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Pai Ya-tsan

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Pai Ya-tsan
白雅燦
Born (1945-01-08) 8 January 1945 (age 77)
NationalityTaiwan
Alma materNational Chengchi University

Pai Ya-tsan (Chinese: 白雅燦; pinyin: Bái Yǎcàn; born 8 January 1945) is a Taiwanese political activist. During his imprisonment, Amnesty International designated Pai a prisoner of conscience.

Raised in Changhua County, Pai studied law at National Chengchi University.[1] His political involvement began in 1969, campaigning for Huang Hsin-chieh, who won election to the Legislative Yuan.[1] Suspected of sedition, Pai was jailed for four months in 1971, then released.[1][2] In 1973, he supported a number of tangwai candidates for Taipei City Council.[1] Pai chose to contest the legislative election of 1975, but was arrested in October for distributing campaign fliers which contained 29 questions addressed to Chiang Ching-kuo, as well as political policies suggested by Pai.[2][3] The next month, he went to trial and was sentenced to life imprisonment by a military court.[4] While imprisoned he went on hunger strikes to protest foreign policies and political repression.[5][6] In February 1986, legislators Chiang Peng-chien and Fang Su-min petitioned for Pai's release.[7] Instead, Pai's prison sentence was commuted to fifteen years upon the lifting of martial law in July 1987.[8] Throughout the year, Pai's health continued to decline,[8] and he was released in April 1988.[9]

In November 2018, Pai contested the Changhua County magistracy as an independent candidate.[10]

2018 Changhua County magistrate election results[11]
No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Wei Ming-ku Democratic Progressive Party 283,269 39.87%
2 Wang Huei-mei Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 377,795 53.18% Vote1.svg
3 Pai Ya-tsan Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 7,402 1.04%
4 Huang Wen-ling Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 34,690 4.88%
5 Hung Min-xiong (洪敏雄) Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 7,263 1.02%
Total voters  1,031,222
Valid votes  710,419
Invalid votes  
Voter turnout  68.89%

Discover more about Pai Ya-tsan related topics

Pinyin

Pinyin

Hanyu Pinyin, often shortened to just pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Mandarin Chinese in China, and to some extent, in Singapore and Malaysia. It is often used to teach Mandarin, normally written in Chinese form, to learners already familiar with the Latin alphabet. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones, but pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written in the Latin script, and is also used in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The word Hànyǔ literally means "Han language", while Pīnyīn (拼音) means "spelled sounds".

Amnesty International

Amnesty International

Amnesty International is an international non-governmental organization focused on human rights, with its headquarters in the United Kingdom. The organization says it has more than ten million members and supporters around the world. The stated mission of the organization is to campaign for "a world in which every person enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments." The organization has played a notable role on human rights issues due to its frequent citation in media and by world leaders.

Prisoner of conscience

Prisoner of conscience

A prisoner of conscience (POC) is anyone imprisoned because of their race, sexual orientation, religion, or political views. The term also refers to those who have been imprisoned or persecuted for the nonviolent expression of their conscientiously held beliefs.

Changhua County

Changhua County

Changhua County is the smallest county on the main island of Taiwan by area, and the fourth smallest in the country. With a total population of 1.3 million, Changhua County is the most populous county in the Republic of China. Its capital is Changhua City and it is part of the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area.

National Chengchi University

National Chengchi University

National Chengchi University is a public research university in Taipei. The university is also considered as the earliest public service training facility of the Republic of China. First established in Nanjing in 1927, the university was subsequently relocated to Taipei in 1954. It is considered to be one of the most prestigious and prominent universities in Taiwan. The university, abbreviated as NCCU, specializes in arts and humanities, mass media, linguistics and literature, social sciences, economics, management, politics, and international affairs programs. It is the only publicly funded university in Taiwan which provides courses in journalism, advertising, radio and television, diplomacy, and several languages which are not taught at other institutions in Taiwan. The name Chengchi means governance or politics, and refers to its founding in 1927 as a training institution for senior civil service for the Nanjing Nationalist government of the Republic of China. The university has strong ties with academic institutions like Academia Sinica, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, National Taiwan University and National Palace Museum.

Huang Hsin-chieh

Huang Hsin-chieh

Huang Hsin-chieh was a Taiwanese politician, Taipei city council member, National Assembly representative, Legislative Yuan legislator, publisher of Formosa Magazine and Taiwan Political Theory magazine (台灣政論), senior Dangwai Leader, third chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), and senior adviser to the president of the Republic of China. He was born on August 20, 1928 during the period when Taiwan was under Japanese governance also known to the Japanese as the Japan governance period of Taiwan and was fluent in Japanese and Taiwanese. He married Chang Yueh-ching (張月卿) in 1954 and had four children and adopted sons. They lived in a modest residence on Chongqing N. Rd in Datong District, Taipei City for over three decades.

Legislative Yuan

Legislative Yuan

The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of China (Taiwan) located in Taipei. The Legislative Yuan is composed of 113 members, who are directly elected for 4-year terms by people of the Taiwan Area through a parallel voting system.

Taipei City Council

Taipei City Council

Taipei City Council is the city council of Taipei, Taiwan. One of the largest local councils in Taiwan, the city council is currently composed of 63 councillors, all elected lately in the 2018 Taiwanese local elections.

Chiang Ching-kuo

Chiang Ching-kuo

Chiang Ching-kuo was a politician of the Republic of China after its retreat to Taiwan. The eldest and only biological son of former president Chiang Kai-shek, he held numerous posts in the government of the Republic of China and ended martial law in 1987. He served as Premier of the Republic of China between 1972 and 1978, and was President of the Republic of China from 1978 until his death in 1988.

Chiang Peng-chien

Chiang Peng-chien

Chiang Peng-chien was a Taiwanese politician who was a co-founder and the first chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party. Chiang was elected a member of the Legislative Yuan in 1983 and became a member of the Control Yuan in 1996.

Fang Su-min

Fang Su-min

Fang Su-min is a Taiwanese politician.

Martial law in Taiwan

Martial law in Taiwan

Martial law in Taiwan refers to the periods in the history of Taiwan after World War II during control by the Republic of China Armed Forces of the Kuomintang-led Government of the Republic of China regime. The term is specifically used to refer to the over 38-year-long consecutive martial law period between 20 May 1949 and 14 July 1987, which was qualified as "the longest imposition of martial law by a regime anywhere in the world" at that time.

Source: "Pai Ya-tsan", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pai_Ya-tsan.

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References
  1. ^ a b c d "Pai Ya-ts'an: profile of a political prisoner" (PDF). Taiwan Communiqué (22): 16–18. October 1985. ISSN 1027-3999. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b Han Cheung (20 October 2019). "Taiwan in Time: White Terror in late October". Taipei Times. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  3. ^ "AI urges Taiwan government to release election candidate" (PDF). Amnesty International. February 1976. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Pai Ya-tsan, Republic of China (Taiwan)" (PDF). Amnesty International. August 1985. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Pai Ya-tsan on hunger strike" (PDF). Taiwan Communiqué (17): 20. November 1984. ISSN 1027-3999. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Imprisoned Taiwanese opposition leaders on hunger strike" (PDF). Taiwan Communiqué (20): 1. June 1985. ISSN 1027-3999. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Prison Report: Two political prisoners on hunger strike again" (PDF). Taiwan Communiqué (25): 15. May 1986. ISSN 1027-3999. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Prison report: Pai Ya-ts'an's health deteriorating" (PDF). Taiwan Communiqué (33): 16. February 1988. ISSN 1027-3999. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Why They Were Arrested and Imprisoned" (PDF). Taiwan Communiqué (34): 19. May 1988. ISSN 1027-3999. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  10. ^ "臺灣省彰化縣第十八屆縣長選舉選舉公 報" (PDF) (in Chinese). Central Election Commission. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  11. ^ "2018 Local Elections". Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2019-04-11.

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