Provinces of Brazil
On February 28, 1821, the provinces were established in the Kingdom of Brazil (then part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves), superseding the captaincies that were in place at the time.
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Provinces of 1821
|Alagoas Province||1817||Capitania de Alagoas split from the Capitania de Pernambuco|
|Cisplatina Province||1821||Banda Oriental (present-day Uruguay) annexed by the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and incorporated into the Kingdom of Brazil under the name of Província Cisplatina.)|
|Espírito Santo Province||1534|
|Goiás Province||1744||Capitania Geral de Goiás split from Capitania Geral de São Paulo|
|Mato Grosso Province||1748|
|Minas Gerais Province||1720|
|Piaui Province||1718||Split from the Estado do Maranhão as the Capitania do Piauí|
|Rio de Janeiro Province||1565|
|Rio Grande do Norte Province||1530||created as the Capitania do Rio Grande|
|Santa Catarina Province||1738||Capitania de Santa Catarina split from the Capitania de São Paulo|
|São Paulo Province||1720||Capitania de São Paulo split from the Capitania de São Paulo e Minas de Ouro|
|São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul Province||1760|
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Changes from 1821-1889
The captaincies of Brazil are renamed provinces.
The present-day Uruguay is occupied by the Portuguese Army and incorporated in Brazil as its Cisplatine Province.
Independence of Brazil, with the provinces becoming provinces of the Empire of Brazil.
The last Brazilian provinces that remained loyal to the Portuguese Government in Lisbon adhere to the Empire of Brazil.
Cisplatina Province became the independent state of Uruguay.
The city of Rio de Janeiro, the imperial capital, was removed from the Province of Rio de Janeiro, and was included in the Neutral Municipality. At the same time, the capital of the Province of Rio de Janeiro was transferred to Niterói.
In 1889 the Empire of Brazil became the Republic of the United States of Brazil and the provinces became states. The Neutral Municipality that included the city of Rio de Janeiro l became the Federal District.
Discover more about Changes from 1821-1889 related topics
Portuguese colonization of the Americas
Federative units of Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (state)
Amazonas (Brazilian state)
Empire of Brazil
Viceroyalty of Brazil
Captaincies of Brazil
List of mayors of Rio de Janeiro
United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
Independence of Brazil
Portuguese conquest of the Banda Oriental
Irineu Evangelista de Sousa, Viscount of Mauá
State of Brazil
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