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Philippine Olympic Committee

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Philippine Olympic Committee
Philippine Olympic Committee logo
Country/Region Philippines
CodePHI
Created1911A
Recognized1929A
Continental
Association
OCA
HeadquartersPhilSports Complex,
Pasig, Metro Manila
PresidentAbraham Tolentino
Secretary GeneralEdwin Gastanes [1]
Websitewww.olympic.ph
Notes^A As the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation (PAAF)

The Philippine Olympic Committee Inc.[2] (POC) is the National Olympic Committee of the Philippines.

The POC is a private, non-governmental organization composed of and serve as the mother organization of all National Sports Associations (NSAs) in the Philippines. It is recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as having the sole authority for representation of the Philippines in the Olympic Games, the Asian Games, the Southeast Asian Games and other multi-event competitions.

The POC is financially independent and does not receive any subsidy from government, though its member NSAs receive some financial assistance from the Philippine Sports Commission. Instead, the POC supports its own activities with funds generated from sponsorships, licensing fees on the use of the Olympic marks, IOC subsidy and proceeds from special projects and donations.

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National Olympic Committee

National Olympic Committee

A National Olympic Committee (NOC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.

Philippines

Philippines

The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean and consists of around 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest. It shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east and southeast, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The Philippines covers an area of 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) and, as of 2021, it had a population of around 109 million people, making it the world's thirteenth-most populous country. The Philippines has diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands. Manila is the country's capital, while the largest city is Quezon City; both lie within the urban area of Metro Manila.

International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Olympic Games.

Olympic Games

Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are the leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 teams, representing sovereign states and territories, participating. The Olympic Games are normally held every four years, and since 1994, have alternated between the Summer and Winter Olympics every two years during the four-year period.

Asian Games

Asian Games

The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games. Since the 1982 Games, they have been organized by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), after the breakup of the Asian Games Federation. The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games.

Southeast Asian Games

Southeast Asian Games

The Southeast Asian Games, also known as the SEA Games, is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. The games are under the regulation of the Southeast Asian Games Federation with supervision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA).

Philippine Sports Commission

Philippine Sports Commission

The Philippine Sports Commission is an agency of the Philippine government which tackles matters concerning sports in the country. The sports agency is independent from the Philippine Olympic Committee which enjoys autonomy from the government.

History

Logo of the Philippine Olympic Committee until 2018.
Logo of the Philippine Olympic Committee until 2018.
The PhilSports Complex serves as the headquarters of the POC as mandated by the sports body's by-laws. It could be transferred through a decision in a General Assembly.[2]
The PhilSports Complex serves as the headquarters of the POC as mandated by the sports body's by-laws. It could be transferred through a decision in a General Assembly.[2]

Organized sports was first introduced in the Philippines during the American administration of the islands with the establishment of the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation (PAAF) in January 1911. The PAAF organized the inaugural Far Eastern Championship Games in 1913 which was contested by China, Japan, and the host country, Philippines.[3]

The first Filipino Olympian was David Nepomuceno, who participated in Athletics in the 100m and 200m sprints events at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. However, it was only in 1929 when the International Olympic Committee recognized the PAAF as the Philippines' National Olympic Committee. The recognition was a year after swimmer Teofilo Yldefonso won the Philippines' first Olympic medal—a bronze in the 200 meters breaststroke event at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. In 1975 the PAAF was renamed to Philippine Olympic Committee (POC) after the establishment of the Department of Youth and Sports Development which effectively abolished the former.[3]

The Philippine Olympic Committee has held office along with the Philippine Sports Commission at the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex until the construction of the PhilSports Complex which became the headquarters of the two organizations.[4]

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History of the Philippines (1898–1946)

History of the Philippines (1898–1946)

The history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, when the Philippines was still a colony of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognized the independence of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.

Far Eastern Championship Games

Far Eastern Championship Games

The Far Eastern Championship Games was an Asian multi-sport event considered to be a precursor to the Asian Games.

1913 Far Eastern Championship Games

1913 Far Eastern Championship Games

The 1st Far Eastern Championship Games were held in 1-9 February 1913 in Manila, Philippines. The inaugural tournament was officially opened by Governor General William Cameron Forbes at the Carnival Grounds in Malate, Manila. Six countries participated at the tournament.

Empire of Japan

Empire of Japan

The Empire of Japan, also known as the Japanese Empire or Imperial Japan, was a historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 until the enactment of the post-World War II 1947 constitution and subsequent formation of modern Japan. It encompassed the Japanese archipelago and several colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories.

David Nepomuceno

David Nepomuceno

David Nepomuceno was the first Filipino to compete in the Olympics. He was a runner and the sole representative of the Philippines at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. Nepomuceno, also served as a sailor in the United States Navy. In 1925, Nepomuceno ran the 100 meters in only two-tenths of a second short of the then-world record.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, 27 athletics events were contested, all for men only. The competitions were held from 6 to 13 July.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

The men's 100 metres event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. This race was depicted in the film Chariots of Fire. The first two rounds were held on 6 July, with the semifinals and final on 7 July. Eighty-six sprinters from 34 countries competed. The event was won by Harold Abrahams of Great Britain—Great Britain's first Olympic gold medal in the men's 100 metres and only the second time that the United States failed to win. Jackson Scholz kept the Americans on the podium with a silver. Arthur Porritt won the bronze, New Zealand's first medal in the event.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. The first two rounds were held on 8 July, with the semifinals and final on 9 July. Sixty-five sprinters from 33 countries competed. Nations were limited to 4 athletes each. The event was won by Jackson Scholz of the United States, the nation's third consecutive victory in the event and fifth in six Games. For the third straight Games, the podium consisted of two Americans winning gold and silver and a Brit taking bronze. Paddock, the silver medalist in 1920 as well, was the second man to earn multiple medals in the 200 metres.

1924 Summer Olympics

1924 Summer Olympics

The 1924 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the VIII Olympiad and also known as Paris 1924, were an international multi-sport event held in Paris, France. The opening ceremony was held on 5 July, but some competitions had already started on 4 May. The Games were the second to be hosted by Paris, making it the first city to host the Olympics twice.

International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Olympic Games.

1928 Summer Olympics

1928 Summer Olympics

The 1928 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad and commonly known as Amsterdam 1928, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam had previously bid for the 1920 and 1924 Olympic Games, but was obliged to give way to war-torn Antwerp in Belgium for the 1920 Games and Pierre de Coubertin's Paris for the 1924 Games.

Amsterdam

Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands, with The Hague being the seat of government. It has a population of 907,976 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area. Located in the Dutch province of North Holland, Amsterdam is colloquially referred to as the "Venice of the North", for its large number of canals, now designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Governance

Executive board

The Philippine Olympic Committee is governed by its executive board, which composes the chairman, president, first and second vice president, secretary general, treasurer, auditor and the immediate past president. The executive board is also joined by four members elected by the board members and any IOC members present in the country. The executive board holds at least one meeting every month and makes valid acts if majority of its members are present which is seven or more person in all cases. Decisions by the POC are voted upon by the members of the executive board and in case of a tie, the chairman decides upon the matter concerned.[2]

Commissions or committees are also organized by the POC. The Membership, Arbitration, Ethics, Technical, Ways and Means and Athlete’s Commissions are the standing commissions of the POC. The creation of additional commissions are subject to approval by the executive board upon recommendation by the President.[2]

Composition of the Executive Board
Member Position National Sports Association Sports Notes
Mikaela Cojuangco Jaworski As International Olympic Committee member
Steve Hontiveros Chairman Philippine Handball Federation Handball Incumbent since July 28, 2019
Abraham Tolentino President Integrated Cycling Federation of the Philippines Cycling
Edwin Gastanes [5] Secretary General Philippine Football Federation Association Football Appointed since August 13, 2019
Alfredo S. Panlilio 1st Vice President Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas Basketball
Richard I Gomez, DPA 2nd Vice President Philippine Fencing Association Fencing
Cynthia Carrion Norton Treasurer Gymnastics Association of the Philippines Gymnastics
Joaquin Chito Loyzaga Auditor Philippine Amateur Baseball Association Baseball
David F. Carter Board members Philippine Judo Federation Judo
Pearl Anne Managuelod Muay Association of the Philippines Muay Thai
Dr. Jose Raul Canlas United Philippines Surfing Association Surfing
Atty. Charlie L. Ho Philippine Netball Federation Netball
Victorico P. Vargas Immediate Past President Association of Boxing Alliances in the Philippines Boxing
Nikko Huelgas Athletes' Commission Triathlon Association of the Philippines Triathlon
Atty. Avelino Sumagui Chair, Membership Committee Integrated Cycling Federation of the Philippines Cycling

President

Abraham Tolentino, the president of the POC since July 28, 2019.
Abraham Tolentino, the president of the POC since July 28, 2019.

Ambrosio Padilla was the first president of the Philippine Olympic Committee (POC) serving from 1975 to 1976. Previously he served as president of the POC's predecessor, the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation from 1970 to 1975.[3]

The president has the power to call a special meeting of the executive board upon a written request addressed to the secretary general. This privilege can also be invoke by the majority of the executive board. The president also recommends the creation of a new commission within the POC, as well as the appointment of each of the commission's chairman and members, and its duties, tasks, and authorities, all subject to the approval of the board.[2]

List of Presidents
President Tenure
From To
1 Ambrosio Padilla 1975 1976
2 Nereo Andolong 1977 1980
3 Julian Malonso
1980
provisional
4 Michael Keon 1981 1984
5 Jose Sering 1985 1992
6 Rene Cruz 1993 1996
7 Cristy Ramos 1997 April 1999
8 Celso Dayrit May 1999 2004
9 Jose Cojuangco, Jr. January 2005 March 5, 2018
10 Victorico Vargas March 5, 2018 June 18, 2019
11 Joey Romasanta June 18, 2019 July 28, 2019
12 Abraham Tolentino July 28, 2019 present

Committees under the Philippine Olympic Committee

Appointee Position
Carl Sambrano Deputy Secretary General for Administration
Karen Caballero Deputy SG for NSA Affairs, Government and Athlete's Affairs
Valeriano Floro Deputy SG for International Affairs
Atty. Avelino M. Sumagui - Chairman Membership and Accreditation Commission
Valeriano Floro - Member
Richard Lim - Member
Atty. Alberto Arga - Chairman Arbitration Commission
Christopher John Quimpo - Member
Mr. Celso Dayrit - Member
Atty. Alberto Arga - Chairman Ethics Commission
Christopher John Quimpo - Member
Mr. Celso Dayrit - Member
Other committees
Appointee Position
Olivia Coo - Chairwoman Women in Sports Commission
Akiko Thompson - Member
Marilee Estampador - Member
Mayor Richard Gomez - Chairman Constitution and Bylaws Revisions Commission
Atty. Alberto Agra - Member
Atty. Marcus Antonio Andaya - Member
Atty. Avelino M. Sumagui - Member
Atty. Wharton Chan - Chairman and Chief Legal Counsel Legal Affairs Commission
Atty. Avelino M. Sumagui - Member

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International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Olympic Games.

Handball

Handball

Handball is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team. A standard match consists of two periods of 30 minutes, and the team that scores more goals wins.

Abraham Tolentino

Abraham Tolentino

Abraham "Bambol" Ng Tolentino is a Filipino politician who currently serves as the Mayor of Tagaytay and President of the Philippine Olympic Committee. He previously served as representative of Cavite's 8th district from 2019 to 2022 and the 7th district from 2013 to 2019.

Integrated Cycling Federation of the Philippines

Integrated Cycling Federation of the Philippines

The Integrated Cycling Federation of the Philippines (PhilCycling) is the national governing body for cycling as a sport in the Philippines. It is duly recognised by the Philippine Sports Commission and the Philippine Olympic Committee and the International Cycling Union.

Cycle sport

Cycle sport

Cycle sport is competitive physical activity using bicycles. There are several categories of bicycle racing including road bicycle racing, cyclo-cross, mountain bike racing, track cycling, BMX, and cycle speedway. Non-racing cycling sports include artistic cycling, cycle polo, freestyle BMX and mountain bike trials. The Union Cycliste Internationalecode: fra promoted to code: fr (UCI) is the world governing body for cycling and international competitive cycling events. The International Human Powered Vehicle Association is the governing body for human-powered vehicles that imposes far fewer restrictions on their design than does the UCI. The UltraMarathon Cycling Association is the governing body for many ultra-distance cycling races.

Basketball

Basketball

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches in diameter mounted 10 feet high to a backboard at each end of the court, while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one, two or three one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated.

Fencing

Fencing

Fencing is a group of three related combat sports. The three disciplines in modern fencing are the foil, the épée, and the sabre ; winning points are made through the weapon's contact with an opponent. A fourth discipline, singlestick, appeared in the 1904 Olympics but was dropped after that, and is not a part of modern fencing. Fencing was one of the first sports to be played in the Olympics. Based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship, the modern sport arose at the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and the French school later refining the Italian system. There are three forms of modern fencing, each of which uses a different kind of weapon and has different rules; thus the sport itself is divided into three competitive scenes: foil, épée, and sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialize in one weapon only.

Gymnastics Association of the Philippines

Gymnastics Association of the Philippines

The Gymnastics Association of the Philippines (GAP) or simply Gymnastics Philippines is the governing body of gymnastics in the Philippines. The sporting body is a member of the Philippine Olympic Committee and recognized by the Philippine Sports Commission. It is also a member of the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique and the Asian Gymnastics Union.

Gymnastics

Gymnastics

Gymnastics is a type of sport that includes physical exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, dedication and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, back, chest, and abdominal muscle groups. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse, and from circus performance skills.

Philippine Amateur Baseball Association

Philippine Amateur Baseball Association

The Philippine Amateur Baseball Association (PABA) is the national governing body for amateur baseball in the Philippines.

Baseball

Baseball

Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each, taking turns batting and fielding. The game is live when the umpire signals to the pitcher either verbally or by pointing, indicating that the ball is now in play. A player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball that a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objective of the offensive team is to hit the ball into the field of play, away from the other team's players, allowing its players to run the bases, having them advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate.

Judo

Judo

Judo is an unarmed modern Japanese martial art, Olympic sport, and the most prominent form of jacket wrestling competed internationally. Judo was created in 1882 by Kanō Jigorō as an eclectic martial art, distinguishing itself from its predecessors due to an emphasis on "randori" instead of "kata" alongside its removal of striking and weapon training elements. Judo rose to prominence for its dominance over established jujutsu schools in tournaments hosted by the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department, resulting in its adoption as the department's primary martial art. A judo practitioner is called a "judoka" , and the judo uniform is called "judogi" .

Members

Sports associations that are members of the Philippine Olympic Committee are recognized as National Sports Associations (NSAs). There are two levels of memberships within the POC which is regular and associate. The POC also gives accreditation to recognize disciplines of sports.[6]

Application process

Since February 2009, applicant National Sports Associations should have an official address and contact numbers (telephone, fax, email address) or official website and a directory of its officers and members, and a board resolution authorizing the signatory officer to apply for POC membership with an indication of the level of membership. Also it is required that a certificate of membership with the pertinent International Federation recognized by the International Olympic Committee which governs the sport of the applicant internationally to be submitted to the POC, unless the International Federation requires its members first to gain recognition from their National Olympic Committees. International Federation membership is required for regular membership. A notarized affidavit is also to be submitted which states that the applicant sports association is the only legitimate and governing body of their sport in the national level with the POC.[6]

The prospect national sports association should also have organized at least two annual National Championships and present documenting evidences to the POC which includes duly certified applicants, results, photos, and relevant press releases. It is also required that articles be published in three major daily newspapers of general circulation which states that the applicant is seeking POC membership. A copy of the publication, as well as an affidavit of publication from the newspapers concerned to be presented to the POC. If there are many other sports bodies claiming to represent the same sport of the applicant in the Philippines, an objection to the application for membership of the applicant sports association must be presented before the POC Membership Commission within fifteen days from the date of publication.[6]

The a POC Membership Commission gives recommendations to the POC following the complete submission of required documents for applications. The POC membership of applicant associations is subject to approval of the POC General Assembly upon the recommendation by the Membership Commission. If the regular or associate membership of the applicant is approved by the POC, the nature of the membership shall be provisional for one year pending a review of the association's performance in national and international levels.[6]

The applicant's NSA President as a POC member should not be an incumbent member.[6]

Suspension and expulsion

A member of the POC could be suspended or expelled from the national olympic committee by 3/4 vote of the POC General Assembly.[7]

List

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International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Olympic Games.

Badminton

Badminton

Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" and "doubles". Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court.

Philippine Amateur Baseball Association

Philippine Amateur Baseball Association

The Philippine Amateur Baseball Association (PABA) is the national governing body for amateur baseball in the Philippines.

Baseball

Baseball

Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each, taking turns batting and fielding. The game is live when the umpire signals to the pitcher either verbally or by pointing, indicating that the ball is now in play. A player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball that a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objective of the offensive team is to hit the ball into the field of play, away from the other team's players, allowing its players to run the bases, having them advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate.

Basketball

Basketball

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches in diameter mounted 10 feet high to a backboard at each end of the court, while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one, two or three one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated.

Cue sports

Cue sports

Cue sports are a wide variety of games of skill played with a cue, which is used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered table bounded by elastic bumpers known as cushions.

Bowling

Bowling

Bowling is a target sport and recreational activity in which a player rolls a ball toward pins or another target. The term bowling usually refers to pin bowling, though in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries, bowling could also refer to target bowling, such as lawn bowls.

Association of Boxing Alliances in the Philippines

Association of Boxing Alliances in the Philippines

The Association of Boxing Alliances in the Philippines, or ABAP, is the governing body for amateur boxing in the Philippines.

Boxing

Boxing

Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves and other protective equipment such as hand wraps and mouthguards, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.

Canoeing

Canoeing

Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle. Common meanings of the term are limited to when the canoeing is the central purpose of the activity. Broader meanings include when it is combined with other activities such as canoe camping, or where canoeing is merely a transportation method used to accomplish other activities. Most present-day canoeing is done as or as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an open canoe.

Kayaking

Kayaking

Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving over water. It is distinguished from canoeing by the sitting position of the paddler and the number of blades on the paddle. A kayak is a low-to-the-water, canoe-like boat in which the paddler sits facing forward, legs in front, using a double-bladed paddle to pull front-to-back on one side and then the other in rotation. Most kayaks have closed decks, although sit-on-top and inflatable kayaks are growing in popularity as well.

National Chess Federation of the Philippines

National Chess Federation of the Philippines

The National Chess Federation of the Philippines (NCFP) is a non-profit organization, the governing chess organization within the Philippines, and one of the member federations of the Fédération Internationale des Échecs.

Source: "Philippine Olympic Committee", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine_Olympic_Committee.

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Notes
References
  1. ^ "Atty. Edwin Gastanes Named POC Secretary General". Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "NEW BY-LAWS". Philippine Olympic Committee. July 9, 2008. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "History of the Philippine Olympic Committee". Philippine Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on November 17, 2005. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  4. ^ Times, Tiebreaker (January 5, 2021). "POC looks to finally have HQ: 'Nakikitira lang kami sa facilities ng PSC'". Tiebreaker Times. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  5. ^ "Atty. Edwin Gastanes Named POC Secretary General". Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Requirements needed in applying for POC Membership" (PDF). Philippine Olympic Committee. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  7. ^ Terrado, Reuben (April 25, 2018). "POC takes over karatedo affairs after federation stripped of recognition by world body". Sports Interactive Network Philippines. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
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