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List of British generals and brigadiers

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This is a list of people who have held general officer rank or the rank of brigadier (together now recognized as starred officers) in the British Army, Royal Marines, British Indian Army or other British military force since the Acts of Union 1707.

See also Category:British generals – note that a "Brigadier" is not classed as a "general" in the British Army, despite being a NATO 1-star equivalent rank.[1] Prior to the mid to late-1990s, British ranks used a hyphen.

Hence, in the lists below:

  • 1* = Brigadier-General/Brigadier
  • 2* = Major-General (prior to 1990s) / Major General (mid 1990s onwards)
  • 3* = Lieutenant-General (prior to 1990s) / Lieutenant General (mid 1990s onwards)
  • 4* = General
  • 5* = Field Marshal

(dates after the name are birth and death)

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General officer

General officer

A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry.

Brigadier

Brigadier

Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country. In some countries, it is a senior rank above colonel, equivalent to a brigadier general or commodore, typically commanding a brigade of several thousand soldiers. In other countries, it is a non-commissioned rank.

British Army

British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the British Armed Forces along with the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force. As of 2022, the British Army comprises 79,380 regular full-time personnel, 4,090 Gurkhas, and 28,330 volunteer reserve personnel.

Royal Marines

Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines (RM), also known as the Royal Marines Commandos, are the UK's special operations capable commando force, amphibious light infantry and also one of the five fighting arms of the Royal Navy. The Corps of Royal Marines can trace their origins back to the formation of the "Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of Foot" on 28 October 1664, and can trace their commando origins to the formation of the 3rd Special Service Brigade, now known as 3 Commando Brigade on 14 February 1942, during the Second World War.

British Indian Army

British Indian Army

The British Indian Army, commonly referred to as the Indian Army, was the main military of the British Raj before its dissolution in 1947. It was responsible for the defence of the British Indian Empire, including the princely states, which could also have their own armies. As quoted in the Imperial Gazetteer of India, "The British Government has undertaken to protect the dominions of the Native princes from invasion and even from rebellion within: its army is organized for the defence not merely of British India, but of all possessions under the suzerainty of the King-Emperor." The Indian Army was an important part of the British Empire's forces, both in India and abroad, particularly during the First World War and the Second World War.

Acts of Union 1707

Acts of Union 1707

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act 1707 passed by the Parliament of Scotland. They put into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union that had been agreed on 22 July 1706, following negotiation between commissioners representing the parliaments of the two countries. By the two Acts, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland—which at the time were separate states with separate legislatures, but with the same monarch—were, in the words of the Treaty, "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".

A

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Henry Richard Abadie

Henry Richard Abadie

Major-General Henry Richard Abadie was a British Army officer. He was GOC Eastern District at the end of the 19th century and the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey for four years thereafter.

General officer commanding

General officer commanding

General officer commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth to a general officer who holds a command appointment.

Eastern District (British Army)

Eastern District (British Army)

Eastern District was a district command of the British Army from 1967 and 1995.

Herbert Edward Stacy Abbott

Herbert Edward Stacy Abbott

Major General Herbert Edward Stacy Abbott was an officer in the armies of the East India Company and British Crown in India, under colonial rule.

James Abbott (Indian Army officer)

James Abbott (Indian Army officer)

General Sir James Abbott, was a British military officer in the Bengal Army of British India and an administrator in British India. The city of Abbottabad, in Pakistan, was founded by and named after him.

13th Frontier Force Rifles

13th Frontier Force Rifles

The 13th Frontier Force Rifles was part of the British Indian Army, and after 1947, Pakistan Army. It was formed in 1922 by amalgamation of five existing regiments and consisted of five regular battalions.

Adjutant general

Adjutant general

An adjutant general is a military chief administrative officer.

Alexander Abel Smith

Alexander Abel Smith

Sir Alexander Abel Smith was a British Army officer and merchant banker.

Commander-in-Chief, North America

Commander-in-Chief, North America

The office of Commander-in-Chief, North America was a military position of the British Army. Established in 1755 in the early years of the Seven Years' War, holders of the post were generally responsible for land-based military personnel and activities in and around those parts of North America that Great Britain either controlled or contested. The post continued to exist until 1775, when Lieutenant-General Thomas Gage, the last holder of the post, was replaced early in the American War of Independence. The post's responsibilities were then divided: Major-General William Howe became Commander-in-Chief, America, responsible for British troops from West Florida to Newfoundland, and General Guy Carleton became Commander-in-Chief, Quebec, responsible for the defence of the Province of Quebec.

Commander-in-Chief, India

Commander-in-Chief, India

During the period of the Company rule in India and the British Raj, the Commander-in-Chief, India was the supreme commander of the British Indian Army. The Commander-in-Chief and most of his staff were based at GHQ India, and liaised with the civilian Governor-General of India. Following the Partition of India in 1947 and the creation of the independent dominions of India and Pakistan, the post was abolished. It was briefly replaced by the position of Supreme Commander of India and Pakistan before the role was abolished in November 1948. Subsequently, the role of Commander-in-Chief was merged into the offices of the Commanders-in-Chief of the independent Indian Army and Pakistan Army, respectively, before becoming part of the office of the President of India from 1950 and of the Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army from 1947.

John Abercromby (British Army officer)

John Abercromby (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir John Abercromby or Abercrombie GCB was a British Army officer and Member of Parliament (MP) for Clackmannanshire from 1815 to 1817.

Bombay Army

Bombay Army

The Bombay Army was the army of the Bombay Presidency, one of the three presidencies of British India.

B

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Anthony Bacon (British Army officer)

Anthony Bacon (British Army officer)

Major General Anthony Bacon was a notable cavalry officer and commander in the Napoleonic wars.

Alexander Robert Badcock

Alexander Robert Badcock

General Sir Alexander Robert Badcock, was a general in the British Indian Army.

Indian Army

Indian Army

The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army, and its professional head is the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general. Two officers have been conferred with the rank of field marshal, a five-star rank, which is a ceremonial position of great honour. The Indian Army was formed in 1895 alongside the long established presidency armies of the East India Company, which too were absorbed into it in 1903. The princely states had their own armies, which were merged into the national army after independence. The units and regiments of the Indian Army have diverse histories and have participated in several battles and campaigns around the world, earning many battle and theatre honours before and after Independence.

50th (Northumbrian) Division

50th (Northumbrian) Division

The Northumbrian Division was an infantry division of the British Army, formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force with units drawn from the north-east of England, notably Northumberland, Durham and the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire. The division was numbered as 50th (Northumbrian) Division in 1915 and served on the Western Front throughout the First World War. Due to losses suffered in the Ludendorf Offensive in March 1918 it had to be comprehensively reorganized. It was once again reformed in the Territorial Army as the Northumbrian Division in 1920.

Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

The Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964. The CGS is a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Army Board. Prior to 1964, the title was Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS). Since 1959, the post has been immediately subordinate to the Chief of the Defence Staff, the post held by the professional head of the British Armed Forces.

Commander-in-Chief, Ireland

Commander-in-Chief, Ireland

Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, was title of the commander of the British forces in Ireland before 1922. Until the Act of Union in 1800, the position involved command of the distinct Irish Army of the Kingdom of Ireland.

Douglas Baird (Indian Army officer)

Douglas Baird (Indian Army officer)

General Sir Harry Beauchamp Douglas Baird was a British officer in the British Indian Army.

Eastern Command (India)

Eastern Command (India)

The Eastern Command is one of the six operational commands of the Indian Army. It is headquartered in Fort William in the city of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal. The Eastern Command was formed on 1 November 1920. The Command is commanded by a three-star rank officer with the title General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C).

Ned Baird

Ned Baird

Brigadier-General Edward William David Baird, known as Ned Baird, was a cavalry officer in the regular British Army and the reserve Territorial Force. Following service in the army, he became a successful horse trainer, winning the Grand National and the St. Leger. He was also a steward at the Jockey Club, a Deputy Lieutenant and a Justice of the Peace.

179th (2/4th London) Brigade

179th (2/4th London) Brigade

The 179th Brigade was a formation of the British Army during the First World War. It was assigned to the 60th Division and served in the Middle East. Raised by Colonel, later Brigadier-General, Ned Baird.

James Baird (British Army officer)

James Baird (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir James Parlane Baird, was a British Army officer and doctor. He served as Director General Army Medical Services from 1973 to 1977.

Army Medical Services

Army Medical Services

The Army Medical Services (AMS) is the organisation responsible for administering the corps that deliver medical, veterinary, dental and nursing services in the British Army. It is headquartered at the former Staff College, Camberley, near the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.

C

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John Caillaud

John Caillaud

Brigadier-General John Caillaud was Commander-in-Chief, India.

Granby Thomas Calcraft

Granby Thomas Calcraft

Major General Sir Granby Thomas Calcraft (1770–1820) was a British soldier and politician. He was a cavalry officer, and commanded the 3rd Dragoon Guards and the Heavy Brigade in the Peninsular War. He was MP for Wareham in the years 1807–1808.

Charles Edward Callwell

Charles Edward Callwell

Major-General Sir Charles Edward Callwell, was an Anglo-Irish officer of the British Army, who served in the artillery, as an intelligence officer, and as a staff officer and commander during the Second Boer War, and as Director of Operations & Intelligence during World War I. He was also a noted writer of military biography, history, and theory.

Mike Calvert

Mike Calvert

Brigadier James Michael Calvert, was a British Army officer who was involved in special operations in Burma during the Second World War. He participated in both Chindit operations and was instrumental in popularizing the unorthodox ideas of Orde Wingate. He frequently led attacks from the front, a practice that earned him the nickname amongst the men under his command of "Mad Mike."

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, was the tenth child and seventh son of the British king George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He held the title of Duke of Cambridge from 1801 until his death. He also served as Viceroy of Hanover on behalf of his brothers George IV and William IV.

Prince George, Duke of Cambridge

Prince George, Duke of Cambridge

Prince George, Duke of Cambridge was a member of the British royal family, a male-line grandson of George III and cousin of Queen Victoria. The Duke was an army officer by profession and served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces from 1856 to 1895. He became Duke of Cambridge in 1850 and field marshal in 1862. Deeply devoted to the old Army, he worked with Queen Victoria to defeat or minimise every reform proposal, such as setting up a general staff. His Army became a moribund and stagnant institution. Its weaknesses were dramatically revealed by the poor organisation at the start of the Second Boer War.

Kenneth Came

Kenneth Came

Brigadier Kenneth Charles Came OBE was a career British Army officer and English cricketer. He was born at Caversham, Berkshire.

Alexander Cameron (British Army officer, born 1781)

Alexander Cameron (British Army officer, born 1781)

General Sir Alexander Cameron was a Scottish general officer of the British Army, known for his service in the Rifle Brigade.

Distinguished Service Order

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, as well as formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 it has been awarded specifically for 'highly successful command and leadership during active operations', with all ranks being eligible.

Archibald Campbell (British Army officer, born 1739)

Archibald Campbell (British Army officer, born 1739)

Sir Archibald Campbell KB served as governor of Georgia, Jamaica, and Madras. He was a major Scottish landowner, Heritable Usher of the White Rod for Scotland and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1791.

David Campbell (British Army officer)

David Campbell (British Army officer)

General Sir David Graham Muschet "Soarer" Campbell was a cavalry officer of the British Army, amateur sportsman, and later Governor of Malta.

Douglas of Mains

Douglas of Mains

The Douglases of Mains are a branch of the Clan Douglas, related to the Lords of Douglas through Archibald I, Lord of Douglas. The first Laird obtained land through marriage into the Galbraith family, which had been granted land in New Kilpatrick by Maldowen, Earl of Lennox. The family produced minor nobles in the Scottish court, perhaps the most notable of which was Malcolm Douglas, the 8th Laird, executed for treason in Edinburgh for conspiracy in the Raid of Ruthven. His second son, Robert Douglas, was made Viscount of Belhaven and is buried in Holyrood Abbey. The family intermarried in the Glasgow area, having links with the Campbells of Blythswood, with landed families across Scotland and more latterly the United Kingdom. The title became extinct in the 20th century; the last 33.5 acres (136,000 m2) of the estate was sold to Dunbartonshire county and was subsequently used for the erection of the secondary school, Douglas Academy, in Milngavie prior to the death of the last heir in 1977.

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Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre

Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre

Henry Otway Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, CB was a British peer and soldier.

Richard Dacres (British Army officer)

Richard Dacres (British Army officer)

Field Marshal Sir Richard James Dacres, was a British Army officer during the nineteenth century. Born into a substantial naval dynasty, he would achieve similar status in the military, commanding three troops of Royal Horse Artillery at the Battles of Alma in September 1854, Balaclava in October 1854 and Inkerman in November 1854, and throughout the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War and eventually rising to the rank of field marshal.

George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie

George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie

General George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie,, styled Lord Ramsay until 1787, and Baron Dalhousie from 1815, was a Scottish soldier and colonial administrator. He was Governor of Nova Scotia from 1816 to 1820, Governor General of British North America from 1820 to 1828 and later Commander-in-Chief in India. In turn, his son, James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, would later serve as Governor-General of India.

William Dalrymple (British Army officer)

William Dalrymple (British Army officer)

William Dalrymple was a Scottish soldier and Member of Parliament (MP) in the British Parliament and Parliament of Ireland. He was the son of the Hon. George Dalrymple, brother of John Dalrymple, 5th Earl of Stair. Father of John Dalrymple, 7th Earl of Stair.

26th Indian Infantry Division

26th Indian Infantry Division

The 26th Indian Infantry Division, was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II. It fought in the Burma Campaign.

Henry Daly

Henry Daly

General Sir Henry Dermot Daly was a senior British Indian Army officer, colonial administrator, Liberal Unionist politician and founder of Daly College.

Henry Dalzell-Payne

Henry Dalzell-Payne

Major-General Henry ('Harry') Salusbury Legh Dalzell Payne CBE was a British Army officer who commanded 3rd Armoured Division.

Charles Daniell

Charles Daniell

Major-General Charles Frederick Torrens Daniell was a British Army officer who held high office in the 1880s.

Matthew Darby-Griffith

Matthew Darby-Griffith

Matthew Chitty Darby, later Darby-Griffith, was a British soldier and Major-General.

William Darell (British Army officer)

William Darell (British Army officer)

Brigadier-General William Harry Verelst Darell CMG, DSO was a British Army officer and rower who won the Diamond Challenge Sculls at Henley Royal Regatta.

Douglas Darling

Douglas Darling

Major General Douglas Lyall Darling & Bar, MC & Bar was a British Army officer who was highly decorated for gallantry and leadership during the Second World War.

Henry Darling

Henry Darling

Major-General Henry Charles Darling was a Major General in the British Army and served as Lieutenant Governor of Tobago (1833–45).

E

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Archibald James Fergusson Eden

Archibald James Fergusson Eden

Brigadier-General Archibald James Fergusson Eden was a career officer in the British Army. He received his commission in 1892 and actively served until 23 March 1924, after which he remained a figure in military circles, organising memorials, overseeing parades and attending military dinners. He was also a direct descendant of Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland.

Distinguished Service Order

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, as well as formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 it has been awarded specifically for 'highly successful command and leadership during active operations', with all ranks being eligible.

James Edward Edmonds

James Edward Edmonds

Brigadier-General Sir James Edward Edmonds was an officer of the Royal Engineers in the late-Victorian era British Army who worked in the Intelligence Division, took part in the creation of the forerunner of MI5 and promoted several spy scares, which failed to impress Richard Haldane, the Secretary of State for War (1905–1912). Viscount Esher said that Edmonds was...a silly witness from the War Office [who saw] rats everywhere - behind every arras.

Herbert Benjamin Edwardes

Herbert Benjamin Edwardes

Major-General Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes DCL was a British administrator, soldier, and statesman active in the Punjab region of British India. He is best known as the "Hero of Multan" for his pivotal role in securing British victory in the Second Anglo-Sikh War.

James Bevan Edwards

James Bevan Edwards

Lieutenant General Sir James Bevan Edwards was a senior British Army officer and politician.

Nick Eeles

Nick Eeles

Major General Nicholas Henry Eeles is a British Army officer who served as General Officer Commanding Scotland.

Francis Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham

Francis Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham

Brigadier-General Francis Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham was an English peer and army officer.

Charles Egerton (Indian Army officer)

Charles Egerton (Indian Army officer)

Field Marshal Sir Charles Comyn Egerton was a senior Indian Army officer from the Egerton family.

David Egerton (British Army officer)

David Egerton (British Army officer)

Major General Sir David Boswell Egerton, 16th Baronet, was a British Army officer from the aristocratic Egerton family.

Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton

Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton

Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton was a Scottish General and Member of Parliament (MP) in the British Parliament. He was also the Clan Chief of the Clan Montgomery. Montgomerie fought in the Seven Years' War, where he served with George Washington. He also was the patron of the poet Robert Burns.

Edmond Elles

Edmond Elles

Lieutenant-General Sir Edmond Roche Elles was a British Army officer who served in Egypt and India during the late 19th century and early 20th century.

Hugh Elles

Hugh Elles

Lieutenant General Sir Hugh Jamieson Elles was a British officer and the first commander of the newly formed Tank Corps during the First World War.

F

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Henry Fane (British Army officer)

Henry Fane (British Army officer)

General Sir Henry Fane commanded brigades under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington during several battles during the Peninsular War, and served both as a member of Parliament and Commander-in-Chief of India.

Edmund Fanning (colonial administrator)

Edmund Fanning (colonial administrator)

Edmund Fanning was a British North American colonial administrator and military leader. Born in New York, he became a lawyer and politician in North Carolina in the 1760s. He first came to fame as the focus of hatred of the Regulators, and led anti-Regulator militia in the War of the Regulation. When the American Revolutionary War broke out, he was driven from his home in New York, and joined the British Army, recruiting other Loyalists. He served during campaigns in New England and the South. At the end of the war in 1783 he became a United Empire Loyalist, settling in Nova Scotia.

Edward Fanshawe (British Army officer)

Edward Fanshawe (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Arthur Fanshawe, was a British Army general of the First World War, who commanded the 11th (Northern) Division at Gallipoli and the V Corps on the Western Front during the Battle of the Somme, the Third Battle of Ypres, and the 1918 German spring offensive. He was the second eldest of three brothers who rose to command divisions or corps during the war.

Evelyn Fanshawe

Evelyn Fanshawe

Major-General Sir Evelyn Dalrymple Fanshawe, CB, CBE was a British Army officer and the Director of the International Refugee Organisation in the British Zone of Germany from 1948 to 1952.

Hew Dalrymple Fanshawe

Hew Dalrymple Fanshawe

Lieutenant-General Sir Hew Dalrymple Fanshawe, was a British Army general of the First World War, who commanded V Corps on the Western Front and the 18th Indian Division in the Mesopotamian campaign. He was one of three brothers who all rose to command divisions or corps during the war.

Martin Farndale

Martin Farndale

General Sir Martin Baker Farndale, was a British Army officer who reached high office in the 1980s.

Andrew Farquhar

Andrew Farquhar

Major-General Andrew Peter Farquhar, is a former British Army officer who commanded 5th Division.

Anthony Farrar-Hockley

Anthony Farrar-Hockley

General Sir Anthony Heritage Farrar-Hockley, nicknamed Farrar the Para, was a British Army officer and a military historian who fought in a number of British conflicts. He held a number of senior commands, ending his career as Commander-in-Chief of NATO's Allied Forces Northern Europe. Throughout his four decades of army life, he spoke plainly, and both before and after his retirement in 1982 wrote on the conflicts he had experienced and the Second World War.

Dair Farrar-Hockley

Dair Farrar-Hockley

Major General Charles Dair Farrar-Hockley, MC is a retired British Army officer, and a former Director General of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. He is the son of General Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley.

British Indian Army

British Indian Army

The British Indian Army, commonly referred to as the Indian Army, was the main military of the British Raj before its dissolution in 1947. It was responsible for the defence of the British Indian Empire, including the princely states, which could also have their own armies. As quoted in the Imperial Gazetteer of India, "The British Government has undertaken to protect the dominions of the Native princes from invasion and even from rebellion within: its army is organized for the defence not merely of British India, but of all possessions under the suzerainty of the King-Emperor." The Indian Army was an important part of the British Empire's forces, both in India and abroad, particularly during the First World War and the Second World War.

Burma Division

Burma Division

The Burma Division was a static formation of the British Indian Army. It was created as part of the 1903 reforms of the Indian Army by Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener then Commander-in-Chief, India. The task of such formations was to oversee area brigades commanding Internal Security troops. The formation is best thought of as a provincial or district command rather than as an infantry division. The headquarters of the division was at Maymyo.

9th Gorkha Rifles

9th Gorkha Rifles

The 9th Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha infantry regiment of the Indian Army and, previously, the British Army. The regiment was initially formed by the British in 1817, and was one of the Gurkha regiments transferred to the Indian Army after independence as part of the tripartite agreement in 1947. This Gorkha regiment mainly recruits soldiers who come from Nepal's Gorkhali warrior community i.e. the Khas/Chhetri and Thakuri clans. Domiciled Indian Gorkhas are also recruited, and they form about 20 percent of the regiment's total strength. The 9 Gorkha Rifles is one of the seven Gorkha regiments of the Indian Army. The other regiments are 1 GR, 3 GR, 4 GR, 5 GR (FF), 8 GR and 11 GR.

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Henry Gage, 3rd Viscount Gage

Henry Gage, 3rd Viscount Gage

Henry Gage, 3rd Viscount Gage was a British Army officer, Member of Parliament and peer.

Charles Gairdner

Charles Gairdner

Lieutenant General Sir Charles Henry Gairdner, was a senior British Army officer who later occupied two viceregal positions in Australia. Born in Batavia in the Dutch East Indies, he was brought up in Ireland, and educated at Repton School and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, in England. Having served on active duty during the First World War, in which he sustained a serious wound to his right leg, Gairdner spent time at the Staff College, Camberley in the interwar period, and served as commanding officer of the 10th Royal Hussars, 6th Armoured Division and 8th Armoured Division during the Second World War. He retired from the army in 1949 and was appointed Governor of Western Australia in 1951, a position in which he served until 1963, when he assumed the role of Governor of Tasmania until 1968. Gairdner died in Nedlands, at the age of 84, and was awarded a state funeral.

Richard Gale (British Army officer)

Richard Gale (British Army officer)

General Sir Richard Nelson "Windy" Gale, was a senior officer in the British Army who served in both world wars. In the First World War he was awarded the Military Cross in 1918 whilst serving as a junior officer in the Machine Gun Corps. During the Second World War he served with 1st Parachute Brigade and then the 6th Airborne Division during the D-Day landings and Operation Tonga in 1944. After the end of the conflict, Gale remained in the army and eventually, in 1958, succeeded Field Marshal The Viscount Montgomery as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe.

Alexander Galloway

Alexander Galloway

Lieutenant-General Sir Alexander Galloway, was a senior British Army officer. During the Second World War, he was particularly highly regarded as a staff officer and, as such, had an influential role in the outcome of Operation Crusader during the Western Desert Campaign in late 1941. He later commanded the 4th Indian Infantry Division at the Battle of Monte Cassino during the Italian Campaign in early 1944.

Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway

Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway

Henri de Massue, 2nd Marquis de Ruvigny, Earl of Galway, was a French Huguenot soldier and diplomat who was influential in the English service in the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession.

Dominic Jacotin Gamble

Dominic Jacotin Gamble

Major-General Dominic Jacotin Gamble CB was a British Army officer from 1844 until his death in 1887. He played a significant role in the New Zealand wars under Lieutenant General Duncan Cameron and the 4th Foot Regiment.

James Gammell

James Gammell

Lieutenant-General Sir James Andrew Harcourt Gammell was a British Army officer who fought during both the First and the Second World Wars.

Martin Garrod

Martin Garrod

Lieutenant General Sir John Martin Carruthers Garrod, was a Royal Marines officer who served as Commandant General Royal Marines from 1987 to 1990.

George Garth

George Garth

George Garth (1733–1819) was a British General, a commander in the American Revolutionary War, and Colonel of the 17th Regiment of Foot.

John Garvock

John Garvock

General Sir John Garvock was a British Army General who achieved high office in the 1860s.

Julian Gascoigne

Julian Gascoigne

Major-General Sir Julian Alvery Gascoigne, was a senior British Army officer who served in the Second World War and became Major-General commanding the Household Brigade and General Officer Commanding London District. After retiring from the army, he worked as a stockbroker and then served as Governor of Bermuda from 1959 to 1964.

Isaac Gascoyne

Isaac Gascoyne

Isaac Gascoyne was a British Army officer and Tory politician. He was born at Barking, London Essex on 21 August 1763, the third son of Bamber Gascoyne (senior) and Mary Green and was educated at Felsted School.

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John Hackett (British Army officer)

John Hackett (British Army officer)

General Sir John Winthrop Hackett, was an Australian-born British soldier, painter, university administrator, author and in later life, a commentator.

Charles Hadden

Charles Hadden

Sir Charles Frederick Hadden was a British Army officer who served as Master-General of the Ordnance.

Frederick Edward Hadow

Frederick Edward Hadow

Major-General Frederick Edward Hadow. He is notable for having served during the Indian mutiny and is believed to have been a senior Officer in the Hyderabad Contingency Force.

Brodie Haig

Brodie Haig

General Sir Arthur Brodie Haig, was a senior officer in the British Indian Army. A pre-war regular officer, he served in India prior to the outbreak of the First World War when he was posted to the Middle East. He was wounded at the Battle of Shaiba, twice mentioned in despatches and awarded the Military Cross (MC), before he was taken prisoner by the Ottoman Empire at the Siege of Kut. Escaping captivity in August 1918, he received a Bar to his MC.

Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, was a senior officer of the British Army. During the First World War, he commanded the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the Western Front from late 1915 until the end of the war. He was commander during the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Arras, the Third Battle of Ypres, the German Spring Offensive, and the Hundred Days Offensive.

Roland Haig

Roland Haig

Brigadier-General Roland Charles Haig was a British Army officer who served in the Second Boer War and First World War. After a brief period of service in the militia, Haig joined the 16th Lancers in 1894. He served with them until 1899 when he joined the 7th Dragoon Guards, being promoted to captain in the following year. He served in the Orange Free State and Transvaal in the Second Boer War, including fighting at the Battle of Diamond Hill. In 1903 Haig retired from the army, joining the Imperial Yeomanry. He transferred to the Rifle Brigade in 1907, where he was promoted to major. Haig began his service in the First World War in the 1st Battalion of that regiment.

Frederick Haines

Frederick Haines

Field Marshal Sir Frederick Paul Haines was a British Army officer. He fought in the First Anglo-Sikh War, in the Second Anglo-Sikh War and then in the Crimean War: during the latter conflict at the Battle of Inkerman, he held an important barrier on the post road guarding the approach to the 2nd Division camp for six hours. He served in India during the Indian Rebellion before becoming Commanding Officer of the 8th Regiment of Foot in the United Kingdom and then Commander of a Brigade in Ireland. He went on to be General Officer Commanding the Mysore Division of the Madras Army and then Quartermaster-General to the Forces in the United Kingdom. He returned to India to become Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army in May 1871 and then Commander-in-Chief, India in April 1876: he commanded the forces in India during the Second Anglo-Afghan War and successfully argued for a large force being made available before mobilisation occurred, but once the war started the Governor-General of India, Lord Lytton, was inclined to by-pass Haines and deal direct with commanders in the field, causing friction between the two men.

Robert Haining

Robert Haining

General Sir Robert Hadden Haining, was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War.

Distinguished Service Order

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, as well as formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 it has been awarded specifically for 'highly successful command and leadership during active operations', with all ranks being eligible.

Edmund Hakewill-Smith

Edmund Hakewill-Smith

Major General Sir Edmund Hakewill-Smith, was a senior British Army officer who served in both the First and Second World Wars.

Military Cross

Military Cross

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

Richard Haking

Richard Haking

General Sir Richard Cyril Byrne Haking,, was a British general who commanded XI Corps in the First World War.

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James Illingworth

James Illingworth

Major General James Timothy Edward Illingworth, is a former senior British Army officer. He served as Commander of British Forces Cyprus from 2017 to 2019.

General officer commanding

General officer commanding

General officer commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth to a general officer who holds a command appointment.

Peter Inge, Baron Inge

Peter Inge, Baron Inge

Field Marshal Peter Anthony Inge, Baron Inge, was a senior British Army officer. He was the Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, from 1992 to 1994 and then served as Chief of the Defence Staff before retiring in 1997. Early in his military career he saw action during the Malayan Emergency and Operation Banner in Northern Ireland, and later in his career he provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War.

Commander, Royal Artillery

Commander, Royal Artillery

Commander, Royal Artillery (CRA) was a military appointment in Commonwealth infantry and armoured divisions in the 20th century. The CRA was the senior artillery officer in the division and commanded the regiments of field, anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery, and provided specialist artillery and offensive support advice to the divisional commander. Even though the Canadians, New Zealanders, etc. had their own artillery corps, the term CRA was still used to mark this appointment in formations of those armies for consistency between the allies. The CRA was usually ranked as a brigadier-general in the First World War, and as a brigadier in the Second World War, and if he held this rank was usually referred to as the Brigadier-General, Royal Artillery (BGRA), or Brigadier, Royal Artillery (BRA).

Francis Inglefield

Francis Inglefield

Major-General Francis Seymour Inglefield (1855–1930) was a British Army officer.

George Henry Inglis

George Henry Inglis

Major General George Henry Inglis, was a senior British Army officer.

William Inglis (British Army officer)

William Inglis (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Sir William Inglis, KCB was a British officer of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

Royal Green Jackets

Royal Green Jackets

The Royal Green Jackets (RGJ) was an infantry regiment of the British Army, one of two "large regiments" within the Light Division.

James John McLeod Innes

James John McLeod Innes

Lieutenant General James John McLeod Innes was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Tim Inskip

Tim Inskip

Roland 'Tim' Debenham Inskip was an English first-class cricketer and British Army officer. Inskip served in the British Indian Army from 1905 to 1947, seeing action in the First World War, the Waziristan campaign and the Second World War. He was highly decorated in these campaigns and eventually reached the rank of major-general. He also played first-class cricket while in British India for the Europeans cricket team and the Rawalpindi Sports Club.

Hugo Ironside

Hugo Ironside

Brigadier Hugo Craster Wakeford Ironside OBE was a British Army officer who, during World War II, tunnelled out of a Prisoner of War camp and later helped construct a glider, known as the 'Colditz Cock'.

Godfrey Irving

Godfrey Irving

Major General Godfrey George Howy Irving was a senior Australian Army officer during the First World War.

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Archibald Jack

Archibald Jack

Brigadier-General Archibald Jack, was a New Zealand-born railway engineer and British Army officer.

James Lochhead Jack

James Lochhead Jack

Brigadier General James Lochhead Jack DSO & Bar and Legion of Honour (1880–1962) was a British officer who fought during the First World War. He became a war hero after coming back from the trenches, but his character was never the same again. In 1964 his diaries were published and became a bestseller.

Alexander Cosby Jackson

Alexander Cosby Jackson

Major general Alexander Cosby Jackson (1773–1827) was the 11th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon. He was appointed in 1812. He was succeeded by Edward Barnes.

Arnold Jackson (British Army officer)

Arnold Jackson (British Army officer)

Brigadier General Arnold Nugent Strode Strode-Jackson, was a British athlete, British Army officer, and a barrister. He was the winner of the 1500 m at the 1912 Summer Olympics, in what was hailed at the time as "the greatest race ever run". He was a brigadier general and amongst the most highly decorated British general officers of the First World War.

George Jackson (British Army officer)

George Jackson (British Army officer)

Major-General George Hanbury Noble Jackson was a British Army officer.

Henry Jackson (British Army officer)

Henry Jackson (British Army officer)

General Sir Henry Cholmondeley Jackson was a British Army General who achieved high office in the 1930s.

Claud Jacob

Claud Jacob

Field Marshal Sir Claud William Jacob, was a British Indian Army officer. He served in the First World War as commander of the Dehra Dun Brigade, as General Officer Commanding 21st Division and as General Officer Commanding II Corps in the Fifth Army. During the Battle of the Somme, his corps undertook the British attack during the Battle of Thiepval Ridge in September 1916 and the subsequent assault on St Pierre Divion during the Battle of the Ancre in November 1916. He remained in command of II Corps for the Battle of Passchendaele in Autumn 1917. After the War he commanded a corps of the British Army of the Rhine during the occupation there and then served as Chief of the General Staff in India. He went on to be General Officer Commanding Northern Command in India before temporarily becoming Commander-in-Chief, India and then taking over as Military Secretary to the India Office.

Ian Jacob

Ian Jacob

Lieutenant General Sir Edward Ian Claud Jacob, known as Ian Jacob, was a British Army officer, who served as the Military Assistant Secretary to Winston Churchill's war cabinet and was later a distinguished broadcasting executive, serving as the Director-General of the BBC from 1952 to 1959.

John Jacob (East India Company officer)

John Jacob (East India Company officer)

Brigadier-General John Jacob CB was an officer of the British East India Company who served in colonial India for the major portion of his career. He is known for the cavalry regiment called 36th Jacob's Horse, and for founding the town of Jacobabad, in modern day Pakistan, where he planned and supervised the transformation of thousands of acres of desert into arable land over the course of twenty years. The scale of progress and prosperity his works brought to the region can be appreciated by comparing those regions' relative prosperity compared to areas which were not under his administrative jurisdiction.

Manley James (VC)

Manley James (VC)

Brigadier Manley Angell James, was a British Army officer and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Mervyn Janes

Mervyn Janes

Major-General Mervyn Janes was a British Army officer who commanded 5th Division.

James Bruce Jardine

James Bruce Jardine

Brigadier General James Bruce Jardine was a British soldier and diplomat. He earned the rank of Brigadier-General in the service of the 5th Lancers.

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Richard Kane

Richard Kane

Brigadier General Richard Kane (1662–1736) was an Irish soldier who served in the British Army. He is particularly associated with the island of Minorca.

John Keane, 1st Baron Keane

John Keane, 1st Baron Keane

Lieutenant General John Keane, 1st Baron Keane was an Irish soldier in the British Army.

Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is a corps of the British Army. It provides military engineering and other technical support to the British Armed Forces and is headed by the Chief Royal Engineer. The Regimental Headquarters and the Royal School of Military Engineering are in Chatham in Kent, England. The corps is divided into several regiments, barracked at various places in the United Kingdom and around the world.

Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)

Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)

The Rifle Brigade was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers. They were soon renamed the "Rifle Corps". In January 1803, they became an established regular regiment and were titled the 95th Regiment of Foot (Rifles). In 1816, at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, they were again renamed, this time as the "Rifle Brigade".

Henry Sheehy Keating

Henry Sheehy Keating

Lieutenant General Sir Henry Sheehy Keating KCB was born at Bansha, County Tipperary in Ireland and was an officer of the British Army during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars who served in two important operations against French colonies. The most important of his services came during the Mauritius campaign, when he commanded the troops stationed on Rodrigues, a small island used as a base by British forces during the campaign. Keating was instrumental in planning and executing a series of amphibious operations against the French held islands, culminating in the capture of both Île Bonaparte and Île de France in 1810, as part of the Mauritius campaign of 1809–11.

Richard Harte Keatinge

Richard Harte Keatinge

Lieutenant General Richard Harte Keatinge was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Charles Keightley

Charles Keightley

General Sir Charles Frederic Keightley, was a senior British Army officer who served during and following the Second World War. After serving with distinction during the Second World War – becoming, in 1944, the youngest corps commander in the British Army – he had a distinguished postwar career and was the Governor of Gibraltar from 1958 to 1962.

Richard Keightley

Richard Keightley

Major-General Richard Charles Keightley CB CStJ is a former British Army officer who became Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.

Richard Keith-Jones

Richard Keith-Jones

Major-General Richard Keith-Jones (1913–1992) was a British Army officer.

Robert Kekewich

Robert Kekewich

Major-General Robert George Kekewich, CB was a Victorian era British Army officer.

Vernon Kell

Vernon Kell

Major General Sir Vernon George Waldegrave Kell, was a British Army general and the founder and first Director of the British Security Service, otherwise known as MI5. Known as K, he was described in Who's Who as "Commandant, War Department Constabulary".

Philip James Vandeleur Kelly

Philip James Vandeleur Kelly

Sir Philip James Vandeleur Kelly (1878–1948) was a cavalry officer and a brigadier-general of the British Army.

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Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake

Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake

Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake was a British general. He commanded British forces during the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and later served as Commander-in-Chief of the military in British India.

Percy Lake

Percy Lake

Lieutenant-General Sir Percy Henry Noel Lake, served as a senior commander in the British and Indian Armies, and in the Canadian Militia. He served during World War I.

Graeme Lamb

Graeme Lamb

Lieutenant General Sir Graeme Cameron Maxwell Lamb is a retired British Army officer. He is a former Commander of the Field Army at Land Command, known for his contributions to counter-insurgency.

John Lambton

John Lambton

Major-General John Lambton of Harraton Hall, later of Lambton Castle, County Durham, was a senior officer in the British Army and a Member of Parliament.

George Lammie

George Lammie

Major General George Lammie CBE MC was an officer in the British Army during World War II.

Herman Landon

Herman Landon

Major-General Herman James Shelley Landon,, , was a British Army officer. During the Boer War he commanded a battalion, and was promoted in the interwar period to take command of a brigade in the British Expeditionary Force. He commanded the brigade during the early fighting on the Western Front in the First World War, and succeeded to the command of 1st Infantry Division when his commanding officer was killed at the First Battle of Ypres; he later commanded four more New Army divisions during the war.

Barry Lane (British Army officer)

Barry Lane (British Army officer)

Major-General Barry Michael Lane was a British Army officer.

Harold Stephen Langhorne

Harold Stephen Langhorne

Brigadier-General Harold Stephen Langhorne was an officer in the Royal Army Ordnance Corps of the British army and served in India, Burma, Hong Kong, South Africa and France.

George Colt Langley

George Colt Langley

General Sir George Colt Langley, was a Royal Marines officer who served as Deputy Adjutant-General Royal Marines.

Gerald Lathbury

Gerald Lathbury

General Sir Gerald William Lathbury, was a senior British Army officer who fought during the Second World War, serving with distinction with the British Army's airborne forces, commanding the 1st Parachute Brigade in Sicily, Italy and Holland. He later became Governor of Gibraltar from 1965 to 1969.

Percy Laurie

Percy Laurie

Brigadier Sir Percy Robert Laurie was a British Army and police officer.

Robert Law

Robert Law

Lieutenant-General Robert A. Law was a British Army officer and colonial administrator for the colony of Newfoundland.

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Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, was a member of the British royal family. She was the only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary, the sister of Kings Edward VIII and George VI, and aunt of Queen Elizabeth II. In the First World War, she performed charity work in support of servicemen and their families. She married Henry Lascelles, Viscount Lascelles, in 1922. Mary was given the title of Princess Royal in 1932. During the Second World War, she was Controller Commandant of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. The Princess Royal and the Earl of Harewood had two sons, George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood, and The Honourable Gerald Lascelles.

Royal Red Cross

Royal Red Cross

The Royal Red Cross (RRC) is a military decoration awarded in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth for exceptional services in military nursing.

Royal Corps of Signals

Royal Corps of Signals

The Royal Corps of Signals is one of the combat support arms of the British Army. Signals units are among the first into action, providing the battlefield communications and information systems essential to all operations. Royal Signals units provide the full telecommunications infrastructure for the Army wherever they operate in the world. The Corps has its own engineers, logistics experts and systems operators to run radio and area networks in the field. It is responsible for installing, maintaining and operating all types of telecommunications equipment and information systems, providing command support to commanders and their headquarters, and conducting electronic warfare against enemy communications.

Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service

Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service

Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service (PMRAFNS) is the nursing branch of the British Royal Air Force.

Air vice-marshal

Air vice-marshal

Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. Air vice-marshals may be addressed generically as "air marshal".

Edward Macarthur

Edward Macarthur

Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Macarthur was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, Commander-in-chief of British forces in Australia from 1855, and an administrator of the Colony of Victoria for 12 months, following the death of the Governor, Sir Charles Hotham.

Charles MacCarthy (British Army officer)

Charles MacCarthy (British Army officer)

Sir Charles MacCarthy was an Irish-born soldier of French and Irish descent, who later was appointed as British military governor to territories in West Africa, including Sierra Leone. His family had continued ties to France through the Irish Brigade. MacCarthy followed a maternal uncle into serving with royal French forces, Charles with units under émigré direction. He also served in the Dutch and British armies.

Hector MacDonald

Hector MacDonald

Major-General Sir Hector Archibald MacDonald,, also known as Fighting Mac, was a Scottish soldier.

John Macdonald (British Army officer, died 1850)

John Macdonald (British Army officer, died 1850)

Lieutenant General Sir John Macdonald GCB was Adjutant-General to the Forces.

James Macdonell (British Army officer)

James Macdonell (British Army officer)

General Sir James Macdonell or Macdonnell was a Scottish officer of the British Army.

George Macdonogh

George Macdonogh

Lieutenant-General Sir George Mark Watson Macdonogh was a British Army general officer. After early service in the Royal Engineers he became a staff officer prior to the outbreak of the First World War. His main role in the war was as Director of Military Intelligence at the War Office in 1916–18.

Patrick Leonard MacDougall

Patrick Leonard MacDougall

General Sir Patrick Leonard MacDougall, was a British Army officer who became Commander of the British Troops in Canada.

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Charles Edward Nairne

Charles Edward Nairne

Lieutenant general Sir Charles Edward Nairne was a British military officer who served in British India.

Charles James Napier

Charles James Napier

General Sir Charles James Napier, was an officer and veteran of the British Army's Peninsular and 1812 campaigns, and later a Major General of the Bombay Army, during which period he led the military conquest of Sindh, before serving as the Governor of Sindh, and Commander-in-Chief in India.

George Thomas Napier

George Thomas Napier

Sir George Thomas Napier was a British Army officer who saw service in the Peninsular War and later commanded the army of the Cape Colony.

Distinguished Service Order

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, as well as formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 it has been awarded specifically for 'highly successful command and leadership during active operations', with all ranks being eligible.

History of Egypt under the British

History of Egypt under the British

The history of Egypt under the British lasted from 1882, when it was occupied by British forces during the Anglo-Egyptian War, until 1956 after the Suez Crisis, when the last British forces withdrew in accordance with the Anglo-Egyptian agreement of 1954. The first period of British rule (1882–1914) is often called the "veiled protectorate". During this time the Khedivate of Egypt remained an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire, and the British occupation had no legal basis but constituted a de facto protectorate over the country. Egypt was thus not part of the British Empire. This state of affairs lasted until 1914 when the Ottoman Empire joined the First World War on the side of the Central Powers and Britain declared a protectorate over Egypt. The ruling khedive was deposed and his successor, Hussein Kamel, compelled to declare himself Sultan of Egypt independent of the Ottomans in December 1914.

Adjutant General's Corps

Adjutant General's Corps

The Adjutant General's Corps is a corps in the British Army responsible for many of its general administrative services, named for the Adjutant-General to the Forces. As of 2002, the AGC had a staff of 7,000 people.

Eric Paytherus Nares

Eric Paytherus Nares

Major-General Eric Paytherus Nares CBE MC & Bar was a senior officer of the British Army.

John Nation

John Nation

Brigadier-General John James Henry Nation, CVO, DSO was a British Army officer who became a Conservative Party politician.

Francis Needham, 1st Earl of Kilmorey

Francis Needham, 1st Earl of Kilmorey

Francis Needham, 1st Earl of Kilmorey, known as Francis Needham until 1818 and as The Viscount Kilmorey from 1818 to 1822, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and Member of Parliament.

86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot

86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot

The 86th Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 83rd Regiment of Foot to form the Royal Irish Rifles in 1881.

John Nelson (British Army officer)

John Nelson (British Army officer)

Major General Sir Eustace John Blois Nelson KCVO CB DSO OBE MC was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards during the Second World War and later served as Commandant of the British Sector in Berlin.

Laurence New

Laurence New

Sir Laurence Anthony Wallis New is a former British Army officer who served as Assistant Chief of the General Staff and Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff in the mid-1980s.

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16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers

16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers

The 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It was formed by the amalgamation of the 16th The Queen's Lancers and the 5th Royal Irish Lancers in 1922. The reason for the uniquely atypical regimental title was that the 5th had been re-raised in 1858 almost 60 years after being disbanded, and when re-raised took precedence after the 17th Lancers. After service in the Second World War and the Gulf War, the regiment amalgamated with the 17th/21st Lancers to form the Queen's Royal Lancers in 1993.

Robert O'Callaghan

Robert O'Callaghan

Lieutenant-General Sir Robert William O'Callaghan was a British Army officer and politician.

Military Cross

Military Cross

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

Maurice Charles O'Connell

Maurice Charles O'Connell

Sir Maurice Charles Philip O'Connell KCH was a commander of forces and lieutenant-governor of colonial New South Wales.

Denis O'Connor (British Army officer)

Denis O'Connor (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Sir Denis Stuart Scott (Rory) O'Connor, was a senior British Army officer who served as General Officer Commanding Aldershot District from 1960 to 1961.

Luke O'Connor

Luke O'Connor

Major-General Sir Luke O'Connor, was an Irish soldier who served in the British Army. He was the first soldier to receive the Victoria Cross, Britain's highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy.

Richard O'Connor

Richard O'Connor

General Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor, was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First and Second World Wars, and commanded the Western Desert Force in the early years of the Second World War. He was the field commander for Operation Compass, in which his forces destroyed a much larger Italian army – a victory which nearly drove the Axis from Africa, and in turn, led Adolf Hitler to send the Afrika Korps under Erwin Rommel to try to reverse the situation. O'Connor was captured by a German reconnaissance patrol during the night of 7 April 1941 and spent over two years in an Italian prisoner of war camp. He eventually escaped after the fall of Mussolini in the autumn of 1943. In 1944 he commanded VIII Corps in the Battle of Normandy and later during Operation Market Garden. In 1945 he was General Officer in Command of the Eastern Command in India and then, in the closing days of British rule in the subcontinent, he headed Northern Command. His final job in the army was Adjutant-General to the Forces in London, in charge of the British Army's administration, personnel and organisation.

Kevin O'Donoghue

Kevin O'Donoghue

General Sir Kevin O'Donoghue, is a retired British Army officer and former Chief of Defence Materiel. He retired from the service in December 2010, being succeeded as Chief of Defence Materiel by Bernard Gray.

James Oglethorpe

James Oglethorpe

James Edward Oglethorpe was a British soldier, Member of Parliament, and philanthropist, as well as the founder of the colony of Georgia in what was then British America. As a social reformer, he hoped to resettle Britain's "worthy poor" in the New World, initially focusing on those in debtors' prisons.

Charles Ogston

Charles Ogston

Brigadier-General Charles Ogston was a British Army staff officer.

Charles O'Hara

Charles O'Hara

General Charles O'Hara was a British Army officer who served in the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary War and later served as governor of Gibraltar. He served with distinction during the American War of Independence, commanding a brigade of Foot Guards as part of the army of Charles Cornwallis and was wounded during the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. He offered the British surrender during the Siege of Yorktown on behalf of his superior Charles Cornwallis and is depicted in the eponymous painting by John Trumbull. During his career O'Hara personally surrendered to both George Washington and Napoleon Bonaparte.

Louis Oldfield

Louis Oldfield

Major-General Sir Leopold Charles Louis Oldfield KBE CB CMG DSO (1872–1949) was General Officer Commanding Malaya Command.

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Douglas Packard

Douglas Packard

Lieutenant General Sir Charles Douglas Packard, was a British Army officer who achieved high office in the 1950s.

Order of the British Empire

Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

Jacko Page

Jacko Page

Lieutenant General Jonathan David "Jacko" Page, is a retired senior British Army officer.

Max Page

Max Page

Major-General Sir Charles Max Page KBE CB DSO (1882–1963) was a British surgeon. He was president of the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland in 1946.

Bernard Paget

Bernard Paget

General Sir Bernard Charles Tolver Paget, was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in the First World War, and then later during the Second World War. During the latter, he commanded the 21st Army Group from June to December 1943 and was Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) Middle East Command from January 1944 to October 1946. He was the senior serving general in the British Army and, in Richard Mead's words, "he was possibly the most talented and well-qualified senior British general never to have held a top active service field command, but his contribution to the development of the Army during the War was nevertheless immense."

Edward Paget

Edward Paget

General Sir Edward Paget was a British Army officer.

Lord George Paget

Lord George Paget

General Lord George Augustus Frederick Paget, was a British soldier during the Crimean War who took part in the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. He later became a Whig politician.

22nd Indian Infantry Brigade

22nd Indian Infantry Brigade

The 22nd Indian Infantry Brigade was an Infantry formation of the Indian Army during World War II. It was formed in September 1940, at Baleli in India using assets from the 8th Indian Infantry Brigade and assigned to the 9th Indian Infantry Division. The brigade was sent to Malaya and fought in the Malayan Campaign. After a disastrous campaign the remnants of the brigade surrendered to the Japanese at Johore on 1 February 1942.

Commanding officer

Commanding officer

The commanding officer (CO) or sometimes, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit. The commanding officer has ultimate authority over the unit, and is usually given wide latitude to run the unit as they see fit, within the bounds of military law. In this respect, commanding officers have significant responsibilities, duties, and powers.

Edward Pakenham

Edward Pakenham

Major General Sir Edward Michael Pakenham,, was a British Army officer and politician. He was the son of the Baron Longford and the brother-in-law of the Duke of Wellington, with whom he served in the Peninsular War. During the War of 1812, he was commander of British forces in North America (1814–15). On 8 January 1815, Pakenham was killed in action while leading his men at the Battle of New Orleans.

Hercules Robert Pakenham

Hercules Robert Pakenham

Lieutenant-General Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham was a British Army officer who served as aide-de-camp to William IV of the United Kingdom.

A. G. V. Paley

A. G. V. Paley

Major General Sir Victor Paley, KBE, CB, DSO, DL (1903–1976) was a British Army officer. In addition, he was seconded to the Ghana Army, to become the first Chief of the Defence Staff of the dominion of Ghana.

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Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (LANCS) is an infantry regiment of the line within the British Army, part of the King's Division. Headquartered in Preston, it recruits throughout the North West of England. The Duke of Lancaster is a title inherent in the Sovereign and as such does not vary with the Sovereign's gender. The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment is the county regiment for Cumbria, Lancashire, Greater Manchester, Merseyside and the Isle of Man, and as such, recruits mainly from these areas.

FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan

FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan

Field Marshal FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan,, known before 1852 as Lord FitzRoy Somerset, was a British Army officer. When a junior officer, he served in the Peninsular War and the Waterloo campaign, latterly as military secretary to the Duke of Wellington. He also took part in politics as Tory Member of Parliament for Truro, before becoming Master-General of the Ordnance.

Geoffrey Raikes

Geoffrey Raikes

Major General Sir Geoffrey Taunton Raikes, was a British Army general who achieved high office in the 1930s.

Charles Ramsay (British Army officer, born 1936)

Charles Ramsay (British Army officer, born 1936)

Major-General Charles Alexander Ramsay was a British Army officer.

Frank William Ramsay

Frank William Ramsay

Major-General Frank William Ramsay was a senior British Army officer in the First World War.

Henry Ramsay (Indian Army officer)

Henry Ramsay (Indian Army officer)

General the Hon. Sir Henry Ramsay was a British general in the Indian Army, who served as Commissioner of the Kumaon division. He is regarded as one of the great soldier-administrators of British India and was dubbed "The King of Kumaon".

David Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham

David Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham

General David John Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham, is a retired British Army officer, who later served as HM Chief Inspector of Prisons. He was awarded a life peerage in 2005, and now sits on the cross benches of the House of Lords.

Hubert Rance

Hubert Rance

Major General Sir Hubert Elvin Rance was a British politician who was the last Governor of British Burma between 1946 and 1948, during the transition from Japanese to British colonial administration. Later he became Governor of Trinidad and Tobago.

Devonshire and Dorset Regiment

Devonshire and Dorset Regiment

The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment, usually just known as the Devon and Dorsets, was an infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1958 by the amalgamation of two county regiments, the Devonshire Regiment and the Dorset Regiment. In 2007 it was itself merged into The Rifles, a "large regiment".

John Brocklehurst, 1st Baron Ranksborough

John Brocklehurst, 1st Baron Ranksborough

John Fielden Brocklehurst, 1st Baron Ranksborough, was a British soldier, courtier and Liberal politician.

Hurdis Ravenshaw

Hurdis Ravenshaw

Major General Hurdis Secundus Lalande Ravenshaw CMG was a senior British Army officer in the First World War who served at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and saw action on the North-West Frontier of India, in South Africa in the Second Boer War and in France and Greece in the First World War. In 1916 a German U-boat captured him, and he was a prisoner of war for the next two years. He died in 1920 in unusual circumstances after becoming lost in the South African bush near Port Elizabeth and succumbing to the elements.

Cecil Rawling

Cecil Rawling

Brigadier-General Cecil Godfrey Rawling, was a British soldier, explorer and author whose expeditions to Tibet and Dutch New Guinea brought acclaim from the Royal Geographical Society and awards from the Dutch and Indian governments. He published two books detailing his experiences and served in the British Army on the North-West Frontier of India and in France during the First World War. It was during this latter service that he was killed in action aged 47 during the Battle of Passchendaele.

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Edward Sabine

Edward Sabine

Sir Edward Sabine was an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th president of the Royal Society.

Joseph Sabine (British Army officer)

Joseph Sabine (British Army officer)

General Joseph Sabine was a British Army officer who fought in the Nine Years' War, the War of Spanish Succession and the Jacobite rising of 1715. He was later a politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1734, becoming Governor of Gibraltar in 1730.

Charles Sackville-West, 4th Baron Sackville

Charles Sackville-West, 4th Baron Sackville

Major-General Charles John Sackville-West, 4th Baron Sackville, was a British Army general and peer who served throughout the First World War and reached the rank of major general. In 1919, he was British Military Representative on the Supreme War Council and from 1920 to 1924 he was military attaché in Paris. He inherited his title on 28 January 1928 on the death of his brother, Lionel Edward Sackville-West, 3rd Baron Sackville. He served as Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey.

George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville

George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville

George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, PC, styled The Honourable George Sackville until 1720, Lord George Sackville from 1720 to 1770 and Lord George Germain from 1770 to 1782, was a British soldier and politician who served as Secretary of State for the American Department in Lord North's cabinet during the American War of Independence.

Lionel Sadleir-Jackson

Lionel Sadleir-Jackson

Brigadier General Lionel Warren de Vere Sadleir-Jackson CB, CMG, DSO & Bar, FRGS was an officer of the British Army who served in the Second Boer War and the First World War with distinction before taking command of the North Russia Relief Force which supervised the withdrawal of allied troops from the North Russia Campaign in the Russian Civil War.

Guy Salisbury-Jones

Guy Salisbury-Jones

Major-General Sir Arthur Guy Salisbury-Jones was a British Army officer and the Marshal of the Diplomatic Corps in the Royal Households of George VI and Elizabeth II between 1950 and 1961.

Harold Salt (British Army officer)

Harold Salt (British Army officer)

Major-General Harold Francis Salt was a senior British Army officer.

Alexander Fraser, 17th Lord Saltoun

Alexander Fraser, 17th Lord Saltoun

Lieutenant-General Alexander George Fraser, 17th Lord Saltoun KStG KMT, was a Scottish representative peer and a British Army general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars and the First Opium War.

Army Catering Corps

Army Catering Corps

The Army Catering Corps (ACC) was a corps of the British Army, responsible for the feeding of all Army units. It was formed in 1941 and amalgamated into the Royal Logistic Corps in 1993.

Patrick Sanders (British Army officer)

Patrick Sanders (British Army officer)

General Sir Patrick Nicholas Yardley Monrad Sanders, is a senior British Army officer serving as Chief of the General Staff since June 2022.

Distinguished Service Order

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, as well as formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 it has been awarded specifically for 'highly successful command and leadership during active operations', with all ranks being eligible.

Richard Hieram Sankey

Richard Hieram Sankey

Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Hieram Sankey was an officer in the Royal (Madras) Engineers in the East India Company's army in British India, later transferring to the British Army after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the assumption of Crown rule in India. Sankey Tank which he constructed to meet the water demands of Bangalore is named after him. The high court building in Bangalore, Attara Kacheri, was designed by him and built by Arcot Narrainswamy Mudaliar.

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David Tabor (British Army officer)

David Tabor (British Army officer)

Major-General David John St. Maur Tabor was a British Army officer.

Norman Tailyour

Norman Tailyour

General Sir Norman Hastings Tailyour, was a Royal Marines officer who served as Commandant General Royal Marines from 1965 to 1968.

Norman Talbot

Norman Talbot

Lieutenant General Sir Norman Graham Guy Talbot, KBE, TD, FRCOG, FRCP was a senior British Army officer who was Director General of the Army Medical Services between 1969 and 1973.

Nigel Tapp

Nigel Tapp

Major-General Sir Nigel Tapp KBE CB DSO (1904–1991) was General Officer Commanding East Africa Command.

Banastre Tarleton

Banastre Tarleton

Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st Baronet, GCB was a British general and politician. He is best known as the lieutenant colonel leading the British Legion at the end of the American Revolution. He later served in Portugal and held commands in Ireland and England. Consequently, he had hoped to command British forces fighting the French in the Peninsular War. However, that position was given to Arthur Wellesley.

Allan Taylor (British Army officer)

Allan Taylor (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Sir Allan Macnab Taylor KBE MC was a British Army officer who commanded 1st Division.

Herbert Taylor (British Army officer)

Herbert Taylor (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir Herbert Taylor was the first Private Secretary to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, serving George III, George IV, and William IV.

Markham Le Fer Taylor

Markham Le Fer Taylor

Major General Markham Le Fer Taylor was a career officer of the British Army, serving in the Royal Artillery.

Order of the British Empire

Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

Francis, Duke of Teck

Francis, Duke of Teck

Francis, Duke of Teck, known as Count Francis von Hohenstein until 1863, was an Austrian-born nobleman who married into the British royal family. His wife, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, was a first cousin of Queen Victoria. He was the father of Queen Mary, the consort of King George V. Francis held the Austrian title of Count of Hohenstein, and the German titles of Prince (Fürst) and later Duke of Teck, and was given the style of Serene Highness in 1863. He was granted the British style of Highness in 1887.

Christopher Teesdale

Christopher Teesdale

Major General Sir Christopher Charles Teesdale was the first South African-born recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Gerald Templer

Gerald Templer

Field Marshal Sir Gerald Walter Robert Templer, was a senior British Army officer. He fought in both the world wars and took part in the crushing of the Arab Revolt in Palestine. As Chief of the Imperial General Staff, the professional head of the British Army between 1955 to 1958, Templar was Prime Minister Anthony Eden's chief military adviser during the Suez Crisis. He is also credited as a founder of the United Kingdom's National Army Museum.

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Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment

Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment

The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army based in the county of Kent in existence from 1881 to 1961. The regiment was created on 1 July 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms, originally as the Queen's Own , by the amalgamation of the 50th Regiment of Foot and the 97th Regiment of Foot. In January 1921, the regiment was renamed the Royal West Kent Regiment and, in April of the same year, was again renamed, this time as the Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment.

General officer commanding

General officer commanding

General officer commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth to a general officer who holds a command appointment.

Royal Artillery

Royal Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is one of two regiments that make up the artillery arm of the British Army. The Royal Regiment of Artillery comprises thirteen Regular Army regiments, the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery and five Army Reserve regiments.

Tyrone Urch

Tyrone Urch

Lieutenant General Sir Tyrone Richard Urch, is a former senior British Army officer who, during his career, served as General Officer Commanding, Force Troops Command and later Commander, Home Command.

Roy Urquhart

Roy Urquhart

Major General Robert Elliot "Roy" Urquhart, was a British Army officer who saw service during the Second World War and Malayan Emergency. He became prominent for his role as General Officer Commanding the 1st Airborne Division, which fought with great distinction, although suffering very severe casualties, in the Battle of Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

Ronald Urquhart

Ronald Urquhart

Major General Ronald Walton Urquhart CB DSO was a British Army officer who became Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.

John Utterson-Kelso

John Utterson-Kelso

Major-General John Edward Utterson-Kelso (1893–1972) was a British Army officer.

Distinguished Service Order

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, as well as formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 it has been awarded specifically for 'highly successful command and leadership during active operations', with all ranks being eligible.

Military Cross

Military Cross

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

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Royal Artillery

Royal Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is one of two regiments that make up the artillery arm of the British Army. The Royal Regiment of Artillery comprises thirteen Regular Army regiments, the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery and five Army Reserve regiments.

Charles Vallancey

Charles Vallancey

General Charles Vallancey FRS was a British military surveyor sent to Ireland. He remained there and became an authority on Irish antiquities. Some of his theories would be rejected today, but his drawings, for example, were pain-stakingly accurate compared to existent artefacts. Other drawings, such as his diagram of the banquet hall at Tara, and the lost crown of the High King of Ireland, are unverifiable, as the manuscripts and material he used, no longer exist.

Royal Marines

Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines (RM), also known as the Royal Marines Commandos, are the UK's special operations capable commando force, amphibious light infantry and also one of the five fighting arms of the Royal Navy. The Corps of Royal Marines can trace their origins back to the formation of the "Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of Foot" on 28 October 1664, and can trace their commando origins to the formation of the 3rd Special Service Brigade, now known as 3 Commando Brigade on 14 February 1942, during the Second World War.

Life Guards (United Kingdom)

Life Guards (United Kingdom)

The Life Guards (LG) is the senior regiment of the British Army and part of the Household Cavalry, along with the Blues and Royals.

Casimir Cartwright van Straubenzee

Casimir Cartwright van Straubenzee

Major General Sir Casimir Cartwright van Straubenzee, was a Canadian-born officer in the British Army, who served as General Officer Commanding Singapore and Malaya Command. In 1900, he played cricket for Canada.

General officer commanding

General officer commanding

General officer commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth to a general officer who holds a command appointment.

John Vaughan (British Army officer, died 1795)

John Vaughan (British Army officer, died 1795)

Lieutenant-General Sir John Vaughan KB, styled The Honourable from 1741, was a British soldier and a Member of Parliament in both the British and Irish Parliaments. During the American Revolutionary War he served in both the American and West Indies theaters.

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