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MAN SL202

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MAN SL202
Stadtbus Nürnberg MAN SL 202 Am Kressenstein.jpg
Stadtbus Nürnberg MAN SL202
Overview
ManufacturerMAN
Production1983–1993
AssemblySalzgitter, Germany
Body and chassis
Doors1 or 2
Floor typeStep entrance
Powertrain
EngineD2566UH 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp)
D2566UH 155 kW (211 PS; 208 bhp)
D2866UH 177 kW (241 PS; 237 bhp)
D2866UH 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp)
TransmissionRenk Doromat Series
Voith DIWA 851/854.2
ZF Ecomat ZF 4HP500
ZF Ecomat ZF 5HP500
Dimensions
Length11.1 metres (36.4 ft)
11.7 metres (38.4 ft)
12.2 metres (40.0 ft)
Width2.5 metres (8 ft 2.4 in)
Height3.2 metres (10.5 ft)
Chronology
PredecessorMAN SL200
SuccessorMAN NL202

The MAN SL202 was a single-decker bus manufactured by MAN in Salzgitter, Germany between 1983 and 1993. It was also available as a chassis for external bodywork.

History

The MAN SL202 succeeded the MAN SL200 in 1983.[1]

The SL202 came with a wide choice of transmissions, from three and four-speed Renk Doromat automatic transmissions, to three and four-speed Voith DIWA transmissions, to four and five-speed ZF Ecomat 4HP500 or 5HP500 transmissions. One to date has been retro-fitted with an Allison World Series B300R4 transmission, creating a largely noticeable increase in performance against similar examples with the three-speed Voith DIWA transmission.

The internal combustion engines used in the SL202 were replaced around 1990, from older, smaller, 2566 series engines to newer, larger, 2866 series engines. The majority of pre-1990 SL202s have a 155 kilowatts (211 PS; 208 bhp) D2566UH engine, developing about 755 newton-metres (557 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 1,400 rpm. These D2566 engines have a capacity of 11.413 litres (696.5 cu in) and max out at 2,200 rpm. This same engine was used for the SL200 and is similar in design to that of the OM407h engine used in the Mercedes-Benz O305.

Post-1990 SL202s have the D2866 engine, with higher power and torque figures. These engines have a capacity of 11.967 litres (730.3 cu in) and maximum output at 2,200 rpm, the design is similar to the OM447h engine of the Mercedes-Benz O405.

Much of the design was used in the North American version of the SL202, the MAN Americana SL40-102. The SL202 was superseded by the MAN NL202.

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MAN SL200

MAN SL200

The MAN SL200 was a transit bus manufactured by MAN between 1973 and 1988, and was based on the first generation German VöV-Standard-Bus body design. More than 5500 units were built of the standard left-hand drive version. There were also several right-hand drive chassis versions available for external bodywork, some of which were delivered with the body frame.

Renk

Renk

The RENK Group is a German company and ranked among the top ten companies in the German defense industry in terms of sales in 2010. Its main production sites are located in Augsburg, Rheine, Hanover and Winterthur (Switzerland) and - following the acquisition of the British company Horstman Holdings Ltd. in 2019 - in Bath (England) and Sterling Heights (USA).

Automatic transmission

Automatic transmission

An automatic transmission is a multi-speed transmission used in internal combustion engine-based motor vehicles that does not require any input from the driver to change forward gears under normal driving conditions. It typically includes a transmission, axle, and differential in one integrated assembly, thus technically becoming a transaxle.

Allison Transmission

Allison Transmission

Allison Transmission is an American manufacturer of commercial duty automatic transmissions and hybrid propulsion systems. Allison products are specified by over 250 vehicle manufacturers and are used in many market sectors including bus, refuse, fire, construction, distribution, military, and specialty applications.

Internal combustion engine

Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine is a heat engine in which the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine, the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion applies direct force to some component of the engine. The force is typically applied to pistons, turbine blades, a rotor, or a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance, transforming chemical energy into kinetic energy which is used to propel, move or power whatever the engine is attached to. This replaced the external combustion engine for applications where the weight or size of an engine was more important.

Newton-metre

Newton-metre

The newton-metre is the unit of torque in the International System of Units (SI). One newton-metre is equal to the torque resulting from a force of one newton applied perpendicularly to the end of a moment arm that is one metre long. The nonstandard notation Nm occurs in some fields.

Pound-foot (torque)

Pound-foot (torque)

A pound-foot (lbf⋅ft) is a unit of torque representing one pound of force acting at a perpendicular distance of one foot from a pivot point. Conversely one pound-foot is the moment about an axis that applies one pound-force at a radius of one foot.

Torque

Torque

In physics and mechanics, torque is the rotational equivalent of linear force. It is also referred to as the moment, moment of force, rotational force or turning effect, depending on the field of study. It represents the capability of a force to produce change in the rotational motion of the body. The concept originated with the studies by Archimedes of the usage of levers, which is reflected in his famous quote: "Give me a lever and a place to stand and I will move the Earth". Just as a linear force is a push or a pull, a torque can be thought of as a twist to an object around a specific axis. Torque is defined as the product of the magnitude of the force and the perpendicular distance of the line of action of a force from the axis of rotation. The law of Conservation of energy can also be used to understand Torque. The symbol for torque is typically , the lowercase Greek letter tau. When being referred to as moment of force, it is commonly denoted by M.

Mercedes-Benz O305

Mercedes-Benz O305

The Mercedes-Benz O305 was a single deck, double deck and articulated bus manufactured by Mercedes-Benz in Mannheim, West Germany from 1968 until 1988. It was built as either a complete bus or a bus chassis and was the Mercedes-Benz adaptation of the unified German VöV-Standard-Bus design, that was produced by many different bus manufacturers including Büssing, Magirus-Deutz, MAN, Ikarus, Gräf/Steyr, Heuliez, Renault, and Pegaso. The O305 was designed for use as a single-decker bus, however it was later redesigned to accommodate double-decker bodies.

Mercedes-Benz O405

Mercedes-Benz O405

The Mercedes-Benz O405 was a single-decker bus manufactured by Mercedes-Benz from the mid-1980s to the early 2000s as either an integral bus or a bus chassis and was the last VöV SL-II standard bus in production. It was the replacement for the Mercedes-Benz O305 and was widely used in Europe, the United Kingdom, Australia and Singapore with 12,000 produced.

North America

North America

North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea, and to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean. Because it is on the North American Tectonic Plate, Greenland is included as a part of North America geographically.

MAN NL202

MAN NL202

The MAN NL202 was a low floor single-decker bus built by MAN Nutzfahrzeuge from the late 1980s until 1992. It is derived from the VöV SL-II bus standard. Especially sold in Europe, in particular in Germany, it was replaced by MAN NL262. It was additionally sold in South Australia, in diesel and Compressed natural gas variants, the latter of which continues to be used to this day in significant numbers.

Operators

The MAN SL202 was mainly sold in Germany. The chassis version was sold in Australia and New Zealand.

Australia

Sydney Buses purchased 50 Pressed Metal Corporation bodied SL202s in 1989 which were retired in 2013,[2] while the State Transport Authority, Adelaide took delivery of 125 Pressed Metal Corporation Australia bodied examples between 1992 and 1996.[3][4] The Brisbane City Council purchased two[5] while Darwinbus purchased five.

New Zealand

The Auckland Regional Council purchased 69 SL202s, Christchurch Transport Board 57, New Plymouth City Transit six and Wellington City Council 30.[6] New Zealand Coach Service purchased 11 SL202s between 1986 and 1988.[7]

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Germany

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. It is the second most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; it covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), with a population of almost 84 million within its 16 constituent states. Germany borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation's capital and most populous city is Berlin and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Australia

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.

New Zealand

New Zealand

New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main landmasses—the North Island and the South Island —and over 700 smaller islands. It is the sixth-largest island country by area, covering 268,021 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the islands of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. The country's varied topography and sharp mountain peaks, including the Southern Alps, owe much to tectonic uplift and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, and its most populous city is Auckland.

State Transit Authority

State Transit Authority

The State Transit Authority of New South Wales, also referred to as State Transit, was an agency of the Government of New South Wales operating bus services in Sydney. Superseding the Urban Transit Authority in 1989, it was also responsible for the provision of ferry services in Sydney until 2004 and bus and ferry services in Newcastle until 2017. It ceased trading after 2 April 2022 with its remaining operations to be contracted out by Transport for NSW to replacement operators.

Pressed Metal Corporation

Pressed Metal Corporation

Pressed Metal Corporation was an Australian automotive body building and assembly operation based in New South Wales.

State Transport Authority (South Australia)

State Transport Authority (South Australia)

The State Transport Authority (STA) was the government agency which controlled public transport in South Australia between 1974 and 1994.

Adelaide

Adelaide

Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia, the state's largest city and the fifth-most populous city in Australia. "Adelaide" may refer to either Greater Adelaide or the Adelaide city centre. The demonym Adelaidean is used to denote the city and the residents of Adelaide. The Traditional Owners of the Adelaide region are the Kaurna people. The area of the city centre and surrounding parklands is called Tarndanya in the Kaurna language.

Pressed Metal Corporation South Australia

Pressed Metal Corporation South Australia

Pressed Metal Corporation South Australia (PMCSA) was an Australian bus bodybuilder based in Royal Park, Adelaide.

Transport for Brisbane

Transport for Brisbane

Transport for Brisbane, previously called Brisbane Transport, is an organisational division of the Brisbane City Council, responsible through its related Council Committee for providing policy and advice to Brisbane City Council, and for delivering various public transport services across the City of Brisbane. The division does this as part of an agreement with TransLink, an agency of the Department of Transport and Main Roads that operates public transport across South East Queensland.

Darwinbus

Darwinbus

Darwinbus is a public bus network which operates in Darwin and Palmerston in the Northern Territory. The network is solely operated by CDC Northern Territory under a six-year contract with the Northern Territory Government starting from 1 July 2022. Prior to this, the network was operated under two contracts, one by Buslink, and the other by Territory Transit. The Northern Territory Government then combined both contracts, and in May 2022, announced Buslink as the successful bidder after a competitive tender between the two incumbents.

Auckland Regional Council

Auckland Regional Council

The Auckland Regional Council (ARC) was the regional council of the Auckland Region. Its predecessor the Auckland Regional Authority (ARA) was formed in 1963 and became the ARC in 1989. The ARC was subsumed into the Auckland Council on 1 November 2010.

Christchurch Transport Board

Christchurch Transport Board

The Christchurch Transport Board was an autonomous special-purpose municipal authority responsible for the construction, acquisition, and ownership of local transport assets and the operation of public transport services in the Christchurch region of New Zealand's South Island. Constituted as the Christchurch Tramway Board in 1902, it operated trams and buses to Christchurch's outer suburbs and satellite towns for 84 years until being disestablished in the 1989 local government reforms.

Source: "MAN SL202", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MAN_SL202.

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References
  1. ^ Easy access to MAN newcomer Commercial Motor 8 December 1988
  2. ^ State Transit Authority Disposal Lists Australian Bus Fleet Lists
  3. ^ MAN delivers first Adelaide bus Truck & Bus Transportation June 1992 page 97
  4. ^ TransAdelaide Australian Bus Fleet Lists
  5. ^ Volgren MAN SL202 Brisbane Transport Buses
  6. ^ MAN SL202 Buses Omnibus Society of New Zealand
  7. ^ New Zealand Coach Service Australian Bus Fleet Lists
External links

Media related to MAN SL 202 at Wikimedia Commons

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