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Mozal

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MOZAL, SARL
TypePrivate company
Industryaluminium
Founded1998; 25 years ago (1998)
HeadquartersMaputo, Mozambique
Productsaluminium products, aluminium alloys
RevenueIncrease $1.098 billion [1] (2021)
Increase $ 123 million [1] (2021)
Number of employees
993 [1] (2021)
ParentSouth32
Websitewww.south32.net

Mozal is an aluminium smelter joint project in Beluluane Industrial Park, Maputo, Mozambique.[2] The project is a smelting facility that began operations as a producer of aluminium exclusively for export. The smelter is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of the city of Maputo in the south of the country.

Mozal was a joint venture between BHP Billiton (47.1 percent), Mitsubishi Corporation (25 percent), Industrial Development Corp. of South Africa (24 percent), and the Government of Mozambique (3.9 percent).[3]


The project began life in 1998 as part of a recovery programme led by the Mozambican government’s active desire for foreign investment to help rebuild the nation after the country’s civil war in the early 1990s.[4] The Mozal smelter was officially opened in September 2000. It was the first major foreign investment in Mozambique and is the biggest private-sector project in the country.

Originally commissioned as a 250 ktpa (250,000 ton per annum) smelter, Mozal was followed by an extension (Mozal II) in 2003-04, and it is now the largest aluminium producer in Mozambique and the second-largest in Africa having a total annual production of around 580,000 tons. It is responsible for 30 percent of the country’s official exports and also uses 45 percent of the electricity produced in Mozambique.[5]

In February 2013, Mozal signed an agreement under which it will supply 50,000 tonnes of aluminium to Midal, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of aluminium cables. Midal is to set up a factory in Mozambique and use aluminium ingots produced at the Mozal smelter as its raw material. This is the first time that aluminium produced by Mozal will be used in Mozambique, as up until this agreement, Mozal exclusively exported its aluminium.[6]

BHP Billiton holdings were demerged into South32.[7] South32 currently owns 63.7%, Mitsubishi Corporation (through MCA Metals Holding GmbH), the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa Limited and the Government of the Republic of Mozambique share the remaining ownership interest. [8]

Discover more about Mozal related topics

Aluminium smelting

Aluminium smelting

Aluminium smelting is the process of extracting aluminium from its oxide, alumina, generally by the Hall-Héroult process. Alumina is extracted from the ore bauxite by means of the Bayer process at an alumina refinery.

Mozambique

Mozambique

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country located in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini and South Africa to the southwest. The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros, Mayotte and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo.

Aluminium

Aluminium

Aluminium is a chemical element with the symbol Al and atomic number 13. Aluminium has a density lower than those of other common metals, at approximately one third that of steel. It has a great affinity towards oxygen, and forms a protective layer of oxide on the surface when exposed to air. Aluminium visually resembles silver, both in its color and in its great ability to reflect light. It is soft, non-magnetic and ductile. It has one stable isotope, 27Al; this isotope is very common, making aluminium the twelfth most common element in the Universe. The radioactivity of 26Al is used in radiodating.

Maputo

Maputo

Maputo, formerly named Lourenço Marques until 1976, is the capital, and largest city of Mozambique. Located near the southern end of the country, it is within 120 kilometres of the borders with Eswatini and South Africa. The city has a population of 1,088,449 distributed over a land area of 347.69 km2 (134.24 sq mi). The Maputo metropolitan area includes the neighbouring city of Matola, and has a total population of 2,717,437. Maputo is a port city, with an economy centered on commerce. It is also noted for its vibrant cultural scene and distinctive, eclectic architecture.

BHP

BHP

BHP Group Limited is an Australian multinational mining, metals, natural gas petroleum public company that is headquartered in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Mitsubishi Corporation

Mitsubishi Corporation

Mitsubishi Corporation is Japan's largest trading company and a member of the Mitsubishi keiretsu. As of 2022, Mitsubishi Corporation employs over 80,000 people and has ten business segments, including finance, banking, energy, machinery, chemicals, and food.

Mozambican Civil War

Mozambican Civil War

The Mozambican Civil War was a civil war fought in Mozambique from 1977 to 1992. Like many regional African conflicts during the late twentieth century, the Mozambican Civil War possessed local dynamics but was also exacerbated greatly by the polarizing effects of Cold War politics. The war was fought between Mozambique's ruling Marxist Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO), the anti-communist insurgent forces of the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), and a number of smaller factions such as the PRM, UNAMO, COREMO, UNIPOMO, and FUMO.

Africa

Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.4 billion people as of 2021, it accounts for about 18% of the world's human population. Africa's population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Despite a wide range of natural resources, Africa is the least wealthy continent per capita and second-least wealthy by total wealth, behind Oceania. Scholars have attributed this to different factors including geography, climate, tribalism, colonialism, the Cold War, neocolonialism, lack of democracy, and corruption. Despite this low concentration of wealth, recent economic expansion and the large and young population make Africa an important economic market in the broader global context.

South32

South32

South32 is a mining and metals company headquartered in Perth, Western Australia. It was spun out of BHP Billiton on 18 May 2015. It is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange with secondary listings on the Johannesburg and London Stock Exchanges.

Source: "Mozal", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 27th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozal.

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References
  1. ^ a b c "Top 100 Companies in Mozambique" (PDF). KPMG. KPMG Moçambique. Retrieved 2023-01-26.
  2. ^ Mozal Overview, Mozambique: Mozal, 2008, archived from the original on April 30, 2008{{citation}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ Aluminium and Nickel, BHP Billiton
  4. ^ Aluminium Business and Regional Development, Japan: Mitsubishi Corporation, 2012
  5. ^ Tran, Mark (8 January 2013), written at London, "Mozambique smelting profits should not fill foreign coffers, say campaigners", The Guardian, England
  6. ^ Mozal aluminium to be used in Mozambican industry, Africa: AllAfrica, 2013
  7. ^ "Demerger". BHP. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
  8. ^ "Ownership 2023". South32. Retrieved 2023-01-23.
External links

Coordinates: 25°54′55″S 32°24′47″E / 25.91528°S 32.41306°E / -25.91528; 32.41306

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