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Padang Besar (federal constituency)

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Padang Besar (P001)
Perlis constituency
DUN Perlis 2020.svg
Federal constituency
LegislatureDewan Rakyat
MP
Rusydan Rusmi
PN
Constituency created1994
First contested1995
Last contested2022
Demographics
Electors (2022)[1]60,192
Area (km²)[2]450

Padang Besar is a federal constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1995.

The federal constituency was created from parts of the Kangar constituency in the 1994 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Dewan Rakyat under the first past the post voting system.

Discover more about Padang Besar (federal constituency) related topics

Perlis

Perlis

Perlis,, also known by its honorific title Perlis Indera Kayangan, is the smallest state in Malaysia by area and population. Located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, it borders the Thai provinces of Satun and Songkhla to the north and the Malaysian state of Kedah to the south. It was called Palit by the Siamese when it was under their influence. Perlis had a population of 227,025 as of the 2010 census.

Malaysia

Malaysia

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital, largest city and the seat of the legislative branch of the federal government. The nearby planned capital of Putrajaya is the administrative capital, which represents the seat of both the executive branch and the judicial branch of the federal government. With a population of over 32 million, Malaysia is the world's 45th-most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia is in Tanjung Piai. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, home to numerous endemic species.

Dewan Rakyat

Dewan Rakyat

The Dewan Rakyat is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament, the federal legislature of Malaysia. The chamber and its powers are established by Article 44 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Dewan Rakyat sits in the Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur, along with the Dewan Negara, the upper house.

Kangar (federal constituency)

Kangar (federal constituency)

Kangar is a federal constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1974.

Demographics

Ethnic breakdown of Padang Besar's electorate as of 2022[3]

  Malay (86.67%)
  Chinese (8.38%)
  Other ethnicities (2.96%)
  Indian (1.99%)

History

Polling districts

According to the federal gazette issued on 31 October 2022, the Padang Besar constituency is divided into 27 polling districts.[4]

State constituency Polling Districts Code Location
Titi Tinggi (N01) Jalan Padang Besar 001/01/01 SMK Raja Puan Muda Tengku Fauziah
Titi Tinggi 001/01/02 SK Titi Tinggi
FELDA Mata Ayer 001/01/03 SK (FELDA) Mata Ayer
Kampong Kastam 001/01/04 SK Padang Besar Utara
Padang Besar 001/01/05 SMK Padang Besar Utara
FELDA Rimba Mas 001/01/06 SK (FELDA) Rimba Mas
Lubok Sireh 001/01/07 SK Lubok Sireh
Beseri(N02) Pekan Kaki Bukit 001/02/01 SJK (C) Kong Hwa
Tasoh 001/02/02 Kem Tasoh Pusat Ko-Kurikulum JPN Perlis
Guar Jentil 001/02/03 SK Guar Jentik
Beseri 001/02/04 SK Beseri
Tunjong 001/02/05 SMK Tengku Sulaiman
Chuping(N03) Panggas 001/03/01 SMK Datuk Jaafar Hasan
Sungai Buloh 001/03/02 SK Batu Bertangkup
Kilang Gula Chuping 001/03/03 SR Islam III
Kubang Perun 001/03/04 SMK Guar Nangka
Guar Nangka 001/03/05 SK Guar Nangka
FELDA Chuping 001/03/06 SK (FELDA) Chuping
Mata Ayer(N04) Tok Kaya Man 001/04/01 SK Dato Kayaman
Hutan Temin 001/04/02 SK Oran
Kampung Gial 001/04/03 SJK (C) Kong Aik
Santan(N05) Kampong Darat 001/05/01 SK Seri Tunjong
Paya 001/05/02 SK Paya
Alor Tampang 001/05/03 Pusat Kegiatan (Kemas) Alor Tampang
Padang Lati 001/05/04 Dewan Seri Melati Beseri
Padang Pauh 001/05/05 SMK Abi
Santan 001/05/06 SK Santan

Representation history

Members of Parliament for Padang Besar
Parliament Years Member Party
Constituency created from Kangar
9th 1995–1999 Azmi Khalid BN (UMNO)
10th 1999–2004
11th 2004–2008
12th 2008–2013
13th 2013–2018 Zahidi Zainul Abidin
14th 2018–2022
15th 2022–present Rusydan Rusmi PN (PAS)

State constituency

Parliamentary

constituency

State constituency
1955–59* 1959–1974 1974–1986 1986–1995 1995–2004 2004–2018 2018–present
Padang Besar Beseri
Chuping
Mata Ayer
Santan
Titi Tinggi

Current state assembly members

No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party)
N1 Titi Tinggi Izzan Ibrahim PN (BERSATU)
N2 Beseri Haziq Asyraf Dun PN (PAS)
N3 Chuping Saad Seman
N4 Mata Ayer Wan Badariyah Wan Saad
N5 Santan Azmir Azizan

Local governments

No. Local Government
P001 Kangar Municipal Council

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Kangar (federal constituency)

Kangar (federal constituency)

Kangar is a federal constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1974.

Azmi Khalid

Azmi Khalid

Azmi bin Khalid is a former member of the Parliament of Malaysia. He represented the constituency of Padang Besar in Perlis. He was also a minister in the federal Cabinet from 1999 to 2008, as a member of the United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) in the then-ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.

Zahidi Zainul Abidin

Zahidi Zainul Abidin

Datuk Zahidi bin Zainul Abidin is a Malaysian politician who has served as Deputy Minister of Communications and Multimedia for the second term in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob and Minister Annuar Musa since August 2021. He served his first term in the Perikatan Nasional (PN) administration under former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin and former Minister Saifuddin Abdullah from March 2020 to August 2021, Chairman of the Rubber Industry Smallholders Development Authority (RISDA) from 2015 to 2018 and Member of the Perlis State Executive Council (EXCO) in the BN state administration under former Menteri Besar Shahidan Kassim from 1999 to 2006. He has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Padang Besar since May 2013. He is an independent and was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the BN coalition. He was also the Division Chief of UMNO of Padang Besar. He is also the Chairman of the Malaysian International Institute of Islamic Cooperation (IKIAM).

Titi Tinggi (state constituency)

Titi Tinggi (state constituency)

Titi Tinggi is a state constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Perlis State Legislative Assembly.

Beseri (state constituency)

Beseri (state constituency)

Beseri is a state constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Perlis State Legislative Assembly.

Chuping (state constituency)

Chuping (state constituency)

Chuping is a state constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Perlis State Legislative Assembly from 1974 to 1986 and from 1995 to present.

Mata Ayer (state constituency)

Mata Ayer (state constituency)

Mata Ayer is a state constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Perlis State Legislative Assembly from 1959 to 1974 and from 1995 to present.

Santan (state constituency)

Santan (state constituency)

Santan is a state constituency in Perlis, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Perlis State Legislative Assembly.

Election results

Malaysian general election, 2022
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PN Rushdan Rusmi 24,267 53.58 Increase 53.58
BN Zahida Zarik Khan 11,753 25.95 Decrease 19.23
PH Mohamad Yahaya 7,085 15.64 Decrease 21.60
Independent Zahidi Zainul Abidin 1,939 1.56 Increase 1.56
Sabah Heritage Party Ko Chu Liang 244 0.54 Increase0.54
Total valid votes 45,288 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Turnout
Registered electors 60,192
Majority 12,514
PN gain from BN Swing ?


Malaysian general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Zahidi Zainul Abidin 15,032 41.18 Decrease 19.27
PH Izizam Ibrahim 13,594 37.24 Increase 37.24
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Mokhtar Senik 7,874 21.57 Decrease 17.98
Total valid votes 36,500 100.00
Total rejected ballots 780
Unreturned ballots 152
Turnout 37,432 81.20
Registered electors 46,096
Majority 1,438 3.94
BN hold Swing -28.26
Source(s)

"His Majesty's Government Gazette - Notice of Contested Election, Parliament for the State of Perlis [P.U. (B) 232/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-01.

"Federal Government Gazette - Results of Contested Election and Statements of the Poll after the Official Addition of Votes, Parliamentary Constituencies for the State of Perlis [P.U. (B) 306/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
Malaysian general election, 2013
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Zahidi Zainul Abidin 21,473 60.45 Increase 1.11
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Azamhari Mohamood 14,047 39.55 Decrease 1.11
Total valid votes 35,520 100.00
Total rejected ballots 531
Unreturned ballots 91
Turnout 36,142 86.11
Registered electors 41,974
Majority 7,426 20.9
BN hold Swing +1.11
Malaysian general election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Baseri @ Azmi Khalid 16,991 59.34 Decrease 7.58
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Zolkharnain Abidin 11,643 40.66 Increase 7.58
Total valid votes 28,634 100.00
Total rejected ballots 674
Unreturned ballots 2
Turnout 29,310 80.05
Registered electors 36,613
Majority 5,348 18.68
BN hold Swing −7.58


Malaysian general election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Baseri @ Azmi Khalid 18,323 66.92 Increase 7.60
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Wan Kharizal Wan Khazim 9,058 33.08 Increase 33.08
Total valid votes 27,381 100.00
Total rejected ballots 672
Unreturned ballots 400
Turnout 28,453 83.93
Registered electors
Majority 9,265 33.84
BN hold Swing -12.74


Malaysian general election, 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Baseri @ Azmi Khalid 14,386 59.32 Decrease 11.70
PKR Mohd Anuar Mohd Tahir 9,867 40.68 Increase 40.68
Total valid votes 24,253 100.00
Total rejected ballots 441
Unreturned ballots 653
Turnout 25,347 78.04
Registered electors
Majority 4,519 18.64
BN hold Swing -26.19


Malaysian general election, 1995
Party Candidate Votes %
BN Baseri @ Azmi Khalid 17,013 71.02
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Hisharudin Hasan 6,943 28.98
Total valid votes 23,956 100.00
Total rejected ballots 1,083
Unreturned ballots 815
Turnout 25,854 77.65
Registered electors
Majority 10,070 42.04
This was a new constituency created out of Kangar which went to BN in the previous election.

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Percentage point

Percentage point

A percentage point or percent point is the unit for the arithmetic difference between two percentages. For example, moving up from 40 percent to 44 percent is an increase of 4 percentage points, but a 10-percent increase in the quantity being measured. In literature, the unit is usually either written out, or abbreviated as pp or p.p. to avoid ambiguity. After the first occurrence, some writers abbreviate by using just "point" or "points".

Perikatan Nasional

Perikatan Nasional

The National Alliance is a political coalition composed of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU), Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) and Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (GERAKAN). This coalition was preceded by the Malaysian Party Alliance Association, also known as the Persatuan Perikatan Parti Malaysia (PPPM).

Barisan Nasional

Barisan Nasional

The National Front is a political coalition of Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing political parties. It is also the third largest political coalition with 30 seats in the Dewan Rakyat after coalition Pakatan Harapan with 82 seats and the coalition Perikatan Nasional with 73 seats.

Pakatan Harapan

Pakatan Harapan

The Alliance of Hope is a Malaysian political coalition consisting of centre-left political parties which was formed in 2015 to succeed the Pakatan Rakyat coalition. It has been the ruling coalition since November 2022 after it formed the coalition government with other political coalitions and parties as a result of the 2022 Malaysian general election, and after it won the 2018 Malaysian general election to February 2020 when it lost power as a result of the 2020 Malaysian political crisis at the federal level for 22 months. The coalition deposed the Barisan Nasional coalition government during the 2018 election, ending its 60-year-long reign since independence.

Independent politician

Independent politician

An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or bureaucratic association. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

Zahidi Zainul Abidin

Zahidi Zainul Abidin

Datuk Zahidi bin Zainul Abidin is a Malaysian politician who has served as Deputy Minister of Communications and Multimedia for the second term in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob and Minister Annuar Musa since August 2021. He served his first term in the Perikatan Nasional (PN) administration under former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin and former Minister Saifuddin Abdullah from March 2020 to August 2021, Chairman of the Rubber Industry Smallholders Development Authority (RISDA) from 2015 to 2018 and Member of the Perlis State Executive Council (EXCO) in the BN state administration under former Menteri Besar Shahidan Kassim from 1999 to 2006. He has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Padang Besar since May 2013. He is an independent and was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the BN coalition. He was also the Division Chief of UMNO of Padang Besar. He is also the Chairman of the Malaysian International Institute of Islamic Cooperation (IKIAM).

Swing (politics)

Swing (politics)

An electoral swing analysis shows the extent of change in voter support, typically from one election to another, expressed as a positive or negative percentage. A multi-party swing is an indicator of a change in the electorate's preference between candidates or parties, often between major parties in a two-party system. A swing can be calculated for the electorate as a whole, for a given electoral district or for a particular demographic.

Source: "Padang Besar (federal constituency)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 27th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padang_Besar_(federal_constituency).

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