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Red Bull Air Race World Championship

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Red Bull Air Race World Championship
CategoryAir Racing
CountryInternational
Inaugural season2003
Folded2019
Official websiteWorld Championship Air Race

The World Championship Air Race is a series of air races sanctioned by the World Air Sports Federation (FAI). Originally established in 2003 as the Red Bull Air Race, and created by Red Bull GmbH, the event involves competitors navigating a challenging obstacle course in the fastest time. Pilots fly individually against the clock and have to complete tight turns through a slalom course consisting of pylons, known as "Air Gates".

The races are held mainly over water near cities, but are also held at airfields or natural wonders. They are accompanied by a supporting program of show flights. Races are usually flown on weekends with the first day for qualification then knockout finals the day after. The events attract large crowds and are broadcast, both live and taped, in many nations.

At each venue, the top eight places earn World Championship points. The air racer with the most points at the end of the Championship becomes Red Bull Air Race World Champion.

After a three-year hiatus for safety improvements and reorganisation, the Air Race resumed in 2014.[1][2]

In May 2019 Red Bull announced the cancellation of the Red Bull Air Race after 2019 and the shortening of the 2019 race calendar to four races.

In February 2021, the FAI announced a new promoter will revive the FAI-sanctioned air racing series in 2022, the World Championship Air Race. World Championship Air Race intends to change race aircraft with sustainable fuels, electric drivetrains and electric Vertical Take-off and Landing (eVTOL) airplanes from 2024 (the third season). The contract is for fifteen years.[3]

Alternative lighter aircraft racing events involving soft wing aircraft such as the Parabatix Sky Racers are following in the footsteps of the Red Bull air race while paving a new direction for a different kind of air race with more emphasis on ground-skimming precision flying and out-of-cockpit pilot interaction.

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History

Action at Kemble Airport, Gloucestershire, England in June 2004
Action at Kemble Airport, Gloucestershire, England in June 2004

The Red Bull Air Race was conceived in 2001 in the Red Bull sports think-tank which has been responsible for creating a range of new sports events across the world. The aim was to develop a new aviation race that would challenge the ability of the world's best pilots, creating a race in the sky that was not simply about speed, but also precision and skill. The answer was to build a specially designed obstacle course which the pilots would navigate at high speeds.

Development of the prototypes of what are now known as the 'Air Gates' began in 2002 and renowned Hungarian pilot Péter Besenyei successfully completed the first test flight through them. After two years in planning and development, the first official Red Bull Air Race was ready to take off in Zeltweg, Austria in 2003. A second was staged the same year near Budapest in Hungary.

In 2004, three races took place in Kemble (England), Budapest (Hungary) and Reno (USA). The series was expanded in 2005 to become the Red Bull Air Race World Series. Ten pilots competed in seven races around the world – Mike Mangold was crowned the champion with Péter Besenyei and Kirby Chambliss in second and third place respectively. Eight races took place in 2006 with 11 pilots competing. Kirby Chambliss was crowned the champion for the Series' second season. In 2007 the calendar was extended to include ten races with the first race on South American soil taking place in Rio de Janeiro. Mike Mangold reclaimed the title of Red Bull Air Race World Champion 2007.[4] 12 pilots took part in 2008 in eight races around the globe and Austrian pilot Hannes Arch became the first European to win the championship. The largest number of pilots so far took part in six races in 2009. 15 pilots from 12 different countries competed for the world championship title, this time with Brit Paul Bonhomme coming out on top, after coming so close the previous two years.[5]

In the 2010 series, during training runs prior to the race, Brazilian pilot Adilson Kindlemann crashed his plane into the Swan River in Perth. Rescuers were on site within seconds and Kindlemann was rushed to Royal Perth Hospital where it was determined that he had suffered no serious injury. As of 2014, it is the only crash in the history of the Red Bull Air Race.[6]

2011, 2012 and 2013 series cancelled

The 2011 series of races worldwide was cancelled. The decision was taken by Red Bull on 27 July 2010 to allow for a "headquarters" restructure as well as the implementation of new safety measures.

The 2012 series was also cancelled; "There will be no races in 2012, that’s true," said Red Bull Air Race Team spokesperson Nadja Zele in an email message to AOPA. "A revamped concept and a fixed race calendar will be revealed in 2013."[7][8]

Eventually, the 2013 series was cancelled as well. However, in October 2013, it was announced that the Red Bull Air Race World Championship would return in 2014.[9][10] Training for the upcoming season took place at Olney airport in Texas.[11] The Championship finally returned in Abu Dhabi on 28 February 2014.

Revival with New Promoter in 2022

With dwindling corporate interest, Red Bull decided not to continue the Red Bull Air Race World Championship beyond the 2019 season.[12]

In February 2021, the World Air Sports Federation announced a new promoter, Willie Cruickshank, and his Air Race World Championship organisation. The series intends to begin in 2022.

In February 2022, the first race of the new series was announced when Air Race announced they had signed a 3 year deal with Indonesia. Other host cities are expected to be announced in the coming weeks.

For 2022, the World Championship Air Race would've been hosted in Jakarta, Indonesia on October 14–16, 2022 among other rounds on the planned calendar.[13] However, the 2022 season was cancelled due to COVID and the current economic situation.

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Cotswold Airport

Cotswold Airport

Cotswold Airport is a private general aviation airport, near the village of Kemble in Gloucestershire, England. Located 4.5 NM southwest of Cirencester, it was built as a Royal Air Force (RAF) station and was known as RAF Kemble. The Red Arrows aerobatics team was based there until 1983. Today it is used for the storage and recycling of retired airliners, as well as flying schools, clubs, and industry.

Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn and the entire Forest of Dean.

Péter Besenyei

Péter Besenyei

Péter Besenyei is a Hungarian aerobatics pilot and world champion air racer.

Austria

Austria

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, lying in the Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine states, one of which is the capital, Vienna, the most populous city and state. Austria is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The country occupies an area of 83,871 km2 (32,383 sq mi) and has a population of 9 million.

Budapest

Budapest

Budapest is the capital and most populous city of Hungary. It is the ninth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits and the second-largest city on the Danube river; the city has an estimated population of 1,752,286 over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest, which is both a city and county, forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786; it is a primate city, constituting 33% of the population of Hungary.

Hungary

Hungary

Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) of the Carpathian Basin, it is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Hungary has a population of 9.7 million, mostly ethnic Hungarians and a significant Romani minority. Hungarian, the official language, is the world's most widely spoken Uralic language and among the few non-Indo-European languages widely spoken in Europe. Budapest is the country's capital and largest city; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs, and Győr.

Kemble, Gloucestershire

Kemble, Gloucestershire

Kemble is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold District of Gloucestershire, England. Historically part of Wiltshire, it lies 4 miles (6.4 km) from Cirencester and is the settlement closest to Thames Head, the source of the River Thames. At the 2011 census it had a population of 1,036.

England

England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest and the Celtic Sea area of the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro, or simply Rio, is the capital of the state of the same name, Brazil's third most populous state, and the second most populous city in Brazil, after São Paulo. Listed by the GaWC as a beta global city, Rio de Janeiro is the sixth most populous city in the Americas. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.

Hannes Arch

Hannes Arch

Hannes Arch was an Austrian pilot who competed in the Red Bull Air Race World Championship from 2007 to 2016. Arch won the World Championship in the 2008 season.

Perth

Perth

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is the fourth most populous city in Australia and Oceania, with a population of 2.1 million living in Greater Perth in 2020. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with most of the metropolitan area on the Swan Coastal Plain between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The city has expanded outward from the original British settlements on the Swan River, upon which the city's central business district and port of Fremantle are situated. Perth is located on the traditional lands of the Whadjuk Noongar people, where Aboriginal Australians have lived for at least 45,000 years.

Royal Perth Hospital

Royal Perth Hospital

Royal Perth Hospital (RPH) is a 450-bed adult and teaching hospital located on the northeastern edge of the central business district of Perth, Western Australia.

Format

In earlier seasons, 2005 and 2006, pilots first ran two qualifying rounds to determine starting order, with the fastest time starting last. The race was then run over two rounds, and the combined time of both rounds determines the winner. Starting in 2007, a new knock-out format was introduced which was modified for 2008.

Flying sessions

  • Training: Takes place on the days preceding Qualifying Day. There are two training days each consisting of two training sessions. Pilots must take part in at least two mandatory training sessions. Time of final training session (training 4) determines the starting order for Qualifying.
  • Qualifying: Takes place on Qualifying Day, the day before Race Day. Includes two mandatory qualifying sessions. Best time counts.
  • Round of 14: Takes place on Race Day. The fastest seven from each heat and the fastest loser compete for a place in the Round of 8. Results in the Round of 14 determine 9th to 14th place race positions.
  • Round of 8: Eight fastest from Round of 14 compete in the Round of 8. The fastest four pilots from each heat advance to the Final 4. Results in the Super 8 determine 5th to 8th place race positions.
  • Final 4: Four fastest from the Super 8 compete in the Final 4 for 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th place race positions.[14]

Starting order

2006 champion, Kirby Chambliss, crossing the Quadro in the prescribed knife-edge flight in Perth, 2006
2006 champion, Kirby Chambliss, crossing the Quadro in the prescribed knife-edge flight in Perth, 2006

The starting order is the order in which the pilots will race in each flying session. The starting order for Training is defined by the results of the last year's Red Bull Air Race World Championship standings. The highest ranking pilot starts first. Starting order for new race pilots is determined by a draw. The starting order for Qualifying is defined by the results of the fourth training session. The order is reversed so that the slowest pilot from the fourth training session starts first. The starting order for all sessions on Race Day is determined by the results in Qualifying. The order is reversed so that the slowest pilot from Qualifying starts first.[14]

World Championship points

Based on the pilot's place at each race, World Championship points are awarded. The current points scoring format see first place receive 25 points, second place receive 22, on through thirteenth who receives one.

Position 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th
Points 25 22 20 18 14 13 12 11 5 4 3 2 1 0

Rules

Pilots are required to complete the 5–6-kilometre-long (3.1–3.7 mi) track and fly between the Air Gates following a predetermined race track configuration. Failure to do this correctly results in penalty seconds being added to their race time. Penalty seconds can be added for an incorrect passing of an Air Gate or passing an Air Gate at an incorrect orientation. For more serious breaches of the rules, pilots may be ruled as "Did Not Finish" or disqualified.[14]

Three different gate types require a specific manner of crossing. Double cone gates must be crossed in level flight, single cone gates must be crossed in a 90° angle, and slalom flying through the chicane gates (knife or level flying not mandatory).[14]

Penalties are incurred for violations of the rules, as follows.[15][16]

3 second penalty

  • Hitting a gate (1st time)
  • Hitting a gate (2nd time)

2 second penalty

A plane slices through a pylon, resulting in a penalty
A plane slices through a pylon, resulting in a penalty
  • Flying too high, through or over an Air Gate
  • Incorrect level (at an angle) crossing through an Air Gate

1 second penalty

  • Insufficient or no smoke

Did Not Finish

  • Deviating from course
  • Exceeding 200 knots (370 km/h; 230 mph) when crossing the Start Gate
  • Aircraft weight below 698 kilograms (1,539 lb) after the race
  • Exceeding 10g for more than 0.6 seconds[17]
  • Exceeding maximum load factor of 12g[18]
  • Hitting a gate (3rd time)

Disqualification

  • Uncontrolled movements or flight
  • Close to ground pull-up from descent
  • Crossing safety line
  • Negative g-turn around a pylon
  • Flying below 15 metres (49 ft) between Air Gates
  • Flying into clouds
  • Entering course at an angle exceeding 45 degrees
  • Ignoring Race Director commands

Aircraft

The competitors use high-performance aerobatic planes such as the Zivko Edge 540, MXS-R, and the Corvus Racer 540, equipped with Lycoming engines.[19] All aircraft have a wingspan less than 7.6 metres (25 ft) and top speeds ranging from 406 to 426 km/h (252 to 265 mph).

Competitors have tuned their aircraft for better performance. However, the safety implications of engine or airframe failures mean that performance tuning by individual teams, though commonly done in motorsports, is strictly limited in scope.

Each aircraft carries a TL elektronic TL-3424_EXT accelerometer. It transmits timing and speed data which is picked up and displayed on large spectator screens.

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Air Gates

Péter Besenyei crossing between the start/finish pylons in Perth, 2008. The grey horizontal stripes in the pylons, e.g. below the checkered designs, are zippers.
Péter Besenyei crossing between the start/finish pylons in Perth, 2008. The grey horizontal stripes in the pylons, e.g. below the checkered designs, are zippers.

The air gates are made up of one or two pylons, each approximately 25 metres (82 ft) high, and spaced 10 to 15 metres (33 to 49 ft) apart depending on the gate.[19]

The first prototype pylon was developed by Martin Jehart of Bellutti Protection Systems, an Austrian engineering firm specializing in the manufacturing of technical materials and tarpaulin. They initially used a latex balloon for crash tests and aerodynamic studies and after many tests and research settled on the use of a combination of different materials, the crucial component being spinnaker ripstop nylon, an extremely lightweight and flexible material used for making sails for boats. This would prove to be a breakthrough in the development of the Air Gates producing a pylon that would rip instantaneously when hit by a plane. Over 70 tests of the pylon were carried out on the ground using a car with a wing strapped on the roof before they were ready to undergo tests with a real plane. Eight different cars were used in these tests as well as a trailer and truck. Hungarian pilot, Péter Besenyei worked closely with the team and attempted the first deliberate pylon hit in early 2003 with positive results. The first Air Gates, which were cylindrical, were finally ready to be used at the very first Red Bull Air Races held in Austria and Hungary later that year.

The Air Gates play a vital role in the Red Bull Air Race, but must also fulfill complex and contradictory demands. They have to be delicate enough to burst apart the instant they are touched by an aircraft and sturdy enough to remain stationary in all weather conditions, including stormy weather and strong winds. The early cylindrical pylons fulfilled the first criterion but proved to be too unstable in the wind.

The answer came in 2004 with the cone design. These Air Gates measure 5 metres (16 ft) across the base and .75 metres (2.5 ft) at their tip. Inside the Air Gate a relatively high, and carefully monitored, pressure level is maintained with the use of powerful electrical, petrol-powered blowers that help keep the Air Gates steady even in windy conditions. Over the years the Air Gate design has developed and improved and today's Air Gates can withstand wind speeds of up to 60 km/h (37 mph) without being blown over. Their stability is further reinforced with 12 ground attachments, each strong enough to hold 1,200 kilograms (2,600 lb). For races over water, the Air Gates are secured to a floating barge which has stability anchors.[20]

Unlike early models, the current structures are made up of six sections attached together by zippers and Velcro to allow quick replacement if damaged by a plane. Prior to May 2008, the races had used more than eight tons of fabric for the various pylons, and the average life of each pylon was 15 races. Thirty-five pylons are transported to each race, and at each race's completion, the pylons are sent to Innsbruck, Austria to be repaired.[21]

If a pylon is hit by the plane, it is designed to break apart, preventing it from harming the plane and pilot. The damaged parts of the pylon are replaced by course personnel nicknamed "Air Gators". It usually takes a few minutes to replace a pylon. The record for the setup of a replacement pylon is 1 minute 30 seconds, set in 2007.[21]

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Tarpaulin

Tarpaulin

A tarpaulin or tarp is a large sheet of strong, flexible, water-resistant or waterproof material, often cloth such as canvas or polyester coated with polyurethane, or made of plastics such as polyethylene. Tarpaulins often have reinforced grommets at the corners and along the sides to form attachment points for rope, allowing them to be tied down or suspended.

Latex

Latex

Latex is an emulsion of polymer microparticles in water. Latexes are found in nature, but synthetic latexes are common as well.

Wind speed

Wind speed

In meteorology, wind speed, or wind flow speed, is a fundamental atmospheric quantity caused by air moving from high to low pressure, usually due to changes in temperature. Wind speed is now commonly measured with an anemometer.

Barge

Barge

Barge nowadays generally refers to a flat-bottomed inland waterway vessel which does not have its own means of mechanical propulsion. The first modern barges were pulled by tugs, but nowadays most are pushed by pusher boats, or other vessels. The term barge has a rich history, and therefore there are many other types of barges.

Anchor

Anchor

An anchor is a device, normally made of metal, used to secure a vessel to the bed of a body of water to prevent the craft from drifting due to wind or current. The word derives from Latin ancoracode: lat promoted to code: la , which itself comes from the Greek ἄγκυραcode: ell promoted to code: el .

Zipper

Zipper

A zipper, zip, fly, or zip fastener, formerly known as a clasp locker, is a commonly used device for binding together two edges of fabric or other flexible material. Used in clothing, luggage and other bags, camping gear, and many other items, zippers come in a wide range of sizes, shapes, and colors. In 1892, Whitcomb L. Judson, an American inventor from Chicago, patented the original design from which the modern device evolved.

Velcro

Velcro

Velcro, officially known as Velcro IP Holdings LLC and trading as Velcro Companies, is a British privately held company, founded by Swiss electrical engineer George de Mestral in the 1950s. It is the original manufacturer of hook-and-loop fasteners, which de Mestral invented.

Champions

Elite/Master Class

Season Champion Second Third Fourth
2003 Hungary Péter Besenyei Germany Klaus Schrodt United States Kirby Chambliss Lithuania Jurgis Kairys
2004 United States Kirby Chambliss Hungary Péter Besenyei United Kingdom Steve Jones Germany Klaus Schrodt
2005 United States Mike Mangold Hungary Péter Besenyei United States Kirby Chambliss Germany Klaus Schrodt
2006 United States Kirby Chambliss Hungary Péter Besenyei United States Mike Mangold United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme
2007 United States Mike Mangold United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme Hungary Péter Besenyei United States Kirby Chambliss
2008 Austria Hannes Arch United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme United States Kirby Chambliss United States Mike Mangold
2009 United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme Austria Hannes Arch Australia Matt Hall United States Kirby Chambliss
2010 United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme Austria Hannes Arch United Kingdom Nigel Lamb United States Kirby Chambliss
2011–2013: not held
2014 United Kingdom Nigel Lamb Austria Hannes Arch United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme France Nicolas Ivanoff
2015 United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme Australia Matt Hall Austria Hannes Arch Czech Republic Martin Šonka
2016 Germany Matthias Dolderer Australia Matt Hall Austria Hannes Arch United Kingdom Nigel Lamb
2017 Japan Yoshihide Muroya Czech Republic Martin Šonka Canada Pete McLeod United States Kirby Chambliss
2018 Czech Republic Martin Šonka Australia Matt Hall United States Michael Goulian France Mikaël Brageot
2019 Australia Matt Hall Japan Yoshihide Muroya Czech Republic Martin Šonka Canada Pete McLeod

Challenger Class

Season Champion Points leader
2014 Czech Republic Petr Kopfstein France François Le Vot
2015 France Mikaël Brageot France Mikaël Brageot
2016 Germany Florian Bergér Germany Florian Bergér
2017 Germany Florian Bergér Germany Florian Bergér
2018 Poland Luke Czepiela Germany Florian Bergér
2019 Germany Florian Bergér Germany Florian Bergér

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List of Red Bull Air Race World Championship winners

List of Red Bull Air Race World Championship winners

The Red Bull Air Race World Championship, established in 2003 and created by Red Bull GmbH, was an international series of air races in which entrants compete to navigate a challenging obstacle course in the fastest time. Pilots flew individually against the clock and were required to complete tight turns through a slalom course consisting of inflatable pylons, known as "Air Gates". The races were held mainly over water near cities, but were also held at airfields or natural wonders. Races were usually flown on weekends with the first day for qualification then knockout finals the day after. The events attracted large crowds and are broadcast, both live and in highlights, in many nations. At each venue, the top ten places earned World Championship points. The air racer with the most points at the end of the Championship became Red Bull Air Race World Champion. After a three-year hiatus from 2011 for safety improvements and reorganisation, the Air Race resumed in 2014.

2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the 1st Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It started on June 28, 2003 and ended on August 20.

Hungary

Hungary

Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) of the Carpathian Basin, it is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Hungary has a population of 9.7 million, mostly ethnic Hungarians and a significant Romani minority. Hungarian, the official language, is the world's most widely spoken Uralic language and among the few non-Indo-European languages widely spoken in Europe. Budapest is the country's capital and largest city; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs, and Győr.

Péter Besenyei

Péter Besenyei

Péter Besenyei is a Hungarian aerobatics pilot and world champion air racer.

Germany

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. It is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; it covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), with a population of around 84 million within its 16 constituent states. Germany borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation's capital and most populous city is Berlin and its main financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Klaus Schrodt

Klaus Schrodt

Klaus Schrodt is a German aviator who formerly raced in the Red Bull Air Race World Series. Before joining the series, Schrodt was an airline pilot and yachtsman.

Kirby Chambliss

Kirby Chambliss

Kirby Chambliss is an American world champion aerobatic and air race pilot who raced in the Red Bull Air Race World Series under the Red Bull brand.

Lithuania

Lithuania

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. It is one of three Baltic states and lies on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. Lithuania shares land borders with Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Russia to the southwest. It has a maritime border with Sweden to the west on the Baltic Sea. Lithuania covers an area of 65,300 km2 (25,200 sq mi), with a population of 2.8 million. Its capital and largest city is Vilnius; other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians belong to the ethno-linguistic group of the Balts and speak Lithuanian, one of only a few living Baltic languages.

Jurgis Kairys

Jurgis Kairys

Jurgis Kairys is a Lithuanian aerobatic pilot and aeronautical engineer. He has won many awards for his flying and has invented several maneuvers, including the "Kairys Wheel." He helped develop the Sukhoi Su-26, -29, and -31 aerobatic aircraft, and also has manufactured his own aerobatic aircraft, called the "Juka."

2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the second Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It debuted on June 20, 2004 and ended on September 18.

Steve Jones (aviator)

Steve Jones (aviator)

Steve Jones is a British airline and aerobatics pilot who competed in the Red Bull Air Race World Series, flying a Zivko Edge 540. He is now the championship's head judge.

2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the third Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It began on April 8, 2005 and ended on October 8.

Most wins

As of 8 September 2019, up to and including the race of Chiba.

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Austria

Austria

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, lying in the Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine states, one of which is the capital, Vienna, the most populous city and state. Austria is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The country occupies an area of 83,871 km2 (32,383 sq mi) and has a population of 9 million.

Hannes Arch

Hannes Arch

Hannes Arch was an Austrian pilot who competed in the Red Bull Air Race World Championship from 2007 to 2016. Arch won the World Championship in the 2008 season.

Kirby Chambliss

Kirby Chambliss

Kirby Chambliss is an American world champion aerobatic and air race pilot who raced in the Red Bull Air Race World Series under the Red Bull brand.

Hungary

Hungary

Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) of the Carpathian Basin, it is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Hungary has a population of 9.7 million, mostly ethnic Hungarians and a significant Romani minority. Hungarian, the official language, is the world's most widely spoken Uralic language and among the few non-Indo-European languages widely spoken in Europe. Budapest is the country's capital and largest city; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs, and Győr.

Japan

Japan

Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, and Taiwan in the south. Japan is a part of the Ring of Fire, and spans an archipelago of 14,125 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Australia

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.

Matt Hall (pilot)

Matt Hall (pilot)

Matt Hall is a third-generation pilot, a former Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) fighter combat instructor, international unlimited aerobatic competitor and the first Australian to be selected to compete in the Red Bull Air Race World Championship, starting in 2009. He won the championship in the final season of Red Bull Air Race in 2019.

Czech Republic

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Historically known as Bohemia, it is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the southeast. The Czech Republic has a hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,871 square kilometers (30,452 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental and oceanic climate. The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec.

Martin Šonka

Martin Šonka

Martin Šonka is a Czech aerobatics (unlimited) and a former fighter pilot in the Czech Air Force. He has raced in Red Bull Air Race World Championship since 2010, becoming the World Champion in the 2018 Red Bull Air Race World Championship season.

France

France

France, officially the French Republic, is a country located primarily in Western Europe. It also includes overseas regions and territories in the Americas and the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, giving it one of the largest discontiguous exclusive economic zones in the world. Its metropolitan area extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea; overseas territories include French Guiana in South America, Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the North Atlantic, the French West Indies, and many islands in Oceania and the Indian Ocean. Its eighteen integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) and had a total population of over 68 million as of January 2023. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre; other major urban areas include Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, Bordeaux, and Nice.

Germany

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. It is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; it covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), with a population of around 84 million within its 16 constituent states. Germany borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation's capital and most populous city is Berlin and its main financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Matthias Dolderer

Matthias Dolderer

Matthias Dolderer is a German professional race pilot. He is the 2016 champion of the Red Bull Air Race.

Pilots

Elite/Master Class

Country Pilot Races entered in each year Total
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
 Austria Hannes Arch 10 8 6 6 8 8 6 52
 Hungary Péter Besenyei 2 3 7 8 10 8 6 6 8 8 66
 Chile Cristian Bolton 1 8 8 4 21
 United Kingdom Paul Bonhomme 2 3 7 8 10 8 6 6 8 8 66
 France Mikaël Brageot 8 8 4 20
 United States Kirby Chambliss 1 3 7 8 10 8 6 6 8 8 7 8 8 4 92
 South Africa Glen Dell 8 6 14
 Germany Matthias Dolderer 6 6 8 8 7 8 8 4 55
 United States Michael Goulian 1 8 10 8 6 6 8 8 7 8 8 4 82
 Australia Matt Hall 6 5 8 8 7 8 8 4 54
 France Nicolas Ivanoff 2 7 8 10 8 6 6 8 8 7 8 8 4 90
 United Kingdom Steve Jones 2 3 7 8 10 8 38
 Lithuania Jurgis Kairys 2 2
 Brazil Adilson Kindlemann 1 1
 Czech Republic Petr Kopfstein 7 8 8 4 27
 United Kingdom Nigel Lamb 3 8 10 8 6 6 8 8 7 64
 France François Le Vot 8 7 8 8 4 35
 Spain Alejandro Maclean 2 2 7 8 10 8 6 6 49
 United States Mike Mangold 1 7 8 10 8 6 40
 United States David Martin 1 1
 Canada Pete McLeod 6 6 8 8 7 8 8 4 55
 Japan Yoshihide Muroya 6 5 8 8 7 8 8 4 54
 United Kingdom Ben Murphy 8 4 12
 Slovenia Peter Podlunšek 7 8 15
 Russia Sergey Rakhmanin 10 8 6 6 30
 Germany Klaus Schrodt 2 3 7 8 10 30
 Czech Republic Martin Šonka 6 8 8 7 8 8 4 49
 Spain Juan Velarde 8 7 8 8 4 35
 Netherlands Frank Versteegh 3 7 8 10 28

Discover more about Pilots related topics

2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the 1st Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It started on June 28, 2003 and ended on August 20.

2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the second Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It debuted on June 20, 2004 and ended on September 18.

2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the third Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It began on April 8, 2005 and ended on October 8.

2006 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2006 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2006 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the fourth Red Bull Air Race season and second as a World Championship. It began on March 18, 2006, and ended on November 19.

2007 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2007 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2007 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the fifth Red Bull Air Race World Series season.

2008 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2008 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2008 Red Bull Air Race World Series season was the sixth Red Bull Air Race World Series season. The 2008 champion was Hannes Arch, who won the series for the first time.

2009 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2009 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2009 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the seventh official Red Bull Air Race World Championship series. The 2009 champion was Paul Bonhomme, who won the series for the first time.

2010 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2010 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2010 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the eighth official Red Bull Air Race World Championship series. Paul Bonhomme became champion for the second successive year, finishing each of the six rounds of the championship in the top three placings, two of which were victories. Hannes Arch was the only other round winner, taking four victories but finished four points behind Bonhomme, after an eleventh-place finish in the season-opener in the United Arab Emirates. Nigel Lamb finished third with three runner-up placings, and three fourth places.

2014 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2014 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2014 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the ninth season of Red Bull Air Race World Championship, and the first since 2010.

2015 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2015 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2015 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the tenth Red Bull Air Race World Championship series, contested over eight events in seven countries held between February and October.

2016 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2016 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2016 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the eleventh Red Bull Air Race World Championship series.

2017 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2017 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2017 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the twelfth Red Bull Air Race World Championship series.

Race locations

Country Location Rounds in
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
 Australia Swan River, Perth 9th 12th 9th 2nd
 Austria Zeltweg Air Base 1st 3rd
Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 8th 6th 2nd
Wiener Neustadt 6th
 Brazil Rio de Janeiro 2nd 3rd
 Canada Windsor, Ontario 3rd 4th
 China Beijing 10
 Croatia Rovinj 2nd 3rd
 France Cannes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 2nd
 Germany Berlin 3rd
EuroSpeedway Lausitz 6th 6th 7th
 Hungary River Danube, Budapest 2nd 2nd 6th 6th 8th 7th 4th 7th6 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd
 Ireland Rock of Cashel 4th
 Japan Makuhari, Chiba 2nd 3rd 3rd 3rd 4th
 Malaysia Putrajaya Lake, Putrajaya 3rd
 Mexico Acapulco, Guerrero 11th1
 Netherlands Erasmusbrug, Rotterdam 2nd 5th
 Poland Gdynia 4th
 Portugal River Douro, Porto 9th 8th 5th 6th
Lisbon 8th7
 Russia St. Petersburg 4th2
Sochi 11
Kazan 5th 5th 2nd
 Spain Barcelona 2nd 5th3 6 6th
 Switzerland Interlaken, Bern 6th
 Sweden Stockholm 4th4
 Turkey Golden Horn, Istanbul 5th 4th
 United Arab Emirates Mina' Zayid, Abu Dhabi 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
 United Kingdom Longleat 5th 7th
Kemble 1st
River Thames, London 7th 6th
Ascot Racecourse, Ascot 5th 5th 5th
 United States Monument Valley, Arizona/Utah 3rd
Reno, Nevada 3rd
San Diego, California 10th 2nd 2nd 2nd
San Francisco, California 7th 8th
Detroit, Michigan 3rd
New York City/Jersey City 5th9
Texas Motor Speedway, Fort Worth 6th 7th 8th
Indianapolis Motor Speedway 7th 8th 7th
Las Vegas 7th 8th 8th5
  • 1 The 11th round of the 2007 season in Acapulco, Mexico was cancelled.
  • 2 The 4th round of the 2006 season in St. Petersburg, Russia was cancelled.
  • 3 The 5th round of the 2007 season in Barcelona, Spain was cancelled.
  • 4 The 4th round of the 2008 season in Stockholm, Sweden was cancelled.
  • 5 The season finale of the 2016 season in Las Vegas, United States was cancelled.
  • 6 Race in Spain was cancelled.
  • 7 Cancelled
  • 8 Cancelled
  • 9 Race location was Liberty State Park in Jersey City.
  • 10 Race in China was cancelled. Replaced by Austria.
  • 11 Race in Russia was cancelled. Replaced by Croatia.

Discover more about Race locations related topics

2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2003 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the 1st Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It started on June 28, 2003 and ended on August 20.

2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2004 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the second Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It debuted on June 20, 2004 and ended on September 18.

2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2005 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the third Red Bull Air Race World Series season. It began on April 8, 2005 and ended on October 8.

2006 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2006 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2006 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the fourth Red Bull Air Race season and second as a World Championship. It began on March 18, 2006, and ended on November 19.

2007 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2007 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2007 Red Bull Air Race World Series was the fifth Red Bull Air Race World Series season.

2008 Red Bull Air Race World Series

2008 Red Bull Air Race World Series

The 2008 Red Bull Air Race World Series season was the sixth Red Bull Air Race World Series season. The 2008 champion was Hannes Arch, who won the series for the first time.

2009 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2009 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2009 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the seventh official Red Bull Air Race World Championship series. The 2009 champion was Paul Bonhomme, who won the series for the first time.

2010 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2010 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2010 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the eighth official Red Bull Air Race World Championship series. Paul Bonhomme became champion for the second successive year, finishing each of the six rounds of the championship in the top three placings, two of which were victories. Hannes Arch was the only other round winner, taking four victories but finished four points behind Bonhomme, after an eleventh-place finish in the season-opener in the United Arab Emirates. Nigel Lamb finished third with three runner-up placings, and three fourth places.

2014 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2014 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2014 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the ninth season of Red Bull Air Race World Championship, and the first since 2010.

2015 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2015 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2015 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the tenth Red Bull Air Race World Championship series, contested over eight events in seven countries held between February and October.

2016 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2016 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2016 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the eleventh Red Bull Air Race World Championship series.

2017 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

2017 Red Bull Air Race World Championship

The 2017 Red Bull Air Race World Championship was the twelfth Red Bull Air Race World Championship series.

In video games

Discover more about In video games related topics

PlayStation Home

PlayStation Home

PlayStation Home was a virtual 3D social gaming platform developed by Sony Computer Entertainment's London Studio for the PlayStation 3 (PS3) on the PlayStation Network (PSN). It was accessible from the PS3's XrossMediaBar (XMB). Membership was free but required a PSN account. Upon installation, users could choose how much hard disk space they wished to reserve for Home. Development of the service began in early 2005 and it launched as an open beta on 11 December 2008. Home remained as a perpetual beta until its closure on 31 March 2015.

IPod Touch

IPod Touch

The iPod Touch is a discontinued line of iOS-based mobile devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. with a touchscreen-controlled user interface. As with other iPod models, the iPod Touch can be used as a portable media player and a handheld gaming device, but can also be used as a digital camera, a web browser and for messaging. It is similar in design to the iPhone, and can run most iPhone third-party apps from the App Store, but it connects to the Internet only through Wi-Fi and does not use cellular network data, so it is not a smartphone.

IPhone

IPhone

The iPhone is a line of smartphones produced by Apple Inc. which uses Apple's own iOS mobile operating system. The first-generation iPhone was announced by then-Apple CEO Steve Jobs on January 9, 2007. Since then, Apple has annually released new iPhone models and iOS updates. As of November 1, 2018, more than 2.2 billion iPhones had been sold. As of 2022, the iPhone accounts for 15.6% of global smartphone market share.

Slightly Mad Studios

Slightly Mad Studios

Slightly Mad Studios Ltd. is a British video game developer based in London. Founded in 2009, it is best known for the Project CARS series of racing games that it developed from 2015 until the series' discontinuation in 2022. Codemasters acquired Slightly Mad Studios in 2019 and was itself acquired by Electronic Arts in 2021.

Source: "Red Bull Air Race World Championship", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 2nd), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Bull_Air_Race_World_Championship.

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References
  1. ^ Miller, Alyssa (December 2013). "Pilot Briefing: Red Bull Air Race returns". AOPA Pilot: 36.
  2. ^ "Red Bull Air Race World Championship returns!". Red Bull. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  3. ^ "FAI agrees partnership with World Championship Air Race for new global series". FAI.org. 24 February 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  4. ^ "History of the Red Bull Air Race". Red Bull Air Race World Championship. Press Kit Perth 2008: 9. October 2008.
  5. ^ "History of the Red Bull Air Race". Newsroom, Red Bull Air Race GmbH. 10 January 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
  6. ^ "Red Bull Plane Crashes into River". TheWest.com.au. 15 April 2010. Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  7. ^ Red Bull Air Race cancelled worldwide
  8. ^ City of Windsor, Ontario's website - Mayor Eddie Francis laments cancellation of 2011 Red Bull Air Races
  9. ^ Jason Paur. "Crazy Red Bull Air Races Returning to the Skies in 2014" Wired (magazine), 9 October 2013. Accessed: 3 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Red Bull Air Race World Championship eyes 2014 return". Archived from the original on 10 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Pilots train for Red Bull Air Race" 25 October 2013. Accessed: 3 November 2013. Photos and videos
  12. ^ "Red Bull Air Race Not To Continue Beyond The 2019 Season". Red Bull Air Race. Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Multi year Host City Agreement just signed in Indonesia which will see us racing in Jakarta 14-16 October 2022, Bali in 2023 and Lake Toba in 2024". World Championship Air Race.
  14. ^ a b c d "The Rules". Red Bull Air Race World Championship 2009. General Press Kit: 14–15. 2009.
  15. ^ "How to Race". Red Bull Air Race Magazine (1): 28. 2014.
  16. ^ http://www.redbullairrace.com/en_US/article/rule-recap-mangold
  17. ^ http://www.redbullairrace.com/en_GB/article/you-have-be-g-limit-or-youre-too-slow
  18. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ a b Lingo, Penny (1 May 2008). "Speed racers". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 3 May 2008.
  20. ^ "The Air Gates". Red Bull Air Race World Championship. Press Kit Perth 2008: 27–28. October 2008.
  21. ^ a b "Behind the Scenes: Air Gates". Red Bull Air Race Magazine: 32–35. May 2008.
  22. ^ CydoniaX (7 January 2009). "PlayStation Home Content Update Coming This Week". SCE. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
External links
  • [1] – Official website

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