Northampton County, Pennsylvania
|Coordinates: 40°45′N 75°19′W / 40.75°N 75.31°W|
|Founded||March 11, 1752|
|• Total||377 sq mi (980 km2)|
|• Land||370 sq mi (1,000 km2)|
|• Water||7.7 sq mi (20 km2) 2.0%%|
|• Density||830/sq mi (320/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Northampton County is a county in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the population was 312,951. Its county seat is Easton. The county was formed in 1752 from parts of Bucks County. Its namesake was the county of Northamptonshire in England, and the county seat of Easton was named for the country house Easton Neston in Northamptonshire.
Northampton County and Lehigh County to its west combine to form the eastern Pennsylvania region known as the Lehigh Valley, and both counties are included in the Philadelphia media market, the nation's fourth largest media market. Lehigh County, with a population of 374,557 of the 2020 U.S. census, is the more highly populated of the two counties.
Northampton County is industrially oriented, producing cement and other industrial products. It was a center for global cement production with the world's then-largest cement producer Atlas Portland Cement Company operating in the county for nearly a century from 1895 until 1982. Bethlehem Steel, one of the world's largest manufacturers of steel throughout the 20th century, was located in the county prior to its dissolution in 2003.
The Lehigh River, a 109-mile-long (175 km) tributary of the Delaware River, flows through Northampton County. The county borders Carbon County and the Poconos to the north, Lehigh County to the west, Bucks County, and the Delaware Valley to the south, and the Delaware River, which divides Pennsylvania and New Jersey, to the east.
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According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 377 square miles (980 km2), of which 370 square miles (960 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (2.0%) is water. The climate is humid continental (mostly Dfa with a little Dfb in higher northern areas) and the hardiness zones are 6b and 6a. Average monthly temperatures in downtown Bethlehem average from 29.1 °F in January to 74.1 °F in July, while in Wind Gap they average from 27.0 °F in January to 71.7 °F in July.
- Monroe County (north)
- Warren County, New Jersey (east)
- Bucks County (south)
- Lehigh County (west)
- Carbon County (northwest)
National protected areas
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|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 312,951, reflecting growth of 5.1% over 2010.As of the 2010 census, the county was 81.0% White Non-Hispanic, 5.0% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American or Alaskan Native, 2.4% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian, 2.2% were two or more races, and 3.8% were some other race. 10.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.
|Black or African American (NH)||17,429||5.6%|
|Native American (NH)||251||0.08%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||75||0.02%|
|Hispanic or Latino||44,597||14.25%|
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1830 United States census
1840 United States census
1850 United States census
1860 United States census
1870 United States census
1880 United States census
1890 United States census
1900 United States census
Northampton is one of the seven counties in Pennsylvania which has adopted a home rule charter. Voters elect an Executive, a nine-person Council, a Controller, and a District Attorney. The Executive, Controller and District Attorney are elected at large by all voters in the County. Five members of the council are also elected at large. The other four members of the council are elected from single-member districts. This weighted structure of government favors the majority of voters, but it does allow for representation of minority groups, if they live within a compact voting district. The Row Officers are nominated by the county executive and approved by county council.
The following currently serve as elected officials in Northampton County government offices:
- Lamont McClure, Democrat
- Ronald R. Heckman
- Lori Vargo Heffner
- Kevin Lott
- Kerry L. Myers
- Tara M. Zrinski
- John Brown
- John Cusick
- Tom Giovanni
- John Goffredo
Clerk of Courts
- Leigh Ann Fisher, Democrat
- Richard Szulborski, Democrat
- Terry Houck, Democrat
- Holly Ruggiero, Democrat
Register of Wills
- Gina Gibbs, Democrat
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As of November 7, 2022 there were 225,050 registered voters in Northampton County
- Democratic: 99,453 (44.19%)
- Republican: 81,711 (36.31%)
- No affiliation: 32,461 (14.42%)
- Other parties: 11,425 (5.08%)
In recent decades, Northampton has been identified as one of Pennsylvania's "swing counties," with statewide winners carrying it in most cases; since 1952, it has gone to the statewide winner in the presidential election. All five statewide winners carried it in November 2004 and all four statewide Democratic candidates carried it in November 2008, with District Attorney John Morganelli doing well there despite losing statewide to incumbent Attorney General Tom Corbett. The Democratic Party has been dominant most of the time in county-level politics in recent decades. In 2014, John Brown bucked that trend when he became the only Republican in the 21st Century to be elected Northampton County executive, a harbinger of Donald Trump winning the county and the state at the presidential level in 2016. Lamont McClure retook the county executive position for the Democrats in 2018; Joe Biden won Northampton County and Pennsylvania in 2020.
Voting machine problems
Municipal elections were held across Pennsylvania in November 2019, and results in Northampton County were plagued with problems caused by newly purchased machines, The ExpressVoteXL, sold by the manufacturer Election Systems & Software (ES&S) as a luxury one-stop voting system. According to The New York Times and other publications, it was a few minutes after the polls closed on Election Day when panic began to spread through the Northampton county election offices. Vote totals in one judge’s race showed one candidate, Abe Kassis, a Democrat, had just 164 votes out of 55,000 ballots across more than 100 precincts. Some machines reported zero votes for him.
The voting system, used in numerous Pennsylvania jurisdictions, combines a touch screen with a paper ballot backup. County officials determined the results by counting the paper ballots, which showed Mr. Kassis had won by 1,054 votes. Unofficial results were announced at 6AM on November 6. The election results were certified following a canvass and audit. No challenges to the election results were filed.
|Name||Party||Term start||Term end|
|Glenn F. Reibman||Democratic||1998||2006|
County council members
- Lori Vargo Heffner, President, Democrat, at large
- John A. Brown, Republican, at large
- John P. Goffredo, Republican, at large
- Ronald R. Heckman, Democrat, at large
- Tara Zrinski, Democrat, at large
- Kevin Lott, Democrat, district 1
- Kerry Myers, Vice President, Democrat, district 2
- John Cusick, Republican, district 3
- Tom Giovanni, Republican, district 4
- Milou Mackenzie, Republican, 131st district
- Steve Samuelson, Democrat, 135th district
- Robert L. Freeman, Democrat, 136th district
- Joe Emrick, Republican, 137th district
- Ann Flood, Republican, 138th district
- Zach Mako, Republican, 183rd district
- Nick Miller, Democrat, 14th district
- Lisa Boscola, Democrat, 18th district
United States House of Representatives
- Susan Wild, Democrat, 7th district
United States Senate
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2000 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1996 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1992 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1988 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1984 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1980 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1976 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1972 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1968 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1964 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1960 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
1956 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania
Colleges and universities
- Lafayette College, Easton
- Lehigh University, Bethlehem
- Moravian University, Bethlehem
- Northampton County Area Community College, Bethlehem Township
- Respect Graduate School, Bethlehem
Public school districts
Bethlehem Area School District
Catasauqua Area School District
Northampton Area School District
Pen Argyl Area School District
- Wilson Area High School, Easton
Public charter schools
Private high schools
- Bethlehem Catholic High School, Bethlehem
- Moravian Academy, Bethlehem
- Notre Dame High School, Easton
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Bethlehem Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Freedom High School (Pennsylvania)
Bangor Area School District
Bangor Area High School
Bethlehem Area School District
Liberty High School (Bethlehem, Pennsylvania)
Air transport to and from Northampton County is available through Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABE, ICAO: KABE) in Hanover Township, which is locatedapproximately 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Bethlehem and 11 miles (18 km) west-southwest of Easton.
Public bus service in Northampton County is available through the Lehigh and Northampton Transportation Authority, known as LANta. A shuttle bus service, The Bethlehem Loop, also operates in Bethlehem. NJ Transit provides service from Easton's Centre Square to the Phillipsburg area.
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Lehigh Valley International Airport
Hanover Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
IATA airport code
ICAO airport code
Lehigh and Northampton Transportation Authority
Pennsylvania Route 33
Pennsylvania Route 145
Pennsylvania Route 191
Pennsylvania Route 248
Northampton County was once served only by the 215 area code from 1947 (when the North American Numbering Plan of the Bell System went into effect) until 1994. With the county's growing population, however, Northampton County was afforded area code 610 in 1994. Today, Northampton County is covered by 610 except for the Portland exchange which uses 570. An overlay area code, 484, was added to the 610 service area in 1999. A plan to introduce area code 835 as an additional overlay was rescinded in 2001.
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There are two Pennsylvania state parks in Northampton County:
- Delaware Canal State Park follows the course of the old Delaware Canal along the Delaware River from Easton in Northampton County to Bristol in Bucks County.
- Jacobsburg Environmental Education Center
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Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and two towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Northampton County:
- Bethlehem (partly in Lehigh County)
- Easton (county seat)
Census-designated places are unincorporated communities designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law.
Other unincorporated places
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Northampton County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/borough/township/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||Bethlehem (partially in Lehigh County)||City||74,982|
|7||Lower Saucon Township||Township||10,772|
|14||Upper Mount Bethel Township||Township||6,706|
|15||Upper Nazareth Township||Township||6,231|
|20||Lower Nazareth Township||Township||5,674|
|23||East Allen Township||Township||4,930|
|28||Lower Mount Bethel Township||Township||3,101|
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Allen Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
East Allen Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
East Bangor, Pennsylvania
Source: "Northampton County, Pennsylvania", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northampton_County,_Pennsylvania.
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Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Carbon County, Pennsylvania
Hanover Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Bethlehem Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Hanover Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Lower Nazareth Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Lower Saucon Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Index of Pennsylvania-related articles
Minsi Trails Council
Pennsylvania Route 378
Eastern Pennsylvania Conference
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- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Northampton County, Pennsylvania".
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018.
- ^ "The bellwethers: What do voters in eastern PA know that the rest don't?". PennLive.com. Archived from the original on September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- ^ "A Pennsylvania County’s Election Day Nightmare Underscores Voting Machine Concerns," The New York Times, November 30, 2019.
- ^ "Pennsylvania says election went well but Republicans disagree; both following Northampton County problems," The Morning Call, November 6, 2019
- ^ a b Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Archived from the original on April 22, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- ^ "NANP-Overlay of 610 (Pennsylvania) Numbering Plan Area (NPA) with 484 NPA" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 26, 2010. (359 KB)
- ^ "PA 835 Implementation for 484/610 NPA Rescinded – 835 NPA Code Reclaimed" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 26, 2010. (20.8 KB)
- ^ CNMP, US Census Bureau. "This site has been redesigned and relocated. - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- Frances S. Fox, Sweet Land of Liberty: The Ordeal of the American Revolution in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.
- William J. Heller, History of Northampton County (Pennsylvania) and the Grand Valley of the Lehigh. In Three Volumes. New York: American Historical Society, 1920. Volume 1 | Volume 2 | Volume 3
- Official website
- Northampton County news at Lehigh Valley Live
- "Famous People from the Lehigh Valley," The Morning Call, August 18, 2006
- 1752 establishments in Pennsylvania
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- Northampton County, Pennsylvania
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