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Memories of My Body

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Memories of My Body
Adult Juno at a blue truck. Four backgrounds were used: a brown ground, a sunset, a forest, and a low shot of a road. Title is placed below.
Indonesian theatrical release poster
IndonesianKucumbu Tubuh Indahku
Directed byGarin Nugroho
Screenplay byGarin Nugroho
Produced byIfa Isfansyah
StarringMuhammad Khan
Sujiwo Tejo
Teuku Rifnu Wikana
Randy Pangalila
Endah Laras
CinematographyGay Hian Teoh
Music byMondo Gascaro
Production
companies
Fourcolors Films
Go-Studio
Distributed byAsian Shadows
Release dates
  • 6 September 2018 (2018-09-06) (Venice)
  • 16 February 2019 (2019-02-16) (Indonesia (uncut version))
  • 18 April 2019 (2019-04-18) (Indonesia (cut version))
Running time
107 minutes
CountryIndonesia
LanguageJavanese

Memories of My Body (Indonesian: Kucumbu Tubuh Indahku) is a 2018 Indonesian Javanese-language coming-of-age drama film directed by Garin Nugroho and produced by Ifa Isfansyah. The film tells the story of a dancer in the Lengger tradition, revolving around his introduction to it and finding his self-identity. The plot is loosely based on dancer Rianto's life; Rianto also stars in the film. The ensemble cast is Muhammad Khan, Sujiwo Tejo, Teuku Rifnu Wikana, Randy Pangalila, and Endah Laras.

It premiered internationally before in Indonesia. During its theatrical release, the film's team experienced obstacles from the general public such as two Change.org petitions wanting the film to be cancelled due to a perception that the film promoted morals inconsistent with Indonesia's common culture, namely LGBT elements, which became the reason of positive reviews by critics and portions of the general public. The film was banned in Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Depok, Garut, Pontianak, and Kubu Raya. Nugroho took offence to the controversy. The film was the Indonesian entry for the Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards.

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Javanese language

Javanese language

Javanese is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, Indonesia. There are also pockets of Javanese speakers on the northern coast of western Java. It is the native language of more than 98 million people.

Coming-of-age story

Coming-of-age story

In genre studies, a coming-of-age story is a genre of literature, theatre, film, and video game that focuses on the growth of a protagonist from childhood to adulthood, or "coming of age". Coming-of-age stories tend to emphasize dialogue or internal monologue over action, and are often set in the past. The subjects of coming-of-age stories are typically teenagers. The Bildungsroman is a specific subgenre of coming-of-age story.

Garin Nugroho

Garin Nugroho

Garin Nugroho Riyanto is an Indonesian film director.

Ifa Isfansyah

Ifa Isfansyah

Ifa Isfansyah is an Indonesian film director. Initially a maker of short films, his first featured film, Garuda di Dadaku, was released in 2009. His following film, Sang Penari, won four Citra Awards at the 2011 Indonesian Film Festival.

Ensemble cast

Ensemble cast

In a dramatic production, an ensemble cast is one which is composed of multiple principal actors and performers who are typically assigned roughly equal amounts of screen time.

Change.org

Change.org

Change.org is a worldwide nonprofit petition website, based in California, US, operated by the San Francisco-based company of the same name, which has over 400 million users and offers the public the ability to promote the petitions they care about to potential signers, including 196 countries which are "creating change" in their communities. Designed to raise awareness within communities to influence "decision-makers" at the highest levels of governments, leading organizations use the website to advance their causes and mobilize supporters. Businesses also use the platform to engage with their constituents and consumers. In terms of media, the organization's mission is to source powerful stories and cover campaigns hundreds of times a day.

LGBT

LGBT

LGBT is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an umbrella term for sexuality and gender identity.

Depok

Depok

Depok is a landlocked city in West Java province, and located within Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. It has an area of 200.29 km2. It had a population of 1,738,600 at the 2010 Census and 2,056,400 at the 2020 Census, resulting in a density of 10,267 people per km2. Depok was declared as a separate city on 20 April 1999, having previously been part of Bogor Regency.

Garut

Garut

Garut is a district and town in West Java of Indonesia, and the former capital of Garut Regency. It is located about 75 km to the southeast of the major city of Bandung.

Kubu Raya Regency

Kubu Raya Regency

Kubu Raya Regency or Great Kubu Regency is a regency of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. It was created in 2007 from the (larger) central and southern part of Pontianak Regency. It covers an area of 6,985.24 km2, and it had a population of 500,970 at the 2010 Census and 609,392 at the 2020 Census. The principal town lies at Sungai Raya, directly adjacent to the City of Pontianak. Despite its close location to Pontianak, the regional capital and economic centre of the West Kalimantan Province, it highly lacks sufficient infrastructure development, which causes general suspicions on the performance of its local government.

Academy Award for Best International Feature Film

Academy Award for Best International Feature Film

The Academy Award for Best International Feature Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States with a predominantly non-English dialogue track.

92nd Academy Awards

92nd Academy Awards

The 92nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored films released in 2019 and took place on February 9, 2020, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, beginning at 5:00 p.m. PST / 8:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Stephanie Allain and Lynette Howell Taylor and was directed by Glenn Weiss. Three months earlier in a ceremony at the Ray Dolby Ballroom of the Hollywood & Highland Center in Hollywood held on October 27, 2019, the Academy held its 11th Annual Governors Awards ceremony.

Plot

In Memories of My Body, the main character, Juno, is derived from Arjuna
In Memories of My Body, the main character, Juno, is derived from Arjuna

Context

Memories of My Body's main character's name, Wahyu Arjuno, is derived from the name Arjuna, the strong, divine protagonist of the epic poetry Māhabhārata.[1] Wahyu, nicknamed Juno, lives in a village in Banyumas Regency, where a person's body is regarded as the archive of their life, carrying education, emotion, and trauma as they go on with their life. The regional lengger dance, which involves men cross-dressing, is derived from "leng", meaning "hole" (a reference to the vagina), and "ger", meaning "comb" (a reference to the penis); thus, the word highlights the masculinity and femininity within humans.

Summary

In the 1980s, young Juno's father leaves him inexplicably. Out of admiration, he begins learning lengger from a dance teacher, also beginning his sexual exploration at this point. He witnesses the teacher implementing vigilantism upon student Jok for having sex with his wife. Upon his father's request, Juno's aunt Atmo takes him. She learns that he can detect chickens' fertility by inserting his finger into the genitals, much to her vexation. He is punished by a teacher for spreading odor, and is asked to write an apology with a chalk in his mouth, to which he writes "MOM."[note 1] A dance teacher rescues and teaches him lengger. Noticing that Juno wants to touch her cleavage, missing his mother, she allows him, and the villagers take her to police, citing pedophilia. Overwhelmed, Atmo gives Juno to his uncle.

As a young adult, Juno works for his clothing store, able to measure a person's body with his senses. One day, a boxer orders a traditional wedding costume. He requests that Juno demonstrate how to wear it. When the man accidentally bleeds his chest with a safety pin, he sucks it, and Juno realizes he is gay. As the eldest of a plethora of siblings, the man never gets to spend time with himself or cuddle with his mother, exacerbated by poverty. In a fit of closeness, they kiss. The man loses a boxing match, thus not being able to garner money for his wedding and the boss of a controlling enemy, whose fixer separates him and Juno. The next day, Juno's uncle reveals that his father left due to trauma upon a river nearby his house, where his family was slaughtered out of accusation that he was involved in the Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66. Juno's uncle then dies, and Juno moves to Jati village to be costume designer of a lengger group.

Anticipating the election, a regent candidate is advised by shaman Pesisiran to methodically find a mate that will spiritually allow him to win. Juno is the one, but he riskily rejects the instruction. A warok blocks his plan to reconcile with the regent (who is furious that the reog group cancelled further political dances) by choosing Juno as his gemblak (male lover), noticing a close connection; Juno accepts. After seeing a dance where the warok bleeds a man with a sickle, Juno has a meltdown; his warok comforts him. The regent's wife hires fixers to kick Juno and the lengger group out of the village, worrying that a scandalous photo of the regent and Juno holding hands may cause the majority, homophobic villagers to not vote for him. A woman in her house confronts the wife for abuse of power, saying that she will be lonely. The group absconds before the fixers arrive. Juno hitchhikes and smiles, now out of the closet.

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Arjuna

Arjuna

Arjuna, also known as Partha and Dhananjaya, is a character in several ancient Hindu texts, and specifically one of the major characters of the Indian epic Mahabharata. In the epic, he is the third among Pandavas, the five sons of Pandu. The family formed part of the royal line of the Kuru Kingdom. In the Mahabharata War, Arjuna was a key warrior from the Pandava side and slew many warriors including Karna and Bhisma. Before the beginning of the war, his mentor, Krishna, gave him the supreme knowledge of Bhagavad Gita to overcome his moral dilemmas.

Epic poetry

Epic poetry

An epic poem, or simply an epic, is a lengthy narrative poem typically about the extraordinary deeds of extraordinary characters who, in dealings with gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the mortal universe for their descendants.

Mahabharata

Mahabharata

The Mahābhārata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India and in Hinduism, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa. It narrates the struggle between two groups of cousins in the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pāṇḍava princes and their successors.

Banyumas Regency

Banyumas Regency

Banyumas Regency is a regency in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is the town of Purwokerto, but that town no longer has a central administration and is split over four of the districts within the Regency, with a combined population of 230,235 as at mid 2021. The Regency covers an area of 1,327.59 km2, and had a population of 1,554,527 at the 2010 Census and 1,776,918 at the 2020 Census; the official estimate of population as at mid 2021 was 1,789,630.

Lengger

Lengger

Lengger is a traditional Javanese dance originating from Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. This dance is played in pairs, between a man and a woman. Lengger dance is one of the sacred dances in Java.

Comb (anatomy)

Comb (anatomy)

A comb is a fleshy growth or crest on the top of the head of gallinaceous birds, such as turkeys, pheasants, and domestic chickens. Its alternative name cockscomb reflects that combs are generally larger on males than on females. There can be several fleshy protuberances on the heads and throats of gallinaceous birds, i.e. the comb, wattle, and earlobe, which collectively are called caruncles, however, in turkeys caruncle refers specifically to the fleshy nodules on the head and throat.

Human penis

Human penis

The human penis is an external male intromittent organ that additionally serves as the urinary duct. The main parts are the root (radix); the body (corpus); and the epithelium of the penis including the shaft skin and the foreskin (prepuce) covering the glans penis. The body of the penis is made up of three columns of tissue: two corpora cavernosa on the dorsal side and corpus spongiosum between them on the ventral side. The human male urethra passes through the prostate gland, where it is joined by the ejaculatory duct, and then through the penis. The urethra traverses the corpus spongiosum, and its opening, the meatus, lies on the tip of the glans penis. It is a passage both for urination and ejaculation of semen

Fertility

Fertility

Fertility is the capability to produce offspring through reproduction following the onset of sexual maturity. The fertility rate is the average number of children born by a female during her lifetime and is quantified demographically. Fertility is addressed when there is a difficulty or an inability to reproduce naturally, which is referred to as infertility. Infertility is widespread, with fertility specialists available all over the world to assist mothers and couples who experience difficulties having a baby.

Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66

Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66

The Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66, also known as the Indonesian genocide, Indonesian Communist Purge, or Indonesian politicide, were large-scale killings and civil unrest primarily targeting members of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI). Other affected groups included communist sympathisers, Gerwani women, ethnic Javanese Abangan, ethnic Chinese, atheists, alleged "unbelievers" and alleged leftists. It is estimated that between 500,000 to 1,000,000 people were killed during the main period of violence from October 1965 to March 1966. The atrocities were instigated by the Indonesian Army under Suharto. Research and declassified documents demonstrate the Indonesian authorities received support from foreign countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom.

Reog

Reog

Reog or Réyog is a traditional Indonesian dance in an open arena that serves as folk entertainment, contains magical elements, the main dancer is a lion-headed person with a peacock feather decoration, plus several masked dancers and Kuda Lumping. Reog is one of the performing arts from the northwestern region of East Java and Ponorogo is the region where Reog originated. The city gate of Ponorogo is decorated with warok and gemblak, two characters who were present at the time when Reog is performed. Reog is one of Indonesia culture that is still very strong with mystical elements and mysticism.

Gemblak

Gemblak

Gemblak among the people of East Java means a "boy lover", a young boy who is kept by an older man either during a period of sexual abstinence or even during heterosexual marriage. Neither warok nor gemblak identified as homosexual.

Hitchhiking

Hitchhiking

Hitchhiking is a means of transportation that is gained by asking individuals, usually strangers, for a ride in their car or other vehicle. The ride is usually, but not always, free.

Cast

  • Muhammad Khan as Juno
    • Raditya Evandra as little Juno
  • Rianto as The Dancer
  • Sujiwo Tejo as the Lengger instructor
  • Teuku Rifnu Wikana as the regent
  • Randy Pangalila as the boxer
  • Whani Dharmawan as the warok
  • Endah Laras as Juno's aunt
  • Dwi Windarti as the dance teacher

Production

"Rianto―I think―because of he's from the village, and he is study in art school, also he stay in Japan [...] is mean you can see the ordinary village person, but he also have experien[ce] in the global world [...] [So] everything become natural [...] And it has become wonderful."

―Garin Nugroho, when asked in the IFFR about casting Rianto[2]

Memories of My Body is the 19th film made by Garin Nugroho.[3] Pre-production took two months, principal photography took two weeks, and post-production took another two months. Nugroho claims the film is his fastest film to be produced.[4] He also said that part of the script is loosely based on the life of Rianto, a dancer native to Banyumas who now stays in Japan.[5] Nugroho has known Rianto since 2015 and has worked with him to make a short film called Mangir based on a fable of the same name by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, a writer known for his historic novel This Earth of Mankind. They also worked together in making a choreography titled "Medium." As their friendship goes on, Nugroho gets a full picture of Rianto's life and decided to make the film. Despite that, the film is not fully inspired by him; some elements are based on Nugroho's life. When told about the film, Rianto is reported to be surprised; he then enters the project. Rianto also became the choreographer for several cast members, including Muhammad Khan. Nugroho also stayed in the same room with Rianto throughout principal photography; they chatted about Khan's role every night.[6]

Translating the title Kucumbu Tubuh Indahku (lit. I Make Out with My Beautiful Body) to English took a considerably long time, as there are many challenges in translating such a poetic title to an understandable English title. Producer Ifa Isfansyah had 10 titles to choose from; one of them was Through the Hole (Indonesian: Lewat Lubang). Eventually, they settled with Memories of My Body (Indonesian: Ingatan-ingatan Akan Tubuhku).[7]

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International Film Festival Rotterdam

International Film Festival Rotterdam

The International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) is an annual film festival held at the end of January in various locations in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Since its foundation in 1972, it has maintained a focus on independent and experimental filmmaking by showcasing emerging talents and established auteurs. The festival also places a focus on presenting cutting edge media art and arthouse film, with most of the participants in the short film program identified as artists or experimental filmmakers. IFFR also hosts CineMart and BoostNL, for film producers to seek funding. The IFFR logo is a stylized image of a tiger that is loosely based on Leo, the lion in the MGM logo.

Garin Nugroho

Garin Nugroho

Garin Nugroho Riyanto is an Indonesian film director.

Pre-production

Pre-production

Pre-production is the process of planning some of the elements involved in a film, television show, play, or other performance, as distinct from production and post-production. Pre-production ends when the planning ends and the content starts being produced.

Principal photography

Principal photography

Principal photography is the phase of producing a film or television show in which the bulk of shooting takes place, as distinct from the phases of pre-production and post-production.

Post-production

Post-production

Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, audio production, and photography. Post-production includes all stages of production occurring after principal photography or recording individual program segments.

Banyumas Regency

Banyumas Regency

Banyumas Regency is a regency in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is the town of Purwokerto, but that town no longer has a central administration and is split over four of the districts within the Regency, with a combined population of 230,235 as at mid 2021. The Regency covers an area of 1,327.59 km2, and had a population of 1,554,527 at the 2010 Census and 1,776,918 at the 2020 Census; the official estimate of population as at mid 2021 was 1,789,630.

Japan

Japan

Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, while extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, and Taiwan in the south. Japan is a part of the Ring of Fire, and spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Fable

Fable

Fable is a literary genre: a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized, and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson, which may at the end be added explicitly as a concise maxim or saying.

Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Pramoedya Ananta Toer was an Indonesian author of novels, short stories, essays, polemics and histories of his homeland and its people. His works span the colonial period under Dutch rule, Indonesia's struggle for independence, its occupation by Japan during the Second World War, as well as the post-colonial authoritarian regimes of Sukarno and Suharto, and are infused with personal and national history.

Novel

Novel

A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, typically written in prose and published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian: novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin: novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Some novelists, including Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Ann Radcliffe, John Cowper Powys, preferred the term "romance" to describe their novels.

Choreography

Choreography

Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies in which motion or form or both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself. A choreographer is one who creates choreographies by practising the art of choreography, a process known as choreographing. It most commonly refers to dance choreography.

Ifa Isfansyah

Ifa Isfansyah

Ifa Isfansyah is an Indonesian film director. Initially a maker of short films, his first featured film, Garuda di Dadaku, was released in 2009. His following film, Sang Penari, won four Citra Awards at the 2011 Indonesian Film Festival.

Themes

According to CNN Indonesia, Memories of My Body reflects the diverse Indonesian society who are difficult to accept differences, whose xenophobic opposition bedevils the target, causing hardships in life. The main character has a different gender identity and lives in a passive society, which later leads to difficulty in communicating, as it noted. When he decides to express his feelings through dancing in a local tribe, it yet fails to slap society with understanding. Due to its perceived realism, CNN Indonesia later looked down upon La La Land, a film said to be set in an over-utopian society.[8]

The film was also said to be a criticism of egotistical politicians. When observing reality, there are indeed traces of minority groups being oppressed when seeking equal rights balancing with the majority. In Indonesia, various cultures have been disowned as they were observed as "communistic, occult, or rebellious towards religion."[8]

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CNN Indonesia

CNN Indonesia

CNN Indonesia is a 24-hour Indonesian free-to-air television news channel owned by Trans Media in collaboration with Warner Bros. Discovery under CNN license. Broadcasting from Trans Media Studio in South Jakarta, the local franchise presents national and international content, focusing on general news, business, sports and technology.

Gender identity

Gender identity

Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender. Gender identity can correlate with a person's assigned sex or can differ from it. In most individuals, the various biological determinants of sex are congruent, and consistent with the individual's gender identity. Gender expression typically reflects a person's gender identity, but this is not always the case. While a person may express behaviors, attitudes, and appearances consistent with a particular gender role, such expression may not necessarily reflect their gender identity. The term gender identity was coined by psychiatry professor Robert J. Stoller in 1964 and popularized by psychologist John Money.

La La Land

La La Land

La La Land is a 2016 American romantic musical comedy-drama film written and directed by Damien Chazelle. It stars Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone as a struggling jazz pianist and an aspiring actress, respectively, who meet and fall in love while pursuing their dreams in Los Angeles. John Legend, Rosemarie DeWitt, Finn Wittrock, and J. K. Simmons appear in supporting roles.

Utopia

Utopia

A utopia typically describes an imaginary community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its members. It was coined by Sir Thomas More for his 1516 book Utopia, describing a fictional island society in the New World. However, it may also denote an intentional community. In common parlance, the word or its adjectival form may be used synonymously with "impossible", "far-fetched" or "deluded".

Communism

Communism

Communism is a far-left sociopolitical, philosophical, and economic ideology and current within the socialist movement whose goal is the establishment of a communist society, a socioeconomic order centered around common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange which allocates products to everyone in the society. Communist society also involves the absence of private property, social classes, money, and the state. Communists often seek a voluntary state of self-governance, but disagree on the means to this end. This reflects a distinction between a more libertarian approach of communization, revolutionary spontaneity, and workers' self-management, and a more vanguardist or communist party-driven approach through the development of a constitutional socialist state followed by the withering away of the state.

Occult

Occult

The occult, in the broadest sense, is a category of esoteric supernatural beliefs and practices which generally fall outside the scope of religion and science, encompassing phenomena involving otherworldly agency, such as magic and mysticism and their varied spells. It can also refer to supernatural ideas like extra-sensory perception and parapsychology.

Release

Memories of my Body premiered at the 75th Venice International Film Festival in 2018;[9] Other international screenings include the 2018 Three Continents Festival in Nantes, France, as well as Teatro Farnese in Rome, Italy, from 23 to 26 May 2019; the screening in Rome was part of the 70th anniversary celebration of Indonesia's diplomatic relationship with Italy.[10] It also screened at the Holland Festival from 11 to 12 June 2018,[11] as well as the nearby IFFR in 2019.[12] Other festivals screening the film included the Busan International,[13] Hong Kong Lesbian & Gay,[14] Göteborg,[15] Guadalajara International,[16] Vilnius International,[17] Locarno,[18] Frameline,[19] Singapore International,[20] and Tel Aviv International LGBT Film Festival.[21] It also screened at the Oldham Theater, Singapore, on 10 January 2020.[16]

Locally in Indonesia, the film premiered at the 2018 Jogja-NETPAC Asian Film Festival on 13 December.[22] It was then theatrically released on 18 April 2019 along with two other Indonesian films, Pocong the Origin and Rumput Tetangga, after a one-month delay in release schedules.[23][24] Due to its taboo topic, the film was only screened in 40 theaters in Indonesia, with each theater playing it between one to three times a day.[25] Film Indonesia recorded that the film got 8,082 unique viewers in just a week.[26]

There were two versions of the film distributed by the Indonesian Film Censorship Board (LSF). The first version is an edited version of it that is rated 17+ and passed censor on 13 December 2018.[27] The second version in unedited one rated 21+ that passed censor on 23 January 2019;[27] nowhere but at the Plaza Indonesia Film Festival on 16 February is the unedited version screened.[28] The head of the LSF, Ahmad Yani Basuki, had personal considerations that allowed the film to be qualified for release, and he refused to believe that the LSF's article on the film may indirectly promote LGBT. Ahmad stated that the film contains morals that can be taught for a mature individual; he sees the depiction of the masculine character cross-dressing and acting feminine tolerable by the general public. Adrian Jonathan Pasaribu of publication Cinema Poetica says that the film is worthy of screening all across Indonesia, reminding the public that the LSF is not responsible for territorial screenings. Adrian says that there are no elements of the film that could convert youth to LGBT.[29]

The film does not screen in typical theatres initially but in film festivals instead, because it does not prioritize money and the box office. Ifa says that the film might not be regularly released due to the general public's inability to prioritize a film's art instead of its elements. The film needed to be screened at a large festival; thus, it was released at the Venice International Film Festival.[30]

From 12 to 17 December 2019, Memories of My Body rescreened itself in three CGV Cinema theaters in Jakarta.[31]

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75th Venice International Film Festival

75th Venice International Film Festival

The 75th Venice International Film Festival was held from 29 August to 8 September 2018. Mexican film director Guillermo del Toro was named as the President of the Jury. First Man, directed by Damien Chazelle, was selected to open the festival. Guillermo del Toro was named as the Jury President for the main competition section, with Michele Riondino hosting the festival.

Nantes

Nantes

Nantes is a city in Loire-Atlantique on the Loire, 50 km (31 mi) from the Atlantic coast. The city is the sixth largest in France, with a population of 314,138 in Nantes proper and a metropolitan area of nearly 1 million inhabitants (2018). With Saint-Nazaire, a seaport on the Loire estuary, Nantes forms one of the main north-western French metropolitan agglomerations.

France

France

France, officially the French Republic, is a transcontinental country predominantly located in Western Europe and spanning overseas regions and territories in the Americas and the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Its metropolitan area extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea; overseas territories include French Guiana in South America, Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the North Atlantic, the French West Indies, and many islands in Oceania and the Indian Ocean. Due to its several coastal territories, France has the largest exclusive economic zone in the world. France borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Andorra, and Spain in continental Europe, as well as the Netherlands, Suriname, and Brazil in the Americas via its overseas territories in French Guiana and Saint Martin. Its eighteen integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) and contain close to 68 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre; other major urban areas include Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, Bordeaux, and Nice.

Rome

Rome

Rome is the capital city of Italy. It is also the capital of the Lazio region, the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, and a special comune named Comune di Roma Capitale. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), Rome is the country's most populated comune and the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome, with a population of 4,355,725 residents, is the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Its metropolitan area is the third-most populous within Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city. Rome is often referred to as the City of Seven Hills due to its geographic location, and also as the "Eternal City". Rome is generally considered to be the "cradle of Western civilization and Christian culture", and the centre of the Catholic Church.

Italy

Italy

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, in Southern Europe; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region. Italy is also considered part of Western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital and largest city, the country covers a total area of 301,230 km2 (116,310 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland, Campione. With over 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.

Holland Festival

Holland Festival

The Holland Festival is the oldest and largest performing arts festival in the Netherlands. It takes place every June in Amsterdam. It comprises theatre, music, opera and modern dance. In recent years, multimedia, visual arts, film and architecture were added to the festival roster.

Busan International Film Festival

Busan International Film Festival

The Busan International Film Festival, held annually in Haeundae-gu, Busan, South Korea, is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia. The first festival, held from 13 to 21 September 1996, was also the first international film festival in Korea. The main focus of the BIFF is to introduce new films and first-time directors, especially those from Asian countries. Another notable feature is the appeal of the festival to young people, both in terms of the large youthful audience it attracts and through its efforts to develop and promote young talent. In 1999, the Pusan Promotion Plan was established to connect new directors to funding sources. The 16th BIFF in 2011 saw the festival move to a new permanent home, the Busan Cinema Center in Centum City.

Hong Kong Lesbian & Gay Film Festival

Hong Kong Lesbian & Gay Film Festival

The Hong Kong Lesbian & Gay Film Festival is an annual LGBT-focused film festival, held each September in Hong Kong. It is reputedly the oldest LGBT film festival in Asia, having been founded in 1989.

Guadalajara International Film Festival

Guadalajara International Film Festival

The Guadalajara International Film Festival is a week-long film festival held each March in the Mexican city of Guadalajara since 1986.

Frameline Film Festival

Frameline Film Festival

The Frameline Film Festival began as a storefront event in 1976. The first film festival, named the Gay Film Festival of Super-8 Films, was held in 1977. The festival is organized by Frameline, a nonprofit media arts organization whose mission statement is "to change the world through the power of queer cinema". It is the oldest LGBTQ+ film festival in the world.

Singapore International Film Festival

Singapore International Film Festival

The Singapore International Film Festival (SGIFF) is the longest-running film festival in Singapore. Founded in 1987, the festival has a focus on showcasing international films and providing a global platform for the best of Singapore and Southeast Asian cinema. Over the decades, it has grown to become an important event in the Singapore arts calendar.

LGBT

LGBT

LGBT is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an umbrella term for sexuality and gender identity.

Critical response

Rianto (left), the inspiration for the film, says that the film by Garin Nugroho (right) is for and about "all the Riantos in Indonesia."[32]
Rianto (left), the inspiration for the film, says that the film by Garin Nugroho (right) is for and about "all the Riantos in Indonesia."[32]
Rianto (left), the inspiration for the film, says that the film by Garin Nugroho (right) is for and about "all the Riantos in Indonesia."[32]

The film received positive response by the general public and the media. Other than regarding its LGBT elements, it is also praised for its historical references to the 1980s. Endro Priherdityo of CNN Indonesia praised Nugroho in his efforts to tell a wider story than just a casual dancer but also discrimination towards a culture, also marking it as Nugroho's best film.[8] Media Indonesia also praised him for bringing light to the issue of gender discrimination.[33] The IFDC praised it for glorifying and encouraging freedom of speech in such taboo topic.[34] A writer of The Jakarta Post noted it as one of the best films made after the New Order.[35] A German critic called Memories of My Body "an alienating-looking artificiality."[36] Another critic, after watching the film in Venice, wrote that Nugroho "takes a path in full line with this artistic syncretism, adding cinema as a meta-artistic structure that encompasses all the arts." In the film, according to them, "sexuality is intertwined with art, with the infinite possibility of the arts."[37] Other than calling it a "striking poetic imagery out of the socially and sexually conscious material and strikes a delicate balance between his trademark aesthetics," The Hollywood Reporter wrote:[1]

While the pic thrives on its socially charged script and its cast's nuanced performances — especially Evandra's depiction of the protagonist as a confused boy and Khan's turn as the older Juno — Nugroho also benefits from Teoh Gay Hian's emotive camerawork and the period details of Ong Hari Wahyu's production design. At once evoking the gritty realities of agrarian Indonesia while also celebrating the richness of its folk culture, Memories of My Body offers a complex picture of the conflicting social and historical traumas concealed within the bodies and minds of marginalized, oppressed social groups in a nominally secular country.

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Media Indonesia

Media Indonesia

Media Indonesia is an Indonesian daily newspaper published in Jakarta. Reports say Media Indonesia is the second largest newspaper in Indonesia after the Kompas daily. Media Indonesia's market share was growing from one percent to 18 percent in 2003.

Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or legal sanction. The right to freedom of expression has been recognised as a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international human rights law by the United Nations. Many countries have constitutional law that protects free speech. Terms like free speech, freedom of speech, and freedom of expression are used interchangeably in political discourse. However, in a legal sense, the freedom of expression includes any activity of seeking, receiving, and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used.

The Jakarta Post

The Jakarta Post

The Jakarta Post is a daily English-language newspaper in Indonesia. The paper is owned by PT Niskala Media Tenggara and based in the nation's capital, Jakarta.

New Order (Indonesia)

New Order (Indonesia)

The New Order is the term coined by the second Indonesian President Suharto to characterise his administration as he came to power in 1966 until his resignation in 1998. Suharto used this term to contrast his presidency with that of his predecessor Sukarno.

Syncretism

Syncretism

Syncretism is the practice of combining different beliefs and various schools of thought. Syncretism involves the merging or assimilation of several originally discrete traditions, especially in the theology and mythology of religion, thus asserting an underlying unity and allowing for an inclusive approach to other faiths. Syncretism also occurs commonly in expressions of art and culture, known as eclecticism, as well as in politics, known as syncretic politics.

The Hollywood Reporter

The Hollywood Reporter

The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is an American digital and print magazine which focuses on the Hollywood film, television, and entertainment industries. It was founded in 1930 as a daily trade paper, and in 2010 switched to a weekly large-format print magazine with a revamped website. As of 2020, the day-to-day operations of the company are handled by Penske Media Corporation through a joint venture with Eldridge Industries.

Screenplay

Screenplay

A screenplay, or script, is a written work by screenwriters for a film, television show, or video game. A screenplay written for television is also known as a teleplay. Screenplays can be original works or adaptations from existing pieces of writing. A screenplay is a form of narration in which the movements, actions, expressions and dialogue of the characters are described in a certain format. Visual or cinematographic cues may be given, as well as scene descriptions and scene changes.

Production designer

Production designer

In film and television, the production designer is the individual responsible for the overall aesthetic of the story. The production design gives the viewers a sense of the time period, the plot location, and character actions and feelings. Working directly with the director, cinematographer, and producer, production designers have a key creative role in the creation of motion pictures and television. The term production designer was coined by William Cameron Menzies while he was working on the film Gone with the Wind. Production designers are commonly confused with art directors as the roles have similar responsibilities. Production designers decide the visual concept and deal with the many and varied logistics of filmmaking including, schedules, budgets, and staffing. Art directors manage the process of making the visuals, which is done by concept artists, graphic designers, set designers, costume designers, lighting designers, etc. The production designer and the art director lead a team of individuals to assist with the visual component of the film. Depending on the size of the production the rest of the team can include set decorators, buyers, dressers, runners, graphic designers, drafts people, props makers, and set builders.

Agrarianism

Agrarianism

Agrarianism is a political and social philosophy that has promoted subsistence agriculture, smallholdings, and egalitarianism, with agrarian political parties normally supporting the rights and sustainability of small farmers and poor peasants against the wealthy in society. In highly developed and industrial nations or regions, it can denote use of financial and social incentives for self-sustainability, more community involvement in food production and smart growth that avoids urban sprawl, and also what many of its advocates contend are risks of human overpopulation; when overpopulation occurs, the available resources become too limited for the entire population to survive comfortably or at all in the long term.

Folklore of Indonesia

Folklore of Indonesia

Folklore of Indonesia is known in Indonesian as dongeng, cerita rakyat or folklor, refer to any folklore found in Indonesia. Its origins are probably an oral culture, with a range of stories of heroes associated with wayang and other forms of theatre, transmitted outside of a written culture. Folklore in Indonesia are closely connected with mythology.

Controversy

Nugroho questioned the inconsistency of the general public for not boycotting Bohemian Rhapsody, a film also with LGBT elements, which saw little resistance in Indonesia.
Nugroho questioned the inconsistency of the general public for not boycotting Bohemian Rhapsody, a film also with LGBT elements, which saw little resistance in Indonesia.

On 16 April, Ifa stated that the film would not be boycotted because it focuses on a coming-of-age story rather than LGBT issues. Ifa performed a risk-benefit analysis on it.[38] However eight days later, there were two Change.org petitions made, titled (translated): "Emergency! Indonesia is now making an LGBT film called "Kucumbu Tubuh Indahku"" by Budi Robantoro and "Cancel the Release of LGBT film titled "Kucumbu Tubuh Indahku" Directed by Garin Nugroho" by Rakhmi Mashita.[39] As a result, the trailer of the film caused mixed reviews by the netizens; some supported the release of the film, while others did not. The Vice President of the Indonesian Ulema Council's (MUI) Youth and Family Commission Arovah Windiani asked the film not to be released, calling it immoral.[40]

Depok's regent, Idris Abdul Somad, banned Memories of My Body in the city he controls, also leaning towards LGBT elements of the film. He also wrote a formal letter to the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) to ban the film nationwide.[41] Somad was supported by MUI's President Garut Sirojul Munir, worrying that the film will bring a negative effect to millennials whilst asking all Muslims to pray more as Ramadan neared.[42] The film is also banned in West Kalimantan, specifically in Pontianak and Kubu Raya. Pontianak's regent, Edi Rusdi, reportedly wrote three letters to three different institutions: the Ayani Mega Mall, the West Kalimantan KPI, as well as the Mayor of West Kalimantan, Sutarmidji, on 26 and 27 April, saying that he wanted to protect children from domestic violence and abuse, as well as protecting the general public. He also wanted the film to be abandoned by the general public not to cause an individual to become a member of the LGBT community.[43] Muda Mahandrawan, Kubu Raya's regent, also wrote a letter after witnessing the trailer three times in three different media. He also stated that the film is against religious teachings and that it may cause conversion in an individual.[44] In Balikpapan, several Islamic organizations, in particular the Islamic Defenders Front, boycotted the film in the city.[45]

On the island of Sumatra, Ratu Dewa, Palembang's city secretary, asked the KPI of South Sumatra to ban the film in the said territory on 29 April due to its apparent promotion of LGBT. Like Muda, she also had the idea after watching the film trailer.[46] Pekanbaru's regent, Firdaus, wrote a letter the following week, thinking that it might wreak havoc on the general public. Firdaus claimed that the film is robust in its elements on LGBT, and is against religious teachings. He said that there is no morality whatsoever infused in the film.[47] The next day, Padang's regent Mahyeldi Ansharullah wrote a letter to the Indonesian Film Censorship Board showing disgust towards the film, opposing it with similar reasons stated by other politicians.[48] The Islamic Defenders Front also cancelled further screening of the film in Bandar Lampung; they initially screamed in front of the building and were let in by fearful officers. In a footage, the Front threatened the building's managers to have them arrested if they were caught screening any taboo films in the future. The audiences were told that the film could not be screened further due to restrictions. One of the managers criticized the Front for their far-frontal actions and asked them to watch the film before accusing it. The audiences, who were mostly students, were disappointed with the Front, as they were "simply appreciating Indonesia's culture," and that "there's no concerning [scenes] so far."[49]

Response

KPI stated that they will not manage those problems raised by politicians earlier. Nugroho stated that the controversy proves that Indonesia is not ready to be mature towards taboo topics such as LGBT, and he says that he is "ready to fight even when [he] is threatened to be murdered."[50] He questioned the inconsistency of the general public for not boycotting Bohemian Rhapsody, a 2018 biopic film about Freddie Mercury, also with LGBT elements, which was played in many regions in Indonesia.[51]

Nugroho stated that Memories of My Body's contra is an example of the general public judging without actually knowing what they are talking about.[52] He was also disappointed by the mass anarchy without any dialogue and process that may influence the mindedness of future generations as well as the openness to be free from discrimination and democratic violence.[53] He gave the example of Opera Jawa, which was also contested by the World Hindu Youth Organization, calling it stupid,[54] even when the film received positive reviews by the Hindu community in Bali, where the religion is dominant. He also brought up Soegija, a 2012 epic film by Nugroho as well, which received controversy due to its strength in the ability to possibly convert a person.[55] Ifa said that the opposition of the film is caused by the dilemma of recent Indonesian culture, where the Muslim community is divided on Sufism or Wahhabism. In the Wahhabi teachings, one must follow the Arab culture to oppose Indonesia's signature culture as well as the arts of Hinduism and Buddhism.[56] Rianto, in an interview with BBC Indonesia, argues "From its start to its end, there's no such thing as LGBT promotion. This is my motherland's culture."[57]

Ifa said that the boycotters who signed the two Change.org petitions were more than the viewers. Ifa said that he does not know whether this is the effect of a mass flag or the effect of Avengers: Endgame dominating the Indonesian box office,[25] although in Jakarta, Endgame only screened at two theatres at the time due to its over domination.[58] Other directors such as Hanung Bramantyo, Ernest Prakasa, and Joko Anwar stated that the boycotting of the film reflects the thriving intolerance in Indonesia.[59]

In response to the controversy, Aktivis Women's March supported Nugroho and also talked about Nugroho's response towards the controversy.[60] Airlangga University sociology teacher Bagong Suyanto stated that the film's controversy is not new to Indonesia as in the last few years, as there have been debates related to the presence of the LGBT community in Indonesia.[61] Another sociologist, Sigit Rochadi, said that the film is incapable of converting a person to a different sexuality.[62] Endro Priherdityo of CNN Indonesia humiliates those who agreed on Indonesia's diversity, but fail to accept all the cultures present.[8] The Indonesian Film Directors Club (IFDC) similarized the film with films that was qualified but received such close-minded controversy: Pocong, Suster Keramas, Cin(T)a, Perempuan Berkalung Sorban, ?, Cinta Tapi Beda, Naura & Genk Juara, and Dilan 1991.[34] Tirto.id called the controversy a decadence.[63]

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Bohemian Rhapsody (film)

Bohemian Rhapsody (film)

Bohemian Rhapsody is a 2018 biographical musical drama film directed by Bryan Singer from a screenplay by Anthony McCarten, and produced by Graham King and Queen manager Jim Beach. It focuses on the life of Freddie Mercury, the lead singer of the British rock band Queen, from the formation of the band in 1970 to their 1985 Live Aid performance at the original Wembley Stadium. It stars Rami Malek as Mercury, with Lucy Boynton, Gwilym Lee, Ben Hardy, Joe Mazzello, Aidan Gillen, Tom Hollander, and Mike Myers in supporting roles. Queen members Brian May and Roger Taylor also served as consultants. A British-American venture, it was produced by Regency Enterprises, GK Films and Queen Films, and was distributed by 20th Century Fox.

Change.org

Change.org

Change.org is a worldwide nonprofit petition website, based in California, US, operated by the San Francisco-based company of the same name, which has over 400 million users and offers the public the ability to promote the petitions they care about to potential signers, including 196 countries which are "creating change" in their communities. Designed to raise awareness within communities to influence "decision-makers" at the highest levels of governments, leading organizations use the website to advance their causes and mobilize supporters. Businesses also use the platform to engage with their constituents and consumers. In terms of media, the organization's mission is to source powerful stories and cover campaigns hundreds of times a day.

Indonesian Ulema Council

Indonesian Ulema Council

Indonesian Ulema Council is Indonesia's top Islamic scholars body. MUI was founded in Jakarta on July 26, 1975 during the New Order era. The council comprises many Indonesian Muslim groups including Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Muhammadiyah, and smaller groups such as, Syarikat Islam, Perti, Al Washliyah, Mathla'ul Anwar, GUPPI, PTDI, DMI and Al Ittihadiyyah. The Ahlul Bait Indonesia (Shi'ite) and Jemaat Ahmadiyyah Indonesia (Ahmadiyya) were not accepted as members.

Depok

Depok

Depok is a landlocked city in West Java province, and located within Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. It has an area of 200.29 km2. It had a population of 1,738,600 at the 2010 Census and 2,056,400 at the 2020 Census, resulting in a density of 10,267 people per km2. Depok was declared as a separate city on 20 April 1999, having previously been part of Bogor Regency.

Indonesian Broadcasting Commission

Indonesian Broadcasting Commission

The Indonesian Broadcasting Commission is an independent broadcasting agency in Indonesia that functions as a regulating body for broadcasting companies in the country. The commission was established in 2002 based on Act No. 32 of 2002 on Broadcasting. KPI consists of the Central Indonesian Broadcasting Commission and the Regional Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPID) who work on the provincial level.

Millennials

Millennials

Millennials, also known as Generation Y or Gen Y, are the demographic cohort following Generation X and preceding Generation Z. Researchers and popular media use the early 1980s as starting birth years and the mid-1990s as ending birth years, with the generation typically being defined as people born from 1981 to 1996. Most millennials are the children of baby boomers and older Generation X; millennials are often the parents of Generation Alpha.

Kubu Raya Regency

Kubu Raya Regency

Kubu Raya Regency or Great Kubu Regency is a regency of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. It was created in 2007 from the (larger) central and southern part of Pontianak Regency. It covers an area of 6,985.24 km2, and it had a population of 500,970 at the 2010 Census and 609,392 at the 2020 Census. The principal town lies at Sungai Raya, directly adjacent to the City of Pontianak. Despite its close location to Pontianak, the regional capital and economic centre of the West Kalimantan Province, it highly lacks sufficient infrastructure development, which causes general suspicions on the performance of its local government.

Domestic violence

Domestic violence

Domestic violence is violence or other abuse that occurs in a domestic setting, such as in a marriage or cohabitation. Domestic violence is often used as a synonym for intimate partner violence, which is committed by one of the people in an intimate relationship against the other person, and can take place in relationships or between former spouses or partners. In its broadest sense, domestic violence also involves violence against children, parents, or the elderly. It can assume multiple forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, reproductive, or sexual abuse. It can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and other violent physical abuse, such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation, and acid throwing that may result in disfigurement or death, and includes the use of technology to harass, control, monitor, stalk or hack. Domestic murder includes stoning, bride burning, honor killing, and dowry death, which sometimes involves non-cohabitating family members.

Balikpapan

Balikpapan

Balikpapan is a seaport city in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Located on the east coast of the island of Borneo, the city is the financial center of Kalimantan. Balikpapan is the city with the largest economy in Kalimantan with an estimated 2016 GDP at Rp 73.18 trillion. The city has the third busiest airport in Kalimantan after that in Banjarmasin and Pontianak, namely Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Sepinggan Airport. Port of Semayang was the second busiest seaport in East Kalimantan, after that in Samarinda.

Islamic Defenders Front

Islamic Defenders Front

The Islamic Defenders Front was an Indonesian hardline Islamist organization founded in 1998 by Muhammad Rizieq Shihab with backing from military and political figures. Since 2015, Ahmad Shabri Lubis has been the organization's leader, while Rizieq Shihab holds the title of Grand Imam of the FPI for life. The FPI originally positioned itself as an Islamic religious police, mostly by conducting illegal and unauthorized vigilante operations. It also acted as an Islamist pressure group with prominent social media activism and mass mobilizations against pro-government activists, ethnic Chinese, Christian minority, as well as liberal and reformist politicians.

Firdaus (Indonesian politician)

Firdaus (Indonesian politician)

Firdaus is the current mayor of Pekanbaru, capital of Riau province and the third-most populous city on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. He had been elected as mayor twice and 2017 where he won 92,384 votes (32.99%).

Padang

Padang

Padang is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra. With a Census population of 909,040 as of 2020, it is the 16th most populous city in Indonesia and the most populous city on the west coast of Sumatra. The Padang metropolitan area is the third most populous metropolitan area in Sumatra with a population of over 1.4 million. Padang is widely known for its Minangkabau culture, cuisine, and sunset beaches.

Soundtrack

Soundtrack composer Mondo Gascaro released an album of the same name, which is mostly filled with remakes of pre-existing songs like "Hanya Semalam" (lit. "Only One Night") and "Rindu Lukisan" (lit. "The Heart of a Painting) by Ismail Marzuki as well as "Apatis" (lit. "Pessimistic"), which was popularized by Benny Subardja in the 1970s.[64]

The soundtrack's cover art depicted a Lengger dancer behind the yellow walls (as background) dancing; the dancer's body reflected as a shadow. The soundtrack was praised by Grain, calling Mondo "advancing traditional values and able to convey the movie's feelings using his."[65] Tracks with Rianto credited are spoken or chanted by Rianto in the film and are original audio clips from the film.

The soundtrack album was released digitally and physically, specifically on compact disc by labels Ivy Music League and Signature Music Indonesia. The digital version was released in correspondence with its premiere in the Jogja-NETPAC Film Festival.[65]

All music is composed by Mondo Gascoro, unless noted.

No.TitleMusicLength
1."Leng"Mondo Gascoro, Rianto2:41
2."Bimbang Tanpa Pegangan"Danilla4:07
3."Tubuh dan Hasrat"Mondo Gascoro, Rianto1:44
4."Hanya Semalam"Endah Laras3:43
5."Godong Bayem"Rianto1:46
6."Dari Seberang" 3:08
7."Into the Clouds, Out of the Ocean" 4:14
8."Rindu Lukisan"Tilly Haryanto4:09
9."Padang Kurusetra"Mondo Gascoro, Rianto4:36
10."Jangkrik"Rianto1:03
11."Apatis" 5:11
Total length:36:22

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Cover art

Cover art

Cover art is a type of artwork presented as an illustration or photograph on the outside of a published product such as a book, magazine, newspaper (tabloid), comic book, video game, music album, CD, videotape, DVD, or podcast.

Music download

Music download

A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a personal computer, portable media player, MP3 player or smartphone. This term encompasses both legal downloads and downloads of copyrighted material without permission or legal payment. According to a Nielsen report, downloadable music accounted for 55.9 percent of all music sales in the US in 2012. By the beginning of 2011, Apple's iTunes Store alone made US$1.1 billion of revenue in the first quarter of its fiscal year. Music downloads are typically encoded with modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) audio data compression, particularly the Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) format used by iTunes as well as the MP3 audio coding format.

Compact disc

Compact disc

The compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony to store and play digital audio recordings. In August 1982, the first compact disc was manufactured. It was then released in October 1982 and branded as Digital Audio Compact Disc.

Record label

Record label

A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark of music recordings and music videos, or the company that owns it. Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos, while also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists, and maintaining contracts with recording artists and their managers. The term "record label", derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information.

Accolades

Memories of My Body was selected as the Indonesian entry for the Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.[66] It was Nugroho's second film to be entered for selection in the awards, after Daun di Atas Bantal.[67] Initially, Nugroho stated that he did not have big expectations when it was entered, and said, "a good film will find its own way."[68]

Award Date of Ceremony Category Recipient(s)/Nominee(s) Result Ref.
Adelaide Film Festival 20 October 2018 International Best Feature Memories of My Body Nominated [69]
Asia Pacific Screen Awards 29 November 2018 UNESCO Award Won [70][71]
Guadalajara International Film Festival 8-15 March 2019 Premio Maguey Nominated [72]
Honorific Mention Won
Indonesian Film Festival 8 December 2019 Best Picture Ifa Isfansyah Won [73]
Best Director Garin Nugroho Won
Best Leading Actor Muhammad Khan Won
Best Supporting Actor Whani Dharmawan Won
Randy Pangalila Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Garin Nugroho Nominated
Best Original Score Ramondo Gascaro Won
Best Sound Khikmawan Santosa and Dicky Permana Nominated
Best Art Direction Edy Wibowo Won
Best Makeup and Hairstyling Retno Ratih Damayanti Nominated
Best Costume Design Nominated
Best Editing Greg Araya Won
Venice International Film Festival 29 August-8 September 2018 Venice Horizons Award Memories of My Body Nominated [74][75]
Queer Lion Nominated

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Academy Award for Best International Feature Film

Academy Award for Best International Feature Film

The Academy Award for Best International Feature Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States with a predominantly non-English dialogue track.

92nd Academy Awards

92nd Academy Awards

The 92nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored films released in 2019 and took place on February 9, 2020, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, beginning at 5:00 p.m. PST / 8:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Stephanie Allain and Lynette Howell Taylor and was directed by Glenn Weiss. Three months earlier in a ceremony at the Ray Dolby Ballroom of the Hollywood & Highland Center in Hollywood held on October 27, 2019, the Academy held its 11th Annual Governors Awards ceremony.

Daun di Atas Bantal

Daun di Atas Bantal

Daun di Atas Bantal is a 1998 Indonesian film directed by Garin Nugroho. It is one of the most acclaimed films from Indonesia in recent years and was the country's proposal for an Academy Award. It was also screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival.

Adelaide Film Festival

Adelaide Film Festival

The Adelaide Film Festival is film festival usually held for two weeks in mid-October in cinemas in Adelaide, South Australia. Originally presented biennially in March from 2003, since 2013 AFF has been held in October. Subject to funding, the festival has staged full or briefer events in alternating years; some form of event has taken place every year since 2015. From 2022 it takes place annually. It has a strong focus on local South Australian and Australian produced content, with the Adelaide Film Festival Investment Fund (AFFIF) established to fund investment in Australian films.

Asia Pacific Screen Awards

Asia Pacific Screen Awards

The Asia Pacific Screen Awards (APSA) is an international cultural initiative overseen by the Asia Pacific Screen Academy and headquartered in Australia. In order to realise UNESCO's goals of promoting and preserving the different cultures through the influential medium of cinema, it honours and promotes the movies, actors, directors, and cultures of the Asia Pacific area to a worldwide audience.

12th Asia Pacific Screen Awards

12th Asia Pacific Screen Awards

The 12th Asia Pacific Screen Awards were held on 29 November 2018 in Brisbane, Australia.

Cultural Diversity Award (UNESCO)

Cultural Diversity Award (UNESCO)

Asia Pacific Screen Awards (APSA) awards The Cultural Diversity Award under the patronage of UNESCO annually to a film practitioner and film from the region for their exceptional contribution for upholding and promoting the cultural diversity through the medium of the film.

Guadalajara International Film Festival

Guadalajara International Film Festival

The Guadalajara International Film Festival is a week-long film festival held each March in the Mexican city of Guadalajara since 1986.

2019 Indonesian Film Festival

2019 Indonesian Film Festival

The 39th Citra Awards, presented by Indonesian Film Board and Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology, honored the achievement in Indonesian cinema released from 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019. The ceremony was held on 8 December 2019 at the Opus Ballroom, The Tribata, Jakarta, Indonesia, and presented by journalist Rory Asyari and announcer Melissa Karim.

Citra Award for Best Director

Citra Award for Best Director

The Citra Award for Best Director is an award given at the annual Indonesian Film Festival (FFI) to Indonesian film directors in recognition for their achievement in the previous year. The Citra Awards, described by Screen International as "Indonesia's equivalent to the Oscars", are the country's most prestigious film awards and are intended to recognize achievements in films as well as to draw public interest to the film industry.

Garin Nugroho

Garin Nugroho

Garin Nugroho Riyanto is an Indonesian film director.

75th Venice International Film Festival

75th Venice International Film Festival

The 75th Venice International Film Festival was held from 29 August to 8 September 2018. Mexican film director Guillermo del Toro was named as the President of the Jury. First Man, directed by Damien Chazelle, was selected to open the festival. Guillermo del Toro was named as the Jury President for the main competition section, with Michele Riondino hosting the festival.

Source: "Memories of My Body", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memories_of_My_Body.

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See also

Plot

  • Gemblak, cultural element hinted in the film
  • Reog, a tradition of the village's dance group
Notes
  1. ^ Indonesian: IBU.
References
  1. ^ a b "'Memories of My Body' ('Kucumbu Tubuh Indahku'): Film Review | Venice 2018 | Hollywood Reporter". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
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