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Loay Elbasyouni

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Loay Elbasyouni
لؤي البسيوني
Born
Loay Elbasyouni

Germany
NationalityPalestinian, American
Alma materUniversity of Kentucky, University of Louisville
OccupationElectrical engineer
Years active2005—Present
Employer(s)NASA, General Electric
Notable workMars 2020, Ingenuity, Azure Transit Connect Electric
Websiteloay.us

Loay Elbasyouni is a Palestinian-American electrical engineer.[1] He helped design the Mars rover Perseverance and was an electrical and power electronics lead in the team that built the Ingenuity helicopter.[2][3][4]

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Palestine (region)

Palestine (region)

Palestine is a geographic region in Western Asia. It is usually considered to include Israel and the State of Palestine, though some definitions also include part of northwestern Jordan.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. The United States is also in free association with three Pacific Island sovereign states: the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. It is the world's third-largest country by both land and total area. It shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 333 million, it is the most populous country in the Americas and the third most populous in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C. and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Perseverance (rover)

Perseverance (rover)

Perseverance, nicknamed Percy, is a car-sized Mars rover designed to explore the Jezero crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars 2020 mission. It was manufactured by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and launched on July 30, 2020, at 11:50 UTC. Confirmation that the rover successfully landed on Mars was received on February 18, 2021, at 20:55 UTC. As of 28 January 2023, Perseverance has been active on Mars for 690 sols since its landing. Following the rover's arrival, NASA named the landing site Octavia E. Butler Landing.

Ingenuity (helicopter)

Ingenuity (helicopter)

Ingenuity, nicknamed Ginny, is a small robotic helicopter operating on Mars as part of NASA's Mars 2020 mission along with the Perseverance rover, which landed with Ingenuity attached to its underside on February 18, 2021. The helicopter was deployed to the surface on April 3, 2021, and on April 19 successfully made the first powered controlled extraterrestrial flight by an aircraft, taking off vertically, hovering and landing for a flight duration of 39.1 seconds. As of its 40th flight, on 19 January 2023, the helicopter had remained flightworthy for 640 days after its first flight. The 25th flight, which occurred on April 8, 2022, set new records for highest speed and distance traveled.

Early life

Elbasyouni was born in Germany while his father was studying medicine. He came back to Beit Hanoun[3][5] in Gaza when he was five years old, and lived through the First Intifada, when the academic year got as short as eighty days.[6] He attended UNRWA's Schools during his primary and secondary education.[1] In 1998, he moved to the United States at the age of twenty to continue his higher education.[7] He got his Master's degree in Electrical engineering from the University of Louisville in 2005.[2][8]

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Germany

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. It is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; it covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), with a population of almost 84 million within its 16 constituent states. Germany borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation's capital and most populous city is Berlin and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Medicine

Medicine

Medicine is the science and practice of caring for a patient, managing the diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, treatment, palliation of their injury or disease, and promoting their health. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.

Beit Hanoun

Beit Hanoun

Beit Hanoun or Beit Hanun is a city on the northeast edge of the Gaza Strip. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 32,187 in mid-2006. It is administered by the Hamas administration. It is located by the Hanoun stream, just 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) away from the Israeli town of Sderot. After 19 Palestinian civilians died during shelling by the IDF in 2006, the United Nations appointed a fact-finding commission, to be led by Desmond Tutu, to investigate if the shelling constituted a war crime; but the investigation was cancelled due to the lack of Israeli cooperation.

Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a Palestinian exclave on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The smaller of the two Palestinian territories, it borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) and Israel on the east and north along a 51 km (32 mi) border. Together, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank make up the State of Palestine, while being under Israeli military occupation since 1967.

First Intifada

First Intifada

The First Intifada or First Palestinian Intifada, also known simply as the intifada or the intifadah, was a sustained series of protests and violent riots carried out by Palestinians in the Palestinian Territories and Israel. It was motivated by collective Palestinian frustration over Israel's military occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, as it approached a twenty-year mark, having begun after Israel's victory in the 1967 Arab–Israeli War. The uprising lasted from December 1987 until the Madrid Conference of 1991, though some date its conclusion to 1993, with the signing of the Oslo Accords.

Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It emerged as an identifiable occupation in the latter half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electrical power generation, distribution, and use.

University of Louisville

University of Louisville

The University of Louisville (UofL) is a public research university in Louisville, Kentucky. It is part of the Kentucky state university system. When founded in 1798, it was the first city-owned public university in the United States and one of the first universities chartered west of the Allegheny Mountains. The university is mandated by the Kentucky General Assembly to be a "Preeminent Metropolitan Research University". It enrolls students from 118 of 120 Kentucky counties, all 50 U.S. states, and 116 countries around the world.

Career

In 2012, Elbasyouni started working for a company that was working on electric aircraft. In 2014, the company became a contractor for NASA, and Elbasyouni became an electric and power electronics lead on the Mars helicopter team.[3] As of 2021, he works for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.[3][4] Elbasyouni was a member of the team that sent the Perseverance to Mars in March 2020 and a chief engineer in the design team of the Ingenuity robotic helicopter.[2][9][10]

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Electric aircraft

Electric aircraft

An electric aircraft is an aircraft powered by electricity. Electric aircraft are seen as a way to reduce the environmental effects of aviation, providing zero emissions and quieter flights. Electricity may be supplied by a variety of methods, the most common being batteries. Most have electric motors driving propellers or turbines.

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in the City of La Cañada Flintridge, California, United States.

Perseverance (rover)

Perseverance (rover)

Perseverance, nicknamed Percy, is a car-sized Mars rover designed to explore the Jezero crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars 2020 mission. It was manufactured by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and launched on July 30, 2020, at 11:50 UTC. Confirmation that the rover successfully landed on Mars was received on February 18, 2021, at 20:55 UTC. As of 28 January 2023, Perseverance has been active on Mars for 690 sols since its landing. Following the rover's arrival, NASA named the landing site Octavia E. Butler Landing.

Ingenuity (helicopter)

Ingenuity (helicopter)

Ingenuity, nicknamed Ginny, is a small robotic helicopter operating on Mars as part of NASA's Mars 2020 mission along with the Perseverance rover, which landed with Ingenuity attached to its underside on February 18, 2021. The helicopter was deployed to the surface on April 3, 2021, and on April 19 successfully made the first powered controlled extraterrestrial flight by an aircraft, taking off vertically, hovering and landing for a flight duration of 39.1 seconds. As of its 40th flight, on 19 January 2023, the helicopter had remained flightworthy for 640 days after its first flight. The 25th flight, which occurred on April 8, 2022, set new records for highest speed and distance traveled.

Personal life

He saw him family last time in Turkey when he attended his brothers wedding . Elbasyouni has not returned to Palestine since 2000, and last saw his family in 2011 in Germany, where they now reside.This was because of the unstable security circumstances in the Gaza strip,[7] and the restrictions on movement set by the Israeli and Egyptian authorities.[3] He lives in Los Angeles, California.[1][6][11][12]

Source: "Loay Elbasyouni", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loay_Elbasyouni.

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References
  1. ^ a b c Salah, Hanah (14 May 2021). "NASA engineer from Gaza following escalation with concern". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 2 February 2022. From his house in Los Angeles, California, he told Al-Monitor over Zoom about the historical accomplishment he achieved with the NASA team.
  2. ^ a b c Doğru, Islam (2 May 2021). "Palestinian engineer behiind helicopter flight on Mars". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e Agencies. "From Gaza to Mars: Palestinian engineer behind helicopter flight on red planet". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  4. ^ a b "2014-2019 on Ingenuity Mars Helicopter NASA-JPL". Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Palestinian behind Mars drone says visiting home is no small step". Aljazeera. 29 April 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  6. ^ a b Emily Webb (1 September 2021). "From Gaza to NASA A Space Odyssey" (Podcast). BBC Sounds. Event occurs at 19:23. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  7. ^ a b "UNRWA Honours NASA Engineer and Former School Student Loay Elbasyouni". UNRWA. 13 September 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  8. ^ Hinson, Holly (27 April 2021). "From UofL to Mars, alumnus finds passion in engineering". Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  9. ^ Ayyoub, Loureen (20 May 2021). "Gaza refugee designs first NASA helicopter to fly on Mars". Spectrum News. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Palestinian engineer behind helicopter flight on Mars". The Jerusalem Post. 2 May 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  11. ^ Abusidu EmAbusidu, Eman (19 April 2021). "NASA's Palestinian engineer gets ready to make history once again". Middle East Monitor. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  12. ^ Akram, Fares (30 April 2021). "Gazan behind Mars drone says visiting home is no small step". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 8 February 2022.

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