|Comune di Roccagorga|
|• Mayor||Dmenico Talani|
|• Total||24.49 km2 (9.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||287 m (942 ft)|
(31 August 2022)
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Demonym||Rocchigiani (archaic: Roccagorgàni)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The terrain is primarily hilly and mountainous with a soil rich in calcium. This helps provide a year-round supply of water to the area. The climate is mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Agriculture in the area focuses on the growing of olives, as favoured by the mediterranean climate, the calcareous soil and the southern exposure of the hillsides.
Roccagorga is situated on Monte Nero, a hill in the southern Lepini mountains. Its origins date back to the aftermath of the destruction of Privernum in 796 AD although it was not until the Middle Ages that it began to develop on the second peak of Gorga, around the old Castle. It is named after the matron Gorga who, according to legend, settled on Monte Nero along with the Privernati refugees.
On 6 January 1913, the Savoy Agricultural Society organised a demonstration by impoverished inhabitants of the town to protest against the local tax system and the inadequate sanitation situation. The original demonstration in Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, the main square in the village passed without incident. However, when a group of participants, including several women went to the offices of the society to get an Italian tricolour, the Carabinieri took offense. When they stepped forward to confiscate the flag from the woman carrying it, the demonstrators came to her assistance. Scuffles broke out and some demonstrators started throwing stones. The Army opened fire and killed 7 inhabitants of Roccagorga, with a further 23 non-fatal casualties. The Prime Minister, Giovanni Giolitti, then declared that the revolt was so serious that large-scale arrests were required. Benito Mussolini was the editor of Avanti, the left-wing newspaper of the Italian Socialist Party. He wrote an article entitled "State Assassination" in which he denounced the repression. He continued to mount a press campaign against the government, but was then arrested and tried for provoking the soldiers to disobedience and insulting the army. However, he was acquitted by the jury. The piazza was subsequently renamed Piazza VI Gennaio (6 January square) to commemorate the event.
Discover more about Roccagorga Massacre related topics
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- Di Pietrantonio, Luciano (5 January 2013). "6 gennaio 1913: l'eccidio di Roccagorga nel basso Lazio". Abitare A Roma (in Italian). Retrieved 12 November 2020.
- Archer, Jules (2017). Twentieth-Century Caesar: Benito Mussolini: The Dramatic Story of the Rise and Fall of a Dictator. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-5107-0703-0.
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