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S-segment

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2020 Best-Selling
2020 Best-SellingAudi TT (1998–present)Mazda MX-5 (1989–present)Porsche 911 (1963–present)Ford Mustang (1964-present)
Audi TT (1998–present)
2020 Best-SellingAudi TT (1998–present)Mazda MX-5 (1989–present)Porsche 911 (1963–present)Ford Mustang (1964-present)
Mazda MX-5 (1989–present)
2020 Best-SellingAudi TT (1998–present)Mazda MX-5 (1989–present)Porsche 911 (1963–present)Ford Mustang (1964-present)
Porsche 911 (1963–present)
2020 Best-SellingAudi TT (1998–present)Mazda MX-5 (1989–present)Porsche 911 (1963–present)Ford Mustang (1964-present)
Ford Mustang (1964-present)

S-segment cars are a European car segment class for sports coupés. The equivalent Euro NCAP class is called "roadster sport".[1][2]

Characteristics

S-segment cars have a sporting appearance and are usually designed to have superior handling and/or straight-line acceleration compared to other segments. The most common body styles for S-segment cars are coupé and convertible. Rear passenger accommodation is not a priority for S-segment cars, therefore many models are either two-seat cars or have a 2+2 layout with relatively cramped rear seating.

Most recent S-segment cars use the commonplace front-engine design (as either an FF layout, FR layout or F4 layout), however the majority of cars with a Mid-engine design or rear-engine design belong to the S-segment.

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Automobile handling

Automobile handling

Automobile handling and vehicle handling are descriptions of the way a wheeled vehicle responds and reacts to the inputs of a driver, as well as how it moves along a track or road. It is commonly judged by how a vehicle performs particularly during cornering, acceleration, and braking as well as on the vehicle's directional stability when moving in steady state condition.

Convertible

Convertible

A convertible or cabriolet is a passenger car that can be driven with or without a roof in place. The methods of retracting and storing the roof vary among eras and manufacturers.

2+2 (car body style)

2+2 (car body style)

A 2+2 is a version of the coupé car-body style that has a seat each for the driver and front passenger, and two rear seats. The latter may be individual "bucket" seats, fold-downs, or a full-width "bucketed" bench seat, but always with less leg room than either the front or a standard 2-door car. The style is different from 4 or 5 seat versions that have normal size rear seats. Some manufacturers which sell coupés without rear seats often market the car as "2+2"

Front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout

Front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout

In automotive design, a front-engine, front-wheel-drive (FWD) layout, or FF layout, places both the internal combustion engine and driven roadwheels at the front of the vehicle.

Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout

Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout

A front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout (FR) is an automotive design with an engine in front and rear-wheel-drive, connected via a drive shaft. This arrangement, with the engine straddling the front axle, was the traditional automobile layout for most of the 20th century.It is also used in trucks, pickups, and high-floor buses and school buses.

Front-engine, four-wheel-drive layout

Front-engine, four-wheel-drive layout

In automotive design, an F4, or front-engine, four-wheel drive (4WD) layout places the internal combustion engine at the front of the vehicle and drives all four roadwheels. This layout is typically chosen for better control on many surfaces, and is an important part of rally racing, as well as off-road driving. In terms of racing purposes, whether it be on-road or off-road, can be described as follows, A team that pursues the Weak LS4WD architecture will minimize the development cost of the front-wheel drive system at the expense of having a larger rear powertrain. The Weak architecture produces a vehicle with a large powersplit between the front and rear powertrains, while the Strong architecture recommends a vehicle with more similar power and torque requirements for the front and rear.

Mid-engine design

Mid-engine design

In automotive engineering, a mid-engine layout describes the placement of an automobile engine in front of the rear-wheel axles, but behind the front axle.

Rear-engine design

Rear-engine design

In automobile design, a rear-engine design layout places the engine at the rear of the vehicle. The center of gravity of the engine itself is behind the rear axle. This is not to be confused with the center of gravity of the whole vehicle, as an imbalance of such proportions would make it impossible to keep the front wheels on the ground.

Current models

The five highest selling S-segment cars in Europe are the Mazda MX-5, Porsche 911, Ford Mustang and Porsche Boxster/Cayman.

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Mazda MX-5

Mazda MX-5

The Mazda MX-5 is a lightweight two-passenger sports car manufactured and marketed by Mazda with a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout. The convertible is marketed as the Mazda Roadster or Eunos Roadster in Japan, and as the Mazda Miata in the United States, and formerly in Canada, where it is now marketed as the MX-5 but is still commonly referred to as Miata.

Porsche 911

Porsche 911

The Porsche 911 is a two-door 2+2 high performance rear-engined sports car introduced in September 1964 by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany. It has a rear-mounted flat-six engine and originally a torsion bar suspension. The car has been continuously enhanced through the years but the basic concept has remained unchanged. The engines were air-cooled until the introduction of the 996 series in 1998.

Ford Mustang

Ford Mustang

The Ford Mustang is a series of American automobiles manufactured by Ford. In continuous production since 1964, the Mustang is currently the longest-produced Ford car nameplate. Currently in its sixth generation, it is the fifth-best selling Ford car nameplate. The namesake of the "pony car" automobile segment, the Mustang was developed as a highly styled line of sporty coupes and convertibles derived from existing model lines, initially distinguished by "long hood, short deck" proportions.

Porsche Boxster/Cayman

Porsche Boxster/Cayman

The Porsche Boxster and Cayman are mid-engine two-seater sports cars manufactured and marketed by German automobile manufacturer Porsche across four generations—as a two-door, two-seater roadster (Boxster) and a three-door, two-seater fastback coupé (Cayman).

European sales figures

Sports cars[3]
2017
rank
Manufacturer Model 2013 sales 2014 sales 2015 sales 2016 sales 2017 sales % change
(2016–2017)
1 Audi TT 12,331 9,768 22,417 20,922 16,281 Decrease –22.2%
2 Mazda MX-5 6,050 5,786 6,746 13,677 15,769 Increase +15.3%
3 Porsche 911 12,369 12,987 14,386 15,550 15,053 Decrease –3.2%
4 Ford Mustang 635 556 4,889 15,204 13,241 Decrease –12.9%
5 Porsche 718 Boxster 147 3,144 8,438 Increase +168.4%
6 Mercedes-Benz SLC-Class 6,716 7,879 Increase +17.3%
7 Fiat 124 Spider 3,717 7,831 Increase +110.7%
8 Jaguar F-Type 2,750 4,641 4,557 4,541 4,538 Decrease –0.1%
9 Mercedes-AMG GT 71 2,508 2,372 2,443 Increase +3.0%
10 Chevrolet Camaro 1,496 932 367 607 1,592 Increase +162.3%
Supercars[3]
2017
rank
Manufacturer Model 2013 sales 2014 sales 2015 sales 2016 sales 2017 sales % change
(2016–2017)
1 Ferrari 488 GTB 247 1,286 1,519 Increase +18.1%
2 Bentley Continental GT 1,657 1,595 1,631 1,705 1,512 Decrease –11.3%
3 Aston Martin DB11 155 1,249 Increase +705.8%
4 Lamborghini Huracán 220 502 529 661 Increase +25.0%
5 Aston Martin Vanquish 379 320 365 247 359 Increase +45.3%
6 Lamborghini Aventador 226 238 250 369 322 Decrease –12.7%
7 Ferrari F12berlinetta 624 418 296 387 261 Decrease –32.6%
8 Rolls-Royce Dawn 258 235 Decrease –8.9%
9 Rolls-Royce Wraith 74 313 242 205 217 Increase +5.9%
10 Honda NSX - - - - 126 New

In 2014, the five highest selling coupé models were the BMW 4 Series, Opel Astra GTC, BMW 2 Series, Renault Mégane Coupé and Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W204).[4] The five highest selling convertible models in 2014 were the Fiat 500C, Mini Hatch, BMW 4 Series (F32), Volkswagen Beetle (A5) and Volkswagen Golf Mk6.[5]

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Audi

Audi

Audi AG is a German automotive manufacturer of luxury vehicles headquartered in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany. As a subsidiary of its parent company, the Volkswagen Group, Audi produces vehicles in nine production facilities worldwide.

Audi TT

Audi TT

The Audi TT is a series of 2-door production sports cars and convertibles, made by Audi since 1998, in its third generation since 2014. The first two generations were assembled by Audi's Hungarian subsidiary, one of the world's biggest engine making plants, using bodyshells manufactured and painted at Audi's Ingolstadt plant and parts made entirely by the Hungarian factory for the third generation.

Mazda

Mazda

Mazda Motor Corporation , commonly referred to as simply Mazda, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Fuchū, Hiroshima, Japan.

Mazda MX-5

Mazda MX-5

The Mazda MX-5 is a lightweight two-passenger sports car manufactured and marketed by Mazda with a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout. The convertible is marketed as the Mazda Roadster or Eunos Roadster in Japan, and as the Mazda Miata in the United States, and formerly in Canada, where it is now marketed as the MX-5 but is still commonly referred to as Miata.

Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, United States. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. The company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand, and luxury cars under its Lincoln luxury brand. Ford also owns Brazilian SUV manufacturer Troller, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom and a 32% stake in China's Jiangling Motors. It also has joint ventures in China, Taiwan, Thailand, and Turkey. The company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is controlled by the Ford family; they have minority ownership but the majority of the voting power.

Ford Mustang

Ford Mustang

The Ford Mustang is a series of American automobiles manufactured by Ford. In continuous production since 1964, the Mustang is currently the longest-produced Ford car nameplate. Currently in its sixth generation, it is the fifth-best selling Ford car nameplate. The namesake of the "pony car" automobile segment, the Mustang was developed as a highly styled line of sporty coupes and convertibles derived from existing model lines, initially distinguished by "long hood, short deck" proportions.

Fiat

Fiat

Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. is an Italian automobile manufacturer, formerly part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, and since 2021 a subsidiary of Stellantis through its Italian division Stellantis Italy. Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat S.p.A. reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.

Fiat 124 Spider (2016)

Fiat 124 Spider (2016)

The Fiat 124 Spider, nicknamed the Fiata, is a front-engine, rear-drive, two-passenger roadster manufactured by Mazda for FCA, having debuted at the 2015 LA Auto Show for model year 2016.

Jaguar Cars

Jaguar Cars

Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England. Jaguar Cars was the company that was responsible for the production of Jaguar cars until its operations were fully merged with those of Land Rover to form Jaguar Land Rover on 1 January 2013.

Jaguar F-Type

Jaguar F-Type

The Jaguar F-Type (X152) is a series of two-door, two-seater grand tourers manufactured by British car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover under their Jaguar Cars marque since 2013. The car's JLR D6a platform is based on a shortened version of the XK's platform. It is the so-called "spiritual successor" to the famous E-Type.

Chevrolet

Chevrolet

Chevrolet is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM). Louis Chevrolet (1878–1941), Arthur Chevrolet and ousted General Motors founder William C. Durant (1861–1947) started the company on November 3, 1911 as the Chevrolet Motor Car Company. Durant used the Chevrolet Motor Car Company to acquire a controlling stake in General Motors with a reverse merger occurring on May 2, 1918, and propelled himself back to the GM presidency. After Durant's second ousting in 1919, Alfred Sloan, with his maxim "a car for every purse and purpose", would pick the Chevrolet brand to become the volume leader in the General Motors family, selling mainstream vehicles to compete with Henry Ford's Model T in 1919 and overtaking Ford as the best-selling car in the United States by 1929 with the Chevrolet International.

Chevrolet Camaro

Chevrolet Camaro

The Chevrolet Camaro is a mid-size American automobile manufactured by Chevrolet, classified as a pony car. It first went on sale on September 29, 1966, for the 1967 model year and was designed to compete with the Ford Mustang. The Camaro shared its platform and major components with the Firebird, produced by General Motors' Pontiac division that was also introduced for 1967.

Source: "S-segment", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 11th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S-segment.

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See also
References
  1. ^ "REGULATION (EEC) No 4064/89 - MERGER PROCEDURE" (PDF). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities L-2985 Luxembourg.
  2. ^ "Latest Safety Ratings". www.euroncap.com. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "European sales 2017 Exotic and Sports Car segments". www.carsalesbase.com. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  4. ^ "European sales 2014 Coupe segment". www.carsalesbase.com. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  5. ^ "European sales 2014 Convertible segment". www.carsalesbase.com. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2019.

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