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Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg

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Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg
Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg (2019)
Grünberg in 2019
Mayor of Frankfurt
Interim
Assumed office
12 November 2022
Preceded byPeter Feldmann
Personal details
Born
Nargess Eskandari

(1965-02-20) 20 February 1965 (age 57)[1]
Tehran, Pahlavi Iran[1]
NationalityGerman
Political partyAlliance 90/The Greens
SpouseKurt Grünberg
Children2, including Maryam Zaree [de]
ProfessionPsychotherapist

Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg (Persian: نرگس اسکندری-گرونبرگ; born 20 February 1965) is a German politician for Alliance 90/The Greens. Since 2021 she has been Bürgermeisterin (deputy mayor) of Frankfurt am Main; following the recall of previous Oberbürgermeister (lord mayor) Peter Feldmann, she has acted as Mayor of Frankfurt on a caretaker basis from 12 November 2022 until the next mayoral election in March 2023.

Discover more about Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg related topics

Persian language

Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. Persian is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of the Cyrillic script.

Alliance 90/The Greens

Alliance 90/The Greens

Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply referred to as the Greens, is a green political party in Germany. It was formed in 1993 as the merger of The Greens and Alliance 90. The Greens had itself merged with the East German Green Party after German reunification in 1990.

Frankfurt

Frankfurt

Frankfurt, officially Frankfurt am Main, is the most populous city in the German state of Hesse. Its 763,380 inhabitants as of 31 December 2019 make it the fifth-most populous city in Germany. Located on its namesake Main River, it forms a continuous conurbation with the neighboring city of Offenbach am Main and its urban area has a population of over 2.3 million. The city is the heart of the larger Rhine-Main metropolitan region, which has a population of more than 5.6 million and is Germany's second-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr region. Frankfurt's central business district, the Bankenviertel, lies about 90 km (56 mi) northwest of the geographic center of the EU at Gadheim, Lower Franconia. Like France and Franconia, the city is named after the Franks. Frankfurt is the largest city in the Rhine Franconian dialect area.

Recall election

Recall election

A recall election is a procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a referendum before that official's term of office has ended. Recalls, which are initiated when sufficient voters sign a petition, have a history dating back to the constitution in ancient Athenian democracy and feature in several current constitutions. In indirect or representative democracy, people's representatives are elected and these representatives serve for a specific period of time. However, where the facility to recall exists, if any representative comes to be perceived as not properly discharging their responsibilities, they can be called back with the written request of a specific number or proportion of voters. Even where they are legally available, recall elections are only commonly held in a small number of countries including the United States, Peru, Ecuador, and Japan. They are considered by groups such as ACE Electoral Knowledge Network the most rarely used form of direct democracy.

Peter Feldmann

Peter Feldmann

Peter Manuel Feldmann is a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). On 25 March 2012, he was elected Mayor of Frankfurt as successor of Petra Roth (CDU). On 6 November 2022, he was recalled, with 95% of the vote against him, and he left office on 11 November 2022.

Mayor of Frankfurt

Mayor of Frankfurt

The Mayor of Frankfurt is the highest-ranking member of city government in Frankfurt, Germany. The mayor was traditionally elected by the city council. This system was replaced in 1995, and the position has been directly elected. Two people have won election since then: Petra Roth (CDU) and Peter Feldmann (SPD). Current mayor Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg (Green) assumed the office in November 2022 following a successful recall election against Feldmann.

Caretaker government

Caretaker government

A caretaker government is a temporary ad hoc government that performs some governmental duties and functions in a country until a regular government is elected or formed. Depending on specific practice, it usually consists of either randomly selected or approved members of parliament or outgoing members until their dismissal.

Early life

Eskandari-Grünberg was born in 1965 in Tehran. As a high-school student she protested for the overthrow of the Shah; after the Iranian Revolution, she campaigned for democracy against the Ruhollah Khomeini regime. While still at school, she was arrested and imprisoned in Evin Prison, and while there gave birth to a daughter, Maryam, with a college student.[2][3] She was released after a year and a half, and fled with her baby daughter to Germany, arriving in Frankfurt on Christmas Eve 1985.[2][4]

Eskandari-Grünberg earned a doctorate and became a psychotherapist with the German Red Cross, and married fellow psychologist Kurt Grünberg, with whom she has a second child.[5] Her daughter Maryam Zaree [de] became an actress, known for roles in the film Shahada and the TV series 4 Blocks and Tatort among others.[6] Eskandari-Grünberg was featured in Zaree's 2019 documentary Born in Evin [de], in which Zaree attempts to learn more about the circumstances of her mother's imprisonment and her own birth, and which won the 2020 German Film Award for Best Documentary Film.[3]

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Shah

Shah

Shah is a royal title that was historically used by the leading figures of Iranian monarchies. It was also used by a variety of Persianate societies, such as the Ottoman Empire, the Kazakh Khanate, the Khanate of Bukhara, the Emirate of Bukhara, the Mughal Empire, the Bengal Sultanate, historical Afghan dynasties, and among Gurkhas. Rather than regarding himself as simply a king of the concurrent dynasty, each Iranian ruler regarded himself as the Shahanshah or Padishah in the sense of a continuation of the original Persian Empire.

Iranian Revolution

Iranian Revolution

The Iranian Revolution, also known as the Islamic Revolution, was a series of events that culminated in the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the rule of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The revolution was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations.

Ruhollah Khomeini

Ruhollah Khomeini

Ruhollah Khomeini was an Iranian political and religious leader who served as the first supreme leader of Iran from 1979 until his death in 1989. He was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which saw the overthrow of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the end of the Persian monarchy. Following the revolution, Khomeini became the country's first supreme leader, a position created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic as the highest-ranking political and religious authority of the nation, which he held until his death. Most of his period in power was taken up by the Iran–Iraq War of 1980–1988. He was succeeded by Ali Khamenei on 4 June 1989.

Evin Prison

Evin Prison

Evin Prison is a prison located in the Evin neighborhood of Tehran, Iran. The prison has been the primary site for the housing of Iran's political prisoners since 1972, before and after the Islamic Revolution, in a purpose-built wing nicknamed "Evin University" due to the number of students and intellectuals housed there. Evin Prison has been accused of committing "serious human rights abuses" against its political dissidents and critics of the government.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior, increase happiness, and overcome problems. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, beliefs, compulsions, thoughts, or emotions, and to improve relationships and social skills. Numerous types of psychotherapy have been designed either for individual adults, families, or children and adolescents. Certain types of psychotherapy are considered evidence-based for treating some diagnosed mental disorders; other types have been criticized as pseudoscience.

German Red Cross

German Red Cross

The German Red Cross is the national Red Cross Society in Germany.

Shahada (film)

Shahada (film)

Shahada is a 2010 German drama film directed by Burhan Qurbani. It was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival. The film narrates the fates of three German-born Muslims in Berlin that collide as they struggle to find middle ground between faith and modern life in contemporary Western society.

4 Blocks

4 Blocks

4 Blocks is a German drama series. It stars Kida Khodr Ramadan as Ali "Toni“ Hamadi, the leader of a drug cartel in Berlin-Neukölln which has strong connections with the Arab crime families including his clan. He is forced to postpone his plans to leave the business to live an ordinary life with his wife, played by Maryam Zaree, when his brother-in-law, played by Massiv, is arrested. He brings in Vince Kerner, played by Frederick Lau, a boyhood friend, to restore order in the family business, much to the dislike of Toni's brother Abbas, played by Veysel, who is eager to succeed him as the family leader.

Tatort

Tatort

Tatort is a German language police procedural television series that has been running continuously since 1970 with some 30 feature-length episodes per year, which makes it the longest-running German TV drama. Developed by the German public-service broadcasting organisation ARD for their channel Das Erste, it is unique in its approach, in that it is jointly produced by all of the organisation's regional members as well as its partnering Austrian and Swiss national public-service broadcasters, whereby every regional station contributes a number of episodes to a common pool.

German Film Award for Best Documentary Film

German Film Award for Best Documentary Film

The German Film Award for Best Documentary Film is the award given to the best feature-length cinema documentary produced with majoritarian German funding. The current category was introduced in 2000, although numerous similar categories were in existence going back all the way to 1951.

Political career

In 2001, Eskandari-Grünberg joined Frankfurt City Council as a councillor for The Greens, and from 2008 to 2016, she sat on the city cabinet as the Head of Department for Integration.[7] In the 2018 mayoral election, she ran as the Green candidate and finished third with 9.3% of the vote.[8]

After the 2021 Frankfurt local elections, in which the Greens finished first, Eskandari-Grünberg was chosen as the Bürgermeisterin (Deputy Mayor) as well as the Head of Department for Diversity, Anti-discrimination and Social Cohesion.[5][7] Following the successful recall election against Lord Mayor of Frankfurt Peter Feldmann,[a] Eskandari-Grünberg took over the role of lord mayor on 12 November 2022, and will be the caretaker until the next election, expected to be held in March 2023.[10][11][12]

Eskandari-Grünberg is not religious and is skeptical of Islamic teaching and the role of women in Islam, campaigning unsuccessfully for a headscarf ban in public buildings, but also defends freedom of religion and supports a "critical dialogue" with Muslims.[13][14] After defending immigration and the construction of a mosque in Frankfurt, Eskandari-Grünberg became the target of a Neo-Nazi intimidation campaign.[13][14] Eskandari-Grünberg has been a vocal critic of the human rights situation in Iran and called for sanctions against the country. During the Mahsa Amini protests in Iran in 2022, Eskandari-Grünberg organised and led demonstrations in support of Iranian feminists in Frankfurt.[15]

Discover more about Political career related topics

2021 Hessian local elections

2021 Hessian local elections

Local elections were held in the German state of Hesse on 14 March 2021 to elect district, municipal, and city councils and local boards, as well as mayors in some cities and district administrators in some districts. Indirect elections also took place for the Planning Board of the Frankfurt Rhein-Main Regional Authority and the regional councils of Hesse's three governing districts.

Recall election

Recall election

A recall election is a procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a referendum before that official's term of office has ended. Recalls, which are initiated when sufficient voters sign a petition, have a history dating back to the constitution in ancient Athenian democracy and feature in several current constitutions. In indirect or representative democracy, people's representatives are elected and these representatives serve for a specific period of time. However, where the facility to recall exists, if any representative comes to be perceived as not properly discharging their responsibilities, they can be called back with the written request of a specific number or proportion of voters. Even where they are legally available, recall elections are only commonly held in a small number of countries including the United States, Peru, Ecuador, and Japan. They are considered by groups such as ACE Electoral Knowledge Network the most rarely used form of direct democracy.

Peter Feldmann

Peter Feldmann

Peter Manuel Feldmann is a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). On 25 March 2012, he was elected Mayor of Frankfurt as successor of Petra Roth (CDU). On 6 November 2022, he was recalled, with 95% of the vote against him, and he left office on 11 November 2022.

Women in Islam

Women in Islam

The experiences of Muslim women vary widely between and within different societies. At the same time, their adherence to Islam is a shared factor that affects their lives to a varying degree and gives them a common identity that may serve to bridge the wide cultural, social, and economic differences between them.

Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion or religious liberty is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance. It also includes the freedom to change one's religion or beliefs, "the right not to profess any religion or belief", or "not to practise a religion".

Neo-Nazism

Neo-Nazism

Neo-Nazism comprises the post–World War II militant, social, and political movements that seek to revive and reinstate Nazi ideology. Neo-Nazis employ their ideology to promote hatred and racial supremacy, attack racial and ethnic minorities, and in some cases to create a fascist state.

Mahsa Amini protests

Mahsa Amini protests

An ongoing series of protests and civil unrest against the government of Iran began in Tehran on 16 September 2022 as a reaction to the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini. She had been arrested by the Guidance Patrol for allegedly violating Iran's mandatory hijab law by wearing her hijab "improperly" while visiting Tehran from Saqqez. According to eyewitnesses, Amini had been severely beaten by Guidance Patrol officers, an assertion denied by Iranian authorities.

Other activities

Corporate boards

  • Wirtschaftsförderung Frankfurt GmbH, Member of the Supervisory Board[16]

Non-profit organizations

Source: "Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nargess_Eskandari-Grünberg.

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Footnotes
  1. ^ Feldmann's term in office expired on 11 November 2022 "at the end of that day"[9]
References
  1. ^ a b "Dr. Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg DIE GRÜNEN im Römer" (in German). Stadt Frankfurt. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  2. ^ a b Busche, Andreas (18 October 2019). "Geboren im Gefängnis". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  3. ^ a b Epp, Eugen (18 September 2019). "In iranischem Gefängnis geboren: Schauspielerin Maryam Zaree auf den Spuren ihrer Geschichte". Stern (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Former Iranian Political Prisoner Elected as Mayor of Frankfurt". Kodoom. 25 September 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Neue Bürgermeisterin: "Habe Frankfurt viel zu verdanken"". Frankfurter Neue Press (in German). 14 November 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  6. ^ "Das Leben ist fucking insane". Fräulein Magazine (in German). 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Dr. Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg". Grüne Hessen (in German). 22 February 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Direktwahl 2018 in Frankfurt-am-Main". Wahlamt Frankfurt. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Endgültiges Ergebnis des Bürgerentscheides zur Abwahl des Oberbürgermeisters der Stadt Frankfurt am Main steht fest" [The final result of the referendum to vote out the Lord Mayor of the City of Frankfurt am Main has been determined] (in German). Stadt Frankfurt. 11 November 2022. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  10. ^ "Frankfurter wählen Oberbürgermeister Feldmann mit großer Mehrheit ab" [Frankfurters vote out Lord Mayor Feldmann with a large majority]. Tagesspiegel (in German). 6 November 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  11. ^ "Voters in Frankfurt remove city's mayor amid corruption case". ABC News. 7 November 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  12. ^ Leppert, Georg (14 November 2022). "Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg: Plötzlich ist sie Oberbürgermeisterin" [Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg: Suddenly she's the lord mayor]. Frankfurter Neue Presse (in German). Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  13. ^ a b Platten, Heide (8 April 2008). "Streitbare Frau mit vielen Feinden". taz (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  14. ^ a b Bartsch, Matthias (20 April 2008). "Zurück zu den Mullahs". Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  15. ^ "Frankfurts Bürgermeisterin Eskandari-Grünberg über die Proteste im Iran". Hessenschau (in German). 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  16. ^ Supervisory Board Wirtschaftsförderung Frankfurt GmbH.
  17. ^ Board of Directors Alte Oper.
  18. ^ Supervisory Board Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt.
External links

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