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Mukhriz Mahathir

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Mukhriz Mahathir
مخرج محاضر
Mukhriz Mahathir.jpg
11th and 13th Menteri Besar of Kedah
In office
11 May 2018 – 17 May 2020
MonarchSallehuddin
Preceded byAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah
Succeeded byMuhammad Sanusi Md Nor
In office
6 May 2013 – 3 February 2016
MonarchAbdul Halim
Preceded byAzizan Abdul Razak
Succeeded byAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
10 April 2009 – 15 May 2013
Serving with Jacob Dungau Sagan
MonarchsMizan Zainal Abidin (2008–2011)
Abdul Halim
(2011–2013)
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterMustapa Mohamed
Preceded byLiew Vui Keong
Succeeded byHamim Samuri
ConstituencyJerlun
1st President of the
Homeland Fighters' Party
Assumed office
12 August 2020
DeputyMarzuki Yahya
ChairmanMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byPosition established
ConstituencyJerlun
1st Deputy President of the
Malaysian United Indigenous Party
In office
7 September 2016 – 28 May 2020
PresidentMuhyiddin Yassin
ChairmanMahathir Mohamad
(2016–2020)
Muhyiddin Yassin
(Acting) (2020)
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAhmad Faizal Azumu
ConstituencyJerlun
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Jerlun
In office
9 May 2018 – 19 November 2022
Preceded byOthman Aziz
(BNUMNO)
Succeeded byAbdul Ghani Ahmad
Majority5,866 (2018)
In office
8 March 2008 – 5 May 2013
Preceded byAbd Rahman Ariffin
(BNUMNO)
Succeeded byOthman Aziz
(BNUMNO)
Majority2,205 (2008)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Jitra
Assumed office
9 May 2018
Preceded byAminuddin Omar
(BNUMNO)
Majority10,849 (2018)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Ayer Hitam
In office
5 May 2013 – 9 May 2018
Preceded byAbdul Ghani Ahmad
(PRPAS)
Succeeded byAzhar Ibrahim
(PAS)
Majority2,446 (2013)
Personal details
Born
Mukhriz bin Mahathir

(1964-11-25) 25 November 1964 (age 58)
Kedah, Malaysia
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyUMNO (2004-2016)
Independent (2016, 2020)
BERSATU (2016-2020)
PEJUANG (since 2020)
Other political
affiliations
Barisan Nasional (2004-2016)
Pakatan Harapan (2017-2020, allied : 2020-2022)
Gerakan Tanah Air (since 2022)
SpouseNorzieta Zakaria
Children4
Parent(s)Mahathir Mohamad
Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali
Residence(s)5, Jalan Tun Ismail 1, Bukit Tunku, Kuala Lumpur
Alma materSophia University
Boston University
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionBusinessman
Websitemukhriz.com
Mukhriz Mahathir on Parliament of Malaysia

Dato' Seri Utama Mukhriz bin Tun Dr. Mahathir (Jawi: مخرج بن محاضر; born 25 November 1964) is a Malaysian politician who twice served as the 11th and 13th Menteri Besar of Kedah from May 2013 to February 2016 and again from May 2018 to May 2020. He also served as the Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under former Prime Ministers Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and Najib Razak as well as former Minister Mustapa Mohamed from March 2008 to May 2013. He has served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Jerlun from May 2018 to October 2022, from March 2008 to May 2013 and Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Jitra since May 2018 as well as Ayer Hitam from May 2013 to May 2018. He is the third son of Mahathir Mohamad, the 4th, 7th and former Prime Minister of Malaysia. He has been a founding member and 1st President of the Homeland Fighters' Party (PEJUANG) since party foundation in August 2020. He was a founding member, 1st Deputy President and State Chairman of Kedah of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) from party foundation in September 2016 to his membership termination in May 2020 and too, State Chairman of Kedah of its former coalition, Pakatan Harapan (PH) opposition coalition. He was also a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, till he left the party with Mahathir in 2016 to found BERSATU.[1] He is one of the two Menteris Besar of Malaysia who represented two different political parties and coalitions.

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Menteri Besar of Kedah

Menteri Besar of Kedah

The Menteri Besar of Kedah or the First Minister of Kedah is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Kedah. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly.

Minister of International Trade and Industry (Malaysia)

Minister of International Trade and Industry (Malaysia)

The Minister of International Trade and Industry is vacant since 24 November 2022. The minister is supported by Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry which is currently vacant. The minister administers the portfolio through the Ministry of International Trade and Industry.

Barisan Nasional

Barisan Nasional

The National Front is a political coalition of Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing political parties. It is also the third largest political coalition with 30 seats in the Dewan Rakyat after coalition Pakatan Harapan with 82 seats and the coalition Perikatan Nasional with 73 seats.

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Tun Abdullah bin Ahmad Badawi is a Malaysian politician who served as the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia from October 2003 to April 2009. He was also the sixth president of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the largest political party in Malaysia, and led the governing Barisan Nasional (BN) parliamentary coalition. He is informally known as Pak Lah, Pak meaning 'Uncle', while Lah is taken from his name 'Abdullah'.

Jerlun (federal constituency)

Jerlun (federal constituency)

Jerlun is a federal constituency in Kubang Pasu District, Kedah, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1995.

Kedah State Legislative Assembly

Kedah State Legislative Assembly

The Kedah State Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Kedah. It is a unicameral institution, consisting of a total of 36 lawmakers representing single-member constituencies throughout the state.

Jitra (state constituency)

Jitra (state constituency)

Jitra is a state constituency in Kedah, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Kedah State Legislative Assembly.

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir bin Mohamad is a Malaysian politician, author, and physician who served as the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia. He held office from July 1981 to October 2003 and later from May 2018 to March 2020 for a cumulative total of 24 years, making him the country's longest-serving prime minister. Before his promotion to the premiership, he served as Deputy Prime Minister and in other Cabinet positions. He has served as a member of parliament for Langkawi from May 2018 to October 2022, Kubang Pasu from August 1974 to March 2004, and Kota Setar Selatan from April 1964 to May 1969. His political career has spanned more than 75 years, from joining protests opposing citizenship policies for non-Malays in the Malayan Union in the 1940s to forming the Gerakan Tanah Air coalition in 2022.

Homeland Fighters' Party

Homeland Fighters' Party

The Homeland Fighters' Party is a Malay-based political party of Malaysia, formed in August 2020 by the former Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad in opposition to the ruling Perikatan Nasional and Barisan Nasional government led by the then-Prime Minister and president of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.

Kedah

Kedah

Kedah, also known by its honorific Darul Aman and historically as Queda, is a state of Malaysia, located in the northwestern part of Peninsular Malaysia. The state covers a total area of over 9,000 km2, and it consists of the mainland and the Langkawi islands. The mainland has a relatively flat terrain, which is used to grow rice, while Langkawi is an archipelago, most of which are uninhabited islands.

Malaysian United Indigenous Party

Malaysian United Indigenous Party

The Malaysian United Indigenous Party, abbreviated BERSATU or PPBM, is a nationalist political party in Malaysia. The party was preceded by the United Indigenous Association of Malaysia. It is a major component party within the Perikatan Nasional coalition and the Barisan Nasional coalition, after the collapse of the Pakatan-led government. BERSATU was approved and fully registered on 14 January 2017 by the Registrar of Societies (ROS) and the use of the BERSATU logo was authorized by the Malaysian Election Commission (SPR). The party held the Prime Ministerial position as well as the majority of positions in the cabinet from May 2020 to August 2021. The party's founding members came from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and Barisan Nasional rebel group Gabungan Ketua Cawangan Malaysia in 2016.

Malaysia

Malaysia

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital, largest city and the seat of the legislative branch of the federal government. The nearby planned capital of Putrajaya is the administrative capital, which represents the seat of both the executive branch and the judicial branch of the federal government. With a population of over 32 million, Malaysia is the world's 45th-most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia is in Tanjung Piai. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, home to numerous endemic species.

Business career and personal life

Mukhriz attended Sophia University, in Tokyo, where he received a bachelor's degree in business management (assumed in 1987). He later received another bachelor's degree in marketing after graduating from Boston University (assumed in 1989).[2][3][4]

Mukhriz has held various posts in several business firms, which include Opcom Holdings,[5][6] Kosmo Tech[7] as well as the Malaysian Franchise Association.[8] He was also the executive director of Perdana Peace Global Organisation.[9] He served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Malaysian cancer vaccine company, Bioven.[10]

Mukhriz married Yang Amat Berbahagia To' Puan Seri Utama Norzieta Zakaria on 14 November 1993,[11] and together, they have four children.[12]

On 27 August 2020, Mukhriz admitted that it was his daughter and son-in-law who were recently arrested by the police for breaching the recovery movement control order (MCO) rules.[13][14][15] On 28 August, Mukhriz's daughter, Meera Alyanna Mukhriz, has apologised for breaching recovery movement-control order (RMCO) procedures by staying out past the 12pm closing time at an eatery.[16][17]

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Sophia University

Sophia University

Sophia University is a private research university in Japan. Sophia is one of the three Sōkeijōchi (早慶上智) private universities, a group of the top three private universities in Japan with the other two being Keio University and Waseda University, according to the Times Higher Education. It is also ranked number 18 in the 2021 Times Japan University Rankings. Founded by the Roman Catholic religious order of the Society of Jesus in 1913, the university has grown from its three original academic departments of Philosophy, German Literature, and Commerce to 9 undergraduate Faculties and 10 Graduate Schools, with over 13,900 students in total at the moment.

Tokyo

Tokyo

Tokyo, officially the Tokyo Metropolis, is the capital and largest city of Japan. Formerly known as Edo, its metropolitan area is the most populous in the world, with an estimated 37.468 million residents as of 2018; the city proper has a population of 13.99 million people. Located at the head of Tokyo Bay, the prefecture forms part of the Kantō region on the central coast of Honshu, Japan's largest island. Tokyo serves as Japan's economic center and is the seat of both the Japanese government and the Emperor of Japan.

Bachelor's degree

Bachelor's degree

A bachelor's degree or baccalaureate is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to six years. The two most common bachelor's degrees are the Bachelor of Arts (BA) and the Bachelor of Science. In some institutions and educational systems, certain bachelor's degrees can only be taken as graduate or postgraduate educations after a first degree has been completed, although more commonly the successful completion of a bachelor's degree is a prerequisite for further courses such as a master's or a doctorate.

Marketing

Marketing

Marketing is the process of exploring, creating, and delivering value to meet the needs of a target market in terms of goods and services; potentially including selection of a target audience; selection of certain attributes or themes to emphasize in advertising; operation of advertising campaigns; attendance at trade shows and public events; design of products and packaging attractive to buyers; defining the terms of sale, such as price, discounts, warranty, and return policy; product placement in media or with people believed to influence the buying habits of others; agreements with retailers, wholesale distributors, or resellers; and attempts to create awareness of, loyalty to, and positive feelings about a brand. Marketing is typically done by the seller, typically a retailer or manufacturer. Sometimes tasks are contracted to a dedicated marketing firm or advertising agency. More rarely, a trade association or government agency advertises on behalf of an entire industry or locality, often a specific type of food, food from a specific area, or a city or region as a tourism destination.

Boston University

Boston University

Boston University (BU) is a private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. The university is nonsectarian, but has a historical affiliation with the United Methodist Church. It was founded in 1839 by Methodists with its original campus in Newbury, Vermont, before moving to Boston in 1867.

Perdana Leadership Foundation

Perdana Leadership Foundation

Perdana Leadership Foundation is a foundation established to preserve, research and disseminate information on the past Prime Ministers of Malaysia. The foundation's main aim is to increase awareness of Malaysia's intellectual heritage based on its belief that past leadership can provide important resources and insights for future development. A tax-exempt, non-profit organisation, the Foundation intends to become the premier institution for the study of Malaysia’s past Prime Ministers and the central resource centre for research into national stewardship as well as a platform for reflection, debate, and discussion with distinguished figures in Malaysian leadership.

Political career

Pre-parliamentary career

In 2004, he won election to the executive council of UMNO's youth wing, by garnering the highest number of votes of any candidate.[18][19] He was also seen as a potential candidate for being the deputy chief of UMNO Youth, but he later withdrew his candidacy.[12]

Mukhriz was noted for his continuous efforts in speaking for his father in the events of the rift between Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and his father.[20][21] In 2006, his father lost a bid to be elected as one of seven delegates from Kubang Pasu to UMNO's general assembly; Mukhriz was elected as one of the seven.[22]

Federal parliamentarian (2008–2013)

In the 2008 Malaysian general election, Mukhriz contested and won the Jerlun Parliament Seat.[23][24] Before this, he offered himself to contest in Langkawi Parliament Seat but was rejected by 85 out of 91 UMNO branches in Langkawi.[25] However, many Langkawi leaders backed him later. The Jerlun UMNO division welcomed Mukhriz to contest in their Parliament seat and promised to give him full support in the election.[26]

In 2009, Mukhriz contested as a candidate for the new UMNO Youth Chief after the wing's predecessor, Datuk Seri Hishamuddin Hussein released his position. He was rivalled by Khairy Jamaluddin and Khir Toyo. Nominations for the posts coincided with division meetings which took place between October and November 2008. Mukhriz was initially seen as leading in nominations compared to Khairy but eventually lost in the final vote count.

However, a controversy was sparked when Khairy was allowed to contest for the post even though he was found guilty for being involved with money politics by the UMNO Disciplinary Board,[27] while others who were found guilty for the same offence, such as Mohd Ali Rustam who was supposed to contest for the UMNO Vice-President post, were not allowed to contest for their respective posts. However, Khairy denied the allegation, as stated in his blog.[28]

Mukhriz in 2013
Mukhriz in 2013

First term as Menteri Besar Kedah (2013–2016)

In the 2013 election, Mukhriz gave up his seat in federal parliament to contest the Kedah State Assembly seat of Ayer Hitam. The move was taken with a view to becoming the Chief Minister of Kedah if the Barisan Nasional coalition could defeat the Pakatan Rakyat (PR) state government led by Azizan Abdul Razak. Mukhriz won Ayer Hitam (defeating the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) incumbent), Barisan Nasional reclaimed the state government, and Mukhriz was sworn in as Chief Minister on 6 May, the day after the election, in the presence of his father.[29]

In January 2016, UMNO Kedah leaders, led by Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah, declare the loss of confidence towards Mukhriz due to "his inability to maintain a united party leadership".[30] The move is widely believed to be a reprisal orchestrated by the Prime Minister Najib Razak's camp in UMNO, which was increasingly infuriated by Mahathir's and Mukhriz's criticisms against Najib.[31] He resigned on 3 February 2016 after losing the majority of support among the assemblymen.[32] Ahmad Bashah, who is also the Bakar Bata assemblyman, succeeded him as the 12th Chief Minister of Kedah.[33] Daughter of Mukhriz, Meera Alyanna Mukhriz expressed her gratitude to the rakyat of Kedah for giving her father a chance to serve the state and its people.[34]

Mukhriz was expelled from UMNO together with Muhyiddin Yassin in June 2016.[35]

Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (BERSATU) (2016-2020)

In August 2016, Mukhriz together with Mahathir Mohamad, Muhyiddin Yassin, Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman, Kamarulazman Habibur Rahman, Anina Saadudin and Akhramsyah Sanusi formed Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (PPBM or BERSATU).[36]

Mukhriz was the Deputy President of BERSATU and the Chairman of Pakatan Harapan in Kedah.

Second term as Menteri Besar Kedah (2018-2020)

In the 2018 general election, the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition led by former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, Mukhriz's father, won 18 of the 36 state assembly seats.

He took his oath of office before Kedah Sultan Tunku Sallehuddin Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah in a ceremony held in Istana Anak Bukit.[37]

On 22 January 2020, Mukhriz said starting the new year bringing in investments from China is a good sign for the state. He shake hands with Jin Yeuhua at a signing ceremony at Wisma Darul Aman.[38]

On 29 January 2020, Mukhriz said Kedah recorded a revenue of RM726.89 million in 2019, surpassing the target of RM710 million set by the state government last year.[39]

On 17 May 2020, he resigned as Chief Minister of Kedah mentioning he couldn't hold on to majority amongst his state assemblymen and thus relinquished his position as Chief Minister of Kedah.[40]

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Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Tun Abdullah bin Ahmad Badawi is a Malaysian politician who served as the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia from October 2003 to April 2009. He was also the sixth president of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the largest political party in Malaysia, and led the governing Barisan Nasional (BN) parliamentary coalition. He is informally known as Pak Lah, Pak meaning 'Uncle', while Lah is taken from his name 'Abdullah'.

Kubang Pasu District

Kubang Pasu District

The Kubang Pasu District is a district in northern Kedah, Malaysia. It contains the border town of Bukit Kayu Hitam as well as the educational hub of Changlun, while Jitra is the largest town and administrative centre of the district. The district council had been upgraded into municipal council on 22 October 2018, become the fifth city or municipal in the state.

2008 Malaysian general election

2008 Malaysian general election

A general election was held on Saturday, 8 March 2008 for members of the 12th Parliament of Malaysia. Voting took place in all 222 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 505 state constituencies in 12 out of 13 states on the same day.

Jerlun (federal constituency)

Jerlun (federal constituency)

Jerlun is a federal constituency in Kubang Pasu District, Kedah, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1995.

Langkawi

Langkawi

Langkawi, officially known by its sobriquet Langkawi, the Jewel of Kedah, is a duty-free island and an archipelago of 99 islands located some 30 km off the coast of northwestern Malaysia and a few kilometres south of Ko Tarutao, adjacent to the Thai border. Politically, it is an administrative district of Kedah, with Kuah as its largest town. Pantai Cenang is the island's most popular beach and tourist area.

Khairy Jamaluddin

Khairy Jamaluddin

Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar, often referred to by his initials KJ, is a Malaysian politician who has served as Minister of Health in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob since August 2021. He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Rembau from March 2008 to November 2022. He served as the Coordinating Minister of the COVID-19 National Immunisation Programme (PICK) from February 2021 to August 2021 and Minister of Science, Technology, and Innovation from March 2020 to August 2021 in the Perikatan Nasional (PN) administration under former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin. He came to prominence as the minister-in-charge of PICK which is one of the most important and significant efforts to contain the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. He also served as the Minister of Youth and Sports in the BN administration under former Prime Minister Najib Razak from May 2013 to May 2018. He is a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of BN. He also served as the Youth Chief of UMNO from March 2009 to June 2018.

Khir Toyo

Khir Toyo

Dr. Mohamad Khir Bin Toyo was the former Chief Minister of the state of Selangor in Malaysia from 2000 to 2008. His Barisan Nasional (BN) government was defeated in the 2008 general election, following which he served as the state's Opposition Leader until December 2010. He has been a member of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly since 1999, for the seat of Sungai Panjang. He faced charges of corruption after stepping down as Chief Minister, and was convicted of graft in the High Court on 23 December 2011.

Bribery

Bribery

Bribery is the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions of an official, or other person, in charge of a public or legal duty. With regard to governmental operations, essentially, bribery is "Corrupt solicitation, acceptance, or transfer of value in exchange for official action." Gifts of money or other items of value which are otherwise available to everyone on an equivalent basis, and not for dishonest purposes, is not bribery. Offering a discount or a refund to all purchasers is a legal rebate and is not bribery. For example, it is legal for an employee of a Public Utilities Commission involved in electric rate regulation to accept a rebate on electric service that reduces their cost for electricity, when the rebate is available to other residential electric customers. However, giving a discount specifically to that employee to influence them to look favorably on the electric utility's rate increase applications would be considered bribery.

2013 Malaysian general election

2013 Malaysian general election

General elections were held in Malaysia on Sunday, 5 May 2013 to elect the members of the 13th Parliament. Voting took place in all 222 parliamentary constituencies, each electing one MP to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 505 state constituencies in 12 of the 13 states on the same day.

Azizan Abdul Razak

Azizan Abdul Razak

Azizan bin Abdul Razak was a Malaysian politician who served as the 10th Menteri Besar of the state of Kedah from 2008 to 2013. A member of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), he was the first Chief Minister of Kedah from a party other than the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). He held the seat of Sungai Limau in the Kedah state assembly from 2004 until his death in 2013. He was also the state commissioner for PAS in Kedah and a member of the central committee of the national party.

1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal

1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal

The 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal, often referred to as the 1MDB scandal or just 1MDB, describes a corruption, bribery and money laundering conspiracy in which the Malaysian sovereign wealth fund 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) was systematically embezzled, with assets diverted globally by the perpetrators of the scheme. International in scope, it implicated political, banking and entertainment figures and institutions and led to criminal investigations in several countries. The 1MDB scandal has been described as "one of the world's greatest financial scandals" and declared by the United States Department of Justice as the "largest kleptocracy case to date" in 2016.

Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah

Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah

Ahmad Bashah bin Md Hanipah is a Malaysian politician. He is a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party in Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. He was the Menteri Besar of Kedah from 4 February 2016 to 10 May 2018. He was appointed as Menteri Besar after Mukhriz Mahathir agreed to step down after losing majority support in the state assembly. Ahmad Bashah was sworn in as Menteri Besar of Kedah the day after Mukhriz resigned, on February 4, 2016.

Election results

Kedah State Legislative Assembly[41][42][43][44][45]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2013 N04 Ayer Hitam, P005 Jerlun. Mukhriz Mahathir (UMNO) 14,083 54.55% Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 11,637 45.07% 26,200 2,446 88.61%
2018 N06 Jitra, P006 Kubang Pasu. Mukhriz Mahathir (BERSATU) 18,852 55.03% Aminuddin Omar (UMNO) 8,003 23.36% 34,252 10,849 83.00%
Zulhazmi Othman (PAS) 7,064 20.62%
Parliament of Malaysia[41][42][44][45]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2008 P005 Jerlun, Kedah. Mukhriz Mahathir (UMNO) 19,424 53.01% Idris Ahmad (PAS) 17,219 46.99% 37,242 2,205 81.83%
2018 Mukhriz Mahathir (BERSATU) 18,695 41.86% Othman Aziz (UMNO) 12,413 27.79% 44,660 5,866 83.00%
Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 12,829 28.72%
2022 Mukhriz Mahathir (PEJUANG) Mohamed Fadzli Mohd Ali (PKR)
Othman Aziz (UMNO)
Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS)

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Kedah State Legislative Assembly

Kedah State Legislative Assembly

The Kedah State Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Kedah. It is a unicameral institution, consisting of a total of 36 lawmakers representing single-member constituencies throughout the state.

2013 Malaysian general election

2013 Malaysian general election

General elections were held in Malaysia on Sunday, 5 May 2013 to elect the members of the 13th Parliament. Voting took place in all 222 parliamentary constituencies, each electing one MP to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 505 state constituencies in 12 of the 13 states on the same day.

United Malays National Organisation

United Malays National Organisation

The United Malays National Organisation or less commonly PEKEMBAR), is a nationalist right-wing political party in Malaysia. As the oldest continuous national political party within Malaysia, UMNO has once been called Malaysia's "Grand Old Party".

Abdul Ghani Ahmad

Abdul Ghani Ahmad

Dr. Haji Abdul Ghani bin Ahmad is a Malaysian politician. He was twice the Member of the State Assembly of Kedah for the seat of Ayer Hitam, representing the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS). His two terms were from 1999 to 2004 and from 2008 to 2013 In the latter term he was a member of the Executive Council of Kedah responsible for Information and Entrepreneur Development.

2018 Malaysian general election

2018 Malaysian general election

The 2018 Malaysian General Election, formally known as the 14th Malaysian General Election, was held on Wednesday, 9 May 2018, for members of the 14th Parliament of Malaysia. At stake were all 222 seats in the Dewan Rakyat and 505 seats in 12 out of the 13 state legislative assemblies of Malaysia. The 13th Parliament of Malaysia was dissolved by Prime Minister Najib Razak on 7 April 2018. It would have been automatically dissolved on 24 June 2018, five years after the first meeting of the first session of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia on 24 June 2013.

Jitra (state constituency)

Jitra (state constituency)

Jitra is a state constituency in Kedah, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Kedah State Legislative Assembly.

Malaysian United Indigenous Party

Malaysian United Indigenous Party

The Malaysian United Indigenous Party, abbreviated BERSATU or PPBM, is a nationalist political party in Malaysia. The party was preceded by the United Indigenous Association of Malaysia. It is a major component party within the Perikatan Nasional coalition and the Barisan Nasional coalition, after the collapse of the Pakatan-led government. BERSATU was approved and fully registered on 14 January 2017 by the Registrar of Societies (ROS) and the use of the BERSATU logo was authorized by the Malaysian Election Commission (SPR). The party held the Prime Ministerial position as well as the majority of positions in the cabinet from May 2020 to August 2021. The party's founding members came from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and Barisan Nasional rebel group Gabungan Ketua Cawangan Malaysia in 2016.

Dewan Rakyat

Dewan Rakyat

The Dewan Rakyat is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament, the federal legislature of Malaysia. The chamber and its powers are established by Article 44 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Dewan Rakyat sits in the Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur, along with the Dewan Negara, the upper house.

2008 Malaysian general election

2008 Malaysian general election

A general election was held on Saturday, 8 March 2008 for members of the 12th Parliament of Malaysia. Voting took place in all 222 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 505 state constituencies in 12 out of 13 states on the same day.

Jerlun (federal constituency)

Jerlun (federal constituency)

Jerlun is a federal constituency in Kubang Pasu District, Kedah, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1995.

Othman Aziz

Othman Aziz

Dato' Othman bin Aziz is a Malaysian politician. He was the member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the seat of Jerlun, Kedah, from 5 May 2013 to 10 May 2018. He previously served one term in the Kedah State Legislative Assembly from 21 March 2004 to 8 March 2008) and was the chairman of the Kedah Tourism Action Council. He is a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in the previous ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition.

Honours

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Kedah

Kedah

Kedah, also known by its honorific Darul Aman and historically as Queda, is a state of Malaysia, located in the northwestern part of Peninsular Malaysia. The state covers a total area of over 9,000 km2, and it consists of the mainland and the Langkawi islands. The mainland has a relatively flat terrain, which is used to grow rice, while Langkawi is an archipelago, most of which are uninhabited islands.

Exalted Order of the Crown of Kedah

Exalted Order of the Crown of Kedah

The Exalted Order of the Crown of Kedah is an honorific order of the Sultanate of Kedah

Supreme Order of Sri Mahawangsa

Supreme Order of Sri Mahawangsa

The Most Esteemed Supreme Order of Sri Mahawangsa is an honorific order of the Sultanate of Kedah.

Kelantan

Kelantan

Kelantan is a state in Malaysia. The capital is Kota Bharu and royal seat is Kubang Kerian. The honorific name of the state is Darul Naim . Kelantan is located in the north-eastern corner of the peninsula. Kelantan, which is said to translate as the "Land of Lightning", is an agrarian state with green paddy fields, rustic fishing villages and casuarina-lined beaches. Kelantan is home to some of the most ancient archaeological discoveries in Malaysia, including several prehistoric aboriginal settlements.

Orders, decorations, and medals of Kelantan

Orders, decorations, and medals of Kelantan

The following is the orders, decorations, and medals given by Sultan of Kelantan. When applicable, post-nominal letters and non-hereditary titles are indicated.

Malacca

Malacca

Malacca is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca. Its capital is Malacca City, dubbed the Historic City, which has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008.

List of post-nominal letters (Malacca)

List of post-nominal letters (Malacca)

This is a list of post-nominal letters used in Malacca. The order in which they follow an individual's name is the same as the order of precedence for the wearing of order insignias, decorations, and medals. When applicable, non-hereditary titles are indicated.

Negeri Sembilan

Negeri Sembilan

Negeri Sembilan is a state in Malaysia which lies on the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It borders Selangor on the north, Pahang in the east, and Malacca and Johor to the south.

Orders, decorations, and medals of Negeri Sembilan

Orders, decorations, and medals of Negeri Sembilan

The following is the orders, decorations, and medals given by Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan. When applicable, post-nominal letters and non-hereditary titles are indicated.

Pahang

Pahang

Pahang officially Pahang Darul Makmur with the Arabic honorific Darul Makmur is a sultanate and a federal state of Malaysia. It is the third largest Malaysian state and the largest state in peninsular by area, and ninth largest by population. The state occupies the basin of the Pahang River, and a stretch of the east coast as far south as Endau. Geographically located in the East Coast region of the Peninsular Malaysia, the state shares borders with the Malaysian states of Kelantan and Terengganu to the north, Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan to the west, Johor to the south, while South China Sea is to the east. The Titiwangsa mountain range that forms a natural divider between the Peninsula's east and west coasts is spread along the north and south of the state, peaking at Mount Tahan, which is 2,187 metres (7,175 ft) high & the famous Kuantan 188 which is 188 metres (617 ft) high. Although two thirds of the state is covered by dense rain forest, its central plains are intersected by numerous rivers, and along the coast there is a 32-kilometre (20 mi) wide expanse of alluvial soil that includes the deltas and estuarine plains of the Kuantan, Pahang, Rompin, Endau, and Mersing rivers.

Orders, decorations, and medals of Pahang

Orders, decorations, and medals of Pahang

The following is a list of the orders, decorations, and medals given by the Sultan of Pahang, Malaysia. When applicable, post-nominal letters and non-hereditary titles are indicated.

Source: "Mukhriz Mahathir", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukhriz_Mahathir.

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References
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External links

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Government offices
Preceded by Chief Minister of Kedah
2013-2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Kedah
2018-2020
Succeeded by

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