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The 700 Club

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The 700 Club
700 Club logo.png
GenreChristian news/talk
Presented by
Narrated byWendy Griffith, Gordon Robertson
Theme music composerJeremy Sweet
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
Production
Production locationVirginia Beach, Virginia
Running time60 minutes
Release
Original networkChristian Broadcasting Network/Syndicated (1966–)
CBN Satellite Service>The Family Channel>Fox Family>ABC Family>Freeform (1977–)
Original releaseApril 1, 1966 (1966-04-01) –
present

The 700 Club is the flagship television program of the Christian Broadcasting Network, airing each weekday in syndication in the United States and available worldwide on CBN.com. The news magazine program features live guests, daily news, contemporary music, testimonies, and Christian ministry. Celebrities and other guests are often interviewed, and Christian lifestyle issues are presented. The program additionally features world news stories plus investigative reporting by the CBN News team.

The 700 Club has been in production since 1966 and was initially hosted by Jim Bakker,[1] as well as being hosted by Gordon Robertson, Terry Meeuwsen, Ashley Key and Wendy Griffith. Previous co-hosts include Pat Robertson (1966–1987; 1988–2021), Ben Kinchlow (1975–1988, 1992–1996), Sheila Walsh (1987–1992), Danuta Rylko Soderman (1983–1988), Kristi Watts (1999–2013), and Lisa Ryan (1996–2005). Tim Robertson served as host for a year (1987–88) along with Kinchlow and actress Susan Howard, while Pat Robertson ran unsuccessfully for President in the 1988 campaign.[2]

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Christian Broadcasting Network

Christian Broadcasting Network

The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) is an American Christian media production and distribution organization. Founded in 1960 by Pat Robertson, it produces the long-running TV series The 700 Club, co-produces the ongoing Superbook anime, and has operated a number of TV channels and radio stations.

Jim Bakker

Jim Bakker

James Orsen Bakker is an American televangelist. Between 1974 and 1987, Bakker hosted the television program The PTL Club and its cable television platform, the PTL Satellite Network, with his then wife, Tammy Faye. He also developed Heritage USA, a now-defunct Christian theme park in Fort Mill, South Carolina.

Gordon P. Robertson

Gordon P. Robertson

Gordon Perry Robertson is an American televangelist who is the CEO of the Christian Broadcasting Network. He is the main host of The 700 Club, the show founded by his father, Pat Robertson.

Terry Meeuwsen

Terry Meeuwsen

Terry Anne Meeuwsen Friedrich is an American television personality, co-host of the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN)'s 700 Club, author and singer.

Pat Robertson

Pat Robertson

Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson is an American media mogul, religious broadcaster, political commentator, former presidential candidate, and former Southern Baptist minister. Robertson advocates a conservative Christian ideology and is known for his past activities in Republican party politics. He is associated with the Charismatic Movement within Protestant evangelicalism. He serves as chancellor and CEO of Regent University and chairman of the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN).

Ben Kinchlow

Ben Kinchlow

Harvey Ben Kinchlow was an American evangelist best known for being co-host of The 700 Club from 1975 to 1988 and again from 1992 to 1996. He also hosted other shows on the Christian Broadcasting Network such as Straight Talk and a radio talk show, Taking It to the Streets.

Susan Howard

Susan Howard

Jeri Lynn Mooney, better known as Susan Howard, is an American actress, writer, and political activist. She portrayed Donna Culver Krebbs on Dallas (1979–1987) and co-starred on Petrocelli (1974–1976). She is also a screenwriter and member of the Writers Guild of America.

History

In 1960, Pat Robertson, the son of former U.S. Senator Absalom Willis Robertson, purchased the license for WTOV-TV, channel 27 in Portsmouth, Virginia (unrelated to the current WTOV-TV in Steubenville, Ohio), which had ceased operation because of poor viewership. Renamed WYAH-TV (known today as CW affiliate WGNT), the station began broadcasting Christian programming to the Hampton Roads area on October 1, 1961.[2]

In 1962, the station suffered financially and almost closed. It had a total operating budget of $700 per month. To keep the station on the air, WYAH produced a special telethon edition of the show. For the telethon, Robertson set a goal of 70 members each contributing $10 per month (equivalent to $90 in 2021), which was enough to support the station.[3] Robertson referred to these members as the "700 Club" and the name stuck. The telethon was successful and is still held annually.[2]

After the telethon in 1966, The 700 Club continued as a nightly, two-hour Christian variety program of music, preaching, group prayer, Bible study, and interview segments.[4] The music was hymns, instrumental pieces, southern gospel music, and urban gospel music.

The first permanent host of the program was Jim Bakker, who, along with his then-wife Tammy Faye Bakker, also hosted a children's show on WYAH called Come On Over (later retitled Jim and Tammy). The couple left CBN in 1972; reportedly, Jim Bakker was fired by Pat Robertson over philosophical differences.[5] The Bakkers then moved on to help launch the Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) before starting their own television ministry and signature show, The PTL Club. After the Bakkers left, some staffers at the station reportedly responded by destroying the Bakkers' sets and puppets.[6] Pat Robertson took over as host, and evolved his 700 Club by cutting back on music and preaching and heading toward the talk show format developed by Bakker. Robertson transformed the 700 Club from a nightly religious-themed telethon to a Christian talk show.

The 700 Club originally aired only on WYAH-TV and other CBN-owned stations in Atlanta (WANX-TV) and Dallas (KXTX-TV), and later Boston (WXNE-TV). The program entered national syndication in 1974, as CBN purchased airtime on stations such as WPIX in New York City, KTLA in Los Angeles, WPHL-TV in Philadelphia, and WDCA in Washington, D.C., among others. The roster of stations carrying the program grew to over 100 markets by 1976. In some markets, the show aired on multiple stations, choosing between either the full 90-minute version or an edited 60-minute version. In 1977, The 700 Club received additional exposure nationally on the newly launched CBN Cable Network where, like CBN's broadcast outlets, it aired three times daily.

In 1979, The 700 Club moved its studios from WYAH's facilities in Portsmouth into CBN's then-new campus in neighboring Virginia Beach, from where the program continues to originate. During the 1980s, the show evolved into more of a format resembling a magazine show like Group W's PM Magazine, with news/opinion and lifestyle segments interspersed with interviews. In some markets, The 700 Club aired during the morning hours, competing head-to-head with the major network "breakfast television" programs such as NBC's Today and ABC's Good Morning America.

After CBN sold its group of terrestrial stations later in the decade, The 700 Club continued to air on CBN Cable as well as many commercial secular stations and Christian stations nationally. CBN was re-branded as The Family Channel in 1988. The Family Channel was packaged as part of a sale of International Family Entertainment to News Corporation and television producer Haim Saban in 1998. The channel was renamed Fox Family Channel, but only three years later Fox Family was sold to The Walt Disney Company and was subsequently re-branded ABC Family. Disney later rebranded ABC Family as Freeform on January 12, 2016; Freeform was later reunited with many of its former corporate siblings from News Corporation in 2019. As of 2005, The 700 Club airs on Freeform three times daily, part of a contractual obligation originally made as part of the Family Channel's sale to News Corporation.[7] As of 2009, the first airing of the show in the morning (only) has been preceded by a half-hour show called 700 Club Interactive, which utilizes Internet user-generated videos and comments by viewers of the show.

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Absalom Willis Robertson

Absalom Willis Robertson

Absalom Willis Robertson was an American politician from Virginia who served over 50 years in public office. A member of the Democratic Party and lukewarm ally of the Byrd Organization led by fellow U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Robertson represented Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives (1933–1946) and the U.S. Senate (1946–1966), and had earlier served in the Virginia General Assembly. A member of the conservative coalition during his congressional career, Robertson was a vocal opponent of civil rights. Robertson was also the father of televangelist and political commentator Pat Robertson.

Portsmouth, Virginia

Portsmouth, Virginia

Portsmouth is an independent city in southeast Virginia, United States. It lies across the Elizabeth River from Norfolk. As of the 2020 census, the population was 97,915. It's the 9th most populous city in Virginia and is part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area.

Steubenville, Ohio

Steubenville, Ohio

Steubenville is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Ohio, United States. Located along the Ohio River 33 miles west of Pittsburgh, it had a population of 18,161 at the 2020 census. The city's name is derived from Fort Steuben, a 1786 fort that sat within the city's current limits and was named for Prussian military officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. It is a principal city of the Weirton–Steubenville metropolitan area, which had a 2020 population of 116,903 residents.

The CW

The CW

The CW Television Network is an American English-language commercial broadcast television network that is controlled, through The CW Network, LLC, by Nexstar Media Group with a 75% ownership interest. The network's name is derived from the first letters of the names of its two founding co-owners CBS Corporation and Warner Bros.. Nexstar closed its acquisition of a controlling interest in The CW on October 3, 2022, with Paramount Global and Warner Bros. Discovery each retaining a 12.5% ownership stake.

Hampton Roads

Hampton Roads

Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water in the United States that serves as a wide channel for the James, Nansemond and Elizabeth rivers between Old Point Comfort and Sewell's Point where the Chesapeake Bay flows into the Atlantic Ocean, and the surrounding metropolitan region located in the southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina portions of the Tidewater Region.

Telethon

Telethon

A telethon is a televised fundraising event that lasts many hours or even days, the purpose of which is to raise money for a charitable, political or other purportedly worthy cause.

Jim Bakker

Jim Bakker

James Orsen Bakker is an American televangelist. Between 1974 and 1987, Bakker hosted the television program The PTL Club and its cable television platform, the PTL Satellite Network, with his then wife, Tammy Faye. He also developed Heritage USA, a now-defunct Christian theme park in Fort Mill, South Carolina.

Trinity Broadcasting Network

Trinity Broadcasting Network

The Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) is an international Christian-based broadcast television network and the world's largest religious television network. TBN was headquartered in Costa Mesa, California, until March 3, 2017, when it sold its highly visible office park, Trinity Christian City. The broadcaster retained its studios in nearby Tustin. Auxiliary studio facilities are located in Irving, Hendersonville, Gadsden, Decatur, Miami and Orlando, Tulsa and New York City. TBN has characterized itself as broadcasting programs hosted by a diverse group of ministries from Evangelical, traditional Protestant and Catholic denominations, non-profit charities, Messianic Jewish and Christian media personalities. TBN also offers a wide range of original programming and faith-based films from various distributors.

The PTL Club

The PTL Club

The PTL Club, also known as The Jim and Tammy Show, was a Christian television program that was first hosted by evangelists Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker, running from 1974 to 1989. The program was later known as PTL Today and as Heritage Today. During its final years, The PTL Club, which adopted a talk show format, was the flagship television program of the Bakkers' PTL Satellite Network.

WANF

WANF

WANF is a television station in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, affiliated with CBS. It is the flagship property of locally based Gray Television and is co-owned with independent station WPCH-TV and low-power, Class A Telemundo affiliate WKTB-CD. WANF and WPCH-TV share studios on 14th Street Northwest in Atlanta's Atlantic Station district, while WANF's transmitter is located in the city's Woodland Hills section.

KXTX-TV

KXTX-TV

KXTX-TV is a television station licensed to Dallas, Texas, United States, broadcasting the Spanish-language Telemundo network to the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. It is owned and operated by NBCUniversal's Telemundo Station Group alongside Fort Worth–licensed NBC outlet KXAS-TV. Both stations share studios at the CentrePort Business Park in Fort Worth, while KXTX-TV's transmitter is located in Cedar Hill, Texas.

WFXT

WFXT

WFXT is a television station in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, affiliated with the Fox network and owned by Cox Media Group. Its studios are located on Fox Drive in Dedham, and its transmitter is located on Cabot Street in Needham. WFXT is the largest Fox affiliate by market size that is not owned and operated by the network, although it was previously owned by Fox on two occasions.

Political advocacy

Between 1978 and 1980, discussions on current political issues became a part of the program, and news segments were added in the first 20 minutes of the show. The 700 Club strongly supports Israel, especially in its conflicts with the Palestinians and the United Nations. Among its frequent Jewish guests are Michael Medved and Rabbi Daniel Lapin, who share Club's conservative Judeo-Christian beliefs.[8]

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Palestinians

Palestinians

Palestinians or Palestinian people, also referred to as Palestinian Arabs, are an ethnonational group descending from peoples who have inhabited the region of Palestine over the millennia, and who are today culturally and linguistically Arab.

United Nations

United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization whose stated purposes are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the world's largest and most familiar international organization. The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City, and has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague.

Michael Medved

Michael Medved

Michael Saul Medved is an American radio show host, author, political commentator, and film critic. His talk show, The Michael Medved Show, is syndicated from his home station KTTH in Seattle. It is syndicated via Genesis Communications Network.

Judeo-Christian

Judeo-Christian

The term Judeo-Christian is used to group Christianity and Judaism together, either in reference to Christianity's derivation from Judaism, Christianity's borrowing of Jewish Scripture to constitute the "Old Testament" of the Christian Bible, or due to the parallels or commonalities in Judaeo-Christian ethics shared by the two religions. The term "Judæo Christian" first appeared in the 19th century as a word for Jewish converts to Christianity.

Staff

Former

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Gordon P. Robertson

Gordon P. Robertson

Gordon Perry Robertson is an American televangelist who is the CEO of the Christian Broadcasting Network. He is the main host of The 700 Club, the show founded by his father, Pat Robertson.

Andrew Knox

Andrew Knox

Andrew Knox may refer to:Andrew Knox (bishop) (1559–1633), Scottish churchman, Bishop of the Isles and Bishop of Raphoe Andrew Knox (1866–1946), Irish-born farmer and political figure in Saskatchewan, Canada Andrew Knox (1709–1774), Irish MP for county Donegal Andrew Knox (1766–1840), Irish MP for Strabane Andy Knox (1864–1940), Major League Baseball first baseman

Mark Martin

Mark Martin

Mark Anthony Martin is a retired American stock car racing driver. He has the second most wins all time in what is now the Xfinity Series with 49. He scored 40 Cup Series wins. He finished second in the NASCAR Cup Series standings five times, third in the NASCAR Cup Series standings four times, and has been described by ESPN as "The best driver to never win a championship." Martin, with five IROC Championships, has more than any other driver. Also, during the 2005 season, Martin took over the all-time record for IROC wins, with 13.

Gary Lane

Gary Lane

Gary Lane may refer to:Gary Lane, professional chess player and author Gary Lane, American football quarterback and American football official Gary Lane (politician), Canadian politician and Saskatchewan MLA

Scott Ross

Scott Ross

Scott Ross may refer to:Scott Ross, Founder, Chairman, and CEO of Digital Domain (1993–2006); pioneer in digital entertainment Scott Ross, interviewer for The 700 Club with ties to various 1960s and 1970s rock musicians Scott Ross (1968–2014), American football player Scott Ross (Oz), character on the HBO series Oz Scott Ross Scott Ross (harpsichordist) (1951–1989)

Chris Mitchell

Chris Mitchell

Chris Mitchell may refer to:Chris Mitchell (journalist), Australian journalist Chris Mitchell, Australian rules footballer Chris Mitchell (1988–2016), Scottish footballer Chris Mitchell (author), American author and journalist

Paul Strand

Paul Strand

Paul Strand was an American photographer and filmmaker who, along with fellow modernist photographers like Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Weston, helped establish photography as an art form in the 20th century. In 1936, he helped found the Photo League, a cooperative of photographers who banded together around a range of common social and creative causes. His diverse body of work, spanning six decades, covers numerous genres and subjects throughout the Americas, Europe, and Africa.

George Thomas

George Thomas

George Thomas may refer to:

Pat Robertson

Pat Robertson

Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson is an American media mogul, religious broadcaster, political commentator, former presidential candidate, and former Southern Baptist minister. Robertson advocates a conservative Christian ideology and is known for his past activities in Republican party politics. He is associated with the Charismatic Movement within Protestant evangelicalism. He serves as chancellor and CEO of Regent University and chairman of the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN).

Jim Bakker

Jim Bakker

James Orsen Bakker is an American televangelist. Between 1974 and 1987, Bakker hosted the television program The PTL Club and its cable television platform, the PTL Satellite Network, with his then wife, Tammy Faye. He also developed Heritage USA, a now-defunct Christian theme park in Fort Mill, South Carolina.

Ben Kinchlow

Ben Kinchlow

Harvey Ben Kinchlow was an American evangelist best known for being co-host of The 700 Club from 1975 to 1988 and again from 1992 to 1996. He also hosted other shows on the Christian Broadcasting Network such as Straight Talk and a radio talk show, Taking It to the Streets.

Lisa Ryan

Lisa Ryan

Lisa Ryan is an American author and speaker. She has had a career as a television actress, host, reporter and producer. She assumed the title of Miss California in 1982 after Debra Maffett was crowned Miss America. Ryan then re-entered and won the Miss California title in 1985. She grew up in Visalia, California, and studied communications.

Criticism

As a commentator and minister on The 700 Club, Robertson made many controversial statements attracting criticism.

Robertson's service as a minister has included the controversial belief in the healing power of God.[10] He credited his prayers for steering the course of Hurricane Gloria in 1985.[11] On March 23, 1995, Pat Robertson led a television program in which he attacked Hinduism, calling it "demonic".[12] He has also referred to Islam as "Satanic".[13] Robertson has denounced views of feminism,[14] activism regarding homosexuality,[15] abortion,[16] and liberal college professors.[17] Critics claim Robertson had business dealings in Africa with former presidents Charles Taylor[18] of Liberia and Mobutu Sese Seko[19] of Zaire who both had been internationally denounced for claims of human rights violations. Robertson was criticized worldwide for his call for Hugo Chávez's assassination[19] and for his remarks concerning Ariel Sharon's ill-health as an act of God.[20]

Former 700 Club co-host Danuta Rylko Soderman later criticized Robertson for having no room on the show for profiling people with progressive illness, who were overweight, had facial blemishes, used wheelchairs, crutches, were blind or had blindness, no disabilities that could not be healed as Robertson viewed people with such problems as "failures of the faith" and that "Robertson offers the Reader’s Digest version of answers to difficult and demanding religious, social, financial, marital, political, sexual and moral concepts." She also accused the show of faking a piece that had Robertson walking into a Contras camp in the Nicaraguan jungle during the Nicaraguan Civil War, claiming that the camp was actually a "prop" built by an airfield specifically for Robertson's visit.[21]

The week of September 11, 2001, Robertson discussed the terror attacks with Jerry Falwell, who said that "the ACLU has to take a lot of blame for this" in addition to "the pagans, and the abortionists, and the feminists, and the gays, and the lesbians [who have] helped [the terror attacks of September 11th] happen". Robertson replied, "I totally concur".[22] Both evangelists were seriously criticized by President George W. Bush for their commentary,[23] for which Falwell later issued an apology.[24]

In October 2003, while interviewing State Department critic Joel Mowbray about his book Dangerous Diplomacy, Robertson appeared to suggest that destroying the Harry S Truman Building with a nuclear bomb would enhance United States security by eliminating a nest of liberal traitors who secretly yearn for Islamic world domination. After officials condemned his remarks,[25][26][27] Robertson aired a "clarifying" segment which he described as "issu[ing] a correction to the State Department" in which he reiterated his previous comments.[28]

On November 9, 2009, Robertson said that Islam is "a violent political system bent on the overthrow of the governments of the world and world domination". He went on to elaborate that "you're dealing with not a religion, you're dealing with a political system, and I think we should treat it as such, and treat its adherents as such as we would members of the communist party, members of some fascist group".[29]

Robertson's response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake also drew worldwide controversy and was met with international condemnation.[30][31] Robertson claimed that Haiti's founders had sworn a "pact to the Devil" in order to liberate themselves from the French slave owners and indirectly attributed the earthquake to the consequences of the Haitian people being "cursed" for doing so.[32][33] CBN later issued a statement saying that Robertson's comments "were based on the widely-discussed 1791 slave rebellion led by Dutty Boukman at Bois Caiman, where the slaves allegedly made a famous pact with the devil in exchange for victory over the French".[34][35] Various figures in mainline and evangelical[36] Christianity have on occasion disavowed some of Robertson's remarks.[30][37]

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Faith healing

Faith healing

Faith healing is the practice of prayer and gestures that are believed by some to elicit divine intervention in spiritual and physical healing, especially the Christian practice. Believers assert that the healing of disease and disability can be brought about by religious faith through prayer or other rituals that, according to adherents, can stimulate a divine presence and power. Religious belief in divine intervention does not depend on empirical evidence of an evidence-based outcome achieved via faith healing. Virtually all scientists and philosophers dismiss faith healing as pseudoscience.

Hurricane Gloria

Hurricane Gloria

Hurricane Gloria was a powerful hurricane that caused significant damage along the east coast of the United States and in Atlantic Canada during the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the first significant tropical cyclone to strike the northeastern United States since Hurricane Agnes in 1972 and the first major storm to affect New York City and Long Island directly since Hurricane Donna in 1960. Gloria was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane originating from a tropical wave on September 16 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. After remaining a weak tropical cyclone for several days, Gloria intensified into a hurricane on September 22 north of the Lesser Antilles. During that time, the storm had moved generally westward, although it turned to the northwest due to a weakening of the ridge. Gloria quickly intensified on September 24, and the next day reached peak winds of 145 mph (230 km/h). The hurricane weakened before striking the Outer Banks of North Carolina on September 27. Later that day, Gloria made two subsequent landfalls on Long Island and across the coastline of western Connecticut, before becoming extratropical on September 28 over New England. The remnants moved through Atlantic Canada and went on to impact Western Europe, eventually dissipating on October 4.

Demon

Demon

A demon is a malevolent supernatural entity. Historically, belief in demons, or stories about demons, occurs in religion, occultism, literature, fiction, mythology, and folklore; as well as in media such as comics, video games, movies, anime, and television series.

Feminism

Feminism

Feminism is a range of socio-political movements and ideologies that aim to define and establish the political, economic, personal, and social equality of the sexes. Feminism holds the position that societies prioritize the male point of view and that women are treated unjustly in these societies. Efforts to change this include fighting against gender stereotypes and improving educational, professional, and interpersonal opportunities and outcomes for women.

Homosexuality

Homosexuality

Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. As a sexual orientation, homosexuality is "an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions" to people of the same sex. It "also refers to a person's sense of identity based on those attractions, related behaviors, and membership in a community of others who share those attractions."

Abortion

Abortion

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus. An abortion that occurs without intervention is known as a miscarriage or "spontaneous abortion"; these occur in approximately 30% to 40% of pregnancies. When deliberate steps are taken to end a pregnancy, it is called an induced abortion, or less frequently "induced miscarriage". The unmodified word abortion generally refers to an induced abortion. The reasons why women have abortions are diverse and vary across the world. Reasons include maternal health, an inability to afford a child, domestic violence, lack of support, feeling they are too young, wishing to complete education or advance a career, and not being able or willing to raise a child conceived as a result of rape or incest.

Mobutu Sese Seko

Mobutu Sese Seko

Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga was a Congolese politician and military officer who was the president of Zaire from 1965 to 1997. He also served as Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity from 1967 to 1968. During the Congo Crisis, Mobutu, serving as Chief of Staff of the Army and supported by Belgium and the United States, deposed the democratically elected government of left-wing nationalist Patrice Lumumba in 1960. Mobutu installed a government that arranged for Lumumba's execution in 1961, and continued to lead the country's armed forces until he took power directly in a second coup in 1965.

Hugo Chávez

Hugo Chávez

Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías was a Venezuelan politician who was president of Venezuela from 1999 until his death in 2013, except for a brief period in 2002. Chávez was also leader of the Fifth Republic Movement political party from its foundation in 1997 until 2007, when it merged with several other parties to form the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which he led until 2012.

Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon was an Israeli general and politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel from March 2001 until April 2006.

Contras

Contras

The Contras were the various U.S.-backed and funded right-wing rebel groups that were active from 1979 to 1990 in opposition to the Marxist Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction Government in Nicaragua, which came to power in 1979 following the Nicaraguan Revolution. Among the separate contra groups, the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN) emerged as the largest by far. In 1987, virtually all Contra organizations were united, at least nominally, into the Nicaraguan Resistance.

Jerry Falwell

Jerry Falwell

Jerry Laymon Falwell Sr. was an American Baptist pastor, televangelist, and conservative activist. He was the founding pastor of the Thomas Road Baptist Church, a megachurch in Lynchburg, Virginia. He founded Lynchburg Christian Academy in 1967, founded Liberty University in 1971, and co-founded the Moral Majority in 1979.

American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is an American nonprofit organization founded in 1920 "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States". The ACLU works through litigation and lobbying and has over 1,800,000 members as of July 2018, with an annual budget of over $300 million. Affiliates of the ACLU are active in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The ACLU provides legal assistance in cases where it considers civil liberties at risk. Legal support from the ACLU can take the form of direct legal representation or preparation of amicus curiae briefs expressing legal arguments when another law firm is already providing representation.

Source: "The 700 Club", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 31st), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_700_Club.

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References
  1. ^ "About The 700 Club". Christina Broadcasting Network. March 28, 2017. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "About The 700 Club". CBN.com - The Christian Broadcasting Network. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
  3. ^ "🤔 How Did the 700 Club Get itsItsme?". YouTube.
  4. ^ George Thomas Kurian, Mark A. Lamport, Encyclopedia of Christianity in the United States, Volume 5, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2016, p. 469
  5. ^ "Pat Robertson: the man, the mission, and the medium." Broadcasting. March 6, 1978, pp. 56-68.
  6. ^ Biography: Bakker, Jim
  7. ^ Eggerton, John (August 23, 2005). "ABC Family Repudiates Robertson 'Hit'". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
  8. ^ PFEIFFER, DANUTA (March 1998). "Inside The 700 club".
  9. ^ "CBN Spiritual Life - Celebritites, Dignitaries, and Politicians Gather for Harald Bredesen's 85th Birthday".
  10. ^ Randi, James (1989). The Faith Healers. Prometheus Books. [[Dallas, Texas|ISBN 0-87975-535-0]] pages 197–206.
  11. ^ Daily Press: Robertson Says Prayer Stalled Storm.
  12. ^ Rajan, Valli J. (1995-07). "Christian Pat Robertson Denounces Hinduism as "Demonic"". Hinduism Today>https://www.hinduismtoday.com/magazine/july-1995/1995-07-using-tv-christian-pat-robertson-denounces-hinduism-as-demonic/
  13. ^ "Robertson says Islam isn't a faith of peace: Televangelist calls radicals 'demonic'", Sonja Barisic, March 14, 2006, Associated Press. And, he's right.
  14. ^ "Equal Rights Initiative in Iowa Attacked", Washington Post, August 23, 1992.
  15. ^ ^ "California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Keeps Promise and Will Veto Abominable Homosexual 'Marriage' Bill Passed By Legislature Which Ignored Overwhelming Vote of California Voters in Proposition 22 Banning Homosexual 'Marriage'". Christian Coalition. 2005-09-09. http://www.cc.org/content.cfm?id=253. Retrieved 2007-03-31.
  16. ^ "Abortion to Die by 1,000 Cuts After Today's Supreme Court Ruling". Christian Coalition. 2007-01-18. http://www.cc.org/archives/abortion/index.html. Retrieved 2007-03-31.
  17. ^ "Right-Wing Watch", May 11, 2006, People for the American Way.
  18. ^ "Pat Robertson's Gold", Colbert I. King, September 22, 2001, The Washington Post.
  19. ^ a b Blumenthal, Max (2005-09-07). "Pat Robertson's Katrina Cash". The Nation Online. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
  20. ^ "Robertson suggests God smote Sharon: Evangelist links Israeli leader's stroke to 'dividing God's land'", January 6, 2006, CNN.
  21. ^ Pfeiffer, Danuta (March 1, 1998). "Pat Robertson's former co-host speaks out". Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  22. ^ "Falwell speaks about WTC disaster, Christian Broadcasting Network". Archived from the original (mp3) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  23. ^ David John Marley, Pat Robertson: an American life (2007) p 273
  24. ^ "Falwell apologizes to gays, feminists, lesbians". CNN. 2009-10-14. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  25. ^ State Dept. Decries Robertson Nuke Quote, Associated Press, October 12, 2003
  26. ^ U.S. State Department protests televangelist's nuclear threat, Agence France-Presse, October 10, 2003
  27. ^ "Robertson Suggests Lobbing Nuclear Bomb at U.S. State Department".
  28. ^ "State Department Comments Clarified".
  29. ^ Hamby, Peter (2009-11-18). "McDonnell won't disavow Robertson's Islam remarks". CNN. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  30. ^ a b Urban Legend Expert Debunks Haitian 'Pact with the Devil' Archived 2010-01-21 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ Lauerman, Kerry (January 13, 2010). "Robertson: Haiti had "pact with devil"". Salon. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  32. ^ Televangelist Pat Robertson Says Earthquake Result Of "Cursed" Haiti's Satanic Pact
  33. ^ "US evangelist says quake-hit Haiti made 'devil' pact". France 24. 2010-01-13. Archived from the original on 2010-01-16.
  34. ^ "Statement Regarding Pat Robertson's Comments on Haiti". Cbn.com. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
  35. ^ Thylefors, Markel (March 2009). "'Our Government is in Bwa Kayiman:' a Vodou Ceremony in 1791 and its Contemporary Signifcations" Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, Issue No. 4
  36. ^ "Pat Robertson on Disasters: Consistently Wrong" Thursday, January 14, 2010, 1:01 PM by John Mark Reynolds
  37. ^ "In Good Faith: Guest post: A message for Pat Robertson – A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith – baltimoresun.com". Weblogs.baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2010-01-15.

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