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Philip Burne-Jones

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Philip Burne-Jones holding a cat.
Philip Burne-Jones holding a cat.
The Vampire, Burne-Jones' most famous work (1897).
The Vampire, Burne-Jones' most famous work (1897).

Sir Philip William Burne-Jones, 2nd Baronet (1 October 1861 – 21 June 1926)[1] was the first child of the British Pre-Raphaelite artist Sir Edward Burne-Jones and his wife Georgiana Macdonald. He became a well-known painter in his own right, producing more than 60 paintings, including portraits, landscapes, and poetic fantasies.

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Life and career

He was born in London, England in 1861 and was educated at Marlborough College. He attended Oxford University for two years, but quit. To appease his parents for this failure, he agreed to take lessons in painting in London.

Philip did study painting seriously. His skill was great and he exhibited his work in well-known galleries in London and Paris. The Royal Academy exhibited his work eleven times between 1898 and 1918, and his work was also shown in the Paris Salon of 1900. There he exhibited his portrait of his father, now in the National Portrait Gallery. He painted portraits of many well-known persons of the time.

His most famous work, The Vampire (1897), depicting a woman leaning over an unconscious man, was believed to have been modelled by the actress Mrs Patrick Campbell, with whom Burne-Jones had been associated romantically.[2] The painting also inspired his cousin Rudyard Kipling's poem of the same name. The location of the original painting is unknown. In July 1902 several papers including the Baltimore Sun and the St. Louis Republic reported the painting was sold to W.K. Vanderbilt; however, Burne-Jones denied the reports.[3]

Having a famous father was difficult for him, and it was Philip's fate in life that his work was often compared unfavourably with that of his father.

Upon his father's death in 1898, Philip succeeded to the title of baronet that had been bestowed on his father during 1894. It is said that his father had accepted the title only because Philip was keen to inherit it.

Philip visited the United States during 1902, where he was popular in fashionable society and contributed to the then-fashionable travelogue literary genre by publishing an account (Dollars and Democracy) of his time spent there. He lived most of his life in London, where he died in 1926.

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London

London

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom, with a population of just under 9 million. It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a 50-mile (80 km) estuary down to the North Sea, and has been a major settlement for two millennia. The City of London, its ancient core and financial centre, was founded by the Romans as Londinium and retains its medieval boundaries. The City of Westminster, to the west of the City of London, has for centuries hosted the national government and parliament. Since the 19th century, the name "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between the counties of Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Kent, and Hertfordshire, which since 1965 has largely comprised Greater London, which is governed by 33 local authorities and the Greater London Authority.

England

England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. It is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Marlborough College

Marlborough College

Marlborough College is a public school for pupils aged 13 to 18 in Marlborough, Wiltshire, England. Founded in 1843 for the sons of Church of England clergy, it is now co-educational. For the academic year 2015/16, Marlborough charged £9,610 per term for day pupils, making it the most expensive day school in the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) – the association of British independent schools.

Mrs Patrick Campbell

Mrs Patrick Campbell

Beatrice Rose Stella Tanner, better known by her stage name Mrs Patrick Campbell or Mrs Pat, was an English stage actress, best known for appearing in plays by Shakespeare, Shaw and Barrie. She also toured the United States and appeared briefly in films.

Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling

Joseph Rudyard Kipling was an English novelist, short-story writer, poet, and journalist. He was born in British India, which inspired much of his work.

William Kissam Vanderbilt

William Kissam Vanderbilt

William Kissam "Willie" Vanderbilt I was an American heir, businessman, philanthropist and horsebreeder. Born into the Vanderbilt family, he managed his family's railroad investments.

Baronet

Baronet

A baronet or the female equivalent, a baronetess, is the holder of a baronetcy, a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown. The title of baronet is mentioned as early as the 14th century, however in its current usage was created by James I of England in 1611 as a means of raising funds for the crown.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. The United States is also in free association with three Pacific Island sovereign states: the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. It is the world's third-largest country by both land and total area. It shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 333 million, it is the most populous country in the Americas and the third most populous in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C. and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Racial views

Philip expressed racist remarks on Black Americans in his 1904 American travelogue "Dollars and Democracy." Frankly confessing that he does not think highly of African Americans and is skeptical of their belonging in American society, Philip wrote that "among a highly civilized and strenuous people the negroes are in an absolutely false position," "the negro is not, and can never be, the equal of his white brother," and considering "exceptions here and there, the best that can be said for them [African Americans] is that they make tolerably good servants." Burne-Jones did make allowances for the possibility of his racist opinions on this matter being wrong, asking at the end of his anti-black diatribe if "I've been very unfair in what I've just said?"[4]

Source: "Philip Burne-Jones", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Burne-Jones.

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References
  1. ^ "Baronetage". Web.archive.org. 1 May 2008. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ "Shaw's Vampire". Time Magazine. 22 April 1940. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
  3. ^ "In Gay New York". The Virginia Enterprise. 8 August 1902.
  4. ^ Burne-Jones, Philip (March 1904). Dollars and Democracy. New York: D. Appleton & Company. pp. 165–169. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
External links
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Baronet
(of Rottingdean and of the Grange)
1898–1926
Extinct

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