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Paul G. Kirk

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Paul G. Kirk
Paul Kirk Official Photo.jpg
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
September 24, 2009 – February 4, 2010
Appointed byDeval Patrick
Preceded byTed Kennedy
Succeeded byScott Brown
Chair of the Democratic National Committee
In office
February 2, 1985 – February 10, 1989
Preceded byCharles Manatt
Succeeded byRon Brown
Treasurer of the Democratic National Committee
In office
February 21, 1983 – February 2, 1985
Preceded byCharles Curry[1]
Succeeded bySharon Pratt
Personal details
Born
Paul Grattan Kirk Jr.

(1938-01-18) January 18, 1938 (age 85)
Newton, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse
Gail Loudermilk
(m. 1974)
Parents
RelativesWilliam Henry O'Connell (great-uncle)
Bill Cleary (brother-in-law)
EducationHarvard University (BA, JD)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1960–1968
RankCaptain
UnitUnited States Army Reserve

Paul Grattan Kirk Jr. (born January 18, 1938) is an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator from Massachusetts from 2009 to 2010, having been appointed to fill the vacancy created by the death of Ted Kennedy. From 1985 to 1989, he chaired the Democratic National Committee (DNC).

He served as co-chairman of the Commission on Presidential Debates, the chairman of the board of directors of the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation,[2] and a member of the board of directors of the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate.[3]

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United States Senate

United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the House of Representatives being the lower chamber. Together they compose the national bicameral legislature of the United States.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Maine to the east, Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. Massachusetts is the 6th smallest state by land area but is the 15th most populous state and the 3rd most densely populated, after New Jersey and Rhode Island. The state's capital and most populous city, as well as its cultural and financial center, is Boston. Massachusetts is also home to the urban core of Greater Boston, the largest metropolitan area in New England and a region profoundly influential upon American history, academia, and the research economy. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing, and trade. Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

Ted Kennedy

Ted Kennedy

Edward Moore Kennedy was an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States senator from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009. A member of the Democratic Party and the prominent political Kennedy family, he was the second most senior member of the Senate when he died. He is ranked fifth in United States history for length of continuous service as a senator. Kennedy was the younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and U.S. attorney general and U.S. senator Robert F. Kennedy. He was the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.

Democratic National Committee

Democratic National Committee

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the governing body of the United States Democratic Party. The committee coordinates strategy to support Democratic Party candidates throughout the country for local, state, and national office, as well as works to establish a "party brand". It organizes the Democratic National Convention held every four years to nominate a candidate for President of the United States and to formulate the party platform. While it provides support for party candidates, it does not have direct authority over elected officials. When a Democrat is president, the White House controls the Committee. According to Boris Heersink, "political scientists have traditionally described the parties’ national committees as inconsequential but impartial service providers."

Commission on Presidential Debates

Commission on Presidential Debates

The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) is a nonprofit corporation established in 1987 under the joint sponsorship of the Democratic and Republican political parties in the United States. The CPD sponsors and produces debates for U.S. presidential and vice-presidential candidates and undertakes research and educational activities relating to the debates. It has run all of the presidential debates held since 1988. The commission's debates are sponsored by private contributions from foundations and corporations as well as fees from hosting institutions.

Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate

Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate

The Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate is a non-profit civic engagement and educational institution on Columbia Point in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, next to the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum on the University of Massachusetts Boston campus. Named for long-time U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, the institute contains a full-scale reproduction of the United States Senate Chamber, a replica of Kennedy's Washington, D.C. office, and digital exhibits. The organization includes the Kennedy Home in Hyannis Port, which was donated to the institute in 2012 as part of a "mission of educating the public about the U.S. government, invigorating public discourse, emphasizing the importance of bipartisanship, and inspiring the next generation of citizens and leaders to engage in the public square." The Kennedy Institute is, along with the Bipartisan Policy Center and the Orrin G. Hatch Foundation, a co-sponsor of The Senate Project, whose goal is, through hosting a series of Oxford-style debates between leading U.S. Senators, to reintroduce the culture of seeking common ground and bipartisan consensus that has been the essence of the Senate since it was conceived in 1789.

Early life and education

Kirk, one of five children, was born in Newton, Massachusetts. He is the son of Josephine Elizabeth (née O'Connell) and Judge Paul G. Kirk Sr., an associate justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts.[4] His father was of Irish and English descent and his mother was of Irish ancestry.[5] He attended The Roxbury Latin School and graduated from St. Sebastian's School in 1956, Harvard College in 1960, and Harvard Law School in 1964. In college, Kirk took part in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps program.[6][7] He received his commission as a second lieutenant in 1960 and served on active duty for six months to complete his initial training.[8] Kirk remained in the United States Army Reserve until 1968, when he was discharged as a captain.[7][9]

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Newton, Massachusetts

Newton, Massachusetts

Newton is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. It is approximately 7 miles (11 km) west of downtown Boston. Newton resembles a patchwork of thirteen villages, without a city center. According to the 2020 U.S. Census, the population of Newton was 88,923.

Paul G. Kirk Sr.

Paul G. Kirk Sr.

Paul Grattan Kirk was an American jurist who served as an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court

The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) is the highest court in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Although the claim is disputed by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the SJC claims the distinction of being the oldest continuously functioning appellate court in the Americas, with a recognized history dating to the establishment of the Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature in 1692 under the charter of the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

Harvard College

Harvard College

Harvard College is the undergraduate college of Harvard University, a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Part of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard College is Harvard University's traditional undergraduate program, offering AB and SB degrees. It is highly selective, with fewer than four percent of applicants being offered admission as of 2022. Harvard College students participate in over 450 extracurricular organizations and nearly all live on campus. First-year students reside in or near Harvard Yard and upperclass students reside in other on-campus residential housing.

Harvard Law School

Harvard Law School

Harvard Law School is the law school of Harvard University, a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1817, it is the oldest continuously operating law school in the United States.

Reserve Officers' Training Corps

Reserve Officers' Training Corps

The Reserve Officers' Training Corps is a group of college- and university-based officer-training programs for training commissioned officers of the United States Armed Forces.

United States Army Reserve

United States Army Reserve

The United States Army Reserve (USAR) is a reserve force of the United States Army. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard constitute the Army element of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces.

Captain (United States O-3)

Captain (United States O-3)

In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), U.S. Air Force (USAF), and U.S. Space Force (USSF), captain is a company-grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3. It ranks above first lieutenant and below major. It is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant in the Navy/Coast Guard officer rank system and is different from the higher Navy/Coast Guard rank of captain. The insignia for the rank consists of two silver bars, with slight stylized differences between the Army/Air Force version and the Marine Corps version.

Career

Kirk was admitted to the Massachusetts Bar in 1965.[10]

Kirk is affiliated with the law firm Sullivan & Worcester LLP of Boston, Massachusetts, and was a partner from 1977 to 1990.[2] He is the chairman and chief executive officer of Kirk & Associates, Inc., a business advisory and consulting firm located in Boston. He is also a member of the board of directors of the Hartford Financial Services Group, Inc., Rayonier, Incorporated, and Cedar Realty Trust, Inc. He was a board member of ITT Corporation from 1989 to 1997 and Bradley Real Estate, Inc. from 1991 to 2000.[2] Kirk is a trustee of Stonehill College. He also served as a trustee of St. Sebastian's School from 1992 to 2004 and again from 2006 to 2009. He is past chairman of the Harvard Board of Overseers Nominating Committee and is the chairman of the Harvard Overseers Committee to Visit the Department of Athletics.

From 1992 to 2001 Kirk was the chairman of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs.

DNC

Kirk with his predecessor, Senator Ted Kennedy
Kirk with his predecessor, Senator Ted Kennedy

Kirk was a special assistant to Senator Ted Kennedy from 1969 to 1977. In 1983, he became treasurer of the national Democratic Party.

In 1985 Kirk was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee despite opposition from Virginia Governor Chuck Robb and a group of southern state Democrats who went on to form the Democratic Leadership Council.[11] He caused a brief stir when he suggested means testing for Social Security, but he quickly withdrew his remarks.[12] In the 1986 mid-term elections, under Kirk's chairmanship, the Democrats regained control of the Senate, which had had a Republican majority since the 1980 elections. Kirk resigned shortly after Republican vice president George H. W. Bush's victory over Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis in the 1988 presidential election. He was succeeded as DNC chairman by Ron Brown. During his time as DNC Chair, he promoted and executed a successful plan to take over the planning of presidential debates.

On May 2, 2008, Paul Kirk formally pledged his superdelegate nomination vote in the summer 2008 national Democratic convention to Barack Obama.[13]

U.S. Senate

In August 2009, Senator Ted Kennedy died, leaving a vacancy in the Massachusetts Senate delegation. Five years earlier in 2004, the Massachusetts General Court had withdrawn the authority of the governor to fill a U.S. Senate vacancy by appointment, to prevent the then-Governor Mitt Romney, a Republican, from appointing a fellow Republican to fill the remainder of Democrat John Kerry's Senate term, if Kerry were to win the 2004 presidential election. The legislation was enacted over Romney's veto.[14][15][16][17][18] At that time, Senator Ted Kennedy successfully made personal appeals to Massachusetts Democratic legislative leaders to pass the bill, which had been stalled prior to his request.[19] The new law called for a special election months later to fill the vacancy. However, Kennedy's death denied Democrats in the U.S. Senate the 60‑vote supermajority required to end filibusters. Given the urgency of and narrow partisan support for some legislation before Congress, most notably health care reform, Democratic lawmakers and liberal pundits called for an interim senator to be appointed so that Massachusetts would have full Senate representation until the special election; Kennedy himself had requested such a change before he died. In September, the General Court passed legislation restoring the governor's power to make interim appointments to serve until the special election stipulated in the earlier legislation is held, over multiple bipartisan concerns of hypocrisy.[20][21][22][23][24] Kennedy's two sons, Patrick J. Kennedy and Edward Kennedy Jr.;[25] and his wife, Victoria Reggie Kennedy,[23] had all expressed their preference for Kirk. On September 23, 2009, several national media organizations reported that Kirk was favored by the family of the late Senator Edward M. Kennedy to be the senator's interim replacement, and that the family had communicated their preference to Governor Deval Patrick.[26][27][28] Governor Patrick announced Kirk's appointment the next day.[10][29][30] Kirk pledged he would not be a candidate in the special election, which was won by Republican Scott Brown.[31][32] Kirk was sworn into office on September 25, 2009.[33]

Vice President Joe Biden swears in Kirk, as Senator John Kerry looks on
Vice President Joe Biden swears in Kirk, as Senator John Kerry looks on

On September 24, 2009, members of the Massachusetts Republican Party filed suit seeking to block the appointment of Kirk, saying that under commonwealth law, the law giving Gov. Patrick the right to appoint Kirk should not take effect for 90 days. A hearing was scheduled for the morning of September 25 to resolve the issue.[34] A Suffolk Superior Court judge dismissed the case the same day, and Kirk took the oath of office as senator that afternoon.[35][36]

On January 19, 2010, Scott Brown, a Republican state senator, was elected to serve the balance of Kennedy's term. Although Kirk was only appointed until his successor was elected,[37] he continued to sit, and voted on the Senate floor on January 20, 2010,[38] without any objection from Senate staff or Senate Republicans. This situation is analogous to 1993, when Kay Bailey Hutchison was elected on June 5, but Bob Krueger continued to hold the seat until she took the oath of office on June 14, but was different from when Ted Kennedy was allowed to be sworn into office the day after his special election to the Senate in 1962.[39][40] Kirk was present at his successor's swearing in ceremony on February 4, 2010.

Later career

Kirk supported Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries.[41] Kirk has written opinion columns for The Boston Globe.[42]

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Rayonier

Rayonier

Rayonier Inc, headquartered in Wildlight, Florida, is a timberland real estate investment trust ("REIT") with assets located in some of the most productive softwood timber growing regions in the United States and New Zealand. Its core business segments are timber and real estate.

Stonehill College

Stonehill College

Stonehill College is a private Roman Catholic liberal arts college in Easton, Massachusetts. It was founded in 1948 by the Congregation of Holy Cross and is located on the original estate of Frederick Lothrop Ames Jr., with 29 buildings that complement the original Georgian-style Ames mansion.

Ted Kennedy

Ted Kennedy

Edward Moore Kennedy was an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States senator from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009. A member of the Democratic Party and the prominent political Kennedy family, he was the second most senior member of the Senate when he died. He is ranked fifth in United States history for length of continuous service as a senator. Kennedy was the younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and U.S. attorney general and U.S. senator Robert F. Kennedy. He was the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.

Chuck Robb

Chuck Robb

Charles Spittal Robb is an American politician from Virginia and former officer in the United States Marine Corps. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 64th governor of Virginia from 1982 to 1986 and a United States senator from 1989 until 2001. In 2004, he co-chaired the Iraq Intelligence Commission.

Democratic Leadership Council

Democratic Leadership Council

The Democratic Leadership Council (DLC) was founded in 1985 and closed in 2011. Founded and directed by Al From, prominent members include Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, Delaware Senator Joe Biden, and Tennessee Senator Al Gore. The DLC argued that the United States Democratic Party should shift away from the leftward turn it took in the late 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. One of its main purposes was to win back white middle class voters with ideas that addressed their concerns. The DLC hailed the election and reelection of Bill Clinton as proof of the viability of Third Way politicians and as a DLC success story. It was a non-profit 501(c)(4) corporation.

Social Security (United States)

Social Security (United States)

In the United States, Social Security is the commonly used term for the federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program and is administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA). The original Social Security Act was enacted in 1935, and the current version of the Act, as amended, encompasses several social welfare and social insurance programs.

Democratic Party (United States)

Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. Founded in 1828, it was predominantly built by Martin Van Buren, who assembled a wide cadre of politicians in every state behind war hero Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party. Its main political rival has been the Republican Party since the 1850s. The party is a big tent, and is less ideologically uniform than the Republican Party due to the broader list of unique voting blocs that compose it, though modern liberalism is the majority ideology in the party.

United States Senate

United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the House of Representatives being the lower chamber. Together they compose the national bicameral legislature of the United States.

Republican Party (United States)

Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists who opposed the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which allowed for the potential expansion of chattel slavery into the western territories. Since Ronald Reagan's presidency in the 1980s, conservatism has been the dominant ideology of the GOP. It has been the main political rival of the Democratic Party since the mid-1850s. The Republican Party's historical predecessor is considered to be Northern members of the Whig Party, with Republican presidents Abraham Lincoln, Rutherford B. Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, and Benjamin Harrison all being Whigs before switching to the party, from which they were elected. The collapse of the Whigs, which had previously been one of the two major parties in the country, strengthened the party's electoral success.

George H. W. Bush

George H. W. Bush

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as the 43rd vice president from 1981 to 1989 under President Ronald Reagan, in the U.S. House of Representatives, as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and as Director of Central Intelligence.

Michael Dukakis

Michael Dukakis

Michael Stanley Dukakis is an American retired lawyer and politician who served as governor of Massachusetts from 1975 to 1979 and again from 1983 to 1991. He is the longest-serving governor in Massachusetts history and only the second Greek-American governor in U.S. history, after Spiro Agnew. He was nominated by the Democratic Party for president in the 1988 election, losing to the Republican nominee, Vice President George H. W. Bush.

Ron Brown

Ron Brown

Ronald Harmon Brown was an American politician. He served as the United States Secretary of Commerce during the first term of President Bill Clinton. Prior to this he was chairman of the Democratic National Committee (DNC). He was the first African American to hold these positions. He was killed, along with 34 others in a 1996 plane crash in Croatia.

Personal life

In 1974, he married Gail Loudermilk. They reside in Marstons Mills, a village of Barnstable, Massachusetts. Kirk is a great-nephew of the late Cardinal William O'Connell and the brother-in-law of ice hockey player and coach Bill Cleary.[43][44][45]

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Marstons Mills, Massachusetts

Marstons Mills, Massachusetts

Marstons Mills is a village in the town of Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States. It is primarily residential, located on Massachusetts Route 28, and rural in nature. Main roads also include Massachusetts Route 149, Race Lane, River Road, Osterville-West Barnstable Road, and Santuit-Newtown Road.

Barnstable, Massachusetts

Barnstable, Massachusetts

The Town of Barnstable is a town in the U.S. state of Massachusetts and the county seat of Barnstable County. Barnstable is the largest community, both in land area and population, on Cape Cod, and is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that have been granted city forms of government by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts but wish to retain "the town of" in their official names. At the 2020 census it had a population of 48,916. The town contains several villages within its boundaries. Its largest village, Hyannis, is the central business district of the county and home to Barnstable Municipal Airport, the airline hub of Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Additionally, Barnstable is a 2007 winner of the All-America City Award.

William Henry O'Connell

William Henry O'Connell

William Henry O'Connell was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Boston from 1907 until his death in 1944, and was made a cardinal in 1911.

Bill Cleary (ice hockey)

Bill Cleary (ice hockey)

William John Cleary Jr. is an American former ice hockey player, coach, and athletic administrator. He played on the U.S. National Team that won the 1960 Winter Olympics gold medal, and is a notable Belmont Hill alumnus.

Source: "Paul G. Kirk", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_G._Kirk.

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References
  1. ^ Means, Marianne (February 21, 1983). "'Winds' in D.C." The Post-Star. Vol. 79, no. 72. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ a b c Goodnough, Abby (September 24, 2009). "Kirk Heads to Senate With Brief, Crucial Mission". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "Kirk's the keeper". Boston Herald. September 24, 2009. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
  4. ^ "Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court website". Massreports.com. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  5. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/senators/kirk.htm
  6. ^ ""Listen and Learn in Order to Lead": The ROTC Commissioning Ceremony". Harvard Magazine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Magazine Inc. May 27, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  7. ^ a b Congressional Directory for the 111th Congress (PDF). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Publishing Office. December 2009. p. 126.
  8. ^ Knott, Stephen F. (2016). "Paul G. Kirk, Jr. Oral History (11/2005)". Kennedy Institute: oral History. The Miller Center Foundation and the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate.
  9. ^ Nolan, Martin F. (November 3, 2016). "The Boston Irish Honors 2016 for Distinguished Public Service: Paul G. Kirk, Jr". Boston Neighborhood News. Boston, MA.
  10. ^ a b Fletcher, Dan (September 24, 2009). "Paul Kirk Jr., Kennedy's Replacement". TIME. Archived from the original on September 27, 2009.
  11. ^ Rae, Nicol C. (1994). Southern Democrats. Oxford University Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-19-508709-3.
  12. ^ Love, Keith; Karen Tumulty (April 18, 1985). "Top Democrat Stirs Fuss on Social Security". Los Angeles Times.
  13. ^ Salant, Jonathan D. (May 2, 2008). "Former Democratic Party Leader Paul Kirk Backs Obama". Bloomberg.
  14. ^ "Chapter 236 of the Acts of 2004". Acts of 2004 (Session Laws). Massachusetts General Court. July 30, 2004.
  15. ^ Belluck, Pam (June 25, 2004). "Massachusetts Politicians Fight Over a Kerry Victory". The New York Times.
  16. ^ Zezima, Katie (July 2, 2004). "New England: Massachusetts: Senate Approves Interim-Appointment Bill". The New York Times.
  17. ^ Greenberger, Scott S. (July 31, 2004). "Romney veto overridden:Governor can no longer fill vacancies in the US Senate". The Boston Globe.
  18. ^ "Devil in the Details". The American Prospect. July 16, 2004. Archived from the original on August 10, 2011. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
  19. ^ Phillips, Frank (June 11, 2004). "Special election bill gets new life: Voters would pick successor to Kerry". The Boston Globe.
  20. ^ Viser, Matt; Phillips, Frank (September 24, 2009). "Kirk named to fill Kennedy seat". The Boston Globe.
  21. ^ Viser, Matt (September 17, 2009). "Mass. House approves bill that would fill Kennedy seat". The Boston Globe.
  22. ^ "Massachusetts Senate clears way for Kennedy replacement". CNN. September 22, 2009.
  23. ^ a b Viser, Matt (September 23, 2009). "All eyes turn to Patrick as he mulls appointee for Kennedy seat". Boston Globe.
  24. ^ Cillizza, Chris (September 9, 2009). "Kerry Pledges Support For Mass.-Senate Appointee". Washington Post.
  25. ^ Viser, Matt (September 23, 2009). "Senate OK's Kennedy successor bill". The Boston Globe.
  26. ^ Goodnough, Abby; Hulse, Carl (September 23, 2009). "Kennedy Confidant Expected to Take Senate Seat". The New York Times.
  27. ^ Viser, Matt (September 23, 2009). "Senate OK's Kennedy successor bill". The Boston Globe.
  28. ^ "Kirk is Kennedy family favorite to fill Mass. Senate seat". CNN. September 23, 2009.
  29. ^ "PAUL KIRK Tapped For Kennedy Senate Seat". The Huffington Post. September 23, 2009.
  30. ^ Phillips, Kate (September 24, 2009). "Kennedy Seat Appointment Is Imminent". The New York Times.
  31. ^ O'Sullivan, Jim (September 24, 2009). "Patrick circulates 'talking points' on interim Snate appointee". State House News Service.
  32. ^ Viser, Matt (September 24, 2009). "Kirk named to fill Kennedy seat". The Boston Globe.
  33. ^ Johnson, Glen (September 24, 2009). "Kennedy loyalist tapped as Senate replacement". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  34. ^ "GOP files suit to block Kirk". Politico. September 24, 2009.
  35. ^ Rhee, Foon (September 25, 2009). "GOP fails to block Kirk swearing-in". The Boston Globe.
  36. ^ Montopoli, Brian (September 25, 2009). "Paul Kirk Sworn In, Replaces Kennedy in Senate". CBS News.
  37. ^ "Kirk Can't Vote After Tuesday". The Weekly Standard. January 16, 2010.
  38. ^ "Roll Call Vote 1, Second Session, 111th Congress". U.S. Senate.
  39. ^ "Congressional Biographical Directory: Robert Krueger". Congressional Biographical Directory.
  40. ^ "Congressional Biographical Directory: Kay Bailey Hutchison". Congressional Biographical Directory.
  41. ^ "Former DNC chair backs Bernie Sanders". MSNBC. January 14, 2016.
  42. ^ Kirk, Paul. "Progressive thoughts for Super Tuesday - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved October 6, 2020.
  43. ^ Lockwood, Jim (September 25, 2009). "Remains of Cardinal O'Connell could be relocated". The Pilot.
  44. ^ Paulson, Michael (September 24, 2009). "Family ties: Kirk is heir to Boston cardinal". The Boston Globe.
  45. ^ Leary, Robert V. (December 4, 1960). "New Appointee to State Supreme Bench: Kirk Thrives on Hard Work". The Boston Globe.
External links
Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the Democratic National Committee
1985–1989
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
2009–2010
Served alongside: John Kerry
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Senator Order of precedence of the United States Succeeded byas Former US Senator

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