|Coordinates: 50°35′N 04°19′E / 50.583°N 4.317°ECoordinates: 50°35′N 04°19′E / 50.583°N 4.317°E|
|• Mayor||Pierre Huart (MR)|
|• Governing party/ies||MR-Ecolo|
|• Total||60.83 km2 (23.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
1400, 1401, 1402, 1404
Nivelles (French pronunciation: [nivɛl] (listen); Dutch: Nijvel, [ˈnɛi̯vəl] (listen); Walloon: Nivele; West Flemish: Neyvel) is a city and municipality of Wallonia located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. The Nivelles municipality includes the former municipalities of Baulers, Bornival, Thines, and Monstreux.
The Nivelles arrondissement includes all the municipalities in Walloon Brabant.
The Collegiate Church of St. Gertrude has been classified as a heritage site of Wallonia.
Discover more about Nivelles related topics
The rise of Nivelles
Starting in 4,000 BC, the Nivelles region was gradually turned into agricultural land by the Danubian settlers. Most of their ancestral Rubanean civilization was destroyed by the Roman invaders during the first century AD. In turn, most of the Roman constructions, including villas, were destroyed during the Germanic invasions of the 3rd century.
In the 7th century, the territory was part of the Austrasian Frankish kingdom, and the Mayor of the Palace, Pippin of Landen, rebuilt a villa there that covered more than 78 km². After Pippin's death in 640, the bishop of Maastricht, the future Saint Amand, urged Pippin's widow, Itta, to found an abbey in their villa. Itta's daughter, Gertrude, became the monastery's first abbess and was venerated as a saint upon her death. The growing influx of pilgrims necessitated the construction of ever-bigger churches, which culminated in the huge Romanesque structure that still stands today. The dedication of the church took place in 1046 in the presence of Wazo, Prince-Bishop of Liège, and Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor. This was the golden age of the Nivelles monastery, which now owned territories as far as Friesland, the Moselle and the Rhine.
13th century to 1830
In the 13th century, the city that grew around the church became part of the Duchy of Brabant. The population was mainly artisans and guild members, who did not hesitate to fight the abbesses and the dukes to obtain their rights. These rights were finally granted by Joanna, Duchess of Brabant in the 14th century. In 1647, an important uprising by the thread manufacturers resulted in many of the city's entrepreneurs leaving for France, leading to the city's economic decline. The wars of the 17th century between France and the Spanish Netherlands made the situation worse as Nivelles went through successive sieges and military occupations. The Austrian and French regimes of the 18th century brought religious and administrative reforms to the city.
1830 to the present day
In 1830, Nivelles was one of the first cities to send patriotic troops to Brussels to fight in the Belgian Revolution. The following years were marked by the growth of heavy industry, including metallurgy and railway construction. The bombing of the city during World War I brought some damage to buildings, but greater devastation occurred during World War II on 14 May 1940, when almost the entire city centre was destroyed, leaving only the walls of the collegiate church standing. The rebuilding of the church was completed in 1984, but remains can be seen of wall fragments on the south side of the collegiate.
Discover more about History related topics
- The Collegiate Church of St. Gertrude, patron saint of the city, dates from the 11th to the 13th century and is one of the best examples of Romanesque style in Belgium. It has been classified as one of Europe's major heritage sites. Tombs from the Merovingian (7th century) and Carolingian (9th century) periods have been found under the church. The Romanesque crypt is one of the largest of its kind in Europe.
- The two-meter-tall statue that strikes the hours in one of the towers (French: jacquemart) is affectionately known as "Jean de Nivelles". Jean dates from around 1400.
- The Recollets convent and its church date from the 16th century.
- Nivelles also has an archaeological museum, which complements the visit at Saint Gertrude.
- The "Dodaine" park provides a welcome green space on the southern side of the town.
Discover more about Main sights related topics
- Like Ath, Nivelles boasts a collection of processional giants, one of which, Goliath, dates from 1365. The Goliath family (husband, wife and son) is usually accompanied by an odd collection of giant animals, including a lion, a camel, a unicorn, and a dragon.
- Originating in the 13th century, the well-attended Saint-Gertrude religious procession is held annually.
- The Nivelles Carnival is more recent (19th century) and takes place on the first weekend of Lent. Like the Binche Carnival, that of Nivelles includes the famous Gilles.
- The city's gastronomic specialty is the tarte al d'jote, a type of quiche including local cheese, onions, greens, eggs and butter.
- Nivelles is also known for its 49-bell carillon and its four named canons.
Discover more about Folklore related topics
In 1972 and 1974, the Belgian Grand Prix was hosted at the Nivelles-Baulers circuit. Emerson Fittipaldi won the race both times. The circuit ultimately proved unpopular and has since been demolished.
In September 2007, Nivelles jointly hosted the VII European Handball Championship of Ballpelote, International fronton and International game with Buizingen.
Discover more about Sports related topics
- St Gertrude of Nivelles – Convent cofounder (7th century)
- St Wilfretrudis of Nivelles – Abbess and niece of Gertrude (7th century)
- Pippin of Landen, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia under the Merovingian kings (7th century)
- Gertrude of Nivelles, Pippin's daughter and abbess of the Nivelles monastery (626–659)
- Johann Tserclaes, Holy Roman Empire general in the Thirty Years' War (1559–1632)
- Louis-Joseph Seutin, doctor and surgeon (1793–1862)
- Jules Louis Guillery, lawyer and politician (1824–1902)
- Henri Delmotte, novelist (1822–1884)
- Didier Theys, racing driver (b. 1956)
- André Lotterer, racing driver (b. 1981)
Discover more about Famous inhabitants related topics
Source: "Nivelles", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 28th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nivelles.
Get our FREE extension now!
- Articles containing Dutch-language text
- Articles containing French-language text
- Articles containing Walloon-language text
- Articles containing West Flemish-language text
- Articles with BNF identifiers
- Articles with GND identifiers
- Articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers
- Articles with VIAF identifiers
- Articles with WORLDCATID identifiers
- Articles with hAudio microformats
- Articles with short description
- Burial sites of the Pippinids
- Cities in Wallonia
- Commons category link from Wikidata
- Coordinates on Wikidata
- Municipalities of Walloon Brabant
- Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map
- Pages using the Kartographer extension
- Romanesque architecture in Belgium
- Short description is different from Wikidata
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.