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The Suhrawardiyya (Arabic: سهروردية, Persian: سهروردیه) is a Sufi order founded by Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi (died 1168). Lacking a centralised structure, it eventually divided into various branches. The order was especially prominent in India. The ideology of the Suhrawardiyya was inspired by Junayd of Baghdad (died 910) a Persian scholar and mystic from Baghdad.
Under the Ilkhanate (1256–1335), the Suhrawardiyya was one of the three leading Sufi orders, and was based in western Iran. The order had its own khanaqahs (Sufi lodges), which helped them spread their influence throughout Persianate culture and society. The order included prominent members such as the Akbarian mystics Abd al-Razzaq Kashani (died 1329) and Sa'id al-Din Farghani (died 1300), and the Persian poet Saadi Shirazi (died 1292).
Today most of the order has dissolved in some Middle Eastern countries such as Syria. The order is still active in Iraq, where it continues to recruit new members.
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Source: "Suhrawardiyya", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 14th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suhrawardiyya.
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Fakhr al-Din Iraqi
List of pre-modern Iranian scientists and scholars
History of Sufism
Abdul Qadir Gilani
Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi
Shihab al-Din 'Umar al-Suhrawardi
List of Sufi saints
'Ala' al-Dawla Simnani
Abdul Razzaq Gilani
- Babaie, Sussan (2019). Iran After the Mongols. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1788315289.
- Sobieroj, F. (1997). "Suhrawardiyya". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W. P. & Lecomte, G. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Volume IX: San–Sze. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 784–786. ISBN 978-90-04-10422-8.
- Feuillebois, Ève (2018). "ʿIzz al-Dīn Kāshānī". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Stewart, Devin J. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.
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