Pedro de Acuña y Meneses, Marqués de Assentar
Pedro de Acuña y Meneses, Marqués de Assentar
|Commander, Army of Flanders|
|Governor of Ceuta|
|Monarch||Charles II of Spain|
|Military commander of Novara|
|Monarch||Philip IV of Spain|
|Died||11 August 1674 (aged 67)|
Seneffe, Spanish Netherlands
|Cause of death||Killed in action|
|Rank||Maestre de campo|
|Commands||Tercio of Savoy 1655-1659 |
Tercio of Lombardy 1659-1662
|Battles/wars||Thirty Years War|
Franco-Spanish War (1635–1659)
Defence of Pavia; Battle of Fortana-Santa
Pedro de Acuña y Meneses, Marqués de Assentar (1607 to 1674), also known as Pedro da Cunha, was a Portuguese-born nobleman and soldier who served in the Spanish army during the 17th century. Appointed commander of the Army of Flanders in 1673, he was killed on 11 August 1674 at the Battle of Seneffe, then in the Spanish Netherlands.
Discover more about Pedro de Acuña y Meneses, Marqués de Assentar related topics
Pedro de Acuña y Meneses was born in 1607 in Santar, part of the Braga District in Portugal, only child of Lope da Cunha (1590-circa 1659), Lord of Santar, and his wife Violante da Meneses.
He married Francisca de la Cueva Enríquez (1640-1666), Lady-in-waiting to Queen Mariana of Austria; she died giving birth to a daughter, Manuela (1666-1706), who became the second wife of her maternal uncle Isidoro Melchor, Marqués de Bedmar (1652-1723).
Discover more about Personal details related topics
At the time of his birth, Portugal was part of the Iberian Union with Spain; his father was a member of the Council of Castile who was made Count of Sentar in 1636, while Pedro himself received the title Marqués de Assentar. When Portugal revolted in 1640 and declared its independence, the family remained loyal to Spain and was forced into exile in Madrid. In the first part of the Thirty Years War, Assentar served in Flanders, then transferred to Italy during the Franco-Spanish War (1635–1659). Appointed commander of the Tercio of Savoy in 1655, he led the defence of Pavia against a French army in 1655 and took part in the battle of Fortana-Santa in 1656. He inherited his father's title some time before 1659, when he took over the Tercio of Lombardy.
He became military commander of Novara in 1662, an important commercial centre in the Spanish-ruled Duchy of Milan, before being appointed Governor of Ceuta three years later. In 1673, Spain became involved in the Franco-Dutch War as an ally of the Dutch Republic and Assentar transferred to the Spanish Netherlands as commander of the Army of Flanders. On 11 August 1674, his unit formed part of an Allied army led by William of Orange which sought to outflank French forces under Condé near Seneffe. Taken by surprise, the Spanish infantry held their positions for most of the day, their courage and discipline helping to rescue William from what could otherwise have been a serious defeat. They were finally forced to retreat in the early evening, leaving behind their dead; these included Assentar, whose body was later returned by Condé for burial.
Discover more about Career related topics
Source: "Pedro de Acuña y Meneses, Marqués de Assentar", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 4th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_de_Acuña_y_Meneses,_Marqués_de_Assentar.
Get our FREE extension now!
Battle of Seneffe
Louis, Grand Condé
Alfonso de la Cueva, 1st Marquis of Bedmar
John, Duke of Valencia de Campos
Battle of Cassel (1677)
Battle of Saint-Denis (1678)
List of governors of Ceuta
Siege of Valenciennes (1676–1677)
Antonio Sebastián Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Marquess of Mancera
Army of Flanders
Battle of Valenciennes (1656)
Siege of Cambrai (1677)
Luís de Meneses, 3rd Count of Ericeira
Siege of Gravelines (1644)
Charles de Montsaulnin, Comte de Montal
Siege of Grave (1674)
Isidoro de la Cueva y Benavides
- De Périni, Hardÿ (1896). Batailles françaises, Volume V (in French). Ernest Flammarion.
- Serrano, Juan Miguel. "Pedro de Acuña y Meneses". Real Academia de la Historia (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 October 2021.
- Soto, Álex Claramunt. "Los tercios de Carlos II contra la Francia de Luis XIV". Larazon.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 October 2021.
- Van Nimwegen, Olaf (2010). The Dutch Army and the Military Revolutions, 1588–1688. Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1843835752.
- 1607 births
- 1674 deaths
- 17th-century Spanish people
- AC with 0 elements
- CS1 French-language sources (fr)
- CS1 Spanish-language sources (es)
- Military personnel of the Franco-Dutch War
- Military personnel of the Franco-Spanish War (1635–1659)
- Military personnel of the Thirty Years' War
- Spanish generals
- Use dmy dates from October 2021
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.