Get Our Extension
Enjoying Wikipedia Content? DONATE TO WIKIPEDIA

Outline of the Russo-Ukrainian War

From Wikipedia, in a visual modern way
Russo-Ukrainian War
Part of the post-Soviet conflicts
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.svg
Zones of control in Ukraine as of 8 December 2022
   Controlled by Ukraine
   Occupied by Russia

For a more detailed map, see the Russo-Ukrainian War detailed map
Date20 February 2014
Location
Ukraine and Russia (primarily)
Status Ongoing
Commanders and leaders

Below is a topical outline of articles significantly or meaningfully related the Russo-Ukrainian War; it is not an outline of articles related generally to Russian–Ukrainian relations. The Related outlines section contains links to other outlines related to the Russo-Ukrainian War.[a] This outline is a topical organization of articles; for a chronological organization, please see the Timelines section below.

Overview of articles

Top level overview articles

Major overview subdivisions

Timelines

Years in Russia

Years in Ukraine

Discover more about Overview of articles related topics

Russo-Ukrainian War

Russo-Ukrainian War

The Russo-Ukrainian War is an international conflict between Russia and Russian-backed separatists, against Ukraine, which began in February 2014. Following Ukraine's Revolution of Dignity, Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine and supported pro-Russian separatists fighting the Ukrainian military in the Donbas war. The first eight years of conflict also included naval incidents, cyberwarfare, and heightened political tensions. In February 2022, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

Prelude to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Prelude to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

In March and April 2021, the Russian Armed Forces began massing thousands of personnel and military equipment near Russia's border with Ukraine and in Crimea, representing the largest mobilization since the illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014. This precipitated an international crisis due to concerns over a potential invasion. Satellite imagery showed movements of armour, missiles, and heavy weaponry. The troops were partially withdrawn by June 2021, though the infrastructure was left in place. A second build-up began in October 2021, this time with more soldiers and with deployments on new fronts; by December over 100,000 Russian troops were massed around Ukraine on three sides, including Belarus from the north and Crimea from the south. Despite the Russian military build-ups, Russian officials from November 2021 to 20 February 2022 repeatedly denied that Russia had plans to invade Ukraine.

Russian invasion of Ukraine

Russian invasion of Ukraine

Russian invasion of Ukraine

Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded and occupied parts of Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has resulted in tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and instigated Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. About 8 million Ukrainians were displaced within their country by June, and more than 8.1 million had fled the country by March 2023.

Timeline of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

Timeline of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

The annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation took place in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. On 22–23 February, Russian President Vladimir Putin convened an all-night meeting with security services chiefs to discuss pullout of deposed President, Viktor Yanukovych, and at the end of that meeting Putin remarked that "we must start working on returning Crimea to Russia.". Russia sent in soldiers on February 27, 2014. Crimea held a referendum. According to official Russian and Crimean sources 95% voted to reunite with Russia. The legitimacy of the referendum has been questioned by the international community on both legal and procedural grounds.

Timeline of the war in Donbas

Timeline of the war in Donbas

The timeline for the war in Donbas is divided into the periods listed below:Timeline of the war in Donbas (2014) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2015) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2016) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2017) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2018) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2019) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2020) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2021) Timeline of the war in Donbas (2022)

Timeline of the war in Donbas (2014)

Timeline of the war in Donbas (2014)

This is a timeline of the war in Donbas for the year 2014.

Timeline of the war in Donbas (2015)

Timeline of the war in Donbas (2015)

This is a timeline of the war in Donbas for the year 2015.

Timeline of the war in Donbas (2016)

Timeline of the war in Donbas (2016)

This is a timeline of the war in Donbas for the year 2016.

Timeline of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

Timeline of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

This is a timeline of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest that has erupted in Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement.

Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia launched a military invasion of Ukraine in a steep escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War. The campaign had been preceded by a Russian military buildup since early 2021 and numerous Russian demands for security measures and legal prohibitions against Ukraine joining NATO.Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: prelude Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 1: Initial invasion Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 2: Southeastern front Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 3: Ukrainian counteroffensives Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: phase 4: Second stalemate

Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: Prelude

Timeline of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: Prelude

This timeline of the prelude to the Russian invasion of Ukraine covers a period of heightened tensions between Russia and Ukraine from early 2021 until the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022.

Subjects

An alphabetical list of subjects related to the war. Articles related to a subject are listed alphabetically under the main subject.

Participants

Historical background

Prelude to war

An chronological list of articles about the period immediately prelude to war; for earlier articles see the Historical background section.

Civil Defense

Communications and the media

Media

Slogans, visual expressions, and symbols

Propaganda, sham elections, and disinformation

Crimea

Economics and food

Effects within Russia

Elections and referendums

Energy

Gender

Human rights, war crimes, genocide

Human rights

War crimes

Sexual violence

Genocide

Population dislocation

The below includes both forced movement (e.g. ethnic cleansing) and crisis movement (e.g. war refuges/evacuees).

Criminal prosecution

Other subjects

Public opinion and national morale

Nationalism

Russian

Ukrainian

Occupations

Overviews

Areas

Peace issues

Prisoners of war

Psychological

Discover more about Subjects related topics

Combatants of the war in Donbas

Combatants of the war in Donbas

The combatants of the war in Donbas include foreign and domestic forces.

Casualties of the Russo-Ukrainian War

Casualties of the Russo-Ukrainian War

Casualties in the Russo-Ukrainian War included six deaths during the 2014 annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, 14,200–14,400 military and civilian deaths during the war in Donbas (2014–2022), and tens of thousands of deaths during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

The dissolution of the Soviet Union was the process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and its federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full independence on 26 December 1991. It brought an end to General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's effort to reform the Soviet political and economic system in an attempt to stop a period of political stalemate and economic backslide. The Soviet Union had experienced internal stagnation and ethnic separatism. Although highly centralized until its final years, the country was made up of 15 top-level republics that served as homelands for different ethnicities. By late 1991, amid a catastrophic political crisis, with several republics already departing the Union and the waning of centralized power, the leaders of three of its founding members declared that the Soviet Union no longer existed. Eight more republics joined their declaration shortly thereafter. Gorbachev resigned in December 1991 and what was left of the Soviet parliament voted to end itself.

Enlargement of NATO

Enlargement of NATO

NATO is a military alliance of twenty-eight European and two North American countries that constitutes a system of collective defense. The process of joining the alliance is governed by Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, which allows for the invitation of "other European States" only and by subsequent agreements. Countries wishing to join must meet certain requirements and complete a multi-step process involving political dialog and military integration. The accession process is overseen by the North Atlantic Council, NATO's governing body. NATO was formed in 1949 with twelve founding members and has added new members eight times. The first additions were Greece and Turkey in 1952. In May 1955, West Germany joined NATO, which was one of the conditions agreed to as part of the end of the country's occupation by France, the United Kingdom, and the United States, prompting the Soviet Union to form their own collective security alliance later that month. Following the end of the Franco regime, newly-democratic Spain chose to join NATO in 1982.

Armed Forces of Ukraine

Armed Forces of Ukraine

The Armed Forces of Ukraine, most commonly known in Ukraine as ZSU or anglicized as AFU, are the military forces of Ukraine. All military and security forces, including the Armed Forces, are under the command of the President of Ukraine and subject to oversight by a permanent Verkhovna Rada parliamentary commission. They trace their lineage to 1917, while the modern armed forces were formed after Ukrainian independence in 1991.

Budapest Memorandum

Budapest Memorandum

The Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances comprises three substantially identical political agreements signed at the OSCE conference in Budapest, Hungary, on 5 December 1994, to provide security assurances by its signatories relating to the accession of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The three memoranda were originally signed by three nuclear powers: the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States. China and France gave somewhat weaker individual assurances in separate documents.

2003 Tuzla Island conflict

2003 Tuzla Island conflict

2003 Tuzla Island conflict is a crisis in Russia–Ukraine relations at the end of 2003 caused by disputes over the ownership of Tuzla Island and the construction by Russia of a dam in the Kerch Strait to Tuzla Island. The dispute raised fears of an armed confrontation.

2007 Munich speech of Vladimir Putin

2007 Munich speech of Vladimir Putin

The 2007 Munich speech was given by Russian president Vladimir Putin in Germany on 10 February 2007 at the Munich Security Conference. The speech expressed significant points of future politics of Russia driven by Putin.

Controversy in Russia regarding the legitimacy of eastward NATO expansion

Controversy in Russia regarding the legitimacy of eastward NATO expansion

Controversy in Russia regarding the legitimacy of eastward NATO expansion is one of the conflicting moments in relations between Russia and NATO. The Russian authorities claim that agreement on non-expansion of NATO to Eastern Europe took place orally and the alliance violated it with its expansion while the leaders of the alliance claim that no such promise was made and that such a decision could only be made in writing. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, who participated in the 1990 negotiations, subsequently spoke out about the existence of a "guarantee of non-expansion of NATO to the east" inconsistently, confirming its existence in some interviews and refuting in others. Among academic researchers, opinions on the existence or absence of a non-extension agreement also differ.

Euromaidan

Euromaidan

Euromaidan, or the Maidan Uprising, was a wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began on 21 November 2013 with large protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kyiv. The protests were sparked by President Viktor Yanukovych's sudden decision not to sign the European Union–Ukraine Association Agreement, instead choosing closer ties to Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union. Ukraine's parliament had overwhelmingly approved of finalizing the Agreement with the EU, but Russia had put pressure on Ukraine to reject it. The scope of the protests widened, with calls for the resignation of Yanukovych and the Azarov government. Protesters opposed what they saw as widespread government corruption, abuse of power, human rights violations, and the influence of oligarchs. Transparency International named Yanukovych as the top example of corruption in the world. The violent dispersal of protesters on 30 November caused further anger. Euromaidan led to the 2014 Revolution of Dignity.

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine in the aftermath of the Revolution of Dignity, which resulted in the success of Euromaidan in ousting then-President Viktor Yanukovych. The unrest, supported by Russia in the early stages of the Russo-Ukrainian War, has been referred to in Russia as the "Russian Spring".

2014 Hrushevskoho Street riots

2014 Hrushevskoho Street riots

In response to anti-protest laws in Ukraine, a standoff between protesters and police began on 19 January 2014 that was precipitated by a series of riots in central Kyiv on Hrushevsky Street, outside Dynamo Stadium and adjacent to the ongoing Euromaidan protests.

Geography

Geographic overview

Oblasts

An oblast (/ˈɒblæst/; also UK: /ˈɒblɑːst/; Cyrillic (most commonly): область, Bulgarian: област) is a type of administrative division within the Russian empire and Soviet Union that continues to be used in Russia and some post-Imperial/Soviet states.[1][2]

Oblasts
Autonomous republic Cities with special status

Urban centers

Territorial changes

An alphabetical outline of territorial changes during the war.

Russian occupation areas

Discover more about Geography related topics

Joint Forces Operation (Ukraine)

Joint Forces Operation (Ukraine)

Anti-Terrorist Operation Zone, or ATO zone, is a term used by the media, publicity, the government of Ukraine, and the OSCE and other foreign institutions to identify Ukrainian territory of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions (oblasts) under the control of Russian military forces and pro-Russian separatists. A significant part of ATO zone is considered temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine.

Geography of Ukraine

Geography of Ukraine

The geography of Ukraine varies greatly from one region of the country to another, with the majority of the country lying within the East European Plain. Ukraine is the second-largest European country, after Russia. Its various regions have diverse geographic features ranging from highlands to lowlands, as well as climatic range and a wide variety in hydrography.

Eastern Ukraine

Eastern Ukraine

Eastern Ukraine or east Ukraine is primarily the territory of Ukraine east of the Dnipro river, particularly Kharkiv, Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts (provinces). Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhia oblasts are often also regarded as "eastern Ukraine". In regard to traditional territories, the area encompasses portions of the southern Sloboda Ukraine, Donbas, the eastern Azov Littoral (Pryazovia).

Central Ukraine

Central Ukraine

Central Ukraine consists of historical regions of left-bank Ukraine and right-bank Ukraine that reference to the Dnieper River. It is situated away from the Black Sea Littoral North and a midstream of the Dnieper River and its basin.

Crimea

Crimea

Crimea is a peninsula in Eastern Europe, on the northern coast of the Black Sea, almost entirely surrounded by the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov. The Isthmus of Perekop connects the peninsula to Kherson Oblast in mainland Ukraine. To the east, the Crimean Bridge, constructed in 2018, spans the Strait of Kerch, linking the peninsula with Krasnodar Krai in Russia. The Arabat Spit, located to the northeast, is a narrow strip of land that separates the Syvash lagoons from the Sea of Azov. Across the Black Sea to the west lies Romania and to the south is Turkey. The largest city is Sevastopol. The region has a population of 2.4 million, and has been under Russian occupation since 2014.

Black Sea

Black Sea

The Black Sea is a marginal mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean lying between Europe and Asia, east of the Balkans, south of the East European Plain, west of the Caucasus, and north of Anatolia. It is bounded by Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. The Black Sea is supplied by major rivers, principally the Danube, Dnieper, and Don. Consequently, while six countries have a coastline on the sea, its drainage basin includes parts of 24 countries in Europe.

Kerch Peninsula

Kerch Peninsula

The Kerch Peninsula is a major and prominent geographic peninsula located at the eastern end of the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine.

Administrative divisions of Ukraine

Administrative divisions of Ukraine

The administrative divisions of Ukraine are subnational administrative divisions within the geographical area of Ukraine under the jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Constitution. Ukraine is a unitary state with 3 levels of administrative divisions: 27 regions, 136 raions and 1469 hromadas.

Historical regions in present-day Ukraine

Historical regions in present-day Ukraine

A list of the various regions of Ukraine and/or inhabited by Ukrainians and their ancestors throughout history.

British English

British English

British English is, according to Oxford Dictionaries, "English as used in Great Britain, as distinct from that used elsewhere". More narrowly, it can refer specifically to the English language in England, or, more broadly, to the collective dialects of English throughout the British Isles taken as a single umbrella variety, for instance additionally incorporating Scottish English, Welsh English, and Northern Irish English. Tom McArthur in the Oxford Guide to World English acknowledges that British English shares "all the ambiguities and tensions [with] the word 'British' and as a result can be used and interpreted in two ways, more broadly or more narrowly, within a range of blurring and ambiguity".

Cyrillic script

Cyrillic script

The Cyrillic script, Slavonic script or the Slavic script, is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia. It is the designated national script in various Slavic, Turkic, Mongolic, Uralic, Caucasian and Iranic-speaking countries in Southeastern Europe, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, North Asia, and East Asia.

Bulgarian language

Bulgarian language

Bulgarian is an Eastern South Slavic language spoken in Southeast Europe, primarily in Bulgaria. It is the language of the Bulgarians.

Events

A chronological outline of events. Articles related to particular events are listed alphabetically under the main article for the event they are related to.

Protests and unrest

Military operations and activities

A chronological outline of military operations. Articles related to particular battles are listed alphabetically under the main article for the operation they are related to.

Chronological

When a event or topic covers more than one year the article appears in the year the event started.

2014

Overviews

Events

2015
2016
2017
2018
2021
2022

Overviews

Events

2023
  • Under construction

Geographic

Articles organized by geographic region

Eastern Ukraine

Overviews

Events

Western Ukraine
Northeastern Ukraine

Overviews

Events

Southern Ukraine

Overviews

Events

Central Ukraine

Overviews

Events

Crimea and the Black Sea
Outside Ukraine

Attacks on civilians

Cyberwarfare

Population movement

Illegal annexations

Diplomatic

Discover more about Events related topics

2014 Ukrainian presidential election

2014 Ukrainian presidential election

Snap presidential elections held in Ukraine on 25 May 2014 resulted in Petro Poroshenko being elected President of Ukraine. Originally scheduled to take place on 29 March 2015, the date was changed following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. Poroshenko won the elections with 54.7% of the votes, enough to win in a single round. His closest competitor, Yulia Tymoshenko, emerged with 12.81% of the votes. The Central Election Commission reported voter turnout over 60%, excluding the regions not under government control. Since Poroshenko obtained an absolute majority in the first round, a run-off second ballot was unnecessary.

2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election

2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election

Snap parliamentary elections were held in Ukraine on 26 October 2014 to elect members of the Verkhovna Rada. President Petro Poroshenko had pressed for early parliamentary elections since his victory in the presidential elections in May. The July breakup of the ruling coalition gave him the right to dissolve the parliament, so on 25 August 2014 he announced the early election.

2014 Crimean status referendum

2014 Crimean status referendum

The Crimean status referendum of 2014 was a disputed referendum on March 16, 2014, concerning the status of Crimea that was conducted in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol after Russian forces seized control of Crimea.

2019 Ukrainian presidential election

2019 Ukrainian presidential election

The 2019 Ukrainian presidential election was held on 31 March and 21 April in a two-round system.

2014 anti-war protests in Russia

2014 anti-war protests in Russia

The 2014 anti-war protests in Russia refers to a series of anti-war demonstrations opposing the Russian military intervention in Ukraine that took place in Russia in 2014. Protesters held two anti-war protest rallies on 2 and 15 March 2014. The latter, known as the March of Peace, took place in Moscow a day before the Crimean referendum. The protests have been the largest in Russia since the 2011–13 Russian protests by the Russian opposition against the alleged electoral fraud committed by United Russia during the 2011 Russian legislative election. Reuters reported that around 20,000 people participated in the 15 March demonstrations.

2022 anti-war protests in Russia

2022 anti-war protests in Russia

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022, anti-war demonstrations and protests broke out across Russia. As well as the demonstrations, a number of petitions and open letters have been penned in opposition to the war, and a number of public figures, both cultural and political, have released statements against the war.

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine in the aftermath of the Revolution of Dignity, which resulted in the success of Euromaidan in ousting then-President Viktor Yanukovych. The unrest, supported by Russia in the early stages of the Russo-Ukrainian War, has been referred to in Russia as the "Russian Spring".

2022 open letter from Nobel laureates in support of Ukraine

2022 open letter from Nobel laureates in support of Ukraine

On 1 March 2022, an open letter from a group of Nobel Prize laureates was published in support of Ukraine, following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The letter was published simultaneously in English, Russian and Ukrainian. More than 200 Nobel laureates have signed the open letter.

2014 Russian sabotage activities in Ukraine

2014 Russian sabotage activities in Ukraine

Russian sabotage in Ukraine is a set of actions planned, organized, and implemented by Russian special services in Ukraine with the help of local Russian agents of influence, pro-Russian separatists, trained political tourists from Russia, Russian saboteurs, and FSB officers since the end of February 2014. The aim of the Russian sabotage is to destabilize the political situation in Ukraine after the Revolution of Dignity, provoking interethnic and interregional conflicts, strengthening Russian separatist forces in Donbas. These subversive actions are part of the Russian information war against Ukraine and direct military aggression — annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.

2014 Russian cross-border shelling of Ukraine

2014 Russian cross-border shelling of Ukraine

The Russian cross-border artillery shelling of Ukraine happened in July–September 2014 amidst the war in Donbas to prevent the defeat of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. The Russian Armed Forces performed a series of artillery strikes targeting Ukrainian troops in the Donbas region of Ukraine.

2014 Simferopol incident

2014 Simferopol incident

On 18 March 2014, a Ukrainian soldier and a Russian Cossack paramilitary were killed in the first case of bloodshed during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.

2014 Ukrainian Air Force Il-76 shootdown

2014 Ukrainian Air Force Il-76 shootdown

On 14 June 2014, an Ilyushin Il-76 transport aircraft of the 25th Transport Aviation Brigade of the Ukrainian Air Force was shot down by forces of the Russia-backed separatists from Luhansk People's Republic while on approach to land at Luhansk International Airport, Ukraine, during the initial phase of the war in Donbas. The aircraft was carrying troops and equipment from an undisclosed location. All 49 people on board were killed.

Individuals

An alphabetical list of individuals significantly related to the war. Individuals are listed under their nationality, not political alignment.

Russian figures

Political (pro-Russian)

Military (Russian aligned or controlled)

Other (pro-Russian)

Ukrainian figures

Political (pro-Ukrainian)

Military (Ukrainian aligned and controlled)

Journalists (pro-Ukrainian)

Other (Ukrainian aligned and controlled)

  • Under construction

Other individuals

Political (other)

Military (other)

  • Under construction

Private (other)

  • Under construction

Discover more about Individuals related topics

List of people and organizations sanctioned during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of people and organizations sanctioned during the Russo-Ukrainian War

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine in late February 2014, and again after February 2022, countries placed international sanctions on Russia and Crimea as the Russo-Ukrainian War continued. Leading economic and political powers, such as the United States and members of the European Union (EU), as well as international organisations, established sanctions against Russian and Ukrainian individuals, businesses and officials. In response, Russia imposed its own sanctions against other countries, including a total ban on food imports from Australia, Canada, Norway, the United States, and the European Union.

Alexander Bastrykin

Alexander Bastrykin

Alexander Ivanovich Bastrykin is a Russian official, former First Deputy Prosecutor General of Russia, and former Chairman of The Investigative Committee of the Prosecutor General's Office. Since January 15, 2011, he is the head of the Investigative Committee of Russia.

Aleksandr Dugin

Aleksandr Dugin

Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin is a Russian political philosopher, analyst, and strategist, known for views widely characterized as fascist.

Sergei Shoigu

Sergei Shoigu

Sergei Kuzhugetovich Shoigu is a Russian politician who has served as the minister of defence of Russia since 2012. Shoigu has served as the chairman of the Council of Ministers of Defense of the Commonwealth of Independent States since 2012.

Aleksandr Dvornikov

Aleksandr Dvornikov

Aleksandr Vladimirovich Dvornikov is a Russian Ground Forces army general who commanded the Russian military intervention in Syria and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Sergey Surovikin

Sergey Surovikin

Sergey Vladimirovich Surovikin is a Russian Armed Forces army general and Commander of the Aerospace Forces. A veteran of the Soviet–Afghan War, Tajikistani Civil War, Second Chechen War, and the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War, he was from October 2022 to January 2023 the commander of all Russian forces in the Russian invasion of Ukraine that started in February 2022.

Igor Girkin

Igor Girkin

Igor Vsevolodovich Girkin, also known by the alias Igor Ivanovich Strelkov, is a Russian army veteran and former Federal Security Service (FSB) officer who played a key role in the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and later the war in Donbas as an organizer of militant groups in the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR).

Ivan Ilyin

Ivan Ilyin

Ivan Alexandrovich Ilyin or Il'in was a Russian jurist, religious and political philosopher, publicist, orator, and conservative monarchist. He perceived the February Revolution as a "temporary disorder", and the October Revolution as a "national catastrophe", and actively joined the struggle against the Bolshevik regime. He became a white émigré journalist, a Slavophile and an ideologue of the Russian All-Military Union which believed that force was the only means by which the Soviet regime could be toppled.

Petro Poroshenko

Petro Poroshenko

Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko is a Ukrainian businessman and politician who served as the fifth president of Ukraine from 2014 to 2019. Poroshenko served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2009 to 2010, and as the Minister of Trade and Economic Development in 2012. From 2007 until 2012, he headed the Council of Ukraine's National Bank. He was elected president on 25 May 2014, receiving 54.7% of the votes cast in the first round, thus winning outright and avoiding a run-off. During his presidency, Poroshenko led the country through the first phase of the war in Donbas, pushing the Russian separatist forces into the Donbas Region. He began the process of integration with the European Union by signing the European Union–Ukraine Association Agreement.

Oleksii Reznikov

Oleksii Reznikov

Oleksii Yuriyovych Reznikov is a Ukrainian lawyer and politician who has served as the Minister of Defence of Ukraine since 4 November 2021. Reznikov previously has served in several other positions in the government of Ukraine; Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Reintegration of the Temporarily Occupied Territories of Ukraine, deputy head of the Kyiv City State Administration from 2016 to 2018, and deputy mayor-secretary of the Kyiv City Council from June 2014 to December 2015.

Oleksandr Turchynov

Oleksandr Turchynov

Oleksandr Valentynovych Turchynov is a Ukrainian politician, screenwriter, Baptist minister and economist. He is the former Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.

Vadym Chernysh

Vadym Chernysh

Vadym Olehovych Chernysh is a Ukrainian jurist, lawyer, politician and teacher.

Military units, equipment, and bases

An alphabetical list of military units involved in a significant way the war.

Russian military units

Command and organization

Units

This section contains articles about major formations or units with significance to the war. For a complete list see List of Russian units which invaded the territory of Ukraine

Ukrainian military units

Command and organization

Units

Military equipment

Russian equipment
Ukrainian equipment
NATO equipment
  • Under construction
International equipment
  • Under construction

Military bases and facilities

In Russia
In Ukraine

Military exercises

Discover more about Military units, equipment, and bases related topics

Combatants of the war in Donbas

Combatants of the war in Donbas

The combatants of the war in Donbas include foreign and domestic forces.

Foreign fighters in the Russo-Ukrainian War

Foreign fighters in the Russo-Ukrainian War

The Russo-Ukrainian War has seen a significant amount of foreign fighters join both sides of the conflict. It had been estimated prior to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine that there were approximately 17,000 foreign fighters in Ukraine. Foreign fighters have travelled to fight in the conflict for a variety of reasons, such as far-left or far-right ideologues supporting their perceived ideological allies, religious and ethnic affinities, opposition to Russia or the West, and those seeking to do so for "recreational" purposes. Before February 2022, Russia had sought to obscure its direct involvement in the war in Donbas by stating its forces were foreign volunteers and unaffiliated with its official military forces.

List of Russo-Ukrainian War military equipment

List of Russo-Ukrainian War military equipment

This article covers the weapons, vehicles and equipment of the Russo-Ukrainian war, involving the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the Donetsk People's Republic People's Militia, the Luhansk People's Republic People's Militia, and a number of other national guard and volunteer groups, from 2014 to the present date.

2022 Russian mobilization

2022 Russian mobilization

On 21 September 2022, seven months into the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Russia declared a partial mobilization of military reservists. The decision was made a day after the announcement of the Russian annexation of the DPR, LPR, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia oblasts.

Chechen involvement in the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Chechen involvement in the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The Chechen Republic, commonly known as Chechnya, is a federal republic of Russia that has been noted in several roles during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Kadyrovite forces have fought alongside the Russian forces, while several Chechen armed volunteer formations are fighting on the Ukrainian side. International observers have noted a number of comparisons between the invasion and the First and Second Chechen Wars.

Ministry of Defence (Russia)

Ministry of Defence (Russia)

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation is the governing body of the Russian Armed Forces.

General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

The General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is the military staff of the Russian Armed Forces. It is the central organ of the military command of the Armed Forces Administration and oversees operational command of the armed forces under the Russian Ministry of Defence.

National Guard of Russia

National Guard of Russia

The National Guard of the Russian Federation or Rosgvardiya is the internal military force of Russia, comprising an independent agency that reports directly to the President of Russia Vladimir Putin under his powers as Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Chairman of the Security Council.

List of Russian units which invaded the territory of Ukraine

List of Russian units which invaded the territory of Ukraine

This is a list of regular military formations of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation participating in the Russo-Ukrainian War from 2014.

Little green men (Russo-Ukrainian War)

Little green men (Russo-Ukrainian War)

Little green men are masked soldiers of the Russian Federation who appeared during the Russo-Ukrainian War in 2014 in unmarked green army uniforms and carrying weapons and equipment.

Black Sea Fleet

Black Sea Fleet

The Black Sea Fleet is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Mediterranean Sea. The Black Sea Fleet, along with other Russian ground and air forces on the Crimean Peninsula, are subordinate to the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces.

76th Guards Air Assault Division

76th Guards Air Assault Division

The 76th Guards Air Assault Division is a division of the Russian Airborne Troops based in Pskov. The division traces its lineage back to the 76th Guards Rifle Division, formed in March 1943 from the 157th Rifle Division for that division's actions during the Battle of Stalingrad. The division fought in the Battle of Kursk, the Battle of the Dnieper, Operation Bagration, the East Pomeranian Offensive, and the Berlin Offensive. Postwar, it was converted into an airborne division.

Entities

Pro Russian organizations

Political (pro-Russian)

Military (Russian controlled and aligned)

Other (pro-Russian)

  • Under construction

Pro Ukrainian organizations

Political (pro-Ukrainian)

Military (Ukrainian controlled and aligned)

Other (Ukrainian controlled and aligned)

Other organizations

Political (3rd parties)

Military (3rd parties)

  • Under construction

Other (3rd parties)

  • Under construction

Discover more about Entities related topics

Antifascist Committee of Ukraine

Antifascist Committee of Ukraine

The Antifascist Committee of Ukraine is an anti-fascist and pro-Russian organization, closely linked to the Communist Party of Ukraine.

Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic

Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic

The Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic is a communist party in the disputed Donetsk People's Republic, a federal subject of Russia that is de jure part of Ukraine, led by Boris Litvinov, formerly the chairman of the People's Council of the Donetsk People's Republic. It was a faction of the Donetsk Republic organization from 2014 to 2016. Since 2022, it has been a republican branch of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.

Donetsk People's Republic

Donetsk People's Republic

The Donetsk People's Republic is an unrecognised republic of Russia in the occupied parts of eastern Ukraine's Donetsk Oblast, with its capital in Donetsk. The DPR was created by militarily-armed Russian-backed separatists in 2014, and it initially operated as a breakaway state until it was annexed by Russia in 2022.

Eurasian Youth Union

Eurasian Youth Union

The Eurasian Youth Union is a Russian traditionalist political organization, the youth wing of the Eurasia Party headed by Aleksandr Dugin. The organization has branches in several countries. In 2011, the Government of Ukraine has branded the ESM as an extremist anti-Ukrainian organization, convicted of a string of vandalism offenses and banned it in Ukraine.

Internet Research Agency

Internet Research Agency

The Internet Research Agency, also known as Glavset and known in Russian Internet slang as the Trolls from Olgino, is a Russian company engaged in online propaganda and influence operations on behalf of Russian business and political interests. It is linked to Russian oligarch Yevgeny Prigozhin and based in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Luhansk People's Republic

Luhansk People's Republic

The Luhansk People's Republic or Lugansk People's Republic is an unrecognised republic of Russia in the occupied parts of eastern Ukraine's Luhansk Oblast, with its capital in Luhansk. The LPR was created by militarily-armed Russian-backed separatists in 2014, and it initially operated as a breakaway state until it was annexed by Russia in 2022.

New Russia Party

New Russia Party

The New Russia Party, or Novorossiya Party, is a political party operating in Ukraine, and in particular regions of Ukraine annexed by Russia The organization was founded by pro-Russian separatists, under the leadership of Pavel Gubarev, on 14 May 2014. The party is formally known as the Social-Political Movement "New Russia Party". It is not registered with the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.

Russian Imperial Movement

Russian Imperial Movement

The Russian Imperial Movement is a Russian ultranationalist, white supremacist, far-right paramilitary organization which operates out of Russia.

Russian National Socialist Party

Russian National Socialist Party

The Russian National Socialist Party was a neo-Nazi and clerical fascist group based in Russia.

Russian National Union

Russian National Union

The Russian National Union was a Neo-Nazi party in Russia. The party should not be confused with Russian National Unity, a larger group with similar roots, although with no direct connection.

Salvation Committee for Peace and Order

Salvation Committee for Peace and Order

The Salvation Committee for Peace and Order is the collaborationist supreme administrative and executive authority in the territory of the Kherson Oblast, formed by the constituent Assembly on 10 March 2022 following the capture of most of the oblast's territory by the Russian Army in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Separate Special Purpose Battalion

Separate Special Purpose Battalion

The Separate Special Purpose Battalion of the Ministry of Defense of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is a military commando formation of Chechen volunteers, functioning as part of the International Legion of Territorial Defense of Ukraine. It is one of several Chechen armed volunteer formations on the side of Ukraine It was created by Akhmed Zakayev on July 29, 2022, on the basis of a Chechen formation that has been fighting on the side of the Armed Forces of Ukraine since Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

International involvement

Overviews

International events

Reactions

Sanctions

Investigations

Other international involvement

Military cooperation with the Russian Federation

Military cooperation with Ukraine

Discover more about International involvement related topics

2014 G20 Brisbane summit

2014 G20 Brisbane summit

The 2014 G20 Brisbane summit was the ninth meeting of the G20 heads of government/heads of state. It was held in Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland, Australia, on 15–16 November 2014. The hosting venue was the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre at South Brisbane. The event was the largest ever peacetime police operation in Australia.

40th G7 summit

40th G7 summit

The 40th G7 summit was held 4–5 June, 2014 in Brussels, Belgium. It was originally scheduled to be held as the “40th G8 summit” and be hosted by Russia in the Black Sea resort of Sochi. However, the other seven countries decided on 24 March that the summit would be instead held without Russia in Brussels.

Eleventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly

Eleventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly

The eleventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly opened on 28 February 2022 at the United Nations headquarters. It addresses the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Maldivian politician Abdulla Shahid served as President of the body during this time.

2021 Russia–United States summit

2021 Russia–United States summit

The 2021 Russia–United States summit was a summit meeting between United States President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin on 16 June 2021, in Geneva, Switzerland.

Corporate responses to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Corporate responses to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Many private companies have ceased operations in Russia or donated or matched donations to the Ukrainian government or Ukrainian organizations in response to Russia's seizure of Ukrainian territory in 2014 and 2022. Others have applied various sanctions.

Government and intergovernmental reactions to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Government and intergovernmental reactions to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The Russian invasion of Ukraine received widespread international condemnation, leading to new sanctions being imposed on Russia, which triggered a Russian financial crisis. Reactions among governments have generally been negative, particularly in Europe, the Americas, and Southeast Asia, with criticism and condemnation made by many leading nations such as the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Spain.

International reactions to the war in Donbas

International reactions to the war in Donbas

Many states and international organisations have reacted to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War in the Donbas region of Ukraine, which began in April 2014. In August 2014 when the intervention of Russian troops in Donbas scaled up, many states condemned this violation of Ukraine's sovereignty.

Non-government reactions to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Non-government reactions to the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The Russian invasion of Ukraine led to widespread international condemnation by political parties and international organisations, as well as by people and groups in the areas of entertainment, media, business, and sport, where boycotts of Russia and Belarus also took place.

International recognition of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic

International recognition of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic

The Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) are two Russian civilian-military administrative regimes in the Donbas region of Ukraine. Russia claims to have annexed them, although it only occupies part of their claimed territories as of November 2022, and treats them as its federal subjects. Before October 2022, they claimed independence from Ukraine, although the international community continues to consider them part of Ukraine's sovereign territory.

International sanctions during the Russo-Ukrainian War

International sanctions during the Russo-Ukrainian War

International sanctions have been imposed against Russia and Crimea during the Russo-Ukrainian War by a large number of countries, including the United States, Canada, the European Union, and international organisations following the Russian annexation of Crimea, which began in late February 2014. Belarus has also been sanctioned for its cooperation with and assistance to Russian armed forces. The sanctions were imposed against individuals, businesses, and officials from Russia and Ukraine. Russia responded with sanctions against several countries, including a total ban on food imports from Australia, Canada, Norway, Japan, the United States, and the EU.

List of people and organizations sanctioned during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of people and organizations sanctioned during the Russo-Ukrainian War

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine in late February 2014, and again after February 2022, countries placed international sanctions on Russia and Crimea as the Russo-Ukrainian War continued. Leading economic and political powers, such as the United States and members of the European Union (EU), as well as international organisations, established sanctions against Russian and Ukrainian individuals, businesses and officials. In response, Russia imposed its own sanctions against other countries, including a total ban on food imports from Australia, Canada, Norway, the United States, and the European Union.

Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine

Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine

The Independent International Commission of Inquiry in Ukraine is a United Nations commission of inquiry established by the United Nations Human Rights Council on 4 March 2022 with a mandate to investigate violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Commission delivered its reports on 18 October 2022 and 16 March 2023.

Resolutions and statements

Items are listed chronologically within individual sections.

International organizations

Belarus

  • Under construction

European Union

  • Under construction

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

  • Under construction

Russia

Ukraine

United States

Other

Discover more about Resolutions and statements related topics

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2166

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2166

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2166, concerning the shootdown of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, was sponsored by Australia and adopted unanimously on 21 July 2014. The resolution expressed support for the "efforts to establish a full, thorough and independent international investigation into the incident in accordance with international civil aviation guidelines" and called on all United Nations member states "to provide any requested assistance to civil and criminal investigations".

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-11/1

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-11/1

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES‑11/1 is a resolution of the eleventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly, adopted on 2 March 2022. It deplored Russia's invasion of Ukraine and demanded a full withdrawal of Russian forces and a reversal of its decision to recognise the self-declared People's Republics of Donetsk and Luhansk. The paragraph 10 of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution of 2 March 2022 confirmed the involvement of Belarus in unlawful use of force against Ukraine. The resolution was sponsored by 96 countries, and passed with 141 voting in favour, 5 against, and 35 abstentions.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-11/2

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-11/2

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES‑11/2 is a second resolution of the eleventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly, adopted on 24 March 2022, following Resolution ES-11/1 which was adopted on 2 March 2022. Resolution ES‑11/2 reaffirmed the UN's former commitments and obligations under its Charter, and reiterated its demand that Russia withdraw from Ukraine's recognized sovereign territory; it also deplored, expressed grave concern over and condemned attacks on civilian populations and infrastructure. Fourteen principles were agreed.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-11/3

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-11/3

United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES‑11/3 is a resolution of the eleventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly, adopted on 7 April 2022. The resolution suspended the membership of Russia in the United Nations Human Rights Council over "grave concern at the ongoing human rights and humanitarian crisis in Ukraine [...] including gross and systematic violations and abuses of human rights" committed by Russia, and was passed with 93 votes in favour, 24 against, and 58 abstentions.

On conducting a special military operation

On conducting a special military operation

"On conducting a special military operation" was a televised broadcast by Russian president Vladimir Putin on 24 February 2022, immediately preceding the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which greatly escalated the Russo-Ukrainian War.

Ukrainian recognition of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria

Ukrainian recognition of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria

The resolution on recognition of the state sovereignty of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is a bill proposed by Oleksiy Honcharenko and Musa Mahomedov in which the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, will vote on the recognition of Chechnya's independence, in response to Russia's recognition of the Luhansk People's Republic and the Donetsk People's Republic.

Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014

Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014

The Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 is an American Act of Congress that provides Ukraine with loan guarantees of up to $1 billion in response to the beginning of the Russo-Ukrainian war. The act became law during the 113th United States Congress. Congress considered several other bills that would provide aid to Ukraine around that same time, including S. 2124, a Senate bill with the same name, and the Ukraine Support Act.

Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022

Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022

The Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022 is an act of the United States Congress that facilitates the supply of materiel to the Ukrainian government in a manner similar to the World War II Lend-Lease Act in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

2022 State of the Union Address

2022 State of the Union Address

The 2022 State of the Union Address was given by the 46th president of the United States, Joe Biden, on March 1, 2022, at 9:00 p.m. EST, in the chamber of the United States House of Representatives to the 117th United States Congress. It was Biden's first State of the Union Address, and his second speech to a joint session of the United States Congress. Presiding over this joint session was the House speaker, Nancy Pelosi, accompanied by Kamala Harris, the vice president, in her capacity as the president of the Senate.

2022 open letter from Nobel laureates in support of Ukraine

2022 open letter from Nobel laureates in support of Ukraine

On 1 March 2022, an open letter from a group of Nobel Prize laureates was published in support of Ukraine, following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The letter was published simultaneously in English, Russian and Ukrainian. More than 200 Nobel laureates have signed the open letter.

Books and publications

Books
Academic journals
  • Under construction
Other
Bibliographies
  • Under construction

Lists

Discover more about Lists related topics

List of Black Sea incidents involving Russia and Ukraine

List of Black Sea incidents involving Russia and Ukraine

The following is a list of Black Sea incidents involving Russia and Ukraine since 2003 with the Tuzla Island conflict and is followed by the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, part of the Ukrainian crisis.

List of equipment used by Russian separatist forces of the war in Donbas

List of equipment used by Russian separatist forces of the war in Donbas

This is a list of equipment of the armed forces of the Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic currently used in the Russo-Ukrainian War.

List of aircraft losses during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of aircraft losses during the Russo-Ukrainian War

This is a list of Ukrainian, Russian and Russian-separatist aircraft losses. It covers helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft and UAVs, during the Russo-Ukrainian War, including the war in Donbas and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

List of ship losses during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of ship losses during the Russo-Ukrainian War

This is a list of vessels damaged, sunk or captured during the Russo-Ukrainian War, including the 2014 annexation of Crimea, the 2018 Kerch Strait incident and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

List of Russian units which invaded the territory of Ukraine

List of Russian units which invaded the territory of Ukraine

This is a list of regular military formations of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation participating in the Russo-Ukrainian War from 2014.

List of people and organizations sanctioned during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of people and organizations sanctioned during the Russo-Ukrainian War

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine in late February 2014, and again after February 2022, countries placed international sanctions on Russia and Crimea as the Russo-Ukrainian War continued. Leading economic and political powers, such as the United States and members of the European Union (EU), as well as international organisations, established sanctions against Russian and Ukrainian individuals, businesses and officials. In response, Russia imposed its own sanctions against other countries, including a total ban on food imports from Australia, Canada, Norway, the United States, and the European Union.

List of journalists killed during the Russo-Ukrainian War

List of journalists killed during the Russo-Ukrainian War

As of 30 May 2022, at least 15 civilian journalists and media workers have been killed in the line of duty since the Russo-Ukrainian War began in 2014. Six have been Russian, four Ukrainian, one Italian, one American, one Lithuanian, one Irish and one French.

List of military engagements during the Russian invasion of Ukraine

List of military engagements during the Russian invasion of Ukraine

This is a list of military engagements during the Russian invasion of Ukraine encompassing land, naval, and air engagements as well as campaigns, operations, defensive lines and sieges. Campaigns generally refer to broader strategic operations conducted over a large territory and over a long period. Battles generally refer to short periods of intense combat localised to a specific area and over a specific period. However, use of the terms in naming such events is not consistent.

Other topics

Discover more about Other topics related topics

Krymnash

Krymnash

"Krymnash" is a Russian-language neologism and internet meme that arose in popularity in Russia at the beginning of the Russo-Ukrainian War to celebrate the Russian annexation of Crimea.

Reactions to the 2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis

Reactions to the 2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis

Many states, international organizations, and civil society actors worldwide had expressed their reactions to the then-escalating crisis between Russia and Ukraine that started in March 2021. The crisis eventually culminated in a Russian invasion of Ukraine, beginning on 24 February 2022.

Assassination attempts on Volodymyr Zelenskyy

Assassination attempts on Volodymyr Zelenskyy

According to Ukrainian government officials and news sources, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy has survived a number of assassination and kidnapping attempts by Russian or pro-Russian agents during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Reparations from Russia after the Russo-Ukrainian War

Reparations from Russia after the Russo-Ukrainian War

Reparations from Russia after the Russo-Ukrainian War is a full or partial compensation by Russia for the damage caused to Ukraine as a result of the annexation of Crimea, the war in eastern Ukraine and the Russian invasion of Ukraine. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy demanded such compensation as a form of war reparations on March 3, 2022. Russia has not made any indication that they will accede to it.

Ukraine and weapons of mass destruction

Ukraine and weapons of mass destruction

Ukraine, an important republic of the former Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR) from 1922–91, once hosted Soviet nuclear weapons and delivery systems on its territory. Together with Russia, Ukraine was a part of the former Soviet Union but its population voted overwhelmingly for independence in 1991, which ended any realistic chance of the Soviet Union staying together even on a limited scale.

2022 Irkutsk military aircraft crash

2022 Irkutsk military aircraft crash

The crash of the Su-30 occurred at about 17:30 local time on 23 October 2022 in the city of Irkutsk in eastern Russia. The Su-30SM aircraft was performing a test flight when it fell on a wooden two-story residential building in 2nd Sovetsky Lane. Both the pilots were killed. The residents of the house were not hurt as they were not home.

2022 Russian Aerospace Forces An-26 crash

2022 Russian Aerospace Forces An-26 crash

The An-26 crash near Voronezh was an aviation accident that occurred on February 24, 2022 in the village of Uryv-Pokrovka near Voronezh. The An-26 aircraft of the Russian Aerospace Forces was making a planned flight to transport military equipment, the plane collapsed in the air. The debris fell between the villages of Devitsa and Uryv-Pokrovka, about 130 kilometers from the border of Ukraine.

2022 Nord Stream pipeline sabotage

2022 Nord Stream pipeline sabotage

On 26 September 2022, a series of clandestine bombings and subsequent underwater gas leaks occurred on the Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipelines. Both pipelines were built to transport natural gas from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea, and are majority owned by the Russian majority state-owned gas company, Gazprom. The perpetrators' identities and the motives behind the sabotage remain debated.

2022 Russian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 crash

2022 Russian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 crash

An Il-76MD aircraft operated by the Russian Air Force early in the morning on June 24, 2022 near the Dyagilevo air base in the Mikhailovsky highway area in the city of Ryazan.

2022 Transnistria attacks

2022 Transnistria attacks

The 2022 Transnistria attacks were a series of five incidents reported in the Eastern European breakaway state of Transnistria, internationally recognized as part of Moldova, that occurred in 2022 between 25 and 27 April, on 6 May and on 5 June. No casualties were reported, but material damage did occur.

2022 Yeysk military aircraft crash

2022 Yeysk military aircraft crash

On the evening of 17 October 2022, a Su-34 military aircraft crashed into an apartment building in Yeysk, Krasnodar Krai, Russia.

Crimean Bridge explosion

Crimean Bridge explosion

On 8 October 2022, at 6:07 am, a fire broke out on the Crimean Bridge as a result of an explosion, which occurred on the road bridge, on or under the westbound vehicle lanes running from Russia to Kerch in occupied Crimea. Two two-lane vehicular spans of the bridge collapsed into the water. Two adjacent eastbound lanes on independent structure survived. The railway bridge was also significantly damaged by fire on railway tanker cars. Five people were killed, and the Investigative Committee of Russia launched an investigation.

Source: "Outline of the Russo-Ukrainian War", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 23rd), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_the_Russo-Ukrainian_War.

Enjoying Wikiz?

Enjoying Wikiz?

Get our FREE extension now!

References

Notes

  1. ^ Each topic section is ordered either alphabetically or chronologically as noted. Where dates or years for events are indicated, it is the beginning of the event as reported in the article.
  2. ^ Russian occupied airport in Crimea used as a military airbase.

Citations

  1. ^ "Oblast definition and meaning", Collins English Dictionary, retrieved 25 December 2022
  2. ^ "What Is An Oblast?", World Atlas, 2017, retrieved 25 December 2022

The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use & Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.