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Perfect All-Kill

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Perfect All-Kill Certificate
Perfect All-Kill Certificate

Perfect All-Kill (Korean퍼펙트 올킬) or PAK is a music chart achievement in South Korea where a song simultaneously reaches number one on the real-time, daily, and weekly components of iChart, a music chart ranking aggregator operated by the South Korean web entertainment publisher Instiz Corporation, the operator of the Instiz [ko] web forum.[1] The term "perfect all-kill" was first used when the song "Nagging" by IU featuring Seulong shot up to rank number 1 on all Korean music charts in June 2010.[2] Although Instiz iChart was launched in March 2010, it does not list 2010 records.[3] Aside from "Nagging", "Good Day" by IU, which topped the charts in December 2010, was also recognized as a perfect all-kill song.[4] The artist that holds the record for the most number of songs to achieve a PAK is IU with 21 songs.[5] The song with the most hourly PAKs is "Dynamite" by BTS with 610 PAKs.[6] "Ditto" by NewJeans holds the record for a female idol group with 607 PAKs and still counting. "Celebrity" by IU holds the record for a solo act with 462 PAKs.

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Korean language

Korean language

Korean is the native language for about 80 million people, mostly of Korean descent. It is the official and national language of both North Korea and South Korea, but over the past 75 years of political division, the two Koreas have developed some noticeable vocabulary differences. Beyond Korea, the language is recognised as a minority language in parts of China, namely Jilin Province, and specifically Yanbian Prefecture and Changbai County. It is also spoken by Sakhalin Koreans in parts of Sakhalin, the Russian island just north of Japan, and by the Koryo-saramcode: kor promoted to code: ko in parts of Central Asia. The language has a few extinct relatives which—along with the Jeju language (Jejuan) of Jeju Island and Korean itself—form the compact Koreanic language family. Even so, Jejuan and Korean are not mutually intelligible with each other. The linguistic homeland of Korean is suggested to be somewhere in contemporary Northeast China. The hierarchy of the society from which the language originates deeply influences the language, leading to a system of speech levels and honorifics indicative of the formality of any given situation.

Nagging (song)

Nagging (song)

"Nagging" is a song recorded by South Korean singers IU and Lim Seulong. Written by Kim Eana and composed by Lee Min-soo, the pop ballad duet was used as one of the theme songs for the second season of the variety show, We Got Married, along with "We Fell in Love" by Jo Kwon and Ga-in.

IU (singer)

IU (singer)

Lee Ji-eun, also known by her stage name IU (Korean: 아이유), is a South Korean singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. She signed with LOEN Entertainment in 2007 as a trainee and debuted as a singer at the age of fifteen with her first extended play (EP) Lost and Found (2008). Although her follow-up albums, Growing Up and IU...IM, brought mainstream success, it was only after the release of "Good Day", the lead single from her 2010 album Real, that she achieved national stardom. "Good Day" went on to spend five consecutive weeks at the top of South Korea's Gaon Digital Chart, and in 2019, it was ranked number one on Billboard's "100 Greatest K-Pop Songs of the 2010s" list.

Lim Seul-ong

Lim Seul-ong

Lim Seul-ong, also known by the mononym Seulong, is a South Korean singer and actor. He debuted as a singer in 2008 as a member of the K-pop boyband 2AM. He made his acting debut in 2010 in the Korean drama, Personal Taste.

Good Day (IU song)

Good Day (IU song)

"Good Day" is a song recorded in two languages by South Korean singer IU. The Korean version was released on December 9, 2010, as the lead single for IU's third extended play (EP) Real. It was written by Kim Eana, while production was handled by Lee Min-soo. The Japanese version was originally included on IU's first Japanese extended play I□U, released on December 14, 2011, before being released on March 21, 2012, as IU's first single album Good Day.

Dynamite (BTS song)

Dynamite (BTS song)

"Dynamite" is a song recorded by South Korean boy band BTS, released on August 21, 2020, through Big Hit Entertainment and Sony Music Entertainment. It is the band's first song fully recorded in English. The song, written by David Stewart and Jessica Agombar and produced by Stewart, is an upbeat disco-pop song with elements of funk, soul, and bubblegum pop, and takes influence from 1970s music—it features snapping handclaps, echoing synths, and celebratory horns.

BTS

BTS

BTS, also known as the Bangtan Boys, is a South Korean boy band formed in 2010. The band consists of Jin, Suga, J-Hope, RM, Jimin, V, and Jungkook, who co-write and co-produce the majority of their material. Originally a hip hop group, their musical style has evolved to incorporate a wide range of genres, while their lyricism has focused on subjects including mental health, the troubles of school-age youth and coming of age, loss, the journey towards self-love, individualism, and the consequences of fame and recognition. Their discography and adjacent work has also referenced literature, philosophy and psychological concepts, and includes an alternate universe storyline.

Ditto (NewJeans song)

Ditto (NewJeans song)

"Ditto" is a song recorded by South Korean girl group NewJeans. It was released as the first single from their first single album OMG on December 19, 2022. The song was written by group member Minji, Ylva Dimberg, the Black Skirts, Oohyo, and producer 250.

NewJeans

NewJeans

NewJeans is a South Korean girl group formed by ADOR, a subsidiary of Hybe Corporation. The group is composed of five members: Minji, Hanni, Danielle, Haerin and Hyein. The group pre-released their debut single "Attention" on July 22, 2022, preceding their debut eponymous extended play, which was released on August 1, 2022.

Celebrity (IU song)

Celebrity (IU song)

"Celebrity" is a song by South Korean singer-songwriter IU. It was released on January 27, 2021, through EDAM Entertainment via Kakao M, and serves as the lead single from her fifth Korean-language studio album, Lilac. A dance-pop and electropop track, "Celebrity" was written by IU, with additional composition by Chloe Latimer and Celine Svanback, and Ryan S. Jhun, Jeppe London Bilsby, Lauritz Emil Christiansen, —the last three also handled arrangement.

iChart

The Instiz iChart is the first and only South Korean online music chart that aggregates the rankings of major music streaming services, including Melon, Genie, Bugs!, Vibe, Flo, and YouTube Music which provide real-time, daily, and weekly data.[7] The iChart has its own real-time and weekly rankings based on points given to songs.[8] The iChart is considered transparent as it calculates scores based on various agencies' ranking data, and updates its real-time and daily charts accordingly.[9] The users can also visit the source agencies’ websites directly to compare rankings. The records may be accessed by the public for three months.[10]

History

Before 2015, the iChart aggregated scores from 10 music service providers.[11] These 10 agencies were Melon, Mnet, Bugs!, Olleh, Soribada, Genie, Naver, Daum, Cyworld, and Monkey3. Each chart provided real-time and daily rankings. The removal and/or replacement of charts from the official iChart ranking list was due to 1) inconsistencies on its ranking criteria; 2) low volume of users; or 3) discontinued service.[12]

In February 2017, Melon, Mnet, and Genie shifted its streaming calculation for real-time charts between 12 PM and 6 PM only.[13] This meant that anything that was released outside that time period will not count towards the chart until 1 PM of the following day. This major change was reported as a measure in pursuit of music charts fairly reflecting a song's popularity.[14][15]

In May 2017, Olleh and Monkey3 was excluded from Instiz iChart ranking calculation and Naver Music score became doubled.[16]

In February 2019, Flo was added to the iChart.[17][18]

In October 2019, Mnet discontinued its service and merged with Genie, and was subsequently removed from the chart. Naver Music was also removed, and was replaced by Naver VIBE.

In May 2020, Melon made some changes on its real-time chart ranking calculation. The chart switched from rankings based on hourly usage per song to a chart calculated based on the number of unique listeners.[19] The streams and downloads from the past 24 hours was calculated, rather than the past hour.[20]

Mechanic

The real-time charts are updated during the course of the day, at 30 minutes past each hour. The daily charts, on the other hand, are updated once a day, and each ranking platform updates their charts at different times.[21]

The iChart gathers the data and attributes points to each song. The following table shows the point system that is reflected in the rankings to determine whether the song has achieved a RAK, CAK, or PAK.[22]

Rank Points
Daily chart Real-time chart
1st place 10 10
2nd place 7 7
3rd place 5 5
4th place 3 3
5th place 3 3
6th place 3 2
7th place 3 2
8th place 3 2
9th place 3 2
10th place 3 2
11th place 2 1
12th place 2 1
13th place 2 1
14th place 2 1
15th place 2 1
16th place 1 1
17th place 1 1
18th place 1 1
19th place 1 1
20th place 1 1

On top of these points, the Instiz iChart also attributes bonus points for more popular and widely used platforms than others. It applies a multiplier to the accumulated points that a song gets from certain charts. This multiplier only applies on daily charts.[23]

The following table shows the maximum points for every chart.

Music streaming
service
Multiplier Points Description
Melon 6x 12,480 the largest of the major digital music providers in South Korea, which has a market share of around 40% online subscribers.[24] It provides real-time (24Hits) and daily (Daily Top 100) rankings. Its criteria are 40% streaming (for accounts verified by Korean phone number) and 60% downloads for the past 24 hours.[25]
Genie 4x 9,120 a subsidiary of KT Corporation, is the 2nd largest music service provider in South Korea and has 24% market share. It provides real-time (Top 100 Realtime) and daily (Top 100 Daily) rankings. Its chart calculation is based on 50% streaming and 50% downloads. Genie chart freezes from 1 AM KST until 7 AM KST daily but the streams are still counted during this period.[26]
Bugs! 1x 4,080 a Korean digital music streaming service and accounts for 5% market share. It provides real-time (Song Chart Realtime) and daily (Song Chart Daily) rankings. Similar to Genie, its chart also freezes from 1 AM KST until 7 AM KST.[27]
Vibe 2x 3,360 created by Naver in partnership with YG, and accounts for 10% market share.[28] It provides real-time (Today Top 100) chart data.
Flo No daily chart 5,040 a relatively new service provider that was created by SK Telecom in partnership with JYP, SM, and Big Hit. It accounts for 18% market share. It provides real-time data only.[29]
YouTube Music Weekly chart only 5,040 developed by YouTube and held the third-largest market share in Korea (19.22%).[30]. It provides weekly data only.[31]

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Melon (online music service)

Melon (online music service)

Melon is a South Korean online music store and music streaming service introduced in November 2004, and developed by SK Telecom. LOEN Entertainment became the company-in-charge of the service in 2009. In 2017, Kakao merged Kakao Music into Melon to have one, unified music streaming service.

Genie Music

Genie Music

Genie Music (Korean: 지니뮤직), a subsidiary of KT Corporation, is a South Korean company that specializes in the production and distribution of music content. Its music streaming service is the second most used in South Korea with 2.5 million subscribers as of June 2018.

Bugs! (streaming service)

Bugs! (streaming service)

Bugs! is a South Korean subscription digital streaming service owned by NHN Entertainment Corporation. At the end of 2016, it held a 15% share of South Korea's music streaming market according to an IFPI survey of internet users.

Naver VIBE

Naver VIBE

Naver VIBE is a music streaming service developed by Naver Corporation. The service was operated alongside Naver's other music service, Naver Music, until the service ended on November 1, 2020 and merged with VIBE. Naver also operates another music service under its Japanese subsidiary, Line Corporation, called Line Music. It is the fifth largest music streaming service in South Korea.

Dreamus

Dreamus

Dreamus is an electronics and entertainment company founded in 1999 originally as ReignCom. Currently headquartered in South Korea, it is the parent company of South Korean-based iRiver, Astell & Kern and FLO, as well as Yurion and Funcake Entertainment Services. Since 2014, it has been a subsidiary of SK Telecom when it was formerly known as iRiver.

Mnet (TV channel)

Mnet (TV channel)

Mnet is a South Korean pay television music channel owned by CJ E&M, a division of CJ ENM, part of CJ Group.

KT Corporation

KT Corporation

KT Corporation, formerly Korea Telecom, is a South Korean telecommunications company. KT is the second-largest wireless carrier in South Korea, with 16.493 million subscribers as of Q4 2017.

Soribada

Soribada

Soribada was the first Korean peer-to-peer file-sharing service, launched in 2000 by Sean Yang. The name 'Soribada' means "Ocean of Sound" or "Receiving (downloading) Sound". It was closed in 2002 by court order but continued to be distributed with a stipulation that its users were responsible for any of the files downloaded. On November 5, 2003, Soribada was relaunched as and in July 2004, the website was renewed as a P2P search portal with a paid MP3 service in December 2004.

Naver

Naver

Naver is a South Korean online platform operated by the Naver Corporation. It was launched in 1999 as the first web portal in South Korea to develop and use its own search engine. It was also the world's first operator to introduce the comprehensive search feature, which compiles search results from various categories and presents them in a single page. Naver has since added a multitude of new services ranging from basic features such as e-mail and news to the world's first online Q&A platform Knowledge iN.

Daum (web portal)

Daum (web portal)

Daum is a South Korean web portal. It offers many Internet services to web users, including a popular free web-based e-mail, messaging service, forums, shopping, news and webtoon service. The word "daum" means "next" and also "diverse voices".

Cyworld

Cyworld

Cyworld (Korean: 싸이월드) is a South Korean social network service. Cyworld was originally part of SK communication, and became an independent company in 2014. Members cultivate relationships by forming Ilchon or "friendships" with each other through their minihompy. Avatars and "mini-rooms" are features of the service, which can make for a Sims-like experience.

South Korea

South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia. It constitutes the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and shares a land border with North Korea. The country's western border is formed by the Yellow Sea, while its eastern border is defined by the Sea of Japan. South Korea claims to be the sole legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. It has a population of 51.75 million, of which roughly half live in the Seoul Capital Area, the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the world. Other major cities include Incheon, Busan, and Daegu.

Related terms

Other "all-kill" categories on the Instiz iChart include Real-time All-Kill (RAK) and Certified All-Kill (CAK). RAK is achieved when a song becomes number 1 on all iChart real-time charts while CAK is achieved when a song becomes number 1 on all iChart real-time and daily charts. For a song to achieve a PAK, it needs to become number 1 on iChart weekly chart as well.[32]

Achievements

Top 10 songs with the most hourly PAKs

The following table lists the top 10 Korean songs with the highest number of perfect all-kills (in hours), from 2010 to present.

  Current record
Rank Song Artist(s) Album PAK
(hours)
Year Ref(s)
1 "Dynamite" BTS Be 610 2020 [33]
2 "Ditto" NewJeans OMG 607 2022 [34]
3 "Celebrity" IU Lilac 462 2021 [35]
4 "Any Song" Zico Random Box 330 2020 [36]
5 "Lilac" IU Lilac 265 2021 [37]
6 "Rollin'" Brave Girls Rollin' 262 2021 [38]
7 "Butter" BTS Non-album single 257 2021 [39]
8 "Beach Again" SSAK3 Non-album single 208 2020 [40]
9 "Love Scenario" iKON Return 204 2018 [41]
10 "Foolish Love" MSG Wannabe MSG Wannabe Special Album 169 2021 [34]
As of February 1, 2023

Artists with the most songs to achieve a PAK

The following table lists the top Korean artists with the highest number of songs that achieved a perfect all-kill from 2010 to present.

  Current record
Rank Artist No. of Songs Song Album Year Ref.
1 IU 21 "Nagging" Non-album single 2010 [42]
"Good Day" Real 2010 [43]
"The Story Only I Didn't Know" Real+ 2011 [44]
"You & I" Last Fantasy 2011 [45]
"The Red Shoes" Modern Times 2013 [46]
"Friday" 2013 [47]
"My Old Story" A Flower Bookmark 2014 [48]
"Leon" Infinite Challenge:
Yeongdong Expressway Music Festival
2015 [49]
"Twenty-Three" Chat-Shire 2015 [50]
"Through the Night" Palette 2017 [51]
"Can't Love You Anymore" 2017 [52]
"Palette" 2017 [53]
"Autumn Morning" A Flower Bookmark 2 2017 [54]
"Bbibbi" Non-album single 2018 [55]
"Love Poem" Love Poem 2019 [56]
"Blueming" 2019 [57]
"Give You My Heart" Crash Landing on You O.S.T 2020 [58]
"Eight" Non-album single 2020 [59]
"Celebrity" Lilac 2021 [60]
"Lilac" 2021 [61]
"Strawberry Moon" Non-album single 2021 [62]
2 Big Bang 6 "Blue" Alive 2012 [63]
"Loser" Made 2015 [64]
"Let's Not Fall in Love" 2015 [65]
"Fxxk It" 2016 [66]
"Flower Road" Non-album single 2018 [67]
"Still Life" Non-album single 2022 [68]
3 Twice 4 "TT" Twicecoaster : Lane 1 2016 [69]
"Cheer Up" Page Two 2016 [70]
"Knock Knock" Twicecoaster : Lane 2 2017 [71]
"Yes or Yes" Yes or Yes 2018 [72]
BTS 4 "Fake Love" Love Yourself: Tear 2018 [73]
"Boy with Luv" Map of the Soul: Persona 2019 [74]
"Dynamite" Be 2020 [75]
"Butter" Non-album single 2021 [76]
4 G-Dragon 3 "Having an Affair" Infinite Challenge:
Westcoast Highway Music Festival
2011 [77]
"That XX" One of a Kind 2012 [78]
"Untitled, 2014" Kwon Ji Yong 2017 [79]
Busker Busker 3 "Cherry Blossom Ending" Busker Busker 1st Album 2012 [80]
"If You Really Love Me" Busker Busker 1st Wrap Up Album 2012 [81]
"Love, At First" Busker Busker 2nd Album 2013 [82]
Blackpink 3 "Whistle" Square One 2016 [83]
"Ddu-Du Ddu-Du" Square Up 2018 [84]
"How You Like That" The Album 2020 [85]
Bolbbalgan4 3 "Some" Red Diary Page.1 2017 [86]
"Travel" Red Diary Page.2 2018 [87]
"Workaholic" Two Five 2019 [88]
5 2NE1 2 "I Am the Best" 2NE1 (2011 EP) 2011
"Lonely (2NE1 song)" [89]
miss A 2 "Good-bye Baby" A Class (album) 2011
"Only You" Colors (EP) 2015 [90]
PSY 2 "Gangnam Style" Psy 6 (Six Rules), Part 1 2012
"Gentleman" Non-album single 2013 [91]
Sistar 2 "Give It to Me" Give It to Me (album) 2013
"Shake It" Shake It (EP) 2015 [92]
Heize 2 "Star" Non-album single 2016
"You, Clouds, Rain" /// (You, Clouds, Rain) 2017 [93]
(G)I-dle 2 "Tomboy" I Never Die 2022 [94]
"Nxde" I Love
As of January 25, 2023

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Dynamite (BTS song)

Dynamite (BTS song)

"Dynamite" is a song recorded by South Korean boy band BTS, released on August 21, 2020, through Big Hit Entertainment and Sony Music Entertainment. It is the band's first song fully recorded in English. The song, written by David Stewart and Jessica Agombar and produced by Stewart, is an upbeat disco-pop song with elements of funk, soul, and bubblegum pop, and takes influence from 1970s music—it features snapping handclaps, echoing synths, and celebratory horns.

BTS

BTS

BTS, also known as the Bangtan Boys, is a South Korean boy band formed in 2010. The band consists of Jin, Suga, J-Hope, RM, Jimin, V, and Jungkook, who co-write and co-produce the majority of their material. Originally a hip hop group, their musical style has evolved to incorporate a wide range of genres, while their lyricism has focused on subjects including mental health, the troubles of school-age youth and coming of age, loss, the journey towards self-love, individualism, and the consequences of fame and recognition. Their discography and adjacent work has also referenced literature, philosophy and psychological concepts, and includes an alternate universe storyline.

Be (BTS album)

Be (BTS album)

Be is the fifth Korean-language studio album by South Korean boy band BTS. It was released on November 20, 2020, through Big Hit Entertainment, nine months after its predecessor, Map of the Soul: 7 (2020). Created in response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Be was inspired by BTS' perspective of life during the pandemic. The record sees the band members contributing to various aspects of album-making process including songwriting, development, production, and visual design.

Ditto (NewJeans song)

Ditto (NewJeans song)

"Ditto" is a song recorded by South Korean girl group NewJeans. It was released as the first single from their first single album OMG on December 19, 2022. The song was written by group member Minji, Ylva Dimberg, the Black Skirts, Oohyo, and producer 250.

NewJeans

NewJeans

NewJeans is a South Korean girl group formed by ADOR, a subsidiary of Hybe Corporation. The group is composed of five members: Minji, Hanni, Danielle, Haerin and Hyein. The group pre-released their debut single "Attention" on July 22, 2022, preceding their debut eponymous extended play, which was released on August 1, 2022.

OMG (single album)

OMG (single album)

OMG is the first single album by South Korean girl group NewJeans. The single album was released by ADOR, a subsidiary of Hybe Corporation, on January 2, 2023, and contains two tracks, including the lead single of the same name and "Ditto", a pre-release track which was released on December 19, 2022.

Celebrity (IU song)

Celebrity (IU song)

"Celebrity" is a song by South Korean singer-songwriter IU. It was released on January 27, 2021, through EDAM Entertainment via Kakao M, and serves as the lead single from her fifth Korean-language studio album, Lilac. A dance-pop and electropop track, "Celebrity" was written by IU, with additional composition by Chloe Latimer and Celine Svanback, and Ryan S. Jhun, Jeppe London Bilsby, Lauritz Emil Christiansen, —the last three also handled arrangement.

IU (singer)

IU (singer)

Lee Ji-eun, also known by her stage name IU (Korean: 아이유), is a South Korean singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. She signed with LOEN Entertainment in 2007 as a trainee and debuted as a singer at the age of fifteen with her first extended play (EP) Lost and Found (2008). Although her follow-up albums, Growing Up and IU...IM, brought mainstream success, it was only after the release of "Good Day", the lead single from her 2010 album Real, that she achieved national stardom. "Good Day" went on to spend five consecutive weeks at the top of South Korea's Gaon Digital Chart, and in 2019, it was ranked number one on Billboard's "100 Greatest K-Pop Songs of the 2010s" list.

Lilac (IU album)

Lilac (IU album)

Lilac is the fifth studio album by South Korean singer-songwriter IU. It was released on March 25, 2021, through Edam Entertainment. The album was certified platinum by the Korean Music Content Association.

Any Song

Any Song

"Any Song" is a song recorded by South Korean rapper Zico for his third extended play, Random Box (2020). The song was written and produced by Zico, with additional production from Poptime. It was released for digital download and streaming as a single on January 13, 2020, through KOZ Entertainment and Kakao M. Lyrically devoid of any characteristic message, the dancehall and hip hop song features an addictive chorus and sees Zico switching between rapping and singing.

Brave Girls

Brave Girls

Brave Girls is a South Korean girl group formed by producer Brave Brothers in 2011 and managed by Brave Entertainment. After making their debut with the single album The Difference on April 7, 2011, the group has since released six extended plays, including Back to da Future (2011), Re-Issue (2012), High Heels (2016), Rollin' (2017), Summer Queen (2021), and Thank You (2022). Initially a five-member group, Brave Girls has undergone multiple lineup changes and currently consists of Minyoung, Yujeong, Eunji, and Yuna, with no original members remaining. In 2021, the group gained a huge spike in popularity after their song "Rollin'" unexpectedly went viral.

Butter (song)

Butter (song)

"Butter" is a song recorded by South Korean boy band BTS. It was released as a digital single on May 21, 2021, through Big Hit Music and Sony Music Entertainment, as the band's second English-language single. A disco-pop, dance-pop, and EDM track, the song was written by Jenna Andrews, RM, Alex Bilowitz, Sebastian Garcia, Robert Grimaldi, Stephen Kirk, and Ron Perry, with production handled by the last three. Upon release, "Butter" received positive reviews from music critics, with praise towards its catchiness. It was a commercial success, topping charts in Hungary, India, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, South Korea, the United States and Vietnam, as well as Billboard's Global 200 chart. The song also reached the top 10 in over 30 other countries worldwide. A remix featuring American rapper Megan Thee Stallion was also released.

Source: "Perfect All-Kill", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 1st), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_All-Kill.

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