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Multiocular O

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Cyrillic letter Multiocular O
U+A66E multiocular O (10 eyes).svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀А̂А̄ӒБВ
ГҐДЂЃЕЕ́Ѐ
Е̂Е̄ЁЄЄ́ЖЗЗ́
ЅИІІ́ЇИ́ЍӢ
ЙЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОО́О̀О̂ŌӦПР
СС́ТЋЌУУ́У̀
У̂ӮЎӰФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЪ̀ЫЫ́Ь
ѢЭЭ́ЮЮ́Ю̀ЯЯ́
Я̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄А̨ӔӘӘ́
Ә̀Ә̃ӚӘ̄В̌ҒГ̑Г̣
Г̌ Г̂Г̆Г̈ҔӺҒ̌Ӷ
Д́Д̀Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆ӖЕ̃
Ё̄Є̈ҖӜӁЖ̣ҘӞ
З̌З̣З̆ԐԐ́Ԑ̈ӠИ̃
И̂ӤҊІ̄́І̨Ј̵ҚК̈
ӃҠҞҜК̣ԚЛ́Л̀
ӅԮԒЛ̈ӍН́Н̀Н̃
ӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̃Ӧ̄
ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆ӪҨԤП̈
Р́Р̌ҎС̀С̌ҪС̣Т́
Т̈Т̌Т̣ҬТ‍ЬУ̃ӲУ̊
Ӱ̄ҮҮ́Ү̈ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮
Х̑Х̌ҲӼӾҺҺ̈Һ̌
ԦЦ́Ц̌Ц̈ҴЧ̀ҶҶ̣
ӴӋCyrillic letter Che with hook (article link).svgҸЧ̇Ч̣ҼҾ
Ш̆Ш̈Ш̣Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆
Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́
Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈Я̈́ԜӀ
Archaic letters
Б̣ԀԂ
ԄԆІ̂
ԞК̂ԈԠН̄ԊԢѺ
ҦҀ
ԌԎѸѠ
Ѿ
Ы̃Ѣ́Ѣ̈Ѣ̆Ѥ
ѦѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶԘ
ԔԖԪԬГ̧Г̄
К̅З̀Т̀

Multiocular O () is a rare glyph variant of the Cyrillic letter O. This glyph variant can be found in a single 15th century manuscript, in the Old Church Slavonic phrase "серафими многоꙮ҄читїи҄" (serafimi mnogoočitii, "many-eyed seraphim"). It was documented by Yefim Karsky[1] from a copy of the book of Psalms[2] from around 1429, now found in the collection[3] of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.

The character was proposed for inclusion into Unicode in 2007[4] and incorporated as character U+A66E in Unicode version 5.1 (2008).[5] The representative glyph had seven eyes. However, in 2021, following a tweet highlighting the character,[6] it came to linguist Michael Everson's attention that the character in the 1429 manuscript was actually made up of ten eyes. After a 2022 proposal to change the character to reflect this, it was updated later that year for Unicode 15.0 to have ten eyes.[7][8]

The letter in the original manuscript.The incorrect form originally implemented into Unicode (2007-2022).
The letter in the original manuscript.
The letter in the original manuscript.The incorrect form originally implemented into Unicode (2007-2022).
The incorrect form originally implemented into Unicode (2007-2022).

Discover more about Multiocular O related topics

Glyph

Glyph

A glyph is any kind of purposeful mark. In typography, a glyph is "the specific shape, design, or representation of a character". It is a particular graphical representation, in a particular typeface, of an element of written language. A grapheme, or part of a grapheme, or sometimes several graphemes in combination can be represented by a glyph.

Cyrillic script

Cyrillic script

The Cyrillic script, Slavonic script or the Slavic script, is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia. It is the designated national script in various Slavic, Turkic, Mongolic, Uralic, Caucasian and Iranic-speaking countries in Southeastern Europe, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, North Asia, and East Asia.

O (Cyrillic)

O (Cyrillic)

O is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Old Church Slavonic

Old Church Slavonic

Old Church Slavonic or Old Slavonic was the first Slavic literary language.

Seraph

Seraph

A seraph is a type of celestial or heavenly being originating in Ancient Judaism. The term plays a role in subsequent Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Yefim Karsky

Yefim Karsky

Yefim Fyodorovich Karsky was a Belarusian-Russian linguist-Slavist, ethnographer and paleographer, founder of Belarusian linguistics, literary studies and paleography, a member of numerous scientific institutions, and author of more than 100 works on linguistics, ethnography, paleography and others.

Psalms

Psalms

The Book of Psalms, also known as the Psalms, or the Psalter, is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Tanakh, and a book of the Old Testament. The title is derived from the Greek translation, ψαλμοί, meaning "instrumental music" and, by extension, "the words accompanying the music". The book is an anthology of individual Hebrew religious hymns, with 150 in the Jewish and Western Christian tradition and more in the Eastern Christian churches. Many are linked to the name of David, but modern mainstream scholarship rejects his authorship, instead attributing the composition of the psalms to various authors writing between the 9th and 5th centuries BC. In the Quran, the Arabic word ‘Zabur’ is used for the Psalms of David in the Hebrew Bible.

Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius

Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is the most important Russian monastery and the spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church. The monastery is situated in the town of Sergiyev Posad, about 70 km to the north-east from Moscow by the road leading to Yaroslavl, and currently is home to over 300 monks.

Unicode

Unicode

Unicode, formally The Unicode Standard, is an information technology standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems. The standard, which is maintained by the Unicode Consortium, defines as of the current version (15.0) 149,186 characters covering 161 modern and historic scripts, as well as symbols, emoji, and non-visual control and formatting codes.

Twitter

Twitter

Twitter is an online social media and social networking service owned and operated by American company Twitter, Inc., on which users send and respond publicly or privately 280-character-long messages, images and videos known as "tweets". Registered users can tweet, like, 'retweet' tweets and direct message (DM), while unregistered users only have the ability to view public tweets. Users interact with Twitter through browser or mobile frontend software, or programmatically via its APIs.

Michael Everson

Michael Everson

Michael Everson is an American and Irish linguist, script encoder, typesetter, type designer and publisher. He runs a publishing company called Evertype, through which he has published over a hundred books since 2006.

Source: "Multiocular O", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiocular_O.

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References
  1. ^ Карский, Ефим (1979). Славянская кирилловская палеография. Moscow. p. 197.
  2. ^ "Рукопись 308. Псалтирь. напис. 1429 (?) года". folio 243v. Archived from the original on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  3. ^ "Славянские рукописи — Главная библиотека". Archived from the original on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  4. ^ Everson, Michael; Birnbaum, David; Cleminson, Ralph; et al. (2007-03-21). "Proposal to encode additional Cyrillic characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). p. 4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-04-10. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  5. ^ Compart AG (2018). "Unicode Character "ꙮ" (U+A66E)". Archived from the original on 2018-08-04. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  6. ^ @etiennefd on Twitter (2020-10-31). "Happy Halloween! I feel like I have to talk about something scary.[…]". Retrieved 2022-11-02.
  7. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-B; Range: A640–A69F" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-02-13.
  8. ^ Everson, Michael. "Proposal to revise the glyph of CYRILLIC LETTER MULTIOCULAR O" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-03-22. Retrieved 2022-03-22.

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