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Peyto Lake

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Peyto Lake
Peyto Lake June 2018.jpg
Peyto Lake is located in Alberta
Peyto Lake
Peyto Lake
LocationBanff National Park, Alberta, Canada
Coordinates51°43′37″N 116°31′19″W / 51.72694°N 116.52194°W / 51.72694; -116.52194Coordinates: 51°43′37″N 116°31′19″W / 51.72694°N 116.52194°W / 51.72694; -116.52194
TypeGlacial
Primary inflowsPeyto Creek
Primary outflowsMistaya River
Basin countriesCanada
Max. length2.8 km (1.7 mi)
Max. width0.8 km (0.50 mi)
Surface area5.3 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Surface elevation1,860 m (6,100 ft)

Peyto Lake (/ˈpt/ PEE-toh) is a glacier-fed lake in Banff National Park in the Canadian Rockies. The lake itself is near the Icefields Parkway. It was named for Bill Peyto, an early trail guide and trapper in the Banff area.[1]

The lake is formed in a valley of the Waputik Range, between Caldron Peak, Peyto Peak and Mount Jimmy Simpson, at an elevation of 1,860 m (6,100 ft).[2]

During the summer, significant amounts of glacial rock flour flow into the lake from a nearby glacier, and these suspended rock particles are what give the lake a unique bright, turquoise colour. Because of its bright colour, photos of the lake often appear in illustrated books, and the area around the lake is a popular sightseeing spot. In 2021, Parks Canada completed improvements to the lake viewpoint, trails and parking areas.[3] The lake is best seen from Bow Summit, the highest point on the Icefields Parkway.[4]

The lake is fed by Peyto Creek, which drains water from Caldron Lake and Peyto Glacier (part of the Wapta Icefield). Peyto Lake is the origin of the Mistaya River,[5] which heads northwest from the lake's outflow.

Peyto Lake seen from Bow Summit
Peyto Lake seen from Bow Summit

Discover more about Peyto Lake related topics

Glacier

Glacier

A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight. A glacier forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. It acquires distinguishing features, such as crevasses and seracs, as it slowly flows and deforms under stresses induced by its weight. As it moves, it abrades rock and debris from its substrate to create landforms such as cirques, moraines, or fjords. Although a glacier may flow into a body of water, it forms only on land and is distinct from the much thinner sea ice and lake ice that form on the surface of bodies of water.

Lake

Lake

A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, and distinct from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, although, like the much larger oceans, they do form part of the Earth's water cycle. Lakes are distinct from lagoons, which are generally coastal parts of the ocean. Lakes are typically larger and deeper than ponds, which also lie on land, though there are no official or scientific definitions. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams, which usually flow in a channel on land. Most lakes are fed and drained by rivers and streams.

Banff National Park

Banff National Park

Banff National Park is Canada's oldest national park, established in 1885 as Rocky Mountains Park. Located in Alberta's Rocky Mountains, 110–180 kilometres (68–112 mi) west of Calgary, Banff encompasses 6,641 square kilometres (2,564 sq mi) of mountainous terrain, with many glaciers and ice fields, dense coniferous forest, and alpine landscapes. The Icefields Parkway extends from Lake Louise, connecting to Jasper National Park in the north. Provincial forests and Yoho National Park are neighbours to the west, while Kootenay National Park is located to the south and Kananaskis Country to the southeast. The main commercial centre of the park is the town of Banff, in the Bow River valley.

Canadian Rockies

Canadian Rockies

The Canadian Rockies or Canadian Rocky Mountains, comprising both the Alberta Rockies and the B.C. Rockies, is the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains. It is the easternmost part of the Canadian Cordillera, which is the northern segment of the North American Cordillera, the expansive system of interconnected mountain ranges between the Interior Plains and the Pacific Coast that runs northwest–southeast from central Alaska to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico.

Bill Peyto

Bill Peyto

Ebenezer William Peyto was an English-Canadian pioneer, mountain guide, and early park warden of Banff National Park.

Caldron Peak

Caldron Peak

Caldron Peak is a 2,911-metre (9,551 ft) mountain peak of the Waputik Range, located in Alberta, Canada. It is prominently visible from the Peyto Lake Overlook in Banff National Park.

Peyto Peak

Peyto Peak

Peyto Peak is a mountain in the Waputik Range, part of the Canadian Rockies in Alberta, Canada. It lies at the north end of the Wapta Icefield, in Banff National Park, about one km (0.6 mi) east of the border with British Columbia and 32 km (20 mi) north of the town of Field. Five kilometres to the northeast lies Bow Pass, one of the high points of the Icefields Parkway. Between the peak and the pass lies picturesque Peyto Lake. Three kilometres southwest of Peyto Peak is Mount Baker, the highest point in the immediate vicinity.

Mount Jimmy Simpson

Mount Jimmy Simpson

Mount Jimmy Simpson is a 2,966-metre (9,731-foot) summit located 3 kilometres northwest of Bow Lake in Banff National Park, in the Canadian Rockies of Alberta, Canada. Its nearest higher peak is Mount Thompson, 3.0 km (1.9 mi) to the southwest. Mount Jimmy Simpson is a member of the Waputik Mountains, and is situated east of the Wapta Icefield and west of the Bow River valley. Mount Jimmy Simpson can be seen from the Icefields Parkway at Bow Lake. Jimmy Simpson Junior is a 2,721 meter sub-summit east of the mountain.

Rock flour

Rock flour

Rock flour, or glacial flour, consists of fine-grained, silt-sized particles of rock, generated by mechanical grinding of bedrock by glacial erosion or by artificial grinding to a similar size. Because the material is very small, it becomes suspended in meltwater making the water appear cloudy, which is sometimes known as glacial milk.

Parks Canada

Parks Canada

Parks Canada, is the agency of the Government of Canada which manages the country's 48 National Parks, three National Marine Conservation Areas, 172 National Historic Sites, one National Urban Park, and one National Landmark. Parks Canada is mandated to "protect and present nationally significant examples of Canada's natural and cultural heritage, and foster public understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment in ways that ensure their ecological and commemorative integrity for present and future generations".

Peyto Glacier

Peyto Glacier

The Peyto Glacier is situated in the Canadian Rockies in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada, approximately 90 km (56 mi) northwest of the town of Banff, and can be accessed from the Icefields Parkway. Peyto Glacier is an outflow glacier from the Wapta Icefield, which rests along the Continental divide. The glacier snout is subject to high melt rates from season to season and there is marked surface lowering on several parts of the glacier. Glacial silt, which is carried from the glacier by streams, ensures a turquoise appearance to Peyto Lake, a popular touring destination. As is true for the vast majority of glaciers worldwide, Peyto Glacier has been retreating rapidly, especially since the last half of the 20th century, and has reportedly lost 70% of its mass since it was first researched (Demuth and Keller, 2006). Between 1896 and 1966, the total volume loss of the Peyto Glacier was 1088.5 x 106 m3 (Wallace, 1995). A 1896's photograph by Walter D. Wilcox was the first record of this glacier, although the significant research did not start until 1965. In 1987, an automatic weather station was constructed near the glacier that monitors temperature changes, radiation and precipitation.

Mistaya River

Mistaya River

The Mistaya River is a short river in western Alberta, Canada. It flows through the Canadian Rockies, and a section of the Icefields Parkway was built along its course.

Source: "Peyto Lake", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peyto_Lake.

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References
  1. ^ "Lake Louise to Bow Summit". canadianrockes.net. 25 February 2009. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  2. ^ W., Boles, Glen (2006). Canadian mountain place names : the Rockies and Columbia Mountains. Laurilla, Roger W., 1959-, Putnam, William Lowell., Putnam, William Lowell. Place names of the Canadian Alps. Calgary, Alta.: Rocky Mountain Books. ISBN 9781894765794. OCLC 244770225.
  3. ^ "Improvements at Peyto Lake". Parks Canada. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  4. ^ Peyto Lake, The Canadian Rockies Archived 2008-04-22 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ MISTAYA CANYON and PEYTO LAKE: Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada: ALONG THE ICEFIELD PARKWAY
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