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List of Falcon 9 first-stage boosters

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Left to right: Falcon 9 v1.0, v1.1, v1.2 "Full Thrust", Falcon 9 Block 5, Falcon Heavy, and Falcon Heavy Block 5.
Left to right: Falcon 9 v1.0, v1.1, v1.2 "Full Thrust", Falcon 9 Block 5, Falcon Heavy, and Falcon Heavy Block 5.

A Falcon 9 first-stage booster is a reusable rocket booster used on the Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy orbital launch vehicles manufactured by SpaceX. The manufacture of first-stage booster constitutes about 60% of the launch price of a single expended Falcon 9 (and three of them over 80% of the launch price of an expended Falcon Heavy), which led SpaceX to develop a program dedicated to recovery and reuse of these boosters for a significant decrease in launch costs. After multiple attempts, some as early as 2010, at controlling the reentry of the first stage after its separation from the second stage, the first successful controlled landing of a first stage occurred on 22 December 2015, on the first flight of the Full Thrust version. Since then, Falcon 9 first-stage boosters have been landed and recovered 167 times out of 178 attempts, including synchronized recoveries of the side-boosters of the Falcon Heavy test flight, Arabsat-6A, USSF-44, USSF-67 and STP-2 missions. One of the Falcon Heavy center boosters landed softly but it was severely damaged during transport.

In total 36 recovered boosters have been refurbished and subsequently flown at least a second time, the leading boosters have flown 13 to 15 missions. SpaceX intentionally limited Block 3 and Block 4 boosters to flying only two missions each,[1][2] but the company indicated in 2018 that they expected the Block 5 versions to achieve ten flights, each with only minor refurbishment. This milestone was first achieved by Booster B1051 on the Starlink-27 mission in 2021.[3]

All boosters in Block 4 and earlier have been retired, expended, or lost. The last flight of a Block 4 booster was in June 2018. Since then all boosters in the active fleet are Block 5.

Booster names are a B followed by a four-digit number. The first Falcon 9 version, v1.0, had boosters B0001 to B0007. All following boosters were numbered sequentially starting at B1001.

Discover more about List of Falcon 9 first-stage boosters related topics

Booster (rocketry)

Booster (rocketry)

A booster rocket is either the first stage of a multistage launch vehicle, or else a shorter-burning rocket used in parallel with longer-burning sustainer rockets to augment the space vehicle's takeoff thrust and payload capability. Boosters are traditionally necessary to launch spacecraft into low Earth orbit, and are especially important for a space vehicle to go beyond Earth orbit. The booster is dropped to fall back to Earth once its fuel is expended, a point known as booster engine cut-off (BECO).

Falcon 9

Falcon 9

Falcon 9 is a partially reusable medium lift launch vehicle that can carry cargo and crew into Earth orbit, produced by American aerospace company SpaceX.

Falcon Heavy

Falcon Heavy

Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift launch vehicle that is produced by SpaceX, an American aerospace manufacturer. The rocket consists of two strap-on boosters made from Falcon 9 first stages, a center core also made from a Falcon 9 first stage, and a second stage on top. Falcon Heavy has the second highest payload capacity of any currently operational launch vehicle behind NASA's Space Launch System and the fourth-highest capacity of any rocket to reach orbit, trailing the Saturn V, Energia and Space Launch System.

Launch vehicle

Launch vehicle

A launch vehicle is a typically rocket-powered vehicle designed to carry a payload from the Earth's surface to outer space. The most common form is the carrier rocket, but the term is more general and also encompasses vehicles like the Space Shuttle. Most launch vehicles operate from a launch pads, supported by a launch control center and systems such as vehicle assembly and fueling. Launch vehicles are engineered with advanced aerodynamics and technologies, which contribute to large operating costs.

SpaceX

SpaceX

Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) is an American spacecraft manufacturer, launcher, and a satellite communications corporation headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the stated goal of reducing space transportation costs to enable the colonization of Mars. The company manufactures the Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy, and Starship launch vehicles, several rocket engines, Cargo Dragon and Crew Dragon spacecraft, and Starlink communications satellites.

Falcon 9 Full Thrust

Falcon 9 Full Thrust

Falcon 9 Full Thrust is a partially reusable medium-lift launch vehicle, designed and manufactured by SpaceX. Designed in 2014–2015, Falcon 9 Full Thrust began launch operations in December 2015. As of 26 January 2023, Falcon 9 Full Thrust had performed 179 launches without any failures. Based on the Lewis point estimate of reliability, this rocket is the most reliable orbital launch vehicle currently in operation.

Falcon Heavy test flight

Falcon Heavy test flight

The Falcon Heavy test flight was the first attempt by SpaceX to launch a Falcon Heavy rocket on February 6, 2018, at 20:45 UTC. The successful test introduced the Falcon Heavy as the most powerful rocket in operation, producing five million pounds-force (22 MN) of thrust and having more than twice the lift capacity of United Launch Alliance's Delta IV Heavy.

Arabsat-6A

Arabsat-6A

Arabsat-6A is a geostationary communications satellite operated by Arabsat. The satellite was built by Lockheed Martin Space Systems on a modernized A2100 bus. The satellite was successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center LC-39A aboard Falcon Heavy on April 11, 2019.

Space Test Program

Space Test Program

The Space Test Program (STP) is the primary provider of spaceflight for the United States Department of Defense (DoD) space science and technology community. STP is managed by a group within the Advanced Systems and Development Directorate, a directorate of the Space and Missile Systems Center of the United States Space Force. STP provides spaceflight via the International Space Station (ISS), piggybacks, secondary payloads and dedicated launch services.

List of boosters

v1.0 and v1.1

These boosters were the first 2 major versions of the Falcon 9. The Falcon 9 looked very different from what it does today and it was much smaller and had much less power. On the maiden flight and second flight of V 1.0, SpaceX included basic recovery hardware (parachutes) to try and recover the booster. However, as the boosters broke up on re-entry due to aerodynamic forces both times, SpaceX gave up on parachutes and decided to pursue propulsive landings instead. First came some controlled water landings, then came the attempts on the drone ship "Just Read the Instructions 1". None of these boosters were recovered or survived landing after an orbital launch. Two test devices made several short flights each.

S/N[a] Version Launch date (UTC)[5] Flight No. Payload[b] Launch Landing Status
B0001 v1.0 test Manufactured in 2007[6] N/A
B0002 v1.0 test September 2012–October 2013
(8 test flights)[7][8][9]
N/A Suborbital 8 test landings achieved[10] Retired[9]
B0003 v1.0 4 June 2010 F9-001 Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit Success (40) [11] Failure (ocean splashdown) [12] Destroyed
B0004 v1.0 8 December 2010 F9-002 Dragon C101 (COTS Demo Flight 1) Success (40) Failure (ocean splashdown) Destroyed
B0005 v1.0 22 May 2012 F9-003 Dragon C102 (COTS Demo Flight 2) Success (40) No attempt Expended
B0006 v1.0 8 October 2012 F9-004 Dragon C103 (CRS-1) Partial success (40) [13] No attempt Expended
B0007 v1.0 1 March 2013 F9-005 Dragon C104 (CRS-2) Success (40) No attempt Expended
B1001 v1.1 test Manufactured in 2012[14] N/A
B1002 v1.1 test April–August 2014
(5 test flights)[15][16]
N/A Suborbital 4 test landings achieved[10] Destroyed[17]
B1003 v1.1 29 September 2013 F9-006 CASSIOPE Success (4E) Failure (ocean splashdown) Destroyed
B1004 v1.1 3 December 2013 F9-007 SES-8 Success (40) No attempt[18] Expended
B1005 v1.1 6 January 2014 F9-008 Thaicom 6 Success (40) No attempt[18] Expended
B1006 v1.1 18 April 2014 F9-009 Dragon C105 (CRS-3) Success (40) Controlled (ocean) Expended
B1007 v1.1 14 July 2014 F9-010 Orbcomm OG2 × 6 Success (40) Controlled (ocean) Expended
B1008 v1.1 5 August 2014 F9-011 AsiaSat 8 Success (40) No attempt[19] Expended
B1009 v1.1 test Manufactured in 2014[20] N/A Never completed[21]
B1010 v1.1 21 September 2014 F9-013 Dragon C106 (CRS-4) Success (40) Failure (ocean splashdown) Destroyed
B1011 v1.1 7 September 2014 F9-012 AsiaSat 6 / Thaicom 7 Success (40) No attempt[18] Expended
B1012 v1.1 10 January 2015 F9-014 Dragon C107 (CRS-5) Success (40) Failure Destroyed
B1013 v1.1 11 February 2015 F9-015 DSCOVR Success (40) Controlled (ocean) Expended
B1014 v1.1 2 March 2015 F9-016 ABS-3A / Eutelsat 115 West B Success (40) No attempt[18] Expended
B1015 v1.1 14 April 2015 F9-017 Dragon C108 (CRS-6) Success (40) Failure Destroyed
B1016 v1.1 27 April 2015 F9-018 TürkmenÄlem 52°E / MonacoSAT Success (40) No attempt[18] Expended
B1017 v1.1 17 January 2016 F9-021 Jason-3 Success (4E) Failure Destroyed
B1018 v1.1 28 June 2015 F9-019 Dragon C109 (CRS-7) Failure (40) Precluded Destroyed
  1. ^ Exact assignment of boosters B1004–B1009 is not well documented. Sequential numbering according to Jake Meyer's "SpaceX Data" API.[4]
  2. ^ Mission names are presented in parentheses when applicable.

Full Thrust up to Block 4

Falcon 9 Full Thrust (or sometimes called Falcon 9 version 1.2) was the first version of the Falcon 9 to successfully land. Changes included a larger fuel tank, uprated engines and supercooled propellant and oxidizer to increase performance. Five different versions of Full Thrust have been produced, Block 1 to 4 (all retired) are found in this list while the active Block 5 is listed separately. Block 4 was a test version that included new hardware like titanium grid fins later used for the next and final major version of the Falcon 9, Block 5. Flights of all Falcon 9 rockets up to Block 4 were limited to 2 flights only, with a total of 14 second flights of these variants. The boosters were either retired or expended after that second launch.

Since no data is provided, Falcon 9 boosters listed as simply "FT" (Full Thrust) denote Blocks 1 to 3, while Block 4 is listed as "FT Block 4". All boosters are Falcon 9 variants, unless otherwise noted. Boosters B1023 and B1025 were Falcon 9 boosters, which were converted to Falcon Heavy side boosters for the Falcon Heavy test flight.

S/N Version Launch date (UTC)[5] Flight No.[a] Turnaround Payload[b] Launch Landing Status
B1019 FT 22 December 2015 F9-020 Orbcomm OG2 × 11 Success (40) Success (LZ-1) [22] Retired
Permanent display outside of SpaceX headquarters (since August 2016)[23][24]
B1020 FT 4 March 2016 F9-022 SES-9 Success (40) Failure Destroyed[25]
B1021 FT 8 April 2016 F9-023 Dragon C110 (CRS-8)[26] Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Retired[27]
Displayed in Hangar E, Cape Canaveral Space Force Station[28][29]
30 March 2017 F9-032 356 days SES-10[26] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) [30][31]
B1022 FT 6 May 2016 F9-024 JCSAT-14 Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Retired
B1023 FT 27 May 2016 F9-025 Thaicom 8[32] Success (40) Success (OCISLY) [33] Retired[34]
On display at Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex[35][36]
FH side 6 February 2018 FH-001 620 days Tesla Roadster Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)
B1024 FT 15 June 2016 F9-026 ABS-2A / Eutelsat 117 West B Success (40) Failure Destroyed[37]
B1025 FT 18 July 2016 F9-027 Dragon C111 (CRS-9)[38] Success (40) Success (LZ-1) Retired[34]
FH side 6 February 2018 FH-001 568 days Tesla Roadster Success (39A) Success (LZ-2)
B1026 FT 14 August 2016 F9-028 JCSAT-16 Success (40) Success (OCISLY) [39] Retired[34]
B1027 FH test Manufactured in 2016[40][41]
B1028 FT 3 September 2016[42] [c] AMOS-6 Precluded[44] Precluded Destroyed[44]
B1029 FT 14 January 2017 F9-029 Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-1)[45] Success (4E) Success (JRTI) Retired[34]
23 June 2017 F9-036 160 days BulgariaSat-1[46] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) [47]
B1030 FT 16 March 2017 F9-031 EchoStar 23[48] Success (39A) No attempt[49] Expended
B1031 FT 19 February 2017 F9-030 Dragon C112 (CRS-10)[50] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1) [51] Retired[34]
11 October 2017 F9-043 234 days SES-11[51] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
B1032 FT 1 May 2017 F9-033 USA-276 (NROL-76)[52] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1) Expended[53]
31 January 2018 F9-048 275 days GovSat-1 / SES-16[54] Success (40) Controlled (ocean) [d]
B1033 FH core 6 February 2018 FH-001 Tesla Roadster Success (39A) Failure Destroyed[55]
B1034 FT 15 May 2017 F9-034 Inmarsat-5 F4[56] Success (39A) No attempt[49] Expended
B1035 FT 3 June 2017 F9-035 Dragon C106 (CRS-11)[57] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1) Retired[34]
On display outdoors at Space Center Houston (since March 2020)[58][59]
15 December 2017 F9-045 195 days Dragon C108 (CRS-13)[60] Success (40) Success (LZ-1) [61]
B1036 FT 25 June 2017 F9-037 Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-2)[62] Success (4E) Success (JRTI) Expended
23 December 2017 F9-046 181 days Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-4)[63] Success (4E) Controlled (ocean)
B1037 FT 5 July 2017 F9-038 Intelsat 35e[64] Success (39A) No attempt[49] Expended
B1038 FT 24 August 2017 F9-040 Formosat-5[65] Success (4E) Success (JRTI) Expended
22 February 2018 F9-049 182 days Paz Success (4E) No attempt[49]
B1039 FT Block 4 14 August 2017 F9-039 Dragon C113 (CRS-12)[66] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1) Expended
2 April 2018 F9-052 231 days Dragon C110 (CRS-14)[67] Success (40) No attempt[68]
B1040 FT Block 4 7 September 2017 F9-041 Boeing X-37B (OTV-5)[69] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1) Expended
4 June 2018 F9-056 270 days SES-12[70] Success (40) [71] No attempt[49]
B1041 FT Block 4 9 October 2017 F9-042 Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-3)[72][73] Success (4E) Success (JRTI) Expended
30 March 2018 F9-051 172 days Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-5)[74][75] Success (4E) No attempt[74]
B1042 FT Block 4 30 October 2017 F9-044 Koreasat 5A[76] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) Retired[2]
B1043 FT Block 4 8 January 2018 F9-047 Zuma[77] Success (40) [78] Success (LZ-1) Expended
22 May 2018 F9-055 134 days Iridium NEXT × 5 (NEXT-6) / GRACE-FO × 2 Success (4E) No attempt[49]
B1044 FT Block 4 6 March 2018 F9-050 Hispasat 30W-6 Success (40) No attempt[67] Expended
B1045 FT Block 4 18 April 2018 F9-053 TESS[67] Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Expended
29 June 2018 F9-057 72 days Dragon C111 (CRS-15)[2] Success (40) [79] No attempt[2]
  1. ^ Entries with colored background and ♺ symbol denote flights using refurbished boosters from previous flights.
  2. ^ Mission names are presented in parentheses when applicable.
  3. ^ Some sources list this scheduled launch in the total launch count, and list this as the 29th Falcon 9 launch.[43]
  4. ^ Terminated after landing

Block 5

There are three booster types: Falcon 9 (F9), Falcon Heavy core (FH core) boosters, and Falcon Heavy side (FH side) boosters. Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy side boosters are reconfigurable to each other. A Falcon Heavy core booster is manufactured with structural supports for the side boosters and cannot be converted to a Falcon 9 booster or Falcon Heavy side booster. The interstage mounting hardware was changed after B1056. The newer interstage design features fewer pins holding the interstage on, reducing the amount of work needed to convert a Falcon 9 booster to a Falcon Heavy side booster.[80]

Block 5 is the latest iteration of the Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy boosters. Changes include a stronger heat shield, upgraded engines, new carbon composite sections (landing legs, engine sections, raceways, RCS thrusters and interstage), retractable landing legs, titanium grid fins, and other additions that simplify refurbishment and allow for easier reusability. A Block 5 booster can fly more than ten times. On 11 September 2022, during the Starlink 4-2 mission, B1058 was the first to complete fourteen launches and landings to become the fleet leader. B1052, first launched in April 2019 alongside with B1053, is the oldest and earliest launched of the active Falcon 9 boosters, and has completed 7 launches and landings as of 5 September 2022.[81] Amongst all B5 boosters, B1058 is the booster with most spacecrafts (779) launched to orbit and alongwith the record for most spacecraft mass launched to orbit by a single booster, that is, of ~190,000 kg (420,000 lb). As of 13 November 2022, SpaceX used a total of 22 new B5 boosters, of which 11 are no longer active (five have been expended and six have been lost due to failed landings or being lost during recovery).

Falcon 9 block 5 first-stage boosters[43]
S/N[a] Type Launches Launch date (UTC)[5] Flight No.[b] Turnaround time Payload[c] Launch (pad) Landing
(location)
Status[d]
B1046 F9 4 11 May 2018 F9-054 Bangabandhu-1[82] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) Expended
7 August 2018 F9-060 88 days Telkom-4 Merah Putih[83] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
3 December 2018 F9-064 118 days SHERPA (SSO-A)[82][84] Success (4E) Success (JRTI)
19 January 2020[85] F9-079 412 days Dragon C205 (In-Flight Abort Test)[86] Success (39A) No attempt
B1047 F9 3 22 July 2018 F9-058 Telstar 19V[87] Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Expended
15 November 2018 F9-063 116 days Es'hail 2[88] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
6 August 2019[89] F9-074 263 days AMOS-17[90] Success (40) No attempt[91]
B1048 F9 5 25 July 2018 F9-059 Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-7)[87] Success (4E) Success (JRTI) Destroyed during landing failure
8 October 2018 F9-062 75 days SAOCOM 1A[92] Success (4E) Success (LZ-4)
22 February 2019 F9-068 137 days Nusantara Satu / Beresheet[93][94] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
11 November 2019 F9-075 262 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L1) Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
18 March 2020 F9-083 128 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L5)[95] Success (39A) Failure (OCISLY)
B1049 F9[e] 11 10 September 2018 F9-061 Telstar 18V / Apstar 5C[99] Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Expended
11 January 2019 F9-067 123 days Iridium NEXT × 10 (NEXT-8)[100] Success (4E) Success (JRTI)
24 May 2019 F9-071 133 days Starlink × 60 (v0.9)[101] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
7 January 2020 F9-078 228 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L2)[102] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
4 June 2020 F9-086 149 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L7)[103] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
18 August 2020 F9-091 75 days Starlink × 58 (v1.0 L10)[104] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
25 November 2020 F9-100 99 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L15)[105] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
4 March 2021 F9-109 99 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L17)[106] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
4 May 2021[107] F9-116 61 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L25) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
14 September 2021 F9-125 133 days Starlink × 51 (Group 2-1) Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
23 November 2022 F9-186 435 days Eutelsat 10B Success (40) No attempt
B1050 F9 1 5 December 2018 F9-065 Dragon C112 (CRS-16)[82] Success (40) Failure (LZ-1) Scrapped[f]
B1051 F9 14 2 March 2019[108] F9-069 Dragon C204 (Demo-1) NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svg Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) Expended
12 June 2019 F9-072 102 days RCM × 3[109] Success (4E) Success (LZ-4)
29 January 2020 F9-080 231 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L3) Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
22 April 2020 F9-084 84 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L6)[110] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
7 August 2020 F9-090 107 days Starlink × 57 (v1.0 L9) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
18 October 2020 F9-095 72 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L13) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
13 December 2020 F9-102 56 days SXM 7[111] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
20 January 2021 F9-105 38 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L16)[112] Success (39A) Success (JRTI)
14 March 2021 F9-111 53 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L21)[113] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
9 May 2021[114] F9-117 56 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L27) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
18 December 2021[115][116] F9-132 228 days Starlink × 52 (Group 4-4)[117] Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
19 March 2022[115] F9-145 91 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-12) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
17 July 2022 F9-165 120 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-22) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
12 November 2022 F9-185 118 days Galaxy 31 & 32[118] Success (40) No attempt
B1052 FH side 7 11 April 2019 FH-002 Arabsat-6A[109] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)[119] Awaiting Assignment, Conversion, or Launch
25 June 2019 FH-003 75 days COSMIC-2 (STP-2)[109] Success (39A) Success (LZ-2)[119]
F9[g] 31 January 2022 F9-138 951 days CSG-2[123] Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
9 March 2022 F9-144 37 days Starlink × 48 (Group 4-10)[124] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
18 May 2022 F9-155 70 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-18)[125] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
4 August 2022 F9-168 78 days Danuri (KPLO)[126] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
5 September 2022 F9-174 32 days Starlink x 51 (Group 4-20)[81] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
Planned Unknown number of Falcon 9 launches before conversion Planned (Unknown) Planned (Unknown)
FH side 24 March 2023[127] FH-xxx 200 days ViaSat-3 Americas[127] Planned (39A) Planned (Unknown)
B1053 FH side 2 11 April 2019 FH-002 Arabsat-6A[109] Success (39A) Success (LZ-2)[119] Awaiting Launch
25 June 2019 FH-003 75 days COSMIC-2 (STP-2)[109] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)[119]
Planned 24 March 2023[127] FH-xxx 1368 days ViaSat-3 Americas[128][127] Planned (39A) Planned (Unknown)
B1054 F9 1 23 December 2018 F9-066 GPS III SV01 Vespucci[129] Success (40) No attempt[130] Expended
B1055 FH core 1 11 April 2019 FH-002 Arabsat-6A Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) Destroyed during recovery[h]
B1056 F9 4 4 May 2019 F9-070 Dragon C113 (CRS-17) Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Lost at sea
25 July 2019 F9-073 82 days Dragon C108 (CRS-18)[132] Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
17 December 2019 F9-077 146 days JCSAT-18[133] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
17 February 2020 F9-081 62 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L4)[134] Success (40) Failure (OCISLY)
B1057 FH core 1 25 June 2019 FH-003 COSMIC-2 (STP-2)[133] Success (39A) Failure (OCISLY) Destroyed during landing failure
B1058
NASA Worm logo.svg
F9 15 30 May 2020[135] F9-085 Dragon C206 Endeavour (Demo-2)[136] NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgCrew Dragon Demo-2 Patch.png Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) Awaiting Assignment
20 July 2020 F9-089 51 days ANASIS-II Success (40) Success (JRTI)
6 October 2020[137] F9-094 78 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L12) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
6 December 2020[138] F9-101 60 days Dragon C208 (CRS-21) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
24 January 2021 F9-106 49 days Transporter-1[139] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
11 March 2021 F9-110 46 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L20)[140] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
7 April 2021 F9-113 27 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L23) Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
15 May 2021 F9-118 38 days Starlink × 52 (v1.0 L26) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
13 November 2021[141] F9-128 182 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-1)[142][143] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
13 January 2022 F9-136 61 days Transporter-3[144] Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
21 February 2022 F9-141 39 days Starlink x 46 (Group 4-8) Success (40) Success (ASOG)
6 May 2022 F9-152 73 days Starlink x 53 (Group 4-17) Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
7 July 2022 F9-162 62 days Starlink x 53 (Group 4-21)[145] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
11 September 2022 F9-175 66 days Starlink x 34 (Group 4-2) + BlueWalker 3[146] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
17 December 2022 F9-192 97 days Starlink x 54 (Group 4-37)[147] Success (39A) Success (JRTI)
B1059 F9 6 5 December 2019 F9-076 Dragon C106 (CRS-19) Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Destroyed during landing failure[i]
7 March 2020[148] F9-082 93 days Dragon C112 (CRS-20) Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
13 June 2020 F9-087 98 days Starlink × 58 (v1.0 L8) Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
30 August 2020 F9-092 78 days SAOCOM 1B[104] Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
19 December 2020 F9-103 111 days NROL-108[149] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)
16 February 2021 F9-108 59 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L19)[150] Success (40) Failure (OCISLY)[151]
B1060 F9 15 30 June 2020[152] F9-088 GPS III SV03 Matthew Henson Success (40) Success (JRTI) Refurbishing
3 September 2020 F9-093 65 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L11)[153] Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
24 October 2020 F9-096 51 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L14) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
8 January 2021 F9-104 76 days Türksat 5A[154] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
4 February 2021 F9-107 27 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L18)[155] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
24 March 2021 F9-112 48 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L22)[156] Success (40) Success (OCISLY)
29 April 2021 F9-115 36 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L24)[157] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
30 June 2021 F9-123 62 days Transporter-2[158] Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
2 December 2021 F9-130 155 days Starlink × 48 (Group 4-3) Success (40) Success (ASOG)
19 January 2022 F9-137 48 days Starlink × 49 (Group 4-6) Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
3 March 2022 F9-143 43 days Starlink × 47 (Group 4-9) Success (39A) Success (JRTI)
21 April 2022 F9-149 49 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-14) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
17 June 2022 F9-158 57 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-19)[159] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
8 October 2022 F9-180 113 days Galaxy 33 & 34[160] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
3 January 2023 F9-195 87 days Transporter-6 Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
B1061 F9 11 15 November 2020[138] F9-098 Dragon C207 Resilience (Crew-1) NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgSpaceX Crew-1 logo.svg Success (39A) Success (JRTI) Refurbishing
23 April 2021 F9-114 159 days Dragon C206 Endeavour (Crew-2) NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgSpaceX Crew-2 logo.png Success (39A) Success (OCISLY)
6 June 2021 F9-121 44 days SXM-8[161] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
29 August 2021 F9-124 84 days Dragon C208 (CRS-23) Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
9 December 2021 F9-131 102 days IXPE Success (39A) Success (JRTI)
3 February 2022 F9-140 56 days Starlink × 49 (Group 4-7)[162] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
1 April 2022 F9-146 57 days Transporter-4 Success (40) Success (JRTI)
25 May 2022 F9-156 54 days Transporter-5[163] Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
19 June 2022 F9-160 25 days Globalstar FM15[164] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
12 August 2022 F9-170 54 days Starlink × 46 (Group 3-3)[165] Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
30 December 2022 F9-194 140 days EROS-C3[166] Success (4E) Success (LZ-4)
B1062 F9 11 5 November 2020[138] F9-097 GPS III SV04 Sacagawea Success (40) Success (OCISLY) Awaiting Launch
17 June 2021[167] F9-122 224 days GPS III SV05 Neil Armstrong Success (40) Success (JRTI)
16 September 2021[168] F9-126 91 days Dragon C207 Resilience (Inspiration4) Success (39A) Success (JRTI)
6 January 2022 F9-135 112 days Starlink × 49 (Group 4-5)[169] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
8 April 2022 F9-147 92 days Dragon C206 Endeavour (Axiom-1) Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
29 April 2022 F9-151 21 days Starlink x 53 (Group 4-16) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
8 June 2022 F9-157 40 days Nilesat-301[170] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
24 July 2022 F9-167 46 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-25) Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
19 August 2022 F9-171 26 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-27)[171] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
20 October 2022 F9-182 62 days Starlink × 54 (Group 4-36)[172] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
28 December 2022 F9-193 69 days Starlink × 54 (Group 5-1)[173] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
Planned February 2022 F9-xxx 48 days Starlink × 54? (Group 5-4)[174] Planned (CC) Planned (Unknown)
B1063 F9 8 21 November 2020 F9-099 Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich Success (4E) Success (LZ-4) Awaiting Launch
26 May 2021[175] F9-119 186 days Starlink × 60 (v1.0 L28) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
24 November 2021[176] F9-129 182 days DART Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
25 February 2022 F9-142 93 days Starlink × 50 (Group 4-11) Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
14 May 2022 F9-153 78 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-13)[177] Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
11 July 2022 F9-163 58 days Starlink × 46 (Group 3-1) Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
31 August 2022 F9-173 51 days Starlink × 46 (Group 3-4)[178] Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
28 October 2022 F9-183 58 days Starlink × 53 (Group 4-31)[179] Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
Planned 28 February 2023 F9-xxx 123 days Starlink × ~51 (Group 2-5) Planned (4E) Planned (OCISLY)
B1064 FH side 2 1 November 2022 FH-004 USSF-44 Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)[180] Refurbishing
15 January 2023[181] FH-005 75 days USSF-67[182] Success (39A) Success (LZ-2)[183]
Planned June 2023 FH-xxx 151 days USSF-52[184] Planned (39A) Planned (Unknown)
B1065 FH side 2 1 November 2022 FH-004 USSF-44 Success (39A) Success (LZ-2)[180] Refurbishing
15 January 2023[181] FH-005 75 days USSF-67[182] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)[183]
Planned June 2023 FH-xxx 151 days USSF-52[184] Planned (39A) Planned (Unknown)
B1066 FH core 1 1 November 2022 FH-004 USSF-44 Success (39A) No attempt Expended
B1067 F9 9 3 June 2021[185] F9-120 Dragon C209 (CRS-22) Success (39A) Success (OCISLY) Landed on JRTI
11 November 2021 F9-127 161 days Dragon C210 Endurance (Crew-3)[186] NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgSpaceX Crew-3 logo.svg Success (39A) Success (ASOG)[187]
19 December 2021 F9-133 38 days Türksat 5B Success (40) Success (ASOG)
27 April 2022 F9-150 129 days Dragon C212 Freedom (Crew-4)[188]NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgSpaceX Crew 4 logo.png Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
14 July 2022 F9-164 78 days Dragon C208 (CRS-25)[189] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
19 September 2022 F9-176 67 days Starlink × 54 (Group 4-34)[190] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
3 November 2022 F9-184 45 days Hotbird 13G[191] Success (40) Success (JRTI)
16 December 2022 F9-191 43 days O3b mPOWER 1 & 2[192] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
26 January 2023 F9-199 41 days Starlink × 56 (Group 5-2) Success (40) Success (JRTI)
B1068 FH core[128] Planned 24 March 2023[127] FH-xxx ViaSat-3 Americas[127] Planned (39A) No attempt Awaiting Launch
B1069 F9 4 21 December 2021 F9-134 Dragon C209 (CRS-24) Success (39A) Success (JRTI) Awaiting Launch
28 August 2022 F9-172 250 days Starlink × 54 (Group 4-23) [193] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
15 October 2022 F9-181 48 days Hotbird 13F[194] and 2
Adidas Al Rihla[j]
Success (40) Success (JRTI)
8 December 2022 F9-188 54 days OneWeb #15[195] Success (39A) Success (LZ-1)
Planned 1 February 2023 F9-xxx 55 days Starlink × 51? (Group 5-3)[196] Planned (39A) Planned (ASOG)
B1070 FH core 1 15 January 2023[197] FH-005 USSF-67 Success (39A) No attempt Expended
B1071 F9 6 2 February 2022 F9-139 NROL-87 Success (4E) Success (LZ-4) Awaiting Launch
17 April 2022 F9-148 74 days NROL-85 Success (4E) Success (LZ-4)
18 June 2022 F9-159 62 days SARah-1 Success (4E) Success (LZ-4)
22 July 2022 F9-166 34 days Starlink × 46 (Group 3-2) Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
5 October 2022 F9-179 75 days Starlink × 52 (Group 4-29)[198] Success (4E) Success (OCISLY)
16 December 2022 F9-190 72 days SWOT[199] Success (4E) Success (LZ-4)
Planned 29 January 2023 F9-xxx 44 days Starlink × 49 (Group 2-6)+ION SCV009 [200] Planned (4E) Planned (OCISLY)
B1072 FH side[128] Planned 10 October 2023 FH-xxx Psyche[201] Planned (39A) Planned (LZ-1) Awaiting Launch
B1073 F9 5 14 May 2022[202] F9-154 Starlink × 53 (Group 4-15)[202] Success (40) Success (JRTI) Awaiting Launch
29 June 2022 F9-161 46 days SES-22[203] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
10 August 2022 F9-169 42 days Starlink × 52 (Group 4-26)[204] Success (39A) Success (ASOG)
24 September 2022 F9-177 45 days Starlink × 52 (Group 4-35)[205] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
11 December 2022 F9-189 78 days HAKUTO-R Mission 1[206] Success (40) Success (LZ-2)
Planned 5 February 2023 F9-xxx 56 days Amazonas Nexus Planned (40) Planned (JRTI)
Unknown number of Falcon 9 launches before conversion Planned (Unknown) Planned (Unknown)
FH side H1 2023 FH-xxx TBD Jupiter-3 (EchoStar-24) Planned (39A) Planned (Unknown)
B1074 FH core Planned 10 October 2023 FH-xxx Psyche[201] Planned (39A) No attempt Awaiting Launch
B1075 F9 1 19 January 2023 F9-198 Starlink × 51 (Group 2-4) Success (4E) Success (OCISLY) Refurbishing
Planned Unknown number of Falcon 9 launches before conversion Planned (Unknown) Planned (Unknown)
FH side[128] 10 October 2023 FH-xxx TBD Psyche[201] Planned (39A) Planned (LZ-2)
B1076 F9 2 26 November 2022 F9-187 Dragon C211 (CRS-26) Success (39A) Success (JRTI) Awaiting Launch
10 January 2023 F9-196 45 days OneWeb Flight #16 Success (40) Success (LZ-1)
Planned February 2022 F9-xxx 49 days Starlink × 54? (Group 6-1)[207] Planned (CC) Planned (Unknown)
Not yet planned Unknown number of Falcon 9 launches before conversion[208] Unknown Planned (Unknown)
FH side Planned H1 2023 FH-xxx TBD Jupiter-3 (EchoStar-24) Planned (39A) Planned (Unknown)
B1077 F9 2 5 October 2022 F9-178 Dragon C210 Endurance (Crew-5) NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgSpaceX Crew-5 logo.png Success (39A) Success (JRTI) Refurbishing
18 January 2023 F9-197 105 days GPS III SV06 Amelia Earhart[209] Success (40) Success (ASOG)
Planned Mid/Late February 2022 F9-xxx 33 days Inmarsat 6-F2[210] Planned (CC) Planned (Unknown)
B1078 F9 Planned 26 February 2023 F9-xxx Dragon C206 Endeavour (Crew-6)NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svgSpaceX Crew-6 logo.png Planned (39A) Planned (ASDS) Awaiting Launch
B1079 FH core Planned June 2023[211] FH-xxx USSF-52 Planned (39A) No attempt Awaiting Testing
  1. ^ Boosters that are still likely to be re-used (active fleet) or have yet to be used are highlighted in bold.
  2. ^ Entries with colored background and ♺ symbol denote flights using refurbished boosters from previous flights.
  3. ^ Mission names are presented in parentheses when applicable.
  4. ^ Entries with colored background are presumed available as active fleet: those which have not been expended, destroyed or officially retired.
  5. ^ B1049 flew on an older Block 4 interstage on its last flight (probably a spare interstage), since it donated it's interstage to B1052 after its penultimate flight.[96][97][98]
  6. ^ B1050 performed a controlled ocean landing near the coast, and was then recovered from the water and scrapped for parts.
  7. ^ B1052 is using the interstage from B1049 donated after that booster's penultimate flight.[120][121][122]
  8. ^ Falcon Heavy core B1055 landed safely, but later fell over on the drone ship platform during transit back to Cape Canaveral in rough seas. At the time, the engines were described as perhaps recoverable, the status of the other components of the booster was not stated.[131]
  9. ^ Falcon 9 B1059 had a hole in one of its "boots" (protective thermal blankets) which lead to one of the engines catching fire and shutting down during re-entry and the booster impacted the ocean.
  10. ^ Soccer balls were carried on a suborbital mission inside B1069

NASA Worm logo.svg means the booster has this logo on it. The logo is not being used in this table to signify that the booster is owned by NASA nor does it signify the booster is exclusively or partly used by NASA.
NASA Commercial Crew Program logo (cropped).svg indicates crewed launch under Commercial Crew Program (CCP). Adjacent logos are mission patches.

Discover more about List of boosters related topics

List of Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launches

List of Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launches

Since June 2010, rockets from the Falcon 9 family have been launched 204 times, with 202 full mission successes, one partial failure and one total loss of the spacecraft. In addition, one rocket and its payload were destroyed on the launch pad during the fueling process before a static fire test was set to occur.

Falcon 9 v1.0

Falcon 9 v1.0

The Falcon 9 v1.0 was the first member of the Falcon 9 launch vehicle family, designed and manufactured by SpaceX in Hawthorne, California. Development of the medium-lift launcher began in 2005, and it first flew on June 4, 2010. The Falcon 9 v1.0 then launched four Dragon cargo spacecraft: one on an orbital test flight, then one demonstration and two operational resupply missions to the International Space Station under a Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA.

Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit

Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit

The Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit was a boilerplate version of the Dragon spacecraft manufactured by SpaceX. After using it for ground tests to rate Dragon's shape and mass in various tests, SpaceX launched it into low Earth orbit on the maiden flight of the Falcon 9 rocket, on June 4, 2010. SpaceX used the launch to evaluate the aerodynamic conditions on the spacecraft and performance of the carrier rocket in a real-world launch scenario, ahead of Dragon flights for NASA under the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services program. The spacecraft orbited the Earth over 300 times before decaying from orbit and reentering the atmosphere on 27 June.

SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 1

SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 1

SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 1 was the first orbital spaceflight of the Dragon cargo spacecraft, and the second overall flight of the Falcon 9 rocket manufactured by SpaceX. It was also the first demonstration flight for NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program. The primary mission objectives were to test the orbital maneuvering and reentry of the Dragon capsule. The mission also aimed to test fixes to the Falcon 9 rocket, particularly the unplanned roll of the first stage that occurred during flight 1. Liftoff occurred on 8 December 2010 at 15:43 UTC.

SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 2

SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 2

SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 2, also known as Dragon C2+, was the second test-flight for SpaceX's uncrewed Cargo Dragon spacecraft. It launched in May 2012 on the third flight of the company's two-stage Falcon 9 launch vehicle. The flight was performed under a funded agreement from NASA as the second Dragon demonstration mission in the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program. The purpose of the COTS program is to develop and demonstrate commercial sources for cargo re-supply of the International Space Station (ISS). The Dragon C2+ spacecraft was the first American vehicle to visit the ISS since the end of the Space Shuttle program. It was also the first commercial spacecraft to rendezvous and berth with another spacecraft.

SpaceX CRS-1

SpaceX CRS-1

SpaceX CRS-1, also known as SpX-1, was SpaceX's first operational cargo mission to the International Space Station, under their Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-1) contract with NASA. It was the third flight for the uncrewed Dragon cargo spacecraft, and the fourth overall flight for the company's two-stage Falcon 9 launch vehicle. The launch occurred on 8 October 2012 at 00:34:07 UTC.

SpaceX CRS-2

SpaceX CRS-2

SpaceX CRS-2, also known as SpX-2, was the fourth flight for SpaceX's uncrewed Dragon cargo spacecraft, the fifth and final flight for the company's two-stage Falcon 9 v1.0 launch vehicle, and the second SpaceX operational mission contracted to NASA under a Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-1) contract.

Statistics

Rockets from the Falcon 9 family have been launched 204 times over 13 years, resulting in 202 full mission successes (99%), one partial success (SpaceX CRS-1 delivered its cargo to the International Space Station (ISS), but a secondary payload was stranded in a lower-than-planned orbit), and one full failure (the SpaceX CRS-7 spacecraft was lost in flight in an explosion). Additionally, one rocket and its payload AMOS-6 were destroyed before launch in preparation for an on-pad static fire test. The currently active version, Falcon 9 Block 5, has flown 143 missions, all full successes.

On 20 October 2022, Falcon 9 set a new record of 48 launches (all successful) by the same launch vehicle type in a calendar year. The previous record was held by Soyuz-U, which had 47 launches (45 successful) in 1979.[212]

The first rocket version Falcon 9 v1.0 was launched five times from June 2010 to March 2013, its successor Falcon 9 v1.1 15 times from September 2013 to January 2016, and the Falcon 9 Full Thrust 179 times from December 2015 to present. The latest Full Thrust variant, Block 5, was introduced in May 2018.[213] While the Block 4 boosters were only flown twice and required several months of refurbishment, Block 5 versions are designed to sustain 10 flights with just some inspections.[3]

The Falcon Heavy derivative consists of a strengthened Falcon 9 first stage as its center core, with two additional Falcon 9 first stages attached and used as boosters, both of which are fitted with an aerodynamic nosecone instead of a usual Falcon 9 interstage.[214]

Falcon 9 first-stage boosters landed successfully in 167 of 178 attempts (93.8%), with 139 out of 144 (96.5%) for the Falcon 9 Block 5 version. A total of 143 re-flights of first stage boosters have all successfully launched their payloads.

Booster turnaround time

This chart displays the turnaround time, in months, between two flights of each booster. As of April 2022 the shortest turnaround time was 21 days, for the sixth flight of B1062. Boosters that are still likely to be re-used (active fleet) are highlighted in bold and with an asterisk.

10
20
30
40
50
60
25
31
32
35
36
38
39
40
41
43
45
52*
53*
58*
59
60*
61*
62*
63*
64*
65*
67*
69*
71*
73*
76*
77*
  •   Falcon 9 FT v1.2
  •   FT–Heavy sides[a]
  •   Block 4
  •   Falcon Heavy side
  •   Block 5 flight 2
  •   Block 5 flight 3
  •   Block 5 flight 4
  •   Block 5 flight 5
  •   Block 5 flight 6
  •   Block 5 flight 7
  •   Block 5 flight 8
  •   Block 5 flight 9
  •   Block 5 flight 10
  •   Block 5 flight 11
  •   Block 5 flight 12
  •   Block 5 flight 13
  •   Block 5 flight 14
  •   Block 5 flight 15
  •   Planned launch
  1. ^ Full Thrust Boosters B1023 and B1025 were converted to side boosters for the Falcon Heavy test flight of February 2018. This configuration will never fly again, as future Falcon Heavy missions have used a modified variant of Block 5 modules as side boosters.

Full Thrust booster flight counts

This chart lists how often boosters were flown. It is limited to the Full Thrust versions as previous versions were never recovered intact. The entries for Block 5 include active boosters that can make additional flights in the future. Blocks 1–3 made 27 flights with 18 boosters (1.5 flights per booster), Block 4 made 12 flights with 7 boosters (1.7 flights per booster). As of 26 January 2023, Block 5 made 143 flights with 22 boosters (6.5 flights per booster) with Falcon 9.

5
10
15
20
1
2
3
4
5 flights
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Block 5 booster flight status

This chart shows the current status of Block 5 boosters that have flown; how often they have flown and whether they are still active, expended (i.e. no attempt was made to recover) or destroyed (i.e. recovery of the booster failed).

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4
5 flights
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
  •   Falcon 9 active
  •   Falcon Heavy Side active
  •   Converted Falcon 9/Falcon Heavy Side active
  •   Expended
  •   Destroyed

Falcon 9 FT booster timeline

This timeline displays all launches of Falcon 9 boosters starting with the first launch of Full Thrust. Active boosters that are expected to make additional flights in the future are marked with an asterisk. Single flights are marked with vertical lines. For boosters having performed several launches bars indicate the turnaround time for each flight.

Discover more about Statistics related topics

List of Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launches

List of Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launches

Since June 2010, rockets from the Falcon 9 family have been launched 204 times, with 202 full mission successes, one partial failure and one total loss of the spacecraft. In addition, one rocket and its payload were destroyed on the launch pad during the fueling process before a static fire test was set to occur.

SpaceX CRS-1

SpaceX CRS-1

SpaceX CRS-1, also known as SpX-1, was SpaceX's first operational cargo mission to the International Space Station, under their Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-1) contract with NASA. It was the third flight for the uncrewed Dragon cargo spacecraft, and the fourth overall flight for the company's two-stage Falcon 9 launch vehicle. The launch occurred on 8 October 2012 at 00:34:07 UTC.

International Space Station

International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is the largest modular space station in low Earth orbit. The project involves five space agencies: NASA, Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The ownership and use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements. The station serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which scientific research is conducted in astrobiology, astronomy, meteorology, physics, and other fields. The ISS is suited for testing the spacecraft systems and equipment required for possible future long-duration missions to the Moon and Mars.

Secondary payload

Secondary payload

Secondary payload, also known as rideshare payload, is a smaller-sized payload transported to orbit on a launch vehicle that is mostly paid for—and with the date and time of launch and the orbital trajectory determined—by the entity that contracts and pays for the primary launch. As a result, the secondary payload typically obtains a substantially reduced price for transportation services to orbit, by accepting a trade off of the loss of control once the contract is signed and the payload is delivered to the launch vehicle supplier for integration to the launch vehicle. These tradeoffs typically include having little or no control over the launch date/time, the final orbital parameters, or the ability to halt the launch and remove the payload should a payload failure occur during ground processing prior to launch, as the primary payload typically purchases all of these launch property rights via contract with the launch services provider.

SpaceX CRS-7

SpaceX CRS-7

SpaceX CRS-7, also known as SpX-7, was a private American Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station, contracted to NASA, which launched and failed on June 28, 2015. It disintegrated 139 seconds into the flight after launch from Cape Canaveral, just before the first stage was to separate from the second stage. It was the ninth flight for SpaceX's uncrewed Dragon cargo spacecraft and the seventh SpaceX operational mission contracted to NASA under a Commercial Resupply Services contract. The vehicle launched on a Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle. It was the nineteenth overall flight for the Falcon 9 and the fourteenth flight for the substantially upgraded Falcon 9 v1.1.

Falcon 9 Block 5

Falcon 9 Block 5

Falcon 9 Block 5 is a partially reusable two-stage-to-orbit medium-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured in the United States by SpaceX. It is the fifth version of Falcon 9 Full Thrust, powered by SpaceX Merlin engines burning rocket-grade kerosene (RP-1) and liquid oxygen (LOX).

Soyuz-U

Soyuz-U

The Soyuz-U launch vehicle was an improved version of the original Soyuz rocket. Soyuz-U was part of the R-7 family of rockets based on the R-7 Semyorka missile. Members of this rocket family were designed by the TsSKB design bureau and constructed at the Progress factory in Samara, Russia. The first Soyuz-U flight took place on 18 May 1973, carrying as its payload Kosmos 559, a Zenit military surveillance satellite. The final flight of a Soyuz-U rocket took place on 22 February 2017, carrying Progress MS-05 to the International Space Station.

Falcon 9 v1.0

Falcon 9 v1.0

The Falcon 9 v1.0 was the first member of the Falcon 9 launch vehicle family, designed and manufactured by SpaceX in Hawthorne, California. Development of the medium-lift launcher began in 2005, and it first flew on June 4, 2010. The Falcon 9 v1.0 then launched four Dragon cargo spacecraft: one on an orbital test flight, then one demonstration and two operational resupply missions to the International Space Station under a Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA.

Falcon 9 v1.1

Falcon 9 v1.1

Falcon 9 v1.1 was the second version of SpaceX's Falcon 9 orbital launch vehicle. The rocket was developed in 2011–2013, made its maiden launch in September 2013, and its final flight in January 2016. The Falcon 9 rocket was fully designed, manufactured, and operated by SpaceX. Following the second Commercial Resupply Services (CRS) launch, the initial version Falcon 9 v1.0 was retired from use and replaced by the v1.1 version.

Falcon 9 Full Thrust

Falcon 9 Full Thrust

Falcon 9 Full Thrust is a partially reusable medium-lift launch vehicle, designed and manufactured by SpaceX. Designed in 2014–2015, Falcon 9 Full Thrust began launch operations in December 2015. As of 26 January 2023, Falcon 9 Full Thrust had performed 179 launches without any failures. Based on the Lewis point estimate of reliability, this rocket is the most reliable orbital launch vehicle currently in operation.

Falcon Heavy

Falcon Heavy

Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift launch vehicle that is produced by SpaceX, an American aerospace manufacturer. The rocket consists of two strap-on boosters made from Falcon 9 first stages, a center core also made from a Falcon 9 first stage, and a second stage on top. Falcon Heavy has the second highest payload capacity of any currently operational launch vehicle behind NASA's Space Launch System and the fourth-highest capacity of any rocket to reach orbit, trailing the Saturn V, Energia and Space Launch System.

Notable boosters

Booster 0002 Grasshopper

Grasshopper performing a 325-meter flight
Grasshopper performing a 325-meter flight

Grasshopper consisted of "a Falcon 9 first-stage tank, a single Merlin-1D engine" with a height of 32 m (105 ft).[215]

Grasshopper began flight testing in September 2012 with a brief, three-second hop, followed by a second hop in November 2012 with an 8-second flight that took the testbed approximately 5.4 m (18 ft) off the ground, and a third flight in December 2012 of 29 seconds duration, with extended hover under rocket engine power, in which it ascended to an altitude of 40 m (130 ft) before descending under rocket power to come to a successful vertical landing.[216] Grasshopper made its eighth, and final, test flight on 7 October 2013, flying to an altitude of 744 m (2,441 ft) before making its eighth successful vertical landing.[217] Grasshopper is retired.[9]

Booster B1019

Falcon 9 B1019 immediately before landing on Landing Zone 1
Falcon 9 B1019 immediately before landing on Landing Zone 1

Falcon 9 B1019 was the first Full Thrust booster, and was first launched on 22 December 2015 for Falcon 9 flight 20 and landed on the Landing Zone 1 (LZ-1). It became the first orbital-class rocket booster to perform a successful return to launch site and vertical landing.[218][219][220]

SpaceX decided not to fly the B1019 again.[221] Rather, the rocket was moved a few miles north, refurbished by SpaceX at the adjacent Kennedy Space Center, to conduct a static fire test. This test aimed to assess the health of the recovered booster and the capability of this rocket design to fly repeatedly in the future.[222][218] The historic booster was eventually displayed outside SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California.

Booster 1021

Falcon 9 B1021 aboard the Of Course I Still Love You drone ship after landing from the SpaceX CRS-8 mission.
Falcon 9 B1021 aboard the Of Course I Still Love You drone ship after landing from the SpaceX CRS-8 mission.

Falcon 9 B1021 was the first booster to be re-flown and the first to land on a droneship. It was first launched on 8 April 2016 carrying a Dragon spacecraft and Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) on the SpaceX CRS-8 mission and landed on an autonomous spaceport drone ship (ASDS). After recovery, inspections and refurbishing, it was launched again on 30 March 2017 for the SES-10 mission and recovered successfully a second time. This event marks a milestone in SpaceX's drive to develop reusable rockets and reduce launch costs.[26][223][224][225][226] Following the second flight, SpaceX stated that they plan to retire this booster and donate it to Cape Canaveral for public display.[227][228]

Booster 1046

Falcon 9 B1046 standing on Just Read The Instructions after successfully launching and landing three times.
Falcon 9 B1046 standing on Just Read The Instructions after successfully launching and landing three times.

B1046 was the first Block 5 Falcon 9, the final version of the SpaceX first stage. It was first launched on 11 May 2018, carrying Bangabandhu-1, Bangladesh's first geostationary communications satellite. This marked the 54th flight of the Falcon 9 and the first flight of the Falcon 9 Block 5.[229] After completing a successful ascent, B1046 landed on the drone ship Of Course I Still Love You. After inspection and refurbishment, B1046 was launched a second time on 7 August 2018, carrying the Telkom-4 (Merah Putih) satellite. The Telkom-4 mission marked the first time an orbital-class rocket booster launched two GTO missions. This was also the first re-flight of a Block 5 booster.[230] Four months after the Telkom-4 mission, B1046 arrived at Vandenberg Air Force Base to support the SSO-A mission. Following delays for additional satellite checks,[231] liftoff occurred from SLC-4E on 3 December 2018. This marked the first time that the same orbital-class booster flew three times.[232] Its fourth and last mission launched a Crew Dragon capsule up to the point of maximum dynamic pressure, where it separated to test its abort system in flight, before being compromised by aerodynamic forces, as expected.

Booster 1048

B1048 was the third Falcon 9 Block 5 to fly and the second Block 5 booster to re-fly, and the first booster ever to be launched four, then five times. During the last launch, an engine shut down seconds before the planned shutdown, becoming only the second time a Merlin engine failed since the failure during the SpaceX CRS-1 in October 2012. The primary mission was unaffected and the Starlink payload deployed successfully,[233] further confirming the reliability of the rocket due to redundancy of the engines. With reduced thrust, B1048 was unable to sufficiently slow down its descent, and thus was unable to land.[234]

Booster 1049

B1049 was the oldest Falcon 9 booster on active duty until its last flight on Nov 22, 2022, after which this title went to B1052. It was the first to successfully launch and land six, then seven times, and the second to launch and land eight, nine, and then ten times respectively. It launched two commercial payloads, Telstar 18V and the eighth Iridium NEXT batch, and eight internal Starlink batches.[235] B1049 has been seen with its landing legs and grid fins removed indicating that it will be expended on its next flight. The final flight of B1049 was originally thought to be O3b mPower 4-6 but a regrouping of the launches meant that an expendable booster was no longer required. It was then originally planned that B1049's last flight would be the launch of Nilesat-301 however, plans changed and the mission was flown with a recoverable booster (B1062.7). B1049 flew the Eutelsat-10B communications satellite on November 22, 2022. This mission was its last flight.

Booster 1050

B1050 launched for the first time on 5 December 2018.[236][237] A grid fin malfunction occurred shortly after the entry burn, resulting in the booster performing a controlled landing in the ocean instead of the planned ground pad landing.[238]

No future flights for B1050 were planned, and it was scrapped due to its damage.[239]

Booster 1051

B1051 was the sixth Falcon 9 Block 5 booster built. It first flew on 2 March 2019, on the DM-1 mission. It then flew its second mission out of Vandenberg AFB launching the Radarsat constellation. It then flew 4 Starlink missions and launched SXM-7, totaling 5 flights in 2020 alone, and becoming the first Falcon 9 to launch a commercial payload on its seventh flight. On 18 December 2021, it flew for a record 11th time.[240] It was the first booster to be used eight, nine, ten, eleven, and twelve times respectively. It flew for the final time on 12 November 2022 for the Intelsat G-31/G-32 mission, and was expended.

Booster 1056

First flight proven booster to fail landing.[241]

Booster 1058

Falcon 9 B1058 and Dragon rolling out to the launch pad, bearing the NASA "worm" logo.
Falcon 9 B1058 and Dragon rolling out to the launch pad, bearing the NASA "worm" logo.

Falcon 9 B1058 was first launched on 30 May 2020, from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39A (Apollo 11 launch site). It carried NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken to the International Space Station. It was the first crewed orbital spaceflight launched from the United States since the final Space Shuttle mission, and the first crewed flight test of Dragon 2. It was the first crewed orbital spaceflight by a private company. The booster was the first and only Falcon 9 booster to feature NASA's "worm logo", last used in 1992.[242] On 11 September 2022, it flew for the 14th time and became the first booster to be recovered 14 times.[243] On 17 December 2022, it was also the first booster to fly and land for the 15th time.

Booster 1061

Falcon 9 B1061 first launched Crew-1 to the ISS in November 2020, the first operational flight of Crew Dragon, and landed on a drone ship.[244] It became the first booster to fly crew twice as well as the first reused booster to fly crew as a part of the Crew-2 mission.[245] This first stage went on to complete additional missions.[161] B1061 is the only booster to land on all of SpaceX’s different landing zones and drone ships, except LZ-2.

Booster 1062

Falcon 9 B1062 launched Inspiration4 in 2021, operated by SpaceX on behalf of Shift4 Payments CEO Jared Isaacman.[246] The mission launched the Crew Dragon Resilience on 16 September 2021 at 00:02:56 UTC[a] from the Florida Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39A atop a Falcon 9 launch vehicle, placed the Dragon capsule into low Earth orbit,[229] and ended successfully on 18 September 2021 at 23:06:49 UTC,[247] when the Resilience splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean. B1062 currently holds the record for the fastest booster turnaround time at 21 days and 4 hours between 8 April 2022 (Axiom-1) and 29th April 2022 (Starlink Group 4-16) beating the previous record of 27 days and 6 hours held by B1060. This was the first time a booster had flown twice in the same month. According to the SpaceX webcast of the Starlink Group 4-16 mission, the booster spent just 9 days in refurbishment.

Booster 1069

Falcon 9 B1069 launched SpaceX CRS-24 to ISS in December 2021 for NASA. SpaceX achieved the feat of 100 successful orbital rocket booster landings in this mission, coinciding with the 6th anniversary of its first booster landing. The rough seas led to the Octograbber robot not being able to secure the booster to the deck, leading to both the booster, dronseship and the Octagrabber robot being heavily damaged in transit.[248] It took months for SpaceX to refurbish B1069, returning into service only on Group 4-23 mission in August 2022.

On its next flight for Eutelsat Hotbird 13F, B1069 included a hosted promotional payload by FIFA, that was a box powered by starlink containing 2 Adidas Al Rihla (the Journey) balls, that were to be used in 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar.[249] These match balls were launched and brought back by landing on the droneship surviving the stresses of the booster. Later, they were taken out and shipped back to Qatar for the world cup. This was actually the first payload on a Falcon 9 booster and thus showed the ease of reusability.[250]The balls' flight by SpaceX was, in part, a promotion for the company's Starlink satellite internet service. An associated website invited World Cup attendees to visit the Starlink office in Doha.[251]

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VTVL

VTVL

Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets. Multiple VTVL craft have flown. The most widely known and commercially successful VTVL rocket is SpaceX's Falcon 9 first stage.

Falcon 9 flight 20

Falcon 9 flight 20

Falcon 9 flight 20 was a Falcon 9 space launch that occurred on 22 December 2015 at 01:29:00 UTC. It was the first time that the first stage of an orbital rocket made a successful return and vertical landing.

Landing Zones 1 and 2

Landing Zones 1 and 2

Landing Zone 1 and Landing Zone 2, also known as LZ-1 and LZ-2 respectively, are landing facilities on Cape Canaveral Space Force Station for recovering components of SpaceX's VTVL reusable launch vehicles. LZ-1 and LZ-2 were built on land leased in February 2015, on the site of the former Cape Canaveral Launch Complex 13. SpaceX built Landing Zone 2 at the facility to have a second landing pad, allowing two Falcon Heavy boosters to land simultaneously.

Kennedy Space Center

Kennedy Space Center

The John F. Kennedy Space Center, located on Merritt Island, Florida, is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) ten field centers. Since December 1968, KSC has been NASA's primary launch center of human spaceflight. Launch operations for the Apollo, Skylab and Space Shuttle programs were carried out from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39 and managed by KSC. Located on the east coast of Florida, KSC is adjacent to Cape Canaveral Space Force Station (CCSFS). The management of the two entities work very closely together, share resources and operate facilities on each other's property.

Hawthorne, California

Hawthorne, California

Hawthorne is a city in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, located in southwestern Los Angeles County, California. It is part of a seventeen-city region commonly called the South Bay. As of the 2020 US census, Hawthorne had a population of 88,083.

SpaceX CRS-8

SpaceX CRS-8

SpaceX CRS-8, also known as SpX-8, was a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was launched on April 8, 2016, at 20:43 UTC. It was the 23rd flight of a Falcon 9 rocket, the tenth flight of a Dragon cargo spacecraft and the eighth operational mission contracted to SpaceX by NASA under the Commercial Resupply Services program. The capsule carried over 3,100 kilograms (6,800 lb) of cargo to the ISS including the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM), a prototype inflatable space habitat delivered in the vehicle's trunk, which was attached to the station and, as of May 2022, is expected to remain so for five more full years of in-orbit viability tests.

SpaceX Dragon

SpaceX Dragon

American private space transportation company SpaceX has developed and produced several spacecraft named Dragon. The first family member, now referred to as Dragon 1, flew 23 cargo missions to the ISS between 2010 and 2020 before being retired. With this first version not designed for carrying astronauts, it was funded by NASA with $396 million awarded through the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program, with SpaceX being announced as a winner of the first round of funding on August 18, 2006.

Bigelow Expandable Activity Module

Bigelow Expandable Activity Module

The Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) is an experimental expandable space station module developed by Bigelow Aerospace, under contract to NASA, for testing as a temporary module on the International Space Station (ISS) from 2016 to at most 2028, when the contract can not be extended any further. It arrived at the ISS on 10 April 2016, was berthed to the station on 16 April 2016, and was expanded and pressurized on 28 May 2016. Although originally planned to be a two year test, it has exceeded expectations and is used as additional cargo storage. The module is under ownership of NASA after Bigelow Aerospace suspended operations in 2021.

Autonomous spaceport drone ship

Autonomous spaceport drone ship

An autonomous spaceport drone ship (ASDS) is an ocean-going vessel derived from a deck barge, outfitted with station-keeping engines and a large landing platform and is autonomously controlled when on station for a landing. Construction of such ships was commissioned by aerospace company SpaceX to allow recovery of launch vehicle first stages at sea for missions that do not carry enough fuel to return to the launch site after boosting spacecraft onto an orbital or interplanetary trajectory.

SES-10

SES-10

SES-10, is a geostationary communications satellite awarded in February 2014, owned and operated by SES S.A. and designed and manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space on the Eurostar-3000 satellite bus. It is positioned at the 67° West position thanks to an agreement with the Andean Community to use the Simón Bolivar-2 satellite network. It replaces AMC-3 and AMC-4 to provide enhanced coverage and significant capacity expansion.

SpaceX reusable launch system development program

SpaceX reusable launch system development program

SpaceX is privately funding the development of orbital launch systems that can be reused many times, in a manner similar to the reusability of aircraft. SpaceX has been developing the technologies over several years to facilitate full and rapid reusability of space launch vehicles. The project's long-term objectives include returning a launch vehicle first stage to the launch site in minutes and to return a second stage to the launch pad following orbital realignment with the launch site and atmospheric reentry in up to 24 hours. SpaceX's long term goal is that both stages of their orbital launch vehicle will be designed to allow reuse a few hours after return.

Falcon 9 B1046

Falcon 9 B1046

Falcon 9 B1046 was a reusable Falcon 9 first-stage booster manufactured by SpaceX. It flew four times between 2018 and 2020 before it was expended during a successful abort test of the Crew Dragon. It was the first Block 5 upgrade to the Falcon 9.

Reuse and recovery records

  • B1012 featured the first recovery attempt on a droneship on 10 January 2015. The attempt was unsuccessful.
  • B1019 became the first orbital booster ever to be recovered after a launch. After it landed at LZ-1 on 22 December 2015, it was retired and put on display at SpaceX Headquarters in Hawthorne, California.
  • B1021 became the first booster ever to land on a droneship. On 8 April 2016, B1021 touched down on Of Course I Still Love You marking SpaceX's second successful landing.
  • B1023 and B1025 achieved the first synchronized landings when they touched down together at LZ-1 and LZ-2 respectively after the Falcon Heavy Test Flight on 6 February 2018.
  • B1046 (the first Block 5 booster) became the first to launch three times, carrying Spaceflight SSO-A on 3 December 2018.
  • B1048 was the first booster to be recovered four times on 11 November 2019, and the first to perform a fifth flight on 18 March 2020, but the booster was lost during re-entry.
  • B1049 was the first booster to be recovered five times on 4 June 2020, six times on 18 August 2020, and seven times on 25 November 2020.
  • B1051 became the first booster to be recovered eight times on 20 January 2021, nine times on 14 March 2021, and ten times on 9 May 2021, achieving one of SpaceX's milestone goals for reuse. It then became the first booster to be recovered eleven times on 18 December 2021 and twelve times on 19 March 2022.[252][253][254][255]
  • B1060 became the first booster to fly thirteen times on 17 June 2022.
  • B1062 booster holds the record for fastest turnaround at 21 days. It launched on 8 April and again on 29 April 2022.[256]
  • B1023 holds the record for the farthest downrange droneship landing from Falcon 9 at 681km on 27 May 2016 and B1055 holds the record of 1236km downrange from Falcon Heavy.[257]
  • B1058 became the first booster to fly fourteen times on 11 September 2022.
  • B1069 launched and returned a hosted box containing two FIFA 2022 World Cup Adidas Al Rihla on 15 October 2022 for a sub-orbital flight, the first payload on a Falcon 9 booster.
  • B1058 became the first booster to fly fifteen times on 17 December 2022.
  • B1061 became the only booster on 30 December 2022 to land on all of SpaceX’s different landing zones and drone ships, except LZ-2.

Discover more about Reuse and recovery records related topics

SES-10

SES-10

SES-10, is a geostationary communications satellite awarded in February 2014, owned and operated by SES S.A. and designed and manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space on the Eurostar-3000 satellite bus. It is positioned at the 67° West position thanks to an agreement with the Andean Community to use the Simón Bolivar-2 satellite network. It replaces AMC-3 and AMC-4 to provide enhanced coverage and significant capacity expansion.

Falcon 9 B1046

Falcon 9 B1046

Falcon 9 B1046 was a reusable Falcon 9 first-stage booster manufactured by SpaceX. It flew four times between 2018 and 2020 before it was expended during a successful abort test of the Crew Dragon. It was the first Block 5 upgrade to the Falcon 9.

Falcon 9 B1048

Falcon 9 B1048

Falcon 9 booster B1048 was a reusable orbital-class Block 5 Falcon 9 first-stage booster manufactured by SpaceX. B1048 was the third Falcon 9 Block 5 to fly and the second Block 5 booster to re-fly. It became the second orbital-class booster to fly a third time and is the first booster ever to be launched five times. B1048 service came to an end on its fifth flight when an engine shut down prematurely on launch. Whilst the primary mission was unaffected and the Starlink payload deployed successfully, B1048 was unable to land. In a subsequent investigation, SpaceX found that isopropyl alcohol, used as cleaning fluid, was trapped and ignited causing the engine to be shut down. To address the issue, in a following launch SpaceX indicated that the cleaning process was not done.

FIFA

FIFA

FIFA is the international governing body of association football, beach soccer, and futsal. It was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich, Switzerland, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. These national associations must each also be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: CAF (Africa), AFC, UEFA (Europe), CONCACAF, OFC (Oceania) and CONMEBOL.

2022 FIFA World Cup

2022 FIFA World Cup

The 2022 FIFA World Cup was an international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of FIFA's member associations and 22nd edition of the FIFA World Cup. It took place in Qatar from 20 November to 18 December 2022, making it the first World Cup held in the Arab world and Muslim world, and the second held entirely in Asia after the 2002 tournament in South Korea and Japan.

Adidas Al Rihla

Adidas Al Rihla

The Adidas Al Rihla is a ball for association football produced by Adidas. It was the official match ball of the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar. The ball contains a suspended inertial measurement unit inside its bladder that supplies the video assistant referee with instantaneous highly detailed ball movement data. The ball was designed for sustainability, being the first FIFA World Cup official match ball to be produced with environmentally-friendly inks and adhesives.

Source: "List of Falcon 9 first-stage boosters", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 28th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Falcon_9_first-stage_boosters.

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See also
Notes
  1. ^ 15 September 2021, 20:02:56 Eastern Daylight Time (EDT)
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