Siege of Ypres (1678)
|Siege of Ypres|
|Part of the Franco-Dutch War|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Dom Francisco de Pardo|
|Casualties and losses|
Unknown number of casualties|
The siege of Ypres in the Spanish Netherlands took place between March 18 and March 25, 1678, as part of the Franco-Dutch War, and ended with the conquest of the city by the French.
In October 1677, Mary Stuart, niece and possible successor of Charles II of England, married William III of Orange, concluding the rapprochement between England and the Dutch Republic, who had been at war with each other until 1674. Louis XIV decided to invade the Spanish Netherlands to counter a possible English military intervention against him.
The Dutch expected an attack against Namur. But Louis XIV directed his troops towards Ghent, taking the city on March 9, and then turned immediately west in the direction of Ypres.
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On March 18, the French, led by Vauban, started digging approach trenches towards the citadel. The city was defended by a Spanish garrison under Dom Francisco de Pardo, who ordered the surroundings of the city flooded. But the French had already advanced too much to be stopped by this action. The city was pounded by 22 high caliber guns and 12 mortars. After one week, the works had advanced so far, that Louis XIV ordered an attack in the night of March 24–25. The city was quickly conquered and the defenders capitulated by dawn. Only the citadel held out for one more day, after which the surviving 1600 valid men and 600 wounded also surrendered.
In April, Vauban started reconstructing and modernising Ypres' fortifications, giving it the form that can still be seen today. Louis de Crevant, Duke of Humières became governor of the city.
In England, Charles II raised some 20 regiments to be shipped to Ostend, but then hesitated to go to war with France. In the meantime, negotiations started between France and the Dutch Republic, leading to the Treaty of Nijmegen on August 10.
Source: "Siege of Ypres (1678)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 5th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Ypres_(1678).
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Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy
François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois
François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg
Louis Charles César Le Tellier
Siege of Maastricht (1673)
Louis François Marie Le Tellier
Camille le Tellier de Louvois
Louis d'Aubusson de La Feuillade
Charles Maurice Le Tellier
Nicolas de Neufville de Villeroy
Siege of Valenciennes (1676–1677)
Michel Le Tellier
Siege of Cambrai (1677)
Siege of Besançon
Conrad von Rosen
- Abel Hugo, France historique et monumentale : Histoire générale de France depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours, 1843.
- Camille Rousset, Histoire de Louvois et de son administration politique et militaire, Volume 2, 1862.
- Luc-Normand Tellier, Face aux Colbert : les Le Tellier, Vauban, Turgot-- et l'avènement du libéralisme, Édition presse de l'université de Quebec, 1987.
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