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Lyubov Panchenko

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Lyubov Panchenko
Любов Панченко
Lyubov Panchenko.jpeg
Born(1938-02-02)2 February 1938
Yablunka, Ukrainian SSR, USSR (now part of Bucha, Kyiv Oblast)
Died30 April 2022(2022-04-30) (aged 84)
Bucha, Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine
NationalityUkrainian
Alma materUkrainian Academy of Printing
Known forfashion design, watercolor painting, embroidery, fabric collages, linocut
MovementSixtiers
AwardsVasyl Stus Prize

Lyubov Mykhailivna Panchenko (Ukrainian: Любов Михайлівна Панченко; 2 February 1938 – 30 April 2022)[1] was a Ukrainian visual artist and fashion designer.[2] She was a member of the Ukrainian Women's Union.[3] She belonged to the Sixtiers, a group of artists of the sixties who revived Ukrainian culture during the Khrushchev Thaw.[4]

Discover more about Lyubov Panchenko related topics

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family. It is the native language of about 40 million people and the official state language of Ukraine in Eastern Europe. Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language-information fund, and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, a prominent Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian, Ukrainian's closest relative, The three Slavic languages are closely related to one another, with very high mutual intelligibility...The dissociation of Russian, Ukrainian, and Belorussian as separate languages is relatively modern

Ukrainian Women's Union

Ukrainian Women's Union

The Ukrainian Women's Union (1920–1938) was the most influential women's organization operating among Ukrainian women outside of Soviet Ukraine. Because they represented Ukrainian nationals living in other sovereign states, the organization solidified their struggle for gender recognition with one for nationalist aims. Formed in Lviv in 1920, the organization did not focus on traditional feminist issues of equality and political agency until after they had built up a base membership and helped improve the social and economic lives of the peasantry which made up the majority of their membership.

Sixtiers

Sixtiers

The Sixtiers were representatives of а new generation of the Soviet Intelligentsia, who entered the cultural and political life of the USSR during the late 1950s and 1960s, after the Khrushchev Thaw. Most of them were born between 1925 and 1945, and their worldviews were formed by years of Stalin's repressions and purges, which affected many of the Sixtiers' immediate families, and World War II, in which many of them had volunteered to fight.

Khrushchev Thaw

Khrushchev Thaw

The Khrushchev Thaw is the period from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s when repression and censorship in the Soviet Union were relaxed due to Nikita Khrushchev's policies of de-Stalinization and peaceful coexistence with other nations. The term was coined after Ilya Ehrenburg's 1954 novel The Thaw ("Оттепель"), sensational for its time.

Life

Lyubov was born on 2 February 1938 in the village of Yablunka.[5] In the late 1950s she graduated from the Kyiv School of Applied Arts (embroidery department).[2] Later, she worked in a tailoring workshop and at the same time expanded her horizons of knowledge of art, becoming interested in linocut. In 1968 she entered the evening department of the Faculty of Graphics of the Ukrainian Academy of Printing.[2] In the 1960s she joined the Club of Creative Youth "Сучасник" [Wikidata] and became a member of its literary section, Brama.

Panchenko worked at the Design and Engineering Technological Institute as a fashion designer and at the Republican House of Models. At that time, her bright talent flourished: she created a series of watercolors, clothing models, embroidery patterns, graphic screensavers for books, paintings. Many of her embroidery works were showcased in the magazine "Soviet Woman".[3]

She was known to have defended the Ukrainian language and culture. She painted pysanka Easter eggs, embroidered national costumes for choirs, and raised money to help political prisoners serving sentences for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda."[3] With her participation, the tradition of koliadka caroling and vertep nativity scenes was revived in Kyiv.[6]

Panchenko was awarded the Vasyl Stus Prize in 2001.[7]

Because of the evident Ukrainian folk inspirations in her work, she never had an exhibition during the Soviet era. She relied financially on her fashion work and embroidery.[6]

Panchenko died in the town of Bucha on 30 April 2022, at the age of 84.[8] It was reported that she died of starvation caused by the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[9][10]

Discover more about Life related topics

Linocut

Linocut

Linocut, also known as lino print, lino printing or linoleum art, is a printmaking technique, a variant of woodcut in which a sheet of linoleum is used for a relief surface. A design is cut into the linoleum surface with a sharp knife, V-shaped chisel or gouge, with the raised (uncarved) areas representing a reversal of the parts to show printed. The linoleum sheet is inked with a roller, and then impressed onto paper or fabric. The actual printing can be done by hand or with a printing press.

Ukrainian Academy of Printing

Ukrainian Academy of Printing

The Ukrainian Academy of Printing is a Ukrainian academy in Lviv.

Soviet Woman (magazine)

Soviet Woman (magazine)

Soviet Woman was a sociopolitic and literary illustrated magazine, founded in Moscow in 1945 by the Committee of Soviet Women with the support of the unions.

Pysanka

Pysanka

A pysanka is a Ukrainian Easter egg, decorated with traditional folk designs using a wax-resist method. The word pysanka comes from the verb pysaty, "to write" or "to inscribe," as the designs are written (inscribed) with beeswax, not painted.

Koliadka

Koliadka

Koliadka are traditional songs usually sung in Eastern Slavic, Central European and Eastern European countries during the Christmas holiday season. It is believed that everything sung about will come true.

Vertep

Vertep

In the Ukrainian culture, vertep is a portable puppet theatre and drama, which presents the nativity scene, other mystery plays, and later secular plots as well. The original meaning of the word is "secret place", "cave", "den", referring to the cave where Christ was born, i.e., the Bethlehem Cave "Вифлеемский вертеп" in the liturgy of the Russian Orthodox Church. In the 17th century, the vertep arrived in the Russian Empire after the Ukrainian Cossack Hetmanate, where it was known as szopka, became a Protectorat of the empire in 1654.

Nativity scene

Nativity scene

In the Christian tradition, a nativity scene is the special exhibition, particularly during the Christmas season, of art objects representing the birth of Jesus. While the term "nativity scene" may be used of any representation of the very common subject of the Nativity of Jesus in art, it has a more specialized sense referring to seasonal displays, either using model figures in a setting or reenactments called "living nativity scenes" in which real humans and animals participate. Nativity scenes exhibit figures representing the infant Jesus, his mother, Mary, and her husband, Joseph.

Vasyl Stus Prize

Vasyl Stus Prize

The Vasyl Stus Prize, given since January 1989, is the first non-governmental prize awarded for "talent and courage" and being worthy of the memory of Vasyl Stus. This Prize was set up by the Ukrainian Association of the Independent Creative Intelligentsia and awarded every year on the poet’s, Stus', date of birth in Lviv. In 1990 it moved to Kyiv.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has caused tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. About 8 million Ukrainians were displaced within their country by late May, and more than 7.9 million fled the country by 3 January 2023.

Exhibitions

In 2008, the National Museum of Literature of Ukraine exhibited the anniversary exhibition of Lyubov Panchenko. Yevhen Sverstiuk, a human rights activist and poet at the time, remarked: “These works clearly bear the stamp of genius. She lives in her world, she opens this world to us."[2]

In 2014, the Hrushevsky Museum [Wikidata] in Kyiv presented the exhibition "My World!" («Світе мій!»).[11]

Panchenko's works are also exhibited in the private collections and Museum of the Sixtiers [Wikidata] in Kyiv.[6]

Source: "Lyubov Panchenko", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyubov_Panchenko.

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References
  1. ^ Не зламав КДБ, але не пережила російських окупантів: померла відома художниця Любов Панченко (in Ukrainian)
  2. ^ a b c d "Карпатські мелодії [виставка акварелей Любові Панченко] | КПІ ім. Ігоря Сікорського". kpi.ua. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b c область, Бучанский сайт Буча Киевская. "Любов Панченко – жива легенда української творчості". Бучанський міський сайт (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Не під чужу дудку, а під свою – Слово Просвіти" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Легенда українського мистецтва з Бучі Любов Панченко стала героїнею арт-гри ➢ Погляд ➢ Новини Києва та Київщини онлайн". Погляд — новини Києва та Київщини онлайн (in Ukrainian). 3 February 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  6. ^ a b c Ирина Татаренко (1 May 2022). "ЛЮБОВ ПАНЧЕНКО: ЇЇ ДУША – У ПОЛОТНАХ". Marie Claire (in Ukrainian).
  7. ^ Премія імені Василя Стуса // Міжнародна громадська організація «Український центр Міжнародного ПЕН-клубу»
  8. ^ Не зламав КДБ, але не пережила російських окупантів: померла відома художниця Любов Панченко. 30.03.2022, 19:25
  9. ^ Manning, Joshua (1 May 2022). "Iconic Ukrainian artist who opposed KGB starves to death following Russian occupation". EuroWeekly News. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  10. ^ Nordlinger, Jay (2 May 2022). "Extraordinary People". National Review. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Світ Любові Панченко. У Києві відкрито виставку акварелей і декоративних розписів мисткині-шестидесятниці".
Literature
  • Любов Панченко: повернення: альбом / передм. Олена Лодзинська, Василь Перевальський, Діана Клочко ; упорядн. Олена Лодзинська, Любов Крупник ; переклад на англ. Ольга Грабар, Соломія Джаман, Олексій Плохотюк ; дизайн Олексій Чекаль. — Київ-Харків: Видавець Олександр Савчук, 2021. — 256 с., 270 іл. — ISBN 978-617-7538-74-4.

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