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List of post-nominal letters (Australia)

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This is a list of letters after people's names (otherwise referred to here as Post-nominal letters) that have been nominated by orders from government, and letters from Professional associations in Australia.

General conventions

In general, postnominals are arranged in the following sequence:[1]

  1. National honours, in their designated order of wearing,
  2. Queen's Counsel, Senior Counsel and Justice of the Peace,
  3. Degrees and diplomas, first grouped according to the corresponding Australian Qualifications Framework levels and ordered from lowest to highest, then in chronological order within those groups,[2]
  4. Fellowships then memberships of professional and academic bodies,
  5. Parliamentary and military designations.

Full-stops are not usually used in postnominals.[3]

Orders and decorations

Orders and decorations Post-nominal
Awarded since 6 Oct 1992 Awarded before 6 Oct 1992
Victoria Cross and Victoria Cross for Australia[4] VC VC[4]
George Cross[5] GC[6]
Cross of Valour[6] CV CV
Knight/Lady of the Garter KG/LG KG/LG
Knight/Lady of the Thistle KT/LT KT/LT
Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath GCB[5]
Order of Merit OM OM
Knight/Dame of the Order of Australia[7] AK/AD AK/AD
Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George[5] GCMG[5]
Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order GCVO GCVO
Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire[5] GBE
Companion of the Order of Australia AC AC
Companion of Honour CH[5]
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the Bath KCB/DCB[5]
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George KCMG/DCMG[5]
Knight/Dame Commander of the Royal Victorian Order KCVO/DCVO KCVO/DCVO
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire KBE/DBE[5]
Knight Bachelor[5] (NB: Confers title of "Sir" - no postnominals)
Officer of the Order of Australia AO AO
Companion of the Order of the Bath CB[5]
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George CMG[5]
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order CVO CVO
Commander of the Order of the British Empire CBE[5]
Star of Gallantry[6] SG SG
Star of Courage (Australia) SC SC
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order DSO[5]
Distinguished Service Cross (Australia)[6] DSC DSC
Member of the Order of Australia AM AM
Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order LVO LVO
Officer of the Order of the British Empire OBE[5]
Companion of the Imperial Service Order ISO[5]
Member of the Royal Victorian Order MVO MVO
Member of the Order of the British Empire MBE[5]
Conspicuous Service Cross (Australia) CSC CSC
Nursing Service Cross (Australia)[6] NSC NSC
Royal Red Cross (1st Class)(Member)[6] RRC[5]
Distinguished Service Cross (UK)[6] DSC[5]
Military Cross MC[5]
Distinguished Flying Cross (UK) DFC[5]
Air Force Cross (UK) AFC[5]
Royal Red Cross (2nd Class)(Associate)[6] ARRC[5]
Medal for Gallantry MG MG
Bravery Medal (Australia) BM BM
Distinguished Service Medal (Australia)[6] DSM DSM
Public Service Medal (Australia) PSM PSM
Australian Police Medal APM APM
Australian Fire Service Medal AFSM AFSM
Ambulance Service Medal (Australia) ASM ASM
Emergency Services Medal (Australia) ESM ESM
Australian Corrections Medal ACM
Australian Intelligence Medal AIM AIM
Medal of the Order of Australia OAM OAM
Order of St John Varies[8]
Distinguished Conduct Medal[6] DCM[5]
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal[6] CGM[5]
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying)[6] CGM[5]
George Medal GM[5]
Conspicuous Service Medal CSM CSM
Australian Antarctic Medal AAM AAM
Queen's Police Medal for Gallantry QPM[5]
Queen's Fire Service Medal for Gallantry QFSM[5]
Distinguished Service Medal (UK)[6] DSM[5]
Military Medal MM[5]
Distinguished Flying Medal DFM[5]
Air Force Medal AFM[5]
Sea Gallantry Medal SGM[5]
Queen's Gallantry Medal QGM[5]
Royal Victorian Medal RVM RVM
British Empire Medal BEM[5]
Queen's Police Medal for Distinguished Service QPM[5]
Queen's Fire Service Medal for Distinguished Service QFSM[5]
Reserve Force Decoration RFD RFD


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Australian Honours Order of Wearing

Australian Honours Order of Wearing

The Governor-General of Australia has, at irregular intervals, notified for general information the positioning of the wearing of Australian Orders, Decorations and Medals in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. The Order of Wearing Australian Honours and Awards was last published in 2007, and replaced the previous list published in 2002.

Order of Wearing of honours awarded prior to 6 October 1992

Order of Wearing of honours awarded prior to 6 October 1992

The Order of Wearing of Australian honours includes Imperial honours if they were awarded prior to 6 October 1992. Imperial honours awarded after 5 October 1992 are considered foreign.

George Cross

George Cross

The George Cross (GC) is the highest award bestowed by the British government for non-operational gallantry or gallantry not in the presence of an enemy. In the British honours system, the George Cross, since its introduction in 1940, has been equal in stature to the Victoria Cross, the highest military gallantry award. It is awarded "for acts of the greatest heroism or for most conspicuous courage in circumstance of extreme danger", not in the presence of the enemy, to members of the British armed forces and to British civilians. Posthumous awards have been allowed since it was instituted. It was previously awarded to residents of Commonwealth countries, most of which have since established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians including police, emergency services and merchant seamen. Many of the awards have been personally presented by the British monarch to recipients or, in the case of posthumous awards, to next of kin. The investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.

Cross of Valour (Australia)

Cross of Valour (Australia)

The Cross of Valour was established in 1975 as the highest Australian Bravery Award. The awards were established as part of the institution of the Australian Honours System. The Cross of Valour has been awarded to five Australian civilians and, although there has been no Australian military recipient, they would be eligible in situations where normal honours to the military do not apply.

Order of the Garter

Order of the Garter

The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III of England in 1348. It is the most senior order of knighthood in the British honours system, outranked in precedence only by the Victoria Cross and the George Cross. The Order of the Garter is dedicated to the image and arms of Saint George, England's patron saint.

Order of the Thistle

Order of the Thistle

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle is an order of chivalry associated with Scotland. The current version of the Order was founded in 1687 by King James VII of Scotland, who asserted that he was reviving an earlier Order. The Order consists of the Sovereign and sixteen Knights and Ladies, as well as certain "extra" knights. The Sovereign alone grants membership of the Order; they are not advised by the Government, as occurs with most other Orders.

Order of the Bath

Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the elaborate medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order". He did not revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.

Order of Merit

Order of Merit

The Order of Merit is an order of merit for the Commonwealth realms, recognising distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture. Established in 1902 by King Edward VII, admission into the order remains the personal gift of its Sovereign—currently Edward VII's great-great-grandson, Charles III—and is restricted to a maximum of 24 living recipients from the Commonwealth realms, plus a limited number of honorary members. While all members are awarded the right to use the post-nominal letters OM and wear the badge of the order, the Order of Merit's precedence among other honours differs between countries.

Order of Australia

Order of Australia

The Order of Australia is an honour that recognises Australian citizens and other persons for outstanding achievement and service. It was established on 14 February 1975 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, on the advice of the Australian Government. Before the establishment of the order, Australian citizens received British honours.

Order of St Michael and St George

Order of St Michael and St George

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince of Wales, while he was acting as prince regent for his father, King George III.

Royal Victorian Order

Royal Victorian Order

The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria. It recognises distinguished personal service to the British monarch, Canadian monarch, Australian monarch, or New Zealand monarch, members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy or senior representative of the monarch. The present monarch, King Charles III, is the sovereign of the order, the order's motto is Victoria, and its official day is 20 June. The order's chapel is the Savoy Chapel in London.

Order of the British Empire

Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of the order.

Academic awards

Degree and diploma abbreviations are defined by the conferring university and vary from one to another. Consult the awarding university for the approved abbreviation.

Some loose general rules and examples include:

Degree Post-nominal
Bachelor of "Speciality/Faculty" B"Speciality" e.g. BA, BSc, BCom, BBiosc, BE or BEng, BEd, BPharm, etc.
Bachelor of Medicine/Surgery e.g. MBBS, BMed, BMBS, MBChB
Bachelor of Laws LLB
Bachelor degree with Honours B"Speciality"(Hons)
Master of "Speciality/Faculty" M"Specialty" e.g. MA, MSc, MEd, MCom, etc.
Master of Business Administration MBA
Master of Cyber Security MCyberSec
Master of Cyber Security, Strategy and Diplomacy MCSSD
Master of Laws LLM
Master of Philosophy MPhil [discipline] – Note this can be a research-led master's in a range of subjects, not just philosophy (cf PhD)
Master of Research MRes. Another research master's degree.
Graduate Certificate in "Speciality/Faculty" GCert or GradCert e.g. GCertMkting
Postgraduate Diploma of "Speciality/Faculty" PGDip"Speciality" or PostGradDip"Speciality"
Graduate Diploma of "Speciality/Faculty" GDip"Speciality" or GradDip"Speciality" e.g. GDipMngt
Juris Doctor JD
Doctor of Medicine MD
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine DPM
Doctor of Medicine and Surgery MChD
Doctor of Philosophy PhD
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine DVM
Doctor of Psychology DPsych
Doctor of Business Administration DBA
Professional Doctorate of "Speciality/Faculty" D"speciality" or "Specialty"D e.g. EdD, MD
Fellowship in Music, Australia[13] FMusA
Licentiate in Music, Australia LMusA
Associate in Music, Australia AMusA
Professional Certificate of "Speciality/Faculty" ProfCert"Speciality" e.g. ProfCertDataSc

Discover more about Academic awards related topics

Professional

Fellowship, Membership and Associate Membership of Professional Institutions.

Organisation Award Post-nominal
Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia Fellow FASSA
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Fellow[14] FACS
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Honorary Life Member HLM
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Senior Member[14] MACS (Snr)
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Member[14] MACS
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Associate[14] AACS
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Certified Professional[14][15] CP
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Certified Professional (Cyber Security)[14][15] CP (CyberSecurity)

or CP (CyberSec)

ACS (Australian Computer Society) Certified Professional (Safety Critical Systems)[14][15] CP (SCS)
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Certified Technologist[14][15] CT
ACS (Australian Computer Society) Certified Technologist (Cyber Security)[14][15] CT (CyberSecurity)

or CT (CyberSec)

ACS (Australian Computer Society) International Professional Practice Partnership (Professional)[16][15] IP3P
Astronomical Society of Australia Fellow FASA
Astronomical Society of Australia Member MASA
Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Life Fellow ANZAM-L
Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Fellow ANZAM-F
Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Professional Member ANZAM-M
Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management ANZAM-R
Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Associate Member ANZAM-A
Australasian College for Emergency Medicine Fellow FACEM
Australasian College for Emergency Medicine Emergency Medicine Diploma EMDip(ACEM)
Australasian College for Emergency Medicine Emergency Medicine Certificate EMCert(ACEM)
Australasian College of Health Service Management (ACHSM)[17] Member MCHSM
Australasian College of Health Service Management (ACHSM)[17] Associate Fellow AFCHSM
Australasian College of Health Service Management (ACHSM)[17] Fellow FCHSM
Australasian College of Paramedicine[18] Member MACPara
Australasian College of Paramedicine[18] Life Member LMACpara
Australasian College of Paramedicine[18] Fellow FACPara
Australasian College of Road Safety (ACRS) Fellow FACRS
Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians[19] Fellow FACSEP
Australasian College of Tropical Medicine[20] Fellow FACTM
Australasian Institute of Digital Health Associate Fellow AFAIDH
Australasian Institute of Digital Health Fellow FAIDH
Australasian Institute of Emergency Services[21] Member MAIES
Australasian Institute of Emergency Services Associate Fellow AFAIES
Australasian Institute of Emergency Services Fellow FAIES
Australasian Institute of Emergency Services Honorary Fellow HFAIES
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Fellow FAIMS[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Clinical Scientist) CSAIMS[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Research) MAIMS (Research) or MAIMS[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Multidiscipline) MAIMS[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Anatomical Pathology) MAIMS (Anatomical Pathology)[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Chemical Pathology) MAIMS (Chemical Pathology)[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Haematology) MAIMS (Haematology)[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Immunopathology) MAIMS (Immunopathology)[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Medical Microbiology) MAIMS (Medical Microbiology)[22]
Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists (AIMS) Member (Transfusion Science) MAIMS (Transfusion Science)[22]
Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) Honorary Fellow HonFAusIMM
Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) Fellow FAusIMM
Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) Member MAusIMM
Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) Associate member AAusIMM
Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) Graduate member GAusIMM
Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) Student member SAusIMM
Australasian Sonographers Association (ASA) Fellow FASA
Australasian Sonographers Association (ASA) Associate Fellow AFASA
Australian Academy of Health and Medical Sciences Fellow FAHMS
Australian Academy of the Humanities Fellow FAHA
Australian Academy of Law Fellow FAAL
Australian Academy of Science Fellow FAA
Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering Fellow FTSE
Australian Acoustical Society Fellow [1] FAAS
Australian Acoustical Society Member [2] MAAS
Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists Fellow FANZCA
Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists Fellow of the Faculty of Pain Medicine FFPMANZCA
Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists Fellow FANZCVS
Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists Member MANZCVS
Australian and New Zealand Institute of Insurance and Finance[23] Fellow ANZIIF (Fellow) CIP
Australian and New Zealand Institute of Insurance and Finance[23] Senior Associate ANZIIF (Snr Assoc) CIP
Australian and New Zealand Institute of Insurance and Finance[23] Associate ANZIIF (Assoc) CIP
Australian and New Zealand Institute of Insurance and Finance[23] Affiliate ANZIIF (Aff) CIP
Australian and New Zealand Society for Mass Spectrometry Fellow FANZSMS
Australian Association of Consultant Pharmacy Accredited Associate AACPA
Australian Association of Social Workers Member MAASW
Australian Cinematographers Society Member ACS
Australian College of Educators Fellow FACE
Australian College of Educators Member MACE
Australian College of Mental Health Nursing[24] Fellow FACMHN
Australian College of Mental Health Nursing[24] Member MACMHN
Australian College of Mental Health Nursing[24] Credentialed Mental Health Nurse CMHN
Australian College of Nursing Distinguished Life Fellow FACN(DLF)
Australian College of Nursing Honorary Fellow FACN(Hon)
Australian College of Nursing Fellow FACN
Australian College of Nursing Member MACN
Australian College of Nursing Associate MACN(Assoc)
Australian College of Nursing Student Member MACN(Student)
Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine Fellow FACRRM
Australian College of Pharmacy Fellow FACP
Australian College of Pharmacy Fellow - Honoris Causa FACP (HC)
Australian College of Pharmacy Associate Fellow AFACP
Australian College of Pharmacy Member MACP
Australian Council for Educational Leaders Fellow FACEL
Australian Council for Educational Leaders Member MACEL
Australian Culinary Federation[25] Member (Qualified Chef) MACF
Australian Culinary Federation Fellow (Qualified Chef) FACF
Australian Graduate School of Leadership Certified Leadership Practitioner Associate ACLP
Australian Graduate School of Leadership Certified Leadership Practitioner Member MCLP
Australian Graduate School of Leadership Certified Leadership Practitioner Senior Member SCLP
Australian Graduate School of Leadership Certified Leadership Practitioner Fellow FCLP
Australian Graduate School of Leadership Certified Leadership Practitioner Life Fellow LCLP
Australian Human Resources Institute Fellow Certified Practitioner Human Resources FCPHR
Australian Human Resources Institute Certified Practitioner Human Resources CPHR
Australian Human Resources Institute Fellow Certified Academic Human Resources FCAHR
Australian Human Resources Institute Certified Academic Human Resources CAHR
Australian Human Resources Institute Academic Member Australian Human Resources Institute AMAHRI
Australian Human Resources Institute Fellow Member Australian Human Resources Institute FAHRI
Australian Human Resources Institute Professional Member Australian Human Resources Institute MAHRI
Australian Human Resources Institute Graduate Member Australian Human Resources Institute GAHRI
Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Materials[26] Professional Member PMAICCM
Australian Institute of Architects Life Fellow LFRAIA
Australian Institute of Architects Fellow FRAIA
Australian Institute of Architects Registered Architect RAIA
Australian Institute of Architects Affiliate Member Affiliate RAIA
Australian Institute of Architects Graduate of Architecture RAIA (Grad)
Australian Institute of Building Fellow FAIB
Australian Institute of Building Member MAIB
Australian Institute of Building Affiliate Member Affil.AIB
Australian Institute of Building Associate Member AMAIB
Australian Institute of Building Graduate Member GradAIB
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Professional Accredited Member PAMAIBS
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Accredited Member AMAIBS
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Member MAIBS
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Fellow FAIBS
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Life Fellow LFAIBS
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Student Member AIBS (Student)
Australian Institute of Building Surveyors Honorary Fellow Member AIBS (Hon Fellow)
Australian Institute of Company Directors Life Fellow FAICDlife
Australian Institute of Company Directors Fellow FAICD
Australian Institute of Company Directors Graduate Member GAICD
Australian Institute of Company Directors Member MAICD
Australian Institute of Credit Management[27] Certified Credit Executive CCE
Australian Institute of Health and Safety Certified Occupational Health and Safety Professional COHSPROF
Australian Institute of Office Professionals[28] Fellow FAIOP
Australian Institute of Office Professionals Associate Fellow AFAIOP
Australian Institute of Office Professionals Member MAIOP
Australian Institute of Office Professionals Honourary Life Member HLMAIOP
Australian Institute of Physics Fellow FAIP
Australian Institute of Physics Member MAIP
Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) Certified Practising Portfolio Executive CPPE
Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) Certified Practising Portfolio Director CPPD
Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) Certified Practising Senior Project Manager CPSPM
Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) Certified Practising Project Manager CPPM
Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) Certified Practising Project Practitioner CPPP
Australian Institute of Training & Development (AITD) Fellow FAITD
Australian Institute of Training & Development (AITD) Associate Fellow AFAITD
Australian KnifeMakers Guild (AKG) Member MAKG
Australian Library and Information Association[29] Associate Certified Professional AALIA (CP)
Australian Library and Information Association[29] Associate AALIA
Australian Library and Information Association[29] Library Technician Certified Professional ALIATec (CP)
Australian Library and Information Association[29] Library Technician ALIATec
Australian Marketing Institute Fellow FAMI
Australian Marketing Institute Associate Fellow AFAMI
Australian Marketing Institute Associate Member AMAMI
Australian Marketing Institute Certified Practising Marketer CPM[30]
Australian Mathematics Society Fellow FAustMS
Australian Mathematics Society Graduate Member GAustMS
Australian Mathematics Society Member MAustMS
Australian Medical Association Member AMA(M)
Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Fellow FAMOS
Australian Orthopaedic Association Fellow FAOrthA
Australian Property Institute Life Fellow LFAPI
Australian Property Institute Fellow FAPIf
Australian Property Institute Associate Member AAPI
Australian Property Institute Provisional Member API (Provisional)
Australian Property Institute Graduate Member API (Graduate)
Australian Property Institute Student Member API (Student)
Australian Psychological Society Honorary Fellow Hon FAPS
Australian Psychological Society Fellow FAPS
Australian Psychological Society Member MAPS
Australian Psychological Society Associate Member Assoc MAPS
Australian Reconstructing Insolvency & Turnaround Association (ARITA) Fellow RITF
Australian Reconstructing Insolvency & Turnaround Association (ARITA) Member RITP
Australian Society of Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy Member MASMIRT
Australian Society of Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy Fellow FASMIRT
Australian Veterinary Association Fellow FAVA
Certified Independent Financial Adviser Member MCIFAA
Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand Fellow FCA
Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand Member CA
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Australia Fellow FCILT
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Australia Chartered Member CMILT
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Australia Member MILT
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Australia Certified Passenger Professional CPP[30]
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Australia Certified Practicing Logistician CPL[30]
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Australia Certified Transport Planner CTP[30]
Christian Educators Professional Association Member MCEPA
College of Intensive Care Medicine Fellow FCICM
College of Intensive Care Medicine Fellow of the Joint Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine (historical) FJFICM
CPA Australia (Certified Practicing Accountants) Fellow FCPA
CPA Australia (Certified Practicing Accountants) Member CPA
CPA Australia (Certified Practicing Accountants) Associate ASA
Economics Society of Australia Professional Member PMESA
Economics Society of Australia Senior Fellow SFESA
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Honorary Fellow Hon FIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Fellow FIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Member MIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Graduate Member GradIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Executive EngExec[30]
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Chartered Professional Engineer CPEng[30]
Engineers Australia (IEAust) International Professional Engineer (Australia) IntPE(Aus)[30]
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Honorary Engineering Technologist Hon TFIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Technologist Fellow TFIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Technologist Member TMIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Technologist Graduate Member GradTIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Chartered Engineering Technologist CEngT[30]
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Honorary Engineering Associate Fellow Hon AFIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Associate Fellow AFIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Associate Member AMIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Associate Graduate Member GradAIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Chartered Engineering Associate CEngA[30]
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Honorary Engineering Officer Fellow Hon OFIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Officer Fellow OFIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Officer Member OMIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Engineering Officer Graduate Member GradOIEAust
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Chartered Engineering Officer CEngO[30]
Engineers Australia (IEAust) Student StudIEAust
Asset Management Council Certified Associate in Asset Management CAAM[31]
Asset Management Council Certified Practitioner in Asset Management CPAM[31]
Asset Management Council Certified Senior Practitioner in Asset Management CSAM[31]
Asset Management Council Certified Fellow in Asset Management CFAM[31]
Asset Management Council Certified Asset Management Assessor CAMA[32]
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] Fellow FEIANZ
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] Member MEIANZ
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] Certified Environmental Practitioner CEnvP[34][30]
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] CEnvP Ecology Specialist CEnvP (Ecology Specialist)[34][30]
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] CEnvP Impact Assessment Specialist CEnvP (IA Specialist)[34][30]
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] CEnvP Climate Change Specialist CEnvP (CC Specialist)[34][30]
Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand[33] CEnvP Contaminated Land Specialist CEnvP (CL Specialist)[34][30]
Exercise and Sports Science Australia[35] Accredited Exercise Scientist AES[36][30]
Exercise and Sports Science Australia[35] Accredited Exercise Physiologist AEP[37][30]
Exercise and Sports Science Australia[35] Accredited Sports Scientist Level 1 ASpS1[38][30]
Exercise and Sports Science Australia[35] Accredited Sports Scientist Level 2 ASpS2[38][30]
Exercise and Sports Science Australia[35] Accredited High Performance Manager AHPM[39][30]
Federation of Australian Historical Societies Fellow FFAHS
Financial Planning Association of Australia Certified Financial Planner CFP
Financial Planning Association of Australia Associate Member AFP
Financial Services Institute of Australasia (FINSIA) Senior Fellow[40] SF FIN
Financial Services Institute of Australasia (FINSIA) Fellow F FIN
Financial Services Institute of Australasia (FINSIA) Chartered Banker[41] Chartered Banker
Financial Services Institute of Australasia (FINSIA) Senior Associate Member SA FIN
Financial Services Institute of Australasia (FINSIA) Associate Member A FIN
Gemmological Association of Australia Fellow FGAA
Global Communication Certification Council[42] Communication Management Professional CMP
Global Communication Certification Council[42] Strategic Communication Management Professional SCMP
Governance Institute of Australia Fellow FGIA
Governance Institute of Australia Associate AGIA
Governance Institute of Australia Certificated member GIA(Cert)
Australasian Institute of Digital Health[43] Certified Health Informatician Australia CHIA
Human Genetics Society of Australasia Fellow FHGSA
Human Genetics Society of Australasia Member MHGSA
Independent Tertiary Education Council Australia (ITECA)[44] Certified Education Professional CEP
Independent Tertiary Education Council Australia (ITECA)[44] Certified Education Manager CEM
Institute of Actuaries of Australia[45] Associate AIAA
Institute of Actuaries of Australia[46] Fellow FIAA
Institute of Certified Management Accountants Certified Management Accountant CMA
Institute of Certified Management Accountants Certified Global Business Analyst CGBA
Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers Fellow FICS
Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers Member MICS
Institute of Community Directors Australia[47] Associate Member AMICDA
Institute of Community Directors Australia[48] Fellow FICDA
Institute of Community Directors Australia[48] Member MICDA
Institute of Foresters of Australia (IFA)[49] Member MIFA
Institute of Foresters of Australia (IFA)[49] Fellow FIFA
Institute of Foresters of Australia (IFA)[49] Registered Professional Forester RPF[30]
Institute of Management Consultants (IMC Australia[50]) Associate Member AIMC
Institute of Management Consultants (IMC Australia[50]) Full Member MIMC
Institute of Management Consultants (IMC Australia[50]) Fellow Member FIMC
Institute of Management Consultants (IMC Australia[50]) Certified Management Consultant CMC
Institute of Managers and Leaders Australia and New Zealand Affiliate IMLa
Institute of Managers and Leaders Australia and New Zealand Member MIML
Institute of Managers and Leaders Australia and New Zealand Associate Fellow AFIML
Institute of Managers and Leaders Australia and New Zealand Fellow FIML
Institute of Managers and Leaders Australia and New Zealand Chartered Manager CMgr
Institute of Professional Editors (IPEd)[51] Accredited Editor AE
Institute of Professional Editors (IPEd)[51] Distinguished Editor DE
Institute of Public Accountants[52] Fellow FIPA
Institute of Public Accountants[52] Member MIPA
Institute of Public Accountants[52] Associate AIPA
Institute of Public Administration Australia Member MIPAA
Institute of Public Administration Australia National Fellow FIPAA
Institute of Public Administration Australia Fellow IPPA, Victoria FIPAA (VIC)
Institute of Public Administration Australia Fellow IPPA, Western Australia FIPAA (WA)
New South Wales Operating Theatre Association Member MNSWOTA
Pharmacy Guild of Australia Member PGAM
Planning Institute Australia Student Member PIA (Assoc.)
Planning Institute Australia Graduate Member PIA (Assoc.)
Planning Institute Australia Affiliate Member PIA (Assoc.)
Planning Institute Australia Full Member MPIA
Planning Institute Australia Registered Planner RPIA
Planning Institute Australia Fellow MPIA (Fellow)
Planning Institute Australia Registered Planner (Fellow) RPIA (Fellow)
Planning Institute Australia Life Fellow MPIA (Life Fellow)
Planning Institute Australia Registered Planner (Life Fellow) RPIA (Life Fellow)
Planning Institute Australia Honorary Fellow PIA (Hon Fellow)
Public Relations Institute of Australia Fellow FPRIA
Public Relations Institute of Australia Life Fellow LFPRIA
Public Relations Institute of Australia Member MPRIA
Public Relations Institute of Australia Associate APRIA
Professionals Australia Registered Professional Engineer RPEng
Queensland Law Society Member MQLS
Risk Management Institute of Austalasia Member MRMIA
Risk Management Institute of Austalasia Certified Practising Risk Associate RMIA CPRA
Risk Management Institute of Austalasia Certified Practising Risk Manager RMIA CPRM
Risk Management Institute of Austalasia Certified Chief Risk Officer RMIA CCRO
Risk Management Institute of Austalasia RMIA Certificate IV in Integrated Risk Management RMIA Cert IV IRM
Risk Management Institute of Austalasia RMIA Diploma of Integrated Risk Management RMIA Dip IRM
Royal Aeronautical Society Member MRAes
Royal Aeronautical Society Fellow FRAes
Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons Fellow FRACDS
Royal Australasian College of Medical Administrators Fellow FRACMA
Royal Australasian College of Medical Administrators Associate Fellow AFRACMA
Royal Australasian College of Physicians Fellow FRACP
Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Fellow FRACS
Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Fellow FRACGP
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Fellow FRANZCOG
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Diplomate DRANZCOG
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Diplomate (historical) DipRANZCOG
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists Fellow FRANZCO
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists Fellow FRANZCP
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists Fellow FRANZCR
Royal Australian Chemical Institute Fellow FRACI
Royal Australian Chemical Institute Member MRACI
Royal Australian Chemical Institute Chartered Chemist CChem[30]
Royal Australian Historical Society Fellow FRAHS
Royal College of Nursing Australia Fellow (historical) FRCNA
Royal College of Nursing Australia Member (historical) MRCNA
Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Fellow FRCPA
Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Fellow of the Faculty of Oral Pathologists FFOP
Royal Historical Society of Victoria Fellow FRHSV
Royal Society of New South Wales[53] Distinguished Fellow Dist FRSN
Royal Society of New South Wales Fellow FRSN
Royal Society of New South Wales Member MRSN
Royal Society of Victoria Fellow FRSV
Royal Society of Victoria Member MRSV
Royal Society of Western Australia Member MRSWA
Royal Victorian Association of Honorary Justices Fellow FRAVHJ
Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Fellow FRZSNSW
Safety Governance Institute Member SGIM
School Counselling and Psychology Association New South Wales[54] Member MSCPA
School Counselling and Psychology Association New South Wales Associate Member AssocMSCPA
Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners[55] Full Member TEP
Speech Pathology Australia Member MSPA
Speech Pathology Australia Certified Practising Speech Pathologist CPSP
Tax Institute (Australia) Fellow FTI
Tax Institute (Australia) Associate Member ATI
Tax Institute (Australia) Chartered Tax Adviser Member CTA
The Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering[56] Fellow FTWC
The Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering[56] Companion CTWC
The Winston Churchill Memorial Trust Churchill Fellow CF

Discover more about Professional related topics

Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia

Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia

The Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) is an independent, non-governmental organisation devoted to the advancement of knowledge and research in the social sciences. It has its origins in the Social Science Research Council of Australia, founded in 1942.

Australian Computer Society

Australian Computer Society

The Australian Computer Society (ACS) is an association for information and communications technology professionals with over 48,000 members Australia-wide. According to its Constitution, its objectives are "to advance professional excellence in information technology" and "to promote the development of Australian information and communications technology resources".

Astronomical Society of Australia

Astronomical Society of Australia

The Astronomical Society of Australia (ASA) is the professional body representing astronomers in Australia. Established in 1966, it is incorporated in the Australian Capital Territory. Membership of the ASA is open to people "capable of contributing to the advancement of astronomy or a closely related field". This means that the members are mainly active professional astronomers and postgraduate students. Some retired astronomers and distinguished amateur astronomers are also members, and several organisations are corporate members of the society. The ASA currently has around 600 members. It publishes a peer-reviewed journal, Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia.

Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management

Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management

Founded in 1985, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management (ANZAM) is a professional body representing management educators, practitioners, and researchers in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ).

Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM), based in Melbourne Australia, is the primary training body for specialist emergency physicians in Australia and New Zealand. The college is recognised by the Australian Medical Council and Medical Council of New Zealand as such and provides services for approximately 2700 Fellows and 2600 Trainees.

Other Offices

Legislators
  Member of the Australian House of Representatives MP
  Member of Parliament (Qld) MP
  Member of the Legislative Assembly (NSW) MP
  Member of the Legislative Assembly (Vic, WA, ACT) MLA
  Member of the Legislative Council (NSW, SA, Tas, Vic, WA) MLC
  Member of the House of Assembly (SA) MHA
  Member of the House of Assembly (Tas) MP
Vice-Regal
  Aide-de-Camp to the Governor-General or State Governor ADC[57]
Service
  Officer of the Royal Australian Navy RAN[57]
  Recipient of Her Majesty The Queen's Gold Medal QM[58]
  Graduate of the Command and Staff College psc[57]
Graduate of the Command and Staff College (Reserve) psc(r)
  Graduate Australian Technical Staff Officer's Course 1992–2008 qtc[59]
  Graduate Capability Technology Management College CTMC[60]
  Approved Retired ADF Officers (Retd)[57]

Australian Army Corps abbreviations (RAAC, RAE, RAInf etc) are not recognised as postnominals[57] although they are occasionally seen.

Discover more about Other Offices related topics

Australian House of Representatives

Australian House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the upper house being the Senate. Its composition and powers are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia.

Parliaments of the Australian states and territories

Parliaments of the Australian states and territories

The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Legislative Assembly of Queensland

Legislative Assembly of Queensland

The Legislative Assembly of Queensland is the sole chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland established under the Constitution of Queensland. Elections are held every four years and are done by full preferential voting. The Assembly has 93 members, who have used the letters MP after their names since 2000.

New South Wales Legislative Assembly

New South Wales Legislative Assembly

The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is the lower of the two houses of the Parliament of New South Wales, an Australian state. The upper house is the New South Wales Legislative Council. Both the Assembly and Council sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. The Assembly is presided over by the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

New South Wales

New South Wales

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Coral and Tasman Seas to the east. The Australian Capital Territory and Jervis Bay Territory are enclaves within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2021, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.3 million, live in the Greater Sydney area.

Victorian Legislative Assembly

Victorian Legislative Assembly

The Victorian Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Victoria in Australia; the upper house being the Victorian Legislative Council. Both houses sit at Parliament House in Spring Street, Melbourne.

Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly

Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly

The Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory is the unicameral legislature of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). It sits in the Legislative Assembly Building on Civic Square, close to the centre of the city of Canberra.

New South Wales Legislative Council

New South Wales Legislative Council

The New South Wales Legislative Council, often referred to as the upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. The other is the Legislative Assembly. Both sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. It is normal for legislation to be first deliberated on and passed by the Legislative Assembly before being considered by the Legislative Council, which acts in the main as a house of review.

South Australian Legislative Council

South Australian Legislative Council

The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. Its central purpose is to act as a house of review for legislation passed through the lower house, the House of Assembly. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Adelaide.

Tasmanian Legislative Council

Tasmanian Legislative Council

The Tasmanian Legislative Council is the upper house of the Parliament of Tasmania in Australia. It is one of the two chambers of the Parliament, the other being the House of Assembly. Both houses sit in Parliament House in the state capital, Hobart. Members of the Legislative Council are often referred to as MLCs.

South Australian House of Assembly

South Australian House of Assembly

The House of Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. The other is the Legislative Council. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Adelaide.

Tasmanian House of Assembly

Tasmanian House of Assembly

The House of Assembly, or Lower House, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Tasmania in Australia. The other is the Legislative Council or Upper House. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Hobart.

Source: "List of post-nominal letters (Australia)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_post-nominal_letters_(Australia).

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Notes
  1. ^ UTS Publication Style guide, with minor input from other sources not listed. http://www.gsu.uts.edu.au/publications/styleguide/names.html
  2. ^ "Letters after your name (post nominals)". www.acu.edu.au. Australian Catholic University. Retrieved 20 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ http://www.gsu.uts.edu.au/publications/styleguide/names.html. http://www.kaplanprofessional.edu.au/faqs/using-post-nominals/
  4. ^ a b Refers to both the Imperial Victoria Cross and the Victoria Cross for Australia. Awarding of the Imperial Victoria Cross to Australian citizens ended when the Victoria Cross for Australia was created as part of the Australian Honours System in 1991.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al These are Imperial awards. All Imperial awards made to Australian citizens after 5 October 1992 are classed as foreign awards, and hence such Australian citizens are not entitled to use the associated post-nominal letters. (Those who were presented with these awards before that date are still permitted to use the post-nominal letters.)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m In the period 1975-1991, for Australian citizens and ADF personnel, a number of Imperial awards were replaced by Australian awards noted in the table below.
    Date Group Imperial award Australian award
    1975 citizens George Cross (GC) Cross of Valour (Australia) (CV)
    18 Oct 1989 citizens Royal Red Cross (RRC & ARRC) Nursing Service Cross (Australia) (NSC)
    1991 ADF Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)
    Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (CGM)
    Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
    Star of Gallantry (SG)
    Distinguished Service Cross (Australia) (DSC)
  7. ^ Provision for further awards at the Knight & Dame level within the Order of Australia was removed by Her Majesty The Queen on 3 March 1986 on the advice of the Prime Minister. Those who have been awarded this rank are still permitted to use the title and the post-nominal letters.
  8. ^ Post-nominals within the Order of St John are not recognised as notified in the Governor-General's media release of 14 August 1982.
  9. ^ Duties of Justices of the Peace (Qualified) Handbook 4.1 (13)
  10. ^ Duties of Justices of the Peace (Qualified) Handbook 4.1 (13)
  11. ^ Duties of Justices of the Peace (Qualified) Handbook 4.1 (13)
  12. ^ Duties of Justices of the Peace (Qualified) Handbook 4.1 (13)
  13. ^ Manger, Tim P. "AMEB Grades & Exams - Piano". Australian Music Examinations Board (AMEB). Archived from the original on 18 November 2015.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i ACS membership post-nominals may be followed by a further post-nominal indicating the member's professional certification status
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Get ACS Certified". www.acs.org.au. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Professional IT Standards – IFIP International Professional Practice Partnership (IP3)". Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  17. ^ a b c "Membership categories". www.achsm.org.au. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  18. ^ a b c "The Australasian College of Paramedicine". paramedics.org. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  19. ^ Australasian College of Sport & Exercise Physicians, www.acsep.org.au
  20. ^ Australasian College of Tropical Medicine, www.tropmed.org
  21. ^ "Australasian Institute of Emergency Services" (PDF).
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists - By-laws". Australian Institute of Medical and Clinical Scientists. 16 May 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. ^ a b c d Australian and New Zealand Institute of Insurance and Finance
  24. ^ a b c Australasian College of Mental Health Nurses, https://www.acmhn.org/
  25. ^ "Australian Culinary Federation". austculinary.com.au. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  26. ^ Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Materials, aiccm.org.au
  27. ^ Australian Institute of Credit Management, aicm.com.au
  28. ^ Australian Institute of Office Professionals, aiop.com.au
  29. ^ a b c d Membership, Australian Library and Information Association.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v These post-nominals reflect current professional accreditation by a professional body and involve a continuing professional development requirement monitored by the awarding body. They operate independently of post-nominals conferred by membership of the organisation at various grades. For example, a Fellow of CILT with CPL accreditation would use the post-nominals FCILT, CPL. If upon retirement the individual chose to keep up membership of CILT, they would use the post-nominal FCILT alone as they would no longer meet the continuing professional development requirements for CPL.
  31. ^ a b c d "Become Certified in Asset Management - Asset Management Council". www.amcouncil.com.au. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  32. ^ Madeleine. "Certified Asset Management Assessor (CAMA)". www.amcouncil.com.au. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand, www.eianz.org
  34. ^ a b c d e Certified Environmental Practitioner, www.cenvp.org
  35. ^ a b c d e Exercise and Sports Science Australia
  36. ^ "Accredited Exercise Scientist". www.essa.org.au. Exercise and Sports Science Australia. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  37. ^ "Accredited Exercise Physiologist". www.essa.org.au. Exercise and Sports Science Australia. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  38. ^ a b "Sports Science Accreditation". www.essa.org.au. Exercise and Sports Science Australia. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  39. ^ "High Performance Accreditation". www.essa.org.au. Exercise and Sports Science Australia. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  40. ^ "Membership".
  41. ^ FINSIA Chartered Banker status is conferred in association with the Chartered Banker Institute (UK)
  42. ^ a b Global Communication Certification Council, gcccouncil.org
  43. ^ Australasian Institute of Digital Health, www.digitalhealth.org.au
  44. ^ a b "ITECA College – Accreditation Levels". www.iteca.edu.au. Independent Tertiary Education Council Australia. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  45. ^ "Becoming an Associate | Actuaries Institute". Actuaries Institute. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  46. ^ "Becoming a Fellow | Actuaries Institute". Actuaries Institute. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  47. ^ "Subscribe - Institute of Community Directors Australia". www.communitydirectors.com.au. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  48. ^ a b "Qualifications and post-nominals". www.communitydirectors.com.au. Institute of Community Directors Australia. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  49. ^ a b c Institute of Foresters of Australia, www.forestry.org.au
  50. ^ a b c d "Institute of Management Consultants". www.imc.org.au. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  51. ^ a b "About editing | Institute of Professional Editors Ltd". Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  52. ^ a b c Institute of Public Accountants (formerly the National Institute of Accountants)
  53. ^ Membership of the Society, The Royal Society of NSW.
  54. ^ "Home". scpansw.org.au.
  55. ^ https://www.step.org/qualifications/qualifications-membership-framework STEP Membership Framework
  56. ^ a b The Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering, www.thewarrencentre.org.au
  57. ^ a b c d e Army Protocol Manual, "Defence Publishing Service", 1999. Retrieved 24 Jun 2010
  58. ^ King and Queen's Gold Medal, "Royal Australian Navy", 2019. Retrieved 01 Aug 2019
  59. ^ The Evolution of the Australian Defence College – Leading Defence Learning - 2013. Department of Defence. 2013. pp. 10 and 11.
  60. ^ The Evolution of the Australian Defence College – Leading Defence Learning - 2013. Department of Defence. 2013. pp. 10 and 11.
See also

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