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Luis María Uriarte Alzaa

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Luis María Uriarte Alzaa (Durango, 1924 - Vedia, 1979) was a Spanish politician, Mayor of Vedia (Guipuzcoa) and Provincial Congressman in Biscay. The terrorist organization ETA murdered Luis María on September 29, 1979.[1]

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Mayor

Mayor

In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town. Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated. Depending on the system chosen, a mayor may be the chief executive officer of the municipal government, may simply chair a multi-member governing body with little or no independent power, or may play a solely ceremonial role. A mayor's duties and responsibilities may be to appoint and oversee municipal managers and employees, provide basic governmental services to constituents, and execute the laws and ordinances passed by a municipal governing body. Options for selection of a mayor include direct election by the public, or selection by an elected governing council or board.

Gipuzkoa

Gipuzkoa

Gipuzkoa is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. Its capital city is Donostia-San Sebastián. Gipuzkoa shares borders with the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques at the northeast, with the province and autonomous community of Navarre at east, Biscay at west, Álava at southwest and the Bay of Biscay to its north. It is located at the easternmost extreme of the Cantabric Sea, in the Bay of Biscay. It has 66 kilometres of coast land.

Biscay

Biscay

Biscay is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lordship of Biscay, lying on the south shore of the eponymous bay. The capital and largest city is Bilbao.

ETA (separatist group)

ETA (separatist group)

ETA, an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, was an armed Basque nationalist and separatist terrorist organization in the Basque Country. The group was founded in 1959 and later evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group engaged in a violent campaign of bombing, assassinations, and kidnappings in the Southern Basque Country and throughout Spanish territory. Its goal was gaining independence for the Basque Country. ETA was the main group within the Basque National Liberation Movement and was the most important Basque participant in the Basque conflict.

Biography

Luis Uriarte María Alzaa, native of Durango, but resident in Vedia was murdered on September 29, 1979, when he was 55 years old. He was married and had three kids. He had been mayor of Vedia for 11 years and Provincial Deputy for Vizcaya. He was one of the founding members of Alianza Popular in Biscay and vocal in their first Board of Directors. At the time of his murder, he had resumed his work as a manager in a few workshops.

Murder

On Saturday, September 29, 1979, Luis María Uriarte came out of his home,[2] the Caserío Ibarra of Vedia, heading to his job.[3] It was 8 a.m. when Luis Maria read the newspaper in his vehicle parked in front of the shop before he began the workday. At that moment, two members of ETA left the stairs located metres away and approached the car, a meter and a half of it, they fired two-shot of a gun and, later, a burst of a machine gun.[4] As a result of the shooting, Luis María Uriarte fell wounded in the car. An employee of the workshop and several passers-by came to his aid and requested an ambulance. He was transferred to the Hospital in a very critical condition.

Luis María received nine bullet impacts in different parts of the body: two in the arm, two in the chest, three in the stomach, one in the leg and another one in the testicles. The Guardia Civil would find eleven caps 9 mm calibre bullet parabellum, although it is estimated that the two ETA's members made 20 shots.[5] Luis Maria underwent surgery for more than 5 hours in the Hospital. He died on October 5 at 9 a.m.[6] The autopsy concluded that he died by a traumatic shock as a result of the shots received during the attack.

In addition to the two terrorists who were directly against Luis Maria there was a third person who awaited them in a yellow Renault vehicle. They scaped towards Amorebieta. The car used by ETA was stolen in Galdakao. The individuals who stole the car were not using a mask to cover their faces. They approached the priest who was driving the car around 6:30 a.m. on the same day of the attack. The priest was native of Amorebieta, who worked as a sales promoter of Egin newspaper.[7]

The Court of the first instance and instruction No. 1 of Durango decreed the provisional dismissal of these proceedings on December 20, 1979, due to lack of evidence. As for the authorship, the military branch of ETA claimed it on October 2, 1979.[8]

Discover more about Biography related topics

People's Alliance (Spain)

People's Alliance (Spain)

The People's Alliance was a post-Francoist electoral coalition, and later a conservative political party in Spain, founded in 1976 as a federation of political associations. Transformed into a party in 1977 and led by Manuel Fraga, it became the main conservative right-wing party in Spain. It was refounded as the People's Party in 1989.

Biscay

Biscay

Biscay is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lordship of Biscay, lying on the south shore of the eponymous bay. The capital and largest city is Bilbao.

ETA (separatist group)

ETA (separatist group)

ETA, an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, was an armed Basque nationalist and separatist terrorist organization in the Basque Country. The group was founded in 1959 and later evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group engaged in a violent campaign of bombing, assassinations, and kidnappings in the Southern Basque Country and throughout Spanish territory. Its goal was gaining independence for the Basque Country. ETA was the main group within the Basque National Liberation Movement and was the most important Basque participant in the Basque conflict.

Civil Guard (Spain)

Civil Guard (Spain)

The Civil Guard is the oldest law enforcement agency in Spain and is one of two national police forces. As a national gendarmerie force, it is military in nature and is responsible for civil policing under the authority of both the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Defence. The role of the Ministry of Defence is limited except in times of war when the Ministry has exclusive authority. The corps is colloquially known as the benemérita (reputable). In annual surveys, it generally ranks as the national institution most valued by Spaniards, closely followed by other law enforcement agencies and the armed forces.

Renault

Renault

Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899. The company produces a range of cars and vans, and in the past has manufactured trucks, tractors, tanks, buses/coaches, aircraft and aircraft engines, and autorail vehicles.

Amorebieta-Etxano

Amorebieta-Etxano

Amorebieta-Etxano, also known as Zornotza, is a town and municipality located in Biscay in the Basque Country, an Autonomous Community in northern Spain.

Galdakao

Galdakao

Galdakao is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain.

Egin (newspaper)

Egin (newspaper)

Egin was a Basque newspaper written in Spanish language and Basque language. Founded in 1977 the paper was in circulation until 1998 when it was closed down by the Spanish government.

Source: "Luis María Uriarte Alzaa", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_María_Uriarte_Alzaa.

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Further Reading

References
  1. ^ "Luis María Uriarte Alzaa (in english)". www.fpev.es. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  2. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 06/10/1979, p. 19 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  3. ^ Altuna, Fernando. "El Mapa del Olvido: El Mapa de los Asesinatos de ETA: LUIS MARÍA URIARTE ALZA (Lemona, Vizcaya, España)". El Mapa del Olvido. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  4. ^ "Luis María Uriarte Alzaa : Mapa del terror" (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  5. ^ "Atento contra el ex alacalde de la localidad bilbaína de Bedia". El País (in Spanish). 1979-09-30. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  6. ^ "Fallecen dos víctimas de recientes atentados". El País (in Spanish). 1979-10-06. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  7. ^ "Tres guardias civiles asesinados en el santuario de Aránzazu y dos víctimas más - In Memoriam". Libertad Digital (in European Spanish). 5 October 2011. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  8. ^ Secretaría General para la Paz y la Convivencia. Gobierno Vasco. "Informe sobre la situación procesal de los atentados perpetrados por organizaciones terroristas con resultado de muerte entre 1960 y 2014. Caso vasco" (PDF).
  • MERINO, A., CHAPA, A., Raíces de Libertad. pp. 43–48. FPEV (2011). ISBN 978-84-615-0648-4
  • This article makes use of material translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia.

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