Sunken Garden (Virginia)
The Sunken Garden (often erroneously referred to as the Sunken Gardens) is the central element of the Old Campus at the College of William and Mary. The garden consists of a long stretch of grass, lower than the surrounding area, that runs west from the rear of the Wren Building to Crim Dell pond. The area is very popular for students wanting to study outside or play games like Ultimate. Functionally, it is similar to a university quadrangle.
The Sunken Garden was first designed by College Architect Charles M. Robinson, who was working closely with J.A.C. Chandler on the project from 1919 to 1923. The design was reportedly based on the works of Christopher Wren seen in England, especially his work at Chelsea Hospital. The plan for a sunken garden on the campus was first mentioned in correspondence between J.A.C. Chandler and Charles F. Gillette in October 1923.
The plan to omit the construction of the Sunken Garden as included in building plans drawn by landscape artist Charles F. Gillette was first mentioned in the Board of Visitors minutes on February 12, 1924. The Board of Visitors was concerned that Gillette's landscape plan would call for an expenditure of $25,000 to $30,000.
In 1933, Dr. J.A.C Chandler reported that a Civilian Conservation Corps camp had been assigned to the college for the purpose of beautifying and improving the grounds. He recommended that the board again consider the idea of the Sunken Garden. This recommendation was adopted and the president was authorized to employ Gillette to supervise the landscape work. Upon motion duly made and seconded, Gillette's bill for $1,400 for services rendered as architect for the Sunken Garden was approved and ordered to be paid. It was constructed by A.L Phillips Sons between 1935 and 1936.
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Source: "Sunken Garden (Virginia)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, December 14th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunken_Garden_(Virginia).
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College of William & Mary
Earl Gregg Swem Library
Mason School of Business
History of the College of William & Mary
J. A. C. Chandler
John Stewart Bryan
Alvin Duke Chandler
Chancellor of the College of William & Mary
The Gentlemen of the College
President's House (College of William & Mary)
Hearth: Memorial to the Enslaved
- ^ "Garden vs. gardens: Students debate proper terminology for iconic concave field". The Flat Hat. 23 April 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
- University Archives Buildings File (2007). Sunken Gardens. Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia
Media related to Sunken Garden at Wikimedia Commons
- Sunken Garden, Special Collections Research Center Wiki, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
Coordinates: 37°16′15″N 76°42′42″W / 37.2709°N 76.7117°W
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