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Roccagorga

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Roccagorga
Comune di Roccagorga
Roccagorga Panorama - panoramio.jpg
Location of Roccagorga
Roccagorga is located in Italy
Roccagorga
Roccagorga
Location of Roccagorga in Italy
Roccagorga is located in Lazio
Roccagorga
Roccagorga
Roccagorga (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°32′N 13°9′E / 41.533°N 13.150°E / 41.533; 13.150Coordinates: 41°32′N 13°9′E / 41.533°N 13.150°E / 41.533; 13.150
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceLatina (LT)
Government
 • MayorDmenico Talani
Area
 • Total24.49 km2 (9.46 sq mi)
Elevation
287 m (942 ft)
Population
 (31 August 2022)[2]
 • Total4,132
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
DemonymRocchigiani (archaic: Roccagorgàni)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
04010
Dialing code0773
WebsiteOfficial website

Roccagorga is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Latina in the Italian region Lazio, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Rome and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of Latina.

Roccagorga borders the following municipalities: Carpineto Romano, Maenza, Priverno, Sezze.

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Comune

Comune

The comune is a local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. It is the third-level administrative division of Italy, after regions (regioni) and provinces (province). The comune can also have the title of città ('city').

Province of Latina

Province of Latina

The Province of Latina is an area of local government at the level of province in the Republic of Italy. It is one of five provinces that form the region of Lazio. The provincial capital is the city of Latina. It is bordered by the provinces of Frosinone to the north-east and by the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital to the north-west.

Italy

Italy

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, in Southern Europe; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region. Italy is also considered part of Western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital and largest city, the country covers a total area of 301,230 km2 (116,310 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland, Campione. With over 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.

Lazio

Lazio

Lazio or Latium is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy. Situated in the central peninsular section of the country, it has 5,864,321 inhabitants – making it the second most populated region of Italy – and its GDP of more than €197 billion per year means that it has the nation's second largest regional economy. The capital of Lazio is Rome, which is also the capital and largest city of Italy.

Rome

Rome

Rome is the capital city of Italy. It is also the capital of the Lazio region, the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, and a special comune named Comune di Roma Capitale. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), Rome is the country's most populated comune and the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome, with a population of 4,355,725 residents, is the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Its metropolitan area is the third-most populous within Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city. Rome is often referred to as the City of Seven Hills due to its geographic location, and also as the "Eternal City". Rome is generally considered to be the "cradle of Western civilization and Christian culture", and the centre of the Catholic Church.

Latina, Lazio

Latina, Lazio

Latina is the capital of the province of Latina in the Lazio region, in central Italy. As of 2011, the city has 126,612 inhabitants and is the second-largest city of the region, after the national capital Rome. It was founded in 1932 under the fascist administration, as Littoria, when the area surrounding it which had been a swamp since antiquity was drained.

Carpineto Romano

Carpineto Romano

Carpineto Romano is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Rome in the Italian region Lazio, located about 60 kilometres southeast of Rome.

Maenza

Maenza

Maenza is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Latina in the Italian region Lazio, located about 70 km (43 mi) southeast of Rome and about 25 km (16 mi) east of Latina. It is home to a castle, originally built as a watchtower in the 12th-13th centuries, and enlarged in the 16th century. In an effort to bring in new residents, it is selling abandoned houses for €1 if buyers commit to renovations.

Priverno

Priverno

Priverno is a town, comune in the province of Latina, Lazio, central Italy. It was called Piperno until 1927.

Sezze

Sezze

Sezze is a town and comune in the Province of Latina, central Italy, about 65 kilometres (40 mi) south of Rome and 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the Mediterranean coast. The historical center of Sezze is located on a high hill commanding the Pontine plain.

Physical geography

The terrain is primarily hilly and mountainous with a soil rich in calcium. This helps provide a year-round supply of water to the area. The climate is mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Agriculture in the area focuses on the growing of olives, as favoured by the mediterranean climate, the calcareous soil and the southern exposure of the hillsides.

History

Roccagorga is situated on Monte Nero, a hill in the southern Lepini mountains. Its origins date back to the aftermath of the destruction of Privernum in 796 AD although it was not until the Middle Ages that it began to develop on the second peak of Gorga, around the old Castle. It is named after the matron Gorga who, according to legend, settled on Monte Nero along with the Privernati refugees.

Roccagorga Massacre

The church of Santi Leonardo e Erasmo overlooking the Piazza VI Gennaio.
The church of Santi Leonardo e Erasmo overlooking the Piazza VI Gennaio.

On 6 January 1913, the Savoy Agricultural Society organised a demonstration by impoverished inhabitants of the town to protest against the local tax system and the inadequate sanitation situation. The original demonstration in Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, the main square in the village passed without incident. However, when a group of participants, including several women went to the offices of the society to get an Italian tricolour, the Carabinieri took offense. When they stepped forward to confiscate the flag from the woman carrying it, the demonstrators came to her assistance. Scuffles broke out and some demonstrators started throwing stones. The Army opened fire and killed 7 inhabitants of Roccagorga, with a further 23 non-fatal casualties. The Prime Minister, Giovanni Giolitti, then declared that the revolt was so serious that large-scale arrests were required. Benito Mussolini was the editor of Avanti, the left-wing newspaper of the Italian Socialist Party. He wrote an article entitled "State Assassination" in which he denounced the repression.[3] He continued to mount a press campaign against the government, but was then arrested and tried for provoking the soldiers to disobedience and insulting the army. However, he was acquitted by the jury.[4] The piazza was subsequently renamed Piazza VI Gennaio (6 January square) to commemorate the event.[3]

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Carabinieri

Carabinieri

The Carabinieri are the national gendarmerie of Italy who primarily carry out domestic and foreign policing duties. It is one of Italy's main law enforcement agencies, alongside the Polizia di Stato and the Guardia di Finanza. As with the Guardia di Finanza but in contrast to the Polizia di Stato, the Carabinieri are a military force. As the fourth branch of the Italian Armed Forces, they come under the authority of the Ministry of Defence; for activities related to inland public order and security, they functionally depend on the Ministry of the Interior. In practice, there is a significant overlap between the jurisdiction of the Polizia di Stato and Carabinieri, although both of them are contactable through 112, the European Union's Single Emergency number. Unlike the Polizia di Stato, the Carabinieri have responsibility for policing the military, and a number of members regularly participate in military missions abroad.

Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician and journalist who founded and led the National Fascist Party. He was Prime Minister of Italy from the March on Rome in 1922 until his deposition in 1943, and "Duce" of Italian Fascism from the establishment of the Italian Fasces of Combat in 1919 until his execution in 1945 by Italian partisans. As dictator of Italy and principal founder of fascism, Mussolini inspired and supported the international spread of fascist movements during the inter-war period.

Avanti! (newspaper)

Avanti! (newspaper)

Avanti! is an Italian daily newspaper, born as the official voice of the Italian Socialist Party, published since 25 December 1896. It took its name from its German counterpart Vorwärts, the party-newspaper of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

Italian Socialist Party

Italian Socialist Party

The Italian Socialist Party was a socialist and later social-democratic political party in Italy, whose history stretched for longer than a century, making it one of the longest-living parties of the country.

Main sights

Source: "Roccagorga", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roccagorga.

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References
  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ a b Di Pietrantonio, Luciano (5 January 2013). "6 gennaio 1913: l'eccidio di Roccagorga nel basso Lazio". Abitare A Roma (in Italian). Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  4. ^ Archer, Jules (2017). Twentieth-Century Caesar: Benito Mussolini: The Dramatic Story of the Rise and Fall of a Dictator. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-5107-0703-0.
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