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Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri Malaysia
ڤردان منتري مليسيا
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
Office-of-Prime-Minister-Of-Malaysia.png
Emblem of the Prime Minister's Office
Anwar Ibrahim (cropped 1).jpg
Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
StylePrime Minister
(informal)
Yang Amat Berhormat
(formal)
The Right Honourable
(within the Commonwealth)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
Member of
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Perdana, Putrajaya
SeatPerdana Putra, Putrajaya
AppointerYang di-Pertuan Agong
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holderTunku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957; 65 years ago (1957-08-31)
SalaryRM22,826.65[1]
Websitewww.pmo.gov.my

The prime minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia; Jawi: ڤردان منتري مليسيا) is the head of government of Malaysia. The prime minister directs the executive branch of the federal government. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints as the prime minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs; this person is usually the leader of the party winning the most seats in a general election.

After the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the chief minister of the Federation of Malaya, became the first prime minister of Malaysia.

Discover more about Prime Minister of Malaysia related topics

Malay language

Malay language

Malay is an Austronesian language that is an official language of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, and that is also spoken in East Timor and parts of the Philippines and Thailand. Altogether, it is spoken by 290 million people across Maritime Southeast Asia.

Head of government

Head of government

The head of government is either the highest or the second-highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other government who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. In diplomacy, "head of government" is differentiated from "head of state" although in some countries, for example the United States, they are the same person.

Malaysia

Malaysia

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital, largest city and the seat of the legislative branch of the federal government. The nearby planned capital of Putrajaya is the administrative capital, which represents the seat of both the executive branch and the judicial branch of the federal government. With a population of over 32 million, Malaysia is the world's 45th-most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia is in Tanjung Piai. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, home to numerous endemic species.

Government of Malaysia

Government of Malaysia

The Government of Malaysia, officially the Federal Government of Malaysia, is based in the Federal Territory of Putrajaya with the exception of the legislative branch, which is located in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia is a federation comprising the 11 States of Malaya, the Borneo States of Sabah and Sarawak, and 3 Federal Territories operating within a constitutional monarchy under the Westminster system and is categorised as a representative democracy. The federal government of Malaysia adheres to and is created by the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the supreme law of the land.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head of the Federation, the Paramount Ruler or simply as the Agong, and unofficially as the King of Malaysia, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected by the Conference of Rulers, comprising the nine rulers of the Malay states, with the office de facto rotated between them, making Malaysia one of the world's few elective monarchies.

Elections in Malaysia

Elections in Malaysia

Elections in Malaysia include elections to public office of the political entities that since 1963 have composed the federation of Malaysia. At present, elections in Malaysia exist at two levels: federal level and state level. Federal level elections are those for membership in the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of Parliament, while state level elections are for membership in the various State Legislative Assemblies. The heads of executive branch at both the federal and state levels, the Prime Minister and Menteri Besar/Chief Ministers respectively, are indirectly elected, usually filled by a member of the majority party/coalition in the respective legislatures.

Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah was a Malaysian statesman and lawyer who served as the 1st Prime Minister of Malaysia and the head of government of its predecessor states from 1955 to 1970. He was the first chief minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955 to 1957. He supervised the independence process that culminated on 31 August 1957. As Malaya's first prime minister he dominated politics there for the next 13 years. In 1963, he successfully incorporated the Federation of Malaya, British North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore into the state of Malaysia. However, tensions between the Malay and Chinese communities resulted in Singapore's expulsion in 1965. His poor performance during race riots in Kuala Lumpur in 1969 led to his resignation in 1970. Commonly known simply as "Tunku", Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and of the formation of Malaysia. As such, he is often referred to as Father of Independence or Father of Malaysia.

Federation of Malaya

Federation of Malaya

The Federation of Malaya was a federation of what previously had been British Malaya comprising eleven states that existed from 1 February 1948 until 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957, and in 1963, Malaysia was formed when the federation united with the Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak Crown Colonies.

Appointment

The prime minister's office at Perdana Putra, Putrajaya
The prime minister's office at Perdana Putra, Putrajaya

According to the Federal Constitution, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall first appoint a prime minister to preside over the Cabinet. The prime minister is to be a member of the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives), and who in his majesty's judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of that House. This person must be a Malaysian citizen, but cannot have obtained their citizenship by means of naturalisation or registration. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall appoint other ministers from either the Dewan Rakyat or Dewan Negara (Senate) with the prime minister's advice.

The prime minister and his cabinet ministers must take and subscribe to the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy in the presence of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong before they can exercise functions of office. The Cabinet is collectively accountable to the Parliament of Malaysia. The members of the Cabinet shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause a conflict of interest. The Prime Minister's Department (sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister's Office) is the body and ministry in which the prime minister exercises his/her functions and powers.

In the case where a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the House of Representatives, or when the House passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the prime minister is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong's choice of replacement prime minister will be dictated by the circumstances. All other ministers shall continue to hold office by the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless if the appointment of any minister is revoked by his majesty upon the advice of the prime minister. Any minister may resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeat in an election, or the death of a prime minister, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong would generally appoint as the new leader of the governing party or coalition as new Prime Minister.

Malaysia uses first-past-the-post-voting system, which means a party or coalition who gets 112 seats in lower house will lead the government.[2]

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Perdana Putra

Perdana Putra

The Perdana Putra is a building in Putrajaya, Malaysia which houses the office complex of the Prime Minister of Malaysia. Located on the main hill in Putrajaya, it has become synonymous with the executive branch of the Malaysian federal government.

Putrajaya

Putrajaya

Putrajaya, officially the Federal Territory of Putrajaya, is a planned capital city which functions as the administrative capital and the judicial capital of Malaysia. The seat of the federal government of Malaysia was moved in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya because of overcrowding and congestion in the former, whilst the seat of the judiciary of Malaysia was later moved to Putrajaya in 2003. Kuala Lumpur remains as Malaysia's national capital city per the constitution and is still the seat of the head of state and the national legislature, as well as being the country's commercial and financial centre.

Constitution of Malaysia

Constitution of Malaysia

The Federal Constitution of Malaysia which came into force in 1957, is the supreme law of Malaysia and contains a total of 183 articles. It is a written legal document influenced by two previous documents, the Federation of Malaya Agreement 1948 and the Independence Constitution of 1957. The Federation was initially called the Federation of Malaya and it adopted its present name, Malaysia, when the states of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore became part of the Federation. The Constitution establishes the Federation as a constitutional monarchy, having the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the Head of State with largely ceremonial roles. It provides for the establishment and organisation of three main branches of the government: the bicameral legislative branch called the Parliament, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate ; the executive branch led by the Prime Minister and his Cabinet Ministers and the judicial branch headed by the Federal Court.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head of the Federation, the Paramount Ruler or simply as the Agong, and unofficially as the King of Malaysia, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected by the Conference of Rulers, comprising the nine rulers of the Malay states, with the office de facto rotated between them, making Malaysia one of the world's few elective monarchies.

Cabinet of Malaysia

Cabinet of Malaysia

The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of the Government of Malaysia. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Federal Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to serve even while serving as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign from office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Dewan Rakyat

Dewan Rakyat

The Dewan Rakyat is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament, the federal legislature of Malaysia. The chamber and its powers are established by Article 44 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Dewan Rakyat sits in the Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur, along with the Dewan Negara, the upper house.

Dewan Negara

Dewan Negara

The Dewan Negara is the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of 70 senators of whom 26 are elected by the state legislative assemblies, with two senators for each state, while the other 44 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), including four who are appointed to represent the federal territories.

Parliament of Malaysia

Parliament of Malaysia

The Parliament of Malaysia is the national legislature of Malaysia, based on the Westminster system. The bicameral parliament consists of the Dewan Rakyat and the Dewan Negara. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), as the head of state, is the third component of Parliament.

Conflict of interest

Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another. Typically, this relates to situations in which the personal interest of an individual or organization might adversely affect a duty owed to make decisions for the benefit of a third party.

Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia)

Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia)

The Prime Minister's Department is a federal government ministry in Malaysia. Its objective is "determining the services of all divisions are implemented according to policy, legislation / regulations and current guidelines". It is headed by the Prime Minister of Malaysia followed by other Minister in the Prime Minister's Department. The Department consists of the Prime Minister's Office, the Deputy Prime Minister's Office and more than 50 other government agencies and entities. The Prime Minister's Department was established on July 1957. Its headquarters are in Perdana Putra, Putrajaya.

Appropriation (law)

Appropriation (law)

In law and government, appropriation is the act of setting apart something for its application to a particular usage, to the exclusion of all other uses.

Powers

The power of the prime minister is subject to a number of limitations. Prime ministers removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the House of Representatives, must advise a new election of the lower house or resign the office. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Parliament, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The prime minister's party will normally have a majority in the House of Representatives and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Malaysian politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the House of Representatives is mostly a formality.

Under the Constitution, the prime minister's role includes advising the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on:

  • the appointment of the federal ministers (full members of cabinet);
  • the appointment of the federal deputy ministers, parliamentary secretaries (non-full members of cabinet);
  • the appointment of 44 out of 70 Senators in the Dewan Negara;
  • the summoning and adjournment of sittings of the Dewan Rakyat;
  • the appointment of judges of the superior courts (which are the High Courts, the Court of Appeal, and the Federal Court);
  • the appointment of the attorney-general and the auditor-general; and
  • the appointment of the chairmen and members of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, Election Commission, Police Force Commission, Education Service Commission, National Finance Council, and Armed Forces Council;

Under Article 39 of the Constitution, executive authority is vested in the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. However, Article 40(1) states that in most cases, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is bound to exercise his powers on the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. Thus, most of the day-to-day work of governing is actually done by the prime minister and the Cabinet.

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Malaysian federal budget

Malaysian federal budget

In Malaysia, federal budgets are presented annually by the Government of Malaysia to identify proposed government revenues and spending and forecast economic conditions for the upcoming year, and its fiscal policy for the forward years. The federal budget includes the government's estimates of revenue and spending and may outline new policy initiatives. Federal budgets are usually released in October, before the start of the fiscal year. All of the Malaysian states also present budgets. Since state finances are dependent on money from the federal government, these budgets are usually released after the federal one.

Parliament

Parliament

In modern politics, and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems, even where it is not in the official name.

Loss of supply

Loss of supply

Loss of supply occurs where a government in a parliamentary democracy using the Westminster System or a system derived from it is denied a supply of treasury or exchequer funds, by whichever house or houses of parliament or head of state is constitutionally entitled to grant and deny supply. A defeat on a budgetary vote is one way by which supply can be denied. Loss of supply is typically interpreted as indicating a loss of confidence in the government. Not all "money bills" are necessarily supply bills. For instance, in Australia, supply bills are defined as "bills which are required by the Government to carry on its day-to-day business".

Dewan Negara

Dewan Negara

The Dewan Negara is the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of 70 senators of whom 26 are elected by the state legislative assemblies, with two senators for each state, while the other 44 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), including four who are appointed to represent the federal territories.

Dewan Rakyat

Dewan Rakyat

The Dewan Rakyat is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament, the federal legislature of Malaysia. The chamber and its powers are established by Article 44 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Dewan Rakyat sits in the Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur, along with the Dewan Negara, the upper house.

Election Commission of Malaysia

Election Commission of Malaysia

The Election Commission of Malaysia, abbreviated SPR or EC, is a commission set up for ensuring fair and equitable operations in undertaking the elections in Malaysia. Its establishment is mandated by executive order of the former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. The agency falls under the purview of the Prime Minister's Department.

Malaysian Armed Forces Council

Malaysian Armed Forces Council

The Malaysian Armed Forces Council is a Malaysian military body established under Article 137 of the Constitution of Malaysia and is the constitutional body responsible for the command, discipline and administration of Malaysia's armed forces. It is composed of the following members;The Minister of Defence. One member appointed by the Conference of Rulers. The Chief of the Armed Forces Staff, who is appointed by the King of Malaysia. The Secretary General of Defence. Two senior staff officers of the army, appointed by the King. A senior officer of the navy, appointed by the King. A senior officer of the air force, appointed by the King. Up to two other members, appointed by the King.

Acting prime minister

From time to time, prime ministers are required to leave the country on business and a deputy is appointed to take their place during that time. In the days before jet aeroplanes, such absences could be for extended periods. However, the position can be fully decided by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the King of Malaysia when the position remains empty following the sudden resignation or death of the prime minister.

Caretaker prime minister

Under Article 55(3) of Constitution of Malaysia, the lower house of Parliament, unless sooner dissolved by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong with his own discretion on the advice of the prime minister, shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. Article 55(4) of the Constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and Parliament shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one Parliament and the convening of the next, the prime minister and the cabinet remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

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Constitution of Malaysia

Constitution of Malaysia

The Federal Constitution of Malaysia which came into force in 1957, is the supreme law of Malaysia and contains a total of 183 articles. It is a written legal document influenced by two previous documents, the Federation of Malaya Agreement 1948 and the Independence Constitution of 1957. The Federation was initially called the Federation of Malaya and it adopted its present name, Malaysia, when the states of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore became part of the Federation. The Constitution establishes the Federation as a constitutional monarchy, having the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the Head of State with largely ceremonial roles. It provides for the establishment and organisation of three main branches of the government: the bicameral legislative branch called the Parliament, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate ; the executive branch led by the Prime Minister and his Cabinet Ministers and the judicial branch headed by the Federal Court.

Dewan Rakyat

Dewan Rakyat

The Dewan Rakyat is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament, the federal legislature of Malaysia. The chamber and its powers are established by Article 44 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Dewan Rakyat sits in the Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur, along with the Dewan Negara, the upper house.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head of the Federation, the Paramount Ruler or simply as the Agong, and unofficially as the King of Malaysia, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected by the Conference of Rulers, comprising the nine rulers of the Malay states, with the office de facto rotated between them, making Malaysia one of the world's few elective monarchies.

Cabinet of Malaysia

Cabinet of Malaysia

The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of the Government of Malaysia. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Federal Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to serve even while serving as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign from office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Caretaker government

Caretaker government

A caretaker government is a temporary ad hoc government that performs some governmental duties and functions in a country until a regular government is elected or formed. Depending on specific practice, it usually consists of either randomly selected or approved members of parliament or outgoing members until their dismissal.

Interim prime minister

The office of interim prime minister was created by the king before the appointment of the new prime minister during the 2020 Malaysian political crisis. However, caretaker prime minister is mentioned as the cabinet tendered resignation to the king until a new prime minister is appointed.

List of prime ministers of Malaysia

Colour key (for political coalitions/parties):
  Alliance Party (2)   Barisan Nasional (6)   Pakatan Harapan (2)   Perikatan Nasional (1)

Portrait Title
Prime Minister
Office
(Lifespan)
Term of office & mandate[a]
Duration in years and days
Deputy Prime Minister
(Term in office)
Coalition
(Party)[b]
Government Parliament Monarch
(Reign)
Aankomst Prins Abdoel Rahman op Ypenburg, Bestanddeelnr 911-8186 (cropped 3to4).jpg His Highness
Tunku Abdul Rahman

تونکو عبدالرحمن
(1903–1990)
MLC for Sungei Muda, 1955–1959
MP for Kuala Kedah, 1959–1973

(Resigned)
31 August
1957
22 September
1970
1955 Abdul Razak Hussein
Walter Nash & Abdul Razak Hussein in Kuala Lumpur, 1960 (cropped).jpg
(31 August 1957–22 September 1970)
Alliance
(UMNO)
1st Cabinet
Rahman I
(1955–1959)
YdPA I
Abdul Rahman
HRH Tuanku Abdul Rahman Ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad. The Tuanku Ja'afar Royal Gallery, Seremban.jpg
(1957–1960)
1959 2nd Cabinet
Rahman II
(1959–1964)
I
YdPA II
Hisamuddin
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah (cropped).jpg
(1960–1960)
YdPA III
Putra
CO 1069-504-18 (7893276430).jpg
(1960–1965)
1964 3rd Cabinet
Rahman III
(1964–1969)
II
YdPA IV
Ismail Nasiruddin
YDP Agong 4.jpg
(1965–1970)
1969 4th Cabinet
Rahman IV
(1969–1970)
III
13 years and 23 days YdPA V
Abdul Halim
Tunku Abdul Halim and Tunku Bahiyah in henna ceremony (cropped).jpg
(1970–1975)
Ministers, ontvangsten, buitenlandse betrekkingen, Luns, JAMH, Razak Tun Abd, Bestanddeelnr 083-0834 (cropped).jpg The Most Felicitous Tun Haji
Abdul Razak Hussein

عبدالرزاق حسين
(1922–1976)
MLC for Semantan, 1955–1959
MP for Pekan, 1959–1976

(Died in office)
22 September
1970
14 January
1976
1974 Ismail Abdul Rahman
Ismail Abdul Rahman.jpeg
(22 September 1970–2 August 1973)
(Died in office)
Alliance
(UMNO)
5th Cabinet
Razak I
(1970–1974)
Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)
Position vacant
(2–13 August 1973)
Hussein Onn
Tun Hussein Onn potrait (cropped-1-closeup).jpg
(13 August 1973–15 January 1976)
6th Cabinet
Razak II
(1974–1976)
IV
5 years and 115 days YdPA VI
Yahya Petra

(1975–1979)
Tun Hussein Onn potrait (cropped-1-closeup).jpg The Most Felicitous Tun
Hussein Onn

حسين عون
(1922–1990)
MP for Johore Bahru Timor, 1971–1974
MP for Sri Gading, 1974–1981

(Resigned)
15 January
1976
16 July
1981
1978 Position vacant
(15 January–5 March 1976)
Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)
7th Cabinet
Hussein I
(1976–1978)
Mahathir Mohammad
Mahathir 1984 (cropped).jpg
(5 March 1976–16 July 1981)
8th Cabinet
Hussein II
(1978–1981)
V
YdPA VII
Ahmad Shah

(1979–1984)
5 years and 184 days
Mahathir 1984 (cropped).jpg The Most Felicitous Tun Dr.
Mahathir Mohamad

محاضير محمد
(b. 1925)
MP for Kota Star Selatan, 1964–1969
MP for Kubang Pasu, 1974–2004

(Resigned)
16 July
1981
30 October
2003
Position vacant(16–18 July 1981)
1982 Musa Hitam
Musa-hitam.jpg
(18 July 1981–16 March 1986)
Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)
9th Cabinet
Mahathir I
(1981–1982)
10th Cabinet
Mahathir II
(1982–1986)
VI
YdPA VIII
Iskandar
SI Potret 0001.jpg
(1984–1989)
1986 Position vacant
(16 March–10 May 1986)
11th Cabinet
Mahathir III
(1986–1990)
VII
Abdul Ghafar Baba
Ghafar Baba.jpg
(10 May 1986–15 October 1993)
YdPA IX
Azlan Shah
SultanAzlanShah (cropped).JPG
(1989–1994)
1990 12th Cabinet
Mahathir IV
(1990–1995)
VIII
Position vacant
(15 October–1 December 1993)
Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar 980416.jpg
(1 December 1993–2 September 1998)
YdPA X
Ja'afar
HRH Tuanku Ja'afar Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.jpg
(1994–1999)
1995 13th Cabinet
Mahathir V
(1995–1999)
IX
Position vacant
(2 September 1998–8 January 1999)
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
The Prime Minister of Malaysia Mr. Dato Seri Abdullah Haji Ahmed (cropped).jpg
(8 January 1999–31 October 2003)
14th Cabinet
Mahathir VI
(1999–2003)
X YdPA XI
Salahuddin
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo walks with His Majesty, the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia cropped.jpg
(1999–2001)
1999 YdPA XII
Sirajuddin
Sirajuddin of Perlis in 2018.jpg
(2001–2006)
22 years and 107 days
01 Badawi in Maldives (cropped).jpg The Most Felicitous Tun
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

عبدﷲ أحمد بدوي
(b. 1939)
MP for Kepala Batas, 1978–2013

(Resigned)
31 October
2003
3 April
2009
2004 Position vacant
(31 October 2003–7 January 2004)
Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)
15th Cabinet
Abdullah I
(2003–2004)
Najib Razak
Najib crop.jpg
(7 January 2004–3 April 2009)
16th Cabinet
Abdullah II
(2004–2008)
XI
YdPA XIII
Mizan Zainal Abidin
Tuanku Mizan 2011.jpg
(2006–2011)
2008 17th Cabinet
Abdullah III
(2008–2009)
XII
5 years and 155 days
Dato Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak (9to12).JPG The Respected Dato' Sri Haji
Najib Razak

نجيب رزاق
(b. 1953)
MP for Pekan, 1976–1982, 1986–2022

(Lost reelection)
3 April
2009
9 May
2018
Position vacant(3–10 April 2009)
2013 Muhyiddin Yassin
MuhyiddinUS.jpg
(10 April 2009–29 July 2015)
Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)
18th Cabinet
Najib I
(2009–2013)
Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Deputy Prime Minister Hamidi - 2017 (36294565072) (cropped) (cropped).jpg
(29 July 2015–10 May 2018)
YdPA XIV
Abdul Halim
Abdul Halim of Kedah (cropped).jpg
(2011–2016)
19th Cabinet
Najib II
(2013–2018)
XIII
YdPA XV
Muhammad V
Sultan Muhammad V 2017.jpg
(2016–2019)
9 years and 37 days
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad (9to12).jpg The Most Felicitous Tun Dr.
Mahathir Mohamad

محاضير محمد
(b. 1925)
MP for Langkawi, 2018–2022

(Resigned)
10 May
2018
24 February
2020
2018 Position vacant
(10–21 May 2018)
Pakatan Harapan
(BERSATU)
20th Cabinet
Mahathir VII
(2018–2020)
XIV
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, 2019.jpg
(21 May 2018–24 February 2020)
1 year and 291 days YdPA XVI
Abdullah
King Abdullah of Pahang at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1).jpg
(since 2019)
During this interval, the incumbent Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad was the Interim Prime Minister. (24 February–1 March 2020)
Muhyiddin Yassin (51087589446) (cropped).jpg The Honourable Tan Sri Dato' Haji
Muhyiddin Yassin

محيي الدين ياسين
(b. 1947)
MP for Pagoh, 1978–1986, since 1995

(Resigned)
1 March
2020
16 August
2021
Position vacant
(1 March 2020–7 July 2021)
Perikatan Nasional
(BERSATU)
21st Cabinet
Muhyiddin
(2020–2021)
Ismail Sabri Yaakob
Ismail Sabri Yaakob 01042022 (cropped).jpg
(7 July–16 August 2021)
1 year and 169 days
During this interval, the incumbent Prime Minister, Muhyiddin Yassin was the Caretaker Prime Minister. (16–21 August 2021)
Ismail Sabri Fumio Kishida 2022 (cropped).jpg The Honourable Dato' Sri
Ismail Sabri Yaakob

إسماعيل صبري يعقوب
(b. 1960)
MP for Bera, since 2004

(Lost reelection)
21 August
2021
24 November
2022
Position vacant
(21 August 2021–24 November 2022)
Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)
22nd Cabinet
Ismail Sabri
(2021–2022)
1 year and 96 days
Anwar Ibrahim (cropped 1).jpg The Right Honourable Dato' Seri Haji
Anwar Ibrahim

أنور إبراهيم‎
(b. 1947)
MP for Permatang Pauh, 1982–1999, 2008–2015
MP for Port Dickson, 2018–2022
MP for Tambun, since 2022

24 November
2022
Incumbent (2022) Position vacant
(since 24 November 2022)
Pakatan Harapan
(PKR)
23rd Cabinet
Anwar
(since 2022)
XV
9 days

Timeline

Anwar IbrahimIsmail Sabri YaakobMuhyiddin YassinMahathir MohamadMohd Najib Abdul RazakAbdullah Ahmad BadawiMahathir MohamadHussein OnnAbdul Razak HusseinTunku Abdul Rahman

Notes

  1. ^ Legend for mandate portion of column:
    1955
    a year
    indicates a general election won by the government or that led to the formation of a government (the year links to the election's article);
    (2022)
    a parenthesised year
    indicates an election resulting in no single party or coalition winning a parliamentary majority (the year links to the election's article);
    a dash
    indicates the formation of a majority government without an election.
  2. ^ This column names only the Prime Minister's party. The government may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Discover more about List of prime ministers of Malaysia related topics

Alliance Party (Malaysia)

Alliance Party (Malaysia)

The Alliance Party was a political coalition in Malaysia. The Alliance Party, whose membership comprised United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), was formally registered as a political organisation on 30 October 1957. It was the ruling coalition of Malaya from 1957 to 1963, and Malaysia from 1963 to 1973. The coalition became the Barisan Nasional in 1973.

Barisan Nasional

Barisan Nasional

The National Front is a political coalition of Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing political parties. It is also the third largest political coalition with 30 seats in the Dewan Rakyat after coalition Pakatan Harapan with 82 seats and the coalition Perikatan Nasional with 73 seats.

Members of the Federal Legislative Council (1955–1959)

Members of the Federal Legislative Council (1955–1959)

In 1955, a general election was held for the first time. 52 seats were contested, with the majority party earning the right to appoint seven more. In the election, the Alliance Party contested all 52 seats and won 51, while the Pan-Malayan Islamic Party won the remaining seat. Following the elections, Raja Uda Raja Muhammad was elected as the Speaker of the Council, similar to the present Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat.

List of Malaysian Parliaments

List of Malaysian Parliaments

This is a complete list of the individual parliaments of the Parliament of Malaysia.1st Parliament of the Federation of Malaya: 1959–1963 1st Malaysian Parliament: 1963–1964 2nd Malaysian Parliament: 1964–1969 3rd Malaysian Parliament: 1971–1974 4th Malaysian Parliament: 1974–1978 5th Malaysian Parliament: 1978–1982 6th Malaysian Parliament: 1982–1986 7th Malaysian Parliament: 1986–1990 8th Malaysian Parliament: 1990–1995 9th Malaysian Parliament: 1995–1999 10th Malaysian Parliament: 1999–2004 11th Malaysian Parliament: 2004–2008 12th Malaysian Parliament: 2008–2013 13th Malaysian Parliament: 2013–2018 Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 14th Malaysian Parliament: 2018–present

Kuala Kedah (federal constituency)

Kuala Kedah (federal constituency)

Kuala Kedah is a federal constituency in Kota Setar District, Kedah, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1959.

1955 Malayan general election

1955 Malayan general election

General elections were held in the Federation of Malaya on Wednesday, 27 July 1955, the only general election before independence in 1957. They were held to elect members of the Federal Legislative Council, whose members had previously been fully appointed by the British High Commissioner. Voting took place in all 52 federal constituencies, each electing one member. State elections also took place in all 136 state constituencies in nine states of Malaya and two settlements from 10 October 1954 to 12 November 1955, each electing one councillor to the State Council or Settlement Council.

Abdul Razak Hussein

Abdul Razak Hussein

Tun Haji Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussein was a Malaysian politician who served as the 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia from September 1970 until his death in January 1976. He also served as the first deputy prime minister of Malaysia from August 1957 to September 1970. He is referred to as the Father of Development.

First Rahman cabinet

First Rahman cabinet

Tunku Abdul Rahman formed the first Rahman cabinet after being invited to begin a new government following the 27 July 1955 general election in Malaysia. Upon receiving the assent of the Rulers of the Malay States, the composition of the cabinet was announced by the High Commissioner of the Federation of Malaya, Donald MacGillivray, from King's House on 4 August 1955. The cabinet was sworn on 9 August 1955, by the Chief Justice of Malaya, Prethaser.

Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan

Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan

Tuanku Sir Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad was the first Paramount Ruler or Yang di-Pertuan Agong of the Federation of Malaya, eighth Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Seri Menanti and second Yang di-Pertuan Besar of modern Negeri Sembilan.

1959 Malayan general election

1959 Malayan general election

General elections were held in the Federation of Malaya on Wednesday, 19 August 1959 for members of the first Parliament of the Federation of Malaya, the first parliamentary election in Malaya. It was the third national-wide election held in Malaya since the end of World War II. Malaya later formed Malaysia with three other states in 1963. Voting took place in all 104 parliamentary constituencies of Malaya, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. Voter turnout was 73%.

Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 1st Malayan Parliament

Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 1st Malayan Parliament

This is a list of the members of the Dewan Rakyat of the First Parliament of the Federation of Malaya, elected in 1959.

Hisamuddin of Selangor

Hisamuddin of Selangor

Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj Ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah was the second Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya from 14 April to 1 September 1960, and the sixth Sultan of Selangor between 1938–1942 and again from 1945–1960.

List of acting prime ministers of Malaysia

Colour key (for political parties):

  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional

Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Term of office Notes Political Party
Tun Abdul Razak (MY 2nd PM).jpg Abdul Razak Hussein
(1922–1976)
19 August 1959 19 November 1959 Abdul Razak Hussein was the acting prime minister after the first prime minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, stepped down as prime minister for three months in 1959 to strengthen his party, the Alliance for the 1959 federal elections after it had lost two states, Kelantan and Terengganu, in the state elections which at that time were held before the federal contest. Alliance Party
(UMNO)
Ismail Abdul Rahman.jpeg Ismail Abdul Rahman
(1915–1973)
22 September 1970 22 September 1970 Ismail Abdul Rahman occasionally acted as acting prime minister when Tunku Abdul Rahman and Abdul Razak Hussein were on leave for going abroad.
Tun VT Sambanthan.png V. T. Sambanthan
(1919–1979)
3 August 1973 13 August 1973 V. T. Sambanthan was called to serve as acting prime minister and chair the cabinet meeting for a day when the former prime minister Abdul Razak Hussein was overseas and his deputy Ismail Abdul Rahman had died. Alliance Party
(MIC)
Ling Liong Sik
(b. 1943)
4 February 1988 16 February 1988 In 1988, when UMNO as the founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition was declared unlawful and illegal political party, Mahathir Mohamad was disqualified as the Barisan Nasional chairman. Ling Liong Sik became the new chairman of the Barisan Nasional and served as an acting prime minister for a couple of days until the new party, UMNO Baru, was legalised by the Registrar of Societies (ROS). Barisan Nasional
(MCA)
Cohen Anwar 980416 (cropped 3to4).jpg Anwar Ibrahim
(b. 1947)
19 May 1997 19 July 1997 Anwar Ibrahim acted as an acting prime minister for two months started from 19 May 1997 as Mahathir Mohamad was on vacation. Barisan Nasional
(UMNO)

Discover more about List of acting prime ministers of Malaysia related topics

Alliance Party (Malaysia)

Alliance Party (Malaysia)

The Alliance Party was a political coalition in Malaysia. The Alliance Party, whose membership comprised United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), was formally registered as a political organisation on 30 October 1957. It was the ruling coalition of Malaya from 1957 to 1963, and Malaysia from 1963 to 1973. The coalition became the Barisan Nasional in 1973.

Barisan Nasional

Barisan Nasional

The National Front is a political coalition of Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing political parties. It is also the third largest political coalition with 30 seats in the Dewan Rakyat after coalition Pakatan Harapan with 82 seats and the coalition Perikatan Nasional with 73 seats.

Abdul Razak Hussein

Abdul Razak Hussein

Tun Haji Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussein was a Malaysian politician who served as the 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia from September 1970 until his death in January 1976. He also served as the first deputy prime minister of Malaysia from August 1957 to September 1970. He is referred to as the Father of Development.

Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah was a Malaysian statesman and lawyer who served as the 1st Prime Minister of Malaysia and the head of government of its predecessor states from 1955 to 1970. He was the first chief minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955 to 1957. He supervised the independence process that culminated on 31 August 1957. As Malaya's first prime minister he dominated politics there for the next 13 years. In 1963, he successfully incorporated the Federation of Malaya, British North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore into the state of Malaysia. However, tensions between the Malay and Chinese communities resulted in Singapore's expulsion in 1965. His poor performance during race riots in Kuala Lumpur in 1969 led to his resignation in 1970. Commonly known simply as "Tunku", Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and of the formation of Malaysia. As such, he is often referred to as Father of Independence or Father of Malaysia.

1959 Malayan general election

1959 Malayan general election

General elections were held in the Federation of Malaya on Wednesday, 19 August 1959 for members of the first Parliament of the Federation of Malaya, the first parliamentary election in Malaya. It was the third national-wide election held in Malaya since the end of World War II. Malaya later formed Malaysia with three other states in 1963. Voting took place in all 104 parliamentary constituencies of Malaya, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. Voter turnout was 73%.

United Malays National Organisation

United Malays National Organisation

The United Malays National Organisation or less commonly PEKEMBAR), is a nationalist right-wing political party in Malaysia. As the oldest continuous national political party within Malaysia, UMNO has once been called Malaysia's "Grand Old Party".

Ismail Abdul Rahman

Ismail Abdul Rahman

Tun Dr. Ismail bin Abdul Rahman was a Malaysian politician who served as the second Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from September 1970 to his death in August 1973. A member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), he previously held several ministerial posts.

V. T. Sambanthan

V. T. Sambanthan

Tun Thirunyanasambanthan s/o Veerasamy also known as V.T. Sambanthan, was a Malayan and Malaysian politician who served as Minister of National Unity from January 1972 to 1974, Minister of Works, Posts and Telecommunications from April 1956 to December 1971, Minister of Health from 1957 to 1959, Minister of Labour from 1955 to 1957, Member of Parliament (MP) for Sungai Siput from July 1955 to June 1973, acting Prime Minister on 3 August 1973 for only a day and 5th President of the Malayan Indian Congress and later Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) from May 1955 to his removal from the party presidency in June 1973 by the party members. He is widely known as one of the founding fathers of Malaysia representing one of the three main ethnicities, people of Indian origin along with Tunku Abdul Rahman representing Malay ethnicity and Tan Cheng Lock representing the Chinese ethnicity.

Malaysian Indian Congress

Malaysian Indian Congress

The Malaysian Indian Congress is a Malaysian political party. It is one of the founding members of the coalition Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, which was in power from when the country achieved independence in 1957 until the elections in 2018. The party was among the first to fight for Malayan Independence and is one of the oldest parties in Malaysia.

Ling Liong Sik

Ling Liong Sik

Tun Dr. Ling Liong Sik is a retired Malaysian politician. He was the sixth president of the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), a component party of Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition and also the former Malaysian Minister for Transport. Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak filed the suit against Ling Liong Sik on 2015, alleging that Ling had made libellous remarks against him in an article carried on a news portal.

List of interim or caretaker prime ministers of Malaysia

Colour key (for political parties):

  Pakatan Harapan   Perikatan Nasional   Barisan Nasional

Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Term of office Notes Political Party
Mahathir Mohamad in 18th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement (cropped).jpg Mahathir Mohamad
(b. 1925)
24 February 2020 1 March 2020 During the 2020 Malaysian political crisis, Mahathir Mohamad had been appointed as the interim prime minister by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong following the abrupt resignation of he himself as the 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia since he won the 14th General Election massively in 2018 while the Yang di-Pertuan Agong decided the appointment of Muhyiddin Yassin as the new 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia few days later. This position does not exist in any part of the laws of Malaysia. However, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong created this position to handle the situation during the crisis, based on his powers provided by the Federal Constitution.[3] Pakatan Harapan
(BERSATU)
Muhyiddin Yassin (51087589446) (cropped).jpg Muhyiddin Yassin
(b. 1947)
16 August 2021 21 August 2021 The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appointed him as the caretaker prime minister on 16 August 2021 based on his powers provided by the Federal Constitution. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong then decided to appoint Ismail Sabri as the 9th Prime Minister of Malaysia five days later. This position does not exist in any part of the laws of Malaysia. However, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong created this position to handle the situation during the crisis, based on his powers provided by the Federal Constitution.[4] Perikatan Nasional
(BERSATU)

Discover more about List of interim or caretaker prime ministers of Malaysia related topics

Pakatan Harapan

Pakatan Harapan

The Alliance of Hope is a Malaysian political coalition consisting of centre–left political parties which was formed in 2015 to succeed the Pakatan Rakyat coalition. It has been the ruling coalition since November 2022 after it formed the coalition government with other political coalitions and parties as a result of the 2022 Malaysian general election, and after it won the 2018 Malaysian general election to February 2020 when it lost power as a result of the 2020 Malaysian political crisis at the federal level for 22 months. The coalition deposed the Barisan Nasional coalition government during the 2018 election, ending its 60-year-long reign since independence.

Perikatan Nasional

Perikatan Nasional

The National Alliance is a political coalition composed of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU), Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) and Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (GERAKAN). This coalition was preceded by the Malaysian Party Alliance Association, also known as the Persatuan Perikatan Parti Malaysia (PPPM).

Barisan Nasional

Barisan Nasional

The National Front is a political coalition of Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing political parties. It is also the third largest political coalition with 30 seats in the Dewan Rakyat after coalition Pakatan Harapan with 82 seats and the coalition Perikatan Nasional with 73 seats.

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir bin Mohamad is a Malaysian politician, author, and physician who served as the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia. He held office from July 1981 to October 2003 and later from May 2018 to March 2020 for a cumulative total of 24 years, making him the country's longest-serving prime minister. Before his promotion to the premiership, he served as Deputy Prime Minister and in other Cabinet positions. He has served as a member of parliament for Langkawi from May 2018 to October 2022, Kubang Pasu from August 1974 to March 2004, and Kota Setar Selatan from April 1964 to May 1969. His political career has spanned more than 75 years, from joining protests opposing citizenship policies for non-Malays in the Malayan Union in the 1940s to forming the Gerakan Tanah Air coalition in 2022.

2018 Malaysian general election

2018 Malaysian general election

The 2018 Malaysian General Election, formally known as the 14th Malaysian General Election, was held on Wednesday, 9 May 2018, for members of the 14th Parliament of Malaysia. At stake were all 222 seats in the Dewan Rakyat and 505 seats in 12 out of the 13 state legislative assemblies of Malaysia. The 13th Parliament of Malaysia was dissolved by Prime Minister Najib Razak on 7 April 2018. It would have been automatically dissolved on 24 June 2018, five years after the first meeting of the first session of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia on 24 June 2013.

Muhyiddin Yassin

Muhyiddin Yassin

Tan Sri Dato' Haji Mahiaddin bin Md Yasin, commonly known as Muhyiddin bin Mohd. Yassin, is a Malaysian politician who served as the 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia from March 2020 to August 2021. Appointed as prime minister amid a political crisis, Muhyiddin served for 17 months and resigned after losing parliamentary support, making him the second shortest-serving prime minister in Malaysian history after Ismail Sabri Yaakob.

Malaysian United Indigenous Party

Malaysian United Indigenous Party

The Malaysian United Indigenous Party, abbreviated BERSATU or PPBM, is a nationalist political party in Malaysia. The party was preceded by the United Indigenous Association of Malaysia. It is a major component party within the Perikatan Nasional coalition and the Barisan Nasional coalition, after the collapse of the Pakatan-led government. BERSATU was approved and fully registered on 14 January 2017 by the Registrar of Societies (ROS) and the use of the BERSATU logo was authorized by the Malaysian Election Commission (SPR). The party held the Prime Ministerial position as well as the majority of positions in the cabinet from May 2020 to August 2021. The party's founding members came from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and Barisan Nasional rebel group Gabungan Ketua Cawangan Malaysia in 2016.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head of the Federation, the Paramount Ruler or simply as the Agong, and unofficially as the King of Malaysia, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected by the Conference of Rulers, comprising the nine rulers of the Malay states, with the office de facto rotated between them, making Malaysia one of the world's few elective monarchies.

Ismail Sabri Yaakob

Ismail Sabri Yaakob

Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri bin Yaakob is a Malaysian politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Malaysia from August 2021 to November 2022. He is both the shortest-serving Prime Minister who served for 15 months and the Deputy Prime Minister who served for 40 days, the first and only Prime Minister born after the independence of Malaya in 1957, the first ever former Leader of the Opposition to become Prime Minister, the first and only Prime Minister who is not the highest in rank in a political party or coalition and the first and only Prime Minister without having a deputy prime minister.

Source: "Prime Minister of Malaysia", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, December 2nd), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Malaysia.

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Notes
References
  1. ^ "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Malaysia Gelar Pemilu Hari Ini". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 19 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  3. ^ Yusof, Dr Muhammad Fathi (25 February 2020). "Kuasa Perdana Menteri Interim ditentukan Agong". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Istana: Muhyiddin to serve as caretaker PM pending search for successor". Malaysiakini. 16 August 2021. Retrieved 16 August 2021.

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