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List of International Space Station spacewalks

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An artist's rendering of the fully assembled International Space Station, as it would appear from a spacecraft flying overhead
An artist's rendering of the fully assembled International Space Station, as it would appear from a spacecraft flying overhead
Jerry Ross during one of the first spacewalks that began assembly of the International Space Station
Jerry Ross during one of the first spacewalks that began assembly of the International Space Station

On the International Space Station (ISS), extravehicular activities are major events in the building and maintaining of the orbital laboratory,[1] and are performed to install new components, re-wire systems, modules, and equipment, and to monitor, install, and retrieve scientific experiments.[2][3]

Due to the complexity of building a station in space, space agencies train astronauts extensively, preparing them to encounter surprises during spacewalks, teaching them how to assemble special tools and equipment, and carefully coordinating every activity during spacewalks.[1] From 1998 to 2005, thirty-seven Space Shuttle missions were scheduled to assemble, outfit and begin experiments and research aboard the station.[1]

The initial spacewalk to begin the assembly of the International Space Station was held on 7 December 1998,[4] following the launch of the first section of the station, Zarya, from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, on 20 November 1998.[5] The spacewalk attached the U.S.-built Unity node to Zarya.[4] The longest spacewalk was performed on 11 March 2001, when STS-102 crew members Susan J. Helms and James S. Voss conducted a full spacewalk, and then returned to the airlock, but remained in their suits ready to exit the airlock again in case the robotics operations ran into problems. The total time for that spacewalk was eight hours and fifty-six minutes.[6]

As of 2 December 2021, there have been 245 spacewalks devoted to assembly and maintenance of the International Space Station totaling 1548 hours and 26 minutes. Thirty-seven of those spacewalks were performed from a shuttle, ninety-three from the Quest Joint Airlock, thirty-two from the Pirs docking compartment, and two from the transfer compartment at the forward end of the Zvezda service module.[7][8]

*denotes spacewalks performed from the Pirs docking compartment in Russian Orlan suits.
^denotes spacewalks performed from the Poisk module in Russian Orlan suits.
denotes spacewalks performed from the visiting Space Shuttle's airlock.
denotes the one EVA and one IVA performed from the transfer compartment at the forward end of the Zvezda Service Module.
All other spacewalks were performed from the Quest airlock.
ISS Expedition spacewalks are separated from shuttle spacewalks by a separator.

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International Space Station

International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is the largest modular space station currently in low Earth orbit. It is a multinational collaborative project involving five participating space agencies: NASA, Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The ownership and use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements. The station serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which scientific research is conducted in astrobiology, astronomy, meteorology, physics, and other fields. The ISS is suited for testing the spacecraft systems and equipment required for possible future long-duration missions to the Moon and Mars.

Extravehicular activity

Extravehicular activity

Extravehicular activity (EVA) is any activity done by an astronaut in outer space outside a spacecraft. Absent a breathable Earthlike atmosphere, the astronaut is completely reliant on a space suit for environmental support. EVA includes spacewalks and lunar or planetary surface exploration. In a stand-up EVA (SEVA), an astronaut stands through an open hatch but does not fully leave the spacecraft. EVA has been conducted by the Soviet Union/Russia, the United States, Canada, the European Space Agency and China.

Outer space

Outer space

Outer space, commonly shortened to space, is the expanse that exists beyond Earth and its atmosphere and between celestial bodies. Outer space is not completely empty—it is a near perfect vacuum containing a low density of particles, predominantly a plasma of hydrogen and helium, as well as electromagnetic radiation, magnetic fields, neutrinos, dust, and cosmic rays. The baseline temperature of outer space, as set by the background radiation from the Big Bang, is 2.7 kelvins. The plasma between galaxies is thought to account for about half of the baryonic (ordinary) matter in the universe, having a number density of less than one hydrogen atom per cubic metre and a temperature of millions of kelvins. Local concentrations of matter have condensed into stars and galaxies. Studies indicate that 90% of the mass in most galaxies is in an unknown form, called dark matter, which interacts with other matter through gravitational but not electromagnetic forces. Observations suggest that the majority of the mass-energy in the observable universe is dark energy, a type of vacuum energy that is poorly understood. Intergalactic space takes up most of the volume of the universe, but even galaxies and star systems consist almost entirely of empty space.

List of International Space Station expeditions

List of International Space Station expeditions

This is a chronological list of expeditions to the International Space Station (ISS). An expedition to the ISS refers to the crew that is occupying the space station and using it for research and testing. Expeditions can last up to six months and include between two and seven crew members.

Assembly of the International Space Station

Assembly of the International Space Station

The process of assembling the International Space Station (ISS) has been under way since the 1990s. Zarya, the first ISS module, was launched by a Proton rocket on 20 November 1998. The STS-88 Space Shuttle mission followed two weeks after Zarya was launched, bringing Unity, the first of three node modules, and connecting it to Zarya. This bare 2-module core of the ISS remained uncrewed for the next one and a half years, until in July 2000 the Russian module Zvezda was launched by a Proton rocket, allowing a maximum crew of three astronauts or cosmonauts to be on the ISS permanently.

Baikonur Cosmodrome

Baikonur Cosmodrome

The Baikonur Cosmodrome is a spaceport in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia. The Cosmodrome is the world's first spaceport for orbital and human launches and the largest operational space launch facility. All crewed Russian spaceflights are launched from Baikonur.

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Central Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the north and west, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southwest, with a coastline along the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Astana, known as Nur-Sultan from 2019 to 2022. Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city, was the country's capital until 1997. Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country, the largest and northernmost Muslim-majority country by land area, and the ninth-largest country in the world. It has a population of 19 million people, and one of the lowest population densities in the world, at fewer than 6 people per square kilometre.

James S. Voss

James S. Voss

James Shelton Voss is a retired United States Army colonel and NASA astronaut. During his time with NASA, Voss flew in space five times on board the Space Shuttle and International Space Station. He also served as deputy of Flight Operations for the Space Station Program Mission Integration and Operations Office. While participating in ISS Expedition 2, he and Susan Helms conducted an 8-hour and 56 minute spacewalk, the longest to date.

Quest Joint Airlock

Quest Joint Airlock

The Quest Joint Airlock, previously known as the Joint Airlock Module, is the primary airlock for the International Space Station. Quest was designed to host spacewalks with both Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) spacesuits and Orlan space suits. The airlock was launched on STS-104 on July 14, 2001.

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (Russian: Пирс, meaning "pier") – also called Stykovochny Otsek 1 and DC-1 – was a Russian module on the International Space Station (ISS). Pirs was launched on 14 September 2001, and was located on the Zvezda module of the station. It provided the ISS with one docking port for Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, and allowed egress and ingress for spacewalks by cosmonauts using Russian Orlan space suits. Pirs was docked to Zvezda for almost 20 years, until 26 July 2021, where it was decommissioned and undocked by Progress MS-16 to make way for the new Nauka module.

Orlan space suit

Orlan space suit

The Orlan space suit is a series of semi-rigid one-piece space suit models designed and built by NPP Zvezda. They have been used for spacewalks (EVAs) in the Russian space program, the successor to the Soviet space program, and by space programs of other countries, including NASA.

Poisk (ISS module)

Poisk (ISS module)

Poisk, also known as the Mini-Research Module 2, Малый исследовательский модуль 2, or МИМ 2, is a docking module of the International Space Station. Its original name was Docking Module 2, as it is almost identical to the Pirs Docking Compartment. Added in 2009, Poisk was the first major Russian addition to the International Space Station since 2001. Poisk is overall the same design as the docking module Pirs. Whereas Pirs had been attached to the nadir ("bottom") port of Zvezda, Poisk is attached to the zenith ("top"); Pirs was closer to the Earth with the ISS in its usual orientation, and Poisk is on the other side. Poisk is Russian for explore or search. Poisk combines various docking, EVA, and science capabilities. It has two egress hatches for EVAs in addition to the two spacecraft docking ports. Although Poisk is designated as Mini-Research Module 2, it arrived before Mini-Research Module 1 (Rassvet), which had a different design; Poisk looks more like the Pirs docking port, which is not designated as a mini-research module.

1998–1999

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
1. STS-88
EVA 1
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States James H. Newman
December 7, 1998
22:10
December 8, 1998
05:31
7 hours, 21 minutes
Connected computer and electrical cables between the Unity node, the two mating adapters attached to either end of Unity, and the Zarya Functional Cargo Block (FGB).[4]
2. STS-88
EVA 2
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States James H. Newman
December 9, 1998
20:33
December 10, 1998
03:35
7 hours, 02 minutes
Installed two box-like antennas on the outside of the Unity module that are part of the S-band early communications system.[9]
3. STS-88
EVA 3
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States James H. Newman
December 12, 1998
20:33
December 13, 1998
03:32
6 hours, 59 minutes
Checked on an insulation cover on a cable connection on the lower Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA 2) to make sure it is fully installed, attached EVA tools on the side of Unity's upper mating adapter (PMA 1) in preparation for future EVAs, and inspected Orbiter Space Vision System targets on Unity.[10]
4. STS-96
United States Tamara E. Jernigan
United States Daniel T. Barry
May 30, 1999
02:56
May 30, 1999
10:51
7 hours, 55 minutes
Transferred and installed two cranes from the shuttle's payload bay to locations on the outside of the station. Installed two new portable foot restraints that will fit both American and Russian space boots, and attached three bags filled with tools and handrails that will be used during future assembly operations.[11]

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Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

STS-88

STS-88

STS-88 was the first Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS). It was flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour, and took the first American module, the Unity node, to the station.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Jerry L. Ross

Jerry L. Ross

Jerry Lynn Ross is a retired United States Air Force officer, engineer and a former NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of seven Space Shuttle missions, making him the joint record holder for most spaceflights. His papers, photographs and many personal items are in the Barron Hilton Flight and Space Exploration Archives at Purdue University. He was inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame during ceremonies in May 2014.

James H. Newman

James H. Newman

James Hansen Newman, Ph.D. is an American physicist and a former NASA astronaut who flew on four Space Shuttle missions.

Unity (ISS module)

Unity (ISS module)

The Unity connecting module, also known as Node 1, is the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station (ISS). It connects the Russian and United States segments of the station, and is where crew eat meals together.

Zarya (ISS module)

Zarya (ISS module)

Zarya, also known as the Functional Cargo Block or FGB, is the first module of the International Space Station to have been launched. The FGB provided electrical power, storage, propulsion, and guidance to the ISS during the initial stage of assembly. With the launch and assembly in orbit of other modules with more specialized functionality, as of August 2021 it is primarily used for storage, both inside the pressurized section and in the externally mounted fuel tanks. The Zarya is a descendant of the TKS spacecraft designed for the Russian Salyut program. The name Zarya ("Dawn") was given to the FGB because it signified the dawn of a new era of international cooperation in space. Although it was built by a Russian company, it is owned by the United States.

Functional Cargo Block

Functional Cargo Block

The Functional Cargo Block or FGB was part of the Soviet TKS spacecraft. The TKS spacecraft was intended to be used as a resupply craft for Almaz space stations and saw some test flights in the Salyut space station program. The TKS spacecraft was formed by mating a FGB with a VA spacecraft, with both the VA and the FGB being capable of independent operation.

Pressurized Mating Adapter

Pressurized Mating Adapter

The Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA) is a class of spacecraft adapters that convert the Common Berthing Mechanism (CBM) used on the US Orbital Segment to APAS-95 docking ports. There are three PMAs located on the International Space Station (ISS); the first two were launched with the Unity connecting module in 1998 aboard STS-88, and the third was launched in 2000 aboard STS-92. All three of the PMAs are now used to permanently connect parts of the ISS, so they are no longer available as docking ports for visiting spacecraft.

2000

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
5. STS-101
United States James S. Voss
United States Jeffrey N. Williams
May 22, 2000
01:48
May 22, 2000
08:32
6 hours, 44 minutes
Inspected and secured U.S.-built cargo crane known as the Orbital Replacement Unit Transfer Device, completed assembly of a Russian cargo crane called Strela, and replaced one of Unity's two early communication antennas.[12][13]
6. STS-106
United States Edward T. Lu
Russia Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko
September 11, 2000
04:47
September 11, 2000
11:01
6 hours, 14 minutes
Attached cabling that integrated the Zvezda module fully to the rest of the ISS, and constructed and attached a magnetometer that serves as a backup navigation system for the station.[14]
7. STS-92
EVA 1
United States Leroy Chiao
United States William S. McArthur
October 15, 2000
14:27
October 15, 2000
20:55
6 hours, 28 minutes
Connected two sets of cables to provide power to heaters and conduits located on the Z1 truss, relocated two communication antenna assemblies, and installed a toolbox for use during future on-orbit construction.[15]
8. STS-92
EVA 2
United States Michael E. Lopez-Alegria
United States Peter J.K. Wisoff
October 16, 2000
14:15
October 16, 2000
21:22
7 hours, 07 minutes
Installed the Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA)-3 docking port, and prepared the Z1 truss for the installation of the solar arrays.[16]
9. STS-92
EVA 3
United States Leroy Chiao
United States William S. McArthur
October 17, 2000
14:30
October 17, 2000
21:18
6 hours, 48 minutes
Installed two DC-to-DC converter units atop the station's Z1 Truss.[17]
10. STS-92
EVA 4
United States Michael E. Lopez-Alegria
United States Peter J.K. Wisoff
October 18, 2000
15:00
October 18, 2000
21:56
6 hours, 56 minutes
Removed a grapple fixture on the Z1 truss, deployed a Z1 utility tray, Manual Berthing Mechanism latches for Z1 were cycled and opened, and demonstrated the Simplified Aid For EVA Rescue (SAFER) pack's abilities.[18][19]
11. STS-97
EVA 1
United States Joseph R. Tanner
United States Carlos I. Noriega
December 3, 2000
18:35
December 4, 2000
02:08
7 hours, 33 minutes
Attached the P6 truss to the Z1 Truss, and prepared the solar arrays for deployment. Prepared the radiator for the power system deployment.[20][21]
12. STS-97
EVA 2
United States Joseph R. Tanner
United States Carlos I. Noriega
December 5, 2000
17:21
December 5, 2000
23:58
6 hours, 37 minutes
Configured the space station to use power from the P6. Positioned the S-band antenna for use by the space station. Prepared the station for the arrival of the U. S. Laboratory, Destiny.[22]
13. STS-97
EVA 3
United States Joseph R. Tanner
United States Carlos I. Noriega
December 7, 2000
16:13
December 7, 2000
21:23
5 hours, 10 minutes
Positioned a floating potential probe to measure the plasma field surrounding the space station, performed repair work to increase tension in the starboard solar array blankets that did not stretch out completely during deployment, and installed a centerline camera cable outside the Unity node.[23]

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Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

STS-101

STS-101

STS-101 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. The mission was a 10-day mission conducted between 19 May 2000 and 29 May 2000. The mission was designated 2A.2a and was a resupply mission to the International Space Station. STS-101 was delayed 3 times in April due to high winds. STS-101 traveled 4.1 million miles and completed 155 revolutions of the earth and landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center. The mission was the first to fly with the "glass cockpit".

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

James S. Voss

James S. Voss

James Shelton Voss is a retired United States Army colonel and NASA astronaut. During his time with NASA, Voss flew in space five times on board the Space Shuttle and International Space Station. He also served as deputy of Flight Operations for the Space Station Program Mission Integration and Operations Office. While participating in ISS Expedition 2, he and Susan Helms conducted an 8-hour and 56 minute spacewalk, the longest to date.

Unity (ISS module)

Unity (ISS module)

The Unity connecting module, also known as Node 1, is the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station (ISS). It connects the Russian and United States segments of the station, and is where crew eat meals together.

STS-106

STS-106

STS-106 was a 2000 Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda, Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It was the third module launched to the station, and provided all of the station's life support systems, some of which are supplemented in the US Orbital Segment (USOS), as well as living quarters for two crew members. It is the structural and functional center of the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is the Russian part of the ISS. Crew assemble here to deal with emergencies on the station.

STS-92

STS-92

STS-92 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Discovery. STS-92 marked the 100th mission of the Space Shuttle. It was launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, 11 October 2000.

Leroy Chiao

Leroy Chiao

Leroy Chiao is an American chemical engineer, retired NASA astronaut, entrepreneur, motivational speaker, and engineering consultant. Chiao flew on three Space Shuttle flights, and was the commander of Expedition 10, where he lived on board the International Space Station from October 13, 2004 to April 24, 2005. He is also a co-author and researcher for the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity project.

William S. McArthur

William S. McArthur

William Surles McArthur Jr. is a retired United States Army colonel and NASA astronaut and a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions and one expedition to the International Space Station via the Russian Soyuz capsule.

2001

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
14. STS-98
EVA 1
United States Thomas D. Jones
United States Robert L. Curbeam
February 10, 2001
15:50
February 10, 2001
23:24
7 hours, 34 minutes
Removed protective launch covers and disconnected power and cooling cables between Destiny and Atlantis, while crewmembers inside moved the 3,800-cubic-foot (110 m3) laboratory from the payload bay to its home on the Unity node. Curbeam and Jones then connected electrical, data and cooling lines to the lab, during which a small amount of ammonia crystals leaked from one of the hoses, prompting a decontamination procedure.[24][25]
15. STS-98
EVA 2
United States Thomas D. Jones
United States Robert L. Curbeam
February 12, 2001
15:59
February 12, 2001
22:49
6 hours, 50 minutes
Installed the shuttle docking adapter onto Destiny, installed insulating covers over the pins that held Destiny in place during launch, attached a vent to the lab's air system, installed handrails and sockets on the exterior of Destiny, and attached a base for the future space station robotic arm.[26]
16. STS-98
EVA 3
United States Thomas D. Jones
United States Robert L. Curbeam
February 14, 2001
14:48
February 14, 2001
20:13
5 hours, 25 minutes
Attached a spare communications antenna to the station, double-checked connections between the Destiny lab and its docking port, released a cooling radiator on the station, inspected solar array connections at the top of the station, and tested the ability of a spacewalker to carry an immobile crew member back to the shuttle airlock. This was the 100th U.S. spacewalk.[27]
17. STS-102
EVA 1
United States James S. Voss
United States Susan J. Helms
March 11, 2001
05:12
March 11, 2001
14:08
8 hours, 56 minutes
Prepared Pressurized Mating Adapter-3 for repositioning from Unity’s Earth-facing berth to the port-side berth to make room for Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency-built Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. Removed a Lab Cradle Assembly from the Space Shuttle's cargo bay and installed it on the side of Destiny, and installed a cable tray to Destiny for later use by the station's robot arm. After re-entering the shuttle's airlock, Voss and Helms remained ready to assist if any troubles installing the docking port were encountered by the crew inside the shuttle. Longest space walk in shuttle history.[6]
18. STS-102
EVA 2
United States Andrew S. W. Thomas
United States Paul W. Richards
March 13, 2001
05:23
March 13, 2001
11:44
6 hours, 21 minutes
Installed an External Stowage Platform for spare station parts, attached a spare ammonia coolant pump to the platform, finished connecting several cables put in place on the first EVA for the station's robotic arm. Inspected a Unity node heater connection, and inspected of an exterior experiment, the Floating Potential Probe.[28]
19. STS-100
EVA 1
Canada Chris Hadfield
United States Scott E. Parazynski
April 22, 2001
11:45
April 22, 2001
18:55
7 hours, 10 minutes
Installed the station's UHF antenna, and the Canadian Space Agency made Canadarm2. Connected cables to give the arm power and allow it to accept computer commands from inside the lab. Hadfield became the first Canadian spacewalker.[29]
20. STS-100
EVA 2
Canada Chris Hadfield
United States Scott E. Parazynski
April 24, 2001
12:34
April 24, 2001
20:14
7 hours, 40 minutes
Connected the Power Data Grapple Fixture circuits for Canadarm2 onto Destiny, removed an early communications antenna, transferred a spare Direct Current Switching Unit from the shuttle's payload bay to an equipment storage rack on the outside of Destiny.[30]
21. Expedition 2
Russia Yury Usachev
United States James Voss
June 8, 2001
14:21
June 8, 2001
14:40
0 hours, 19 minutes
Installed the docking cone onto the Zvezda Service Module nader hatch, in preparation for the arrival of the Russian Pirs docking compartment. Only EVA to be conducted from the transfer compartment at the forward end of the Zvezda Service Module.[31]
22. STS-104
EVA 1
United States Michael L. Gernhardt
United States James F. Reilly
July 15, 2001
03:10
July 15, 2001
09:09
5 hours, 59 minutes
Installed the Quest Joint Airlock onto the Unity node.[32][33][34]
23. STS-104
EVA 2
United States Michael L. Gernhardt
United States James F. Reilly
July 18, 2001
03:04
July 18, 2001
09:33
6 hours, 29 minutes
Installed one of two high-pressure nitrogen tanks, and one of two high-pressure oxygen tanks onto Quest, and installed grapple fixture and trunnion covers.[32][34][35]
24. STS-104
EVA 3
United States Michael L. Gernhardt
United States James F. Reilly
July 21, 2001
04:35
July 21, 2001
08:37
4 hours, 02 minutes
First EVA conducted from the Quest airlock. Installed the second high-pressure nitrogen tank, and the second oxygen tank onto the Quest airlock.[34][36][37]
25. STS-105
EVA 1
United States Daniel T. Barry
United States Patrick G. Forrester
August 16, 2001
13:58
August 16, 2001
20:14
6 hours, 16 minutes
Installed an Early Ammonia Servicer onto the station's P6 truss, co-location of the foot restraint in a stowed location, and installed the Materials International Space Station Experiment(MISSE)-1 and 2 containers onto the Quest airlock.[38][39]
26. STS-105
EVA 2
United States Daniel T. Barry
United States Patrick G. Forrester
August 18, 2001
13:42
August 18, 2001
19:11
5 hours, 29 minutes
Installed heater cables and handrails onto the station's Destiny laboratory.[38][39]
27. Expedition 3
EVA 1
*
Russia Vladimir Dezhurov
Russia Mikhail Tyurin
October 8, 2001
14:24
October 8, 2001
19:22
4 hours, 58 minutes
Installed cables between the Pirs, and the Zvezda module to allow spacewalk radio communications between the two sections. Installed handrails onto Pirs, and installed an exterior ladder to assist spacewalkers leaving Pirs. Installed a Strela cargo crane.[40]
28. Expedition 3
EVA 2
*
Russia Vladimir Dezhurov
Russia Mikhail Tyurin
October 15, 2001
09:17
October 15, 2001
15:08
5 hours, 51 minutes
Installed Russian commercial experiments (MPAC-SEEDS) onto the exterior of the Pirs docking compartment.[40]
29. Expedition 3
EVA 3
*
Russia Vladimir Dezhurov
United States Frank Culbertson
November 12, 2001
21:41
November 13, 2001
02:46
5 hours, 05 minutes
Connected cables on the exterior of Pirs for the Kurs automated docking system, completed checks of the Strela cargo crane, and inspected and photographed a panel of a solar array on Zvezda that had a portion of a panel not fully unfolded.[40]
30. Expedition 3
EVA 4
*
Russia Vladimir Dezhurov
Russia Mikhail Tyurin
December 3, 2001
13:20
December 3, 2001
16:06
2 hours, 46 minutes
Removed an obstruction that prevented a Progress resupply ship from firmly docking with the station, and took pictures of the debris and of the docking interface.[40]
31. STS-108
United States Linda M. Godwin
United States Daniel M. Tani
December 10, 2001
17:52
December 10, 2001
22:04
4 hours, 12 minutes
Installed insulating blankets around two Beta Gimbal Assemblies that rotate the station's solar array wings, and performed get-ahead tasks in preparation for STS-110's spacewalks.[41][42][43]

Discover more about 2001 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

STS-98

STS-98

STS-98 was a 2001 Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. It was the first human spaceflight launch of the 21st century. STS-98 delivered to the station the Destiny Laboratory Module. All mission objectives were completed and the shuttle reentered and landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base on 20 February 2001, after twelve days in space, six of which were spent docked to the ISS.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Destiny (ISS module)

Destiny (ISS module)

The Destiny module, also known as the U.S. Lab, is the primary operating facility for U.S. research payloads aboard the International Space Station (ISS). It was berthed to the Unity module and activated over a period of five days in February, 2001. Destiny is NASA's first permanent operating orbital research station since Skylab was vacated in February 1974.

Unity (ISS module)

Unity (ISS module)

The Unity connecting module, also known as Node 1, is the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station (ISS). It connects the Russian and United States segments of the station, and is where crew eat meals together.

Ammonia

Ammonia

Ammonia is an inorganic compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a distinct pungent smell. Biologically, it is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to 45 percent of the world's food and fertilizers. Around 70% of ammonia is used to make fertilisers in various forms and composition, such as urea and Diammonium phosphate. Ammonia in pure form is also applied directly into the soil.

2002

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
32. Expedition 4
EVA 1
*
Russia Yury Onufrienko
United States Carl E. Walz
January 14, 2002
20:59
January 15, 2002
03:02
6 hours, 03 minutes
Moved the cargo boom for the Russian Strela crane from PMA1 to the exterior of the Pirs docking compartment, installed an amateur radio antenna onto the end of Zvezda.[44]
33. Expedition 4
EVA 2
*
Russia Yury Onufrienko
United States Daniel W. Bursch
January 25, 2002
15:19
January 25, 2002
21:18
5 hours, 59 minutes
Installed six deflector shields for Zvezda's jet thrusters, installed a second amateur radio antenna, attached four science experiments, and retrieved and replaced a device to measure material from the thrusters.[44]
34. Expedition 4
EVA 3
United States Carl E. Walz
United States Daniel W. Bursch
February 20, 2002
11:38
February 20, 2002
17:25
5 hours, 47 minutes
Tested the Quest airlock, and prepared it for the four spacewalks that will be performed during STS-110. The first spacewalk to be based out of Quest without a Space Shuttle at the station.[44]
35. STS-110
EVA 1
United States Steven L. Smith
United States Rex J. Walheim
April 11, 2002
14:36
April 11, 2002
22:24
7 hours, 48 minutes
Began installing the S0 Truss onto Destiny, initial power and data connections installed between the station and S0, and installed two forward struts that permanently hold the truss in place.[45]
36. STS-110
EVA 2
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States Lee Morin
April 13, 2002
14:09
April 13, 2002
21:39
7 hours, 30 minutes
Continued S0 Truss installation, power and data cable connections installed between S0 and the station, and installed two aft struts that permanently hold the truss in place.[45]
37. STS-110
EVA 3
United States Steven L. Smith
United States Rex J. Walheim
April 14, 2002
13:48
April 14, 2002
20:15
6 hours, 27 minutes
Released the claw that was used in the initial attachment of the S0 Truss, installed connectors that will be used to route power to Canadarm2 when it is on the truss, released launch restraints from the Mobile Transporter, and removed a small thermal cover the Mobile Transporter's radiator.[45]
38. STS-110
EVA 4
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States Lee Morin
April 16, 2002
14:29
April 16, 2002
21:06
6 hours, 37 minutes
Pivoted the "Airlock Spur", which will be used by spacewalkers in the future as a path from the airlock to the truss, installed handrails onto S0, partially assembled a platform, and installed two floodlights.[45][46]
39. STS-111
EVA 1
United States Franklin Chang-Diaz
France Philippe Perrin
June 9, 2002
15:27
June 9, 2002
22:41
7 hours, 14 minutes
Attached a Power Data Grapple Fixture to the P6 truss, removed debris panels from Endeavour's payload bay and attached them to a temporary location on PMA1, and removed thermal blankets to prepare the Mobile Base System (MBS) for installation onto the station's Mobile Transporter.[47][48]
40. STS-111
EVA 2
United States Franklin Chang-Diaz
France Philippe Perrin
June 11, 2002
15:20
June 11, 2002
20:20
5 hours, 00 minutes
Attached Mobile Base System to the Mobile Transporter, attached power, data and video cables from the station to the MBS.[47][49]
41. STS-111
EVA 3
United States Franklin Chang-Diaz
France Philippe Perrin
June 13, 2002
15:16
June 13, 2002
22:33
7 hours, 17 minutes
Replaced Canadarm2's wrist roll joint, and stowed the old joint in the shuttle's payload bay to be returned to Earth.[47][50]
42. Expedition 5
EVA 1
*
Russia Valery Korzun
United States Peggy Whitson
August 16, 2002
09:25
August 16, 2002
13:48
4 hours, 23 minutes
Installed six micro meteoroid debris panels onto Zvezda.[51]
43. Expedition 5
EVA 2
*
Russia Valery Korzun
Russia Sergei Treshchev
August 26, 2002
05:27
August 26, 2002
10:48
5 hours, 21 minutes
Installed a frame on the outside of Zarya for spacewalk assembly tasks, installed new samples on a pair of Japanese Space Agency experiments housed on Zvezda, installed devices on Zvezda that would simplify the routing of tethers during future spacewalks, and installed two additional ham radio antennas on Zvezda.[51]
44. STS-112
EVA 1
United States David A. Wolf
United States Piers J. Sellers
October 10, 2002
15:21
October 10, 2002
22:22
7 hours, 01 minute
Released launch locks that held the S1 truss radiators in place during launch, attached power, data and fluid lines between the S1 truss and S0, deployed the station's second S-Band communications system, installed the first of two external camera systems, and released launch restraints on the truss' mobile spacewalk workstation, Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA).[52][53]
45. STS-112
EVA 2
United States David A. Wolf
United States Piers J. Sellers
October 12, 2002
14:31
October 12, 2002
20:35
6 hours, 04 minutes
Installed a second camera system, released more radiator launch locks, removed insulation covers on quick-disconnect fittings near the Z1 and P6 junction and to install Spool Positioning Devices, released starboard-side launch restraints on the CETA cart, and attached Ammonia Tank Assembly cables.[52][54]
46. STS-112
EVA 3
United States David A. Wolf
United States Piers J. Sellers
October 14, 2002
14:08
October 14, 2002
20:44
6 hours, 36 minutes
Removed and replaced the Interface Umbilical Assembly on the station's Mobile Transporter, installed two jumpers that will allow ammonia coolant to flow between the S1 and S0 Trusses, released a drag link and stowed it, and installed Spool Positioning Devices (SPD) on ammonia lines.[52][55]
47. STS-113
EVA 1
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
United States John Herrington
November 26, 2002
19:49
November 27, 2002
02:34
6 hours, 45 minutes
Initial installation of the P1 truss, installed connections between the P1 and the S0 truss, released launch restraints on the CETA cart, installed Spool Positioning Devices (SPDs) onto the station, removed a drag link on P1 that served as a launch restraint, and installed a Wireless video system External Transceiver Assembly onto the Unity node.[56][57]
48. STS-113
EVA 2
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
United States John Herrington
November 28, 2002
18:36
November 29, 2002
00:46
6 hours, 10 minutes
Installed fluid jumpers where the S0 and the P1 are attached to each other, removed the P1's starboard keel pin, installed another wireless video system External Transceiver Assembly onto the P1, and relocated the CETA cart from the P1to the S1 truss.[56][58]
49. STS-113
EVA 3
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
United States John Herrington
November 30, 2002
19:25
December 1, 2002
02:25
7 hours, 00 minutes
Installed more Spool Positioning Devices, reconfigured electrical harnesses that route power through the Main Bus Switching Units, and attached Ammonia Tank Assembly lines.[56][59]

Discover more about 2002 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 4

Expedition 4

Expedition 4 was the fourth expedition to the International Space Station.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Carl E. Walz

Carl E. Walz

Carl Erwin Walz is a retired NASA astronaut currently working for Orbital Sciences Corporation's Advanced Programs Group as vice president for Human Space Flight Operations. Walz was formerly assigned to the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. He was the Acting Director for the Advanced Capabilities Division in the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, and was responsible for a broad range of activities to include Human Research, Technology Development, Nuclear Power and Propulsion and the Lunar Robotic Exploration Programs to support the Vision for Space Exploration.

Pressurized Mating Adapter

Pressurized Mating Adapter

The Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA) is a class of spacecraft adapters that convert the Common Berthing Mechanism (CBM) used on the US Orbital Segment to APAS-95 docking ports. There are three PMAs located on the International Space Station (ISS); the first two were launched with the Unity connecting module in 1998 aboard STS-88, and the third was launched in 2000 aboard STS-92. All three of the PMAs are now used to permanently connect parts of the ISS, so they are no longer available as docking ports for visiting spacecraft.

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (Russian: Пирс, meaning "pier") – also called Stykovochny Otsek 1 and DC-1 – was a Russian module on the International Space Station (ISS). Pirs was launched on 14 September 2001, and was located on the Zvezda module of the station. It provided the ISS with one docking port for Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, and allowed egress and ingress for spacewalks by cosmonauts using Russian Orlan space suits. Pirs was docked to Zvezda for almost 20 years, until 26 July 2021, where it was decommissioned and undocked by Progress MS-16 to make way for the new Nauka module.

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda, Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It was the third module launched to the station, and provided all of the station's life support systems, some of which are supplemented in the US Orbital Segment (USOS), as well as living quarters for two crew members. It is the structural and functional center of the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is the Russian part of the ISS. Crew assemble here to deal with emergencies on the station.

Daniel W. Bursch

Daniel W. Bursch

Daniel Wheeler Bursch is a former NASA astronaut, and Captain of the United States Navy. He had four spaceflights, the first three of which were Space Shuttle missions lasting 10 to 11 days each. His fourth and final spaceflight was a long-duration stay aboard the International Space Station as a crew member of Expedition 4, which lasted from December 2001 to June 2002. This 196-day mission set a new record for the longest duration spaceflight for an American astronaut, a record simultaneously set with his crew mate Carl Walz. Their record has since been broken, and as of 2016 it is held by Scott Kelly, who flew a 340-day mission during Expeditions 43, 44 and 45.

2003

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
50. Expedition 6
EVA 1
United States Kenneth Bowersox
United States Donald Pettit
January 15, 2003
12:50
January 15, 2003
19:41
6 hours, 51 minutes
Released the remaining launch locks on the P1 radiator assembly, removed debris on a sealing ring of Unity's docking port, and tested an ammonia reservoir on the station's P6 truss.[60]
51. Expedition 6
EVA 2
United States Kenneth Bowersox
United States Donald Pettit
April 8, 2003
12:40
April 8, 2003
19:06
6 hours, 26 minutes
Reconfigured cables on the S0 (S-Zero), S1 and P1 trusses, replaced a Power Control Module on the Mobile Transporter, installed Spool Positioning Devices on Destiny, and reinstalled a thermal cover on an S1 Radiator Beam Valve Module.[60]

Discover more about 2003 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 6

Expedition 6

Expedition 6 was the sixth expedition to the International Space Station. It was the last three-man crew to reside on the station until the arrival of STS-121. The crew performed two spacewalks in support of maintenance and assembly of the International Space Station.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Donald Pettit

Donald Pettit

Donald Roy Pettit is an American astronaut and chemical engineer. He is a veteran of two long-duration stays aboard the International Space Station, one Space Shuttle mission and a six-week expedition to find meteorites in Antarctica. As of 2022, at age 67, he is NASA's oldest active astronaut.

Unity (ISS module)

Unity (ISS module)

The Unity connecting module, also known as Node 1, is the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station (ISS). It connects the Russian and United States segments of the station, and is where crew eat meals together.

Destiny (ISS module)

Destiny (ISS module)

The Destiny module, also known as the U.S. Lab, is the primary operating facility for U.S. research payloads aboard the International Space Station (ISS). It was berthed to the Unity module and activated over a period of five days in February, 2001. Destiny is NASA's first permanent operating orbital research station since Skylab was vacated in February 1974.

2004

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
52. Expedition 8
*
United States Michael Foale
Russia Alexander Kaleri
February 26, 2004
21:17
February 27, 2004
01:12
3 hours, 55 minutes
Replaced cassette containers that held sample materials for a microgravity experiment, attached the Russian experiment Matryoshka to Zvezda, and removed a JAXA micro-meteor impact experiment. Spacewalk was cut short due a cooling system malfunction in Kaleri's spacesuit.[61]
53. Expedition 9
EVA 1
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
United States Michael Fincke
June 24, 2004
21:56
June 24, 2004
22:10
0 hours, 14 minutes
Spacewalk cut short due to a pressure problem in Fincke's prime oxygen tank in his spacesuit. Mission managers decided to reschedule the spacewalk for June 30.[62][63]
54. Expedition 9
EVA 2
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
United States Michael Fincke
June 30, 2004
21:19
July 1, 2004
02:59
5 hours, 40 minutes
Replaced a Remote Power Controller (RPC) that failed in late April, causing a loss of power in Control Moment Gyroscope No. 2 (CMG 2).[62][64]
55. Expedition 9
EVA 3
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
United States Michael Fincke
August 3, 2004
06:58
August 3, 2004
11:28
4 hours, 30 minutes
Removed laser retro reflectors from the Zvezda assembly compartment, and installed three updated laser retro reflectors and one internal videometer target in preparation for the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV). Installed two antennas, and removed and replaced Kromka experiment packages.[62][65]
56. Expedition 9
EVA 4
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
United States Michael Fincke
September 3, 2004
16:43
September 3, 2004
22:04
5 hours, 20 minutes
Replaced the Zarya Control Module flow control panel, installed four safety tether fairleads on Zarya's handrails, installed three communications antennas, and removed covers from the antennas.[62][66]

Discover more about 2004 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 8

Expedition 8

Expedition 8 was the eighth expedition to the International Space Station.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Michael Foale

Michael Foale

Colin Michael Foale is a British-American astrophysicist and former NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of six space missions, and is the only NASA astronaut to have flown extended missions aboard both Mir and the International Space Station. He was the second Briton in space and the first to perform a space walk. Until 17 April 2008 he held the record for most time spent in space by a US citizen: 374 days, 11 hours, 19 minutes, and he still holds the cumulative-time-in-space record for a UK citizen.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda, Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It was the third module launched to the station, and provided all of the station's life support systems, some of which are supplemented in the US Orbital Segment (USOS), as well as living quarters for two crew members. It is the structural and functional center of the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is the Russian part of the ISS. Crew assemble here to deal with emergencies on the station.

Expedition 9

Expedition 9

Expedition 9 (2004) was the ninth expedition to the International Space Station.

Gennady Padalka

Gennady Padalka

Gennady Ivanovich Padalka is a Russian Air Force officer and a Roscosmos cosmonaut. Padalka currently holds the world record for the most time spent in space, at 879 days. He worked on both Mir and the International Space Station.

Michael Fincke

Michael Fincke

Edward Michael "Mike"/"Spanky" Fincke is an American astronaut who formerly held the American record for the most time in space. His record was broken by Scott Kelly on October 16, 2015.

2005

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
57. Expedition 10
EVA 1
*
United States Leroy Chiao
Russia Salizhan Sharipov
January 26, 2005
07:43
January 26, 2005
13:11
5 hours, 28 minutes
Completed the installation of the Universal Work Platform, mounted the European commercial experiment Rokviss (Robotic Components Verification on ISS) and its antenna, installed the Russian Biorisk experiment, and relocated a Japanese exposure experiment.[67][68]
58. Expedition 10
EVA 2
*
United States Leroy Chiao
Russia Salizhan Sharipov
March 28, 2005
06:25
March 28, 2005
10:55
4 hours, 30 minutes
Installed navigational and communications equipment for the arrival of the first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), and deployed an 11-pound Russian Nanosatellite.[67][69]
59. STS-114
EVA 1
Japan Soichi Noguchi
United States Stephen K. Robinson
July 30, 2005
09:48
July 30, 2005
17:36
6 hours, 50 minutes
Demonstrated shuttle thermal protection repair techniques and enhancements to the Station's attitude control system. installed a base and cabling for an External Stowage Platform, rerouted power to Control Moment Gyroscope-2 (CMG-2), retrieved two exposure experiments, and replaced a faulty global positioning system antenna on the station.[70]
60. STS-114
EVA 2
Japan Soichi Noguchi
United States Stephen K. Robinson
August 1, 2005
08:42
August 1, 2005
15:56
7 hours, 14 minutes
Removed faulty CMG-1 from the Z1 truss, installed faulty CMG-1 into Discovery's payload bay, and installed new CMG-1 onto the Z1 truss segment.[71][72]
61. STS-114
EVA 3
Japan Soichi Noguchi
United States Stephen K. Robinson
August 3, 2005
08:48
August 3, 2005
14:49
6 hours, 01 minute
Photographed and inspected Discovery’s heat shield, removed two protruding gap fillers from between tiles in the forward area of the orbiter's underside, and installed amateur radio satellite PCSAT2.[73]
62. Expedition 11
EVA 1
*
Russia Sergei Krikalev
United States John L. Phillips
August 18, 2005
19:02
August 19, 2005
00:00
4 hours, 58 minutes
Retrieved one of three canisters from the Biorisk experiment, removed Micro-Particles Capturer experiment and Space Environment Exposure Device from Zvezda, retrieved Matroska experiment, installed an Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) docking television camera.[74][75]
63. Expedition 12
EVA 1
United States William S. McArthur
Russia Valery Tokarev
November 7, 2005
15:32
November 7, 2005
20:54
5 hours, 22 minutes
Installed and set up the P1 Truss camera, retrieved a failed Rotary Joint Motor Controller (RJMC), jettisoned a Floating Potential Probe, and removed and replaced a remote power controller module on the Mobile Transporter. First Quest airlock-based spacewalk since April 2003.[76]

Discover more about 2005 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 10

Expedition 10

Expedition 10 (2004–2005) was the tenth expedition to the International Space Station, using the Soyuz TMA-5, which stayed during the expedition for emergency evacuation.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Leroy Chiao

Leroy Chiao

Leroy Chiao is an American chemical engineer, retired NASA astronaut, entrepreneur, motivational speaker, and engineering consultant. Chiao flew on three Space Shuttle flights, and was the commander of Expedition 10, where he lived on board the International Space Station from October 13, 2004 to April 24, 2005. He is also a co-author and researcher for the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity project.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Salizhan Sharipov

Salizhan Sharipov

Salizhan Shakirovich Sharipov is a Kyrgyzstani cosmonaut of Uzbek descent. Sharipov is a co-author and investigator for the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity project. He has been to space twice and has conducted two space walks. Sharipov retired on 18 July 2008.

Automated Transfer Vehicle

Automated Transfer Vehicle

The Automated Transfer Vehicle, originally Ariane Transfer Vehicle or ATV, was an expendable cargo spacecraft developed by the European Space Agency (ESA), used for space cargo transport in 2008–2015. The ATV design was launched to orbit five times, exclusively by the Ariane 5 heavy-lift launch vehicle. It effectively was a larger European counterpart to the Russian Progress cargo spacecraft for carrying upmass to a single destination—the International Space Station (ISS)—but with three times the capacity.

STS-114

STS-114

STS-114 was the first "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Discovery launched at 10:39 EDT, July 26, 2005. The launch, 907 days after the loss of Columbia, was approved despite unresolved fuel sensor anomalies in the external tank that had prevented the shuttle from launching on July 13, its originally scheduled date.

Japan

Japan

Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, while extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, and Taiwan in the south. Japan is a part of the Ring of Fire, and spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Soichi Noguchi

Soichi Noguchi

Soichi Noguchi is a Japanese aeronautical engineer and former JAXA astronaut. His first spaceflight was as a Mission Specialist aboard STS-114 on 26 July 2005 for NASA's first "return to flight" Space Shuttle mission after the Columbia disaster. He was also in space as part of the Soyuz TMA-17 crew and Expedition 22 to the International Space Station (ISS), returning to Earth on 2 June 2010. He is the sixth Japanese astronaut to fly in space, the fifth to fly on the Space Shuttle, and the first to fly on Crew Dragon.

Space Shuttle thermal protection system

Space Shuttle thermal protection system

The Space Shuttle thermal protection system (TPS) is the barrier that protected the Space Shuttle Orbiter during the searing 1,650 °C (3,000 °F) heat of atmospheric reentry. A secondary goal was to protect from the heat and cold of space while in orbit.

2006

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
64. Expedition 12
EVA 2
*
United States William S. McArthur
Russia Valery Tokarev
February 3, 2006
9:55
February 3, 2006
16:27
5 hours, 43 minutes
Released SuitSat-1, retrieved the Biorisk experiment, photographed a sensor for a micrometeoroid experiment, relocated an adapter for a small crane, and tied off the surviving umbilical of the Mobile Transporter.[77]
65. Expedition 13
EVA 1
*
Russia Pavel Vinogradov
United States Jeffrey Williams
June 1, 2006
23:48
June 2, 2006
06:19
6 hours, 31 minutes
Repaired a vent for the station's oxygen-producing Elektron unit, retrieved a Biorisk experiment, retrieved a contamination-monitoring device from Zvezda, and replaced a malfunctioning camera on the Mobile Base System.[78]
66. STS-121
EVA 1
United States Piers Sellers
United States Michael E. Fossum
July 8, 2006
13:17
July 8, 2006
20:48
7 hours, 31 minutes
Installed a blade blocker in the zenith Interface Umbilical Assembly (IUA) to protect the undamaged power, data and video cable, rerouted the cable to prepare for the second EVA. Tested the combination of the Space Shuttle Canadarm(SRMS) and the Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) as a platform for astronauts to make repairs to a damaged orbiter.[79]
67. STS-121
EVA 2
United States Piers Sellers
United States Michael E. Fossum
July 10, 2006
12:14
July 10, 2006
19:01
6 hours, 47 minutes
Restored the International Space Station's Mobile Transporter rail car to full operation, and delivered a spare pump module for the station's cooling system. Sellers' SAFER pack came loose during the EVA, requiring Fossum to stop twice during the spacewalk to secure the pack with safety tethers.[80]
68. STS-121
EVA 3
United States Piers Sellers
United States Michael E. Fossum
July 12, 2006
7:11
July 12, 2006
13:31
7 hours, 11 minutes
Used an infrared camera to shoot 20 seconds of video of selected reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) panels on the shuttle wing's leading edge, and then moved to the payload bay to test a shuttle tile repair material known as NOAX on pre-damaged shuttle tiles that were flown in a test container.[81]
69. Expedition 13
EVA 2
United States Jeffrey Williams
Germany Thomas Reiter
August 3, 2006
14:04
August 3, 2006
19:58
5 hours, 54 minutes
Installed: The Floating Potential Measurement Unit (FPMU), two materials on Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) containers, a controller for a thermal radiator rotary joint on the S1 truss, a starboard jumper and spool positioning device (SPD) on S1, a light on the truss railway handcart, and installed and replaced a malfunctioning GPS antenna. Tested an infrared camera designed to detect damage in a shuttle's reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) thermal protection tiles. Inspection and photography of a scratch on the Quest airlock hatch.[82]
70. STS-115
EVA 1
United States Joe Tanner
United States Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
September 12, 2006
10:17
September 12, 2006
15:43
6 hours, 26 minutes
Initial installation of the P3/P4 truss onto the space station. Connected power cables on the truss, released the launch restraints on the solar array blanket box, the Beta Gimbal Assembly, and the solar array wings. Configured the Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ), and removed two circuit interrupt devices to prepare for STS-116. Piper became the seventh American woman to conduct a spacewalk.[83]
71. STS-115
EVA 2
United States Dan Burbank
Canada Steve MacLean
September 13, 2006
9:05
September 13, 2006
16:16
7 hours, 11 minutes
Continued installation of the P3/4 truss onto the station, and activated the SARJ.[84]
72. STS-115
EVA 3
United States Joe Tanner
United States Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
September 15, 2006
10:00
September 15, 2006
16:42
6 hours, 42 minutes
Installed a radiator onto the P3/4 truss, powered up a cooling radiator for the new solar arrays, replaced an S-Band radio antenna, and installed insulation for another antenna. Tanner took photos of the shuttle's wings using an infrared camera to test the camera's ability to detect damage.[85]
73. Expedition 14
EVA 1
*
Russia Mikhail Tyurin
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
November 22, 2006
23:17
November 23, 2006
04:55
5 hours, 38 minutes
"Orbiting golf shot" event sponsored by a Canadian golf company through the Russian Federal Space Agency. Lopez-Alegria put the tee on the ladder outside Pirs, while Tyurin set up a camera, and then performed the golf shot. Inspected and photographed a Kurs antenna on Progress 23, relocated an Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) WAL antenna, installed a BTN neutron experiment, and jettisoned two thermal covers from the BTN.[86]
74. STS-116
EVA 1
United States Robert Curbeam
Sweden Christer Fuglesang
December 12, 2006
20:31
December 13, 2006
03:07
6 hours, 36 minutes
Installed the ISS P5 Truss, and replaced a video camera on the S1 truss.[87]
75. STS-116
EVA 2
United States Robert Curbeam
Sweden Christer Fuglesang
December 14, 2006
19:41
December 15, 2006
00:41
5 hours, 00 minutes
Reconfigured the station's electrical wiring, channels 2–3 on the P3/P4 truss to take advantage of the new solar arrays, relocated two handcarts that run along rails on the station's main truss, put a thermal cover on the station's robotic arm, and installed bags of tools for future spacewalkers.[88]
76. STS-116
EVA 3
United States Robert Curbeam
United States Sunita Williams
December 16, 2006
19:25
December 17, 2006
02:57
7 hours, 31 minutes
Completed rewiring the station's electrical system, circuits 1 and 4, to take advantage of the P3/P4 solar array power, installed a robotic arm grapple fixture, and positioned three bundles of Russian debris shield panels outside Zvezda. Additional time was spent trying to help retract the P6 solar array panel by shaking the panel's blanket box from its base. (Williams became the 8th American woman to perform an EVA, and the 9th woman spacewalker.)[89]
77. STS-116
EVA 4
United States Robert Curbeam
Sweden Christer Fuglesang
December 18, 2006
19:00
December 19, 2006
01:38
6 hours, 38 minutes
Assisted ground controllers with retracting the P6 solar array panels. Curbeam, on his seventh spacewalk, set a single-flight EVA record with four spacewalks in a single shuttle mission.[90]

Discover more about 2006 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 12

Expedition 12

Expedition 12 (2005) was the 12th expedition to the International Space Station, launched from Kazakhstan using the Russian Soyuz TMA-7 spacecraft. The crew landed back in Kazakhstan on 8 April 2006 with the addition of the first Brazilian astronaut, Marcos Pontes.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

William S. McArthur

William S. McArthur

William Surles McArthur Jr. is a retired United States Army colonel and NASA astronaut and a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions and one expedition to the International Space Station via the Russian Soyuz capsule.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Umbilical cable

Umbilical cable

An umbilical cable or umbilical is a cable and/or hose that supplies required consumables to an apparatus, like a rocket, or to a person, such as a diver or astronaut. It is named by analogy with an umbilical cord. An umbilical can, for example, supply air and power to a pressure suit or hydraulic power, electrical power and fiber optics to subsea equipment and divers.

Expedition 13

Expedition 13

Expedition 13 was the 13th expedition to the International Space Station (ISS), and launched at 02:30 UTC on 30 March 2006. The expedition used the Soyuz TMA-8 spacecraft, which stayed at the station for the duration of the expedition for emergency evacuation.

Pavel Vinogradov

Pavel Vinogradov

Pavel Vladimirovich Vinogradov is a cosmonaut and former commander of the International Space Station. As of May 2013, he has flown into space three times, aboard Mir and the International Space Station, and is one of the top 10 astronauts in terms of total time in space. Vinogradov has also conducted seven spacewalks in his cosmonaut career, and holds the record for the oldest person to perform a spacewalk.

Jeffrey Williams (astronaut)

Jeffrey Williams (astronaut)

Jeffrey Nels Williams is a retired United States Army officer and a NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of four space flights and formerly held the American record for most days spent in space, which was surpassed in April 2017 by his colleague Peggy Whitson. He still holds the record of the longest time in space for an American man.

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda, Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It was the third module launched to the station, and provided all of the station's life support systems, some of which are supplemented in the US Orbital Segment (USOS), as well as living quarters for two crew members. It is the structural and functional center of the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is the Russian part of the ISS. Crew assemble here to deal with emergencies on the station.

STS-121

STS-121

STS-121 was a 2006 NASA Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Discovery. The main purposes of the mission were to test new safety and repair techniques introduced following the Columbia disaster of February 2003 as well as to deliver supplies, equipment and German European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Thomas Reiter to the ISS.

Piers Sellers

Piers Sellers

Piers John Sellers was a British-American meteorologist, NASA astronaut and Director of the Earth Science Division at NASA/GSFC. He was a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions. Sellers attended Cranbrook School, Cranbrook, Kent, United Kingdom, until 1973, and achieved a bachelor's degree in ecological science from the University of Edinburgh in 1976. In 1981 he gained a doctorate in biometeorology from the University of Leeds. In 2011, Sellers retired from the NASA Astronaut Corps.

2007

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
78. Expedition 14
EVA 2
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
United States Sunita Williams
January 31, 2007
15:14
January 31, 2007
23:09
7 hours, 55 minutes
Reconfigured one of the two cooling loops serving Destiny from the temporary to permanent system, connected a cable for the Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer System (SSPTS), installed six cable cinches and two winch bars to secure the starboard radiator of the P6 Truss, and then installed a shroud over it. Removed one of two fluid lines from the Early Ammonia Servicer (EAS) on the P6 Truss. The EAS would be jettisoned during a later EVA.[91]
79. Expedition 14
EVA 3
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
United States Sunita Williams
February 4, 2007
13:38
February 4, 2007
20:49
7 hours, 11 minutes
Reconfigured the second of the two cooling loops serving Destiny from the temporary to permanent system, completed work with the Early Ammonia Servicer (EAS) on the P6 Truss, photographed the inboard end of the P6 starboard solar wing in preparation for its retraction during STS-117, removed a sunshade from a multiplexer-demultiplexer data relay device, and continued work on the SSPTS.[92]
80. Expedition 14
EVA 4
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
United States Sunita Williams
February 8, 2007
13:26
February 8, 2007
20:06
6 hours, 40 minutes
Removed two thermal shrouds on two Rotary Joint Motor Controllers (RJMC) on the P3 truss, removed two large shrouds from P3 Bays 18 and 20, and jettisoned the shrouds away from the station. Deployed an Unpressurized Cargo Carrier Assembly Attachment System (UCCAS) on the upper face of the P3 truss, removed two launch locks from the P5 truss, and connected four cables of the SSPTS to the Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA-2) at the forward end of Destiny where shuttles dock.[93]
81. Expedition 14
EVA 5
*
Russia Mikhail Tyurin
United States Michael Lopez-Alegria
February 22, 2007
10:27
February 22, 2007
16:45
6 hours, 18 minutes
Retracted the antenna of the Progress cargo carrier at the aft port of the Zvezda service module, photographed a Russian satellite navigation antenna, and replaced a Russian materials experiment, inspected and photographed an antenna for the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), photographed a German robotics experiment, and inspected, remated, and photographed hardware connectors.[94]
82. Expedition 15
EVA 1
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Oleg Kotov
May 30, 2007
19:05
May 31, 2007
00:30
5 hours, 25 minutes
Installed Service Module Debris Protection (SMDP) panels and rerouted a Global Positioning System antenna cable.[95]
83. Expedition 15
EVA 2
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Oleg Kotov
June 6, 2007
14:23
June 6, 2007
20:00
5 hours, 37 minutes
Installed a section of Ethernet cable on the Zarya module, installed additional Service Module Debris Protection (SMDP) panels on Zvezda, and deployed a Russian scientific experiment.[96]
84. STS-117
EVA 1
United States James F. Reilly
United States John D. Olivas
June 11, 2007
20:02
June 12, 2007
02:17
6 hours, 15 minutes
Began the S3/S4 Truss installation.[97]
85. STS-117
EVA 2
United States Patrick G. Forrester
United States Steven Swanson
June 13, 2007
18:28
June 14, 2007
01:44
7 hours, 16 minutes
Assisted in retraction of the solar panels on the P6 Truss. Completed the S3/S4 truss installation. Partial failure due to the S3/S4 SARJ motor control circuits being wired in reverse, so some launch restraints were left in place to prevent the possibility of undesired rotation.[98]
86. STS-117
EVA 3
United States James F. Reilly
United States John D. Olivas
June 15, 2007
17:24
June 16, 2007
01:22
7 hours, 58 minutes
Repaired the Orbital Maneuvering System (OMS) pod thermal blanket, finished the P6 solar array retraction, and installed a hydrogen ventilation valve onto Destiny.[99]
87. STS-117
EVA 4
United States Patrick G. Forrester
United States Steven Swanson
June 17, 2007
16:25
June 17, 2007
22:54
6 hours, 29 minutes
Retrieved a television camera and its support structure from an External Stowage Platform attached to the Quest airlock, and installed it on the S3 truss, verified the Drive Lock Assembly (DLA) 2 configuration, and removed the last six SARJ launch restraints. Installed a computer network cable on the Unity node, opened the hydrogen vent valve on the Destiny laboratory, and tethered two orbital debris shield panels on the station's service module.[100]
88. Expedition 15
EVA 3
United States Clayton Anderson
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
July 23, 2007
10:25
July 23, 2007
18:06
7 hours, 41 minutes
Replaced components for the Mobile Transporter's redundant power system, jettisoned an ammonia tank and flight support equipment, and cleaned the Common Berthing Mechanism (CBM) on the nadir port of Unity.[101][102]
89. STS-118
EVA 1
United States Richard Mastracchio
Canada Dafydd Williams
August 11, 2007
16:28
August 11, 2007
23:45
6 hours, 17 minutes
Attached the Starboard 5 (S5) segment of the station's truss, and retracted the forward heat-rejecting radiator from the station's Port 6 (P6) truss.[103]
90. STS-118
EVA 2
United States Richard Mastracchio
Canada Dafydd Williams
August 13, 2007
15:32
August 13, 2007
22:00
6 hours, 28 minutes
Removed the new Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG) from the shuttle's payload bay and installed it onto the Z1 truss. Installed the failed CMG onto an External Stowage Platform (ESP-2).[104]
91. STS-118
EVA 3
United States Richard Mastracchio
United States Clay Anderson
August 15, 2007
14:38
August 15, 2007
20:05
5 hours, 28 minutes
Moved two Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) carts from tracks on the left side of the Canadarm2 Mobile Transporter to its right side. Relocated an antenna base from the P6 truss to P1, and installed a new transponder and signal processor for an S-band communications upgrade. During the EVA, Mastracchio noted a hole in the second layer of material on the thumb of his left glove. The suit has five protective layers, and the small hole did not cause any danger to Mastracchio, but he returned to the airlock early as a precautionary measure.[105]
92. STS-118
EVA 4
Canada Dafydd Williams
United States Clay Anderson
August 18, 2007
14:17
August 18, 2007
19:02
5 hours, 02 minutes
Retrieved Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) containers 3 and 4, installed the Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) Boom Stand, installed an External Wireless Instrumentation System (EWIS) antenna, and secured Z1 gimbal locks.[106]
93. STS-120
EVA 1
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Douglas H. Wheelock
October 26, 2007
10:02
October 26, 2007
16:16
6 hours, 14 minutes
Installed the new Harmony module in its temporary location, retrieved the S-Band Antenna Support Assembly, and prepared for the relocation of the P6 truss by disconnecting fluid lines on the P6/Z1 truss segments.[107]
94. STS-120
EVA 2
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Daniel M. Tani
October 28, 2007
09:32
October 28, 2007
16:05
6 hours, 33 minutes
Disconnected the Z1-to-P6 umbilicals, detached P6 from Z1, configured the S1 radiator, installed handrails onto Harmony, and inspected the S4 starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ).[108]
95. STS-120
EVA 3
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Douglas H. Wheelock
October 30, 2007
08:45
October 30, 2007
15:53
7 hours, 08 minutes
Attached P6 to P5, installed P6/P5 umbilical connections, reconfigured S1 following its redeployment, and inspected the port SARJ.[109]
96. STS-120
EVA 4
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Douglas H. Wheelock
November 3, 2007
10:03
November 3, 2007
17:22
7 hours, 19 minutes
Inspection and repair of the P6 solar array.[110]
97. Expedition 16
EVA 1
United States Peggy Whitson
Russia Yuri Malenchenko
November 9, 2007
09:54
November 9, 2007
16:49
6 hours, 55 minutes
Disconnected and stored the Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer System cables, stored the PMA-2 umbilical, and stowed a Harmony node avionics umbilical into a temporary position.[111][112]
98. Expedition 16
EVA 2
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Daniel M. Tani
November 20, 2007
10:10
November 20, 2007
17:26
7 hours, 16 minutes
External configuration of PMA-2 and Harmony: Fluid, electrical, and data lines attached, avionics lines hooked up, heater cables attached, and relocated a fluid tray.[113]
99. Expedition 16
EVA 3
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Daniel M. Tani
November 24, 2007
09:50
November 24, 2007
16:54
7 hours, 04 minutes
Completion of fluid, electrical, and data line hookups for PMA-2 and Harmony. Loop B Fluid Tray connected to the port side of the Destiny laboratory. Inspected and photographed the starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ) to assist with troubleshooting on the ground.[114]
100. Expedition 16
EVA 4
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Daniel M. Tani
December 18, 2007
09:50
December 18, 2007
16:46
6 hours, 56 minutes
Inspected the S4 starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ), and a Beta Gimbal Assembly (BGA).[115] Records: 100th EVA in support of assembly and maintenance of the International Space Station. Whitson became the female astronaut with the most EVAs (five) and the most time spent in EVA, with a total of 32 hours, 36 minutes.[116][117][118]

Discover more about 2007 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 14

Expedition 14

Expedition 14 was the 14th expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). Commander Michael López-Alegría, and flight engineer Mikhail Tyurin launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 18 September 2006, 04:09 UTC, aboard Soyuz TMA-9. They joined Thomas Reiter, who had arrived at the ISS on 6 July 2006 aboard Space Shuttle Discovery during mission STS-121. In December 2006, Discovery mission STS-116 brought Sunita Williams to replace Reiter as the third member of Expedition 14. On 21 April 2007, López-Alegría and Tyurin returned to Earth aboard TMA-9. Landing occurred at 12:31:30 UTC.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Sunita Williams

Sunita Williams

Sunita Lyn Williams is an American astronaut and United States Navy officer who formerly held the records for most spacewalks by a woman (seven) and most spacewalk time for a woman. Williams was assigned to the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she served as a flight engineer on Expedition 32 and then commander of Expedition 33.

Destiny (ISS module)

Destiny (ISS module)

The Destiny module, also known as the U.S. Lab, is the primary operating facility for U.S. research payloads aboard the International Space Station (ISS). It was berthed to the Unity module and activated over a period of five days in February, 2001. Destiny is NASA's first permanent operating orbital research station since Skylab was vacated in February 1974.

STS-117

STS-117

STS-117 was a Space Shuttle mission flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis, launched from pad 39A of the Kennedy Space Center on 8 June 2007. Atlantis lifted off from the launch pad at 19:38 EDT. Damage from a hail storm on 26 February 2007 had previously caused the launch to be postponed from an originally-planned launch date of 15 March 2007. The launch of STS-117 marked the 250th orbital human spaceflight.

2008

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
101. Expedition 16
EVA 5
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Daniel M. Tani
January 30, 2008
09:56
January 30, 2008
17:06
7 hours, 10 minutes
Replaced the Bearing Motor Roll Ring Module on one of the station's solar wings, and inspected and photographed the starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ).[119]
102. STS-122
EVA 1
United States Rex J. Walheim
United States Stanley G. Love
February 11, 2008
14:13
February 11, 2008
22:11
7 hours, 58 minutes
Installed a grapple fixture on Columbus while it was still in the shuttle's payload bay, prepared electrical and data connections on Columbus, and replaced a large nitrogen tank used for pressurizing the station's ammonia cooling system.[120]
103. STS-122
EVA 2
United States Rex J. Walheim
Germany Hans Schlegel
February 13, 2008
14:27
February 13, 2008
21:12
6 hours, 45 minutes
Installed the P1 Truss Nitrogen (N2) tank assembly, stowed the old N2 tank assembly into the shuttle's payload bay, and completed routing for the Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer System (SSPTS).[121]
104. STS-122
EVA 3
United States Rex J. Walheim
United States Stanley G. Love
February 15, 2008
14:27
February 15, 2008
20:32
7 hours, 25 minutes
Installed the Solar Monitoring Observatory (SOLAR) telescope and the European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF) facility onto an External Stowage Platform (ESP) on Columbus. Retrieved a failed Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG), installed the failed CMG into the shuttle's payload bay, and installed keel pin cloth covers on Columbus.[122]
105. STS-123
EVA 1
United States Richard M. Linnehan
United States Garrett Reisman
March 14, 2008
01:18
March 14, 2008
08:19
7 hours, 01 minute
Installed the Japanese Experiment Logistics Module, Pressurized Section (ELM-PS) onto its temporary location on top of Harmony, and began assembly of the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (Dextre) .[123]
106. STS-123
EVA 2
United States Richard M. Linnehan
United States Michael Foreman
March 15, 2008
23:49
March 16, 2008
06:57
7 hours, 08 minutes
Dextre assembly continued, two "arms" attached to Dextre.[124]
107. STS-123
EVA 3
United States Richard M. Linnehan
United States Robert L. Behnken
March 17, 2008
22:51
March 18, 2008
05:44
6 hours, 53 minutes
Dextre assembly completed. Spare equipment for the station installed onto an external stowage platform (ESP) on the Quest airlock, including a yaw joint for the station's robotic arm, Canadarm2, and two spare direct current switching units.[125]
108. STS-123
EVA 4
United States Michael Foreman
United States Robert L. Behnken
March 20, 2008
22:04
March 21, 2008
04:28
6 hours, 24 minutes
Replaced a Remote Power Control (RPC) module, and tested shuttle thermal tile repair materials and techniques. Removed a cover from the left arm of Dextre, and removed launch locks from the Harmony module. Released launch locks on Harmony's port and nadir Common Berthing Mechanisms (CBM).[126]
109. STS-123
EVA 5
United States Michael Foreman
United States Robert L. Behnken
March 22, 2008
20:34
March 23, 2008
02:36
6 hours, 02 minutes
Stored the shuttle Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) onto the station, installed a materials experiment on the outside of the Columbus laboratory, and inspected the Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ).[127]
110. STS-124
EVA 1
United States Michael E. Fossum
United States Ronald J. Garan
June 3, 2008
16:24
June 3, 2008
23:12
6 hours, 48 minutes
Released straps on the shuttle's robotic arm elbow joint camera, transferred the OBSS back to the shuttle. Prepared the Japanese Experiment Module, Pressurized Module (JEM-PM), named Kibo, for installation. Replaced a trundle bearing assembly on the starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint, and inspected damage on the SARJ.[128][129]
111. STS-124
EVA 2
United States Michael E. Fossum
United States Ronald J. Garan
June 5, 2008
15:04
June 5, 2008
22:15
7 hours, 11 minutes
Installed covers and external equipment to Kibo, prepared for the relocation of the Japanese Experiment Logistics Module, Pressurized Section (ELM-PS). Prepared a nitrogen tank assembly for removal, and the new tank was stowed on an External Stowage Platform to prepare for installation. Removed a television camera with failed power supply.[130]
112. STS-124
EVA 3
United States Michael E. Fossum
United States Ronald J. Garan
June 8, 2008
13:55
June 8, 2008
20:28
6 hours, 33 minutes
Removed and replaced the starboard nitrogen tank assembly. Finished outfitting the Kibo laboratory. Reinstalled a television camera with a repaired power supply.[130]
113. Expedition 17
EVA 1
*
Russia Sergei Volkov
Russia Oleg Kononenko
July 10, 2008
18:48
July 11, 2008
1:06
6 hours, 18 minutes
Inspected the Soyuz TMA-12 spacecraft, removed a pyrotechnic bolt from the Soyuz, installed a docking target for the new Russian MRM (Multipurpose Research Module) on the Service Module Transfer Compartment.[131][132]
114. Expedition 17
EVA 2
*
Russia Sergei Volkov
Russia Oleg Kononenko
July 15, 2008
17:08
July 15, 2008
23:02
5 hours, 54 minutes
Installed a docking target on the Zvezda service module. Installed the Vsplesk experiment, straightened the ham radio antenna, and retrieved the Biorisk experiment.[133][134][135][136]
115. STS-126
EVA 1
United States Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
United States Stephen G. Bowen
November 18, 2008
18:09
November 19, 2008
01:01
6 hours, 52 minutes
Transferred an empty nitrogen tank assembly from ESP3 to the shuttle's cargo bay, transferred a new flex hose rotary coupler to ESP3 for future use, removed an insulation cover on the Kibo External Facility berthing mechanism, began cleaning and lubrication of the starboard SARJ, and replacement of its 11 trundle bearing assemblies.[137][138]
116. STS-126
EVA 2
United States Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
United States Robert S. Kimbrough
November 20, 2008
17:58
November 21, 2008
00:43
6 hours, 45 minutes
Relocated the two Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) carts from the starboard side of the Mobile Transporter to the port side, lubricated the station robotic arm's latching end effector A snare bearings, continued cleaning and lubrication of the starboard SARJ. EVA was conducted on the station's tenth anniversary.[139][140][141]
117. STS-126
EVA 3
United States Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
United States Stephen G. Bowen
November 22, 2008
18:01
November 23, 2008
00:58
6 hours, 57 minutes
Completed cleaning and lubrication of all but one of the trundle bearing assemblies (TBA) on the starboard SARJ. The final TBA will be replaced during EVA 4.[142][143]
118. STS-126
EVA 4
United States Stephen G. Bowen
United States Robert S. Kimbrough
November 24, 2008
18:24
November 25, 2008
00:31
6 hours, 07 minutes
Completed replacement of trundle bearing assemblies on starboard SARJ, lubricated the port SARJ, installed a video camera, re‐installed insulation covers on the Kibo External Facility berthing mechanism, performed Kibo robotic arm grounding tab maintenance, installed spacewalk handrails on Kibo, installed Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) antennae on Kibo, photographed radiators, and photographed trailing umbilical system cables.[144][145]
119. Expedition 18
EVA 1
*
Russia Yuri Lonchakov
United States Michael Fincke
December 23, 2008
00:51
December 23, 2008
06:29
5 hours, 38 minutes
Installed the electromagnetic energy measuring device, (Langmuir probe) on Pirs, removed the Russian Biorisk long-duration experiment, installed the Expose-R experiment package on Zvezda, but subsequently removed it after it failed to activate and transmit telemetry on ground command. Installed the Impulse experiment, and photographed external ISS structures as part of the "Panorama-2008" detailed test objective (DTO).[7]

Discover more about 2008 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 16

Expedition 16

Expedition 16 was the 16th expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). The first two crew members, Yuri Malenchenko and Peggy Whitson, launched on 10 October 2007, aboard Soyuz TMA-11, and were joined by spaceflight participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, the first Malaysian in space.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Peggy Whitson

Peggy Whitson

Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Whitson has a total of 665 days in space, more than any other woman or American.

Daniel M. Tani

Daniel M. Tani

Daniel M. Tani is an American engineer and retired NASA astronaut. He was born in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania, but considers Lombard, Illinois, to be his hometown.

STS-122

STS-122

STS-122 was a NASA Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS), flown by the Space Shuttle Atlantis. STS-122 marked the 24th shuttle mission to the ISS, and the 121st Space Shuttle flight overall.

Rex J. Walheim

Rex J. Walheim

Rex Joseph Walheim is a retired United States Air Force officer, engineer and NASA astronaut. He flew three Space Shuttle missions, STS-110, STS-122, and STS-135. Walheim logged over 566 hours in space, including 36 hours and 23 minutes of spacewalk (EVA) time. He was assigned as mission specialist and flight engineer on STS-135, the final Space Shuttle mission.

Stanley G. Love

Stanley G. Love

Stanley Glen Love is an American scientist and a NASA astronaut from Oregon.

Germany

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. It is the second most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; it covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), with a population of almost 84 million within its 16 constituent states. Germany borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation's capital and most populous city is Berlin and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Hans Schlegel

Hans Schlegel

Hans Wilhelm Schlegel is a German physicist, a former ESA astronaut, and a veteran of two NASA Space Shuttle missions.

2009

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
120. Expedition 18
EVA 2
*
Russia Yuri Lonchakov
United States Michael Fincke
March 10, 2009
16:22
March 10, 2009
21:11
4 hours, 49 minutes
Installed the EXPOSE-R onto the universal science platform of the Zvezda module, removed tape straps from the area of the docking target on the Pirs airlock and docking compartment, inspected and photographed the exterior of the Russian portion of the station.[146]
121. STS-119
EVA 1
United States Steven R. Swanson
United States Richard R. Arnold
March 19, 2009
17:16
March 19, 2009
23:23
6 hours, 07 minutes
Installed the Starboard 6 (S6) truss to the S5 truss, connected S5/S6 umbilicals, released launch restraints, removed keel pins, stored and removed thermal covers, and deployed the S6 photovoltaic radiator.[147]
122. STS-119
EVA 2
United States Steven R. Swanson
United States Joseph M. Acaba
March 21, 2009
16:51
March 21, 2009
23:21
6 hours, 30 minutes
Advanced preparation of a worksite for STS-127, partially installed an unpressurized cargo carrier attachment system on the P3 truss, installed a Global Positioning System antenna to the Kibo laboratory, and obtained infrared imagery of panels of the radiators on the P1 and S1 trusses.[148][149]
123. STS-119
EVA 3
United States Joseph M. Acaba
United States Richard R. Arnold
March 23, 2009
15:37
March 23, 2009
22:04
6 hours, 27 minutes
Relocated a crew equipment cart, completed the deployment of a cargo carrier, and finished swapping electrical relays to the station's gyroscopes.[150]
124. Expedition 20
EVA 1
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
United States Michael R. Barratt
June 5, 2009
7:52
June 5, 2009
12:46
4 hours, 54 minutes
Prepared the Zvezda service module transfer compartment for the arrival of the Mini-Research Module 2, installed docking antenna for the module, photographed antenna for evaluation on the ground, and photographed the Strela-2 crane.[151][152]
125. Expedition 20
EVA 2
Russia Gennady Padalka
United States Michael R. Barratt
June 10, 2009
6:55
June 10, 2009
7:07
0 hours, 12 minutes
Internal spacewalk in the depressurized Zvezda transfer compartment, replaced one of the Zvezda hatches with a docking cone, in preparation for the docking of the Mini-Research Module 2, or MRM2, later this year. The MRM2 will dock automatically to the zenith port of Zvezda, and serve as an additional docking port for Russian vehicles.[153]
126. STS-127
EVA 1
United States David Wolf
United States Timothy L. Kopra
July 18, 2009
16:19
July 18, 2009
21:51
5 hours, 32 minutes
JEF installed and P3 nadir UCCAS deployed. S3 zenith outboard PAS deploy postponed due to time constraints.
127. STS-127
EVA 2
United States David Wolf
United States Thomas Marshburn
July 20, 2009
15:27
July 20, 2009
22:20
6 hours, 53 minutes
Transferred Orbital Replacement Units (ORUs) from the Shuttle Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC) to the External Stowage Platform-3 (ESP-3). Transferred materials included a spare high-gain antenna, cooling-system pump module and spare parts for the Mobile Servicing System. JEF Visual Equipment (JEF-VE) installation on the forward section was postponed due to time constraints.
128. STS-127
EVA 3
United States David Wolf
United States Christopher Cassidy
July 22, 2009
14:32
July 22, 2009
20:31
5 hours, 59 minutes
JPM preparation work, ICS-EF MLI, and P6 battery replacement (2 of 6 units). EVA was cut short due to high levels of CO2in Cassidy's suit.
129. STS-127
EVA 4
United States Christopher Cassidy
United States Thomas Marshburn
July 24, 2009
13:54
July 24, 2009
21:06
7 hours, 12 minutes
P6 battery replacement (final 4 of 6).
130. STS-127
EVA 5
United States Christopher Cassidy
United States Thomas Marshburn
July 27, 2009
11:33
July 27, 2009
16:27
4 hours, 54 minutes
SPDM thermal cover adjustment, Z1 patch panel reconfiguration, JEM visual equipment (JEM-VE) installation (forward and aft), and JEM-LTA reconfigurations. S3 Nadir PAS (outboard) deployment postponed to later mission.
131. STS-128
EVA 1
United States John D. Olivas
United States Nicole P. Stott
September 1, 2009
21:49
September 2, 2009
04:24
6 hours, 35 minutes
Prepared for the replacement of an empty ammonia tank on the station's port truss by releasing its bolts. Retrieved the MISSE-6 and EuTEF experiments mounted outside of Columbus, and stowed them in the Shuttle's payload bay for their return to Earth. (Stott became the 9th American woman to perform an EVA, and the 10th woman spacewalker.)
132. STS-128
EVA 2
United States John D. Olivas
Sweden Christer Fuglesang
September 3, 2009
22:13
September 4, 2009
04:51
6 hours, 39 minutes
Removed the new ammonia tank from the shuttle's payload bay and replaced it with the used tank from the station. The new tank, weighing about 1,800 pounds (820 kg), was the most mass ever moved by spacewalking astronauts.
133. STS-128
EVA 3
United States John D. Olivas
Sweden Christer Fuglesang
September 5, 2009
20:39
September 6, 2009
03:40
7 hours, 01 minute
Prepared for the arrival of Tranquility by attaching cables between the starboard truss and Unity, the area where Tranquility will be installed. The spacewalkers also replaced a communications sensor device, installed two new GPS antennas, deployed the PAS on the S3 truss, and replaced a circuit breaker.
134. STS-129
EVA 1
United States Michael Foreman
United States Robert Satcher
November 19, 2009
14:24
November 19, 2009
21:01
6 hours, 37 minutes
Installed a spare antenna on the station's truss and a bracket for ammonia lines on Unity. Lubricated the grapple mechanism on the Payload Orbital Replacement Unit Attachment Device on the Mobile Base System and lubricated the snares of the hand of the station's Japanese robotic arm. Deployed the S3 outboard Payload Attach System.
135. STS-129
EVA 2
United States Michael Foreman
United States Randolph Bresnik
November 21, 2009
14:31
November 21, 2009
20:39
6 hours, 08 minutes
Installed the GATOR (Grappling Adaptor to On-Orbit Railing) bracket to Columbus and an additional ham radio antenna. Installed on the truss an antenna for wireless helmet camera video. Relocated the Floating Potential Measurement Unit that records electrical potential around the station as it orbits the Earth. Deployed two brackets to attach cargo on the truss.
136. STS-129
EVA 3
United States Robert Satcher
United States Randolph Bresnik
November 23, 2009
13:24
November 23, 2009
19:06
5 hours, 42 minutes
Installed a new High Pressure Gas Tank (HPGT) on the Quest airlock. Installed MISSE-7A and 7B on ELC-2. Strapped two micrometeoroid and orbital debris (MMOD) shields to External Stowage Platform #2. Relocated foot restraint, released a bolt on Ammonia Tank Assembly, installed insulated covers on cameras on mobile servicing system and Canadarm 2's end effector. Worked heater cables on docking adapter.

Discover more about 2009 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 18

Expedition 18

Expedition 18 was the 18th permanent crew of the International Space Station (ISS). The first two crew members, Michael Fincke, and Yuri Lonchakov were launched on 12 October 2008, aboard Soyuz TMA-13. With them was astronaut Sandra Magnus, who joined the Expedition 18 crew after launching on STS-126 and remained until departing on STS-119 on 25 March 2009. She was replaced by JAXA astronaut Koichi Wakata, who arrived at the ISS on STS-119 on 17 March 2009. Gregory Chamitoff, who joined Expedition 18 after Expedition 17 left the station, ended his stay aboard ISS and returned to Earth with the STS-126 crew.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Michael Fincke

Michael Fincke

Edward Michael "Mike"/"Spanky" Fincke is an American astronaut who formerly held the American record for the most time in space. His record was broken by Scott Kelly on October 16, 2015.

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda (ISS module)

Zvezda, Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It was the third module launched to the station, and provided all of the station's life support systems, some of which are supplemented in the US Orbital Segment (USOS), as well as living quarters for two crew members. It is the structural and functional center of the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is the Russian part of the ISS. Crew assemble here to deal with emergencies on the station.

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (Russian: Пирс, meaning "pier") – also called Stykovochny Otsek 1 and DC-1 – was a Russian module on the International Space Station (ISS). Pirs was launched on 14 September 2001, and was located on the Zvezda module of the station. It provided the ISS with one docking port for Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, and allowed egress and ingress for spacewalks by cosmonauts using Russian Orlan space suits. Pirs was docked to Zvezda for almost 20 years, until 26 July 2021, where it was decommissioned and undocked by Progress MS-16 to make way for the new Nauka module.

STS-119

STS-119

STS-119 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was flown by space shuttle Discovery during March 2009. It delivered and assembled the fourth starboard Integrated Truss Segment (S6), and the fourth set of solar arrays and batteries to the station. The launch took place on 15 March 2009, at 19:43 EDT. Discovery successfully landed on 28 March 2009, at 15:13 pm EDT.

Richard R. Arnold

Richard R. Arnold

Richard Robert "Ricky" Arnold II is an American educator and a NASA astronaut. He flew on Space Shuttle mission STS-119, which launched March 15, 2009, and delivered the final set of solar arrays to the International Space Station. He launched again in 2018 to the ISS, onboard Soyuz MS-08.

Joseph M. Acaba

Joseph M. Acaba

Joseph Michael "Joe" Acabá is a Puerto Rican educator, hydrogeologist, and NASA astronaut. In May 2004 he became the first person of Puerto Rican heritage to be named as a NASA astronaut candidate, when he was selected as a member of NASA Astronaut Training Group 19. He completed his training on February 10, 2006, and was assigned to STS-119, which flew from March 15 to 28, 2009, to deliver the final set of solar arrays to the International Space Station.

2010

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
137. Expedition 22
EVA 1
*
Russia Oleg Kotov
Russia Maksim Surayev
January 14, 2010
10:05
January 14, 2010
15:49
5 hours, 44 minutes
Prepared the Poisk module for future dockings.[154]
138. STS-130
EVA 1
United States Robert L. Behnken
United States Nicholas Patrick
February 12, 2010
02:17
February 12, 2010
08:49
6 hours, 32 minutes
Removed a protective cover on a port on the Unity node where Tranquility was berthed halfway through the spacewalk. The pair then transferred a spare parts platform for the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator from the shuttle to the station. Behnken and Patrick will then made several connections on the newly installed Tranquility node to begin its activation.
139. STS-130
EVA 2
United States Robert L. Behnken
United States Nicholas Patrick
February 14, 2010
02:20
February 14, 2010
08:14
5 hours, 54 minutes
Installed ammonia plumbing and connectors between Unity, Destiny and Tranquility and covered them with thermal insulation. Prepare the nadir port on Tranquility for the relocation of the Cupola, and installed handrails on the exterior of Tranquility.
140. STS-130
EVA 3
United States Robert L. Behnken
United States Nicholas Patrick
February 17, 2010
02:15
February 17, 2010
08:03
5 hours, 48 minutes
Installed additional ammonia plumbing between Unity and Tranquility, removed insulation and launch locks from the Cupola, installed additional handrails on the exterior of Tranquility and performed get-ahead tasks to support the installation of a PDGF on the exterior of Zarya with cable installation on Unity and the S0 truss.
141. STS-131
EVA 1
United States Richard Mastracchio
United States Clayton Anderson
April 9, 2010
05:31
April 9, 2010
11:58
6 hours, 27 minutes
Relocated new ammonia tank from the Shuttle's payload bay to a temporary stowage location and disconnected the fluid lines to the old ammonia tank on the S1 truss. Retrieved a Japanese seed experiment from the exterior of the Kibo laboratory for return to earth and replaced a failed gyroscope on the S0 truss. Performed get-ahead tasks including the opening of a window flap on the zenith CBM of Harmony, and removed launch restraint bolts from a Flex Hose Rotary Coupler (FHRC) on the P1 truss.
142. STS-131
EVA 2
United States Richard Mastracchio
United States Clayton Anderson
April 11, 2010
05:20
April 11, 2010
12:56
7 hours, 26 minutes
The old ammonia tank was removed from the S1 truss and was replaced with the new tank. The electrical connections to the tank were made, but the fluid lines were deferred to the mission's third EVA due to time constraints since the installation was prolonged by a problem with the bolts that hold the tank to the truss. The old tank was relocated to a temporary stowage location on the station and a foot restraint was relocated in preparation for a future shuttle mission's spacewalk.
143. STS-131
EVA 3
United States Richard Mastracchio
United States Clayton Anderson
April 13, 2010
06:14
April 13, 2010
12:36
6 hours, 24 minutes
The fluid lines were connected to the new ammonia tank and the old tank was moved to the shuttle's payload bay for return to Earth. Micro-meteoroid debris shields from the Quest airlock which were no longer necessary were brought inside the airlock for return to Earth inside the Leonardo MPLM. The Z1 truss was prepared for the installation of a spare antenna on the next shuttle mission, and a foot restraint was relocated in preparation for a future spacewalk. The retrieval of an external carrier plate on Columbus was deferred to another shuttle mission due to time constraints after problems were encountered with attaching the old ammonia tank to a carrier in the payload bay, and several other tasks were deferred to later EVAs due to the replanning from the problems with the mission's second EVA.
144. STS-132
EVA 1
United States Garrett Reisman
United States Stephen G. Bowen
May 17, 2010
11:54
May 17, 2010
19:19
7 hours, 25 minutes
Installed a spare space-to-ground Ku-band antenna on the Z1 truss; installed new tool platform on Dextre, and broke torque on bolts holding replacement batteries to the ICC-VLD cargo carrier.
145. STS-132
EVA 2
United States Stephen G. Bowen
United States Michael T. Good
May 19, 2010
10:38
May 19, 2010
17:47
7 hours, 09 minutes
Repaired Atlantis' Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS); P6 battery replacement (4 of 6 units); and removed gimbal locks from the Ku-band antenna installed on the first EVA of the mission.
146. STS-132
EVA 3
United States Michael T. Good
United States Garrett Reisman
May 21, 2010
10:27
May 21, 2010
17:13
6 hours, 46 minutes
P6 battery replacement (final 2 of 6 units); installed ammonia "jumpers" at the P4/P5 interface; retrieved a spare PDGF from Atlantis' payload bay and stowed it inside the Quest airlock. The spacewalkers also replenished supplies of EVA tools in toolboxes on the exterior of the station.
147. Expedition 24
EVA 1
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Mikhail Korniyenko
July 27, 2010
04:11
July 27, 2010
10:53
6 hours, 42 minutes
Replaced ATV docking camera on Zvezda's rear docking port, added cables from the Zvezda and Zarya modules to connect Rassvet to the Russian command and data handling computer system, added cables between Rassvet and Zarya to allow use of the KURS automated docking system on Rassvet.[155]
148. Expedition 24
EVA 2
United States Douglas H. Wheelock
United States Tracy Caldwell Dyson
August 7, 2010
11:19
August 7, 2010
19:22
8 hours, 03 minutes
Attempted to replace a failed ammonia pump module located on the S1 truss. Due to an ammonia leak in the final line that needed to be disconnected from the failed pump module, the planned tasks were only partially completed, and the spacewalkers needed extra time to perform a "bake out" to ensure no ammonia entered the station following the EVA. This was the longest International Space Station-based spacewalk, and the sixth longest spacewalk in history.[156][157]
149. Expedition 24
EVA 3
United States Douglas H. Wheelock
United States Tracy Caldwell Dyson
August 11, 2010
12:27
August 11, 2010
19:53
7 hours, 26 minutes
Completed removal of failed pump module from the S1 truss and began installation preparations on the replacement pump.[158]
150. Expedition 24
EVA 4
United States Douglas H. Wheelock
United States Tracy Caldwell Dyson
August 16, 2010
10:20
August 16, 2010
17:40
7 hours, 20 minutes
Completion of the third contingency spacewalk to install a spare ammonia pump module on the S1 Truss.[159][160]
151. Expedition 25
EVA 1
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Oleg Skripochka
November 15, 2010
14:55
November 15, 2010
21:22
6 hours, 27 minutes
Installed: portable multipurpose workstation in Zvezda Plane IV; struts between Poisk and Zvezda and Zarya modules; hand-rail on Pirs docking module; SKK #1-M2 cassette on Poisk module. Removed: Plasma Pulse Injector Science hardware and Expose-R scientific experiment from portable multipurpose workstation in Zvezda Plane II; Kontur science hardware (ROKVISS); TV camera from Rassvet module. Performed Test experiment to check for microorganisms or contamination underneath insulation on the Russian ISS segment.[161] Cosmonauts failed to relocate TV camera due to interference from insulation at installation location.[162][163]

Discover more about 2010 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 22

Expedition 22

Expedition 22 was the 22nd long duration crew flight to the International Space Station (ISS). This expedition began on December 1, 2009 when the Expedition 21 crew departed. For a period of 3 weeks, there were only 2 crew members; it was the first time that had happened since STS-114. Commander Jeff Williams and flight engineer Maksim Surayev were joined by the rest of their crew on 22 December 2009, making the Expedition 22 a crew of five.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Oleg Kotov

Oleg Kotov

Oleg Valeriyevich Kotov was born on 27 October 1965 in Simferopol, Crimean oblast in the Ukrainian SSR. After a career as a physician assigned to the Soviet space program, he joined the Russian cosmonaut corps. He has flown three long duration spaceflights on the International Space Station logging over 526 days in space. Most recently, Kotov flew on the Soyuz TMA-10M/Expedition 37/Expedition 38 long duration spaceflight, from September 2013 until March 2014.

Maksim Surayev

Maksim Surayev

Maksim Viktorovich Surayev is a retired Russian cosmonaut and politician. He served in the State Duma between 2016 and 2021.

Poisk (ISS module)

Poisk (ISS module)

Poisk, also known as the Mini-Research Module 2, Малый исследовательский модуль 2, or МИМ 2, is a docking module of the International Space Station. Its original name was Docking Module 2, as it is almost identical to the Pirs Docking Compartment. Added in 2009, Poisk was the first major Russian addition to the International Space Station since 2001. Poisk is overall the same design as the docking module Pirs. Whereas Pirs had been attached to the nadir ("bottom") port of Zvezda, Poisk is attached to the zenith ("top"); Pirs was closer to the Earth with the ISS in its usual orientation, and Poisk is on the other side. Poisk is Russian for explore or search. Poisk combines various docking, EVA, and science capabilities. It has two egress hatches for EVAs in addition to the two spacecraft docking ports. Although Poisk is designated as Mini-Research Module 2, it arrived before Mini-Research Module 1 (Rassvet), which had a different design; Poisk looks more like the Pirs docking port, which is not designated as a mini-research module.

STS-130

STS-130

STS-130 was a NASA Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS). Space Shuttle Endeavour's primary payloads were the Tranquility module and the Cupola, a robotic control station with six windows around its sides and another in the center, providing a 360-degree view around the station. Endeavour launched at 04:14 EST on 8 February 2010 and landed at 22:22 EST on 21 February 2010 on runway 15 at the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Nicholas Patrick

Nicholas Patrick

Nicholas James MacDonald Patrick, is a British-American engineer and a former NASA astronaut. His flight on the 2006 Discovery STS-116 mission made him the fourth person born in the United Kingdom to go into space.

Unity (ISS module)

Unity (ISS module)

The Unity connecting module, also known as Node 1, is the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station (ISS). It connects the Russian and United States segments of the station, and is where crew eat meals together.

Tranquility (ISS module)

Tranquility (ISS module)

Tranquility, also known as Node 3, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It contains environmental control systems, life support systems, a toilet, exercise equipment, and an observation cupola.

2011

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
152. Expedition 26
EVA 1
*
Russia Dmitri Kondratyev
Russia Oleg Skripochka
January 21, 2011
14:29
January 21, 2011
19:52
5 hours, 23 minutes
Installed an experimental communication antenna on Zvezda's nadir side, removed and stowed a failed plasma pulse generator experiment apparatus and a material exposure experiment from Zvezda, and installed a docking TV camera on the Rassvet module.[164][165]
153. Expedition 26
EVA 2
*
Russia Dmitri Kondratyev
Russia Oleg Skripochka
February 16, 2011
13:30
February 16, 2011
18:21
4 hours, 51 minutes
Installed two experiments for Earth seismic and lightning observations on the Zvezda module, removed two material exposure experiment panels from the exterior of the Zarya module, and jettisoned a foot restraint overboard.[166][167]
154. STS-133
EVA 1
United States Stephen Bowen
United States Alvin Drew
February 28, 2011
15:46
February 28, 2011
22:20
6 hours, 34 minutes
Drew and Bowen installed a power extension cable between the Unity and Tranquility nodes to provide a contingency power source should it be required. The spacewalkers then moved the failed ammonia pump module that was replaced in August from its temporary location to the External Stowage Platform 2 adjacent to the Quest airlock. Drew and Bowen then installed a wedge under a camera on the S3 truss to provide clearance from the newly installed ELC-4. They next replaced a guide for the rail cart system used for moving the station robotic arm along the truss. The guides had been removed when astronauts were performing work on the station's starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ), which rotates the solar arrays to track the sun. The final task was to "fill" a special bottle with the vacuum of space for a Japanese education payload. The bottle will be part of a public museum exhibit.
155. STS-133
EVA 2
United States Stephen Bowen
United States Alvin Drew
March 2, 2011
15:42
March 2, 2011
21:56
6 hours, 14 minutes
Drew removed thermal insulation from a platform, while Bowen swapped out an attachment bracket on the Columbus module. Bowen then installed a camera assembly on the Dextre robot and removed insulation from Dextre's electronics platform. Drew installed a light on a cargo cart and repaired some dislodged thermal insulation from a valve on the truss.
156. STS-134
EVA 1
United States Andrew Feustel
United States Gregory Chamitoff
May 20, 2011
07:10
May 20, 2011
13:29
6 hours, 19 minutes
Feustel and Chamitoff retrieved the two MISSE 7 experiments and installed a new package of MISSE 8 experiments on ELC-2, which was already on the station. They installed jumpers between segments on the left-side truss, or backbone of the station, for ammonia refills; vented nitrogen from an ammonia servicer; they began to install an external wireless communication antenna on the Destiny laboratory that will provide wireless communication to the Express Logistics Carriers mounted on the station's truss, but was cut short due to a bad CO2 sensor in Chamitoff's suit.
157. STS-134
EVA 2
United States Andrew Feustel
United States Michael Fincke
May 22, 2011
6:05
May 22, 2011
14:12
8 hours, 07 minutes
Feustel and Fincke refilled the Port 6 (P5) radiators with ammonia. They completed venting the early ammonia system, lubricated the port solar alpha rotary joint and parts of Dextre, a two-armed space station robot capable of handling delicate assembly tasks currently performed by spacewalkers. Fincke also installed grapple bars on the port radiators.
158. STS-134
EVA 3
United States Andrew Feustel
United States Michael Fincke
May 25, 2011
05:43
May 25, 2011
12:37
6 hours, 54 minutes
Feustel and Fincke installed a grapple fixture (a handle for the station's Canadarm2 to grab on to) on the Zarya module, to support robotic operations based from the Russian segment. They also installed additional cables to provide backup power to the Russian portion of the space station. The pair finished installing the wireless video system that was left unfinished during EVA 1.
159. STS-134
EVA 4
United States Michael Fincke
United States Gregory Chamitoff
May 27, 2011
04:15
May 27, 2011
11:39
7 hours, 24 minutes
Fincke and Chamitoff stowed the shuttle's 50-foot Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) on the right-side truss on a permanent stowage fixture. The pair then retrieved a grapple from the station's left-side truss and used it as a replacement for the grapple currently on the boom. They then released restraints from one of the arms spare arms for Dextre and replaced thermal insulation on one of the spare gas tanks for the Quest airlock. The arrival of the PMM module marked the completion of the US Orbital Segment.[168] This was the final EVA from the Space Shuttle before its retirement.
160. Expedition 28
EVA 1
United States Ronald J. Garan, Jr.
United States Michael E. Fossum
July 12, 2011
13:22
July 12, 2011
19:53
6 hours, 31 minutes
This spacewalk was kind of special in that it was the last spacewalk performed while a space shuttle was docked to the station. However, other than the previous spacewalks during docked operations, this one was performed by the station crew and not by the space shuttle crew.

The need for this spacewalk arose since a failed pump module on the station should be returned for inspection to the ground on the space shuttle. This having been the main objective done during this EVA the spacewalkers also installed a Robotic Refueling Mission experiment and fully deployed the MISSE 8 experiment (which was only half deployed during a previous spacewalk).[169][170]

161. Expedition 28
EVA 2
*
Russia Sergei Volkov
Russia Aleksandr Samokutyayev
August 3, 2011
14:50
August 3, 2011
21:13
6 hours, 23 minutes
The spacewalkers installed laser communications equipment which eventually will test transmissions of up to 100 Mbit/s of Russian science data with the ground on the Zvezda service module.

Radioskaf-V a small satellite for a student experiment was deployed and an antenna which was used for the docking of Poisk was removed and brought back into the station. As part of the research work on the station the BIORISK experiment was installed on a handrail outside Pirs. Last but not least photographs were taken including some of an antenna with signs of degraded performance to support engineers on the ground to trouble-shoot the cause of the degradation. Due to time constraints the task to relocate the STEAL-1 cargo boom was canceled for this EVA.[171]

Discover more about 2011 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 26

Expedition 26

Expedition 26 was the 26th long-duration mission to the International Space Station. The expedition's first three crew members – one US astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts – arrived at the station on board Soyuz TMA-01M on 10 October 2010. Expedition 26 officially began the following month on 26 November, when half of the crew of the previous mission, Expedition 25, returned to Earth on board Soyuz TMA-19. The rest of the Expedition 26 crew – one US astronaut, one Russian cosmonaut and one ESA astronaut – joined the trio already on board when their spacecraft, Soyuz TMA-20, docked with the station on 17 December 2010.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Dmitri Kondratyev

Dmitri Kondratyev

Dmitri Yuryevich Kondratyev is a retired Russian cosmonaut. He served as a crew member on the International Space Station long duration mission Expedition 27 as Commander, having also served as a Flight Engineer on Expedition 26 during the same stay in space. Kondratyev traveled to space for the first time aboard the Soyuz TMA-20 spacecraft in December 2010.

Oleg Skripochka

Oleg Skripochka

Oleg Ivanovich Skripochka is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut. In 2011 he was in space serving as an Expedition 25/26 crewmember.

Rassvet (ISS module)

Rassvet (ISS module)

Rassvet, also known as the Mini-Research Module 1 and formerly known as the Docking Cargo Module (DCM), is a component of the International Space Station (ISS). The module's design is similar to the Mir Docking Module launched on STS-74 in 1995. Rassvet is primarily used for cargo storage and as a docking port for visiting spacecraft. It was flown to the ISS aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis on the STS-132 mission on 14 May 2010, and was connected to the ISS on 18 May 2010. The hatch connecting Rassvet with the ISS was first opened on 20 May 2010. On 28 June 2010, the Soyuz TMA-19 spacecraft performed the first docking with the module.

STS-133

STS-133

STS-133 was the 133rd mission in NASA's Space Shuttle program; during the mission, Space Shuttle Discovery docked with the International Space Station. It was Discovery's 39th and final mission. The mission launched on 24 February 2011, and landed on 9 March 2011. The crew consisted of six American astronauts, all of whom had been on prior spaceflights, headed by Commander Steven Lindsey. The crew joined the long-duration six person crew of Expedition 26, who were already aboard the space station. About a month before lift-off, one of the original crew members, Tim Kopra, was injured in a bicycle accident. He was replaced by Stephen Bowen.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Stephen Bowen (astronaut)

Stephen Bowen (astronaut)

Stephen Gerard "Steve" Bowen is a United States Navy submariner and a NASA astronaut; he was the second submariner to travel into space. Bowen has been on three spaceflights, all of which were Space Shuttle missions to the International Space Station. His first mission, STS-126, took place in November 2008, and his second was STS-132 in May 2010.

Alvin Drew

Alvin Drew

Colonel Benjamin Alvin Drew is a United States Air Force officer and a former NASA astronaut. He has been on two spaceflights; the first was the Space Shuttle mission STS-118 to the International Space Station, in August 2007. Drew's second spaceflight took place in March 2011 on STS-133, another mission to the International Space Station. STS-133 was Space Shuttle Discovery's final mission. Drew took part in two spacewalks while docked to the station. Drew was the final African-American to fly on board a Space Shuttle, as the final two Space Shuttle missions, STS-134 and STS-135, had no African-American crew members.

2012

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
162. Expedition 30
EVA 1
*
Russia Oleg Kononenko
Russia Anton Shkaplerov
February 16, 2012
14:31
February 16, 2012
20:46
6 hours, 15 minutes
In preparation for the upcoming undocking of the Pirs docking compartment the Strela 1 Equipment Crane was relocated from that module to the Mini-Research Module 2. In addition an experiment module which exposed materials to the space environment was retrieved while another experiment, the Vynoslivost Sample Experiment was installed on handrails on MRM2.

Out of two hardware units for the TEST experiment, just one unit was installed before time for the EVA ran out. The scheduled task to install five shields on Zvezda to shield it from micrometeoroid debris was also cancelled and is rescheduled to be done during the next EVA.[172][173]

163. Expedition 32
EVA 1
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
Russia Yuri Malenchenko
August 20, 2012
15:37
August 20, 2012
21:28
5 hours, 51 minutes
During this spacewalk the Strela 2 telescoping boom was relocated from the Pirs docking compartment to the Zarya control module in preparation for the upcoming undocking of Pirs which paves the way for the arrival of the new Russian Multipurpose Laboratory Module in 2013.

The second task was to install micrometeoroid debris shields on the Zvezda service module. Additionally a small satellite was deployed which is used by ground controllers to perform tracking tests used to help tracking actual space debris. Last but not least the spacewalkers added support struts to an airlock ladder and retrieved a Biorisk sample container. Retrieving another example container of a material exposure experiment failed due to a stuck hinge that prevented it from folding close. [174] [175] [176]

164. Expedition 32
EVA 2
United States Sunita Williams
Japan Akihiko Hoshide
August 30, 2012
12:16
August 30, 2012
20:33
8 hours, 17 minutes
The main objective for this EVA is to replace the Main Bus Switching Unit (MBSU) 1 which showed preliminary indications of failure in October 2011 with a replacement unit. Furthermore, in preparation of the integration of the new Russian module (the Multipurpose Laboratory Module), some cables will be routed. If time permits, debris and thermal covers will be installed on PMA-2.

[177]

165. Expedition 32
EVA 3
United States Sunita Williams
Japan Akihiko Hoshide
September 5, 2012
11:06
September 5, 2012
17:34
6 hours, 28 minutes
Installed the new MBSU unit, working around difficulty with one of the bolts; replaced one of the cameras mounted on the CanadArm. During this spacewalk, Sunita Williams broke Peggy Whitson's record for most total time spacewalking by a woman.
166. Expedition 33
EVA 1
United States Sunita Williams
Japan Akihiko Hoshide
November 1, 2012
12:29
November 1, 2012
19:07
6 hours, 38 minutes
Reconfigured and isolated a leak in the ammonia cooling system of power channel 2B on the P6 truss by-passing a leaking cooling loop and re-connecting jumpers to an unused loop of the Early External Thermal Control System (EETCS), and by re-deploying the trailing Thermal Control Radiator of the system.

Discover more about 2012 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 30

Expedition 30

Expedition 30 was the 30th long-duration mission to the International Space Station (ISS). The expedition's first three crew members – Dan Burbank, Anton Shkaplerov and Anatoli Ivanishin – arrived on the ISS aboard Soyuz TMA-22 on 16 November 2011, during the last phase of Expedition 29. Expedition 30 formally began on 21 November 2011, with the departure from the ISS of the Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft. The expedition ended on 27 April 2012, as Burbank, Shkaplerov and Ivanishin departed from the ISS aboard Soyuz TMA-22, marking the beginning of Expedition 31.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Oleg Kononenko

Oleg Kononenko

Oleg Dmitriyevich Kononenko is a Russian cosmonaut from the Turkmen SSR. He has flown to the International Space Station four times, as a flight engineer for Expedition 17 aboard Soyuz TMA-12, as a flight engineer on Expedition 30 and commander of Expedition 31 aboard Soyuz TMA-03M, as a flight engineer on Expedition 44 and Expedition 45 aboard Soyuz TMA-17M, and as commander of Expedition 58 and Expedition 59 aboard Soyuz MS-11. Kononenko accumulated over 736 days in orbit during his four long duration flights to ISS.

Anton Shkaplerov

Anton Shkaplerov

Anton Nikolaevich Shkaplerov is a Russian cosmonaut. He is a veteran of four spaceflights.

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (ISS module)

Pirs (Russian: Пирс, meaning "pier") – also called Stykovochny Otsek 1 and DC-1 – was a Russian module on the International Space Station (ISS). Pirs was launched on 14 September 2001, and was located on the Zvezda module of the station. It provided the ISS with one docking port for Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, and allowed egress and ingress for spacewalks by cosmonauts using Russian Orlan space suits. Pirs was docked to Zvezda for almost 20 years, until 26 July 2021, where it was decommissioned and undocked by Progress MS-16 to make way for the new Nauka module.

Expedition 32

Expedition 32

Expedition 32 was the 32nd long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). It began on 1 July 2012 with the departure from the ISS of the Soyuz TMA-03M spacecraft, which returned the Expedition 31 crew to Earth, and concluded on 16 September 2012 with the departure of Soyuz TMA-04M. The Soyuz craft returned to Earth on 17 September 2012 at 6:53am Moscow Standard Time when touchdown was officially recorded by the Russian Federal Space Agency.

Gennady Padalka

Gennady Padalka

Gennady Ivanovich Padalka is a Russian Air Force officer and a Roscosmos cosmonaut. Padalka currently holds the world record for the most time spent in space, at 879 days. He worked on both Mir and the International Space Station.

Yuri Malenchenko

Yuri Malenchenko

Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko is a retired Russian cosmonaut. Malenchenko became the first person to marry in space, on 10 August 2003, when he married Ekaterina Dmitrieva, who was in Texas, while he was 240 miles (390 km) over New Zealand, on the International Space Station. As of June 2016, Malenchenko ranks second for career time in space due to his time on both Mir and the International Space Station (ISS). He is a former Commander of the International Space Station.

Nauka (ISS module)

Nauka (ISS module)

Nauka, also known as the Multipurpose Laboratory Module-Upgrade or simply Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM), is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). The MLM-U is funded by Roscosmos. In the original ISS plans, Nauka was to use the location of the Docking and Storage Module (DSM). Later, the DSM was replaced by the Rassvet module and Nauka was moved from Zarya's nadir port to Zvezda's nadir port.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Sunita Williams

Sunita Williams

Sunita Lyn Williams is an American astronaut and United States Navy officer who formerly held the records for most spacewalks by a woman (seven) and most spacewalk time for a woman. Williams was assigned to the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she served as a flight engineer on Expedition 32 and then commander of Expedition 33.

2013

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
167. Expedition 35
EVA 1
*
Russia Pavel Vinogradov
Russia Roman Romanenko
April 19, 2013
14:03
April 19, 2013
20:41
6 hours, 38 minutes
Installed the Obstanovka plasma waves and ionosphere experiment to the exterior of the Zvezda service module. Also replaced a faulty retro-reflector device used as navigational aids for the Automatic Transfer Vehicle and retrieved the Biorisk microbe exposure experiment. An attempt to retrieve the Vinoslivost materials sample experiment failed when it was accidentally dropped while being taken back to the Pirs module airlock.[178][179]
168. Expedition 35
EVA 2
United States Thomas Marshburn
United States Christopher Cassidy
May 11, 2013
12:44
May 11, 2013
18:14
5 hours, 30 minutes
Known as US EVA 21. Inspected and replaced a Pump Flow Control Subassembly on the station's P6 truss which was leaking ammonia coolant. This was the same leaking thermal system from US EVA 20, performed on November 1, 2012.[180][181]
169. Expedition 36
EVA 1
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Alexander Misurkin
June 24, 2013
13:32
June 24, 2013
20:06
6 hours, 34 minutes
Replaced a fluid flow regulator on the Zarya module, testing of the Kurs docking system on the station ahead of the arrival of a new Russian module, installing the "Indicator" experiment, installing gap spanners on to the outside of the station and photographing the multilayer insulation (MLI) protecting the Russian segment from micrometeoroids and taking samples from the exterior surface of the pressure hull underneath the MLI to identify signs of pressure hull material microscopic deterioration.[182][183]
170. Expedition 36
EVA 2
United States Christopher Cassidy
Italy Luca Parmitano
July 9, 2013
12:02
July 9, 2013
18:09
6 hours, 07 minutes
Known as US EVA 22. Replaced a failed Space-to-Ground Transmitter Receiver Controller and the Mobile Base Camera Light Pan-Tilt Assembly, retrieved the MISSE-8 and ORMatE-III experiments, photographed the AMS-02, moved two Radiator Grapple Bars to either sides of the truss, routed power cables to support the addition of the new Russian MLM and installed a multi-layer insulation cover to protect the docking interface of PMA-2.[184][185]
171. Expedition 36
EVA 3
United States Christopher Cassidy
Italy Luca Parmitano
July 16, 2013
11:57
July 16, 2013
13:29
1 hour, 32 minutes
Known as US EVA 23. Installed a Y-bypass jumper on power lines on the Z1 truss, routing 1553 data cables for a grapple fixture and Ethernet cables for a future Russian station module. The spacewalk was then cut short after Parmitano reported excess water leaking inside his helmet. NASA astronaut Shane Kimbrough was Ground IV.[186][187][188]
172. Expedition 36
EVA 4
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Alexander Misurkin
August 16, 2013
14:36
August 16, 2013
22:05
7 hours, 29 minutes
The cosmonauts successfully unreeled and routed two long power lines and an ethernet cable along the outside of the Zarya storage module that will be connected to the new Nauka laboratory after its arrival next year. Misurkin also mounted a space exposure experiment pallet on a handrail outside the upper Poisk module. The cosmonauts extended a telescoping space crane early on to help move large cable reels from Pirs to Zarya It was the 172nd EVA and with the seven-hour 29-minute duration set a new Russian spacewalk record, eclipsing the old mark of seven hours and 16 minutes set by two cosmonauts outside the Mir space station in July 1990.[189][190][191]
173. Expedition 36
EVA 5
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Alexander Misurkin
August 22, 2013
11:34
August 22, 2013
17:32
5 hours, 58 minutes
Removed a laser communication and installed an EVA work station and camera pointing platform outside the Zvezda service module, inspection and tightening of various antenna covers on Zvezda, and installed new spacewalk aids.[192][193]
174. Expedition 37
EVA 1
*
Russia Oleg Kotov
Russia Sergei Ryazanski
November 9, 2013
14:34
November 9, 2013
20:24
5 hours, 50 minutes
Took the Olympic torch for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games to the outside of ISS. They also continued work on an extravehicular activity workstation and biaxial pointing platform by removing launch brackets and bolts, as well as retrieving an experimental package. The planned installation of a foot restraint on the mounting seat of the workstation was deferred to a future spacewalk after the spacewalkers noticed some issues with its alignment.[194][195]
175. Expedition 38
EVA 1
United States Richard Mastracchio
United States Michael S. Hopkins
December 21, 2013
12:01
December 21, 2013
17:29
5 hours, 28 minutes
The first of multiple spacewalks needed after cooling line temperatures decreased due to a stuck internal valve, which led to the deterioration of an ammonia pump module. The astronauts took the module out of the Active Thermal Control System's Loop A. They also connected two ammonia fluid lines to a jumper box after disconnecting them from the pump module. Two other lines were disconnected and stowed inside a thermal blanket.[196]
176. Expedition 38
EVA 2
United States Michael S. Hopkins
United States Richard Mastracchio
December 24, 2013
11:53
December 24, 2013
19:23
7 hours, 30 minutes
Retrieved spare ammonia pump module, installed it on starboard truss, and connected it to Loop A of Active Thermal Control System.[197][198]
177. Expedition 38
EVA 3
*
Russia Oleg Kotov
Russia Sergei Ryazanski
December 27, 2013
13:00
December 27, 2013
21:07
8 hours, 07 minutes
Attempted installation of 2 HD cameras for commercial Earth observation on the outside of the Zvezda module, cancelled after one of the cameras failed to provide data to the ground during testing. Also installed and jettisoned experimental equipment outside the Russian segment. Longest Russian EVA in history.[199][200]

Discover more about 2013 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 35

Expedition 35

Expedition 35 was the 35th long-duration mission to the International Space Station (ISS). The expedition started 13 March 2013, and marked the first time a Canadian astronaut – Colonel Chris Hadfield – was in command of the station. Expedition 35 was also only the second time an ISS crew is led by neither a NASA astronaut, nor a Roscosmos cosmonaut, after Expedition 21 in 2009, when ESA astronaut Frank De Winne was in command. The expedition lasted two months.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Pavel Vinogradov

Pavel Vinogradov

Pavel Vladimirovich Vinogradov is a cosmonaut and former commander of the International Space Station. As of May 2013, he has flown into space three times, aboard Mir and the International Space Station, and is one of the top 10 astronauts in terms of total time in space. Vinogradov has also conducted seven spacewalks in his cosmonaut career, and holds the record for the oldest person to perform a spacewalk.

Roman Romanenko

Roman Romanenko

Roman Yurievich Romanenko is a Russian retired cosmonaut at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. He is also a politician, sitting in the State Duma since 2021 representing the Chertanovo constituency.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Thomas Marshburn

Thomas Marshburn

Thomas Henry Marshburn is an American physician and a NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of three spaceflights to the International Space Station.

Christopher Cassidy

Christopher Cassidy

Christopher John "Chris" Cassidy is a retired NASA astronaut and United States Navy SEAL. Chris Cassidy achieved the rank of captain in the U.S. Navy. His first spaceflight was on a Space Shuttle mission in 2009. He was the Chief of the Astronaut Office at NASA from July 2015 until June 2017.

Expedition 36

Expedition 36

Expedition 36 was the 36th long-duration mission to the International Space Station.

Fyodor Yurchikhin

Fyodor Yurchikhin

Fyodor Nikolayevich Yurchikhin is a Russian cosmonaut of Greek descent, engineer and RSC Energia test-pilot who has flown on five spaceflights. His first spaceflight was a 10-day Space Shuttle mission STS-112. His second was a long-duration stay aboard the International Space Station (ISS) as a Flight Engineer for Expedition 15; for this mission he was launched in the Soyuz TMA-10 spacecraft. He has undertaken two further long-duration stays aboard the ISS, as a crew member of Expedition 24 / 25. For this mission he was launched with the spacecraft Soyuz TMA-19, and he landed in November 2010, also with the Soyuz TMA-19 spacecraft. He served as Soyuz commander for his fourth mission aboard Soyuz TMA-09M, as flight engineer for Expedition 36 and ISS Commander for Expedition 37. In April 2017, Yurchikhin launched on Soyuz MS-04 for the fifth spaceflight of his career, a six-month mission to the ISS as part of Expedition 51 and 52, for which he was the commander.

Alexander Misurkin

Alexander Misurkin

Alexander Alexanderovich Misurkin, a major in the Russian Air Force, is a Russian cosmonaut, selected in 2006. He flew aboard Soyuz TMA-08M on 28 March 2013 as his first space mission, and launched on Soyuz MS-06 as his second flight, in 2017. He was Commander of the International Space Station for Expedition 54.

2014

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
178. Expedition 38
EVA 4
*
Russia Oleg Kotov
Russia Sergei Ryazanski
January 27, 2014
14:00
January 27, 2014
20:08
6 hours, 08 minutes
Installed High Resolution Camera (HRC) on SM Plane IV; installed Medium Resolution Camera (MRC) on SM Plane IV; photographed electrical connectors on ФП11 and ФП19 connector patch panels of SM; removed Worksite Interfaces (WIF) adaptor from SSRMS LEE B;

retrieved СКК #2-СО cassette container from DC-1.[201]

179. Expedition 39
EVA 1
United States Richard Mastracchio
United States Steven Swanson
April 23, 2014
13:56
April 23, 2014
15:32
1 hour, 36 minutes
Replaced failed Multiplexer/Demultiplexer (MDM) unit on S0 truss; also removed two lanyards from Secondary Power Distribution Assembly (SPDA) doors.[202][203]
180. Expedition 40
EVA 1
*
Russia Alexander Skvortsov
Russia Oleg Artemyev
June 19, 2014
14:10
June 19, 2014
21:33
7 hours, 23 minutes
Installed an automated phased antenna array used for the Russian command and telemetry system, relocated a part of the Obstanovka experiment that monitors charged particles and plasma in Low Earth Orbit, verifying the correct installation of the universal work platform (URM-D), taking samples from one of Zvezda's windows, and jettisoning an experiment frame.[204][205]
181. Expedition 40
EVA 2
*
Russia Alexander Skvortsov
Russia Oleg Artemyev
August 18, 2014
14:02
August 18, 2014
19:13
5 hours, 11 minutes
Released Chasqui-1 cubesat into space; installed experiment packages (EXPOSE-R2 biological experiment, Plume Impingement and Deposit Monitoring unit), retrieved experiments (Vinoslivost materials exposure panel, Biorisk biological experiment), replaced cassette on SKK experiment and attached a handrail on an antenna.[206][207]
182. Expedition 41
EVA 1
United States Reid Wiseman
Germany Alexander Gerst
October 7, 2014
12:30
October 7, 2014
18:43
6 hours, 13 minutes
Relocated failed cooling pump to External Stowage Platform-2 (ESP-2), Stowed adjustable grabble bars on ESP-2, replaced light on External Television Camera Group (ETVCG) and installation of a Mobile Transporter Relay Assembly (MTRA)[208][209]
183. Expedition 41
EVA 2
United States Reid Wiseman
United States Barry E. Wilmore
October 15, 2014
12:16
October 15, 2014
18:50
6 hours, 34 minutes
Replaced failed sequential shunt unit (SSU) for 3A power system, relocated articulating portable foot restraint/tool stanchion (APFR/TS), removed camera port (CP) 7, relocated wireless video system external transceiver assembly (WETA) from CP8 to CP11, installed external TV camera group at CP8.[210]
184. Expedition 41
EVA 3
*
Russia Maksim Surayev
Russia Aleksandr Samokutyayev
October 22, 2014
13:28
October 22, 2014
17:06
3 hours, 38 minutes
Removed and jettisoned Radiometriya experiment from Zvezda Plane II, removed EXPOSE-R experiment protective cover, took surface samples from Pirs extravehicular hatch 2 window (TEST experiment), removed and jettisoned two KURS attennas 2ACф1-1 and 2ACф1-2 from Poisk, photographed exterior of ISS Russian segment.[211][212]

Discover more about 2014 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 38

Expedition 38

Expedition 38 was the 38th expedition to the International Space Station.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Oleg Kotov

Oleg Kotov

Oleg Valeriyevich Kotov was born on 27 October 1965 in Simferopol, Crimean oblast in the Ukrainian SSR. After a career as a physician assigned to the Soviet space program, he joined the Russian cosmonaut corps. He has flown three long duration spaceflights on the International Space Station logging over 526 days in space. Most recently, Kotov flew on the Soyuz TMA-10M/Expedition 37/Expedition 38 long duration spaceflight, from September 2013 until March 2014.

Sergey Ryazansky

Sergey Ryazansky

Sergey Nikolayevich Ryazansky is a Russian cosmonaut. He was selected as commander of the IMBP-6 cosmonaut group in 2003, but later transferred to the TsPK Cosmonaut Group. Ryazansky made his first spaceflight aboard the Soyuz TMA-10M/Expedition 37/Expedition 38 mission from September 2013 until March 2014. In 2017, Ryazansky returned to space was the commander of Soyuz MS-05, and served as Flight Engineer for Expedition 52 / 53.

Expedition 39

Expedition 39

Expedition 39 was the 39th expedition to the International Space Station. It marked the first time the ISS had been under command of a Japanese astronaut, space veteran Koichi Wakata. After Expedition 21 in 2009 and Expedition 35 in 2013, it was only the third time an ISS crew was led by neither a NASA nor an RSA crew member.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Richard Mastracchio

Richard Mastracchio

Richard Alan "Rick" Mastracchio is an American engineer and former NASA astronaut. He has flown on three NASA Space Shuttle missions as a mission specialist in addition to serving as a Flight Engineer on the Soyuz TMA-11M long duration mission aboard the International Space Station. He is currently the Senior Director of Operations for Commercial Resupply Services at Orbital ATK.

Steven Swanson

Steven Swanson

Steven Roy Swanson is an American engineer and retired NASA astronaut. Swanson has flown two shuttle flights, STS-117 and STS-119, and one Soyuz flight, TMA-12M. All of the flights were to the International Space Station. He has logged over 195 days in space and completed five spacewalks totaling 28 hours and 5 minutes. Swanson has served in other roles at NASA, such as a CAPCOM for both International Space Station and Space Shuttle missions. His awards and honors include the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal and the JSC Certificate of Accommodation. Prior to becoming a NASA astronaut, Swanson worked for GTE in Phoenix, Arizona, as a software engineer. He is married and has three children.

Expedition 40

Expedition 40

Expedition 40 was the 40th expedition to the International Space Station. A portion of the Expedition 39 crew transferred to Expedition 40 while the remainder of the crew launched on May 28, 2014 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Oleg Artemyev

Oleg Artemyev

Oleg Germanovich Artemyev is a Russian Cosmonaut for the Russian Federal Space Agency. He was selected as part of the RKKE-15 Cosmonaut group in 2003. He was a flight engineer of Expedition 39 and 40 to the International Space Station, in 2018 he returned to space as the Commander of Soyuz MS-08, and in 2022 he returned to space as the Commander of Soyuz MS-21.

2015

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
185. Expedition 42
EVA 1
United States Barry E. Wilmore
United States Terry W. Virts
February 21, 2015
12:45
February 21, 2015
19:26
6 hours, 41 minutes
Rigged and routed power and data cables at the forward end of the Harmony module as part of preparations for the installation of the International Docking Adapter at PMA-2.[213][214]
186. Expedition 42
EVA 2
United States Barry E. Wilmore
United States Terry W. Virts
February 25, 2015
11:51
February 25, 2015
18:34
6 hours, 43 minutes
Completed power and data cable routing at the forward end of the Harmony module. Removed launch locks from forward and aft berthing ports of Tranquility to prepare for relocation of the Permanent Multipurpose Module and the installation of the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module. Lubricated end effector of Canadarm2.[215][216]
187. Expedition 42
EVA 3
United States Terry W. Virts
United States Barry E. Wilmore
March 1, 2015
11:52
March 1, 2015
17:30
5 hours, 38 minutes
Finished cable routing, antenna and retro-reflector installation on both sides of the ISS truss and on other modules in preparation for the installation of the International Docking Adapter at PMA-2 and 3.[217][218]
188. Expedition 44
EVA 1
*
Russia Gennady Padalka
Russia Mikhail Korniyenko
August 10, 2015
14:20
August 10, 2015
19:51
5 hours, 31 minutes
Installed gap spanners on the hull of the station for facilitating movement of crew members on future spacewalks, cleaned windows of the Zvezda Service Module, install fasteners on communications antennas, replaced an aging docking antenna, photographed various locations and hardware on Zvezda and nearby modules, and retrieved a space environment experiment.[219][220]
189. Expedition 45
EVA 1
United States Scott Kelly
United States Kjell N. Lindgren
October 28, 2015
12:03
October 28, 2015
19:19
7 hours, 16 minutes
Applied a thermal cover on the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer; lubricating one of the latching ends of the Canadarm2 robotic arm; and began work to connect power and data system cables for the future installation of docking adapters for future US crew vehicles.[221][222]
190. Expedition 45
EVA 2
United States Kjell N. Lindgren
United States Scott Kelly
November 6, 2015
11:22
November 6, 2015
19:10
7 hours, 48 minutes
Worked to restore a portion of the ISS's cooling system to its primary configuration, returning ammonia coolant levels to normal in the primary and backup radiator arrays.[223][224]
191. Expedition 46
EVA 1
United States Scott Kelly
United States Timothy Kopra
December 21, 2015
13:45
December 21, 2015
16:01
3 hours, 16 minutes
Kelly and Kopra performed an EVA to troubleshoot the starboard Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart and Mobile Transporter (MT). The starboard CETA cart is linked to the side of the Mobile Transporter (MT), and its brake was engaged preventing MT movement. Kelly released the brake and the MT was successfully commanded by Robotic Ground Controllers to translate to Worksite 4 where it was latched and mated. In addition to the CETA cart task, Kelly and Kopra performed several get ahead activities. Kelly routed Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA) 3 power and International Docking Adapter (IDA) ethernet cables along Node 1. Kopra opened the Secondary Power Distribution Assembly (SPDA) doors for future Robotic operations, routed an ethernet cable for the Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM), and retrieved a Scoop/D-Handle tool from a toolbox on the truss.[225]

Discover more about 2015 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 42

Expedition 42

Expedition 42 was the 42nd expedition to the International Space Station. It began on 10 November 2014 with the undocking of Soyuz TMA-13M, returning the crew of Expedition 41 to Earth and ended with the undocking of Soyuz TMA-14M on 11 March 2015.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Barry E. Wilmore

Barry E. Wilmore

Barry Eugene "Butch" Wilmore is a NASA astronaut and United States Navy test pilot. He has had two spaceflights, the first of which was an 11-day Space Shuttle mission in November 2009, to the International Space Station. Wilmore was designated as pilot with five other crew members on Space Shuttle Atlantis for the mission STS-129. He most recently served as part of Expedition 41 to the International Space Station.

Terry W. Virts

Terry W. Virts

Terry W. Virts is a retired NASA astronaut, International Space Station Commander and colonel in the United States Air Force.

Harmony (ISS module)

Harmony (ISS module)

Harmony, also known as Node 2, is the "utility hub" of the International Space Station. It connects the laboratory modules of the United States, Europe and Japan, as well as providing electrical power and electronic data. Sleeping cabins for four of the crew are housed here.

NASA Docking System

NASA Docking System

The NASA Docking System (NDS) is a spacecraft docking and berthing mechanism used on the International Space Station (ISS), the Orion spacecraft, and the Starliner. The NDS is NASA's implementation of the International Docking System Standard (IDSS), an international spacecraft docking standard promulgated by the International Space Station Multilateral Coordination Board. The international Low Impact Docking System (iLIDS) is the precursor to the NDS. NDS Block 1 was designed and built by The Boeing Company in Houston, TX, to meet the IDSS standards. Design qualification testing took place through January 2017.

Tranquility (ISS module)

Tranquility (ISS module)

Tranquility, also known as Node 3, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). It contains environmental control systems, life support systems, a toilet, exercise equipment, and an observation cupola.

Bigelow Expandable Activity Module

Bigelow Expandable Activity Module

The Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) is an experimental expandable space station module developed by Bigelow Aerospace, under contract to NASA, for testing as a temporary module on the International Space Station (ISS) from 2016 to at most 2028, when the contract can not be extended any further. It arrived at the ISS on 10 April 2016, was berthed to the station on 16 April 2016, and was expanded and pressurized on 28 May 2016. Although originally planned to be a two year test, it has exceeded expectations and is used as additional cargo storage. The module is under ownership of NASA after Bigelow Aerospace suspended operations in 2021.

2016

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
192. Expedition 46
EVA 2
United States Timothy Kopra
United Kingdom Tim Peake
January 15, 2016
12:48
January 15, 2016
17:31
4 hours, 43 minutes
Replaced 1B Shunt unit, continued installation of IDA cables. The EVA was terminated early when Kopra reported the formation of a small bubble of water inside his helmet. The main objective, replacing the SSU, was completed successfully.[226]
193. Expedition 46
EVA 3
*
Russia Yuri Malenchenko
Russia Sergey Volkov
February 3, 2016
12:55
February 3, 2016
17:40
4 hours, 45 minutes
Conducted the ‘Test’ experiment by gathering samples on different locations (the hatch of Pirs, Window #8 on Zvezda) and taking engineering photos of various areas on the aft segment of ISS, jettisoned a bundle containing a flash drive holding video messages from last year's 70th anniversary celebration of Victory Day, retrieved the EXPOSE-R astrobiology experiment, collected the CKK 2-M2 experiment cassette and replaced it with the CKK 3-M3 cassette, configured a plume-sensing payload, installed the Vinoslivost payload (another space exposure experiment) installed gap spanners on the Russian segment, and retrieved the "Restavratsiya" (Restoration) Experiment Hardware, gathering experience in the in-space application of adhesive surface coatings for future operational use in space-based repairs of external equipment.[227]
194. Expedition 48
EVA 1
United States Jeff Williams
United States Kate Rubins
August 19, 2016
13:04
August 19, 2016
19:02
5 hours, 58 minutes
Installation of the International Docking Adapter (IDA) and installation of cables for future IDA[228]
195. Expedition 48
EVA 2
United States Jeff Williams
United States Kate Rubins
September 1, 2016
11:53
September 1, 2016
17:41
6 hours, 48 minutes
The main objective of this EVA was to retract a thermal radiator on the port truss. This radiator was supposed to be retracted during Expedition 45 EVA 2 (November 6, 2015) but was not completed. The radiator had been deployed on Expedition 33 EVA 1 (November 1, 2012) in an attempt to isolate a coolant leak. Additional completed tasks included installing HD Video Cameras on the port/outboard side of the station (one zenith, one nadir), applying additional torque to SARJ bolts, photographing the inside of the SARJ, tying back a protective blanket covering hardware which will be robotically manipulated later, and tying back Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart brake handles to keep them out of the SARJ rotation envelope.[229][230][231]

Discover more about 2016 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 46

Expedition 46

Expedition 46 was the 46th expedition to the International Space Station.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Timothy Kopra

Timothy Kopra

Timothy Lennart "Tim" Kopra is an engineer, a Colonel in the United States Army and a retired NASA astronaut. He served aboard the International Space Station as a flight engineer for Expedition 20, returning to Earth aboard Space Shuttle Discovery on the STS-128 mission on September 11, 2009. He returned to the ISS for the second time in December 2015, as part of Expedition 46 and as the Commander of 47.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a country in Europe, off the north-western coast of the continental mainland. It comprises England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles. Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland; otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, the Celtic Sea and the Irish Sea. The total area of the United Kingdom is 242,495 square kilometres (93,628 sq mi), with an estimated 2020 population of more than 67 million people.

Tim Peake

Tim Peake

Major Timothy Nigel Peake is a British Army Air Corps officer, European Space Agency astronaut and a former International Space Station (ISS) crew member.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Yuri Malenchenko

Yuri Malenchenko

Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko is a retired Russian cosmonaut. Malenchenko became the first person to marry in space, on 10 August 2003, when he married Ekaterina Dmitrieva, who was in Texas, while he was 240 miles (390 km) over New Zealand, on the International Space Station. As of June 2016, Malenchenko ranks second for career time in space due to his time on both Mir and the International Space Station (ISS). He is a former Commander of the International Space Station.

Expedition 48

Expedition 48

Expedition 48 was the 48th expedition to the International Space Station.

Jeffrey Williams (astronaut)

Jeffrey Williams (astronaut)

Jeffrey Nels Williams is a retired United States Army officer and a NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of four space flights and formerly held the American record for most days spent in space, which was surpassed in April 2017 by his colleague Peggy Whitson. He still holds the record of the longest time in space for an American man.

International Docking Adapter

International Docking Adapter

The International Docking Adapter (IDA) is a spacecraft docking system adapter developed to convert APAS-95 to the NASA Docking System (NDS). An IDA is placed on each of the International Space Station's (ISS) two open Pressurized Mating Adapters (PMAs), both of which are connected to the Harmony module.

2017

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
196. Expedition 50
EVA 1
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Shane Kimbrough
January 6, 2017
11:23
January 6, 2017
17:55
6 hours, 32 minutes
Installed adapter plates and cables for new batteries on 3A power channel, pictures of AMS, removal of camera and routing of Ethernet cable.[232]
197. Expedition 50
EVA 2
United States Shane Kimbrough
France Thomas Pesquet
January 13, 2017
11:22
January 13, 2017
17:20
5 hours, 58 minutes
Primary objectives: Retrieve Adapter Plate E and F from the Express Pallet (EP), Install Adapter Plate F in Slot 6, Relocate Battery 4 to Adapter Plate F, Install Adapter Plate E in Slot 4, Retrieve and Install Adapter Plate D in Slot 2, Fasten H1 Bolts on Li-Ion Batteries in Slots 1 and 5

Get-ahead tasks: Node 3 Shields Bundle #3 Temp Stow, Mobile Transporter Relay Assembly (MTRA) Camera Light Pan and Tilt Assembly (CLPA) Swap, Latching End Effector (LEE) A Worksite Interface Fixture (WIF) Adapter R&R, S0 aft to Z1 forward (Rat's Nest) Photo Mapping, Secure Solar Array Blanket Boxes (SABB) Restraints, Relocate Shields Bundle #2 to Node 3[233]

198. Expedition 50
EVA 3
United States Shane Kimbrough
France Thomas Pesquet
March 24, 2017
11:24
March 24, 2017
17:58
6 hours, 34 minutes
Prepare PMA for move, install new Epic MDM, Camera Work, Lubricated Canadarm2 end effector and inspected a radiator value.[234]
199. Expedition 50
EVA 4
United States Shane Kimbrough
United States Peggy Whitson
March 30, 2017
12:29
March 30, 2017
19:33
7 hours, 04 minutes
Remove EXT-1 MDM & install EPIC MDM, Node 3 axial shields install including replacing a lost shield with the PMA-3 cover, PMA-3 cummerbunds install, PMA-3 cover removal, PMA-3 connections, close Node 3 port CDC, Inspection & cleaning of the Earth-facing berthing port of the Harmony module
200. Expedition 51
EVA 1
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Jack D. Fischer
May 12, 2017
13:08
May 12, 2017
17:21
4 hours, 13 minutes
Replaced ExPRESS Carrier Avionics (ExPCA), Installed Pressurized Mating Adapter-3 (PMA-3) Forward Shield, Installed Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) MIL-1553 Terminator, Secured Multilayer Insulation (MLI) on Japanese Manipulator System, Relocated a Portable Foot Restrain to PMA-3[235]
201. Expedition 51
EVA 2
United States Peggy Whitson
United States Jack D. Fischer
May 23, 2017
12:20
May 23, 2017
15:06
2 hours, 46 minutes
Replace failed Multiplexer-Demultiplexer (MDM), Installed two Wireless Communication Anntenna's[236]
202. Expedition 52
EVA 1
*
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin
Russia Sergei Ryazanski
August 17, 2017
14:36
August 17, 2017
22:10
7 hours, 34 minutes
Retrieved the "Restavratsiya" (Restoration) Experiment Hardware, Launched 5 Nano Satellites one of them being a Sputnik satellite named "Zerkalo" which was launched to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the original Sputnik and the birth of rocket scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Cleaned the windows on the Russian segment and installed "Test" containers on the hatches of the Pirs Docking Compartment and the Poisk Module, Retrieved CKK 9M9 cassettes from Zvezda, Installed Struts, Gap Spanners, and Handrails on Zvezda in preparation for the arrival of Nauka in the future, Installed the "Impact" trays by the Zvezda thrusters, and photographed the aft end of Zvezda and the "OHA" Antenna, Installed Struts, Gap Spanners, Handrails, and Ladders on Poisk, Photographed the Russian Segment.
203. Expedition 53
EVA 1
United States Randy Bresnik
United States Mark T. Vande Hei
October 5, 2017
12:05
October 5, 2017
19:00
6 hours, 55 minutes
Replaced Latching End Effector (LEE-A) on Canadarm2, removed multi-layer insulation from a spare direct current switching unit, prepared a flex hose rotary coupler[237][238]
204. Expedition 53
EVA 2
United States Randy Bresnik
United States Mark T. Vande Hei
October 10, 2017
12:56
October 10, 2017
19:22
6 hours, 26 minutes
Finished Repairs to Canadarm 2 added lubricating oil to all the working parts, Replaced the Station's Cameras which are used to film NASA TV, Installed Lens Covers, Closed and Locked a Latch on the High Pressure Gas Tanks, Rotated a Pump Module in preparation for relocating to P6 on a future spacewalk, Changed the Sockets on the degraded Latching End Effector and Reinstalled them on the new unit on Canadarm 2, Removed Handrails on Tranquility in preparation for installation of the EWS Antennas on a future spacewalk.
205. Expedition 53
EVA 3
United States Randy Bresnik
United States Joseph M. Acaba
October 20, 2017
12:46
October 20, 2017
19:36
6 hours, 49 minutes
Finished Repairs to Canadarm 2 added lubricating oil to all working parts and installed a camera and replaced a degraded one, Replaced the Station's Cameras which are used to film NASA TV, Replaced a Blown Fuse on Dextre, Removed MLI from two ORUs stored on ESP2 in preparation for them to be moved by Dextre later this year. Three get ahead task were performed by the crew MLI was removed from the Pump Modules on ESP2 Bresnik almost got the second one, but time expired and he had to close the flap on the second Pump Module it will be moved on the next spacewalk, Installed the Radiator Grapple Bars delivered on SpaceX CRS2.

Discover more about 2017 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 50

Expedition 50

Expedition 50 was the 50th expedition to the International Space Station.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Peggy Whitson

Peggy Whitson

Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Whitson has a total of 665 days in space, more than any other woman or American.

Shane Kimbrough

Shane Kimbrough

Robert Shane Kimbrough is a retired United States Army officer and NASA astronaut. He was part of the first group of candidates selected for NASA astronaut training following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Kimbrough is a veteran of three spaceflights, the first being a Space Shuttle flight, and the second being a six-month mission to the ISS on board a Russian Soyuz craft. He was the commander of the International Space Station for Expedition 50, and returned to Earth in April 2017. He is married to the former Robbie Lynn Nickels.

France

France

France, officially the French Republic, is a transcontinental country predominantly located in Western Europe and spanning overseas regions and territories in the Americas and the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Its metropolitan area extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea; overseas territories include French Guiana in South America, Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the North Atlantic, the French West Indies, and many islands in Oceania and the Indian Ocean. Due to its several coastal territories, France has the largest exclusive economic zone in the world. France borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Andorra, and Spain in continental Europe, as well as the Netherlands, Suriname, and Brazil in the Americas via its overseas territories in French Guiana and Saint Martin. Its eighteen integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) and contain close to 68 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre; other major urban areas include Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, Bordeaux, and Nice.

Thomas Pesquet

Thomas Pesquet

Thomas Gautier Pesquet is a French aerospace engineer, pilot, and European Space Agency astronaut. Pesquet was selected by ESA as a candidate in May 2009, and he successfully completed his basic training in November 2010. From November 2016 to June 2017, Pesquet was part of Expedition 50 and Expedition 51 as a flight engineer. Pesquet returned to space in April 2021 on board the SpaceX Crew Dragon for a second six-month stay on the ISS.

2018

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
206. Expedition 54
EVA 1
United States Mark T. Vande Hei
United States Scott D. Tingle
January 23, 2018
11:49
January 23, 2018
19:13
7 hours, 24 minutes
Replaced Latching End Effector (LEE-B) on Canadarm2, Installed failed LEE on ESP2, Replaced LEE Camera, Replaced EVA Socket.
207. Expedition 54
EVA 2
*
Russia Alexander Misurkin
Russia Anton Shkaplerov
February 2, 2018
15:34
February 2, 2018
23:47
8 hours, 13 minutes
Remove and replacement of an electronics box for a high-gain communications antenna on the Zvezda service module.
208. Expedition 54
EVA 3
United States Mark T. Vande Hei
Japan Norishige Kanai
February 16, 2018
12:00
February 16, 2018
17:57
5 hours, 57 minutes
Finished removal and replacement of Latching End Effector on POA, Replaced LEE Camera, Installed Ground Strap on Canadarm2, Brought failed LEE inside, Lubricated Canadarm2, Moved Tool Platform on Dextre, Adjusted Struts on Flex Hose Rotary Coupler.
209. Expedition 55
EVA 1
United States Andrew J. Feustel
United States Richard R. Arnold
March 29, 2018
13:33
March 29, 2018
19:43
6 hours, 10 minutes
Installed two Wi-Fi antennas on the Node 3 module in preparation for the arrival of ECOSTRESS on SpaceX CRS-15, removed ammonia jumpers and inspected two working jumpers on the stations truss, replaced camera and lights used to film NASA TV
210. Expedition 55
EVA 2
United States Andrew J. Feustel
United States Richard R. Arnold
May 16, 2018
11:39
May 16, 2018
18:10
6 hours, 31 minutes
Transferred a Pump Flow Control Subassembly over to Dextre stowed failed PFCS on ESP-1, Replaced camera and lights used to film NASA TV, Replaced Space to Ground Transceiver Controller, Performed get aheads to Install handrails on Radiator Grapple Bars on S1, Removed thermal blankets and MLI from two Direct Current Switching Units on ESP-2, Prepped the Flex Hose Rotary Coupler on S1 for replacement. Spacewalk suffered a 7-minute delay because of a water leak which formed ice crystals inside the airlock.
211. Expedition 56
EVA 1
United States Andrew J. Feustel
United States Richard R. Arnold
June 14, 2018
12:06
June 14, 2018
18:55
6 hours, 49 minutes
Feustel and Arnold installed new high-definition cameras near IDA 2 mated to the front end of the station's Harmony module. The additions will provide enhanced views during the final phase of approach and docking of the SpaceX Crew Dragon and Boeing CST 100 Starliner commercial crew spacecraft that will soon begin launching from American soil.

The astronauts also swapped out a camera assembly on the starboard truss of the station used to film NASA TV and closed an aperture door on the CATS experiment outside the Japanese Kibo module in preparation for disposal on SpaceX CRS 15 and replacement by its successor, ECOSTRESS. Get aheads involved relocating an adjustable grapple bar to the S1 Truss and securing the Flex Hose Rotary Coupler in preparation for replacement on the next spacewalk. During the spacewalk Feustel beat Jerry Ross, his STS 125 crewmate Dr. John Grunsfeld, Fyoder Yurchikhin, and Peggy Whitson to become third on the list of all time space walkers.[239]

212. Expedition 56
EVA 2
*
Russia Oleg Artemyev
Russia Sergey Prokopyev
August 15, 2018
16:17
August 15, 2018
00:03
7 hours, 46 minutes
The cosmonauts launched four cubesats and installed the Icarus experiment. Spacewalk fell behind schedule when Icarus failed to seat properly putting the spacewalk 90 minutes behind schedule and calling for an hour extension. The cosmonauts finished the spacewalk by retrieving experiments from the Pirs docking compartment and Poisk module[240]
213. Expedition 57
EVA 1
*
Russia Oleg Kononenko
Russia Sergey Prokopyev
December 11, 2018
15:59
December 11, 2018
23:44
7 hours, 45 minutes
The cosmonauts went outside to install a plug and thermal insulation on the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft which was damaged by a powertool causing an air leak. The cosmonauts gave Soyuz MS-09 a clean bill of health before they patched it up clearing the vessel for entry on December 20, 2018. Get ahead task included swapping experiments on the Rassvet module.[241]

Discover more about 2018 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 54

Expedition 54

Expedition 54 was the 54th expedition to the International Space Station, which began upon the departure of Soyuz MS-05 on December 14, 2017 and concluded upon the departure of Soyuz MS-06 on February 27, 2018. Alexander Misurkin, Mark Vande Hei and Joseph Acaba were transferred from Expedition 53, with Alexander Misurkin taking the commander role. Transfer of Command from Expedition 54 to Expedition 55 was done on February 26, 2018. Expedition 54 officially ended on February 27, 2018 23:08 UTC, with the undocking of Soyuz MS-06.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Mark T. Vande Hei

Mark T. Vande Hei

Mark Thomas Vande Hei is a retired United States Army officer and current NASA astronaut who has served as a flight Engineer for Expedition 53, 54, 64, 65, and 66 on the International Space Station.

Scott D. Tingle

Scott D. Tingle

Scott David Tingle is a NASA astronaut. He was selected in June 2009 as a member of the NASA Astronaut Group 20, qualifying in 2011. Serving as a flight engineer as part of Expedition 54 and 55, Tingle launched into space on board Soyuz MS-07 in December 2017, and returned in June 2018. Tingle is a highly decorated naval pilot, having flown 51 types of aircraft over more than 4,500 flight hours, landed 750 aircraft with carrier arrestments, and fought in 54 combat missions.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Alexander Misurkin

Alexander Misurkin

Alexander Alexanderovich Misurkin, a major in the Russian Air Force, is a Russian cosmonaut, selected in 2006. He flew aboard Soyuz TMA-08M on 28 March 2013 as his first space mission, and launched on Soyuz MS-06 as his second flight, in 2017. He was Commander of the International Space Station for Expedition 54.

Anton Shkaplerov

Anton Shkaplerov

Anton Nikolaevich Shkaplerov is a Russian cosmonaut. He is a veteran of four spaceflights.

Japan

Japan

Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, while extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, and Taiwan in the south. Japan is a part of the Ring of Fire, and spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Norishige Kanai

Norishige Kanai

Norishige Kanai is a Japanese doctor and JAXA astronaut.

Mobile Servicing System

Mobile Servicing System

The Mobile Servicing System (MSS), is a robotic system on board the International Space Station (ISS). Launched to the ISS in 2001, it plays a key role in station assembly and maintenance; it moves equipment and supplies around the station, supports astronauts working in space, and services instruments and other payloads attached to the ISS and is used for external maintenance. Astronauts receive specialized training to enable them to perform these functions with the various systems of the MSS.

2019

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
214. Expedition 59
EVA 1
United States Anne McClain
United States Nick Hague
March 22, 2019
13:01
March 22, 2019
19:40
6 hours, 39 minutes
McClain and Hague installed adapter plates while Dextre swapped the batteries between spacewalks. Get ahead task included removing debris from the Unity Module in preparation for the arrival of Cygnus NG-11 in April, stowing tools for the repair of the flex hose rotary coupler, and securing tiebacks on the solar array blanket boxes. This spacewalk was originally going to be carried out by European astronaut Alexander Gerst and Hague as part of Expedition 57, although it was delayed due to the Soyuz MS-10 launch abort.[242] Anne McClain became the 13th woman to perform a spacewalk.
215. Expedition 59
EVA 2
United States Nick Hague
United States Christina Koch
29 March 2019
11:42
29 March 2019
18:27
6 hours, 45 minutes
Hague and Koch finished the work of the first spacewalk and installed the final three adapter plates on the other side of the P4 Truss. The crew also transferred some tools and installed a grapple bar on the flex hose rotary coupler. Between spacewalks, Dextre will changed the batteries and the exposed pallet was loaded onto HTV-8 and jettisoned into space to burn up. One of the batteries malfunctioned and was removed by Dextre and discarded. Dextre also installed a Battery Discharge Unit and bought the failed unit which was damaged by the short inside where it was returned to earth on SpaceX CRS-17. Until the battery is repaired P4 will use the old batteries left on the station as spares. Get ahead task included installing gap spanners and breaking torque on the P6 batteries in preparation for their replacement by Expedition 61 crew members that fall. Hague also inspected sockets on P6 so the foot restraints could be attached. This spacewalk was supposed to be done by Anne McClain and Christina Koch as an all female spacewalk but because of problems with Christina's suit and the spare suit not ready or properly sized Anne McClain sat this spacewalk out and went out with David on the next spacewalk.[243] This spacewalk became the first for Koch who became the 14th woman to walk in space.[244]
216. Expedition 59
EVA 3
United States Anne McClain
Canada David Saint-Jacques
8 April 2019
11:31
8 April 2019
18:00
6 hours, 29 minutes
McClain and Saint Jacques routed cables to be used as a redundant power supply for Canadarm2. The crew installed studs on the Columbus Module in preparation for the installation of the Bartolomeo exposed facility. The crew removed an adapter plate and reinstalled an old set of batteries as spares to replace a failed battery that malfunctioned on the last spacewalk. Saint Jacques became the fourth Canadian to do a spacewalk, the first Canadian ISS crew member to walk in space, and the first Canadian spacewalker since Dafydd Williams.[245]
217. Expedition 59
EVA 4
*
Russia Oleg Kononenko
Russia Aleksey Ovichinin
29 May 2019
15:42
29 May 2019
21:43
6 hours, 01 minute
Kononenko and Ovichinin removed experiments from the Pirs docking compartment and cleaned the windows. They also installed a ladder to connect Zarya to Poisk and re-positioned the Plume Measuring Unit. The crew then moved to the Zvezda Service Module and removed and jettisoned the Plasma Monitoring Units. Before they closed the hatch they sent a video of themselves and sang happy birthday in Russian to Alexei Leonov who was the first spacewalker and was celebrating his 85th birthday.[246]
218. Expedition 60
EVA 1
United States Nick Hague
United States Andrew R. Morgan
21 August 2019
12:27
21 August 2019
18:59
6 hours, 32 minutes
Hague and Morgan installed the final International Docking Adapter on the Harmony Module. Task for this spacewalk were identical to Spacewalk 194 and required work by both spacewalkers and Dextre to get the docking port installed. The crew also routed cables and installed Wi-Fi routers for upcoming experiments.[247]
219. Expedition 61
EVA 1
United States Christina Koch
United States Andrew R. Morgan
6 October 2019
11:39
6 October 2019
18:40
7 hours, 01 minute
This spacewalk was the first of Expedition 61 and the first of a series of 5 to replace and improve ISS batteries on the P6 truss.[248]
220. Expedition 61
EVA 2
United States Andrew R. Morgan
United States Christina Koch
11 October 2019
11:38
11 October 2019
18:23
6 hours, 45 minutes
This spacewalk was the second of Expedition 61 and the second of a series of 5 to replace and improve ISS batteries on the P6 truss. Before they went out the hatch Mission Control Moscow relayed to the crew Alexei Leonov had passed away and this spacewalk is dedicated to him. As the crew came in and took off their suits each gave a choice of words before station commander Luca Parmitano said "Farewell Alexei, and ad astra."[249][250]
221. Expedition 61
EVA 3
United States Christina Koch
United States Jessica Meir
18 October 2019
11:38
18 October 2019
18:55
7 hours, 17 minutes
This spacewalk was the third of Expedition 61 and the third of a series of 5 to replace and improve ISS batteries on the P6 truss. Some of the battery swaps have been moved to EVA 225 and a later date because of a power failure in a Battery Charge Discharge Unit in slots 5 and 6 on the P6 Truss taking the 4B battery channel offline. Koch and Meir went outside and replaced the failed unit and brought it inside. The battery swap was moved to EVA 225 to save time and Meir and Koch wrapped up the spacewalk by installing a stanchion on the Columbus Module and tightening the bolts on the S0 Truss which had come loose. This spacewalk was the first all female spacewalk on the station. During the spacewalk, President Trump called the station and congratulated Koch and Meir on this milestone.[251]
222. Expedition 61
EVA 4
Italy Luca Parmitano
United States Andrew R. Morgan
15 November 2019
11:39
15 November 2019
18:18
6 hours, 39 minutes
First of a series of four spacewalks to repair the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer which suffered a power failure last year in one of its four cooling pumps limiting the operation of the experiment. Parmitano and Morgan went outside and removed a cover plate from AMS and jettisoned it into space to make way for a cryo pump that they will assemble between spacewalks. Some of the bolts put up a fight but Parmitano got them all out. The highlight of the spacewalk is when Andrew R. Morgan threw the cover plate overboard and it drifted off aft of the station into the vacuum of space. The plate will stay in orbit for a few days until the end of December when it enters the atmosphere and burns up. The crew also removed several carbon fiber strips around fluid lines and installed handrails and grapple bars as get-ahead task. This spacewalk marks Parmitano's return to spacewalking after the Water in the Helmet Incident during EVA 171.[252]
223. Expedition 61
EVA 5
Italy Luca Parmitano
United States Andrew R. Morgan
22 November 2019
12:02
22 November 2019
16:35
6 hours, 33 minutes
The second in a series of four spacewalks to repair the AMS. Parmitano and Morgan cut fluid lines and installed a vent on the AMS Experiment to prep the old cooling pump for removal on the third spacewalk. Parmitano and Morgan also routed cables and installed a new power supply to power the pumps when they are installed on the third spacewalk.[253]
224. Expedition 61
EVA 6
Italy Luca Parmitano
United States Andrew R. Morgan
2 December 2019
11:31
2 December 2019
17:33
6 hours, 02 minutes
The third in a series of four spacewalks to repair the AMS. Parmitano and Morgan went out on the third spacewalk and installed the cryo pump and routed fluid and electrical lines to power the pump. Flight controllers in Houston, Huntsville, and at CERN activated the experiment and radioed to the crew that AMS passed with flying colors. The crew finished the spacewalk by doing a get-ahead task by covering AMS with thermal blanket.[254]

Discover more about 2019 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 59

Expedition 59

Expedition 59 was the 59th Expedition to the International Space Station. It started with the arrival of the Soyuz MS-12 spacecraft carrying Aleksey Ovchinin, Nick Hague and Christina Koch, joining Oleg Kononenko, David Saint-Jacques and Anne McClain who transferred from Expedition 58. The expedition formally began on March 15, 2019. Ovchinin and Hague were originally meant to fly to the ISS aboard Soyuz MS-10, but returned to Earth minutes after takeoff due to a contingency abort. The expedition formally ended with the undocking of the Soyuz MS-11 spacecraft carrying Kononenko, Saint-Jacques and McClain on 24 June 2019; Ovchinin, Hague and Koch transferred to Expedition 60.

Anne McClain

Anne McClain

Anne Charlotte McClain is a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army, engineer and a NASA astronaut. Her call sign, "Annimal", dates back to her bruising rugby days; she also uses the call sign in her Twitter handle, AstroAnnimal. She was a Flight Engineer for Expedition 58/59 to the International Space Station.

Nick Hague

Nick Hague

Tyler Nicklaus Hague is a United States Space Force colonel and a NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. Selected to be a flight engineer on the International Space Station, his first launch was on Soyuz MS-10, which aborted shortly after take-off on October 11, 2018. His second launch, on March 14, 2019, was successful, taking him and his fellow Soyuz MS-12 crew members to join ISS Expedition 59/60.

Dextre

Dextre

Dextre, also known as the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM), is a two armed robot, or telemanipulator, which is part of the Mobile Servicing System on the International Space Station (ISS), and does repairs that would otherwise require astronauts to do spacewalks. It was launched on March 11th, 2008 on the mission STS-123.

Cygnus NG-11

Cygnus NG-11

NG-11, previously known as OA-11, is the twelfth flight of the Northrop Grumman robotic resupply spacecraft Cygnus and its eleventh flight to the International Space Station under the Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-1) contract with NASA. The mission launched on 17 April 2019 at 20:46:07 UTC. This is the last mission from the extended CRS-1 contract; follow-up missions are part of the CRS-2 contract. Cygnus NG-11 was also the first mission to load critical hardware onto Cygnus within the last 24 hours prior to launch, a new Antares feature.

Alexander Gerst

Alexander Gerst

Alexander Gerst is a German European Space Agency astronaut and geophysicist, who was selected in 2009 to take part in space training. He was part of the International Space Station Expedition 40 and 41 from May to November 2014. Gerst returned to space on 6 June 2018, as part of Expedition 56/57. He was the Commander of the International Space Station. He returned to Earth on 20 December 2018. After the end of his second mission and before being surpassed by Luca Parmitano in 2020, he held the record for most time in space of any active ESA astronaut, succeeding Italian astronaut Paolo Nespoli, and German ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter, who formally held the record for the longest time in space for any active or retired ESA astronaut.

Expedition 57

Expedition 57

Expedition 57 was the 57th expedition to the International Space Station, which began on October 4, 2018, upon the departure of Soyuz MS-08.

Soyuz MS-10

Soyuz MS-10

Soyuz MS-10 was a crewed Soyuz MS spaceflight that aborted shortly after launch on 11 October 2018 due to a failure of the Soyuz-FG launch vehicle boosters. MS-10 was the 139th flight of a Soyuz spacecraft. It was intended to transport two members of the Expedition 57 crew to the International Space Station. A few minutes after liftoff, the craft went into contingency abort due to a booster failure and had to return to Earth. By the time the contingency abort was declared, the launch escape system (LES) tower had already been ejected and the capsule was pulled away from the rocket using the solid rocket jettison motors on the capsule fairing. Both crew members, Roscosmos cosmonaut Aleksey Ovchinin and NASA astronaut Nick Hague, were recovered in good health. The MS-10 flight abort was the first instance of a Russian crewed booster accident in 35 years, since Soyuz T-10-1 exploded on the launch pad in September 1983. On 1 November 2018, Russian scientists released a video recording of the mission.

Christina Koch

Christina Koch

Christina Hammock Koch is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. She received Bachelor of Science degrees in electrical engineering and physics and a Master of Science in electrical engineering at North Carolina State University. She also did advanced study while working at the Goddard Space Flight Center. Just before becoming an astronaut, she served at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as station chief for American Samoa.

SpaceX CRS-17

SpaceX CRS-17

SpaceX CRS-17, also known as SpX-17, was a Commercial Resupply Services mission (CRS) to the International Space Station that was launched aboard a Falcon 9 rocket on 4 May 2019. The mission was contracted by NASA and was flown by SpaceX.

Expedition 61

Expedition 61

Expedition 61 was the 61st Expedition to the International Space Station, which began on 3 October 2019 with the undocking of the Soyuz MS-12 spacecraft. The Expedition was commanded by ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano, who became the third European and first Italian astronaut to command the ISS. Parmitano, along with his Soyuz MS-13 colleagues Aleksandr Skvortsov and Andrew Morgan, and Christina Koch from Soyuz MS-12, transferred over from Expedition 60. They were joined by Oleg Skripochka and Jessica Meir, who launched on 25 September 2019 on board Soyuz MS-15.

2020

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
225. Expedition 61
EVA 7
United States Christina Koch
United States Jessica Meir
15 January 2020
11:35
15 January 2020
19:04
7 hours, 29 minutes
The fourth in a series of five spacewalks to replace the batteries on the P6 Truss. Spacewalk suffered a 15-minute delay when Koch lost her helmet lights and camera. Meir managed to attach a hook onto the camera to prevent it from floating away and stowed it in Koch's tool bag. The spacewalkers managed to replace two batteries plus a third as a getahead task and had to stay in signal range of the WETA antennas so Meir could check on Koch at night who did not have any helmet lights. The spacewalkers will replace the camera between spacewalks and will head back out to replace the final three batteries on the next spacewalk.[255]
226. Expedition 61
EVA 8
United States Christina Koch
United States Jessica Meir
20 January 2020
11:35
20 January 2020
18:33
6 hours, 58 minutes
The fifth and final in a series of five spacewalks to replace the batteries on the P6 Truss. Koch and Meir managed to get all the batteries replaced and stored two old ones on the exposed pallet to return to Earth on Kounotori 9 where they will be incinerated on reentry. Koch and Meir finished the day by sending down a message to commemorate Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Today's spacewalk moves Koch up to third place and Meir up to fourth place on the all time female spacewalker list.[256]
227. Expedition 61
EVA 9
United States Andrew R. Morgan
Italy Luca Parmitano
25 January 2020
12:04
25 January 2020
18:20
6 hours, 16 minutes
The fourth and final in a series of four spacewalks to repair the AMS. Spacewalk suffered a 10-minute delay when a strap got stuck in the hatch preventing depressurization of the airlock. The two spacewalkers completed all the task and at 17:30 hours Luca Parmitano opened a valve to start the flow of CO2 gas to AMS and contacted CERN to turn the experiment on. AMS passed all test and worked flawlessly. A leak was found in a cooling line but Parmitano patched it and the spacewalk resumed without incident. As a getahead task Parmitano and Morgan cleaned and replaced glare filters on the NASA TV cameras used to film the spacewalk.[257]
228. Expedition 63
EVA 1
United States Chris Cassidy
United States Robert Behnken
26 June 2020
11:32
26 June 2020
17:39
6 hours, 07 minutes
First in a series of four spacewalks to replace old Nickel-hydrogen batteries on the ISS S6 Truss segment with new Lithium-ion batteries. Behnken is not a member of the Expedition 63 crew but instead is flying as Joint Operations Commander on SpaceX's Crew Dragon Demo-2 mission, which was extended so that the mission's two crew members could support ISS operations for an extended period of time. At the conclusion of the spacewalk the two batteries were turned on and the ground reported that they were working and that there were no signs of a short.[258]
229. Expedition 63
EVA 2
United States Chris Cassidy
United States Robert Behnken
1 July 2020
11:13
1 July 2020
16:14
6 hours, 01 minute
Second in a series of four spacewalks to replace old nickel-hydrogen batteries on the ISS S6 Truss segment with new lithium-ion batteries. Route cables for a new wireless communications system.[259]
230. Expedition 63
EVA 3
United States Chris Cassidy
United States Robert Behnken
16 July 2020
11:10
16 July 2020
17:10
6 hours, 00 minutes
Third in a series of four spacewalks to replace old nickel-hydrogen batteries on the S6 Truss segment with new lithium-ion batteries. That work was completed with this EVA. Installed a high-definition camera boom on the inboard power truss and begin preparations of Tranquility (Node 3) port for installation of the Bishop Airlock Module.[260]
231. Expedition 63
EVA 4
United States Chris Cassidy
United States Robert Behnken
21 July 2020
11:12
21 July 2020
16:41
5 hours, 29 minutes
Fourth in a series of four spacewalks for Expedition 63. Install robotics tool box on a rail-mounted carrier used to move the station's robot arm from one worksite to another, remove two of six ground-handling “H” fixtures at the base of the solar wings for future upgrades, routing and connecting Ethernet cables for external experiment data transmission, and conclude preparations of Tranquility (Node 3) port for installation of the Nanoracks Bishop Airlock (CRS-21).[261]
232. Expedition 64
EVA 1
^
Russia Sergey Ryzhikov
Russia Sergey Kud-Sverchkov
18 November 2020
15:12
18 November 2020
22:00
6 hours, 48 minutes
First in a series of spacewalks to decommission the Pirs Airlock which is scheduled to be replaced by Nauka in the summer of 2021. Task involved testing Poisk so the crew can egress, performing leak checks on the hatch, moving an antenna over to Poisk, cleaning Zvezda's windows, repositioning the Plume Measuring Unit on the Poisk module, retrieving and replacing an Impact panel on Zvezda, and replacing a fluid flow regulator on Zarya.[262][263] Spacewalk faced a delay when the bolt on the catch of the pressurized container did not release and the cosmonauts had the wrong socket wrench for the task. The fluid flow regulator will be replaced at a later date with a new unit once the pressurized container is fixed. Because of time the window cleaning was also moved to another spacewalk because the task is non critical.[264]

Discover more about 2020 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 61

Expedition 61

Expedition 61 was the 61st Expedition to the International Space Station, which began on 3 October 2019 with the undocking of the Soyuz MS-12 spacecraft. The Expedition was commanded by ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano, who became the third European and first Italian astronaut to command the ISS. Parmitano, along with his Soyuz MS-13 colleagues Aleksandr Skvortsov and Andrew Morgan, and Christina Koch from Soyuz MS-12, transferred over from Expedition 60. They were joined by Oleg Skripochka and Jessica Meir, who launched on 25 September 2019 on board Soyuz MS-15.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Christina Koch

Christina Koch

Christina Hammock Koch is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. She received Bachelor of Science degrees in electrical engineering and physics and a Master of Science in electrical engineering at North Carolina State University. She also did advanced study while working at the Goddard Space Flight Center. Just before becoming an astronaut, she served at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as station chief for American Samoa.

Jessica Meir

Jessica Meir

Jessica Ulrika Meir is an American-Swedish NASA astronaut, marine biologist, and physiologist. She was previously an assistant professor of anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, following postdoctoral research in comparative physiology at the University of British Columbia. She has studied the diving physiology and behavior of emperor penguins in Antarctica, and the physiology of bar-headed geese, which are able to migrate over the Himalayas. In September 2002, Meir served as an aquanaut on the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations 4 crew. In 2013, she was selected by NASA to Astronaut Group 21. In 2016, Meir participated in ESA CAVES, a training course in which international astronauts train in a space-analogue cave environment. Meir launched on September 25, 2019, to the ISS onboard Soyuz MS-15, where she served as a flight Engineer during Expedition 61 and 62. On October 18, 2019, Meir and Christina Koch were the first women to participate in an all-female spacewalk.

Kounotori 9

Kounotori 9

Kounotori 9 (こうのとり9号機), also known as HTV-9 was the 9th flight of the H-II Transfer Vehicle, a robotic cargo spacecraft to resupply the International Space Station (ISS). It was launched on 20 May 2020, at 17:31:00 UTC.

Martin Luther King Jr. Day

Martin Luther King Jr. Day

Martin Luther King Jr. Day is a federal holiday in the United States marking the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year. Born in 1929, King's actual birthday is January 15. The holiday is similar to holidays set under the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. The earliest Monday for this holiday is January 15 and the latest is January 21.

Andrew R. Morgan

Andrew R. Morgan

Andrew Richard "Drew" Morgan is a NASA astronaut from the class of 2013.

Italy

Italy

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, in Southern Europe; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region. Italy is also considered part of Western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital and largest city, the country covers a total area of 301,230 km2 (116,310 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland, Campione. With over 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.

Luca Parmitano

Luca Parmitano

Colonel Luca Parmitano is an Italian astronaut in the European Astronaut Corps for the European Space Agency (ESA). He was selected as an ESA astronaut in May 2009. Parmitano is also a Colonel and test pilot for the Italian Air Force.

CERN

CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research, known as CERN, is an intergovernmental organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. Established in 1954, it is based in a northwestern suburb of Geneva, on the France–Switzerland border. It comprises 23 member states, and Israel is currently the only non-European country holding full membership. CERN is an official United Nations General Assembly observer.

NASA TV

NASA TV

NASA TV is the television service of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). It is broadcast by satellite with a simulcast over the Internet. Local cable television providers across the United States and amateur television repeaters may carry NASA TV at their own discretion, as NASA-created content is considered a work of the U.S. government and is within the public domain. NASA TV is also available via various cable, satellite, and over-the-top media services around the world. The network was formally created in the early 1980s to provide NASA managers and engineers with real-time video of missions. NASA has operated a television service since the beginning of the space program for archival purposes, and in order to provide media outlets with video footage.

2021

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
233. Expedition 64
EVA 2
United States Michael Hopkins
United States Victor Glover
27 January 2021
11:28
27 January 2021
18:24
6 hours, 56 minutes
Spacewalk to activate and install the Airbus Bartolomeo exposed experiment platform and the Columbus Ka band Terminal (COL-Ka) onto Columbus. Remove H fixtures from the P-6 Truss in preparation for installation of upgrades to the solar arrays. Due to issues with the installation of Bartolomeo, only four out of the six cables could be installed. The platform is "partially operational and in a safe configuration" according to NASA; the final two cables will be installed on a future spacewalk. ESA astronaut Andreas Mogensen was Ground IV.[265][266][267][268]
234. Expedition 64
EVA 3
United States Michael Hopkins
United States Victor Glover
1 February 2021
12:56
1 February 2021
18:16
5 hours, 20 minutes
Installed a new lithium-ion battery on the P-4 truss, where an earlier lithium replacement blew a fuse in April 2019. Upgraded high definition video and camera gear on ISS exterior and Kibō Robotic Arm. Removed H fixtures on the P-4 in preparation for installation of upgrades to the solar arrays.[269]
235. Expedition 64
EVA 4
United States Kathleen Rubins
United States Victor Glover
28 February 2021
11:12
28 February 2021
18:16
7 hours, 04 minutes
Installed 2B modification kit to prepare Station for new solar array installation. If time allows they will also assemble the 4B modification kit and stow the brackets for installation of the new solar arrays. Due to issues with the 2B array one of the bolts failed to engage so Rubins backed it out and tightened it with a torque wrench before engaging it with her drill placing the upgrade kit in a safe configuration. The spacewalkers started work on the 4B array before time ran out and only got the triangles and one of the struts installed. The final struts will be installed on the next spacewalk and the next group will bring tools to tighten the bolts on the 2B array. NASA astronaut Frank Rubio was Ground IV.[270][271][272]
236. Expedition 64
EVA 5
United States Kathleen Rubins
Japan Soichi Noguchi
5 March 2021
11:37
5 March 2021
18:33
6 hours, 56 minutes
Finished installation of the 4B modification kit.[272] Some of the bolts did not engage but Rubins left them in a safe configuration. Because of time some of the task on this spacewalk were moved to the next spacewalk. Rubins and Noguchi finished the spacewalk by relocating their foot restraints for the next spacewalk.[273]
237. Expedition 64
EVA 6
United States Michael Hopkins
United States Victor Glover
13 March 2021
13:14
13 March 2021
20:01
6 hours, 47 minutes
Vented ammonia jumpers on P6, Installed WETA Antennas and Ethernet Routers on the Unity Module and Camera 9 on the truss, installed stiffiners on the Quest Airlock and cleaned the Bartolomeo jumper cables and activated the module.[274] Spacewalk faced a delay in setup because of issues with Hopkin's snoopy cap. The cap will be returned to Houston and replaced. Because of time the task to install cable clamps on Bartolomeo and to route an ethernet router on the S6 Truss were moved to a later spacewalk.[275]
238. Expedition 65
EVA 1
^
Russia Oleg Novitsky
Russia Pyotr Dubrov
2 June 2021
05:53
2 June 2021
13:12
7 hours, 19 minutes
Second in a series of spacewalks to decommission the Pirs Airlock which is scheduled to be replaced by Nauka in the summer of 2021. Task involve installing a flow control valve on Zarya, removing docking antennas and their cables on Pirs, removing EVA gap spanners from Pirs, transferring experiments over to Poisk, installing Test containers on the hatches, and relocating a Strela crane over to Poisk. Getahead task involve cleaning the windows on the Russian segment, and doing an inspection of Zvezda and plugging any leaks they find. Because of time the cosmonauts did not get to the getahead task because of a late start and issues with the hatch on the pressurized container. These task will be done on the next spacewalk when Roscosmos makes sure they have safe conditions to perform the task.[276][277][278]
239. Expedition 65
EVA 2
France Thomas Pesquet
United States Shane Kimbrough
16 June 2021
12:11
16 June 2021
19:26
7 hours, 15 minutes
First in a series of spacewalks to install the iROSA solar arrays on the P6 Truss. While working on releasing the arrays from their launch carrier, Kimbrough's spacesuit experienced issues with its Display and Control Module (DCM), so he was sent back to the airlock to connect to station umbilicals to restart it. The restart was successful, although it delayed the EVA. Additionally, an issue was discovered with his suit's sublimator, which threatened to end the EVA prematurely; this was determined to be a false reading, allowing work to resume. Following this, the astronauts successfully released the solar arrays and installed them on the P6 mounting bracket. A subsequent attempt to unfold the two rolled arrays, which were folded side by side during launch, failed due to interference (blockage) from a structure near the mounting area. As the EVA was then past the six-hour mark, ground controllers instructed the astronauts to finish securing the array structure to the station, photograph the work site, and return to the airlock. The next steps of unfolding the array pair, making electrical connections, and unfurling the rolled arrays were postponed to a future EVA pending ground analysis of the interference issue. CSA astronaut Jenni Sidey was Ground IV.[279][280]
240. Expedition 65
EVA 3
France Thomas Pesquet
United States Shane Kimbrough
20 June 2021
11:42
20 June 2021
18:10
6 hours, 28 minutes
Second in a series of spacewalks that will install the iROSA solar arrays on the P6 Truss. The spacewalkers managed to connect iROSA with a little elbow grease and at 16:40 hours deployed it and it is receiving power. CSA astronaut Jenni Sidey was Ground IV.[281][282]
241. Expedition 65
EVA 4
France Thomas Pesquet
United States Shane Kimbrough
25 June 2021
11:52
25 June 2021
18:37
6 hours, 45 minutes
Third in a series of spacewalks that will install the iROSA solar arrays on the P6 Truss. The spacewalkers completed all the task and at 17:45 hours the arrays were deployed and are generating power. Because of time they did not get to the get ahead task and they will have to be moved to another spacewalk. CSA astronaut Jenni Sidey was Ground IV.[283][284]
242. Expedition 65
EVA 5
^
Russia Oleg Novitsky
Russia Pyotr Dubrov
3 September 2021
14:41
3 September 2021
22:35
7 hours, 54 minutes
First in a series of spacewalks to outfit Nauka. The cosmonauts routed power and ethernet cables interconnecting Nauka with the US segment via Zarya and PMA-1, and installed EVA handrails along Nauka's exterior. The complex series of tasks planned for this EVA was budgeted at a nominal 7 hours, but was delayed substantially by cumulative minor complications, ultimately stretching to nearly 8 hours with several tasks postponed. The power cables were successfully mated and a good power path was confirmed by ground controllers; the ethernet cables were routed but not all connections were mated due to lack of time. Mating of the final ethernet cables and jettisoning of the cable reel were deferred to a future spacewalk. One of the three planned handrail installations was partially completed, but had trouble with one of its screws as the EVA was then past the 7-hour mark, ground controllers instructed Dubrov to attach it temporarily with wire ties for completion on the next EVA. Additional tasks deferred to future EVAs include the installation of three Biorisk microorganism exposure experiment modules on the exterior of the station, and a photo survey of the Zarya module's exterior.[285][286]
243. Expedition 65
EVA 6
^
Russia Oleg Novitsky
Russia Pyotr Dubrov
9 September 2021
14:51
9 September 2021
22:16
7 hours, 25 minutes
Second in a series of spacewalks to outfit Nauka.[287][288] The cosmonauts continued where they left off from EVA 5, finishing ethernet cable connections and installing four EVA handrails on Nauka (including the troublesome one left incomplete from EVA 5). They subsequently connected cable bundles between Nauka and Zvezda, providing ethernet links between those modules as well as links for Nauka's TV cameras and docking navigation antennas (Kurs and TORU). They then mounted three Biorisk microorganism exposure experiment modules on the exterior of the Poisk airlock module. Additionally, the cosmonauts took survey photos of the exterior of the Russian segment of the station, including the Kurs docking antennas of the Progress MS-17 cargo vehicle (confirming that they were undamaged) and external sensors on Nauka; they also realigned a thruster plume measurement unit on Poisk. Finally, the cosmonauts tied together and jettisoned a junk cable reel cover along with some leftover insulation from the Biorisk experiments.[288]
244. Expedition 65
EVA 7
Japan Akihiko Hoshide
France Thomas Pesquet
12 September 2021
12:15
12 September 2021
19:09
6 hours, 54 minutes
Installed the 4A modification kit on the P4 Truss for the arrival of SpaceX CRS-26 with the final portside IROSA solar arrays. Replaced a Floating Point Measuring Unit and a Static Charge Micrometer external component on the S1 Truss to prepare the port side for its long term configuration.[289]
245. Expedition 66
EVA 1
United States Tom Marshburn
United States Kayla Barron
2 December 2021
11:15
2 December 2021
17:47
6 hours, 32 minutes
Replaced a faulty S-Band Antenna on the P1 Truss that failed last August with a spare mounted nearby on ELC-3.[290][291]

Discover more about 2021 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 64

Expedition 64

Expedition 64 was the 64th long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS), that began on 21 October 2020 with the undocking and departure of Soyuz MS-16. The Expedition started with the three crew members launched onboard Soyuz MS-17 and reached its full complement with the arrival of SpaceX Crew-1, the first operational flight of NASA's Commercial Crew Program (CCP). As Crew-1 consists of a crew of four instead of three like the Soyuz, Expedition 64 marks the beginning of operations for crews of seven on the ISS. In the final week of the mission, Soyuz MS-18 and its three cosmonaut crew joined the mission. The expedition ended on 17 April 2021 with the departure of Soyuz MS-17.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Michael S. Hopkins

Michael S. Hopkins

Michael Scott Hopkins is a United States Space Force colonel and NASA astronaut. Hopkins was selected in June 2009 as a member of the NASA Astronaut Group 20. He made his first spaceflight as a Flight Engineer on Soyuz TMA-10M/Expedition 37/Expedition 38, from September 2013 until March 2014. He is the first member of his astronaut class to fly in space. Hopkins is the first astronaut to transfer to the U.S. Space Force, participating in a transfer ceremony on the International Space Station.

Victor J. Glover

Victor J. Glover

Victor Jerome Glover is a NASA astronaut of the class of 2013 and Pilot on the first operational flight of the SpaceX Crew Dragon to the International Space Station. Glover is a captain in the U.S. Navy where he pilots an F/A-18, and is a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School. He was a crew member of Expedition 64, and served as a station systems flight engineer.

Airbus Defence and Space

Airbus Defence and Space

Airbus Defence and Space is the division of Airbus SE responsible for the development and manufacturing of the corporation's defence and space products, while also providing related services. The division was formed in January 2014 during the corporate restructuring of European Aeronautic Defence and Space (EADS), and comprises the former Airbus Military, Astrium, and Cassidian divisions. It is the world's second-largest space company after Boeing and one of the top ten defence companies in the world.

Ka band

Ka band

The Ka band is a portion of the microwave part of the electromagnetic spectrum defined as frequencies in the range 26.5–40 gigahertz (GHz), i.e. wavelengths from slightly over one centimeter down to 7.5 millimeters. The band is called Ka, short for "K-above" because it is the upper part of the original NATO K band, which was split into three bands because of the presence of the atmospheric water vapor resonance peak at 22.24 GHz (1.35 cm), which made the center unusable for long range transmission. The 30/20 GHz band is used in communications satellite uplinks in either the 27.5 GHz and 31 GHz bands, and high-resolution, close-range targeting radars aboard military airplanes. Some frequencies in this radio band are used for vehicle speed detection by law enforcement. The Kepler Mission used this frequency range to downlink the scientific data collected by the space telescope.

Columbus (ISS module)

Columbus (ISS module)

Columbus is a science laboratory that is part of the International Space Station (ISS) and is the largest single contribution to the ISS made by the European Space Agency (ESA).

NASA

NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the US federal government responsible for the civil space program, aeronautics research, and space research.

Andreas Mogensen

Andreas Mogensen

Andreas Enevold Mogensen is a Danish engineer and ESA astronaut. He was the first Dane to fly in space as part of the iriss programme.

Kibō (ISS module)

Kibō (ISS module)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), nicknamed Kibō , is a Japanese science module for the International Space Station (ISS) developed by JAXA. It is the largest single ISS module, and is attached to the Harmony module. The first two pieces of the module were launched on Space Shuttle missions STS-123 and STS-124. The third and final components were launched on STS-127.

2022

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
246. Expedition 66
EVA 2
^
Russia Anton Shkaplerov
Russia Pyotr Dubrov
19 January 2022
12:17
19 January 2022
19:28
7 hours, 11 minutes
First spacewalk of 2022 to connect the Prichal Node Module to the ISS. Task included relocating the Strela crane over to Nauka so it can be used as a translation path for this spacewalk and the next one 249 or Russian Spacewalk 52, connecting telemetry and power cables, installing handrails, relocating TV cameras and docking antennas, installing docking targets, and jettisoning unneeded hardware and trash.[292][293][294]
247. Expedition 66
EVA 3
United States Kayla Barron
United States Raja Chari
15 March 2022
12:12
15 March 2022
19:06
6 hours, 54 minutes
First spacewalk to install the IROSA mounting brackets on the S4 Truss. Task included installing the struts, mounting brackets, and triangles at the 3A Array in preparation for the delivery of the IROSA solar arrays on SpaceX CRS-26 in November. The astronauts also tied back insulation on S6 so Dextre can replace the Battery Charge Discharge Modules at this location which have shown signs of decay and will be replaced at a later date. As a get ahead the astronauts photographed a worn keel pin cover which has come loose on one of the pins that were used to secure the airlock in the shuttle bay when it was launched. NASA astronaut Victor Glover was Ground IV.[295][296]
248. Expedition 66
EVA 4
United States Raja Chari
Germany Matthias Maurer
23 March 2022
12:32
23 March 2022
19:26
6 hours, 54 minutes
The astronauts installed ammonia jumpers on the P1 Truss and repositioned a radiator beam valve module which had been giving them trouble returning the unit to operation. The astronauts routed cables, installed cable clamps on the Bartolomeo platform, tied back thermal insulation on the Kibo Exposed Facility Berthing Mechanism, replaced Camera 8 on the truss which has a bad filter and light, outfitted the radiator grapple bars for a future spacewalk, and also did other maintenance task outside the station. Because of time the task to break torque on the P4 electronics boxes was moved to a later spacewalk along with the truss cable routing.[297][298][299]
249. Expedition 67
EVA 1
^
Russia Oleg Artemyev
Russia Denis Matveev
18 April 2022
13:01
18 April 2022
21:37
6 hours 37 minutes
Third spacewalk in a series to activate Nauka and Prichal and to commission ERA. During the spacewalk the cosmonauts removed covers and installed electrical cables and an electrical panel to activate ERA at the end of the spacewalk. They will also installed handrails, and a payload adapter to allow payloads to be transferred to the Russian Segment. [300][301][302]
250. Expedition 67
EVA 2
^
Russia Oleg Artemyev
Russia Denis Matveev
28 April 2022
14:58
28 April 2022
22:40
7 hours 42 minutes
Fourth spacewalk in a series to activate Nauka and Prichal and to commission ERA. During the spacewalk the cosmonauts jettisoned thermal covers, released launch locks, and walked off the arm to its stowage point at worksite 2 on the forward face of the lab where it was latched in place. Because of time they did not release the grapple at worksite 1 and the arm is bent over the solar arrays. The cosmonauts also installed handrails on Nauka and the arm and deployed a banner for Victory Day on the side of the station. ERA was checked out inside and attempts to grapple at worksite 3 were unsuccessful. The arm was backed off and parked to get the hands out of the way of docked operations and Nauka's thrusters and solar arrays. On the next spacewalk, Samantha Cristoforetti will troubleshoot the arm before it is re-grappled to worksite 3 and moved to its final location at worksite 4. During the spacewalk, a cable which was deployed during Russian EVA 51 back in January got snagged and caused issues with the KURS antennas on Prichal, which forced Soyuz MS-21 to be flown in manually. Artemyev tied down the cables with wire ties and the antenna was redeployed into a safe configuration. [303][304][305][306][307]
251. Expedition 67
EVA 3
^
Russia Oleg Artemyev
Italy Samantha Cristoforetti
21 July 2022

14:50

21 July 2022

21:55

7 hours 5 minutes
Fifth spacewalk in a series to outfit Nauka and to commission ERA. Russian cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev and Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti worked on the ERA robotic arm as part of the work scheduled to commission the Nauka module and robotic arm. They launched two Tsiolkovsky-Ryazan (No. 1-2) and eight YUZGU-55 (No. 5-12) satellites, installed an ERA grapple point on Poisk to facilitate future relocation of the experiment airlock on the next spacewalk, translated a work platform over to Nauka, reconfigured ERA and set the control panel from "grapple mode" to "stowed", replaced a camera port window on ERA that prevented grappling on the previous spacewalk, replaced MLI blankets on Nauka that were knocked loose by the thruster firings when the module arrived, and installed retainers on Strela 1 on Poisk. The final task to relocate Strela 2 on Zarya over to Poisk and install its retainer was deferred to the next EVA as the spacewalkers were running heavily behind schedule due to a later-than-planned start. Cristoforetti became the first female European astronaut to perform a spacewalk, and only the third woman to perform a spacewalk using the Russian Orlan spacesuit (after Svetlana Savitskaya and Peggy Whitson).[308] [309][310][311]
252. Expedition 67
EVA 4
^
Russia Oleg Artemyev
Russia Denis Matveev
17 August 2022
13:53
17 August 2022
17:54
4 hours 1 minute
Sixth spacewalk in a series to outfit Nauka and to prepare the Russian Segment for module transfers which will take place in the fall. The primary task to install cameras on the elbow joint was completed on time and both cameras passed their telemetry checkouts. The final tasks to relocate the ERA control panel, set the arm back to "grapple mode", and remove the launch rings from the wrist of ERA will be moved to the next spacewalk. Artemyev was in the process of removing the launch ring at worksite 2 from ERA when he suffered a voltage drop in his spacesuit batteries. Mission Control Moscow ordered him back inside the airlock where he connected to internal power to recharge his suit. Because they were ahead and then behind the timeline, in light of the battery issue Mission Control Moscow gave the order to terminate the EVA at 16:34 GMT and the spacewalk concluded at 17:54 GMT, 4 hours and 1 minute into the spacewalk.[312] Artemyev was never in any danger and they will be replacing the battery before the next spacewalk. Because of the early EVA termination, the getahead task to relocate Strela 2 over to Poisk was also moved to the next spacewalk along with the other tasks.[313][314][315][316]
253. Expedition 67
EVA 5
^
Russia Oleg Artemyev
Russia Denis Matveev
2 September 2022
13:25
2 September 2022
21:12
7 hours 47 minutes
Seventh in a series of spacewalks to outfit Nauka and to prepare ERA for operations. The spacewalkers completed the task that were moved from the previous two spacewalks. They installed the ERA control panel at a new basepoint, removed launch rings and covers from ERA, returned the arm to "grapple mode", preformed test on ERA, and installed two payload adapters on Nauka. As a getahead task they relocated Strela 2 over to Poisk and installed a retainer. Because of time and the lack of consumables the task to break torque on bolts that secure the airlock and the radiator to Rassvet was deferred to the next spacewalk. This was the longest EVA of Expedition 67 and the final one of this mission. [317][318][319]
254. Expedition 68
EVA 1
United States Josh Cassada
United States Frank Rubio
15 November 2022
14:14
15 November 2022
21:25
7 hours 11 minutes
Cassada and Rubio installed the final IROSA mounting bracket on the S6 Truss at Array 1B. As part of get-ahead tasks, they prepared the 3A mounting bracket at P4 for the delivery of 2 IROSAs on the 18th and routed cables along the truss to be mated at the end of EVA 3. Because of time the they did not install the slip collars on S6 and the cable routing was partly completed. The S6 cables will be routed on a later spacewalk when IROSA arrives. NASA astronaut Zena Cardman and JAXA astronaut Akihiko Hoshide was Ground IV Capcom. [320][321][322]
255. Expedition 68
EVA 2
^
Russia Sergey Prokopyev
Russia Dmitry Petelin
17 November 2022
14:39
17 November 2022
21:07
6 hours 25 minutes
Eighth in a series of spacewalks to outfit Nauka and to prepare ERA for operations. The spacewalkers changed a grapple fixture so the airlock can be used as a base point for the arm, broke torque on bolts that secure the airlock and radiator to Rassvet, removed launch restraints from the radiator, vented nitrogen jumpers, replaced a retainer on Strela 2 with one that has a stop, and transferred a MLM outfitting work platform called the SKKO that is, the Nauka Means of attachment of large payloads over to Nauka and installed it at the ERA base point facing aft where ERA use to be when it was launched.[323][324][325][326]

Discover more about 2022 related topics

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 66

Expedition 66

Expedition 66 was the 66th long-duration expedition to the International Space Station. The mission began after the departure of Soyuz MS-18 on 17 October 2021. It was commanded by European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Pesquet, the fourth European astronaut to command the ISS and first French astronaut to command the orbital laboratory, until 8 November 2021, when Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov, who arrived aboard Soyuz MS-19, and took over his command.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Anton Shkaplerov

Anton Shkaplerov

Anton Nikolaevich Shkaplerov is a Russian cosmonaut. He is a veteran of four spaceflights.

Pyotr Dubrov

Pyotr Dubrov

Pyotr Valerievich Dubrov is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut selected by Roscosmos in 2012.

Prichal (ISS module)

Prichal (ISS module)

Prichal nodal module also known as Uzlovoy Module or UM is a Russian spacecraft which is part of the International Space Station (ISS). It was approved in 2011 and was launched on 24 November 2021, at 13:06:35 UTC, atop Progress M-UM, with operations beginning in 2022. Originally, the nodal module was intended to serve as the only permanent element of the future Orbital Piloted Assembly and Experiment Complex (OPSEK), but those plans were scrapped in 2017.

Nauka (ISS module)

Nauka (ISS module)

Nauka, also known as the Multipurpose Laboratory Module-Upgrade or simply Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM), is a module of the International Space Station (ISS). The MLM-U is funded by Roscosmos. In the original ISS plans, Nauka was to use the location of the Docking and Storage Module (DSM). Later, the DSM was replaced by the Rassvet module and Nauka was moved from Zarya's nadir port to Zvezda's nadir port.

Kayla Barron

Kayla Barron

Kayla Jane Barron is an American submarine warfare officer, engineer and NASA astronaut. Barron was selected in June 2017 as a member of the NASA Astronaut Group 22, and later qualified as an astronaut in 2020. Barron took part in her first spaceflight, SpaceX Crew-3, as part of the crew of Expedition 66/67, which launched to the International Space Station on November 10, 2021. Before joining NASA, Barron was a submarine warfare officer and Flag Aide to the Superintendent at the Naval Academy.

Raja Chari

Raja Chari

Raja Jon Vurputoor Chari is an American test pilot and NASA astronaut. He is a graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and U.S. Naval Test Pilot School, and has over 2,000 flying hours. He is a colonel in the United States Air Force.

Roll Out Solar Array

Roll Out Solar Array

The Roll Out Solar Array (ROSA) and its larger version ISS Roll Out Solar Array (iROSA) are lightweight, flexible power sources for spacecraft designed and developed by Redwire.

SpaceX CRS-26

SpaceX CRS-26

SpaceX CRS-26, also known as SpX-26, is a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on 26 November 2022. The mission is contracted by NASA and is flown by SpaceX using a Cargo Dragon. This is the sixth flight for SpaceX under NASA's CRS Phase 2 contract awarded in January 2016.

Dextre

Dextre

Dextre, also known as the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM), is a two armed robot, or telemanipulator, which is part of the Mobile Servicing System on the International Space Station (ISS), and does repairs that would otherwise require astronauts to do spacewalks. It was launched on March 11th, 2008 on the mission STS-123.

Planned

# Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
257. Expedition 68
EVA 3
United States Josh Cassada
United States Frank Rubio
3 December 2022
12:25
3 December 2022
TBD
TBD
Assisted by Canadarm 2, the astronauts will install an IROSA at Array 3A. As part of get-ahead tasks, they will prepare the 4A mounting bracket at S4 for the next spacewalk and install cables along the truss to be mated at the end of EVA 5.[327]
258. Expedition 68
EVA 4
United States Josh Cassada
United States Frank Rubio
19 December 2022
TBD
19 December 2022
TBD
TBD
Assisted by Canadarm 2, the astronauts will install the final IROSA at Array 4A. As part of get-ahead tasks, they will mate cables and break torque on the P4 electronic boxes before both arrays are powered. [328]
256. Expedition 68
EVA 5
^
Russia Sergey Prokopyev
Russia Dmitry Petelin
TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD
Ninth in a series of spacewalks to outfit Nauka and to prepare ERA for operations. The spacewalkers will use ERA to pick up the radiator with the arm so it can be relocated at the end of the spacewalk. The spacewalkers will then close valves on the nitrogen jumpers, remove covers over the nitrogen jumpers, disconnect the radiator heater cable and cap it, remove bolts and launch restraints, and transfer the radiator over to Nauka and install it into a socket on the forward face where it will be deployed at the end of EVA 7 on December 21st. As a get ahead they will prep the airlock for transfer to Nauka on the next spacewalk and stow the ERA adapter on the airlock. If they have time they will jettison the covers if not they will stow them on Strela 1 and they will be jettisoned on EVA 6 once the ammonia has dried out.
259. Expedition 68
EVA 6
^
Russia TBD
Russia TBD
TBD

TBD

6 December 2022

TBD

TBD
Tenth in a series of spacewalks to outfit Nauka and to prepare ERA for operations. The spacewalkers will use ERA with assistance from Canadarm 2 to transfer the airlock over to Nauka where it will be installed on the forward facing port. As a getahead they will also remove covers on ERA's extension so it can be transferred over to Nauka and stowed before the next spacewalk.
260. Expedition 68
EVA 7
^
Russia TBD
Russia TBD
TBD

TBD

22 December 2022

TBD

TBD
Eleventh and final spacewalk of 2022 to outfit Nauka and to prepare ERA for operations. The spacewalkers will transfer experiment platforms over to Nauka which arrived in October and launch six cubesats. To wrap up work on Nauka the cosmonauts will deploy the radiator and install nitrogen and ammonia jumpers to cool the Russian Segment. They will then translate over to Zvezda and remove outdated hardware. They will also install an MMOD panel and sealant to cover a hole in the transfer compartment which has shown signs of leakage. They will also clean the windows and reposition the Plume Measurement Unit which was knocked out of position by the arrival of Progress MS-21.

*denotes spacewalks performed from the Pirs docking compartment in Russian Orlan suits.
^denotes spacewalks performed from the Poisk module in Russian Orlan suits.
denotes spacewalks performed from the visiting space shuttle's airlock.
denotes the one EVA and one IVA performed from the transfer compartment at the forward end of the Zvezda Service Module.
All other spacewalks were performed from the Quest airlock.
ISS Expedition spacewalks are separated from shuttle spacewalks by a separator.


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Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about one second of mean solar time at 0° longitude and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. It is effectively a successor to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Expedition 68

Expedition 68

Expedition 68 is the 68th long-duration expedition to the International Space Station. The expedition began upon the departure of Soyuz MS-21 on 29 September 2022, with ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti taking over as ISS commander. Initially, the expedition consisted of Cristoforetti and her three SpaceX Crew-4 crewmates Kjell N. Lindgren, Bob Hines and Jessica Watkins, as well as Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergey Prokopyev, Dmitry Petelin and American astronaut, Francisco Rubio, who launched aboard Soyuz MS-22 on September 21, 2022 and were transferred from Expedition 67 alongside the Crew-4 astronauts.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Josh A. Cassada

Josh A. Cassada

Josh Aaron Cassada is an American physicist, test pilot, and NASA astronaut. Prior to his selection to join NASA in 2013, Cassada served as a test pilot in the US Navy, and has over 3,500 hours in more than 40 aircraft, and 23 combat missions. In August 2018, Cassada was selected for CTS-1, the first operational mission of the Boeing CST-100 Starliner, but subsequently reassigned to SpaceX Crew-5.

Francisco Rubio (astronaut)

Francisco Rubio (astronaut)

Francisco Carlos "Frank" Rubio is a US Army lieutenant colonel and helicopter pilot, flight surgeon, and NASA astronaut.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries, more than any other country but China. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Sergey Prokopyev (cosmonaut)

Sergey Prokopyev (cosmonaut)

Sergey Valerievich Prokopyev is a Russian cosmonaut. On 6 June 2018 he launched on his first flight into space aboard Soyuz MS-09 and spent 197 days in space as a flight engineer on Expedition 56/57. He is currently in space, having launched in September 2022 aboard Soyuz MS-22.

Dmitry Petelin

Dmitry Petelin

Dmitriy Aleksandrovich Petelin is a Russian cosmonaut who was part of the 2012 selection group.

Gallery

A photograph of a long, white mechanical arm stretching out above a mostly blue planet displaying white clouds and brown terrain all under a black expanse
A photograph of a person in a white suit with a rectangular blue patch with a yellow cross on it on his left shoulder all in front of a blue-and-white background
A photograph of a man in a white suit looking at the viewer and waving with his right hand while gripping a brown bar with his left hand
A photograph of a man in a white suit attached to a silver mechanical object by way of a cord labelled "2.8" in black letters on a white tag
Stephen Robinson participates in the third spacewalk during STS-114. European Space Agency astronaut Christer Fuglesang participates in the second spacewalk of STS-116. Steven Swanson waves to Patrick G. Forrester during the third EVA of STS-117. Robert L. Behnken on the third spacewalk of STS-123.

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Stephen Robinson

Stephen Robinson

Stephen Kern Robinson is an American former NASA astronaut.

STS-114

STS-114

STS-114 was the first "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Discovery launched at 10:39 EDT, July 26, 2005. The launch, 907 days after the loss of Columbia, was approved despite unresolved fuel sensor anomalies in the external tank that had prevented the shuttle from launching on July 13, its originally scheduled date.

European Space Agency

European Space Agency

The European Space Agency is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,200 in 2018 and an annual budget of about €7.2 billion in 2022.

Christer Fuglesang

Christer Fuglesang

Arne Christer Fuglesang is a Swedish physicist and an ESA astronaut. He was first launched aboard the STS-116 Space Shuttle mission on 10 December 2006, making him the first Swedish citizen in space.

STS-116

STS-116

STS-116 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Discovery. Discovery lifted off on 9 December 2006 at 20:47:35 EST. A previous launch attempt on 7 December had been canceled due to cloud cover. It was the first night launch of a Space Shuttle since STS-113 in November 2002.

Steven Swanson

Steven Swanson

Steven Roy Swanson is an American engineer and retired NASA astronaut. Swanson has flown two shuttle flights, STS-117 and STS-119, and one Soyuz flight, TMA-12M. All of the flights were to the International Space Station. He has logged over 195 days in space and completed five spacewalks totaling 28 hours and 5 minutes. Swanson has served in other roles at NASA, such as a CAPCOM for both International Space Station and Space Shuttle missions. His awards and honors include the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal and the JSC Certificate of Accommodation. Prior to becoming a NASA astronaut, Swanson worked for GTE in Phoenix, Arizona, as a software engineer. He is married and has three children.

Patrick G. Forrester

Patrick G. Forrester

Patrick Graham Forrester is a NASA astronaut, engineer, and former Chief of the Astronaut Office. He is a retired United States Army colonel and Army aviator. He is married and has two children.

STS-117

STS-117

STS-117 was a Space Shuttle mission flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis, launched from pad 39A of the Kennedy Space Center on 8 June 2007. Atlantis lifted off from the launch pad at 19:38 EDT. Damage from a hail storm on 26 February 2007 had previously caused the launch to be postponed from an originally-planned launch date of 15 March 2007. The launch of STS-117 marked the 250th orbital human spaceflight.

STS-123

STS-123

STS-123 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. STS-123 was the 1J/A ISS assembly mission. The original launch target date was 14 February 2008 but after the delay of STS-122, the shuttle was launched on 11 March 2008. It was the twenty-fifth shuttle mission to visit the ISS, and delivered the first module of the Japanese laboratory, Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō), and the Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, (SPDM) Dextre robotics system to the station. The mission duration was 15 days and 18 hours, and it was the first mission to fully utilize the Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer System (SSPTS), allowing space station power to augment the shuttle power systems. The mission set a record for a shuttle's longest stay at the ISS.

Source: "List of International Space Station spacewalks", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 30th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_International_Space_Station_spacewalks.

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