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Recreate Greece

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Recreate Greece (Greek: Δημιουργία, Ξανά, romanizedDimiourgia, Xana, pronounced [ðimiurˈɣiɐ ksɐˈnɐ], lit.'Create, again') is a Greek far-right[10][11] political party, which has adopted an ideology heavily focused on anti-immigration,[12] anti-Islam[13][14] and anti-communism.[15][16]

History

Founded in December 2011,[17][18] it is led by Thanos Tzimeros[19][20] and is self-identified as a citizen-centered political movement,[21] with emphasis on the rebuilding of the Greek state.[22][23]

The party participated in the May 2012 Greek legislative election shortly after being founded, receiving 2.15% of the total vote, short of the 3% threshold needed to enter Parliament.[24][25] In the repeat elections in June, it formed an electoral alliance with Drasi, a fellow liberal party that had finished directly below them in the May election[26] with 1.8% of the vote.[27] Recreate Greece also approached Democratic Alliance,[28] but the latter opted to run on the New Democracy list instead.[29] In the 17 June 2012 elections, the combined parties garnered only 1.59%, a lower vote than either got in the elections the month before.[30] Drasi would later merge with New Democracy, while Recreate Greece declined further, receiving 0.53% in the 2015 election and 0.74% in 2019. In 2020, Thanos Tzimeros announced a new coaliation with far-right politician Failos Kranidiotis,[31] which was later merged with a new party formed by Greek conservative MP Constantinos Bogdanos, and named National Creation.

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May 2012 Greek legislative election

May 2012 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 6 May 2012 to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament. It was regular scheduled to be held in late 2013, four years after the previous election; however, an early election was stipulated in the coalition agreement of November 2011 which formed the Papademos Cabinet. The coalition comprised both of Greece's traditional major political parties, PASOK on the left and New Democracy (ND) on the right, as well as the right-wing Popular Orthodox Rally (LAOS). The aim of the coalition was to relieve the Greek government-debt crisis by ratifying and implementing decisions taken with other Eurozone countries and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) a month earlier.

Hellenic Parliament

Hellenic Parliament

The Hellenic Parliament, also known as the Parliament of the Hellenes, the Hellenic Bouleterion or Greek Parliament, is the unicameral legislature of Greece, located in the Old Royal Palace, overlooking Syntagma Square in Athens. The parliament is the supreme democratic institution that represents the citizens through an elected body of Members of Parliament (MPs).

June 2012 Greek legislative election

June 2012 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 17 June 2012, to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament in accordance with the constitution, after all attempts to form a new government failed following the May elections. If all attempts to form a new government fails, the constitution directs the president to dissolve a newly elected parliament, and then to call for new parliamentary elections within 30 days of the dissolution. The president announced at 16 May the date for the new election, and signed the formal decree to dissolve the parliament and call for the election at 19 May.

Electoral alliance

Electoral alliance

An electoral alliance is an association of political parties or individuals that exists solely to stand in elections.

Liberalism

Liberalism

Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on the rights of the individual, liberty, consent of the governed, political equality and equality before the law. Liberals espouse various views depending on their understanding of these principles. However, they generally support private property, market economies, individual rights, liberal democracy, secularism, rule of law, economic and political freedom, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom of religion. Liberalism is frequently cited as the dominant ideology of modern times.

Democratic Alliance (Greece)

Democratic Alliance (Greece)

The Democratic Alliance was a centrist neoliberal political party in Greece. It was founded on 21 November 2010 by Dora Bakoyannis, a few months after she was expelled from the centre-right party New Democracy for voting in support of a European Union-International Monetary Fund backed financial stability loan. The party's founding congress took place on 27 May 2011.

New Democracy (Greece)

New Democracy (Greece)

New Democracy is a liberal-conservative political party in Greece. In contemporary Greek politics, New Democracy has been the main centre-right political party and one of the two major parties along with its historic rival, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK). New Democracy and PASOK were created in the wake of the toppling of the military junta in 1974, and ruled Greece alternately for the next four decades. Following the electoral decline of PASOK, New Democracy remained one of the two major parties in Greece, the other being the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA).

New Democracy

New Democracy

New Democracy, or the New Democratic Revolution, is a concept based on Mao Zedong's Bloc of Four Social Classes theory in post-revolutionary China which argued originally that democracy in China would take a path that was decisively distinct from that in any other country. He also said every colonial or semi-colonial country would have its own unique path to democracy, given that particular country's own social and material conditions. Mao labeled representative democracy in the Western nations as Old Democracy, characterizing parliamentarianism as just an instrument to promote the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie/land-owning class through manufacturing consent. He also found his concept of New Democracy in contrast with the Soviet-style dictatorship of the proletariat which he assumed would be the dominant political structure of a post-capitalist world. Mao spoke about how he wanted to create a New China, a country freed from the feudal and semi-feudal aspects of its old culture as well as Japanese imperialism.

September 2015 Greek legislative election

September 2015 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 20 September 2015, following Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras' announced resignation on 20 August. At stake were all 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament. This was a snap election, the sixth since 2007, since new elections were not due until February 2019.

2019 Greek legislative election

2019 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on 7 July 2019. All 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament were contested.

Failos Kranidiotis

Failos Kranidiotis

Failos (Garoufail) Kranidiotis is a Greek far-right politician, lawyer and columnist, chairman of the political party New Right.

National Creation

National Creation

National Creation is a Greek political alliance, founded in 2022, and is a coalition formed between Recreate Greece, New Right, and, formerly, National Agreement.

Ideology and leadership

Originally, the party's ideology has been referred to as classical liberalism and that it used to promote neoliberal ideas of free markets and small government. Because of his involvement for over a decade, it is widely believed that the party's leader Thanos Tzimeros shapes the party's ideology.[32] His speeches and beliefs have changed over the years, shifting the party further to the right.[33][34] He has been described as extreme or far-right.[10] Tzimeros has described the Greek Communist Party as dangerous and that it must be outlawed,[35] whilst he compares it to neo-Nazism.[36] In some cases, he even expressed controversial opinions about the Greek National Resistance being a historical crime.[37][38] He tends to have controversial views on migration, which have been described as racist, and often proclaims that Islam is a threat.[13][39][40]

Other notable incidents include Tzimeros' calls to overthrow the government in June 2015 which led to a criminal investigation.[41]

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Far-right politics

Far-right politics

Far-right politics, also referred to as the extreme right or right-wing extremism, are politics further on the right of the left–right political spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of being radically conservative, ultra-nationalist, and authoritarian, as well as having nativist ideologies and tendencies.

Communist Party of Greece

Communist Party of Greece

The Communist Party of Greece is a Marxist–Leninist political party in Greece. Founded in 1918 as the Socialist Labour Party of Greece and adopted its current name in November 1924. It is the oldest political party in modern Greek politics. The party was banned in 1936, but played a significant role in the Greek resistance and the Greek Civil War, and its membership peaked in the mid-1940s. Legalization of the KKE was restored following the fall of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.

Neo-Nazism

Neo-Nazism

Neo-Nazism comprises the post–World War II militant, social, and political movements that seek to revive and reinstate Nazi ideology. Neo-Nazis employ their ideology to promote hatred and racial supremacy, attack racial and ethnic minorities, and in some cases to create a fascist state.

Islam

Islam

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion centred primarily around the Quran, a religious text considered by Muslims to be the direct word of God as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main and final Islamic prophet. It is the world's second-largest religion behind Christianity, with its followers ranging between 1-1.8 billion globally, or around a quarter of the world's population. Due to the average younger age and higher fertility rate, Islam is the world's fastest growing major religious group, and is projected by Pew Research Center to be the world's largest religion by the end of the 21st century, surpassing that of Christianity. It teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through various prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs, with the Quran serving as the final and universal revelation and Muhammad serving as the "Seal of the Prophets". The teachings and practices of Muhammad documented in traditional collected accounts provide a secondary constitutional model for Muslims to follow after the Quran.

Election results

Hellenic Parliament

Election Leader Votes % Seats Rank
May 2012 Thanos Tzimeros 135.965 2,15%
0 / 300
11th
June 2012 Thanos Tzimeros 98.061
1,59%
(with Drassi and Liberal Alliance)
0 / 300
8th
September 2015 Thanos Tzimeros 28.936 0,53%
0 / 300
13th
July 2019 Thanos Tzimeros 41.647 0,74%
0 / 300
10th

European Parliament

Year Leader Votes % Seats Rank Group
2014 Thanos Tzimeros 51.749
0,91%
(with Drassi)
0 / 21
13th ALDE

Discover more about Election results related topics

May 2012 Greek legislative election

May 2012 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 6 May 2012 to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament. It was regular scheduled to be held in late 2013, four years after the previous election; however, an early election was stipulated in the coalition agreement of November 2011 which formed the Papademos Cabinet. The coalition comprised both of Greece's traditional major political parties, PASOK on the left and New Democracy (ND) on the right, as well as the right-wing Popular Orthodox Rally (LAOS). The aim of the coalition was to relieve the Greek government-debt crisis by ratifying and implementing decisions taken with other Eurozone countries and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) a month earlier.

June 2012 Greek legislative election

June 2012 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 17 June 2012, to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament in accordance with the constitution, after all attempts to form a new government failed following the May elections. If all attempts to form a new government fails, the constitution directs the president to dissolve a newly elected parliament, and then to call for new parliamentary elections within 30 days of the dissolution. The president announced at 16 May the date for the new election, and signed the formal decree to dissolve the parliament and call for the election at 19 May.

Drassi

Drassi

Drassi was a liberal political party in Greece. The party was founded in 2009 by Stefanos Manos and was led by former New Democracy member Theodoros Skylakakis. The party had no representation in the Hellenic Parliament or European Parliament. Drassi was a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) party.

Liberal Alliance (Greece)

Liberal Alliance (Greece)

The Liberal Alliance is a liberal political party in Greece, founded in February 2007. Its stated purpose is to cover the political ground between what it considers to constitute a conservative New Democracy and the socialist PASOK.

September 2015 Greek legislative election

September 2015 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 20 September 2015, following Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras' announced resignation on 20 August. At stake were all 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament. This was a snap election, the sixth since 2007, since new elections were not due until February 2019.

2019 Greek legislative election

2019 Greek legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Greece on 7 July 2019. All 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament were contested.

2014 European Parliament election in Greece

2014 European Parliament election in Greece

European Parliament elections were held in Greece on 25 May 2014 to elect the 21 Greek members of the European Parliament. The number of seats allocated to Greece declined from 22 to 21, as a result of the 2013 reapportionment of seats in the European Parliament.

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group

The Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe was the liberal–centrist political group of the European Parliament from 2004 until 2019. It was made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

Source: "Recreate Greece", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recreate_Greece.

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References
  1. ^ a b c Η δεξιά του νεοφιλελευθερισμού
  2. ^ Θάνος Τζήμερος: Ένας γνήσιος εκφραστής του νεοφιλελευθερισμού
  3. ^ 2012 Greek (2nd) Parliamentary Post-Election Report
  4. ^ Τζημεροδεξιά
  5. ^ Το μέτωπο του παραλόγου
  6. ^ Εποχή - Εκλογικό αποτύπωμα και εμφωλευμένη άκρα δεξιά της Βασιλικής Γεωργιάδου
  7. ^ Οι ακροδεξιές απόψεις του Θάνου Τζήμερου: Ονειρεύεται μετανάστες - οικονομικούς σκλάβους!
  8. ^ https://www.amadeu-antonio-stiftung.de/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/ESOH-LOCKED-FINAL.pdf
  9. ^ The counselors of the Regions.
  10. ^ a b Mulhall, Joe (2021). State of Hate: Far Right Extremism in Europe. Amadeu Antonio Stiftung.
  11. ^ Vamvakas, Vasilis (25 November 2020). "Social Media and the Institutionalization of Hate Speech in Greek Politics". Crisis' Representations: Frontiers and Identities in the Contemporary Media Narratives. Brill. pp. 48–63. doi:10.1163/9789004439559_004. ISBN 978-90-04-43955-9. S2CID 242343115.
  12. ^ Grammenos, Athanasios; Institut, Visio (29 January 2020). "Greek New Right and Eve of Conservative Populism". 4Liberty.eu. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b Law, Ian; Easat-Daas, Amina; Merali, Arzu; Sayyid, S., eds. (2019). Countering Islamophobia in Europe. Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-16260-3. ISBN 978-3-030-16259-7. S2CID 214422445.
  14. ^ Bayrakli, Enes (2020). European Islamophobia Report 2019. SETA. ISBN 978-625-7040-52-5.
  15. ^ Porčnik, Tanja (2019). Europe: Liberalism vs Authoritarianism. Visio institut.
  16. ^ Ellis, Tom. "The next government, the center and the far-right | eKathimerini.com". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  17. ^ Dimiourgia Xana - Idrytiki Diakyriksi
  18. ^ Real Politics - Archives
  19. ^ Thanos Tzimeros - CV
  20. ^ Capital.gr - Δημιουργία Ξανά...
  21. ^ TVXS - Dimiourgia Xana
  22. ^ Bayerisches Fernsehen
  23. ^ BBC news
  24. ^ Ημερησία online (article in greek)
  25. ^ Έθνος (article in greek)
  26. ^ "Parties forge alliances ahead of June vote". Kathimerini. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  27. ^ "Αποτελέσματα Εκλογών". newsbeast.gr. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  28. ^ "Leader of liberal Drasi sees ND and PASOK disappearing". Kathimerini. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  29. ^ "Bakoyannis returns to ND fold". Kathimerini. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  30. ^ official election results
  31. ^ "Μαζί στις εκλογές Δημιουργία Ξανά και Νέα Δεξιά | LiberalGr". www.liberal.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  32. ^ Λώρη, Κέζα (30 May 2012). "Τζημεροδεξιά". Ειδήσεις - νέα - Το Βήμα Online (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Ζυμώσεις στα δεξιά της ΝΔ προαναγγέλλει κι επίσημα ο Θάνος Τζήμερος". HuffPost Greece (in Greek). 27 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  34. ^ "The networks and narratives of anti-refugee disinformation in Europe". ISD Global.
  35. ^ tvxs.gr (3 October 2021). "Αντικομμουνισμός για τρεις και το κόμμα Μπογδάνου". TVXS - TV Χωρίς Σύνορα (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Απαράδεκτες δηλώσεις Τζήμερου: Συγκρίνει τον Κουτσούμπα με παιδόφιλο serial killer | Το Κουτί της Πανδώρας". www.koutipandoras.gr (in Greek). 9 September 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  37. ^ Twitter https://twitter.com/thanostzimeros/status/911108523077054465. Retrieved 11 November 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ "Η Εθνική Αντίσταση, ο Τζήμερος και μία οφειλόμενη απάντηση (pic) | PLUS by gazzetta". www.gazzetta.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  39. ^ Η απειλή του Ισλάμ - #AskTzimeros 21/05/2018, retrieved 11 November 2021
  40. ^ Capital.gr. "Πλατεία Μωάμεθ, πρώην Τραφάλγκαρ". Capital.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  41. ^ Clapp, Alexander (10 July 2015). "Europe Didn't Win". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
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