Pierre, South Dakota
"On The River-On The Move"
|Coordinates: 44°22′21″N 100°19′12″W / 44.37250°N 100.32000°W|
|Named for||Pierre Chouteau Jr.|
|• Mayor||Steve Harding|
|• Total||13.05 sq mi (33.80 km2)|
|• Land||13.03 sq mi (33.74 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2) 0.08%|
|Elevation||1,453 ft (442 m)|
|• Density||1,081.68/sq mi (417.63/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (Central)|
|GNIS feature ID||1266887|
|Website||City of Pierre|
Pierre (/pɪər/ PEER; Lakota: Čhúŋkaške, lit. 'fort') is the capital city of the U.S. state of South Dakota and the seat of Hughes County. The population was 14,091 at the 2020 census, making it the second-least populous US state capital after Montpelier, Vermont. It is South Dakota's ninth-most populous city. Founded in 1880, it was selected as the state capital when the territory was admitted as a state. Pierre is the principal city of the Pierre Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hughes and Stanley counties.
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Pierre was founded in 1880 on the east bank of the Missouri River opposite Fort Pierre, a former trading post that developed as a community. It was designated as the state capital when South Dakota gained statehood on November 2, 1889.
Huron challenged the city to be selected as the capital, but Pierre was selected for its geographic centrality in the state. Fort Pierre had developed earlier, with a permanent settlement since circa 1817 around a fur trading post. Fort Pierre Chouteau, preceding the city, was named after Pierre Chouteau, Jr., an American fur trader from St. Louis, Missouri, who was of colonial French origin.
Pierre's development was also influenced by construction of the Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad, which runs east–west through the city. It increased access to markets for regional products and improved transportation for passengers. The railroad crosses the Missouri River on the Chicago and North Western Railroad Bridge.
The capital city became relatively isolated in the post-World War II era of federally subsidized highway construction, as travelers and freight companies began to use automobiles and trucking. It is one of four state capitals not served by the Interstate Highway System.
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Pierre is located at 44°22′21″N 100°19′12″W / 44.37250°N 100.32000°W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 13.07 square miles (33.85 km2), of which 13.06 square miles (33.83 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.
Pierre is sited on rough river bluffs above the east bank of the Missouri River, overlooking its expanse. It is a few miles away from Lake Oahe, one of the world's largest man-made lakes. Developed for flood control and irrigation, the lake has become a popular fishing destination.
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Pierre has a relatively dry, four-season, humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), with long, dry, cold winters, hot summers, and brief spring and autumnal transitions; like much of the southern half of the state, it lies in USDA Plant Hardiness zone 5. According to weather maps and their data, Pierre can be considered a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSk) aided by its precipitation near the threshold that reaches even northeast of the city in South Dakota. As such, it is the only capital of the Midwest states with a non-humid climate. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 19.1 °F (−7.2 °C) in January to 74.9 °F (23.8 °C), though the diurnal temperature variation is significantly greater during summer than in winter. Snow primarily falls in light amounts, with the snowiest months being February and March, while the average seasonal total is 37.2 inches (0.94 m). In addition, there are an average 20.9 nights per year with lows below 0 °F (−17.8 °C), and cold conditions are often intensified by the Great Plains' high winds. Summers often see spikes in temperature, with 6.6 days of highs above 100 °F (37.8 °C) and 37–38 days with highs above 90 °F (32.2 °C).
On July 23, 1973, an F3 tornado struck Pierre and caused 10 injuries. It was the strongest tornado ever recorded in Hughes County.
The beginnings of May and October see the last and first freezing nights, respectively, of the cooler season. Precipitation is much lighter in the winter than in late spring and summer, and totals about 20 inches (508 mm) annually. Extremes have ranged from −35 °F (−37 °C) on February 9, 1994, to 117 °F (47 °C) on July 15, 2006.
|Climate data for Pierre, South Dakota (Pierre Regional Airport), 1991−2010 normals, extremes 1933–present|
|Record high °F (°C)||68
|Average high °F (°C)||29.0
|Daily mean °F (°C)||19.1
|Average low °F (°C)||9.3
|Record low °F (°C)||−33
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.45
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||5.1
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||5.9||5.8||5.6||8.7||11.0||11.4||9.1||7.9||6.4||6.8||5.3||5.6||89.5|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||5.6||5.3||3.3||2.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.7||3.9||5.2||26.0|
See or edit raw graph data.
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|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,646 people, 5,778 households, and 3,463 families living in the city. The population density was 1,044.9 inhabitants per square mile (403.4/km2). There were 6,159 housing units at an average density of 471.6 per square mile (182.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White, 0.5% African American, 10.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.9% of the population.
There were 5,778 households, of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.87.
The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,876 people, 5,567 households, and 3,574 families living in the city. The population density was 1,065.8 people per square mile (411.5/km2). There were 5,949 housing units at an average density of 457.0 per square mile (176.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.91% White, 0.20% African American, 8.56% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.25% of the population.
There were 5,567 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35, and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $42,962, and the median income for a family was $52,144. Males had a median income of $32,969 versus $22,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,462. About 5.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
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1940 United States census
1950 United States census
1960 United States census
1970 United States census
1980 United States census
1990 United States census
2000 United States census
Public transit is provided by River Cities Public Transit.
Pierre Regional Airport is served by one commercial airline.
Although in the center of the state, Pierre is one of only four state capitals not served by an Interstate highway (along with Dover, Delaware, Jefferson City, Missouri, and Juneau, Alaska). It is the only one that is not served by any expressways. The nearest Interstate highway is Interstate 90, about 34 mi (55 km) south of Pierre via the four-lane U.S. Highway 83.
The Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad runs east–west through the city. The railroad crosses the Missouri River on the Chicago and North Western Railroad Bridge.
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The Pierre School District oversees three elementary schools, a middle school and a high school, T. F. Riggs High School. St. Joseph, is a private Catholic elementary school. It is administered by the local parish and the Diocese of Sioux Falls. Other schools include For His Glory and the Pierre Indian Learning Center (a tribal school affiliated with the Bureau of Indian Education).
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(Translator of KTTW)
(Translator of KELO)
|CBS||Nexstar Media Group|
(Translator of KELO)
|MyNetworkTV||Nexstar Media Group|
(Satellite of KSFY)
(Satellite of KSFY)
|The CW||Gray Television|
(Satellite of KSFY)
|34.1||K34GM-D||Three Angels Broadcasting Network||Danny Shelton|
(Translator of KDLT)
|NBC||Red River Broadcasting|
(Translator of KDLT)
|Antenna TV||Red River Broadcasting|
|AM radio stations|
|1060 AM||KGFX||Classic Country||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre|
|1240 AM||KCCR||Full Service||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre|
|FM radio stations|
|Frequency||Call sign||Name||Format||Owner||Target city/market||City of license|
|89.1 FM||KVFL||VCY America||Christian||VCY America||Pierre||Pierre|
|89.5 FM||K208FM||Moody Radio||Christian
|Moody Bible Institute||Pierre||Pierre|
|90.3 FM||KSLP||Power 107.3||Contemporary Christian
|Bethesda Christian Broadcasting||Pierre||Fort Pierre|
|91.7 FM||KTSD||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||NPR||SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications||Pierre||Reliance|
|92.7 FM||KGFX-FM||River 92.7||CHR||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Pierre|
|94.5 FM||KPLO-FM||94 Country||Country||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Reliance|
|95.3 FM||KLXS||Country 95.3||Country||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre||Pierre|
|96.3 FM||K242CH||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||NPR||SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications||Pierre||Pierre|
|98.9 FM||K255DE||KCCR||Full Service||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre||Pierre|
|100.1 FM||KJBI||100.1 The Eagle||Classic Hits||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Fort Pierre|
|100.5 FM||K263AW||94 Country||Country||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Fort Pierre|
|104.5 FM||KCCR-FM||Capitol City Rock 104.5||Active Rock||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre||Blunt|
|105.1 FM||KPGN-LP||Pierre's Good News Station||Christian||Pierre Educational Radio, Inc||Pierre||Pierre|
|107.1 FM||K296FI||1060 KGFX||Classic Country
|Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Pierre|
The Capital Journal is the local newspaper and has been in circulation since 1881. OaheTV is the local public/education/government cable channel serving Pierre, Fort Pierre on Midcontinent Communications Cable.
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- Angela Aames, actress
- Floyd Bannister, Major League Baseball player
- Joseph Bottum, writer
- Tom Brokaw, television journalist and author
- Robert Gleckler, actor
- Dusty Johnson, U.S. representative from South Dakota (born in Pierre in 1976)
- Byron S. Payne, Attorney General of South Dakota
- John Thune, U.S. senator from South Dakota (born in Pierre in 1961)
- Rex Robbins, actor
- Mike Rounds, U.S. senator from South Dakota and former governor of South Dakota (resident of Fort Pierre).
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In popular culture
In 2015, in honor of the 80th anniversary of the "Monopoly" board game, Hasbro held an online vote to determine which cities should be included in an updated version of the "Here and Now: The US Edition" of the game. The top "Boardwalk" spot went to an unexpected contender: Pierre. It received the most votes, beating New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Boston. The outcome may have been influenced by the image that accompanied the name of the city in the balloting: the well-known Mount Rushmore, which is 150 miles west of Pierre, in Keystone and the Black Hills section of the state.
Pierre's attractions include the Oahe Dam and its associated lake, popular for recreation such as fishing.
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Source: "Pierre, South Dakota", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 11th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre,_South_Dakota.
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- ^ William D. Halsey, ed. (1976). "Pierre". Collier's Encyclopedia. Vol. 19. New York: Macmillan Educational Corporation. pp. 42–43.
- ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
- ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 15, 2022.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- ^ Ullrich, Jan F. (2014). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. Archived from the original on October 18, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ "Part VII - Miscellaneous Interstate Facts - Engineering Data - Interstate System - Highway History - Federal Highway Administration". www.fhwa.dot.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-05.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
- ^ Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L., and McMahon, T.A.: Updated American map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633–1644, 2007.
- ^ "What is my arborday.org Hardiness Zone?". Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- ^ Data, US Climate. "Climate Pierre - South Dakota and Weather averages Pierre - Weather history january 2018". www.usclimatedata.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
- ^ "Interactive United States Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Archived from the original on October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
- ^ "Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map of the world". people.eng.unimelb.edu.au. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
- ^ a b c d e f "Station: Pierre RGNL AP, SD". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
- ^ "Tornado History Project: 19730723.46.22". Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- ^ "Tornado History Project: Hughes County, South Dakota". Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- ^ a b c "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
- ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
- ^ "The Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways - Part VII - Miscellaneous Interstate Facts". Federal Highway Administration. Archived from the original on July 16, 2018. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- ^ John E. Miller, Looking for History on Highway 14 (Pierre: South Dakota State Historical Society Press, 2001)
- ^ "Byron S. Payne Funeral Friday". The Daily Plainsman. Huron, SD. Associated Press. June 1, 1949. p. 6 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Burbach, Kevin (March 19, 2015). "Pierre Gets Top Spot on New Monopoly Game". Argus Leader. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- ^ "Monopoly". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 20 March 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- ^ "Distance between Pierre, SD and Keystone, SD". www.distance-cities.com. Archived from the original on June 11, 2016. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- Pierre Chamber of Commerce
- Pierre city government official website
- Rawlins Municipal Library
- River Cities Public Transit
Coordinates: 44°22′21″N 100°19′12″W / 44.37250°N 100.32000°W
- 1880 establishments in Dakota Territory
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- South Dakota populated places on the Missouri River
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