the collective dialects of English throughout the British Isles taken as a single umbrella variety, for instance additionally incorporating Scottish English, Welsh English, and Northern Irish English. Tom McArthur in the Oxford Guide to World English acknowledges that British English shares "all the ambiguities and tensions [with] the word 'British' and as a result can be used and interpreted in two ways, more broadly or more narrowly, within a range of blurring and ambiguity".

American English

American English

American English, sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. English is the most widely spoken language in the United States and in most circumstances is the de facto common language used in government, education and commerce. Since the 20th century, American English has become the most influential form of English worldwide.



An honorific is a title that conveys esteem, courtesy, or respect for position or rank when used in addressing or referring to a person. Sometimes, the term "honorific" is used in a more specific sense to refer to an honorary academic title. It is also often conflated with systems of honorific speech in linguistics, which are grammatical or morphological ways of encoding the relative social status of speakers. Honorifics can be used as prefixes or suffixes depending on the appropriate occasion and presentation in accordance with style and customs.

Use by governments

International diplomacy

In international diplomatic relations, representatives of foreign states are often styled as The Honourable. Deputy chiefs of mission, chargés d'affaires, consuls-general and consuls are always given the style. All heads of consular posts, whether they are honorary or career postholders, are accorded the style according to the State Department of the United States.[1] However, the style Excellency instead of The Honourable is used for ambassadors and high commissioners.


The Congo

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the prefix 'Honourable' or 'Hon.' is used for members of both chambers of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Informally, senators are sometimes given the higher style of 'Venerable'.


The style of Honourable is accorded members of parliament in Ghana. It is also extended to certain grades of Royal Orders awarded by Ghana's sub-national Kingdoms.


The style Honourable is used to address members of the Kenyan parliament. Traditionally, members of Parliament are not allowed to call each other by name in the chambers, but rather use the terms "Honourable colleague" or "Honorable Member for ...".[2] The written form is Hon. [Last Name], [First Name] or Honourable [Last Name] or Honourable [Position] (e.g. Honourable Speaker).


Recipients of the rank of Grand Officer or above of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean and persons knighted by Queen Elizabeth II are automatically entitled to prefix The Hon, Hons or The Honourable to their name. Commanders and Officers may request permission from the President to use this prefix. Recipients of the order who are not Mauritian citizens may not use the prefix or post-nominals unless granted permission by the President.

South Africa

All members of the South African parliament and the nine provincial legislatures are entitled to this prefix.

East Asia

South Korea

In South Korea, the prefix The Honourable is used for the following people:

  • Ministrial Members of Cabinet of Korea
  • Leaders and Floor Leaders of Parties and Members of Shadow Cabinet.
  • Governors and Ministrial members of Provinces
  • Mayors of Metropolitan Cities
  • Judges at Supreme Court of Korea and Chief Justices of Provincial Level Courts.


Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, the prefix The Honourable is used for the following people:


In Macau, the prefix The Honourable is used occasionally for the following people:



A rough equivalent of the style Honourable would be Hochwohlgeboren 'high well-born', which was used until 1918 for all members of noble families not having any higher style. Its application to bourgeois dignitaries became common in the 19th century, though it has faded since and was always of doubtful correctness.

Ehrwürdig or Ehrwürden, the literal translation of 'honourable', is used for Catholic clergy and religious—with the exceptions of priests and abbesses, who are Hochwürden 'reverend'. A subdeacon is Wohlehrwürden 'very honourable'; a deacon is Hochehrwürden 'right honourable'.


In Ireland, all judges of the High Court, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court are referred to as The Honourable Mr/Ms Justice.[3]


In Italy, the style The Honourable (Italian: Onorevole) is customarily used to refer to a member of the Chamber of Deputies or Senate of the Republic. Former members of parliament can maintain the style.[4]


All members of the unicameral Parliament of Malta are entitled to this prefix.

The Netherlands

An extensive system of honorifics used to be in place in the Netherlands. In a more formal setting it still is. De weledele heer/vrouwe 'the honourable lord/lady' is used for the genteel bourgeoisie. The middle classes are instead addressed with De heer/mevrouw 'sir/madam', which is the equivalent of Mr/Ms in English.

Also typical is the use of De weledelgeboren heer/vrouwe 'the well-born lord/lady', for students at universities, traditionally children of the genteel bourgeoisie.

The system adds honorifics based on prestige for military officers based on rank, barristers, prosecutors, judges, members of parliament, government ministers, nobles, clergy, and for academic degrees of master's and above.

In the Dutch language, Mr is a formal and academic title, for both men and women, protected by Dutch law. It stands for Meester 'master', and is strictly reserved for holders of a master's degree in law (LL.M.) who are qualified to practice law. Holders are addressed as De weledelgestrenge heer/vrouwe Mr 'the honourable strict lord/lady master', followed by their name.


In the Spanish Autonomous Community of Catalonia the word Honorable (Catalan: Honorable) is used for current and former members of the cabinet (consellers) of the President of the Catalan Government (Generalitat de Catalunya). Former and current Heads of Government or President of the Generalitat are given the name of Molt Honorable ("Very Honorable"). This also applies to former and current heads of government of the Autonomous Communities of Valencia and Balearic Islands.[5]

United Kingdom


In the United Kingdom, all sons and daughters of viscounts and barons[6] (including the holders of life peerages) and the younger sons of earls are styled with this prefix. (The daughters and younger sons of dukes and marquesses and the daughters of earls have the higher style of Lord or Lady before their first names, and the eldest sons of dukes, marquesses and earls are known by one of their father's or mother's subsidiary titles.) The style is only a courtesy, however, and on legal documents they may be described as, for instance, John Smith, Esq., commonly called The Honourable John Smith. As the wives of sons of peers share the styles of their husbands, the wives of the sons of viscounts and barons and the younger sons of earls are styled, for example, The Hon. Mrs John Smith. Likewise, the married daughters of viscounts and barons, whose husbands hold no higher title or dignity, are styled, for example, The Hon. Mrs Smith.

In 1912, King George V granted maids of honour (royal attendants) the style of the honourable for life, with precedence next after daughters of barons.[7]

The honourable is also customarily used as a form of address for most foreign nobility that is not formally recognised by the sovereign (e.g. ambassadors) when in the UK.

Some people are entitled to the prefix by virtue of their offices. Rules exist that allow certain individuals to keep the prefix The Honourable even after retirement.

Several corporate entities have been awarded the style by royal warrant, for example:


The style The Honourable is usually used in addressing envelopes (where it is usually abbreviated to The Hon.) and formally elsewhere, in which case Mr or Esquire are omitted. In speech, however, The Honourable John Smith is usually referred to simply as Mr John Smith.

In the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, as in other traditionally lower houses of Parliament and other legislatures, members must as a minimum refer to each other as the honourable member or my honourable friend out of courtesy, but they are not entitled to the style in writing. Members who are 'senior' barristers may be called the honourable and learnèd member, serving or ex-serving members of the military the honourable and gallant member, and ordained clergy in the House the honourable and reverend member; a practice which the Modernisation Committee recommended abolished,[8] but which use has continued.[9] When anyone is entitled to be styled Right Honourable this is used instead of honourable.

In the Falkland Islands, the style the honourable is given to any serving or former members of the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council.

In the Isle of Man, the style the honourable (often abbreviated to Hon.) is used to refer to a minister while holding office.

North America


In Canada, while not always enshrined in legislation, some people are commonly referred to as The Honourable (French: l'honorable). Those who have the honorific for life include:[10][11][12]

People who have the honorific only while in office include:[10][12]

Derivatives include:

  • The Honourable Mr/Madam Justice — justices of federal courts, provincial appellate and superior courts.
  • The Honourable Judge — judges of provincial courts and formerly judges of district or county courts.[13]

In all cases, the governor general of Canada may grant permission to retain the style after they cease to hold office. Persons eligible to retain the style include the speaker of the House of Commons (who may already be eligible as a privy councillor), territorial commissioners, and judges of certain courts (e.g., the Supreme Court of Canada). The most recent former justice granted such privileges was Frank Iacobucci.

It is usual for speakers of the House of Commons to be made privy councillors, in which case they keep the style for life. By custom, the leader of the Official Opposition is appointed to the Privy Council, granting them the style (being the only non-government MP accorded such privilege). In the past, certain provincial premiers (e.g., Peter Lougheed, Bill Davis, Joey Smallwood and Tommy Douglas) were elevated to the Privy Council and gained the style, but such practice is rare.

Members of the House of Commons of Canada and of provincial legislatures refer to each other during proceedings of the house with the courtesy style "honourable member" (or l'honorable député), but their name is not otherwise prefixed with the Honourable (unless they are privy councillors or executive councillors).[14]

Current and former governors general, prime ministers, chief justices and certain other eminent persons use the style of Right Honourable for life (or le/la très honorable in French). This was originally subject to being summoned to the British Privy Council. Several early prime ministers were not summoned to the British Privy Council, and hence were styled The Honourable: Alexander Mackenzie, Sir John Abbott and Sir Mackenzie Bowell.

Members of the Executive Council of Quebec have not used the style The Honourable since 1968 but retain the ability to do so, and are often accorded the honorific in media and by the federal government.

The Caribbean


Members of the Order of the Caribbean Community are entitled to be styled The Honourable for life.[15]


In Barbados, members of the Parliament carry two main titles: members of the House of Assembly are styled The Honourable, while members of the Senate are styled "Senator". Companions of Honour of the former Order of Barbados from the pre-republic era of Barbados, as well Members of the current Order of the Republic, are accorded the style The Honourable.


In Jamaica, those awarded the Order of Jamaica (considered Jamaica's equivalent to a British knighthood) and those awarded the Order of Merit are styled Honourable.

Trinidad and Tobago

In Trinidad and Tobago The Prime Minister, government ministers, the leader of the opposition and ministers within government ministries (junior ministers) are styled as The Honourable, senators serving as ministers are styled as Senator The Honourable, ministers with doctorates are styled as The Honourable Dr. or Dr. the Honourable (rare).

United States

In the United States, the prefix the Honorable has been used to formally address various officials at the federal and state levels, but it is most commonly used for the President-elect, governors, judges, and members of Congress when formally addressing them.[16] The style may be conferred pursuant to federal government service, according to federal rules, or by state government service, where the rules may be different. Modifiers such as the Right Honorable or the Most Honorable are not used. The 't' in 'the' is not capitalized in the middle of a sentence.[17]

Under the rules of etiquette, the President, Vice President, members of both houses of Congress, governors of states, members of state legislatures, and mayors are accorded the title.[18] Persons appointed to office nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate are accorded the title; this rule includes members of the Cabinet and sub-Cabinet (such as deputies and undersecretaries),[18][19] administrators, members, and commissioners of the various independent agencies, councils, commissions, and boards,[19] federal judges, ambassadors of the United States,[20] U.S. Attorneys,[21] U.S. Marshals,[22] the Architect of the Capitol, the Librarian of Congress and Public Printer of the United States,[19] and presidentially appointed inspectors general.[23]

High state officials other than governor, such as lieutenant governor[24] and state attorneys general[25] are also accorded the style Honorable. State court judges and justices of the peace, like federal judges, also are accorded the style Honorable.[26] Practices vary on whether appointed state official, such as the heads of state cabinet-level departments are given the title.[18][17] There is also no universal rule for whether county or city officials other than the mayor (such as city council, board of aldermen, board of selectmen, planning and zoning commission, and code enforcement board members, or city manager or police chief or fire chief) are given the title; as these may be different state by state.[27]

Members of the White House staff at the rank of special assistant, deputy assistant, assistant to the president, and Counselor to the President are accorded the title. Officials nominated to high office but not yet confirmed (e.g., commissioner-designate) and interim or acting officials are generally not accorded the style Honorable, except for cabinet-level officials.[16]

Opinions vary on whether the term the Honorable is accorded for life.[18] According to the protocols of the U.S. Department of State, all persons who have been in a position that entitled them to The Honorable continue to retain that honorific style for life.[28] However, the State Department is not an authority on state and local officials such as mayors, members of state legislatures, and high state officials. The prefix is not used for people who have died.[17][29][30]

Some estimate that in the United States there are nearly 100,000 people who are accorded the "Honorable" title, many in the Washington, D.C. region.[18] Civilian officials, including service secretaries (e.g., Secretary of the Army) of the Pentagon receive the title.[19]

The style The Honorable is used on envelopes when referring to an individual in the third person. It is never properly used to refer to oneself.[17]

A spouse of someone with the style of The Honorable receives no additional style.



In Australia, the style is allowed to be used by past and present:[31][32]

  • Governors-General and Governors
  • Members of the Federal Executive Council
  • Premiers and ministers in all states
  • Presiding officers of federal and state parliaments (except ACT Legislative Assembly speakers)
  • Members of all state legislative councils except in Victoria
  • Chief ministers and ministers in the Northern Territory
  • Leaders of the Opposition in Tasmania
  • High Court Justices
  • Federal Court Justices
  • Family Court of Australia Justices
  • Justices of the supreme court in states and territories.

The abbreviation in Australia is 'The Hon' (without a full stop).[31]


In May 2013, the title was given approval by Queen Elizabeth II to be granted to past, present, and future Governors-General of Australia,[33] to be used in the form His or Her Excellency the Honourable while holding office, and The Honourable in retirement.

By December 2014, the practice of appointing the vice-regal office holder, as well as former living, the style The Honourable for life had also been adopted for the state governors of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania (where it did not apply to past governors), as well as the Administrator of the Northern Territory.

Government ministers

In Australia, all ministers in Commonwealth and state governments and the government of the Northern Territory are entitled to be styled the Honourable. The Australian Capital Territory does not have an executive council and so its ministers are not entitled to the style. In Victoria, the style is granted for life, so it is customary for former ministers to retain the style after leaving office.[34][35] In New South Wales, Queensland,[36] South Australia and Tasmania the premiers can advise the King of Australia to grant former ministers the style for life. In the Northern Territory, the chief minister can request the administrator to make a recommendation to the governor-general who in turn makes a recommendation to the King. A minimum five years' service as a member of the executive council and/or as a presiding officer is a prerequisite. In Western Australia, conditional on royal assent, the style may become permanent after three years' service in the ministry.[37] All such awards are published in the Commonwealth Government Gazette. The presiding officers of the parliaments of the Commonwealth, the states and the Northern Territory are also styled the Honourable, but normally only during their tenure of office. Special permission is sometimes given for a former presiding officer to retain the style after leaving office, as is the case in the Northern Territory.

Members of Parliament

The title Honourable is not acquired through membership of either the House of Representatives or the Senate (see Parliament of Australia). A member or senator may have the style if they have acquired it separately, e.g. by being a current or former minister. During proceedings within the chambers, forms such as "the honourable member for ...", "the honourable Leader of the Opposition", or "my honourable colleague" are used. This is a parliamentary courtesy and does not imply any right to the style.

Traditionally, members of the legislative councils of the states have been styled the Honourable for the duration of their terms. That practice is still followed in New South Wales, Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania. In Victoria, the practice was abolished in 2003. In New South Wales, Greens NSW members of the Legislative Council, who are eligible for the Honourable style, have refrained from using it, deeming it to be "outdated" and a "colonial trapping".[38]


Judges of all superior courts are also referred to formally by the style the Honourable, both during and after holding the office.

New Zealand

The style The Honourable was first granted in 1854 for use by members of the Executive Council, the Speaker of the Legislative Council, the Members of the Legislative Council, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.[39]

In addition to the standard Commonwealth usage, the Speaker of the House of Representatives was entitled to be referred to as The Honourable until 2010, when it was announced that sitting and future Governors-General, Prime Ministers, Chief Justices, and Speakers of the House of Representatives would be entitled to be referred to as The Right Honourable.[40]

In July 2006 the Governor-General (and former living Governors-General) were granted the use of the title The Honourable[41][42] until 2010 when the Governors-General was granted the title Right Honourable if they did not hold the style already or were a Privy Counsellor.[43]

New Zealand office holders who are The Honourable ex-officio are usually granted the style for life by the Governor-General as a courtesy when they vacate the office;[44] all honours and awards are published in The New Zealand Gazette.

South Asia


In People's Republic of Bangladesh, House Speaker, Ministers, Members of parliaments and Mayors are entitled to the style Honourable. On the other hand, the Prime Minister and the President are styled Honourable or Excellency.[45][46]


In India, judges of the High Courts of India and Supreme Court of India are addressed as Honourable (Hon'ble);[47] often stylized and abbreviated as "HMJ", i.e., Honourable Mr/Ms. Justice, followed by their name. The elected legislators and Heads of Government are also formally called Honourable followed by their name. The vice president is addressed as the hon'ble as well.


In Pakistan, the judicial officers are addressed as honourable while presiding over in the courts of law. It is a norm to address judges of superior judiciary as honourable judges. Diplomats are addressed as Your Excellency. The head of state and Prime Minister is addressed her/his excellency.

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, the honorific The Honourable is used to refer to the President, Prime Minister, Ministers, and Members of Parliament. Attorney-General and Solicitor-General as well as Judges of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the High Courts.[48]

Southeast Asia


In Malaysia, an elected Member of Parliament or State Legislative Assemblyman is entitled to be referred to as Yang Berhormat, which translates to 'the honourable'.


In Myanmar, the Chief Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court of Myanmar are referred as 'The Honourable'.[49]


In the Philippines, the style is usually used to give distinction to any elected official (whether in office or retired) ranging from the smallest political unit, the barangay, to the Congress of the Philippines, which consists of the Senate and House of Representatives.[50] Appointed officials such as members of the Cabinet (secretaries, acting secretaries, ad interim secretaries, undersecretaries, and assistant secretaries), the Solicitor General, and heads of government agencies at the national and local levels are also accorded this style.[51] For example, a kagawad (barangay or village council member) named Juan de la Cruz will be referred to as The Honorable Juan de la Cruz. In written form, the style may be shortened to "Hon." (e.g. Hon. Juan de la Cruz).

The Vice-President, Chief Justice, Ombudsman, Justices of the Supreme Court, Sandiganbayan, and Court of Appeals, and Trial Court Judges are also addressed in this honorific style.[50] Meanwhile, the President of the Philippines is always given the style His/Her Excellency.[50]


The Chief Justice, Judges of Appeal, and Justices of the Supreme Court,[52] and the Presiding Judge and District Judges of the State Courts[53] are conventionally addressed in formal settings using the honorific The Honourable.

All former Prime Ministers and current Members of the Singapore Parliament is formally addressed in international settings using the honorific The Honourable.

The use of the honorific The Honourable to refer to the Prime Minister, Ministers, and Members of Parliament is not required by the Standing Orders of Parliament,[54] but during a 1988 parliamentary debate the Leader of the House, Wong Kan Seng, said it would be polite for MPs to refer to their colleagues using the terms "Mr.", "Honourable Mr." or "Honourable Minister" depending on their choice.[55]

The honorific is usually also used to address the Attorney-General and Solicitors-General, and the heads of states and leaders of foreign countries on short-term visits to Singapore.[56]

Discover more about Use by governments related topics



Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy. Once entitled to the title "Excellency", the holder usually retains the right to that courtesy throughout their lifetime, although in some cases the title is attached to a particular office, and is held only for the duration of that office.

High commissioner

High commissioner

High commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), also known as Congo-Kinshasa and formerly known as Zaire, is a country in Central Africa bordered to the west by the South Atlantic Ocean. By land area, the DRC is the second-largest country in Africa and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of around 112 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most populous officially Francophone country in the world. The national capital and largest city is Kinshasa, which is also the nation's economic center. The country is bordered by the Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, and the Cabinda exclave of Angola.

Parliament of Ghana

Parliament of Ghana

The Parliament of Ghana is the legislative body of the Government of Ghana.



Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It abuts the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean to the south, sharing borders with Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, and Togo in the east. Ghana covers an area of 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi), spanning diverse biomes that range from coastal savannas to tropical rainforests. With over 32 million inhabitants, Ghana is the second-most populous country in West Africa, after Nigeria. The capital and largest city is Accra; other major cities are Kumasi, Tamale, and Sekondi-Takoradi.

Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean

Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean

The Most Distinguished Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean is the highest distinct order of merit in the honours system of Mauritius established under the National Awards Act 1993. It was founded in 1992 to decorate people who have made a contribution to social progress in the nations of the Indian Ocean. It may be awarded to non-Mauritian citizens.

Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime and was head of state of 15 realms at the time of her death. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days was the longest of any British monarch and the longest verified reign of any female monarch in history.

Chief Executive of Hong Kong

Chief Executive of Hong Kong

The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong. The position was created to replace the office of governor of Hong Kong, the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom during British rule. The office, stipulated by the Hong Kong Basic Law, formally came into being on 1 July 1997 with the handover of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China.

Legislative Council of Hong Kong

Legislative Council of Hong Kong

The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (LegCo) is the unicameral legislature of Hong Kong. It sits under China's "one country, two systems" constitutional arrangement, and is the power centre of Hong Kong's hybrid representative democracy, though popular representation in the legislature has diminished significantly in recent years, along with its political diversity.

Executive Council of Hong Kong

Executive Council of Hong Kong

The Executive Council of Hong Kong (ExCo) is the cabinet of the Government of Hong Kong, acting as a formal body of advisers to the Chief Executive of Hong Kong that serves as a core policy-making organ assisting the Chief Executive. It is analogous to other Executive Councils in the Commonwealth such as the Federal Executive Council of Australia, the Executive Council of New Zealand, and the Privy Council of the United Kingdom.

Chief Secretary for Administration

Chief Secretary for Administration

The Chief Secretary for Administration, commonly known as the Chief Secretary of Hong Kong, is the most senior principal official of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The Chief Secretary is head of the Government Secretariat which oversees the administration of the Region to which all other ministers belong, and is accountable for his or her policies and actions to the Chief Executive and to the Legislative Council. Under Article 53 of the Basic Law, the position is known as "Administrative Secretary". As the second highest ranking public official in Hong Kong, the Chief Secretary acts as Acting Chief Executive when the Chief Executive is absent.

Financial Secretary (Hong Kong)

Financial Secretary (Hong Kong)

The Financial Secretary is the title held by the Hong Kong government minister who is responsible for all economic and financial matters. The position is among the three most senior Principal Officials of the Government, second only to the Chief Secretary in the order of precedence. Together with other secretaries, the Financial Secretary is accountable to the Legislative Council and the Chief Executive for his actions in supervising the formulation and implementation of financial and economic policies.

Non-governmental use

Private, non-profit, and non-governmental (NGO) organisations, and religious movements sometimes style a leader or founder as The Honourable, e.g. The Honourable Elijah Muhammad.

Source: "The Honourable", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 21st),

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See also
  1. ^ This is referenced in the Los Angeles Country Protocol Register: "Following the practice of the U.S. Department of State Office of Protocol, all heads of post are accorded the courtesy style of 'The Honorable' before their names." Archived 16 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine Los Angeles has the highest density of consulates and consulates-general of any city in the world. Furthermore, for example, Archived 22 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine or Archived 22 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine An authoritative source can be found at Archived 16 February 2022 at the Wayback Machine where the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs lists all Honorary Consuls with the style of The Hon.
  2. ^ "Glossary of Terms". Parliament of Kenya. Archived from the original on 1 March 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  3. ^ "The Judges | the Courts Service of Ireland". Archived from the original on 16 September 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  4. ^ For a case of a former parliamentarian who was called, in an institutional hearing, "honorable" or "senator" (and even "president", a position he had held much earlier in his life), see Commissione stragi, X legislatura, Seduta n. 74 del 21 febbraio 1991, pp. 4-144 Archived 8 February 2021 at the Wayback Machine, in Archivio storico del Senato, ASSR, Terrorismo e stragi (X-XIII leg.), 1.74.
  5. ^ "Llista de tractaments protocol·laris [in catalan]". Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  6. ^ "The Honourable – style or title". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2022. (...) The Heralds' College officially reported on the petition on October 31, 1835, stating (...) that "the style of 'The Honourable' is given to the Judges and to the Barons of the Exchequer, with others; because, by the Decree of the tenth of King James the First, for settling the place and precedency of the Baronets, the Judges, and Barons of the Exchequer, were declared to have place and precedence before the younger sons of Viscounts and Barons."
    (...) The analogy held only in so far as both styles were applicable to those who belonged to the less exalted ranks of the titled classes, for the title "honourable" was not definitely confined to certain classes until later.
    The terms honorabilis and honorabilitas were in use in the Middle Ages as a form of politeness rather than as a specific title. More than two centuries later John Selden, in his Titles of Honor (1614), does not include "honourable" among the courtesy titles given to the children of peers.
    The style was, in fact, used extremely loosely until well on into the 18th century.
    (...) British baronets, for instance, claimed that they had been styled "the honourable" until the end of the 18th century, and in 1835 they petitioned for the style as a prefix to their names. The Heralds' College officially reported on the petition on October 31, 1835, stating that the presented evidence did not prove the right of baronets to the style and that its use "has been no more warranted by authority than when the same style has been applied to Field Officers in the Army and others.".
    (...) It is not, indeed, until 1874 that there is any clear evidence of an authoritative limitation of the title. In this year the wives of Lords of Appeal were granted style and precedence as baronesses, but it was provided that their children were not "to assume or use the prefix of Honourable, or to be entitled to the style, rank or precedence of the children of a Baron." In 1898, however, this was revoked, and it was ordained "that such children shall have and enjoy on all occasions the style and title enjoyed by the children of hereditary Barons together with the rank and precedence." By these acts of the Crown, the prefix "honourable" would seem to have been restricted as a definite title of honour, yet in legal documents the sons of peers are still styled merely "esquire". This latter fact points to the time when the prefix "honourable" was a mark of deference paid by others rather than a style assumed by right.
  7. ^ "No. 28661". The London Gazette. 8 November 1912. p. 8201.
  8. ^ "Factsheet G7 - Some Traditions and Customs of the House" (PDF). House of Commons. August 2010. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 June 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  9. ^ Afghanistan Archived 14 February 2022 at the Wayback Machine.Hansard. (2021). An example of the use after recommended abolition.
  10. ^ a b "Titles". Canadian Heritage. Government of Canada. Archived from the original on 27 February 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  11. ^ "lieutenant-governor, Lt.-Gov., His/Her Honour, Honourable". Public Works and Government Services Canada. Government of Canada. 8 October 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
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  56. ^ See, for example, S. Iswaran (13 March 2017), Speech by Mr S Iswaran, Minister for Trade and Industry (Industry), at the Official Opening of the Australian Landing Pad in Singapore, on Monday, 13 March 2017, 1040 Hrs, at BASH (79 Ayer Rajah Crescent) (PDF), Government of Singapore: "The Honourable Julie Bishop, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Australia, …".
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