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List of World Heritage in Danger

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Countries with World Heritage Sites in danger. Number of sites indicated by colour:.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key>ol{margin-left:1.3em;margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key>ul{margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key li{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}@media(min-width:300px){.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key,.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key-wide{column-count:2}.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key-narrow{column-count:1}}@media(min-width:450px){.mw-parser-output .thumb .image-key-wide{column-count:3}}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Six or more sites  Five sites  Four sites  Three sites  Two sites  One site
Countries with World Heritage Sites in danger. Number of sites indicated by colour:
  •   Six or more sites
  •   Five sites
  •   Four sites
  •   Three sites
  •   Two sites
  •   One site
The Church of the Nativity, traditionally thought to be the birthplace of Jesus, is one of several sites to have been designated as a World Heritage Site and World Heritage in Danger in the same year. In 2019 it was removed from the danger list.
The Church of the Nativity, traditionally thought to be the birthplace of Jesus, is one of several sites to have been designated as a World Heritage Site and World Heritage in Danger in the same year. In 2019 it was removed from the danger list.

The List of World Heritage in Danger is compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) through the World Heritage Committee according to Article 11.4 of the World Heritage Convention,[nb 1] which was established in 1972 to designate and manage World Heritage Sites. Entries in the list are threatened World Heritage Sites for the conservation of which major operations are required and for which "assistance has been requested".[1] The list is intended to increase international awareness of the threats and to encourage counteractive measures.[2] Threats to a site can be either proven imminent threats or potential dangers that could have adverse effects on a site.

In the case of natural sites, ascertained dangers include the serious decline in the population of an endangered or other valuable species or the deterioration of natural beauty or scientific value of a property caused by human activities such as logging, pollution, settlement, mining, agriculture and major public works. Ascertained dangers for cultural properties include serious deterioration of materials, structure, ornaments or architectural coherence and the loss of historical authenticity or cultural significance. Potential dangers for both cultural and natural sites include development projects, armed conflicts, insufficient management systems or changes in the legal protective status of the properties. In the case of cultural sites, gradual changes due to geology, climate or environment can also be potential dangers.[3]

Before a property is inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger, its condition is assessed and a potential programme for corrective measures is developed in cooperation with the State Party involved. The final decision about inscription is made by the committee. Financial support from the World Heritage Fund may be allocated by the committee for listed properties. The state of conservation is reviewed on a yearly basis, after which the committee may request additional measures, delete the property from the list if the threats have ceased or consider deletion from both the List of World Heritage in Danger and the World Heritage List.[3] Of the three former UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Dresden Elbe Valley and the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City were delisted after placement on the List of World Heritage in Danger while the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary was directly delisted.[4][5] Some sites have been designated as World Heritage Sites and World Heritage in Danger in the same year, such as the Church of the Nativity, traditionally considered to be the birthplace of Jesus.

In some cases, danger listing has sparked conservation efforts and prompted the release of funds, resulting in a positive development for sites such as the Galápagos Islands and Yellowstone National Park, both of which have subsequently been removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger. Despite this, the list itself and UNESCO's implementation of it have been the focus of criticism.[6][7] In particular, States Parties and other stakeholders of World Heritage Sites have questioned the authority of the Committee to declare a site in danger without their consent.[8] Until 1992, when UNESCO set a precedent by placing several sites on the danger list against their wishes, States Parties would have submitted a programme of corrective measures before a site could be listed.[9] Instead of being used as intended, the List of World Heritage in Danger is perceived by some states as a black list and according to Christina Cameron, Professor at the School of Architecture, Canada Research Chair on Built Heritage, University of Montreal, has been used as political tool to get the attention of States Parties.[10][11] The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) notes that UNESCO has referenced the List of World Heritage in Danger (without actually listing the site) in a number of cases where the threat could be easily addressed by the State Party.[12] The Union also argues that keeping a site listed as endangered over a long period is questionable and that other mechanisms for conservation should be sought in these cases.[13]

As of July 2019, there are 53 entries (17 natural, 36 cultural) on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Arranged by the UNESCO regions, 21 of the listed sites are located in the Arab States (of which 6 are located in Syria and 5 in Libya), 16 in Africa (of which 5 are in the Democratic Republic of the Congo), 6 in Latin America and the Caribbean, 6 in Asia and the Pacific, and 4 in Europe and North America. The majority of the endangered natural sites (12) are located in Africa.[14][15]

Discover more about List of World Heritage in Danger related topics

United Nations

United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization whose stated purposes are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the world's largest and most familiar international organization. The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City, and has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague.

UNESCO

UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, arts, sciences and culture. It has 193 member states and 12 associate members, as well as partners in the non-governmental, intergovernmental and private sector. Headquartered at the World Heritage Centre in Paris, France, UNESCO has 53 regional field offices and 199 national commissions that facilitate its global mandate.

World Heritage Committee

World Heritage Committee

The World Heritage Committee is a committee of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization that selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties. It comprises representatives from 21 state parties that are elected by the General Assembly of States Parties for a four-year term. These parties vote on decisions and proposals related to the World Heritage Convention and World Heritage List.

Climate change

Climate change

In common usage, climate change describes global warming—the ongoing increase in global average temperature—and its effects on Earth's climate system. Climate change in a broader sense also includes previous long-term changes to Earth's climate. The current rise in global average temperature is more rapid than previous changes, and is primarily caused by humans burning fossil fuels. Fossil fuel use, deforestation, and some agricultural and industrial practices increase the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, notably carbon dioxide and methane. Greenhouse gases absorb some of the radiation that leaves Earth after it warms from sunlight. Larger amounts of these gases trap more heat in Earth's lower atmosphere, causing global warming.

Former UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Former UNESCO World Heritage Sites

World Heritage Sites may lose their designation when the UNESCO World Heritage Committee determines that they are not properly managed or protected. The committee can place a site it is concerned about on its list of World Heritage in Danger of losing its designation, and attempts to negotiate with the local authorities to remedy the situation. If remediation fails, the committee then revokes its designation.

Dresden Elbe Valley

Dresden Elbe Valley

The Dresden Elbe Valley is a cultural landscape and former World Heritage Site stretching along the Elbe river in Dresden, the state capital of Saxony, Germany. The valley, extending for some 20 kilometres (12 mi) and passing through the Dresden Basin, is one of two major cultural landscapes built up over the centuries along the Central European river Elbe, along with the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm downstream.

Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City

Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City

Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City is a former UNESCO designated World Heritage Site in Liverpool, England, that comprised six locations in the city centre including the Pier Head, Albert Dock and William Brown Street, and many of the city's most famous landmarks.

Church of the Nativity

Church of the Nativity

The Church of the Nativity, or Basilica of the Nativity, is a basilica located in Bethlehem in the Occupied West Bank in Israel. The grotto it contains holds a prominent religious significance to Christians of various denominations as the birthplace of Jesus. The grotto is the oldest site continuously used as a place of worship in Christianity, and the basilica is the oldest major church in the Holy Land.

Jesus

Jesus

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus Christ or Jesus of Nazareth, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader; he is the central figure of Christianity, the world's largest religion. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah prophesied in the Hebrew Bible.

Galápagos Islands

Galápagos Islands

The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago of volcanic islands. They are distributed on each side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean, surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, and are part of the Republic of Ecuador. Located 900 kilometres west of continental Ecuador, the islands are known for their large number of endemic species that were studied by Charles Darwin during the second voyage of HMS Beagle. His observations and collections contributed to the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by means of natural selection.

Christina Cameron

Christina Cameron

Christina Cameron, is a Canadian scientific writer, a former public servant and, from 2005 to 2019, a professor of Heritage conservation and World Heritage. Cameron has been awarded the prestigious Public Service Outstanding Achievement Award, inducted as a Fellow into the Royal Society of Canada, was the 2014 recipient of the National Trust for Canada's Gabrielle Léger Medal for Lifetime Achievement, and was appointed to the Order of Canada in 2014. In 2018 she was awarded the Gérard-Morisset Prix du Québec. One of her former superiors, a chief executive officer of Parks Canada, said that she was "unquestionably the great lady of Canada's cultural heritage."

International Union for Conservation of Nature

International Union for Conservation of Nature

The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable".

Currently listed sites

Table legend
Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee[16]
Location: at city or provincial level and country name, with coordinates; column sorts by state[nb 2]
Criteria: the site was listed under
Area: in hectares and acres if provided by UNESCO
Year (WHS): the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List
Endangered: the year the site appeared on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Reason: threats to the site which prompted UNESCO to list it as in danger
  * Trans-border site
Name Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year (WHS) Endangered Reason Refs
Abu Mena Abu Mena Ancient Monastery 04.JPG EgyAbusir,
 Egypt
30°50′30″N 29°39′50″E / 30.84167°N 29.66389°E / 30.84167; 29.66389 (Abu Mena)
Cultural:
(iv)
182 (450) 1979 2001– Cave-ins in the area caused by the clay at the surface, which becomes semi-liquid when met with "excess water" [17][18]
[19]
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves Sand dunes in the desert, offroad vehicles and mountains in the distance. Niger1Arlit Department,
 Niger
18°17′N 8°0′E / 18.283°N 8.000°E / 18.283; 8.000 (Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
7,736,000 (19,120,000) 1991 1992– Military conflict and civil disturbance in the region as well as a reduction of wildlife population and degradation of the vegetation cover [20][21]
Ancient City of Aleppo City view with a wall and a mosque. Aleppo Governorate,  Syria
36°14′N 37°10′E / 36.233°N 37.167°E / 36.233; 37.167 (Ancient City of Aleppo)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
350 (860) 1986 2013– Syrian Civil War, currently held by the government. Bombings continue threatening the site. [22]
Ancient City of Bosra An old amphitheatre. Daraa Governorate,  Syria
32°31′5″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167 (Ancient City of Bosra)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (vi)
1980 2013– Syrian Civil War, held by the government. [23]
Ancient City of Damascus Ruins of a stone building with columns and without roof. Damascus Governorate,  Syria
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639 (Ancient City of Damascus)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
86 (210) 1979 2013– Syrian Civil War, rebel gunfire and mortar shelling, mainly from adjacent Jobar suburb endangers foundations. [24]
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria Ruins of a stone church without roof.  Syria
36°20′3″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417 (Ancient Villages of Northern Syria)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v)
12,290 (30,400) 2011 2013– Syrian Civil War, some held by rebels. Reports of looting and demolitions by Islamist groups. [25]
Archaeological Site of Cyrene LibJebel Akhdar,
 Libya
32°49′30″N 21°51′30″E / 32.82500°N 21.85833°E / 32.82500; 21.85833 (Archaeological Site of Cyrene)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1982 2016– Libyan Civil War, presence of armed groups, already incurred and potential further damage. [26][27]
Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna LibKhoms,
 Libya
32°38′18″N 14°17′35″E / 32.63833°N 14.29306°E / 32.63833; 14.29306 (Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1982 2016– Libyan Civil War, presence of armed groups, already incurred and potential further damage. [27][28]
Archaeological Site of Sabratha LibSabratha,
 Libya
32°48′19″N 12°29′6″E / 32.80528°N 12.48500°E / 32.80528; 12.48500 (Archaeological Site of Sabratha)
Cultural:
(iii)
1982 2016– Libyan Civil War, presence of armed groups, already incurred and potential further damage. [27][29]
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) A series of three arched gates made of simple stones. They appear to be the only part that has survived from a larger building. IraqSalah ad Din,
 Iraq
35°27′24″N 43°15′45″E / 35.45667°N 43.26250°E / 35.45667; 43.26250 (Ashur)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
70 (170) 2003 2003– A planned reservoir that would have partially flooded the site was suspended in the wake of the Iraq War by the new administration; lack of adequate protection. [30][31]
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone Ruins of former buildings in a desert setting consisting of low walls with a fishnet pattern. PerLa Libertad,
 Peru
8°6′40″S 79°4′30″W / 8.11111°S 79.07500°W / -8.11111; -79.07500 (Chan Chan Archaeological Zone)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
600 (1,500) 1986 1986– Natural erosion [32][33]
City of Potosí Potosi Zentrum.JPG Potosí,  Bolivia

19°35′1″S 65°45′11″W / 19.58361°S 65.75306°W / -19.58361; -65.75306

Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
11,810 (29,200) 1987 2014– Continued mining has left the mountain porous and unstable, causing portions of the summit to collapse, also the target of future mining by the Bolivian Mining Corp. Recommendations to preserve the site have not been followed through. [34]
Coro and its Port A street with single-storied colorful houses VenFalcón,
 Venezuela
11°25′N 69°40′W / 11.417°N 69.667°W / 11.417; -69.667 (Coro and its Port)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
107 (260) 1993 2005– Damage to a great number of structures due to heavy rain between November 2004 and February 2005 as well as the construction of a new monument, a beach walkway and an entrance gate to the city in the buffer zone which could have considerable impact on the value of the site [35][36]
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din A fortress of grey stone. Homs and Latakia Governorates,  Syria
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306 (Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
9 (22) 2006 2013– Syrian Civil War, once held by Al-Nusra Front and other Islamist groups, reclaimed by Syrian Arab Army and Hezbollah fighters. Reports of damages and looting caused by Islamist groups was released by the government. [37]
Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley
A large niche in a rock with the outline of a human figure.
AfgBamyan,
 Afghanistan
34°49′55″N 67°49′36″E / 34.83194°N 67.82667°E / 34.83194; 67.82667 (Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
159 (390) 2003 2003– Fragile conservation state due to abandonment, military action and dynamite explosions; causing dangers such as risk of collapse of Buddha niches, further deterioration of cave murals, looting and illicit excavations. Destruction during the rule of Taliban due to their teachings that the statues are abominations to Islam. [38][39]
East Rennell Dugout Canoe in the Rennell Island lagoon, Solomon Islands. Solomon IslandRennell and Bellona Province,
 Solomon Islands
11°40′59″S 160°10′59″E / 11.68306°S 160.18306°E / -11.68306; 160.18306 (East Rennell)
Natural:
(ix)
37,000 (91,000) 1998 2013– Damage to the site due to logging and its effect on the local ecosystem [40]
Everglades National Park A large white bird with black wingtips and a long slightly curved beak is perched on a branch above grassland. United StatesFlorida,
 United States
25°19′N 80°56′W / 25.317°N 80.933°W / 25.317; -80.933 (Everglades National Park)
Natural:
(viii), (ix), (x)
592,920 (1,465,100) 1979 1993–2007, 2010– Damage due to Hurricane Andrew and deterioration of water flow and quality due to agricultural and urban development (1993); continued degradation of the site resulting in a loss of marine habitat and decline in marine species (2010) [41][42]
[43]
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo Ruins of stone fortifications near water. PanColón Province,
 Panama
9°33′14″N 79°39′21″W / 9.55389°N 79.65583°W / 9.55389; -79.65583 (Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
1980 2012– Environmental factors, lack of maintenance and urban development [44][45]
Garamba National Park Bird's eye view of a river running through grassland interspersed by trees. DemOrientale,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
4°0′N 29°15′E / 4.000°N 29.250°E / 4.000; 29.250 (Garamba National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
500,000 (1,200,000) 1980 1984–1992, 1996– Reduction of Northern White Rhinoceros population (1984); poaching of two white rhinos, killing of three rangers and no plan for corrective measures by the authorities (1996) [46][47]
[48]
Hatra Ruins of a pantheon built with tan stones, with vegetation in the foreground. IrqNineveh Governorate,
 Iraq
35°35′17″N 42°43′6″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833 (Hatra)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
324 (800) 1985 2015– Damage inflicted to the property by armed groups [49]
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town Hebron172.JPG PalHebron Governorate,
 Palestine
31°31′27″N 35°6′32″E / 31.52417°N 35.10889°E / 31.52417; 35.10889 (Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
20.6 (51) 2017 2017– [50]
Historic Centre of Odesa A round opera house built in the baroque style. OdesaOdesa,
 Ukraine
46°29′11.22″N 30°44′29.81″E / 46.4864500°N 30.7416139°E / 46.4864500; 30.7416139 (Historic Centre of Odesa)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
2023 2023– Russo-Ukrainian War [51][52]
Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz UzbQashqadaryo Region,
 Uzbekistan
39°3′0″N 66°50′0″E / 39.05000°N 66.83333°E / 39.05000; 66.83333 (Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
240 (590) 2000 2016– Destruction of buildings in its medieval neighbourhoods and continuing urban development. [53][54]
Historic Centre of Vienna Vienna.JPG. Aut
Vienna,  Austria
48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.200°N 16.367°E / 48.200; 16.367 (Vienna)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
371 (920) 2001 2017– New high-rise projects [55]
Historic Town of Zabīd
White minaret and mosque.
YemAl Hudaydah,
 Yemen
14°12′N 43°19′E / 14.200°N 43.317°E / 14.200; 43.317 (Historic Town of Zabīd)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1993 2000– Deteriorating state of historic buildings, inscribed on request of the State Party [56][57]
Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California
Gulf of California
MexicoBaja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa and Nayarit,
 Mexico
27°38′N 112°33′W / 27.633°N 112.550°W / 27.633; -112.550 (Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
688,558 (1,701,460) 2005 2019– Imminent extinction of the vaquita, an endemic porpoise in the gulf [58][59]
Kahuzi-Biega National Park
A gorilla in a shrub.
DemSouth Kivu
and Maniema,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
2°30′S 28°45′E / 2.500°S 28.750°E / -2.500; 28.750 (Kahuzi-Biega National Park)
Natural:
(x)
600,000 (1,500,000) 1980 1997– Deforestation, hunting as well as war and civil strife [60][61]
Lake Turkana National Parks
A lake with land in the foreground and background.
Ken Kenya
3°3′8″N 36°30′13″E / 3.05222°N 36.50361°E / 3.05222; 36.50361 (Lake Turkana National Parks)
Natural:
(viii), (x)
161,485 (399,040) 1997 2018– Impact of Ethiopia's Gilgel Gibe III Dam on the lake's flow and ecosystem [62][63]
Landmarks of Ancient Kingdom of Saba
Ruins of a dam built in old Arabian architecture, with rocky mountains in the background .
Aut
Marib,  Yemen
15°25′36.76″N 45°20′6.82″E / 15.4268778°N 45.3352278°E / 15.4268778; 45.3352278 (Landmarks of the Ancient Kingdom of Saba)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
375.29 (927.4) 2023 2023– Threats of destruction caused by the Yemeni Civil War. [64][65]
Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park Aerial shot of a marshland containing savannah vegetation. A thick green forest runs through the background CenBamingui-Bangoran,
 Central African Republic
9°0′N 21°30′E / 9.000°N 21.500°E / 9.000; 21.500 (Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
1,740,000 (4,300,000) 1988 1997– Illegal grazing and poaching, deteriorating security situation [66][67]
Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam A tall minaret in a river valley. At the top of the nearby mountains there are other, smaller structures. AfgGhōr,
 Afghanistan
34°23′48″N 64°30′58″E / 34.39667°N 64.51611°E / 34.39667; 64.51611 (Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
70 (170) 2002 2002– Lack of legal protection, lack of protection measure or management plan, poor condition of the site [68][69]
Medieval Monuments in Kosovo Stone church with various towers.  Serbia[a]
42°39′40″N 20°15′56″E / 42.66111°N 20.26556°E / 42.66111; 20.26556 (Medieval Monuments in Kosovo)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
2.88 (7.1) 2004 2006– March Pogrom, lack of legal protection and management; political instability and insecurity. [70][71]
Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve A chimpanzee in a tree. CotLola Prefecture,
 Côte d'Ivoire*
 Guinea*
7°36′N 8°23′W / 7.600°N 8.383°W / 7.600; -8.383 (Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
18,000 (44,000) 1981 1992– Iron ore mining concession on part of the World Heritage Site and influx of large number of refugees on the Guinean part of the site [72][73]
Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia MicronesiaTemwen Island,
 Micronesia
6°50′23″N 158°19′51″E / 6.83972°N 158.33083°E / 6.83972; 158.33083 (Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv), (vi)
76.7 (190) 2016 2016– Continuing siltation of waterways contributing to overgrowth and undermining existing structures. [74][75]
Niokolo-Koba National Park Bird's eye view of a river running through a forested plain. SenTambacounda Region
and Kédougou Region,
 Senegal
13°0′N 12°40′W / 13.000°N 12.667°W / 13.000; -12.667 (Niokolo-Koba National Park)
Natural:
(x)
913,000 (2,260,000) 1981 2007– Degradation of property, low mammal population, management problems and impact of a proposed dam on the Gambia River [76][77]
Okapi Wildlife Reserve River lined by tropical vegetation. Many stones are found in the river. Dem Orientale,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
2°0′N 28°30′E / 2.000°N 28.500°E / 2.000; 28.500 (Okapi Wildlife Reserve)
Natural:
(x)
1,372,625 (3,391,830) 1996 1997– Looting of park facilities and killing of elephants as a result of an armed conflict in the area [78][79]
Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls View over a city. A large building with a golden cuppola is located in the background. JerJerusalem
(no nation named by UNESCO)[nb 3]
31°46′36″N 35°14′3″E / 31.77667°N 35.23417°E / 31.77667; 35.23417 (Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1981 1982– Uncontrolled urban development, general deterioration of the state of conservation due to tourism and lack of maintenance. [80][81][82]
Old City of Sana'a
View of Old Sana'a.
YemSana'a Governorate,
 Yemen
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806 (Sana'a)
Cultural:
(iv), (v), (vi)
1986 2015– Yemeni Civil War [83]
Old Town of Ghadamès Libya Ghadames Old Town Rooftop View.JPG LibGhadames,
 Libya
30°08′00″N 9°30′00″E / 30.13333°N 9.50000°E / 30.13333; 9.50000 (Old Town of Ghadamès)
Cultural:
(v)
1986 2016– Libyan Civil War, presence of armed groups, already incurred and potential further damage. [27][84]
Old Towns of Djenné MalDjenné,
 Mali
13°54′23″N 4°33′18″W / 13.90639°N 4.55500°W / 13.90639; -4.55500 (Old Towns of Djenné)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1988 2016– Regional insecurity, deteriorating state of the historic town, urbanization and erosion. [85][86]
Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir Batir.JPG. Pal
Battir,  Palestine
31°43′11″N 35°7′50″E / 31.71972°N 35.13056°E / 31.71972; 35.13056 (Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir)
Cultural:
(iv)(v)
349 (860) 2014 2014– The Israeli West Bank barrier "may isolate farmers from fields they have cultivated for centuries". [87][88]
Old Walled City of Shibam
The high-rise architectures at Shibam.
YemHadhramaut Governorate,
 Yemen
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667 (Shibam)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v)
1982 2015– Potential threat from the armed conflict, compounding safeguarding and management problems already observed at the site [83]
Rainforests of the Atsinanana
A river in a forested mountain area.
MadEastern Madagascar,
 Madagascar
14°28′S 49°42′E / 14.467°S 49.700°E / -14.467; 49.700 (Rainforests of the Atsinanana)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
479,660 (1,185,300) 2007 2010– Illegal logging and hunting of endangered lemurs [89][90]
Rachid Karami International Fair
A pavilion built in a 1960s modern architecture style surrounded by Middle Eastern vegetation and a partially drained pool. The interior is decayed from a lack of maintenance.
Aut
Tripoli,  Lebanon
34°26′22″N 35°49′33″E / 34.4395°N 35.8259°E / 34.4395; 35.8259 (Rachid Karami International Fair)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
72 (180) 2023 2023– Threatened by lack of funds for maintenance due to the Lebanese liquidity crisis, urban development, and "its alarming state of conservation". [91][92]
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve A river lined by tropical vegetation. Parts of trees are lying in the water. HonLa Mosquitia,
 Honduras
15°44′40″N 84°40′30″W / 15.74444°N 84.67500°W / 15.74444; -84.67500 (Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
1982 1996–2007, 2011– Logging, fishing and land occupation; poaching and the reduced capacity of the state to manage the site; largely due to the deterioration of law and to the presence of drug traffickers [93][94]
Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus LibFezzan,
 Libya
24°50′N 10°20′E / 24.833°N 10.333°E / 24.833; 10.333 (Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus)
Cultural:
(iii)
1985 2016– Libyan Civil War, presence of armed groups, already incurred and potential further damage. [27][95]
Samarra Archaeological City A photograph of a spiral minaret in an open plain with a large number of buildings in the background and a swerving road to the left IraqSalah ad Din,
 Iraq
34°12′N 43°52′E / 34.200°N 43.867°E / 34.200; 43.867 (Samarra Archaeological City)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
15,058 (37,210) 2007 2007– Security situation following the Iraq War and lack of state control for protection or management of the site [96][97]
Selous Game Reserve TZ Selous Game Reserve Aeroview.JPG TanzaniaCoast, Morogoro, Lindi, Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions,

 Tanzania, 9°0′0″S 37°24′0″E / 9.00000°S 37.40000°E / -9.00000; 37.40000

Natural:
(ix), (x)
5,120,000 (12,700,000) 1982 2014– Exploration and extraction of minerals, large infrastructure projects [98]
Site of Palmyra Ruins of stone buildigns with columns. Homs Governorate,  Syria
34°33′15″N 38°16′0″E / 34.55417°N 38.26667°E / 34.55417; 38.26667 (Site of Palmyra)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv)
0.36 (0.89) 1980 2013– Syrian Civil War, captured by the notoriously iconoclastic Islamic State terrorist organization (ISIS). [99]
Timbuktu A street with a mud wall and a pyramid shaped mud building with sticks protruding from its wall. MaliTimbuktu,
Timbuktu Region,
 Mali
16°46′24″N 2°59′58″W / 16.77333°N 2.99944°W / 16.77333; -2.99944 (Timbuktu)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
1988 2012– Threat of destruction by the Islamist groups like Al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb, Ansar Dine and Boko Haram. Some monuments are now pillaged and destroyed. [100][101]
Tomb of Askia A mud structure with sticks protruding from the wall. MaliGao,
Gao Region,
 Mali
16°17′23″N 0°02′40″W / 16.28972°N 0.04444°W / 16.28972; -0.04444 (Tomb of Askia)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
4.24 (10.5) 2004 2012– Damaged by Islamist groups like Al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb and Ansar Dine. Reported destroyed by Ansar Dine when they captured Timbuktu. [101][102]
Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi Dome shaped house made of natural materials. UgandaKampala District,
 Uganda
0°19′45″N 32°33′12″E / 0.32917°N 32.55333°E / 0.32917; 32.55333 (Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv), (vi)
27 (67) 2001 2010– Destruction of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga, the main building of the site, by fire in March 2010 [103][104]
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra Man of the woods.JPG IndonesiaSumatra,
 Indonesia
02°30′S 101°30′E / 2.500°S 101.500°E / -2.500; 101.500 (Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
2,595,124 (6,412,690) 2004 2011– Poaching, illegal logging, agricultural encroachment, and plans to build roads through the site [105][106]
Virunga National Park Mountain landscape with trunks of trees or shrubs that appear to have burned. DemNorth Kivu
and Orientale,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
0°55′N 29°10′E / 0.917°N 29.167°E / 0.917; 29.167 (Virunga National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (x)
800,000 (2,000,000) 1979 1994– Deforestation and poaching as a result of the influx of refugees due to the Rwandan Civil War [107][108]
Roșia Montană Mining Landscape
The gold mine of Roșia Montană.
RomAlba County,
 Romania
46°18′22″N 23°7′50″E / 46.30611°N 23.13056°E / 46.30611; 23.13056 (Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
314.42 (776.9) 2021 2021– Threats posed by plans to resume mining which would damage a major part of the inscribed Mining Landscape [109][110]

Discover more about Currently listed sites related topics

Abu Mena

Abu Mena

Abu Mena was a town, monastery complex and Christian pilgrimage centre in Late Antique Egypt, about 50 km (31 mi) southwest of Alexandria, near New Borg El Arab city. Its remains were designated a World Heritage Site in 1979 for the site's importance in early Christianity. There are very few standing remains, but the foundations of most major buildings, such as the great basilica, are easily discernible.

Abusir (Lake Mariout)

Abusir (Lake Mariout)

Abusir is a seaside town on the shore of Lake Mariout on the western extremity of Egypt's Nile delta. It is situated about 48 kilometres (30 mi) southwest of Alexandria. Ruins of an ancient temple and an ancient replica of the Lighthouse of Alexandria are to be seen here. As of 2009, it was also suspected to be the burial place of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony.

Aïr and Ténéré National Nature Reserve

Aïr and Ténéré National Nature Reserve

The Aïr and Ténéré National Nature Reserve is a national nature reserve in Niger. It includes several overlapping reserve designations, and is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It covers both the eastern half of the Aïr Mountains and the western sections of the Ténéré desert. It has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area.

Arlit Department

Arlit Department

Arlit is a department of the Agadez Region in Niger. Its capital lies at the city of Arlit. As of 2012, the department had a total population of 105,025 people.

Aleppo Governorate

Aleppo Governorate

Aleppo Governorate is one of the fourteen governorates of Syria. It is the most populous governorate in Syria with a population of more than 4,867,000, almost 23% of the total population of Syria. The governorate is the fifth in area with an area of 18,482 km2 (7,136 sq mi), or 18,498 sq. km, about 10% of the total area of Syria. The capital is the city of Aleppo.

Syria

Syria

Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a Western Asian country located in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Levant. It is a unitary republic that consists of 14 governorates (subdivisions), and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east and southeast, Jordan to the south, and Israel and Lebanon to the southwest. Cyprus lies to the west across the Mediterranean Sea. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including the majority Syrian Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Armenians, Circassians, Albanians, and Greeks. Religious groups include Muslims, Christians, Alawites, Druze, and Yazidis. The capital and largest city of Syria is Damascus. Arabs are the largest ethnic group, and Muslims are the largest religious group.

Ancient City of Bosra

Ancient City of Bosra

The Ancient City of Bosra is an archaeological site located in the city of Bosra, Syria. The site illustrates the Roman, Byzantine and Muslim civilizations, and is inscribed by UNESCO in the list of World Heritage.

Daraa Governorate

Daraa Governorate

Daraa Governorate is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria. It is situated in the south-west of the country and covers an area of 3,730 km2. It is bordered by Jordan to the south, Quneitra Governorate and Israel to the west, Rif Dimashq Governorate to the north and As-Suwayda Governorate to the east. The governorate has a population of 998,000. The capital is the city of Daraa.

Ancient City of Damascus

Ancient City of Damascus

The Ancient City of Damascus is the historic city centre of Damascus, Syria. The old city which is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, contains numerous archaeological sites, including some historical churches and mosques. Many cultures have left their mark, especially Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic. In 1979, the historical center of the city, surrounded by walls of Roman era, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. In June 2013, UNESCO included all Syrian sites on the list of World Heritage in Danger to warn of the risks to which they are exposed because of the Syrian Civil War.

Damascus Governorate

Damascus Governorate

Damascus Governorate is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria. Completely surrounded by the Rif Dimashq Governorate, it consists only of the city of Damascus, the capital of Syria, and the suburb of Yarmouk Camp.

Jobar

Jobar

Jobar also spelled Jawbar, Jober or Joubar, is a municipality of the Syrian capital Damascus. A once historical village on the outskirts of Damascus, it is now a suburb of the capital city. It lies 2 km northeast of the old city walls. It contains the most venerated site for Syrian Jews, an ancient 2,000-year-old synagogue and shrine in commemoration of the biblical prophet Elijah, which has been a place of Jewish pilgrimage for many centuries. Today 93% of Jobar lies in ruins due to a prolonged battle fought between the Syrian Army and various rebel groups from February 2013 to 23 March 2018. It has been the site of hostilities during Syrian Civil War, including the 2017 Jobar offensive.

Dead Cities

Dead Cities

The Dead Cities or Forgotten Cities are a group of 700 abandoned settlements in northwest Syria between Aleppo and Idlib. Around 40 villages grouped in eight archaeological parks situated in north-western Syria provide an insight into rural life in Late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. Most of the villages, which date from the 1st to 7th centuries, were abandoned between the 8th and 10th centuries. The settlements feature the well-preserved architectural remains of dwellings, pagan temples, churches, cisterns, bathhouses etc. Important dead cities include the Church of Saint Simeon Stylites, Serjilla and al Bara.

Previously listed sites

There are a number of sites that were previously listed as being in danger, but they were later removed from the list after improvements in management and conservation. The Everglades National Park was listed from 1993 to 2007 and again since 2010; the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve was listed from 1996 to 2007 and again since 2011. Both are therefore included in the list of currently listed sites (above).

  Delisted altogether as a World Heritage Site
  Partial de-listing off the World Heritage List
Name Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year (WHS) Endangered Reason Refs
Angkor Ruins of a large structure with five large towers at the top. Siem Reap Province,  Cambodia
13°26′N 103°50′E / 13.433°N 103.833°E / 13.433; 103.833 (Angkor)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
1992 1992–2004 Inscription initially limited to a three-year period (1993–1995) during which effective legal protection, boundary and buffer zones were to be established and international conservation efforts were to be monitored and coordinated; at the time of inscription, Cambodia was UN-controlled following the civil war in the 1980s. [111][112]
[113]
Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery Ruins of a stone church with the highest point located at the apsis. GeorImereti,
 Georgia
42°15′44″N 42°42′59″E / 42.26222°N 42.71639°E / 42.26222; 42.71639 (Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery)
Cultural:
(iv)
7.87 (19.4) 1994 2010–2017 Major reconstruction project that will lead to irreversible interventions. The boundaries of the site was modified in 2017.[nb 4] Bagrati Cathedral was removed from the list of World Heritage Sites after its reconstruction. However, Gelati Monastery remained on the list. [114][115][116]
Bahla Fort Walls of a stone fort and a tower. Bahla,  Oman
22°58′N 57°18′E / 22.967°N 57.300°E / 22.967; 57.300 (Bahla Fort)
Cultural:
(iv)
1987 1988–2004 Degradation of earth structures of the fort and of the oasis of Bahla [117][118]
[119][120]
Bam and its Cultural Landscape View over a large ruined city colored uniformly in a grey-brown tone. In the background there is a castle in overlooking the surrounding city. IranKerman,
 Iran
29°07′01″N 58°22′07″E / 29.11694°N 58.36861°E / 29.11694; 58.36861 (Bam and its Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
2004 2004–2013 Following the damage due to the 2003 Bam earthquake [121][122][123]
Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System Underwater image of a green stone like object with patterns on the surface resembling a brain. BelBelize, Stann Creek and Toledo
 Belize
17°19′N 87°32′W / 17.317°N 87.533°W / 17.317; -87.533 (Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
96,300 (238,000) 1996 2009–2018 Mangrove cutting and excessive development [124][125][126]
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem Birthplace of Jesus. Pal
Bethlehem,  Palestine
31°42′16″N 35°12′27″E / 31.70444°N 35.20750°E / 31.70444; 35.20750 (Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
2.98 (7.4) 2012 2012–2019 Damage due to water leaks [127][128][129]
Butrint Ruins of an amphitheatre and other structures. Sarandë District,  Albania
39°45′N 20°1′E / 39.750°N 20.017°E / 39.750; 20.017 (Butrint)
Cultural:
(iii)
3,980 (9,800) 1992 1997–2005 Damages due to management and conservation [130][131]
[132]
Cologne Cathedral
A large gothic style cathedral of grey to black colored stone.
North Rhine-Westphalia,  Germany
50°56′29″N 6°57′29″E / 50.94139°N 6.95806°E / 50.94139; 6.95806 (Cologne Cathedral)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv)
1996 2004–2006 High-rise building plan near the cathedral threatening to inflict damage to the integrity of the property; delisted[nb 4] after the building plan was halted and a buffer zone introduced [133][134]
[135]
Comoé National Park A photograph of a white vehicle with luggage on top driving across a river with green trees in the background all under a clear blue sky. CotZanzan,
 Côte d'Ivoire
9°10′N 3°40′W / 9.167°N 3.667°W / 9.167; -3.667 (Comoé National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
1,150,000 (2,800,000) 1983 2003–2017 Civil unrest, poaching and lack of effective management mechanisms [136][137]
Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary Cormorants on a tree without leaves above some water. Biffeche,  Senegal
16°30′N 16°10′W / 16.500°N 16.167°W / 16.500; -16.167 (Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
16,000 (40,000) 1981 1984–1988, 2000–2006 Long term threat by construction plan for a down-stream dam (1984); delisted[nb 4] (1988) as water supply to the park was insured by the construction of a sluice and a management plan was being prepared; relisted[nb 5] (2000) due to environmental and economical threats posed by the introduced species Salvinia molesta and Pistia stratiotes as well as issues with water management in the park [47][138]
[139][140]
[141][142]
Dresden Elbe Valley Dresden skyline in the Elbe Valley. Saxony,  Germany
51°3′N 13°49′E / 51.050°N 13.817°E / 51.050; 13.817 (Dresden Elbe Valley)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
1,930 (4,800) 2004 2006–2009 Construction plans for the Waldschlösschen Bridge in the core area of the cultural landscape; removed from the list of World Heritage Sites in 2009 after construction commenced at the end of 2007 [143][144]
Dubrovnik Marina in a city with churches and a fort. Dubrovnik-Neretva County,  Croatia
42°38′25″N 18°06′30″E / 42.64028°N 18.10833°E / 42.64028; 18.10833 (Dubrovnik)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
97 (240) 1979 1991–1998 Croatian War of Independence [145][146]
[147]
Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore Entrance gate to a fort flanked by two large towers. PakPunjab,
 Pakistan
31°35′25″N 74°18′35″E / 31.59028°N 74.30972°E / 31.59028; 74.30972 (Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1981 2000–2012 Destruction of historic water tanks in 1999 to widen a road and deteriorating perimeter walls of the Garden, listed on request of the Pakistan government [148][149]
Galápagos Islands Landscape with little vegetation, rocks and an isthmus. Galápagos Province,  Ecuador
0°40′S 90°30′W / 0.667°S 90.500°W / -0.667; -90.500 (Galápagos Islands)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
14,066,514 (34,759,110) 1978 2007–2010 Various threats including insufficient prevention of possibilities for the introduction of alien species, insufficient resource allocation for conservation agencies and park management, presence of a large number of illegal immigrants, rapid uncontrolled growth of tourism, fishing over-capacity and sports fishing [150][151]
[152][153]
Group of Monuments at Hampi
Very high gate-like structure decorated with many niches.
Bellary district,  India
15°20′6″N 76°27′43″E / 15.33500°N 76.46194°E / 15.33500; 76.46194 (Group of Monuments at Hampi)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
1986 1999–2006 Partial construction of two cable-suspended bridges within the protected archaeological areas of Hampi threatening the integrity and authenticity of the site [154][155]
[156]
Historical Monuments of Mtskheta A compact tall stone church with a circular tower above the apsis. GeorMtskheta-Mtianeti,
 Georgia
41°50′32″N 44°43′16″E / 41.84222°N 44.72111°E / 41.84222; 44.72111 (Historical Monuments of Mtskheta)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1994 2009–2016 Deterioration of stonework and frescoes, mismanagement and urban development [157][158]
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works Industrial structure in a desert setting. ChilTarapacá,
 Chile
20°12′30″S 69°47′40″W / 20.20833°S 69.79444°W / -20.20833; -69.79444 (Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
2005 2005–2019 Fragile nature of structures due to lack of maintenance for 40 years; also damage, vandalism and some dismantling; looting [159][160][161]
Ichkeul National Park Forested coastal mountains. Bizerta,  Tunisia
37°10′N 9°40′E / 37.167°N 9.667°E / 37.167; 9.667 (Ichkeul National Park)
Natural:
(x)
12,600 (31,000) 1980 1996–2006 Construction of dams limiting the freshwater flow to the area and causing an increased salinity of the lake and the marshes as well as a decrease in the number of migrating bird populations [162][163]
[164]
Iguaçu National Park A large waterfall falling into a horseshoe shaped gorge. Paraná State,  Brazil
25°41′S 54°26′W / 25.683°S 54.433°W / -25.683; -54.433 (Iguaçu National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
170,086 (420,290) 1986 1999–2001 Illegally opened road ("Estrada do Colono", Portuguese for "Settler's Road") through the park, dams on the Iguazu River and helicopter flights. [165][166]
[167]
Kathmandu Valley Red-colored multi-storied building and tower like structure. Kathmandu Valley,    Nepal
27°42′14″N 85°18′31″E / 27.70389°N 85.30861°E / 27.70389; 85.30861 (Kathmandu Valley)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (vi)
167 (410) 1979 2003–2007 Partial or substantial loss of the traditional elements of six out of seven monument zones and resulting general loss of authenticity and integrity of the whole property. [168][169]
[170]
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City
A montage of several pictures showing a western city near water.
United KingdomLiverpool
England,
 United Kingdom
53°24′24″N 2°50′40″W / 53.40667°N 2.84444°W / 53.40667; -2.84444 (Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
136 (340) 2004 2012–2021 Due to the proposed redevelopment of historic docklands known as Liverpool Waters, (including Bramley-Moore Dock stadium of Everton F.C.). Removed of World Heritage status in July 2021, due to the continued progress of the developments.[171] [172][173]
Los Katíos National Park The giant anteater, one of the inhabitants of Los Katíos.. Antioquia and Chocó,  Colombia
7°40′0″N 77°0′0″W / 7.66667°N 77.00000°W / 7.66667; -77.00000 (Los Katíos National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
72,000 (180,000) 1994 2009–2015 Deforestation, illegal fishing and hunting. Removed following significant improvements to Park management [174]
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Hanging bridge over a river lined with tropical vegetation in a mountainous landscape.
Assam,  India
26°30′N 91°51′E / 26.500°N 91.850°E / 26.500; 91.850 (Manas Wildlife Sanctuary)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
39,100 (97,000) 1985 1992–2011 Poaching, damage to the park's infrastructure and decrease in the population of some species particularly the Greater One Horned Rhino following an invasion by militants of the Bodo tribe in 1992 [175][176]
[177]
Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor A town in rocky mountains next to a bay or lake. Bay of Kotor, Kotor and surrounding territory,  Montenegro
42°29′N 18°42′E / 42.483°N 18.700°E / 42.483; 18.700 (Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
1979 1979–2003 Damage following the earthquake from 15 April 1979 [178][179]
[180]
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Bird's eye view over a largely unvegetated plain with a lake. In the distance a mountain range is visible. Arusha Region,  Tanzania
3°11′S 35°32′E / 3.183°S 35.533°E / -3.183; 35.533 (Ngorongoro Conservation Area)
Natural:
(iv), (vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
1978 1984–1989 Declining conservation status [181][182]
[183]
Plitvice Lakes National Park Turqois colored lakes among white rocks. Lika-Senj County,  Croatia
44°53′N 15°37′E / 44.883°N 15.617°E / 44.883; 15.617 (Plitvice Lakes National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix)
19,200 (47,000) 1979 1992–1997 Potential threat due to the Croatian War of Independence [184][185]
[186]
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras A village in the Batad rice terraces PhiIfugao,
 Philippines
16°55′N 121°3′E / 16.917°N 121.050°E / 16.917; 121.050 (Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v)
500,000 (1,200,000) 1995 2001–2012 Absence of systematic monitoring programme or a comprehensive management plan [187][188]
Royal Palaces of Abomey Stone wall and a simple hut with decorations of animals and plants in colored relief. Zou Department,  Benin
7°11′26″N 1°59′36″E / 7.19056°N 1.99333°E / 7.19056; 1.99333 (Royal Palaces of Abomey)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
48 (120) 1985 1985–2007 General state of deterioration due to the elements and inappropriate restoration which are in conflict with the authenticity of the site [189][190]
[191][192]
Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara
Vault of a ramshackled possibly ruined building.
TanKilwa District,
 Tanzania
8°57′28″S 39°31′22″E / 8.95778°S 39.52278°E / -8.95778; 39.52278 (Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara)
Cultural:
(iii)
1981 2004–2014 Continuing deterioration of the site due to various agents such as erosion or plants [193][194]
Rwenzori Mountains National Park Hills with grassland, trees and farmland in front of a mountain range. Bundibugyo, Kabarole and Kasese District,  Uganda
0°13′N 29°55′E / 0.217°N 29.917°E / 0.217; 29.917 (Rwenzori Mountains National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
99,600 (246,000) 1994 1999–2004 Security situation and lack of monitoring of a major part of the park [165][195]
[196]
Salonga National Park River meandering through a wooded plain. DemÉquateur
and Bandundu Province,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
2°S 21°E / 2°S 21°E / -2; 21 (Salonga National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
3,600,000 (8,900,000) 1984 1999–2021 Poaching and housing construction. Removed from the list in danger due to improvements in its state of conservation. [197][198]
[165][199]
Sangay National Park Forested mountain landscape. Chimborazo, Morona-Santiago and Tungurahua Province,  Ecuador
1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333 (Sangay National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
271,925 (671,940) 1983 1992–2005 Heavy poaching, illegal livestock grazing, encroachment and potential threat through a road construction project [200][201]
[202]
Simien National Park Mountain landscape with deep precipices. EthAmhara Region,
 Ethiopia
13°11′N 38°4′E / 13.183°N 38.067°E / 13.183; 38.067 (Simien National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
22,000 (54,000) 1978 1996–2017 Deterioration of population of Walia ibex [203][204]
Srebarna Nature Reserve Lake in a landscape with low vegetation. Srebarna, Silistra Province,  Bulgaria
44°06′50″N 27°04′40″E / 44.11389°N 27.07778°E / 44.11389; 27.07778 (Srebarna Nature Reserve)
Natural:
(x)
638 (1,580) 1983 1992–2003 Prevention of seasonal flooding and agricultural use causing a decline or disappearance of the water and passerine bird populations [205][206]
[207]
Timbuktu Pyramid shaped structure with many sticks sticking out of its walls. Circle and Region of Tombouctou,  Mali
16°46′24″N 2°59′58″W / 16.77333°N 2.99944°W / 16.77333; -2.99944 (Timbuktu)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
1988 1990–2005 Threat of sand encroachment [208][209]
[210]
Tipasa Several arches of a ruined building. Tipaza Province,  Algeria
36°35′39″N 2°26′36″E / 36.59417°N 2.44333°E / 36.59417; 2.44333 (Tipasa)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
52 (130) 1982 2002–2006 Inadequate maintenance affecting the integrity of the site and its buffer zone [211][212]
[213]
Walled City of Baku with Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower Qız qalası 2013.JPG Baku,  Azerbaijan
40°21′59″N 49°50′7″E / 40.36639°N 49.83528°E / 40.36639; 49.83528 (Baku)
Cultural:
(iv)
2000 2003–2009 Damage sustained during the 2000 Baku earthquake, urban development and inadequate conservation efforts [214]
Wieliczka Salt Mine Large room with lamps hanging from the ceiling and sculptures or reliefs along the walls. Wieliczka, Wieliczka County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship,  Poland
49°58′45″N 20°03′50″E / 49.97917°N 20.06389°E / 49.97917; 20.06389 (Wieliczka Salt Mine)
Cultural:
(iv)
969 (2,390) 1978 1989–1998 Humidity problem [183][215]
[216]
Yellowstone National Park
Large waterfall in a rocky mountain landscape.
Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho,  United States
44°30′N 110°50′W / 44.500°N 110.833°W / 44.500; -110.833 (Yellowstone National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
898,349 (2,219,870) 1978 1995–2003 Ascertained dangers to Yellowstone cutthroat trout as well as sewage leakage and waste contamination in parts of the park; potential threats to water quantity and quality, past and proposed mining activities, a proposed control programme to eradicate brucellosis in the bison herds [217][218]
[219]

Discover more about Previously listed sites related topics

Everglades National Park

Everglades National Park

Everglades National Park is an American national park that protects the southern twenty percent of the original Everglades in Florida. The park is the largest tropical wilderness in the United States and the largest wilderness of any kind east of the Mississippi River. An average of one million people visit the park each year. Everglades is the third-largest national park in the contiguous United States after Death Valley and Yellowstone. UNESCO declared the Everglades & Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve in 1976 and listed the park as a World Heritage Site in 1979, and the Ramsar Convention included the park on its list of Wetlands of International Importance in 1987. Everglades is one of only three locations in the world to appear on all three lists.

Angkor

Angkor

Angkor, also known as Yasodharapura, was the capital city of the Khmer Empire. The city and empire flourished from approximately the 9th to the 15th centuries. The city houses the Angkor Wat, one of Cambodia's most popular tourist attractions.

Bagrati Cathedral

Bagrati Cathedral

The Cathedral of the Dormition, or the Kutaisi Cathedral, more commonly known as Bagrati Cathedral, is an 11th-century cathedral in the city of Kutaisi, in the Imereti region of Georgia. A masterpiece of medieval Georgian architecture, the cathedral suffered heavy damage throughout centuries and was reconstructed to its present state through a gradual process starting in the 1950s, with controversial conservation works concluding in 2012. These works prompted UNESCO to remove the cathedral from its list of World Heritage sites. A distinct landmark in the scenery of central Kutaisi, the cathedral rests on the Ukimerioni Hill. It is considered one of the four Great Cathedrals of the Georgian Orthodox world.

Gelati Monastery

Gelati Monastery

Gelati is a medieval monastic complex near Kutaisi in the Imereti region of western Georgia. One of the first monasteries in Georgia, it was founded in 1106 by King David IV of Georgia as a monastic and educational center.

Imereti

Imereti

Imereti is a region of Georgia situated in the central-western part of the republic along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni River. Imereti is the most populous region in Georgia. It consists of 11 municipalities and the city of Kutaisi, which is the capital of the region.

Bahla Fort

Bahla Fort

Bahla Fort is one of four historic fortresses situated at the foot of the Jebel Akhdar highlands in Oman and the country's only UNESCO-listed fort added in 1987.

Bahla

Bahla

Bahla is a town, located 40 km away from Nizwa, and about 200 km from Oman's capital Muscat which lies in the Ad Dakhiliyah Governorate of Oman. It is notable as the home of one of the oldest fortresses in the country, the 13th century Bahla Fort which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fortress and the town are enclosed by extensive remnants of a 12-km long fortified wall. Most buildings are constructed of traditional mud brick, many of them are hundreds of years old.

2003 Bam earthquake

2003 Bam earthquake

The 2003 Bam earthquake struck the Kerman province of southeastern Iran at 01:56 UTC on December 26. The shock had a moment magnitude of 6.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The earthquake was particularly destructive in Bam, with the death toll amounting to at least 34,000 people and injuring up to 200,000. The effects of the earthquake were exacerbated by the use of mud brick as the standard construction medium; many of the area's structures did not comply with earthquake regulations set in 1989.

Belize District

Belize District

Belize District is a district of the nation of Belize. Its capital is Belize City.

Church of the Nativity

Church of the Nativity

The Church of the Nativity, or Basilica of the Nativity, is a basilica located in Bethlehem in the Occupied West Bank in Israel. The grotto it contains holds a prominent religious significance to Christians of various denominations as the birthplace of Jesus. The grotto is the oldest site continuously used as a place of worship in Christianity, and the basilica is the oldest major church in the Holy Land.

Bethlehem

Bethlehem

Bethlehem is a city in the West Bank, Palestine, located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of Jerusalem. It is the capital of the Bethlehem Governorate, and has a population of approximately 25,000 people. The city's economy is largely tourist-driven; international tourism peaks around and during Christmas, when Christians embark on a pilgrimage to the Church of the Nativity, revered as the location of the Nativity of Jesus. At the northern entrance of the city is Rachel's Tomb, the burial place of biblical matriarch Rachel. Movement around the city is limited due to the Israeli West Bank barrier.

Butrint

Butrint

Butrint was an ancient Greek polis and later Roman city and the seat of an early Christian bishopric in Epirus. Originally a settlement of the Greek tribe of the Chaonians, it later became part of the state of Epirus and later a Roman colonia and a bishopric. It entered into decline in Late Antiquity, before being abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the city. In modern times it is an archeological site in Vlorë County, Albania, some 14 kilometres south of Sarandë and close to the Greek border. It is located on a hill overlooking the Vivari Channel and is part of the Butrint National Park. Today Bouthrotum is a Latin Catholic titular see and also features the Ali Pasha Castle.

Source: "List of World Heritage in Danger", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_World_Heritage_in_Danger.

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Notes
  1. ^ Full title: Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
  2. ^ The Jerusalem site is not associated with a state by UNESCO and sorts as "Jerusalem".
  3. ^ Site proposed by Jordan. UNESCO has stated that "In line with relevant UN resolutions, East Jerusalem remains part of the occupied Palestinian territory, and the status of Jerusalem must be resolved in permanent status negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians."
  4. ^ a b c From the List of World Heritage in Danger
  5. ^ On the List of World Heritage in Danger
  1. ^ The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, Kosovo is formally recognised as an independent state by 101 UN member states (with another 13 states recognising it at some point but then withdrawing their recognition) and 92 states not recognizing it, while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own territory.
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  213. ^ 30th session 2006, p. 32
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